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PUBLIC RECORDS 

OF THE 

STATE OF CONNECTICUT 

From May 1793 through October 1796 




COMPILED \}i ACCORqANCE WITH AN ACT OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY 

BY 

LEONARD WOODS LABAREE 

STATE HISTORIAN 
AND 

CATHERINE FENNELLY 



HARTFORD 

Connecticut State Library 

PUBLISHED BY THE STATE 

1951 



F^f 



THE PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE STATE OF CONNECTICUT 

I. From October, 1776, to February, 1778, inclusive (with the 
Journal of the Council of Safety). Charles J. Hoadly, ed. 1894 
Connecticut State Library. $5.00. 

II. From May, 1778, to April, 1780, inclusive (with the Journal of 
the Council of Safety) . Charles J. Hoadly, ed. 1895. Connecti- 
cut State Library. $5.00. 

III. From May, 1780, to October, 1781, inclusive (with the Journal 

of the Council of Safety). Charles J. Hoadly, ed. 1922. 
Connecticut Historical Society. $6.00. 

IV. For the Year 1782 (with the Journal of the Council of Safety). 

Leonard Woods Labaree, ed. 1942. Connecticut State Library. 
$3.00. 

V. For the Years 1783 and 1784 (with the Journal of the Council 
of Safety to November 15, 1783, and Index to Volumes IV 
and V). Leonard Woods Labaree, ed. 1943. Connecticut 
State Library. $5.00. 

VI. From May, 1785, through January, 1789 (with the Records of 
the Governor and Council and the Proceedings of the Consti- 
tutional Ratifying Convention). Leonard Woods Labaree, ed. 
1945. Connecticut State Library (Out of print). 

VII. From May, 1789, through October, 1792 (with the Records of 
the Governor and Council). Leonard Woods Labaree, ed. 
1948. Connecticut State Library. $6.00. 

VIII. From May 1793 through October 1796 (with the Records of the 
Governor and Council). Leonard Woods Labaree and 
Catherine Fennelly, eds. 1951. Connecticut State Library. 
$6.00. 




CONTENTS 

List of Acts iv 

Introduction ix 

General Assembly, May 1793 1 

General Assembly, October 1793 84 

General Assembly, May 1794 127 

General Assembly, October 1794 (New Haven) 183 

General Assembly, October 1794 (Middletown) 187 

General Assembly, May 1795 226 

General Assembly, October 1795 304 

General Assembly, May 1796 357 

General Assembly, October 1796 430 

Appendix : Records of the Governor and Council, May 1793, 

through October 1796 486 

Index 507 



LIST OF ACTS 



May 1793 



An Act in Addition to and Alteration of an Act Entitled an Act for 
Constituting and Regulating Courts and for Appointing the Times 
and Places for Holding the Same 10 

An Act in Alteration of an Act Entitled an Act for Regulating and 
Orderly Celebrating of Marriages and for Punishing Incestuous 
and Other Unlawfull Marriages 11 

An Act in Addition to and Alteration of an Act Entitled an Act for 
Constituting and Regulating Courts and Appointing the Times 
and Places for Holding the Same 11 

[An Act for Continuing in Force an x\ct Entitled an Act for Insti- 
tuting, Defining, and Regulating the Office of Comptroller of the 
Public Accounts] 12 

An Act in Addition to and Alteration of an Act Entitled an Act for 
Providing and Regulating Jurors in Civil Actions 12 

An Act in Alteration of an Act Entitled an Act for the Direction 
of Listers in their Office and Duty 12 

An Act in Addition to an Act Entitled an Act for the Directing and 
Regulating of Civil Actions 13 

An Act in Alteration of an Act Entitled an Act for Regulating Fees 13 

An Act in Addition to, and Alteration of an Act Entitled an Act 
for Licencing and Regulating Houses of Public Entertainment or 
Taverns, and for Suppressing Unlicenced Houses 13 

An Act in Alteration of an Act Entitled an Act for Regulating 
Ferries 14 

An Act in Addition to and in Alteration of an Act Entitled an Act 
for Enlarging the Powers and Increasing the Funds of Yale 
College 15 

October 1793 

An Act Declaring the Tenure of Lands in This State 86 

An Act for Ordering and Disposing of Lunaticks and Other Insane 
Persons, Who are Dangerous and Unfit to Go at Large 87 

An Act in Addition to the Law of this State Entitled An Act for 
Forming and Conducting the Militarv Force of This State, Con- 
formable to the Act of Congress Passed the Eighth Day of May 
Anno Domini 1792 33 

An Act in Addition to and in Alteration of a Certain Statute of This 
State Entitled an Act for Regulating the Appointment of the 
Judges of the Superior Court 90 

An Act in Alteration of an Act Entitled An Act for the Directing 
and Regulating of Civil Actions 91 



LIST OF ACTS V 

An Act in Addition to and Alteration of an Act Entitled an Act for 
the Inspection of Provision and Other Articles of Commerce . . 91 

An Act in Addition to an Act Entitled an Act in Alteration of an 
Act Entitled an Act for the Direction of Listers in their Office 
and Duty 92 

An Act in Addition to and Alteration of an Act Incorporating a 
Medical Society 92 

An Act in Alteration of an Act Entitled An Act to Incorporate the 
Union Bank in New London 92 

An Act in Alteration of an Act Entitled an Act for Regulating New 
Gate Prison in Granby and for Regulating and Governing the 
Same and for the Punishment of Certain Atrocious Crimes and 
Felonies 93 

An Act in Addition to and Alteration of an Act Entitled an Act for 
Encouraging and Regulating Fisheries 93 

An Act in Alteration of an Act Entitled an Act in Addition to an 
Act for the Encouraging and Regulating Fisheries 94 

An Act Appointing Commissioners on the Part of This State for 
Ascertaining Part of the Boundary Line between This State and 
the Commonwealth of Massachusets 99 

An Act Establishing a Fund for the Support of the Ministry and 
Schools of Education 100 

May 1794 

An Act Authorizing the Use of the Goals in This State for the Con- 
finement of Prisoners under the Authority of the United States 137 

An Act Authorizing Amendments in Proceedings at Law and in 
Equity 137 

An Act Directing Bar Iron to be Stamped 137 

An Act in Addition to an Act for Appointing Encouraging and Sup- 
porting Schools 138 

An Act Repealing Part of an Act Entitled an Act for Regulating 
the Appointment of the Superior Court 139 

An Act in Addition to an Act Entitled an Act for Regulating Ferries 140 

An Act for Continuing in Force, an Act Entitled an Act for Insti- 
tuting, Defining, and Regulating the Oftice of Comptroller of the 
Public Accounts 141 

October 1794 

An Act to Authorize the Governor in Certain Cases to Alter the 
Place for Holding a Session of the General Assembly of the State 190 

An Act in Alteration of an Act Entitled An Act Concerning the 
Dowry of Widows 190 

An Act in Addition to an Act Entitled An Act in Addition to and in 
Alteration of a Law of This State, for Constituting and Regu- 
lating Courts and Appointing the Times and Places for Holding 
the Same 190 



VI LIST OF ACTS 

An Act to Repeal Part of an Act Entitled an Act for the Direction 
of Listers in Their Office and Duty 190 

An Act in Alteration of An Act Entitled an Act for Regulating 
Ferries 190 

May 1795 

An Act Appropriating the Moneys Which Shall Arise in the Sale 
of the Western Lands Belonging to This State 237 

An Act Providing Compensation to the Judges of the Superior 
Court for Sessions thereof Holden by Adjournment 240 

An Act for Providing and Regulating Jurors in Civil Actions .... 240 

An Act for Recording Conveyances of Certain Lands Lying on 
Lake Erie 243 

An Act in Addition to and Alteration of an Act Entitled An Act 

Providing in Case of Sickness 244 

An Act for Regulating the Manufacture of Nails Made for Sale or 
Exportation W'lthin This State 246 

An Act in Addition to an Act Entitled an Act for Providing. Alter- 
ing, Regulating, and Mending Highways 247 

An Act to Repeal an Act Entitled An Act in Addition to and xVltera- 
tion of an Act Entitled an Act for Licensing and Regulating 
Houses of Pul^lic Entertainment or Taverns and for Suppressing 
Unlicensed Houses ; and also Part of an Act Entitled an Act for 
Licensing and Regulating Houses of Public Entertainment or 
Taverns and for Suppressing Unlicensed Houses 248 

An Act in Alteration of an Act Entitled An Act for Regulating 
Ferries 248 

An Act for Further Continuing in Force an Act Entitled An Act 
for Instituting, Defining, and Regulating the Office of Comptrol- 
ler of the Public Accounts 248 



October 1795 

An Act for the Providing and Regulating of Jurors in Civil Actions 307 

An Act in Addition to an Act Entitled An Act for Forming and 
Conducting the Military Force of This State, Conformable to the 
Act of Congress Passed the Eighth Day of May 1792 310 

An Act to Incorporate the Middletown Bank 310 

An Act in Addition to and Alteration of an Act Entitled An xA.ct 
to Incorporate the New Haven Bank 313 

An Act in Alteration of the Statute Entitled An Act for Consti- 
tuting and Regulating Courts and Appointing the Times and 
Places for Holding the Same 313 

An Act in Addition to an Act Concerning Petitions and Prayers or 
Memorials to the General Assembly 314 

An Act to Repeal Part of an Act Entitled An Act Laying a Duty 
in Certain Cases 314 



LIST OF ACTS Vll 

An Act to Oblige the Several Towns in This State to Erect Post 
Guides for the Convenience of Travellers 314 

An Act in Alteration of an Act Regulating Fees 314 

An Act in Further Addition to an Act Entitled An Act for Incor- 
porating a Part of the Town of Hartford 315 

An Act in Alteration of an Act Entitled An Act for Incorporating 
a Part of the Town of Norwich 315 

An Act for Regulating Fishery in Mystic River between the Towns 
of Stoningfton and Groton 315 



May 1796 

An Act Confirming Certain Judicial Proceedings 370 

An Act in Addition to An Act Entitled An Act for Regulating 

Salaries and Fees 370 

An Act in Addition to An Act Entitled An Act Appropriating the 

Monies Which Shall Arise on the Sale of the Western Lands 

Belonging to This State 371 

An Act for Continuing in Force An xA.ct Entitled An Act in Addition 

to an Act for Appointing, Encouraging, and Supporting Schools 371 
An Act in Alteration of An Act Entitled An Act for the Direction 

of Listers in their Office and Duty 371 

An Act Authorizing Towns to Make Bye Laws for the Purpose 

Therein Mentioned 372 

An Act in Addition to and Alteration of An Act Entitled An Act 

for Stating, Limiting, and Naming the Counties in this State .... 372 
An Act in Addition to and Alteration of An Act Entitled An Act 

for Constituting and Regulating Courts and Appointing the Times 

and Places for Holding the Same 373 

An Act for Further Continuing in Force an Act Entitled An Act for 

Instituting, Defining, and Regulating the Office of Comptroller 

of the Public Accounts i7?) 

An Act in Addition to and Alteration of an Act Entitled An Act 

to Incorporate the Hartford Bank 2)7^ 

An Act to Incorporate the Norwich Bank 374 

An Act in Addition to an Act Entitled An Act for Enlarging the 

Powers and Increasing the Funds of Yale College 403 



October 1796 

An Act in Addition to an Act Entitled An Act for the Providing 
and Regulating of Jurors in Civil Actions 435 

An Act in Further Addition to an Act Entitled An Act for Forming 
and Conducting the Military Force of this State, Conformable to 
the Act of Congress Passed May 8th 1792 436 

An Act in Addition to an Act Entitled An Act for the Inspection of 
Provisions and Other Articles of Commerce 436 

An Act Regulating the Weight of Wheat 437 



viii LIST OF ACTS 

An Act for Destroying Barberry Bushes 437 

An Act in Addition to an Act Entitled An Act for Licencing, and 
Regulating Houses of Public Entertainment, or Taverns, and for 
Suppressing Unlicensed Houses 437 

An Act Repealing Part of An Act Entitled An Act Concerning 
Leather, and for Regulating the Several Artificers Concerned 
in Working or Making up the Same 438 

An Act in Addition to and Alteration of an Act Entitled An Act to 
Incorporate the New Haven Bank 438 

An Act for Incorporating the Proprietors of the Half Million Acres 
of Land Lying South of Lake Erie 438 



INTRODUCTION 

This volume contains the record of transactions of the Connecticut 
General Assembly during the four years 1793-1796, corresponding in 
point of time very closely with the second administration of George 
Washington as President of the United States. The records of the 
Governor and Council for the same period are included as an appendix. 

The Introduction to Volume VII discussed at some length the failure 
of the State to ratify the first ten amendments to the Federal Constitution. 
Quite different was the reception the Assembly accorded in 1794 to the 
proposal which became the Eleventh Amendment. The decision of the 
United States Supreme Court in February 1793 in the case of Chisholni 
V. Georgia interpreted Article III, section 2 of the Constitution as per- 
mitting a citizen of one State to sue another State in the Federal courts 
even against the will of the defendant State. Connecticut objected, along 
with several of her sister commonwealths, and in the October session 
instructed her Senators and Representatives to work for an amendment 
which would prohibit in the future such an infringement upon the 
sovereignty of a State (pp. 94-95) . In the following March Congress sub- 
mitted a proposed amendment denying to the Federal courts jurisdiction 
over suits against a State brought by citizens of another State or an alien. 
Connecticut was prompt to ratify at the May 1794 session, a few weeks 
after receiving the text of the amendment (p. 141). Other proposed 
amendments did not fare so well. A cryptic entry in the Assembly 
Journal, October 30, 1794, reads, "Dissented to bill for ratifying an 
amendment to Constitution of United States," but neither in the Journal 
nor the manuscript Archives has any evidence been found to indicate the 
nature of the proposal. Except for the Eleventh Amendment mentioned 
above, Congress submitted no proposals to the States between the group 
of twelve sent out in 1789, ten of which were ratified by the requisite 
number of States, and the Twelfth Amendment submitted in 1803.^ It 
is conceivable that the amendment now rejected was one of the two 
included in the initial group of twelve submitted in 1789 but never 
adopted and that Connecticut was now giving it somewhat belated atten- 
tion.^ In 1796 the Virginia legislature communicated to the sister 
States proposals for a group of amendments relating to the ratification of 
treaties, the trial of impeachments, the term of Senators, and the inelig- 
ibility of federal judges to hold any other federal office simultaneously. 
The proposals followed Chief Justice Jay's mission to England and the 
highly unpopular treaty he negotiated there. ^ Connecticut's political 

1. Herman V. Ames, The Proposed Amendments to the Constitution of the United 
States During the First Century of Its History. Annual Report of the American 
Historical Association, 1896, II (Washington, 1897), 323-324. 

2. The two proposed amendments submitted in 1789 which failed of adoption related 
respectively to the apportionment of the House of Representatives and to the com- 
pensation of members of Congress. 

3. H. V. Ames, The Proposed Amendments to the Constitution of the United 
States, pp. 66, 67, 147, 268, 323. 



X INTRODUCTION 

leaders were overwhelmingly Federalist and hence unwilling to support 
such obviously Anti-Federalist measures. The Assembly referred the 
Virginia resolutions to a select committee and later accepted the com- 
mittee's report recommending that the legislature take no further action.'* 

Federal relations and national problems commanded the attention of 
the Connecticut authorities in some other directions during these years. 
One such question involved the public debt. Under Alexander Hamilton's 
plan for the Federal assumption of state war debts Connecticut was able, 
in October 1794, to authorize the comptroller to receive from creditors 
of the State their various evidences of indebtedness and to give them in 
return certificates of stock in the federal loan, thus transferring the finan- 
cial obligation from the State to the Federal Treasury (pp. 191-92. 225). 

The outbreak of war in Europe early in 1793 following upon the 
French Revolution was a matter of concern to the State and its in- 
habitants, especially to those with commercial interests. Washington's 
proclamation of neutrality, April 22. 1793, met in general with warm 
approval and at the May session the General Assembly endorsed a procla- 
mation by Governor Huntington supporting the pronouncement of the 
President (p. 1 note). By the following spring British seizures of 
American ships brought fear of military involvement. A temporary em- 
bargo established in March received general support within the State, 
although, being a matter involving foreign commerce and so wholly 
within the province of the Federal Government, it required no formal 
action by State authorities other than a proclamation by the governor 
directing obedience to it.^ In May 1793 the lower house of the Assembly 
had negatived a proposal to mount cannon at the port of New London.^ 
but in the spring of 1794 Congress passed an act to fortify harbors along 
the coast. Since the available funds were considered inadequate and the 
Connecticut legislature declined to supplement the Federal appropriation 
"a large party of patriotic citizens" volunteered their services in erecting 
fortifications at Fort Trumbull overlooking New London harbor. The 
newspaper accounts added encouragingly that it was "not to be doubted 
that the precedent which has been given will be followed with alacrity 
by all the republican spirit of our country."^ The General Assembly did, 
however, adopt a resolution in the spring of 1794 in support of a Con- 
gressional enactment which authorized the calling out upon need of a 
total of eighty thousand militia. The Connecticut legislature provided a 
quota of 5,881 officers and men (p. 142). 

^ These four years witnessed notable changes in the personnel of the 
State government. On January 5, 1796 Samuel Huntington, governor 
since 1786. died at the age of sixty-four. A native of Windham and 

i-rni -C°""^^^icut Genera! Assembly. House of Representatives. Journals, May 
1/91-May 1808, microfilm in the Connecticut State Library, Journal for Alay 30, 
June 2, 1/96. 

5. Conn. Gazette, March 27, April 3. 1794; Conn. Courant. April 7. 1794: Ameri- 
can Mercnry, April 7. 1794; Conn. Jounwl. April 10. 1794. 

6. Assembly Journal, May 29, 1793. 

T ^' ^°!^^^aP^^^^^^' J""^ ^' ^''94; American Mercury, June 9, 1794; Conn. Courant 
June 9, 1794. ^ ^ > . , 



INTRODUCTION 



a self-educated lawyer, he practiced in Norwich, served in the Continental 
Congress through nearly all the years of the Revolution, was a signer of the 
Declaration of Independence, and for approximately two years was presi- 
dent of Congress. He was lieutenant governor for two years before advanc- 
ing to the governorship. Huntington was succeeded as governor in May 
1796 by Oliver Wolcott, son of Roger Wolcott, who had been governor of 
the Colony of Connecticut. 1750-1754. The new governor was a native of 
Windsor and, like his predecessor, had served in the Continental Congress 
during most of the Revolutionary War and had signed the Declaration of 
Independence. Before his advancement to the governorship he had been 
lieutenant governor for nine vears. 

Less than four months after the death of Governor Huntmgton, 
Connecticut also lost its senior public officer in length of service when 
the secretary of the State, George Wyllys, died on April 24, 1796, in his 
eighty-sixth year. He had held the office of secretary continuously by 
annual election or Assembly appointment since May 1730, just short 
of sixty-six years. Upon assuming the office he had succeeded his father, 
Hezekiah. who had become secretary in 1712. George Wyllys was now 
followed in turn bv his son Samuel Wyllys, who continued as secretary 
until 1809 when he retired for reasons of health. Thus three successive 
members of one family held the same office continuously for a period 
just thirty-one months short of a full century, establishing something of a 
record in American political annals. The candid reader of the official 
records which George Wyllys prepared in the latter years of his life must 
admit that age was beginning to tell. In the present volume there are 
several inaccuracies, omissions, or other slips which suggest that his work 
was no longer of quite the high standard it had earlier been. He was, 
nevertheless, an able and faithful public servant, skilled among other 
things at summarizing for the record the often involved and badly phrased 
memorials submitted for Assembly action, and assiduous in his attention 
to duty. During his sixty-six years in office he never missed attending 
a session of the General Assembly. 

The public careers of Huntington, Wolcott, and the Wyllyses illustrate 
the eighteenth-century habit of Connecticut's voters of choosing the same 
men and members of the same small group of families repeatedly to import- 
ant public office. Emphasis on continuity, seniority, and family connection 
was fundamental in the political habits of the Colony and State during 
the long period of domination by the "Standing Order."^ During the 
last decade of the century, however, those outside the traditional ruling 
class, and in particular dissenters from the orthodox, established Congre- 
gational Church, were beginning to show their dissatisfaction, even though 
twenty years and more were still to pass after the period covered by this 
volume before the old guard was to be overthrown at the polls. Some 
evidence of the growing disharmony between the traditional system and 
the desires of the ordinary citizens — even of many of those to whom the 

8. For further discussion of this point, with some statistical analysis of the 
elections to the principal offices from 1662 to 1776, see Leonard W. Labaree, Con- 
servatisrn in Early American History (New York, 1948), pp. 20-24. 



Xll INTRODUCTION 

franchise was limited — can be seen in the reports of nominations and 
elections to the offices of governor, lieutenant governor, and assistants. 
All official lists of autumn nominations were arranged with the names of 
the governor and lieutenant governor first, followed by the others in 
order of seniority of service, regardless of the number of nominating votes 
cast for each man. Under the system used for balloting at the spring 
elections such an arrangement gave the senior candidates a tremendous 
advantage in their quest for reelection and with extraordinarily few excep- 
tions they were returned to office.^ But how" far short this order of listing 
came from reflecting truly the relative popularity of the candidates can 
be seen by comparing these lists with the reports of votes actually cast 
in the relatively few instances for which detailed figures are to be found in 
the newspapers (pp. 102, 194, 316, 360, 435 and notes). 

Criticism of the council's action in blocking the repeal of the western 
lands appropriation act, discussed below, led to a lively newspaper contro- 
versy in August and September 1794 in which the long tenure, seniority 
system, and ultra-conservatism of the assistants were vigorously discussed. 
"Cassius" and "Cato" wrote letters attacking the council and urging the 
defeat for reelection of all but three members. By constantly voting the 
same men back into office, said Cassius, the people were consenting to 
the Council's "establishment in offxe and practically rendering it, to the 
trifle of a name, as permanent as the House of Lords. "^'^ Newspapers 
printed letters in reply from "Cataline." "Vindicator." "Publius," and 
others with similar pen names attacking the reformers. "Vindicator" ex- 
pressed the basic philosophy of the conservatives when he declared : "Per- 
petutal changes in rulers tend to changes in the law and government, and 
to render liberty, property, and all the enjoyments of a people unstable 
and insecure. The tendency is to create parties and animosities in a state, 
to inflame the public body and at once to sap the foundations of civil 
happiness. "11 Among all the letter writers only "Piso" seems to have 
viewed the controversy with a sense of humor. Ridiculing both "Cassius" 
for urging his fellow citizens to turn the rascals out in the fall nominating 
ballots and "Cataline" for his sarcastic replies, he announced: "I love 
revolutions. It is glorious fun ; let us have one this fall."i- 

When the nominating ballots were tallied that October none of the 
assistants lost their places, but there was little correspondence between 
the order of popularity and the seniority standing of the men. Only one 
of the six senior assistants stood among the first ten in total votes received 
(p. 194). Ezra Stiles, the conservative president of Yale, observed the 
results of the balloting and was disturbed. Eighty-five men, he recorded 

9. For a description of the voting system in use during these years see Richard J. 
Purcell, Connecticut in Transition, 1775-1818 (Washington, 1918), pp. 193-198. 

10. Conn. Journal, Aug. 6, 1794; American Mercury, Aug. 11, 1794- Conn 
Gazette, Aug. 14, 1794. 

11. Conn. Courant, Sept. 1, 1794. 

12. American Mercury. Sept. 1, 1794. For other letters on this controversy see 
Corm. Courant, Aug. 11, Aug. 25, Sept. 1, Sept. 8, 1794; Conn. Gazette. Aug. 28, 
Sept. 5, Sept. 11, 1794; American Mercury. Aug. 18, Sept. 1, Sept. 8, 1794; Conn. 
Journal. Aug. 27, Sept. 3, 1794. 



INTRODUCTION Xlll 

in his diary, had each received at least one hundred nominating votes. 
Only about thirty of these men were what he called "religious Characters." 
Of the rest, "certainly too many" were "of dubious and undecided 
Characters for virtue and religion ; and some of flagitious morals."^^ 
Religious orthodoxy seemed to be threatened in its very citadel, the Connec- 
ticut council. The only conservative leader who actually lost out in the 
nominations was the lieutenant governor, Oliver Wolcott, who wound 
up thirtieth in order of votes received and so failed of a place on the list 
of twenty nominees. He only polled 1357 votes as compared to 4606 
for the most popular assistant. Jonathan IngersoU. an anti-Appropriation 
Act man, and 1998 for W'illiam Williams, the senior assistant in length 
of service hut lowest in votes among the successful nominees.^^ But 
V/olcott did not suffer in the end. The law did not compel the freemen to 
limit their spring votes for the two offices of governor and lieutenant 
governor to men on the fall nominating list, as it did in the case of assistants, 
and in May 1795, his popularity having been considerably restored in 
the interval, the voters returned him to his former office despite his 
October defeat. Perhaps this might be called the first instance of the 
successful use in Connecticut of a "write-in" ballot (p. 229). 

The attack upon the seniority sysem of nominations, while unsuccessful, 
was not wholly dead. When counting the votes in May 1795 the Asseml^ly 
threw out the ballots cast in Wallingford and Harwinton because at the 
election in these rebellious towns the names of candidates had not been 
presented in the order — that of seniority — authorized by the Assembly.^^ 
At the same session Asa Spaulding. deputy from Norwich, introduced 
a bill providing that nominees for assistantships should be presented 
according to the numlDcr of nominating votes received. After discussion, 
the house rejected the proposal.^*' In October 1795 Abraham Pierson 
of Killingworth presented a bill, apparently to the same effect; it met 
with a similar fate.^^ More than twenty years passed before the "Standing 
Order" lost its control over the council. 

In the internal politics of the State two closely related topics pro- 
duced the greatest amount of discussion and dispute during the period 
here covered : the sale of Connecticut's lands in the Western Reserve and 
the disposition of the proceeds of such sales. In May 1792 the State had 
granted to the sufferers from British raids in the Revolution 500.000 
acres of the lands in the West which it claimed under the Charter of 1662 
and which it had reserved from the general cession to the Federal 
Government. ^^ A large proportion of the Western Reserve still remained 
and it seemed desirable to the State's political leaders to sell it as soon 
as possible on the most advantageous terms that could be obtained. 



13. The Literary Diary of Ezra Stiles, edited by Franklin Bowditch Dexter, TIT 
(New York, 1904), 545-546. 

14. American Mercury, Nov. 3, 1794; Conn. Journal, Nov. 6, 1794. 

15. Assembly Journal, May 14, 1795. 

16. Assembly Journal, May 27, 1795. 

17. Assembly Journal, October 14, 1795. 

18. Records of the State of Connecticut, VII (Hartford, 1948), 448-472. 



XIV INTRODUCTION 

Accordingly, the May session of 1793 appointed a committee of eight and 
authorized them to negotiate and consummate the sale of the western 
lands under certain minimum conditions (pp. 16-17). The next question 
was what to do with the proceeds from the hoped-for sale. In October 
1793 the Assembly passed An Act Establishing a Fund for the Support 
of the Ministry and Schools of Education, commonly referred to in the 
ensuing controversy as the "Appropriation Act," assigning the prospective 
receipts to a perpetual fund, the income of which was to be granted to 
"the several ecclesiastical societies, churches, or congregations of all de- 
nominations" in the State to be used for the support of the ministers and 
of "schools of education" (p. 100). It was expected that the fund would 
be large enough to give each of the hundred or so towns an average 
of about $600 a year, enough to permit them to substitute this means of 
paying the salaries of the ministers in the established churches for the 
existing svstem of taxation. The act finally passed in the lower house by 
the close vote of 83 to 70.^^ 

Criticism of the May resolution for the sale of western land had already 
begun to appear (p. 100 note) and the October act for the disposal of 
the proceeds brought forth a storm of protest. The newspapers were 
full of letters, some attacking, some defending, the actions of the legislature. 
Some papers printed the text of the Appropriation Act with the list of 
deputies voting for and against. When another paper failed to do like- 
wise the printer was chided by a correspondent who wanted information 
on a rumor that one of his town's representatives had voted for the bill. 
"This, Mr. Printer," he explained, "to us serious people, is very strange 
— that a Man who has Impudence enough to buy our Votes with Flip and 
Po7'k, should have Religion enough to sell our Lands for Preaching."-*^ 
Town meetings took up the issue and during the winter resolutions de- 
nouncing the legislature's actions were formally adopted, sometimes with- 
out dissenting voice, by the voters of Stratford, Huntington. Derby, 
Norwalk, Cheshire, New London, Saybrook, Groton. and Milford. In 
several instances the towns instructed their representatives to work for 
repeal at the next session. ^^ 

The critics attacked the two measures both separately and together, 
often viewing them as complementary parts of a single unpalatable scheme. 
The time was not ripe for a sale of the western lands, they said. Indian 
titles had not yet been extinguished and there was danger of an Indian 
war ; the State could get a much better price later on when western 
settlement had been developed further. It was unsound to insist on selling 
all the land at one time, with the certain result that it would fall into the 
hands of a few rich speculators instead of those of actual settlers. War with 
England was a possibility of the near future and Connecticut should con- 
serve its resources for the emergencv which might arise. Or, said some, 



19. Assembly Journal, October 26, 1793. The Conn. Gazette. Feb. 13, 1794, gives 
the totals incorrectly as 85 to 7Z. 

20. American Mercury, March 31, 1794. 

21. Conn. Journal, Dec. 19, 1793; Jan. 23, Feb. 27, Mar. 13, 1794; American 
Mercury. Jan. 20, 1794; Conn. Gazette, Mar. 13, 27, 1794. 



INTRODUCTION XV 

if the State had money to spend, it could use the funds to much better 
advantage for reducing the pubHc debt, for building roads and bridges, 
for encouraging manufacturers, for educating ministers and schoolmasters, 
for supporting medicine or libraries, or for other equally useful purposes. 
Underlying all the other criticisms was the fundamental objection of the 
dissenters from the Established Church : while the Appropriation Act was 
ostensibly for the benefit of the churches of all denominations, the orthodox 
ecclesiastical societies were certain to control the disposition of the money. 
They would be the only ones to gain real advantage from the proposed 
liquidation of the State's greatest fixed asset, its western lands. 

Throughout the controversy there were numerous writers who sup- 
ported the Appropriation Act", although they had relatively little to say 
in specific defence of the immediate sale of the western lands. Here was 
a golden opportunity, as one writer, quite typical of the others, said, an 
opportunity "that had never before, and never would again occur, without 
any burden on the State, or future expense to the people, to lay a secure 
and perpetual foundation to support the principles of morality, religion, 
and good government, and thereby promote the temporal and eternal 
happiness of the people. "^- 

When the Assembly met in May 1794 it was clear that the people 
generally desired repeal, however much their conservative leaders favored 
the two measures. In the lower house a vigorous debate took place, at the 
end of which the deputies voted, 109 to 58, to repeal the Appropriation 
Act.-^ By a vote of 1 1 to 3 the Council, controlled by the conservatives, 
refused to concur, and the repealing bill was dead. With respect to the 
immediate sale of the western lands, however, the opposition was more 
successful. The international situation was a factor here. Great Britain 
still retained the posts in the Northwest Territory she was supposed to 
have surrendered at the end of the Revolution ; she controlled water 
communication with the Northwest via the Great Lakes and was doing 
her best to prevent the quieting of Indian titles to the country. This situa- 
tion made an advantageous sale of the lands for immediate settlement 
seem highly doubtful. Alleging these circumstances as the reason, the 
two houses of the Assembly concurred in a resolution directing the com- 
mittee to make no sale before the end of the coming October session. 
At that time the Assemblv extended the stay until the spring of 1795. 
(pp. 145, 194). 

Meanwhile public agitation continued, with the critics directing their 
attention to the majority members of the Council who had blocked repeal 
of the Appropriation Act in May. It was at this time that the attack upon 
the system of nominations and seniority, mentioned above, reached its 
peak. When the session of October 1794 convened in Middletown, to 
which town it had adjourned because of a yellow-fever epidemic in 
New Haven, the lower house passed another repealing bill by a vote of 



22. American Mercury, March 24, 1794. 

23. Assembly Journal, May 16, 1794. The text of the bill is in Connecticut State 
Archives, Schools and Colleges, Series II, I. p. 3a. 



Xvi INTRODUCTION 

110 to 51.^^ By this time the assistants had come to realize that they must 
modify their previous stand. Without accepting the representatives' bill 
for total repeal of the Appropriation Act, they brought forward a compro- 
mise proposal whereby the income of the fund was to go to the local school 
districts — strengthened by an act of the preceeding May (p. 138) — to be 
used for the support of schools or the ministry as the district might decide 
by a majority vote.^° After consideration, the lower house voted, 83 to 78, 
to continue the Council's bill to the next session, meanwhile ordering it 
published in the newspapers. ^^^ A majority of the deputies wanted to get 
the reaction of their constituents before committing themselves on the 
proposal. 

Once more town meetings took up the question. This time they proved 
more favorable to the Council's position. Of those towns whose formal 
actions were reported in the newspapers, only Cheshire and Nev/ Milford 
adopted resolutions opposing the immediate sale of the western lands 
and the revised scheme for disposing of the proceeds. On the other hand, 
Killingworth, Wethersfield, Granby, Tolland, Stafford, Suffield, East 
Hartford, Bristol, and Berlin voted in favor of the Council's compromised^ 
The letters to the newspapers were fairly evenly divided between sup- 
porters and opponents. 

When the new assembly met in May 1795 the House of Representatives 
seemed unconvinced that the Council's compromise was adequate and 
they rejected the bill. Instead they appointed sixteen members to a joint 
committee "to consider and report upon the general subject of appro- 
priating the avails of the western lands belonging to this State. "'^ In 
the conferences which followed the Council retreated still further from its 
position of the year before and at length the committee reported an appro- 
priation bill, which, with some amendments from the floor, could command 
the support of majorities in both houses.^^ The Act Appropriating the 
Moneys which shall Arise on the Sale of the Western Lands Belonging 
to this State, which passed without a roll-call vote, repealed the act of 
October 1793 and assigned the proceeds of the sales to a perpetual fund, 
the income of which was to go to the school societies in the State for the 
support of schools. If any school society — to which the voting members 
of all the churches in the district were to belong, regardless of religious 
denomination — should vote by a two-thirds majority to apply any part of 
its share to the support of the ministry, it might appeal to the legislature 
and, upon receiving permission to do so, might divide the money among 
the different churches in the district in proportion to their respective 
memberships (p. 237). Thus the proceeds of the land sales were diverted 
in the first instance from the churches to the schools, and the Connecticut 



24. Assembly Journal, Oct. 22, 1794. 

25. Text in Conn. Courant, Nov. 3, 1794. 

26. Assembly Journal, Oct. 30, 1794. 

27. Conn. Gazette, Dec. 18, 1794; Conn. Courant, Jan. 5, 15, 19, Mar. 23, Apr. 13, 
20, 1795. 

28. Assembly Journal, May 22, 23, 1795. 

29. Assembly Journal, May 28, 29, 1795. 



INTRODUCTION XVU 

School Fund was set up, from which the members of all religious denom- 
inations would derive equal benefit. Although it was technically possible 
for a community to direct its share of the income to the ministry, the 
dissenting churches were assured of receiving their just proportion, and 
the provision for a two-thirds vote before any such switch could be 
attempted was a further guarantee that minority rights would be pro- 
tected. In fact, no school district ever asked permission to make the 
transfer. The Connecticut School Fund soon became and has ever since 
continued to be an object of pride to the citizens of the State. 

The demand lor the indefinite postponement of the western-land sales 
did not fare so well as did that for the repeal of the original Appropriation 
Act. Prospects for peaceful settlement in the West had recently improved. 
General Anthony Wayne had checked the Indian menace by his victory 
at Fallen Timbers in the preceeding August and there was good prospect 
of a treaty with the natives for their cession of title to a large amount of 
territory.^*^ Relations with Great Britain had substantially improved 
following the negotiation of Jay's Treaty, under which the British promised 
to evacuate the western posts by June 1, 1796. Hence the day after the 
final vote on the School Fund Act a joint committee reported in favor 
of selling the western lands as soon as a buyer or buyers could be found 
willing to pay at least one million dollars (pp. 249-50). The lower house 
approved this recommendation by the narrow margin of 69 votes to 66. 
Differences appeared between the two houses about the terms of the 
proposed sale and about the composition of the committee of management, 
but in the end the Representatives had their way on both points (pp. 
250-51).^^ During the next few months the committee made an agree- 
ment for the sale of the western lands for $1,200,000 to a syndicate con- 
sisting mostly of citizens of the State, later organized as the Connecticut 
Land Company, and at the following October session the House of Repre- 
sentatives accepted and approved the committee's report.^- Thus after a 
prolonged and acrimonious dispute Connecticut succeeded in disposing 
of the lands in the Western Reserve and in establishing with the proceeds 
the State's permanent School Fund. 

Another subject which attracted a good deal of attention during the 
years covered by this volume, but one which resulted in no important 
legislation, was slavery. For about twenty years Connecticut had been 
moving slowly towards the suppression of the "peculiar institution." Trie 
Assembly took the first step just before the beginning of the Revolution 
with an act passed in 1774 prohibiting the importation into Connecticut 
of any Indian, Negro, or mulatto slave " to be disposed of, left, or sold" 
within the Colony, under penalty of a £100 fine.^^ Ten years later the legis- 
lature began the process of gradual emancipation. When the general statutes 



30. Actually carried through by the Treaty of Greenville, August 3, 1795. 

31. Assembly Journal, May 30, June 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 1795. 

32. American Mercury, Aug. 17, 1795; Comi. Courant, Aug. 17, 1795; Assembly 
Journal, Oct. 15, 1795. 

33. Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut, XIV, 1772-1775 (Hartford, 
1887), 329. 



XVin INTRODUCTION 

of the State were being collected and revised for publication in 1784, the 
Assembly added to the Act Concerning Indian, Mulatto, and Negro Ser- 
vants and Slaves a short clause. Asserting that "sound public policy re- 
quires that the abolition of slavery should be effected as soon as may be 
consistent with the rights of individuals and the public safety," the 
amendment decreed that no Negro or mulatto child born within the State 
after March 1, 1784, should be held to servitude after attaining the age of 
twenty-five, nothwithstanding the slave status of its mother or parent, 
but should be free at that age.^* This law did not free any slaves then 
in being but, as later interpreted by the courts, it gave to children born of 
slave parents after March 1, 1784, the status of apprentices until they 
attained the age of twenty-five, when they would become wholly free. 
As those Negroes born before this date died off, slavery would gradually 
disappear. The numbers still left in bondage when the process of emanci- 
pation began may be calculated at close to 3,000.^^ 

In 1788 the Assembly attacked other aspects of the general problem 
when it forbade any citizen or inhabitant of the State to engage directly 
or indirectly in the x^frican slave trade or to transport out of the State any 
free Negro, Indian, or mulatto, or person entitled to freedom at the age 
of twenty-five. It provided further that every master must register with 
the town clerk of his community the pertinent facts concerning each child 
born to a slave after March 1, 1784. •^'^"' This act was stiffened in 1792 by 
a new law forbidding the transportation of any slave out of the State for 
the purpose of sale.^' At the same time another measure established 
the conditions and procedures under which a master might voluntarily 
emancipate a slave. ^*^ These acts, with some clarifying amendments, 
represented the extent of Connecticut's progress towards the total eradica- 
tion of slavery and the slave trade at the opening of the present volume. 

A good many citizens were dissatisfied with State's limited and partial 
measures. The Connecticut Society for the Promotion of Freedom and 
the Relief of Persons Unlawfully Held in Bondage, the State's first aboli- 
tionist society, was organized in 1790 to work for more thorough-going 
action. It had presented an address to the xAssembly in October 1792, 
consideration of which, together with a proposed bill, the representatives 
postponed to the next session.*^'-* At the first meeting covered in this 



34. Acts and Laws of the State of Connecticut . . . (New London, 1784), pp. 233- 
235. Since this important measure was adopted merely as an amendment to be 
included in the general collection of laws, it never took form as a separate act and 
hence does not appear among the individual acts passed in the Assembly session 
when it was approved. Its text is not to be found, therefore, in the pages of the 
manuscript Public Records of the State of Connecticut nor of volume V (1783-1784) 
of the present published series. 

35. The first Federal Census, in 1790, indicated that there were then 2,759 slaves 
in Connecticut and 2,801 free Negroes. 

36. Conn. State Records, VI, 472-473. 

37. Ibid., VII, 379. 

38. Ibid., VII, 379-380. 

39. Ibid., VII, 473 note. 



INTRODUCTION 



volume, May 1793, the lower house passed a bill declaring that after the 
rising of that Assembly all sales and transfers of slaves within the State 
^ere to be null and void. The Council dissented and the measure failed 
of passage.*'^ In October 1793 the House of Representatives appointed 
a committee to consider whether they should make further provision for 
the abolition of slavery but postponed action on a resulting bill, the terms 
of which are not specified in the journal.^^ 

By May 1794 the advocates of immediate abolition were eagerly press- 
ing for action. The Society for the Promotion of Freedom held a meeting 
in'^Hartford on the day the Assembly convened, at which the Reverend 
Theodore Dwight, secretary of the society, delivered the principal ad- 
dress.'*" Later in the month the lower house took up and passed a Bill for 
the Abolition of Slavery in This State and to Provide for the Education 
and Maintenance of Such as shall be Emancipated Thereby. "The practice 
of enslaving Negroes and people of Colour," the preamble declared, "which 
has been gradually introduced into this State is found by experience to 
have a direct and necessary tendency to keep their minds in Ignorance, is 
productive of immorality, degrading to the dignity of human nature, and 
destructive of the natural Rights which every member of an equal and 
just Government ought to enjoy." Therefore, no Negro, mulatto, or 
other person was to be held as a slave after April 1, 1795. The bill made 
provision for the support of disabled freedmen by their former masters, 
for educating the boys and girls, and for binding out the younger people 
for limited periods of time. All slaves of non-resident owners were to be 
sent out of the State.-*^ While this sweeping measure was under discus- 
sion in the lower house the Council was adopting a milder bill of its own, 
which was limited to the procedure to be followed when an individual 
owner undertook to emancipate his slave.'*'* P^ach house thereupon dis- 
sented from the bill originating in the other chamber and upon reconsidera- 
tion the Assembly voted to refer both measures to the next session.*^ 

The controversy over the sale of western lands and the appropriation 
of the proceeds was now at its height and one anonymous newspaper 
correspondent came forward in September with an ingenious suggestion 
linking that dual question with the proposed abolition of slavery. Why 
not. he said, use the avails of the land sales to purchase, free, and maintain 
the Negroes in Connecticut r**^ No one else, apparently, thought much of 



40. Assembly Journal, May 30, 1793; Conn. State Archives, Miscellaneous, Series 
II, I, 5*5. Another bill was presented at the same session requiring every owner to 
make a return of the slaves he held to the selectmen of the town, but the Assembly 
took no action on this proposal. Ibid., p. 54. 

41. Assembly Journal, Oct. 16, 30, 1793. 

42. Conn. Courant, May 12, 1794; American Mercury, May 12, 1794; Conn. 
Gazette, May 15, 1794. 

43. Conn. State Archives, Miscellaneous, Series II, I, 56. 

44. Ibid., p. 57. 

45. Assembly Journal, May 22, 23, 24, 27, 29, 30, 1794. 

46. American Mercury, Sept. 8, 1794. 



XX INTRODUCTION 

this idea. In fact, interest in abolition seemed to be on the wane. 
Whether preoccupation with the Appropriation Act controversy or 
a general cooling of ardor for emancipation was responsible for 
the changed attitude of the October Assembly cannot now be deter- 
mined. The record on the Abolition Bill is brief. The lower house took 
up the measure, discussed it paragraph by paragraph, and voted, without 
a roll call, to reject it.'*" So far as the Assembly Journal and the news- 
papers show, the Connecticut legislature did not take up the question of 
slavery again during the period covered by this volume. Not until 1848, 
indeed, did the State pass an act for immediate and total emancipation. 
By that time, under the provisions for gradual abolition adopted in 1784, 
there could be no slaves in Connecticut under the age of sixty-four. Just 
how many were left it would be difficult to say. The census of 1840 showed 
only seventeen slaves in the State ; eight years later there were probably 
very few survivors. 

Mention was made in the Introduction to Volume VI of these records 
of the tendency in the State toward subdivision in local government. 
Twenty new towns were incorporated between May 1785 and January 
1789.*^ Curiously, the process encountered interruption for a time and 
during a five-year period the Assembly created no new towns. Incorpora- 
tions began again in May 1794 with the creation of Sterling and continued 
during the next two years with the establishment of Plymouth, Wolcott, 
and Roxbury (pp. 168, 280, 417, 470 ). At the end of the period covered 
by the present volume there were 106 towns in Connecticut fully incor- 
porated and entitled to send representatives to the General Assembly, as 
compared to the 74 such towns at the time of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence twenty years before. 

Transportation within and between the towns of the State was increas- 
ingly a matter of concern. Highway traffic, both local and between towns, 
was expanding with the growth of commerce, but the State's roads were 
notoriously bad. Under the laws each town annually elected two sur- 
veyors of the highways who were empowered to call upon all inhabitants, 
with certain specified exceptions, to give at least two days' labor each 
year in working on the roads. Failure to report for work when called 
upon entailed fines which the surveyors might use to hire other men to 
perform the necessary tasks. '^^ The system was essentially medieval in 
origin and had become quite inadequate for the maintenance and repair- 
to say nothing of the improvement — of the highways in the State. A 
change in the system was becoming imperative. For a good many years 
the inhabitants of an individual town here and there had been asking for 
and receiving permission to tax themselves for the purpose of repairing 
their highways, and during the late 1780s and early 1790s such requests 
to the Assembly became increasingly common. When, in May 1795, no 
less than five towns asked for such permission at a single session the 



47. Assembly Journal, October 14, 16, 17, 1794. 

48. Conn. State Records, VI, xi-xii. 

49. Acts and Laws, 1784, pp. 94-95. 



INTRODUCTION 



Assembly decided that the time had come to make the right a general one. 
Accordingly, it passed an act authorizing each town to tax its inhabitants 
upon its list of polls and rateable estates for the repair of highways 
( pp. 255, 247) . At last the State had a system which, properly used, might 
enable each community to keep its local roads in passable condition. 

While the people of the towns were willing, in many cases, to tax 
themselves for maintaining their local highways, most of them felt quite 
differently about the roads which led from one town to another and which 
were likely to be used by "strangers" in transit quite as much as, or even 
more than, by residents. This reluctance was understandably strong in 
those towns through whose territories ran the chief highways connecting 
the urban centers of the State and those leading from the principal 
towns of Connecticut to communities outside the State. These roads were 
becoming increasingly arteries of long-distance traffic and their improve- 
ment was urgently needed. In common with her sister states Connec- 
ticut began, in the last decade of the eighteenth centurv, to resort for a 
solution of this problem to the device of turnpikes. 

"Turnpikes." writes the leading authority on the subject, "as distin- 
guished from the ordinary roads of the same time, were those on which 
gates barred the progress of the traveler, at which payments were 
demanded for the privilege of using the road."^*^ Strictlv speaking, the 
term "turnpike" applied specifically to the tollgate, since in the eighteenth 
century the barrier usually consisted of a turnstile made of four crossed 
bars or "pikes." By extension, however, the term came to be applied to 
the road itself upon the use of which the toll was levied. As the need for 
financing, improvement, and maintenance of roads in the United States 
of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries became more and 
more pressing, the various states came to rely increasingly upon the 
turnpike road especially for the through routes upon which traffic was 
heaviest. The first turnpike road in America led from Alexandria, 
Virginia, to Snicker's Gap iii the Blue Ridge Mountains. It was author- 
ized in 1785 and was put in operation the following year. The second 
was the Mohegan Road between New London and Norwich, which the 
Connecticut Assembly established in the May session 1792, and the 
third, likewise in Connecticut, was the old post road in Greenwich, 
authorized the following October. -"^^ 

From these early beginnings the turnpike system of this State de- 
veloped rapidly and extensively. Altogether Connecticut chartered 121 
turnpike companies before the close of 1853, when the building era ended, 
although by no means all the corporations carried through the projects 
for which they were created. The great period began with the years 
covered by the present volume. During 1793-1796 the Connecticut 
legislature took at least the first steps leading to the eventual creation of 

50. Frederic J. Wood, The Turnpikes of New England . . . (Boston, 1919), p. 3. 
This work includes a detailed discussion of tlie Connecticut turnpikes on pages 331- 
410, together with a map, on both of which we have relied heavily here. 

51. Ibid., pp. 7, 9. 10, 334-336; Conn. State Records, VII, 394-396, 536-537. 



INTRODUCTION 



eighteen turnpikes. Including the two roads established in 1792, the State 
had made a beginning on the first fifth of its ultimate system, the routes 
involved covering a total of approximately 525 miles. 

The two earliest turnpikes in the State were organized on an pld 
English model as enterprises to be managed wholly by public authority. 
Commissioners appointed initially by the Assembly and responsible to 
the county court were to effect improvements in existing highways and 
to erect and operate the tollgates. The Greenwich turnpike was ulti- 
mately taken over as a part of the larger system of the Connecticut 
Turnpike Company, but the IVIohegan Road remained under the county 
commissioners until the Assembly finally abolished the tollgate in 1852. 
The third turnpike road authorized in the State, planned in October 1794 
to run from Norwich through Lisbon and Plainfield to the Rhode Island 
state line in the town of Sterling, was also designed to be operated by 
countv commissioners. But funds for the necessary improvement were 
lacking and in the following May the legislature incorporated a group 
of private individuals under the name of the New London and Windham 
County Society to take over the road, spend £1200 on repairs, and then 
collect the tolls from the two gates they were authorized to maintain. 
They were to keep the road in condition at their own expense but might 
keep all net income until they had reimbursed themselves for all expendi- 
tures with interest at 12 percent per annum. Earlier in the same May 
session of 1795 the Oxford Turnpike Company had been incorporated 
for a road, not previously a toll road, between Southbury and the Housa- 
tonic River under essentially similar terms and conditions. 

These two acts of Assembly set the pattern for later incorporations 
and soon the procedure became standardized. At the request of petitioners 
or at its own instigation, the Assembly would usually appoint a committee 
to survey a given route and report on what alterations should be made 
to improve and straighten the road and whether turnpikes (i.e. tollgates) 
should be erected to finance its upkeep. Upon receipt and acceptance of 
the committee report the legislature usually declared the road, as altered, 
"an open and public highway" but with liberty of erecting one or more 
turnpikes on it. Then, at the same or a later session, when enterprising 
capitalists had come forward, the Assembly would incorporate them and 
authorize them to set up and operate the proposed turnpikes as soon as 
they had spent a stipulated sum in improving the road. This procedure, 
with occasional modifications, was observed throughout the period. Under 
it. the Connecticut Assembly by the end of 1796 had incorporated four 
turnpike companies, had accepted committee reports and decreed the 
establishment of turnpikes on six routes for which it had not yet incorpor- 
ated companies, and had appointed committees of survey for eight other 
roads from whom it had not yet received reports. 

These projects initiated up to the end of 1796 are indicated in the 
following tabulation. Page references indicate the location in the text 
of the major actions of the Assembly in each instance. On most of these 
pages footnotes will be found giving further details and, whenever pos- 
sible, indentifying the approximate course of the road by means of the 



INTRODUCTION XXlll 

present Connecticut or United States route numbers as shown on the 
1950 edition of the Ofificial Map of Connecticut.^^ 

A. Turnpike roads established before 1793: 

1. The Mohegan Road (New London to Norwich via Waterford 
and Montville). Established under commissioners May 1792. 
No turnpike company ever incorporated for this road. 

2. The Greenwich Road ( wholly within the town ) . Established 
October 1792. under commissioners. Included within grant to 
Saugatuck Turnpike Co., October 1797. and Connecticut Turn- 
pike Co., incorporated May 1806. 

B. Turnpike companies established 1793-1796 (this volume): 

1. Oxford Turnpike Company (Southbury, Oxford, Beacon 
Falls). Incorporated May 1795 (pp. 276-77). 

2. New London and Windham County Society (Norwich, Lisbon, 
Plainfield. Sterling, to Rhode Island line). Road established 
and turnpikes granted under commissioners, October 1794 ; 
company incorporated, May 1795 (pp. 219-20. 286-88). 

3. Hartford, New London, Windham, and Tolland County Turn- 
pike Society (Hartford, East Hartford, Manchester, Bolton, 
Andover, Columbia, Lebanon, Franklin, to Norwich; later re- 
duced to Bolton to Franklin section only). Incorporated Octo- 
ber 1795 (pp. 338-40,413). 

4. Norwalk and Danbury Turnpike Company ( Norwalk, Wilton. 
Redding. Bethel, Danbury). Incorporated October 1795 (pp. 
340-42 ) . 

C. Turnpikes authorised 1793-1796 but companies not incorporated 
until after 1796: 

1. Talcott Mountain Turnpike Company (Hartford, West Hart- 

ford, Avon, New Hartford). Laid out in connection with 
Greenwoods Road (see below) and turnpike granted. May 
179(1 ; company incorporated May 1798 (pp. 318-19, 396-402). 

2. Greenwoods Turnpike Company (New Hartford, Barkham- 
stead, Winchester, Colebrook, Norfolk, North Canaan, to Massa- 
chusetts state line). Laid out in connection with Talcott Moun- 
tain Road (see above) and turnpike granted. May 1796; com- 
pany incorporated October 1798 (pp. 318-19. 396-402). 

52. Official Map of Connecticut, 1950. Published jointly by the State Highway 
Department, the State Board of Fisheries and Game, the Connecticut Development 
Commission, and the State Park and Forest Commission. It should be understood 
that the references to route numbers are for general identification only. The well- 
engineered modern highways often deviate considerably from their predecessors, 
straightening curves and meanders, eliminating grades, or by-passing areas of close 
settlement. 



xxiv INTRODUCTION 

3. Saugatuck Turnpike Company (New Haven west to Byram 
River at New York state line). Road established and turnpikes 
granted, October 1796; company incorporated October 1797 
but never operated. Parts of route later operated by New Haven 
and Milford Turnpike Company, incorporated May 1802, and 

Connecticut Turnpike Company, incorporated May 1806, the 
latter absorbing turnpike in Greenwich established in 1792 
(pp. 456-57). 

4. Straits Turnpike Company (New Haven, Woodbridge, Beth- 
any. Naugatuck, Middlebury, Watertown, Morris, Litchfield). 
Road established and turnpike granted, October 1796; company 
incorporated, October 1797 (pp. 318, 456, 457). 

5. Boston Turnpike Company (Hartford, East Hartford, Man- 
chester, Bolton, Coventry. Mansfield, Ashford, Eastford, Pom- 
fret, Putnam. Thompson to Massachusetts state line). Road 
established and turnpikes granted. October 1796; company in- 
corporated, October 1797 (pp. 395, 458). 

6. New Haven (Dragon Bridge) to Rhode Island state line (via 
Guilford, Old Saybrook, Old Lyme, New London, Groton, 
Stonington, to Pawcatuck River). Committee report on Paw- 
catuck River to Guilford partially accepted, road established, 
and turnpike granted, October 1796. Portions of this road 
later controlled by New London and Lyme Turnpike Company, 
incorporated May 1807, and Groton and Stonington Turnpike 
Company, incorporated October 1811, but section between 
Connecticut River and New Haven never operated as a turnpike 
road (pp. 319, 484-85). 

D. Routes ordered surveyed hut no decisions reached by 1796: 

1. Windham to Providence via Canterbury and Plainfield. Com- 
mittee appointed. May 1795. Windham Turnpike Company 
incorporated. May 1799 (p. 292). 

2. Litchfield to Hartford, direct route. Committee appointed, 
October 1795. Litchfield and Harwinton Turnpike Company, 
incorporated October 1798, and Farmington and Bristol Turn- 
pike Company, incorporated May 1801, provided a communica- 
tion between Litchfield and Hartford (pp. 316-17, 394). 

3. Norwich to Woodstock via Lisbon, Canterbury, Brooklyn, and 
Pomfret. Committee appointed October 1795. Norwich and 
Woodstock Turnpike Company incorporated, May 1801 (p. 
318). 

4. Litchfield to Canaan. Committee appointed to survey in con- 
nection with Straits Turnpike project (see above) October 
1795. Canaan and Litchfield Turnpike Company incorporated 
May 1799 (pp. 318, 394, 456). 

5. Middletown to New London. Committee appointed October 
1795. Colchester and Chatham Turnpike Company incorporated 



INTRODUCTION XXV 

October 1808 for road connecting at Colchester with Hartford- 
New London turnpike road, provided communication between 
Connecticut River, opposite Middletown, and New London (p. 
317). 

6. Hartford to New London via Glastonbury, Marlborough, Col- 
chester, Salem, and W'aterford. Committee appointed May 1796. 
Hartford and New London Turnpike Company incorporated 
1800 (p. 395). 

7. Litchfield to Derby. Committee appointed May 1796. No turn- 
pike company for just this route was ever incorporated (p. 392 ) . 

8. Hartford to Middletown. Committee appointed October 1796. 
Part of route included in larger project of Middlesex Turnpike 
Company (Wethersfield to Saybrook) incorporated May 1802 
p. 455). 

Thus Connecticut began her turnpike system during the years here 
under consideration. Comparison of these routes with the present main 
highways of the State suggests how similar were the chief avenues of 
overland transportation in the early turnpike era and those of the modern 
age of motor truck and speeding passenger car. And in one other respect 
the problems of the two great periods of road building run parallel. 
Connecticut's citizens of a century and a half ago would have been amazed 
at the engineering of the State's great new through artery, the Merritt 
and Wilbur Cross Parkways, but they would have readily understood 
and thoroughly approved the decision that these should be toll roads, 
their cost returnable in principle through payments by those who use 
them. 

There are many evidences in this volume, both implicit and explicit, 
that the years 1793-1796 were a period of economic prosperity in Connec- 
ticut. In spite of commercial difficulties with Great Britain, chiefly grow- 
ing out of the European War, business was generally good. New enter- 
prises began to appear in the State, although only a few of them required 
action by the Assembly and so find mention in the official records. The 
number of banks in Connecticut increased from three to five with the in- 
corporation of financial institutions in Middletown and Norwich (pp. 310, 
374 J . A group of optimistic promotors undertook to improve the Housa- 
tonic River between Carleton's Bridge in Newtown and the Still River 
in New Milford by clearing out obstructions to navigation and by building 
locks in return for the right to collect tolls (p. 533). Another group 
received permission to spend their own money for improving navigation 
on the Scantic River (p. 332). These actions reenforce the impression 
strongly created by the mcorporation of four turnpike companies and the 
adoption of preliminary measures looking to the creation of many others 
that Connecticut businessmen had capital to invest and were not afraid 
to embark on new and expensive projects. Negatively also, the picture 
of "good times" finds some confirmation from the sharp drop in insolv- 
encies during these years. From the high number of thirteen individual 
acts of insolvency passed in 1791 and the peak figure of twenty-one in 
1792., the numbers declined to eleven in 1793, five in 1794, and six in 



XXVI INTRODUCTION 

each of the two remaining years covered by this volume. ^"^ Governor 
Huntington seems to have been justified when, in his closing address to 
the Assembly in October 1795, he referred to "the prosperous situation 
of the State" (p. 100 note). Huntington's successor, Oliver Wolcott, ex- 
pressed the same view the following May in his first speech as governor, 
when he announced his satisfaction at finding the State upon his accession 
"in the enjoyment of great and unusual prosperity" (p. 361 note.) 

This economic improvement brought in its train one annoying develop- 
ment ; a sharp rise in the cost of living. As usual in such cases, the chief 
victims were those on fixed and established salaries and wages, including, 
of course, the officers and employees of the State. Complaints began to 
come in to the Assembly, among the earliest being, significantly, from 
the treasurer and the comptroller (pp. 270, 428), although ultimately 
they came from as far down in the ranks as the guards at Newgate 
Prison (p. 378). The assistants and representatives responded with a 
series of scattered individual boosts in pay to various public servants, 
including themselves (p. 314), and then in May 1796 enacted a general 
increase of one third in officials' salaries (p. 370). Except in its specific 
details, the story is not an unfamiliar one to readers of these records a 
century and a half later. 

One final matter in the realm of general financial concern is deserving 
of notice here. As English colonists, the Americans had been accustomed, 
from the first settlements, to reckoning money and keeping accounts in 
terms of English currency — pounds, shillings, pence, and farthings — 
regardless of whether the actual medium of exchange was wampum, tobac- 
co, Spanish pieces of eight, or paper bills of credit. The achievement 
of independence did not of itself change habits so deeply rooted in the 
people's past, and in spite of the adoption by the Continental Congress 
of various resolutions and ordinances in favor of establishing a uniform 
decimal system and in spite of the use of the dollar as the unit for the 
continental currency of the Revolution, nearly all individuals, and many 
public bodies as well, continued to transact financial business in terms of 
the familiar English units. At last, in April 1792, Congress adopted 
Alexander Hamilton's recommendations and passed the Mint Act, which 
established our now standard decimal system of "dollars or units, dimes 
or tenths, cents or hundredths," and authorized the minting of coins. 
Slowly, but very slowly, the new system came into familiar usage. Connec- 
ticut continued to appropriate its officers' salaries in pounds until May 
1795, when it began to express the grants in dollars.*^"* In October 1795, 
when approving for publication a revised edition of the collected acts and 
laws, the Assembly ordered that all monetary sums in the new compilation 
be stated in "dollars, cents, and parts of a cent" in accordance with a 



53. The temporary freedoms from arrest for debt dropped proportionately even 
more sharply: 13 each in 1791 and 1792, 2 in 1793, 3 each in 1794 and 1795. and 4 
in 17%. 

54. For example, in October 1794 Governor Huntington received £150 "lawful 
money" for his half-year's salary and in May 1795 was voted $500. Lieutenant 
Governor Wolcott's £50 semi-annual grant similarly became $166.67. See below 
pp. 225, 302. 



INTRODUCTION XXVU 

conversion table and accompanying instructions to the committee (pp. 
330-31). Thereafter the legislature generally used these terms in public 
business, although the private petitions which came before it usually con- 
tinued to refer to the old English units. Indeed, it was many years before 
the people of the State had completely abandoned in daily usage these 
symbols of their British past. 



The records of the Assembly printed in this volume consist of pages 
53-442 of volume V of the manuscript State Records of Connecticut. 
Pages 337-341 and 399-401. comprising indexes to the sessions of May 
and October 1796, are omitted because of the inclusion of a more compre- 
hensive index in the present work. There are also printed as an appendix 
the unnumbered pages of the manuscript "Book of Records of the Resolves 
& other Doings of the Governor & Council of the State of Connecticut 
begun in May Session A.D. 1785," which cover the meetings of the 
Governor and Council in their executive and administrative capacity 
during the years with which this volume is concerned. The manuscripts 
of both sets of records are located in the Connecticut State Library. This 
volume is published under the general auspices of the State Library Com- 
mittee and is made possible by an appropriation voted by the General 
Assembly and included in the budget of the State Library. 

In preparing this volume for the press the editors have made extensive 
use of the manuscript Journals of the House of Representatives and of 
the leading contemporary newspapers of the State. Unfortunately the 
Council kept no journal in its capacity as an upper house of the Assembly 
and its meetings were not open to the public. Hence much of what we 
should like to know of the transactions of that thoroughly conservative 
body and of the controversies between it and the House of Representatives 
can be gathered only by oblique reference elsewhere or by inference, and 
the full account of the political contests of the times can therefore never 
be written. The newspapers, and particularly the letters which they 
printed, shed a great deal of light on the major issues of the day and 
on the attitudes of the citizens. Only once, however, did the papers really 
extend themselves to give a full report of a debate in the House of Repre- 
sentatives. The account in the leading papers of the discussion on May 
16, 1794, about repealing the Appropriation Act, spread out over several 
issues though it was, would do credit to any Connecticut journalist of 
the present day.^"* In general, the newspapers are an indispensable source 
for any one interested in investigating the political activities of Connec- 
ticut in the period. Since the official records contain, with only the rarest 
exceptions, simply an account of positive actions taken by the two houses 
in concurrence, it has seemed wise to continue the practice started in 
the last previous volume of inserting at the beginning of the record of 
each session a brief note mentioning the most important matters which 



55. Conn. Couranf. Mav 19, 26, June 2, 1794; American Mercury, May 19. 27, 
June 2, 1794; Conn, .founwl, May 2S, June 5, 1794; Conn. Gacctfc, May 29, 1794. 



XXVIll INTRODUCTION 

came up but which did not result in affirmative action. This information 
is drawn from the Assembly Journal, the manuscript State Archives, and 
the newspapers. On both the positive accomplishments of the Assembly 
and those proposals which failed of joint approval the interested reader 
should consult the appropriate volumes of the Connecticut State Archives 
deposited in the State Library. For the years 1793-1796 they are as 
follows : 

Civil Officers, 2d Series, vols. 2-4, 6, 8-10, 13, 14, 20-24 

Colleges and Schools, 2d Series, vols. 1-3 

Colonial Boundaries, 1st Series, vol. 3 

Colonial and State Boundaries. 2d Series, vol. 1 

Corporations. 1st Series, vols. 1-2 

Crimes and Misdemeanors, 2d Series, vols. 1-5 

Ecclesiastical Affairs, 2d Series, vols. 1-6 

Estates of Deceased Persons, 1st Series, vols. 1, 2, 4-16, 18, 20, 22 

Estates of Incompetent Persons, 1st Series, vols. 1-5 

Estates of Minors, 1st Series, vols. 1-11 

Finance and Currency. 2d Series, vols. 1-16 

Indians, 2d Series, vols. 1-2 

Industry. 2d .Series, vols. 1-3 

Insolvent Debtors. 2d Series, vols. 1-13 

Lotteries and Divorces, 2d Series, vols. 1-2 

Militia, 3d Series, vols. 1, 2, 5, 6 

Miscellaneous. 2d Series, vols. 1-2 

Revolution, 2d Series, vols. 5, 25, 51, 55 

Susquehanna Settlers; Western Lands, 1st Series, vol. 1; 2d Series, 

vol. 1 
Towns and Lands. 2d Series, vols. 1-5 
Trade and Maritime Affairs, 2d Series, vols. 1-2 
Travel, 2d Series, vols. 1-8, 10-17. 

Miss Catherine Fennelly, Assistant to the State Historian, has tran- 
scribed the text for the printer and has prepared the large majority of 
the footnotes. The State Historian has written the rest of the footnotes 
and this Introduction. Both editors have made extensive use of the 
facilities of the Yale University Library, for which we wish to express 
our appreciation. Our warmest thanks are also due to the staff of the 
Connecticut State Library, especially to Mr. James Brewster, State Li- 
brarian, and to Miss Marjorie E. Case, Head of the Department of Local 
History and Genealogy. Their help has been as generously given as it 
has been indispensable. 

L.W.L. 



STATE OF CONNECTICUT 

At a General Assembly of the State of Connecticut in America, 
HoLDEN at Hartford in said State, on the second Thursday of 
May, being the ninth Day of said Month, and Continued by 
Adjournments from day to day untill the 31st Day of May 
Aforesaid A Domm 1793.^ 

Present at the opening oj the Assembly 

His Excellency Samuel Huntington Esquire Governor. 

The Honorable Oliver Wolcott Esquire Lieutenant Governor. 



William Williams 


Esqr ] 


Benjamin Huntington 


Esqr 1 


Joseph Piatt Cook 


Esqr 1 


Stephen M. Mitchell 


Esqr 1 


William Hillhouse 


Esqr 1 


John Treadwell 


Esqr }- Assistants 


James Davenport 


Esqr 


Roger Newberry 


Esqr 


Heman Swift 


Esqr 


John Chandler 


Esqr 


Jonathan IngersoU 


Esqr 



Representatives of the Freemen of the several Tozvns in this State ivho 
attended this Asssembly are as follow vis — 

Mr Thomas Seymour Chosen Assist,^ Mr. Jonathan Bull, for Hartford 
Mr Roger Wells, Mr Ezekiel P Belden. for Weathersfield 
Mr Noadiah Hooker, Mr William Judd, for Earmington 
Mr Samuel Hale, Mr Gideon Granger Jr, for Suffield 



1. The outbreak of war in Europe was reflected in the activities of this session, 
although not in this record. The Assembly approved the governor's issuing a 
proclamation enjoining observance of President Washington's proclamation of 
neutrality ; considered, but did not pass, a bill concerning the war, the contents 
of which were not specified ; and negatived a proposal to mount cannon at the 
port of New London. Aspects of the slavery question also came up for consideration 
but without affirmative action. One proposed bill would have required all owners 
of slaves in the State to make returns of their slaves to the selectmen of the towns 
in which they resided. Another bill would have declared null and void all sales and 
transfers of slaves within the State after the end of the session. The lower house 
passed this bill but the Council refused to concur. 

2. "The Speaker being chosen an Assistant took his leave of the House and left the 
Chair whereupon the House chose Uriah Tracy Esqr Speaker, & Joshua Coit & 
Zephaniah Swift Clerks who were sworn." Journal of the Connecticut Assembly, 
May 1791-May 1808 (hereafter cited as Assembly Journal), May 10, 1793. The 
microfilm copy of the Journal has been used. 



2 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

Mr Jonathan Brace, Mr Howell Woodbridge, for Glastonbury 
Mr Daniel Humphry Mr Reuben Humphry, for Symsbury 
Mr Timothy Clark, Mr Ashbel Cowles, for Southington 

, Mr Frederick Elsworth, for East Windsor 

Mr Jonathan Wells, Mr Elisha Pitkin, for East Hartford 
Mr Amos Hosford, Mr Gad Stanley, for Berlin 
Mr Henry AUyn, Mr Oliver Mather, for Windsor 
Mr Eliphalet Terry, Mr John Reynolds, for Enfield 

Mr Pliny Hillyer, , for Granby 

Mr Abraham Pettibone, , for Bristol 

Mr David Daggett, Mr William Hillhouse, for New Haven 

Mr Augustus Collins, Mr Andrew Ward, for Guilford 

Mr Simeon Parsons, Mr Dan Parmely. for Durham 

Mr Andrew Hull. Mr Andrew Hull Junr, for Cheshire 

Mr Edward Russell, Mr Timothy Hoadley, for Branford 

Mr Gideon Buckingham, Mr Stephen Gunn, for Milford 

Mr Samuel Woodruff, Mr John McCleave, for Wallingford 

Mr Thomas Clark. Mr Samuel Hull, for Derby 

Mr Samuel Osborn, Mr Roger Peck, for Woodbridge 

Mr Joseph Hopkins, Mr Isaac Brunson, Junr, for Waterbury 

Mr Simeon Bristol, , for Hamden 

Mr Josiah Bradley, , for East Haven 

Mr Samuel Mix, , for North Haven 

Mr Marvin Wait, Mr Joshua Coit, for New London 

Mr Henry Champion Jr. Mr Eliphalet Bulkley. for Colchester 

Mr Joseph Williams, Mr John Backus, for Norwich 

Mr Sanuiel Mather. Mr James Huntley, for Lyme 

Mr Samuel Mott. Mr Nathaniel Lord, for Preston 

Mr Charles Phelps, Mr Latham Hull for Stonington 

Mr Simeon Smith, Mr Nathan Gallup, for Groton 

Mr Joseph Chester, , for Montville 

Mr Thomas Hyde, , for Franklin 

Mr Samuel Lovett, , for Lisbon 

Mr William Throop, , for Bozrah 

Mr Andrew Rowland. Mr David Burr, for Fairfield 

Mr Abijah McEwen. Mr Zachariah Coe. for Stratford 

Mr John Beach, Mr William Edmond, for Newtown 

Mr Hezekiah Sanford, Mr Andrew L Hill, for Reading 

Mr John Davenport, Mr Benja Scofield, for Stamford 

Mr Elisha Whittlesey, Mr Justus Barnum, for Danbury 

Mr Joshua King, Mr David Olmsted, for Ridgfield 

Mr John McKay. Mr Benja Mead, for Greenwich 

Mr James Potter, Mr Nehemiah Beardsley, for New Fairfield 

Mr Thomas Belden. Mr Samuel Comstock, for Norwalk 

Mr David Judson. Mr Ebenezer Beach, for Huntington 

Mr Amos Wheeler, for Brookfield 

Mr Samuel Wakeman, for Weston 

Mr Zephaniah Swift. Mr Hezekiah Ripley, for Windham 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 3 

Mr Thomas Grosvenor Chosen Assistant, Mr John Trowbridge, for 

Pomfret 
Mr Elkanah Tisdale, Mr Peleg Thomas, for Lebanon 
Mr Constant Southworth, Mr Jesse \\' illiams, for Mansfield 
Mr John McLellan, Mr John Fox, for Woodstock 
Mr Simeon Smith, Mr Eseck Saunders, for Ashford 
Mr William Pierce, Mr Timothy Lester, for Plainfield 
Mr Eleazer Moffatt, Mr Isaac Hutchins, for Killingley 
Mr John Gaston, Mr Samuel Robbins, for Voluntown 

Mr James Eldridge, , for Brooklyn 

Mr Israel Smith, , for Thompson 

Mr Thomas Stedman, , for Hampton 

Mr Moses Cleaveland, Mr Luther Payne, for Canterbury 

Mr Uriah Tracy, Mr John Allen, for Litchfield 

Mr Hezekiah Fitch, Mr Adonijah Strong, for Salisbury 

Mr Nathaniel Preston, Mr Nathaniel Smith, for Woodbury 

Mr Adino Hale, Mr Samuel Hopkins, for Goshen 

Mr Thomas Fenn, Mr Joseph A W^right, for Watertown 

Mr Judson Canfield, Mr John C Smith, for Sharon 

Mr Aaron Austin, Mr Uriel Holmes Jur, for New Hartford 

Mr Charles Burrall Jr, Mr Nathaniel Stevens, for Canaan 

Mr John Sedgwick, Mr Isaac Swift, for Cornwall 

Mr Josiah Starr 2d, Mr Noble Hine, for New Milford 

Mr Uriel Holmes, Mr Eleazer Ensign, for Hartland 

Mr Elisha Smith, Mr Shubael Griswold, for Torrington 

Mr Giles Pettibone, Mr Asahel Humphry, for Norfolk 

Mr Josiah Phelps, Mr Daniel Catlin, for Harwington 

Mr Peter Pratt, , for Kent 

Mr Hewit Hills, , for W' inchester 

Mr Daniel N Brinsmade, Mr David Whittlesey, for Washington 

Mr Justice Johnson, , for Southbury 

Mr Nathaniel Swift , for Warren 

Mr David Ambler, , for Bethlem 

Mr Asher Miller Chosen Assistant, Mr Elijah Hubbard, for Middletown 

Mr Timothy Starkey, Mr Jonathan Lay, for Saybrook 

Mr Cornelius Higgins, Mr Ezra Brainerd, for Haddam 

Mr Joseph W'ilcox, Mr Abraham Pierson, for Killingworth 

Mr Epaphroditus Champion, Mr Isaac Spencer, for East Haddam 

Mr Hezekiah Goodrich, Mr Chauncey Bulkley, for Chatham 

Mr Jeremiah W^est, Mr Samuel Ladd, for Tolland 

Mr Silvester Gilbert, Mr Joel Jones, for Hebron 

Mr Oliver King, Mr Saul Alvord, for Bolton 

Mr Reuben Sykes, Mr Abiel Pease, for Somers 

Mr John Phelps, Mr Jesse Cady, for Stafford 

Mr Jeremiah Ripley, Mr John Hale, for Coventry 

Mr Minor Grant, Mr John Johnson, for W^illington 

Mr Levi Wells, , for Ellington 

Mr Abijah Sessions for Union 



4 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

Uriah Tracy Esquire Speaker ] of the House 

Zephaniah Swift Esquire Clerk \ of 

Joshua Coit Esquire Clerk J Representatives 

This Day being appointed by the Laws of the said State of Connecticut 
for the Election of the PubHc Officers of the same viz the Governor Lieu- 
tenant Governor Assistants Treasurer and Secretary, Proclamation was 
made in the manner accustomed, and then the Votes of the Freemen of the 
State were given in to the Persons appointed by both Plouses of the 
Assembly to receive sort and Count them, and publickly to declare the 
Names of such Persons as shall be chosen to the Offices aforementioned 
according to Law, which Persons so appointed are, William Williams 
Esqr. Benjamin Huntington Esqr. Joseph Piatt Cook Esqr., Stephen M 
Mitchell Esqr. \\'illiam Hillhouse Esqr John Treadwell Esqr. James 
Davenport Esqr Roger Newberry Esqr. Heman Swift Esqr. John Chand- 
ler Esqr. Jonathan Ingersol Esqr Mr Jonathan Brace Mr Howel Wood- 
bridge Mr EHsha Pitkin Mr Simeon Bristol Mr David Daggett Mr Gideon 
Buckingham Mr Latham Hull Mr Joseph Williams Mr Joshua Coit Mr 
John Davenport Mr William Edmonds Mr Joshua King Mr Hezekiah 
Ripley Mr John McClellan Mr Simeon Smith Mr John Allen, Mr John 
Sedgwick, Mr Adonijah Strong Mr Elijah Hubbard Mr Isaac Spencer 
Mr Abraham Pierson Mr Silvester Gilbert Mr Joel Jones and Mr John 
Hale, who were all Present and sworn by His Excellency the Governor 
to a faithfuU discharge of the Trust aforesaid. And the Votes of the Free- 
men being brott in sorted and Counted by the Persons aforenamed and 
appointed as aforesaid. 

His Excellenc}' .Samuel Huntington Esqr is Chosen and publicly 
declared to be Governor of this State of Connecticut for the Year ensuing. 

The Honorable Oliver Wolcott Esqr is Chosen and publicly declared 
to be Lieutenant Governor of this State of Connecticut for the Year 
ensuing. 

William Williams Esqr Joseph Piatt Cook Esqr, William Hillhouse 
Esqr John Treadwell Esqr, James Davenport Esqr Roger Newberry 
Esqr, Heman Swift Esqr. John Chandler Esqr. Jonathan Ingersol Esqr 
Asher Miller Esqr, Thomas Grosvenor Esqr & Thomas Seymour Esqr, 
were Chosen and Publickly declared to be Assistants for the Year ensuing. 

Peter Colt Esqr is Chosen and Publicly declared to be Treasurer of 
this State for the Year ensuing.^ 

George Wyllys Esqr is Chosen and publicly declared to be Secretary of 
this State for the Year ensuing. 



3. See below, p. 19. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 5 

The Governors Oath appointed by the Law of this State was duely 
administred to His Excellency Samuel Huntington Esqr now Chosen 
Governor of this State of Connecticut, who thereupon took his Seat in 
the Assembly accordingly. 

The Lieut Governor's Oath appointed by the Law of this State was 
duely administred to the Honorable Oliver Wolcott Esqr now Chosen 
Lieut Governor of this State of Connecticut who thereupon took his Seat 
in the Assembly accordingly. 

The Assistants Oath appointed by the Law of this State was duely 
administred to William Williams, Joseph Piatt Cook \\^illiam Hillhouse 
John Treadwell James Davenport, Roger Newberry, Heman Swift, John 
Chandler, Jonathan Ingersol Asher Miller Thomas Grosvenor and 
Thomas Seymour Esqrs. now Chosen Assistants in and over this State 
of Connecticut for the Year ensuing who took their Seats in the Assembly 
accordingly. 

The Secretarys Oath appointed by the Law of this State was duely 
administred to George A\'yllys Esqr now Chosen Secretary of the State 
aforesaid. 

Ordered that the Honorable Thomas Seymour & Reuben Sikes Esqr. 
return the Thanks of this Assembly to the Revd. Charles Backus, for his 
Sermon delivered on the late anniversary Election in this State and desire 
a Copy thereof that it may be printed.* 

This Assembly do appoint the Honorable Andrew Adams Esqr to be 
Chief Judge of the Superior Court in and over this State the Year 
ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble Jesse Root, Jonathan Sturges, 
Benjamin Huntington & Asher Miller Esquires to be Judges of the Su- 
perior Court in and over this State the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble Stephen M Mitchell Esqr to be 
Judge of the County Court within & for the County of Hartford the 
Year ensuing. 



4. A Sermon Preached Before His Excellency Samuel Huntington Esqr. LL.D. 
Governor, And The Honorable The General Assembly of The State of Connecticut 
. . .May 9th, 1793 (Hartford. 1793.) The subject of this sermon was the importance 
of Christian virtue to the civil ruler. The Rev. Charles Backus, 1749-1803, B.A. 
Yale, 1769, honorary D.D., Williams, 1801, was pastor of the church in Somers. 
Ordained in 1774. he opened in his house a theological school, where during his 
career he trained fifty young men for the clergy. He was offered a chair in theology 
at Dartmouth and in divinity at Yale, both of which he declined. William W. Backus, 
A Genealogical Memoir of the Backus Fajnily . . . (Norwich, Conn., 1889), p. 122; 
Franklin Bowditch Dexter, Biographical Sketches of the Graduates of Yale College, 
HI (New York, 1903), 310-316. 



6 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

This Assembly do appoint Samuel Bishop Esqr to be Judge of the 
County Court in and for the County of New Haven the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble William Hillhouse to be Judge 
of the County Court in and for the County of New London the Year 
ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble Joseph Piatt Cook to be Judge 
of the County Court in and for the County of Fairfield the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble W'illiam Williams to be Judge 
of the County Court in and for the County of Windham the year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Joshua Porter Esqr. to be Judge of the 
County Court in and for the County of Litchfield the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint William Heart Esqr to be Judge of the 
County Court in and for the County of Middlesex the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Gilbert Esqr. to be Judge of the 
County Court in and for the County of Tolland the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Jonathan Bull Esqr. to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the District of Hartford the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Samuel Bishop Esqr. to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the District of New Haven the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint William Hillhouse Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the District of New London the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Andrew Rowland Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the District of Fairfield the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint W^illiam Williams Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the District of Windham the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble Oliver Wolcott Esqr to be Judge 
of the Court of Probate for the District of Litchfield the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Asher Miller Esqr to be judge of the 
Court of Probate for the District of Middletown the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint John Douglas Esqr to be Judge of the Court 
of Probate for the District of Plainfield the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Edward Russsell Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the District of Guilford the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Daniel Sherman Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the District of Woodbury the Year ensuing. 

This xA.ssembly do appoint John Davenport Jun Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the District of Stamford the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Joseph P Cook Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the District of Danbury the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Isaac Spencer Jun Esqr. to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the District of East Hadam the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Andrew Huntington Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the District of Norwich the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Thomas Grosvenor Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the District of Pomfret the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Joshua Porter Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the District of Sharon the Year ensuing. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 7 

This Assembly do appoint John Phelps Esqr to be Judge of the Court 
of Probate for the District of Stafford the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Noah Phelps Esqr to be Judge of the Court 
of Probate for the District of Symsbury the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Charles Phelps Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the District of Stonington the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint John Tredvvell Esqr. to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the District of Farmington the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Oliver Stanley Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the District of Wallingford the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Hezekiah Lane Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the District of Saybrook the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Robert Walker to be Judge of the Court of 
Probate for the District of Stratford the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Erastus Wolcott Junr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the District of East Windsor the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Joseph Hopkins Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the District of Waterbury the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Giles Pettibone Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the District of Norfolk the Year ensuing. 

This Asssembly do appoint Daniel Everet Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the District of New Milford the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Samuel Gilbert Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the District of Hebron the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint John Dickinson Esqr to be Judge of Probate 
in and for the District of Midletown for the Year ensuing, in the room 
of Asher Miller Esqr resigned. 

This Assembly do appoint John Treadwell Esqr. to be Justice of the 
Quorum, John Chester Esqr to be Justice of the Peace & Quorum and 
Roger Newberry Esqr to be Justice of the Quorum in and for the County 
of Hartford the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint George Wyllys. John Lawrence Noah Web- 
ster, Jonathan Bull Samuel Wyllys William Mosely John Trumbull 
Nathan Haynes Whiting Thomas Youngs Seymour, Chauncey Goodrich 
William Imlay, John Robbins Charles Churchell Samuel William 
Williams, Henry Allyn Oliver Elsworth, Solomon Griswold Alexander 
Wolcott Junr, Hezekiah Bissell, Oliver Mather Noadiah Hooker Ichabod 
Norton William Judd, John Mix, Daniel Humphry Noah Phelps Dudley 
Pettibone Reuben Humphry Moses Case, Gideon Granger, Thadeus 
Leavitt Amos Granger Oliver Phelps Eliphalet Terry. John Reynolds. 

Josiah Hale Elizur Hale Jonathan Brace John Curtiss. 

Timothy Clark Mark Harrison Erastus Wolcott, William Wolcott, 
Frederick Elsworth, Erastus Wolcott Junr Roswell Grant George Pitkin 
Jonathan Wells Elisha Pitkin Ashbel Pitkin Richard Pitkin Timothy 
Cheney Selah Hart Isaac Lee, Gad Stanley. Solomon Dunham Simeon 
Hart Zebulon Peck Junr Joseph Byington Asahel Holcomb Ozias Petti- 
bone Judah Holcomb Jun Pliny Hillyer Andrew Hillyer Joseph Forward, 



8 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

Timothy Pitkin Jr Nathaniel Terry Abiel Griswold, Asahel Hatheway 
Joseph Bulkley & Josiah Bissell Esquires to be Justices of the Peace in 
and for the County of Hartford for the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Joseph Hopkins Andrew Ward, Gideon 
Buckingham & Simeon Bristol Esqrs, Justices of the Peace and Quorum 
in and for the County of New Haven the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Samuel Bishop, David Austin, Timothy 
Jones, Henry Dagget Nehemiah Smith, James Hillhouse Stephen Ball 
Joseph Darling, W' illiam Joseph W^hiting Joseph Bradley Ephraim Strong, 
Lewiss Mallett Stephen Gunn Eliphalet Hotchkiss, Thomas Clark John 
Humphry, A\^ebb Tomlinson Levi Tomlinson, John Welton, John Lewiss 
Junr, Phineas Porter, Ethel Brunson Reuben At water, Samuel Beach, 
John Peck, Oliver Stanley Caleb Cook Samuel Whiting Brenton Hall, 
Eliakim Hall Junr Simeon Parsons, Dan Parmely Augustus Collins 
Thomas Burges Junr William Starr, Elias Graves Miles Munger, William 
Gould Edward Russel Ebenezer Russell, Jonah Clark, John Russell, 
Josiah Bradley Samuel Davenport John Dibble, David French, Thomas 
Darling, Bazel Munson John Hubbard Thomas Mansfield Joseph Pier- 
point Samuel W^oodruft John McLeave Henry Hill Jonathan Todd 
Samuel Mix & Charles Chauncey Esqrs. Justices of the Peace in and for 
the County of New Haven the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint William Noyes Charles Phelps Benjamin 
Coit and Marvin Wait Esqrs, to be Justices of the Peace & Quorum in 
and for the County of New London the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Timothy Green. Joshua Coit Griswold Avery, 
Joseph Harriss Thomas Shaw Jeremiah Gates Brainerd. George Williams 
Simon Tracy, Elijah Backus, Christopher Lefifingwell Samuel Tracy 
Rufus Lathrop Samuel Leffingwell, Jonathan Huntington, John McClar- 
ren Breed Andrew Tracy Benja Huntington Junr Elisha Hyde Andrew 
Huntington Samuel Mott John Tyler Jeremiah Halsey, Elias Brown 
Daniel Morgan Junr. John Williams Nathaniel Minor Jonathan Palmer 
Junr, William Williams of Stonington, Joshua Babcock Elijah Palmer, 
Joshua Prentice Latham Hull Ebenezer Ledyard, Thomas Northrup Niles 
Amos Geer, Thomas Avery, Stephen Billings Charles Eldridge Junr 
Ezra Selden Richard West Seth Ely Andrew Griswold Matthew Gris- 
wold Junr John Watrous Daniel Foot Asa Foot David Kilborn Henry 
Champion Jmir, Eliphalet Bulkley Nehemiah Waterman Junr Benjamin 
Throop, Ebenezer Hartshorn, Eli Hyde, John Perkins Ezra Bishop, John 
Griswold Hillhouse, Joshua Raymond Nathaniel Lord, Frederick Allen 
David Fitkins Sill, Oliver Crary Ebenezer Lathrop & Zebulon Waterman 
Esqrs. Justices of the Peace in and for the County of New London the Year 
ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble John Chandler, Justice of the 
Quorum Lemuel' Sanford & Philip B Bradley Justices of the Peace and 
Quorum, and the Honble James Davenport Justice of the Quorum for 
the County of Fairfield the Year ensuing. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 9 

This Assembly do appoint Robert Walker Abijah McEwen Daniel 
Judson, Jabez Huntington Tomlinson Philip Nichols Abijah Starling 
Abraham Brinsmade Daniel Fairchild Andrew Rowland, Joseph Strong 
Joseph Noyes David Allen, Ebenezer Jessup Dudley Baldwin, George 
Burr Thaddeus Betts Eliphalet Lock wood. Job Bartram Matthew Mead, 
Samuel Cook Silliman, John Davenport Junr, Charles Webb, Reuben 
Scoiield Jabez Fitch Amos Mead, John McKay Benjamin Mead, John 
Benedict, Daniel Cooley Ezekiel Willson, Eli Mygatt, Elislia Whittlesey, 
Thomas Taylor, Thaddeus Benedict of Danbury William Edmund Jabez 
Botsford David Baldwin Nehemiah Beardsley James Potter, Dan Towner, 
Thadeus Benedict of Redding Andrew L Hill Samuel Wakeman, John 
Sherwood Daniel Duncan Samuel B Sherwood Henry Peck, Joseph Smith, 
Elisha Mills, Daniel Bennet Deodate Silliman Ebenezer Beach & Amos 
Wheeler Esqrs. Justices of the Peace in and for the County of Fairfield 
the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Ebenezer Devotion Constant Southworth 
Esqrs. Justices of the Peace and Quorum the Honble Thomas Grosvenor 
a Justice of Quorum and James Gordon Esqr. a Justice of Peace & Quorum 
within and for the County of Windham for the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Hezekiah Manning, Hezekiah Ripley, 
Zephaniah Swift Timothy Larabee Jabez Clark, Samuel Gray, Jonathan 
Trumbull John Clark James Pinneo Elkanah Tisdale Peleg Thomas Jere- 
miah Mason, Daniel Tilden Elisha Perkins William Dixon Andrew Backus, 
John Douglas, Joshua Dunlap Anthony Bradford Eliasheb Adams Shere- 
biah Butt, Daniel Frost, Moses Cleaveland Elisha Payne Allen Campbell 
Joseph Wylie John Gaston, Benja Dowe, John Williams Eemuel Ingalls, 
John Salter Experience Storrs, Jesse Williams, Elisha Child Jedidiah 
Morse Natlianiel Marcey John McClellan Benjamin Sumner Isaac Perkins 
Simeon Smith Sampson Howe Eleazer Mottatt James Danielson Jason 
Phipps Thomas Dike Thaddeus Learned Joseph Baker Joseph Scar- 
borough Ebenezer Mosely, Isaac Bennit Nehemiah Child & Luther Payne 
Esqrs. Justices of the Peace within and for Windham County the Year 
ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble Eliphalet Dyer a Justice of Peace 
for the County of Windham the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble. Heman Swift Esqr Justice of the 
Quorum and Aaron Austin of New Hartford Nathan Hale and David 
Smith Esqrs. Justices of the Peace & Quorum within and for the County 
of Litchfield the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Joshua Porter Isaac Baldwin Abraham 
Bradley, Tapping Reeve, James Morriss Uriah Tracy Daniel Sherman 
David Hurd Hezekiah Thompson Nathan Preston Benjamin Hinman, 
Edward Hinman Justus Johnson Sherman Boardman Daniel Everit 
Josiah Starr Nicholas Shelton Masters Jedediah Hubbel, Jethro Hatch 
David Downs Isaac Pardy Augustine Taylor Lott Norton Adonijah 



10 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

Strong Samuel Lee Charles Burrall Samuel Forbes, Judah Kellogg Ed- 
ward Rogers John Pierce Asaph Hall Adino Hale Justus Sacket Nathaniel 
Swift Daniel Nathaniel Brinsmade David Whittlesey David Judson Oliver 
Parmelee David Ambler Thomas Fenn Daniel Potter, Eli Curtiss Mark 
Prindle Daniel Catlin Junr Epaphras Sheldon Shubael Griswold, Elisha 
Smith Ebenezer Moody Eleazer Ensign Uriel Holmes Giles Pettibone 
Dudley Humphry Eliphaz Alvord Elijah Rockwell, Joseph Wilder John 
Welch John Eliott & Curtis Hurd Esqrs Justices of the Peace within and 
for the County of Litchfield the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint John Dickinson, Hezekiah Brainerd Ebenezer 
White and Hezekiah Lane Esqrs, Justices of the Peace and Quorum in 
and for the County of Middlesex the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint William Hart Matthew Talcott Philip 
Mortimer Comfort Sage, Isaac Miller Elijah Hubbard, Samuel W Dana 
Amos Churchell, Isaac Gridley Chauncey Whittlesey Stephen Titus 
Hosmer Nehemiah Brainerd Cornelius Higgins Ezra Brainerd Benjamin 
Williams Timothy Starkey. Jedidiah Chapman Samuel Tully Thomas 
Silliman Jonathan Lay George Eliott Job Wright Abraham Pierson 
Martin Lord William Morgan Joseph Wilcox 2d, Jabez Chapman, Israel 
Spencer, Timothy Gates John Percival, Isaac Spencer Jun Eliphalet 
Holmes, Jonathan Penfield Bryan Parmelee Hezekiah Goodrich Chauncey 
Bulkley James Bill Jonathan Ogden Mosely & Bozaleel Bristol Esqrs. 
Justices of the Peace in and for the County of Middlesex the Year 
ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Jeremiah Ripley Reuben Sikes John Phelps 
and Jeremiah West Esqrs. Justices of the Peace and Quorum in and for 
the County of Tolland the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Samuel Gilbert Samuel Chapman Samuel 
Carver Ichabod Warner Elijah White Oliver King Abraham Burnap 
Ephraim Kinsbury, Benajah Strong Daniel Elsworth Mathew Hyde. 
Elijah Kellog Elihu Marvin Silvester Gilbert Benjamin Buell, Timothy 
Dutton, Thomas Pitkin Isaac Foot Jesse Cady Samuel Dunton Elisha 
Johnson Solomon Wales John Sessions & Samuel W'hittlesey Esqrs 
Justices of the Peace in and for the County of Tolland the Year ensuing. 



An Act in addition to and alteration of an Act entitled an Act for constituting 
and regulating Courts and for appointing the Times and places for holding 
the same.5 

Be it Enacted by the Governor, and Council and House of Representa- 
tives in General Court Assembled, That no Member of the General Court 



5. Acts and Lazvs of the State of Connecticut, in America . . . (New London, 
1784), pp. 27-33, hereafter cited as Acts and Lazvs, 1784. There were numerous 
additions and amendments to this act. For those in this volume see below, pp. 11, 190, 
373. A curious suspension of this amendment took place in the Assembly session of 
October 1796, when one of the members was permitted to act as counsel before the 
bar of the house. See below, p. 454. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 11 

shall appear as an Attorney at the Bar of said Court unless in his own Cause 
or that of the Town which he Represents : or in such Cases where there 
shall be so near a Relation between such Member and either of the Parties 
in such Case as between Father and Son either by Nature or Marriage, 
Brother and Brother in like kind, Unkle and Nephew in like kind Lanlord 
and Tenant: And if any Member of the General Court shall hereafter 
appear at the Bar of said Court as Attorney in any Cause contrary to the 
provisions of this Act, then it shall be deemed that such member has vacated 
his Seat in said Court, and is hereby declared incapable of holding the 
same or to act as a Member of the General Assembly during the Term 
for which such Member shall have been elected. 



An Act in alteration of an Act Entitled an Act for regulating and orderly cele- 
brating of Marriages, and for punishing incestuous and other unlawfuU 
Marriages.^ 

Be it Enacted by the Governor Council and Representatives in General 
Court Assembled,' that that part of said Statute which prohibits a Man to 
marry his Wifes Sister be and the same is hereby repealed. 



An Act in addition to and alteration of an Act entitled an Act for constituting 
and regulating Courts, and appointing the Times and Places for holding the 
same. 

Be it Enacted by the Governor Council and House of Representatives 
in General Court Assembled, That in future the Judges of Probate in this 
State before they enter on the Duties of their Office shall take the following 
Oath viz "You being appointed a Judge of Probate within and for the 

District of for the Year ensuing, do Swear that You will faithfully 

and truly execute the Office of Judge of Probate and impartially administer 
Justice therein according to Your best skill and Judgment. So help You 
God." Which Oath may be administred by any Assistant or Justice of 
the Peace in this State. 



6. Acts and Laws, 1784, pp. 135-138. Apparently proposals for this act had 
caused considerable controversy throughout the state in 1792 and early 1793. Sirnilar 
bills had been negatived in May 1791 & Oct. 1792. Several other states permitted 
such marriages, and many citizens wanted the same legalization in Connecticut. The 
General Association of the Congregational Church, however, opposed the innovation. 
The Rev. Jonathan Edwards, on September 12, 1792, the day following Yale's com- 
mencement, preached in the Yale chapel the annual Conscw ad Clerum sermon on 
"The Marriage of a Wife's Sister Considered." Prefacing his talk with the state- 
ment that the General Association had requested him to preach on this subject, he 
went on to condemn outright all such marriages as contrary to Scripture and con- 
trary to the law of man. The clear duty of the Connecticut legislature, he asserted, 
was to maintain the existing prohibition. Connecticut State Archives, Divorces and 
Lotteries, Series 2, II, 124, 125; The Works of Jonathan Edzmrds. D.D. Late 
President of Union College . . . edited by Tryon Edwards, II (Andover and New 
York, 1842), 124-141. The Records of the General Association do not show that Dr. 
Edwards was directed to preach on that particular subject. 



12 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

Be it Enacted by the Governor and Council and House of Representa- 
tives in General Court Assembled, That a certain Act of this State entitled 
an Act for instituting defining and regulating the Office of Comptroller of 
the Public Accounts be and the same is hereby Continued in full force 
untill the rising of the General Assembly in May next.'^ 



An Act in addition to and alteration of an Act entitled an Act for providing and 
regulating Jurors in Civil Actions.^ 

Be it Enacted by the Governor Council & Representatives in General 
Court Assembled That the Towns hereafter named, shall annually Choose 
the number of Jurymen to the Names of each Town annexed viz. 

Hartford Twelve New Haven Twelve 

East Hartford Twelve Wallingford Eleven 

Weathersfield twenty two Milford Fourteen 

Windsor Twelve I'ranford Twelve 

Farmington Ten Guilford fifteen 

Simsbury nine Durham eight 

Enfield Ten Darby eight 

SuffieldTen Waterbury Eight 

Glastonbury Twelve Cheshire Eight 

East Windsor Twelve Woodbridge Eight 

Southington Seven Hamden Seven 

Berlin Seven East Haven Five 

Bristol Six North Haven Seven 
Granby nine 

An Act in alteration of an Act entitled an Act for the direction of Listers in their 
Office and Duty.^ 

Be it Enacted by the Governor and Council and House of Representa- 
tives in General Court Assembled that so much of said Act as is included 
in following Words viz — "And Persons disabled by sickness Lameness, 
and other Infirmities." And also that part of said Act which directs the 
Listers to add fourfold for all the Polls they shall find left out of the List, 
be and the same is hereby repealed. And the Listers are hereby Authorized 
and directed to add all Polls not exempted by Law to the List single. 



7. This act has no title, either here or in the list of session acts. The office of 
comptroller was established by act ot assembly in May 1786, Records of the State 
of Connecticut, edited by Leonard Woods Labaree, VI (Hartford, 1945), 152-153, 
herafter cited as Conn. State Records. Annual appointment of the comptroller was 
provided for by an act of May 1788, An Act for instituting, defining and regulating 
the Office of Comptroller of the Public Accounts, ibid., pp. 404-406. The assembly 
each May passed an act continuing the office of the comptroller. See below, pp. 141, 
248, 373. 

8. Acts and Laws, 1784, pp. 108-110. 

9. Acts and Laws, 1784, pp. 27-33. There were numerous additions and amend- 
ments to this act. For those in this volume, see below, pp. 92, 190, 371. 



1793. OF COXNECTTCUT 13 

And be it further Enacted that all Male Persons under the Age of 
eighteen Years, shall be exempted out of the List. 

And be it further Enacted That the Listers in the several Towns in this 
State, shall in the Month of September annually make a true List of Names 
of all Male Persons in their respective Towns not exempted by Law, 
placing the Names of Minors in a seperate List, And the Civil Authority 
and Select Men together with the Listers in the respective Towns may 
abate from such List the Polls of such Persons as are disabled by Sickness 
lameness or other Infirmity. 

Provided alzuays that such Abatement shall not exceed One tenth Part 
of such Polls. 



An Act in addition to an Act entitled an Act for the directing and regulating of 
Civil Actions. i*^ 

Be it Enacted by the Governor and Council and House of Representa- 
tive in General Court Assembled, That whenever any Appeal shall be 
allowed by any Assistant, or Justice of the Peace to any County Court the 
Party so appealing shall give sufficient Bond with Surety to the adverse 
Party to Prosecute such appeal to effect and to answer all Damages in 
Case he make not his Plea good. 



An Act in alteration of an Act entitled an Act for regulating Fees.^i 

Be it Enacted by the Governor Council and House of Representatives 
That the allowance to a Constable for attending the General Assembly 
and Superior or County Court be five shillings per Day any Thing in said 
Act to the contrary notwithstanding. 



An Act in addition to, and alteration of an Act, entitled an Act for licencing and 
regulating Houses of Public Entertainment or Taverns, and for suppressing 
unlicenced Houses.^^ 

Be it Enacted by the Governor Council and Representatives in General 
Court Assembled, That no Person or Persons whatsoever, except such as 
have a Licence from the Court of Common Pleas of the County in which 
they dwell for keeping a Tavern or Public House of entertainment as in 
and by said Act is Provided, shall be a Common Victualler, Innholder 
Taverner or Seller of Wine or ardent Spirits, Beer Ale Cyder or any other 
strong Liquor, by a less quantity than a Pint of Wine or Ardent Spirits, 

10. Acts and Laws, 1784, pp. 3-8. There were numerous additions and amend- 
ments to this act. See below p. 91. 

11. Acts and Laws. 1784, pp. 63-66. 

12. Acts and Laws. 1784, pp. 240-244. 



14 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

a Quart of Metheglin Cyder Beer, or such like Liquor ; and that delivered 
& carried away all at one Time, on the Penalty of forfeiting and paying 
the Sum of Twenty Shillings lawfull Money for every Offense such Person 
shall be convicted of, to be paid into the Treasury of the Town where such 
Offense is committed. And any One Assistant or Justice of the Peace 
shall hear and determine any Breach of this Act, from whose Judgment 
there shall be no Appeal, And the Oath of One Credible Witness shall be 
sufficient to Convict any Person of the Breach of this Act, And it shall be 
the Duty of all Constables and Grand Jurors within their respective Towns, 
and they are hereby directed to make diligent search after, and due pre- 
sentment of all Breaches of this Act, 

And he it further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid, that the seven 
last Paragraphs of the Act aforesaid be, and the same are hereby repealed. 



An Act in alteration of an Act entitled an Act for regulating Ferries.^^ 

Be it Enacted by the Governor, Council and House of Representatives 
in General Court Assembled, That from and after the rising of this Assem- 
bly the fare of the Ferry Between Stonington and Groton, known by the 
Name of Packers Ferry, be as follows— viz — for Man Horse and Load, 
three pence ; for Footman, One half Penny ; for led Horse, One penny 
half penny. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Treasurer of this State be and he 
is hereby directed to pay the One Quarters Interest which has been paid 
by the Commissioner of Loans into the Hands of said Treasurer, to the 
several Subscribers of the Debt of this State to the Loan of the United 
States, who would have been entitled to receive said Interest from said 
Commissioner had the same not been paid into the Treasury of this State. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Select Men of the several Towns 
in this State be and they are hereby authorized and directed to Collect and 
receive all Arms Accoutrements and Implements the Property of this 
State, in their respective Towns, and the same dispose of in the most 
advantageous manner and the Avails thereof pay to the Treasurer of this 
State first deducting their necessary expence to be adjusted and allowed 
by the Comptroller of Public Accounts.^^ 



13. Acts and Laws, 1784, pp. 74-77. For other additions and amendments see 
below, pp. 130, 190, 248. The fare of the Stonington-Groton ferry was established by 
act of assembly in January 1769. Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut, 
edited by Charles J. Hoadly, XIII (Hartford, 188S), 126. At the same session the 
assembly passed_ a resolution granting to Joseph Packer the right to run a ferry 
across Mystic River, between Groton and Stonington. at a place called Pistol Point 
or the Narrows; ibid., p. 157. The fare was altered in December 1776; Conn. State 
Records, I, 121. On Joseph Packer see Cliarles R. Stark, Groton. Conn., 1705-1905 
(Stonington, 1922), pp. 143. 245, 251. 322. 

14. Printed in the American Mercury. June 10; Connecticut Journal, June 26. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 15 

An Act in addirion to and in alteration of an Act entitled an Act for enlarging the 
Powers and increasing the Funds of Yale College.^-'' 

Whereas in and by said Act Mr Andrew Kingsbury was appointed a 
Commissioner with other Commissioners therein named with certain 
Power and for the Purposes as in said Act are expressed, and Whereas 
said Kingsbury is now elected to the Office of Treasurer of this State, ^" 
the Duties of which said Office are incompatible with the Business of the 
said appointment as Commissioner, 

Be it Enacted by the Governor Council and Representatives in General 
Court Assembled, That Mr John Porter, be and he is hereby appointed a 
Commissioner, with Mr William Hart and Mr John Trumbull in Trust 
for the Purposes expressed in said Act in the room and place of said 
Kingsbury, and vested with the same Power and Authority, which by 
said Act was given to the said Kingsbury and that said Porter shall give 
Bond to the Treasurer of this State with two sufficient Sureties to the 
acceptance of said Treasurer, in the Sum of ten thousand Pounds lawfull 
Money Conditioned for tlie faithfull discharge of the Trust mentioned in 
said Act, 

And be it further Enacted, that said Kingsbury be and he is hereby ex- 
cused and dismissed from any further Services as Commissioner by Virtue 
of said Act. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Comptroller of the Public Accounts, 
shall Issue the Notes for the Ballances due to the Officers and Soldiers of 
the late Army of the United States in his Hands, to the Persons to whom 
they are respectively due or their legal Representatives, upon their pro- 
ducing the Evidence hereafter provided viz if the Person applying Claims 
to be the Person to whom such Ballance is due he shall produce a Certificate 
signed by the Commanding Officer of the Regiment or Company in which 
he served of his said Service and of his regular discharge, or if such 
Certificate cannot be produced then a like Certificate of some other Com- 
misioned Officer of his Regiment or Company, or other Certificate con- 
taining Satisfactory Evidence of the same Facts from two Magistrates 
or Justices of the Peace of the Town City or County to which he belongs 
specifying his the Claimants Name, Term of Service Regiment & Company 
in which he Served, his discharge therefrom, and the Place to which he 
belongs, & if such Claimant shall apply by his Agent or Attorney, such 
Agent or Attorney shall produce besides the Evidence above described a 
Power of Attorney to him executed by the said Claimant under his Hand 
and Seal and acknoledged before some Magistrate or Justice of the Peace, 
and the said Magistrate or Justice shall Certify under his hand and Office 
such acknoledgment, and also that the Claimant exhibited to him the 
aforesaid Evidence Identifying his Person, ascertaining the Sum due, 
and the Justice of his Claim, And in Case the said Officer or Soldier be 

15. Kingsley had been appointed commissioner in May 1792 by the Act for 
enlarging the Powers and increasing the Funds of Yale College, Conn. State 
Records, VII, 392. 

16. See below, p. 19. 



16 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

Deed, and application shall be made by his Executor or Administrator 
the said Executor or Administrator, shall produce all the aforesaid Evi- 
dence, the Letter of Attorney excepted, and also a Copy of the Decree of 
Probate, approving- the last Will and Testament under which he Claims, 
and a Copy of said last Will & Testament, or of the Letter of Administration 
granted by the Judge of Probate, all duely Authenticated by the said 
Judge of Probate or his Clerk, together with a Certificate from the said 
Judge or from a Afagistrate or Justice of the Peace within this State, 
naming the Pleirs of said Decease! and their relation to him the Claimant 
the Act of Limitation notwithstanding. 

Provided that application be made within twelve Months from the rising 
of this Assembly. ^'^ 

Resolved by this ^■^sseiiibly that the ^^'ages of John Jeffery whilst em- 
ployed as Clerk in the Treasury and Comptrollers Office, be at the Rate of 
eight shillings per Day for the ensuing Year. 

Resolved by fJiis Assembly that Mr Andrew Kingsbury late Comptroller 
of the Public Accounts of this State be and he is hereby directed to deliver 
over into the Hands of the Comptroller his Successor in said OPnce taking 
his Receipt therefor all such Notes as were Issued by the Treasurer of 
this State for Ballances due to the Officers and Soldiers of the late Army 
for Depreciation and Wages, and lodged in the Hands of said Kingsbury 
as Comptroller by the Treasurer in pursuance of a Resolve of the General 
Assembly in Alay 1792.^^ which have not heretofore been delivered over 
to any Person or Persons by Order of the General Assembly. And the 
Comptroller shall receive and hold said Notes so delivered over by said 
Kingsbury for the Use and Benefit of such Officers and Soldiers in whose 
Names they are Issued or their legal Representatives in his hands & shall 
not deliver over the same to any Person or Persons Whatever excepting 
under such Regulations Limitations and Orders as may from Time to 
Time be given by the General Assembly. 

Resolved by this Assembly that John Treadwell, James W^adsworth, 
Marvin W^ait, William Edmond, Thomas Grosvenor Aaron Austin, Elijah 
Hubbard <S: Sylvester Gilbert Esquires, be and they are hereby appointed 
a Committee to receive any Proposals that are or may be made from anv 
Person or Persons Company or Companies for the Purchase of the Ter- 
ritory belonging to this State lying West of the State of Pensylvania. and 
the said Committee are hereby fully .Vuthorized and Impowered in the 
Name and behalf of this State to 'negotiate with any such Person or 
Persons Company or Companies on the Subject matter of any such Pro- 
posals that have been or may be made, to form and compleat any Contract 
or Contracts for the Sale of the said Territory if any Proposals shall be 

17. This resolve was printed in the American Mercury. June 17; Connecticut 
Journal. June 26; Connecticut Gazette, June 27. The time for presenting- these 
certificates was further extended in :^Iay 1794. See below, p. 143. 

18. Conn. State Records. VII, 397-398. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 17 

made which they or any six of them agreeing, shall on due consideration 
Judge will be advantageous to the State, and the best that under the exist- 
ing Circumstances there is reason to expect will be made and to make and 
execute under their Hands and Seals to the Purchaser or Purchasers of 
the said Territory ^^ A Deed or Deeds duely authenticated according to the 
forms of Law, quiting in behalf of this State all Right Title interest & Claim 
Judicial & Territorial in and to the same to the said Purchaser or Pur- 
chasers and his or their Heirs forever, he or they first giving their Personal 
Note or Bond with good and sufficient Sureties, Inhabitants of this State, 
or with a sufficient Deposit of Bank or other Stock of the United States, to 
secure the Purchase Money payable on Interest at 6 per cent per Annum 
to the Treasurer of this State for the Use of this State, on demand if it 
should appear practicable or beneficial to this State, or otherwise at a future 
Day not to exceed four Years from the Date, and if by annual Installments 
the last installment to be payable within six years from the Date, 

Provided nevertheless, that the said Committee shall not form and com- 
pleat any such Contract for this Sale of said Territory within the Term 
of six Months from and after the rising of this Assembly.^*' 

Resolved by this Assembly that a Tax of One Penny half penny on the 
Pound be laid on the Lists of the Inhabitants of this State as returned to 
this Assembly, payable the first Day of February 1794. for the support of 
Civil Government. 

Resolved by this Assembly that Jonathan Bull Esquire be and he is 
hereby directed to purchase of Hudson & Goodwin, five hundred Copies 
of the Laws of the last Session of Congress. 

Resolved by this Assembly that Measures be adopted to Effect the Sale 
of the Western Territory belonging to this State. 

Resolved by this Assembly that William Mcintosh Grantee of a certain 
Sum granted in October 1791 by the General Assembly then sitting have 
Liberty and Liberty is hereby granted to him the said William Mcintosh to 
Unite the Alachinery and Works necessary for the Manufacturing of Cotton 
and Silk and of Linnen w'ith those of a Woollen & Worsted A'lanufactory. 
And the Sums expended for the Purpose of erecting a Manufactory of Cot- 
ton or a Manufactory of Silk or a Manufactory of Linnen, or all or either of 
them in this State in Conjunction with a Woollen & Worsted Manufactory 



19. In the manuscript record, the words which follow : "a deed . . . purchaser or 
purchasers," are inserted in the margin at this point. 

20. This was the committee appointed to sell that part of Connecticut's Reserve 
not already granted to the fire sufferers in May 1792. The question of appropriating 
the proceeds of this proposed sale aroused in the state a political furore that raged 
between 1793 and 1795. For further action on this committee, see below, pp. 101, 145, 
194. 249-52. The Connecticut Courant. June 3. printed this resolve as well as a notice 
published by the committee and signed by its chairman. John Treadwell. giving public 
notice of a meeting to be held at the house of David Bull in Hartford, at which 
meeting the committee would consider any proposals for selling the land. 



18 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

are hereby declared to be within the Provision of said Grant to him the said 
William Mcintosh as far as it respects the appropriation of said Grant 
or as far as respects the appropriation of Moneys by him advanced.^^ 

Upon the Representation of the Inhabitants of the Town of Norwich 
Shewing to this Assembly that by Mistake they are over Charged on their 
List of August 1791 the Sum of £1925.3.4 Praying the same may be 
Abated 

Resolved by this Assembly that the aforesaid Sum of £1925.3.4 be 
Abated in favour of said Town, and the Treasurer is hereby directed to 
adjust and Settle the Taxes on said List exclusive of the Sum aforesaid. 

Resolved by this Assembly That the Inhabitants of the Town of Canaan 
be and they are hereby Authorized and Impowered to repair the Highways 
in said Town by a Tax to be laid on the Polls & Rateable Estate of said 
Inhabitants, during the pleasure of this Assembly. 

Resolved by this Assembly That the Town of Groton be and they are 
hereby Authorized and Impowered to repair their Highways by Annual 
Taxes to be laid on the Polls and rateable Estates of the Inhabitants of 
said Town during the pleasure of this Assembly. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Inhabitants of the Town of Ridg- 
field, be and they are hereby Authorized & Impowered to repair the High- 
ways in said Town by Tax to be laid and raised on the Polls & Rateable 



21. For the assembly grant to William Mcintosh in October 1791 see Conn. State 
Records, VII, 330-332. For further appeals and grants see below, pp. 146, 254, 293, 492, 
495, 500. According to Atwater, Afclntosh was brought to New Haven from Scotland 
by Abel Buel, the famous minter and silver smith. Both Atwater and Barber state that 
Buell, Mcintosh, and two New York capitalists, John R. Livingston and David Dixon, 
erected a large building at Westville and there commenced the manufacture of cotton 
cloth ; this was one of the first cotton factories in America. For a few years it pro- 
duced large quantities of cotton cloth, cotton yarn and wick, table cloths and calicoes, 
then was converted to the manufacture of wool. Later used as a paper factory, it was 
in 1837 destroyed by fire. Batchelder dates the opening of the factory as 1794. Ezra 
Stiles makes it quite clear there were two separate factories, one, owned in part by 
Mcintosh, built in 1794, the other built the following year by Abel Buel. He visited 
Mcintosh's factory at Bradley-Town (Westville) in 1794, when he examined the card- 
ing machine and jennies. In 1795 he visited Buell's factory, apparently erected fairly 
close to the other. "This last [Mcintosh's] is very grand' — but will fail, and Buell's 
will succede, tho' much smaller." A public notice in the Connecticut Journal, Febru- 
ary 18, 1796, informed the public that the partnership of Mcintosh, Dickson [Dixon], 
and Livingston was dissolved. The notice makes it clear that woolen cloth was made 
at the factory at that time. Apparently Mcintosh continued the factory alone for a 
few years longer. Edward E. Atwater, ed.. History of the City of New Haven to the 
Present Time (New York, 1887), pp. 532-533; J. W. Barber and L. S. Punderson, 
History and Antiquities of Nciu Haven, Conn., From Its Earliest Settlement to the 
Present Time . . . (New Haven, 1870), p. 58; Samuel Batchelder, Introduction and 
Early Progress of the Cotton Maytufacture in the United States (Boston, 1863), pp. 
34-35; The Litcrarv Diary of E::ra Stiles, D.D., LL.D. President of Yale College, 
edited by Franklin Bowditch Dexter, III (New York, 1901), 525, 562, 563; Con- 
necticut Journal, Feb. 18, 1796. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 



19 



Estate of the Inhabitants of said Town, during the Pleasure of this 
Assembly. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Inhabitants of the Town of Water- 
town be and they are hereby Authorized and Impowered to repair their 
Highways by a Tax on the" List of the Polls and rateable Estate of the 
Inhabitants of said Watertown during the Pleasure of this Assembly. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Treasurer make Sale of such Gold 
and Silver Coin now in his Hands which are not Current to the best ad- 
vantage for the Use of this State and render his Account therefor to the 
General Assembly. 

This Assembly do appoint John Porter Esqr Comptroller of the Public 
Accounts of this State for the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Andrew Kingsbury Esqr to be Treasurer of 
this State the Year ensuing." 

The Treasurers Oath appointed by the Law of this State was duely 
Administred to Andrew Kingsbury Esqr now appointed Treasurer of 
the State aforesaid. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That Peter Colt Esqr. late Treasurer of 
this State, deliver over all the Books and Papers that belong to the Trea- 
sury, and all Bonds or Notes given by any Person or Persons to and for 
the Use of this State, and also all Monies Public Paper, and other Public 
Property whatsoever his Hands, as Treasurer, unto Andrew Kingsbury 
Esqr, Treasurer of this State taking duplicate Receipts thereof One to 
be retained by the said Peter Colt Esqr and the other to be deposited with 
the Comptroller of the Public Accounts, And that thereupon the said Peter 
Colt Esqr be exonerated and discharged from all further Accountability 
in his said Character as Treasurer. 

Resolved by this Assembly That Peter Colt Esqr late Treasurer be and 
he is hereby directed to transfer to the Credit of the State of Connecticut 
all the Stock standing in his Name as Treasurer on the Books of the Com- 
missioner of the United States Loan Office in this State. 

Resolved by this Assembly That the Treasurer of this State for the Time 
being be and he is hereby Authorized and directed to receive from the 
Commissioner of Loans of the United States in this State the Interest due 



22. Peter Colt had been appointed treasurer at the opening of the session. See 
above, p. 4. He seems to have dechned the office. The Connecticut Gazette, April 
4, 1793, carried the following notice: "We hear that Peter Colt Esqr. Treasurer of 
this State, is appointed Superintendent of the Manufactory at Patterson, New-Jersey, 
with a salary of 20O0 dollars per Annum ; and that he has accepted. Mr Samuel 
Lawrence is mentioned as his Successor in the Office of Treasurer." 



20 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

to this State or which may hereafter become due to this State on the Debt 
of the United States which now doth or may hereafter stand to the Credit 
of this State on the Books of the said Commissioner. 

Resolved by this Assembly That Samuel Wyllys & Thomas Y Semour 
Esqrs. be and they are hereby appointed a Committee with the Comptroller 
of the Public Accounts to make up Audit and Settle the Public Accounts 
of this State with Peter Colt Esqr. late Treasurer and lay a regular State- 
ment thereof before this Assembly during the present Session, and they 
are directed to receive from said Treasurer and consume to Ashes giving 
a Receipt therefor, all the State Bills which may be in the Treasury in 
such Receipt distinguishing the Principal from the Interest of the State 
Bills. 

At a Meeting of the Governor and Council of the State of Connecticut 
at the Council Chamber at Hartford on the 13th Day of May A Dom 1793 

Present 

His Excellency Samuel Hunting Governor 

His Honr, Oliver Wolcott Lieut Governor 

[ William Williams 

I Joseph P Cook 

I William Hillhouse 

I John Tread well 

Honble \ Jf"^es Davenport ^ Assistants 
I Roger i\ewberry 
I Heman Swift 
I John Chandler 
I Thomas Grosvenor 
[ Thomas Seymour 

The Votes of the Freemen of this State taken and returned to his Excel- 
lency the Governor pursuant to a special Writ of Election by him Issued 
for the Choice of a Representative of this State in the Congress for the 
United States, in the room of the Honble Jonathan Sturges who has de- 
clined said Office dated the 1 1th Day of Alarch 1793, having been publickly 
received sorted and Counted by the Governor and Council according to the 
direction of the Law in that Case provided, it appears that the Honble 
Uriah Tracy, having the greatest number of Votes so returned is legally 
Chosen, and do declare him to be Chosen accordingly."^ 

Signed per Order 

Samuel Huntington Governor 



23. Jonathan Sturges, 1740-1819, had been appointed a superior court judge in 
October 1792, and on accepting this post, in accordance with Connecticut law, he 
resigned his seat in Congress. Conn. State Records, VII, 498 Uriah Tracy, 1755- 
1807, was born in Norwich, near Franklin, Conn., the son of Eliphalet and Sarah 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 21 

This Assembly do appoint Joseph W'ilHams Esqr Lieut Colonel Com- 
mandant of the 20th Regiment of Militia in this State in the room of Colo 
Marvin promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Timothy Seymour Esqr Lieut Colonel Coni- 
mandt of the first Regiment of Militia in this State in the room of Lieut 
Colo Oliver Mather resigned. 

This Assembly do appoint Elisha Babcock Esqr. Major of the first 
Regiment of Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint James Gordon Esquire to be Major General 
of the third Division of Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Augustus Collins Esqr. Brigadier General 
of the second Brigade of Militia in this State, in the room of Brigadier 
General Sage resigned. 

I'his Assembly do appoint Elihu Marvin Esqr. Brigadier General of 
the third Brigade of Militia in this State in the room of Brigadier General 
Mott resigned. 

This Assembly do appoint Roger V/ells Esqr. to be Brigadier General 
of the seventh Brigade of Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint John Hallam Esqr. Lieut Colonel Comandt 
of the third Regiment of Militia in this State in the room of William 
Richards Esqr who refused to accept. 

This Assembly do appoint Samuel Green Esqr. Major of the third Regi- 
ment of Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Charles Burrall Junr Esqr. Lieut Colonel 
Commandt. of the fourteenth Regiment of Militia in this State in the room 
of Lieut Colonel Pettibone resigned. 

This Assembly do appoint Elijah Stanton Esqr. Major of the fourteenth 
Regiment of Militia in this State. 



Manning Tracy. In 1778 he graduated from Yale, then read law with Tapping Reeve 
He was admitted to the bar in 1781, and began practice in Litchfield. He became 
one of the State's most eminent lawyers. In the state militia he attained the rank 
of major general. He was representative in the General Assembly, 1788-1793 ; repre- 
sentative in Congress, 1793-1796; U.S. senator, 1796-1807. A Federalist and con_ 
fidant of leaders of the Federalist party in the national capital, he had the reputation of 
being of great influence with those leaders. He was the first person to be buried in 
the new Congressional Burving Ground in Washington. Dictionary of American 
Biography; F. B. Dexter, Biographical Sketches of the Graduates of Yale College, 
IV, 63-66. ' 



22 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

This Assembly do appoint Ozias Brunson Esqr. Lieutent Colonel Com- 
mandt of the 25th Regiment of Militia in this State in the room of Lieut 
Colonel Holmes resigned. 

This Assembly do appoint Henry Champion 2d Esqr. Lieut Colonel 
Commandt of the 24th Regiment of Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Daniel Watrous Esqr. Major of the 24th 
Regiment of Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Isaac Cowles Esqr. Major of the fifteenth 
Regiment of Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Jonathan Pettibone Esqr. Lieut Colonel 
Commandt of the eighteenth Regiment of Militia in this State in the room 
of Lieut Colonel Humphry resigned. 

This Assembly do appoint George Humphry Esqr Major of the eigh- 
teenth Regiment of Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint James Barker Esqr, Lieut Colonel Com- 
mandt of the 27th Regiment of Militia in this State in the room of Augustus 
Collins Esqr promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Samuel Robinson Junr Esqr Major of the 
twenty seventh Regiment of Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Isaac Wells Esqr. Lieut Colonel Commandant 
of the sixth Regiment of Mihtia in this State in the room of Colo Roger 
Wells promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Elisha Hale Esqr Major of the sixth Regi- 
ment of Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Zachariah Huntington Esqr Major of the 
twentieth Regiment of Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Daniel Earned Esquire Brigadier General 
of the fifth Brigade of Militia in this State in the room of James Gordon 
Esquire promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Lemuel Grosvenor Esqr. Lieut Colonel Com- 
mandant of the eleventh Regiment of Militia in this State in the room 
of Daniel Earned Esqr. promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Elijah Williams Esqr Major of the eleventh 
Regiment of Militia in this State in the room of Lemuel Grovesnor Esqr. 
promoted. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 23 

This Assembly do appoint James Danielson Esqr. Major of the 11th 
Regiment of Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Abel Andruss Esqr. Major of the 25th Regi- 
ment of Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Ebenezer Mead Esqr. to be Lieut Colonel 
Commandant of the ninth Regiment of Militia in this State, in the room of 
Jabez Eitch Esqr resigned. 

This x\ssembly do appoint Hanford Hoyt Esqr. to be Major of the 
ninth Regiment of Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Timothy Taylor Esqr Lieut Colonel Com- 
mandant of the sixteenth Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Justus Barnum Esqr Major of the sixteenth 
Regiment of Militia of Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Jonas Prentice Esqr Lieut Colonel Com- 
mandt, of the second Regiment of Militia in this State in the room of 
Fletcher Prudden Esqr resigned. 

This Assembly do appoint Benjamin Granniss Esqr Major of the 
second Regiment of Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint John Noyes Wadsworth Esqr Major of the 
tenth Regiment of Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Aaron Barlow Esqr to be Lieut Colonel 
Commandant of the fourth Regiment of Militia in this State in the room of 
Lieut Colonel David Burr declined. 

This Assembly do appoint Andrew L Hill Esqr to be Major of the 
fourth Regiment of Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Burr Gilbert Esqr. to be Major of the fourth 
Regiment of Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Samuel Mills Esqr Major of the 25th Regi- 
ment of Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Othniel Moses Junr to be Captain of the 14th 
Company of Militia in the 15th Regiment of this State. 

This Assembly do establish Hezekiah West to be Lieutenant of the 14th 
Company of Militia in the 15th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Reuben Moses to be Ensign of the 14th 
Company of Militia in the 15th Regiment in this State. 



24 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

This Assembly do establish Elisha Bisseli to be Captain of the 9th Com- 
pany of Militia in the 17th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Gaylord to be Lieutenant of the 9th 
Company of Militia in the 17th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Ulisses Filer to be Ensign of the 9th Com- 
pany of Militia in the 17th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Worthington to be Captain of the 
6th Company of Militia in the 24th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Abraham Randall to be Lieutenant of the 
6th Company of Militia in the 24th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Seth Lathrop to be Ensign of the 6th Com- 
pany of Militia in the 24th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Wait Stell x\very to be Captain of the 6th 
Company of Militia in the 3d Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Henry D. Bolles to be Lieutenant of the 6th 
Company of Militia in the 3d Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Peter Strickland Junr. to be Ensign of 
the 6th Company of Militia in the 3d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Giddings to be Lieutenant of the third 
Company of Militia in the 25th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Abel Moses to be Ensign of the third Com- 
pany of Militia in the 25th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Shubael Dimmick to be Captain of the sixth 
Company of Militia in the fifth Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Stephen Russ to be Lieutenant of the sixth 
Company of Militia in the fifth Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Jesse Spafford to be Ensign of the sixth 
Company of Militia in the fifth Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Martin Cossit to be Captain of the 12th 
Company of Militia in the 25th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Abner Case to be Lieutenant of the 12th 
Company of Militia in the 25th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jehiel Wilcox to be Ensign of the 12th 
Company of Militia in the 25th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Smith 3d to be Captain of the second 
Company of Militia in the 33d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Simon Smith Lieutenant of the second 
Company of Militia in the 33d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Lee Peck to be Captain of the sixth Company 
of Militia in the 33d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Selden Marvin to be Lieutenant of the sixth 
Company of Militia in the 33d Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Amos Randall to be Captain of the eighth 
Company of Militia in the 24th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Josiah Gressing to be Lieutenant of the 
eighth Company of Militia in the 24th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Russell Harvey to be Ensign of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 24th Regiment in said State. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 



25 



This Assembly do establish Samuel Mnn to be Captain of the 2d Com- 
pany of Militia in the 13th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish John Bulford to be Lieutenant of the 2d 
Company of Mil'itia in the 13th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Bishop to be Captain of the 4th 
Company of Militia in the 20th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Andrew Clark to be Lieutenant of the 4t]i 
Company of Militia in the 20th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Reuben Willoughby to be Ensign of the 
4th Company of Militia in the 20th Regiment in this State. 

This Asse'mbly do establish John Bingham Junr to be Captain of the 
9th Company of Militia in the "20th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do esta1)lish Ezeliel Bushnell to be Lieutenant of the 9th 
Company of Militia in the 20th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Hezekiah Kingsley to be Ensign of the 9th 
Company of Militia in the 20th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Crocker to be Captain of the 
second Company of Militia in the fifth Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Salter Junr to be Lieutenant of the 
second Company of Militia in the fifth Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Eleazer Huntington Junr to be Ensign 
of the Second Company of ^lilitia in the fifth Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Leyi Parker to be Captain of the first Com- 
pany of Militia in the 10th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Caleb J. Hall to be Lieutenant of the first 
Company of Militia in the 10th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jonathan P Houd to be Ensign of the first 
Company of Militia in the 10th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Lsaac Tickner to be Captain of the 4th 
Company of Militia in the 12th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Rude to be Lieutenant of the 4th 
Company of Alilitia in the 12th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Eleazer Richardson to be Ensign of the 
4th Company of Militia in the 12th Regiment in said State. 

This Asse'mbly do establish Roswell Richards to be Ensign of the sixth 
Company of Militia in the 14th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Asa Fitch to be Captain of the 6th Company 
of Militia in the 20th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Hough to be Lieutenant of the 6th 
Company of Militia in the 20th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Uriah Do\yner to be Ensign of the sixth 
Company of Militia in the 20th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Rufus Norton to be Captain of the third 
Company of Militia in the 27th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jared Harrison to be Captain of the fourth 
Company of Militia in the 14th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Johnston to be Lieutenant of the 
fourth Company of Militia in the 14th Regiment in this State. 



26 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Bird to be Ensign of the fourth 
Company of Militia in the 14th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Knowlton Junr to be Captain of the 
8th Company of Militia in the 5th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Job Tyler Junr to be Lieutenant of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 5th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish George Beckworth 3d to be Captain of the 
6th Company of Militia in the third Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Herman Munson to be Captain of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 26th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Levi Bronson to be Lieutenant of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 26th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Ayer to be Captain of the 8th Com- 
pany of Militia in the 33d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Marvin Huntly to be Lieutenant of the 
8th Company of Militia in the 33d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Beckworth to be Ensign of the 
8th Company of Militia in the 33d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jabez Comstock 2d, to be Captain of the 
9th Company of Militia in the 24th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Richard McCurdy to be Captain of a Com- 
pany of Light Infantry in the 33d Regiment in this State. 

This x^ssembly do establish Enoch Lord Junr to be Lieutenant of a 
Company of Light Infantry in the 33d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish William Starling Junr to be Ensign of a 
Company of Light Infantry in the 33d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jeremiah Smith to be Captain of the first 
Company of Militia in the 24th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Gamaliel R Tracy to be Lieutenant of the 
first Company of Militia in the 24th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do e.stablish Robert Cone to be Ensign of the first 
Company of Militia in he 24h Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish David Main to be Captain of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 30th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jeptha Brown to be Ensign of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 30th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Baldwin to be Captain of the second 
Company of Militia in the 30th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Stephen Meech to be Lieutenant of the 
second Company of Militia in the 30th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elijah Beardsley to be Captain of the fifth 
Company of Militia in the 16th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Gideon Hubbell to be Lieutenant of the 
fifth Company of Militia in the 16th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Hodges to be Ensign of the fifth 
Company of Militia in the 16th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Caleb Gates to be Captain of of [sicl the 
fourth Company of Militia in the 24th Regiment in this State. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 27 

This Assembly do establish John Percival Jimr to be Lieutenant of the 
fourth Company of Militia in the 24th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elisha Cone to be Ensign of the fourth 
Company of Militia in the 24th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Ephraim W'illiams to be Captain of the 
first Company of Militia in the 30th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Abner Coe to be Lieutenant of the 12th 
Company of Militia in the 17th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish David Metcalf to be Lieutenant of the 
1st Company of Militia in the 12th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Zabdiel Hyde to be Ensign of the 1st Com- 
pany of Militia in the 12th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elias Hart to be Captain of the 12th Com- 
pany of MiHtia in the 35th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Noah Rogers to be Lieutent of the 12th 
Company of Militia in the 35th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Hezekiah Gold to be Ensign of the 12th 
Company of Militia in the 35th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Rufus Avery to be Captain of the third 
Company of Militia in the 8th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Phineas Bell to be Lieutenant of the third 
Company of Militia in the 8th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Maxley \ ?] to be Ensign of the 
third Company of Militia in the 8th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Dodge to be Ensign of the 10th 
Company of Militia in the 24th Regiment in this [State]. 

This Assembly do establish Amos Jones Junr to be Captain of the 10th 
Company of Militia in the 24th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Avery to be Captain of the 10th 
Company of Militia in the 8th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Richard Geer to be Lieutenant of the 10th 
Company of Militia in the 8th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Gurdon Geer to be Ensign of the 10th 
Company of Militia in the 8th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jonathan Miller to be Captain of the 10th 
Company of Militia in the 23d Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Abiathar Sacket to be Ensign of the 5th 
Company of Militia in the 21st Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish William Harriss to be Lieutenant of the 
10th Company of Militia in the 23d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Dorman to be Lieutenant of the 
first Company of Militia in the 22d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Dimmick to be Ensign of the first 
Company of Militia in the 22d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Johnson Safiford to be Captain of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 8th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Sanford Morgan to be Lieutenant of the 
8th Company of Militia in the 8th Regiment in this State. 



28 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

This Assembly do establish John Safford Junr. to be Ensign of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 8th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Stephen Morgan 2d to be Ensign of the 
Second Company of Militia in the 8th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Story to be Lieutenant of the first 
Company of Militia in the 8th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish James Cook to be Ensign of the first 
Company of Militia in the 8th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Moses Tyler to be Captain of the fifth 
Company of Militia in the 8th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elisha Prentiss Junr to be Lieutenant of the 
fifth Company of Militia in the 8th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Adams to be Ensign of the fifth 
Company of Militia in the 8th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Bates to be Captain of the 9th Company 
of Militia in the 11th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jonathan Clough to be Lieutenant of the 
9th Company of Militia in the 11th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish \\^ayman Carrel to be Ensign of the 9th 
Company of Militia in the 11 th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elisha Hubbard to be Captain of the 3d 
Company of Militia in the 23d Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Jacob Hall to be Lieutenant of the third 
Company of Militia in the 23d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Prout to be Ensign of the third Com- 
pany of Militia in the 23d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Barnum to be Lieutenant of the 
third Company of Militia in the 16th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Russell White to be Ensign of the third 
Company of Militia in the 16th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Eli Coe to be Captain of the 8th Company 
of Militia in the 23d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Stephen Turner to be Lieutenant of the 
8th Company of Militia in the 23d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elisha Coe to be Ensign of the 8th Company 
of Militia in the 23d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Benjamin Adams to be Ensign of the fifth 
Company in the 24th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Noadiah Fuller to be Ensign of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 24th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Jones to be Lieutenant of the 10th 
Company of Militia in the 7th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Dan Platts 2d to be Ensign of the 10th 
Company of Militia in the 7th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Noadiah Emmons to be Captain of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 24th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathaniel Lord to be Lieutenant of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 24th Regiment in this State. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 29 

This Assembly do establish Elisha Wells to be Captain of the third 
Company of Militia in the first Regiment in said State, 

This Assembly do establish Stephen Hutchinson to Lieutenant of the 
third Company of Militia in the first Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Asa Seymour to be Ensign of the thu'd 
Company of Militia in the first Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Roger W Williams to be Captain of the 
-ith Company of Militia in the 11th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Stephen Frost to be Lieutenant of the 4th 
Company of Militia in the Uth Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish David Dennison to be Ensign of the 4th 
Company of Militia in the 1 1th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Jehiel Bryan Junr to be Captain of the 1st 
Company of Militia in the 32d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Green to be Lieutenant of the first 
Company of Militia in the 32d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Gunn to be Ensign of the first Company 
of Militia in the 32d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Josiah Munger to be Captain of the 4tii 
Company of Militia in the 27th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Benjamin B Wilcox to be Lieutenant of the 
4th Company of Militia in the 27th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Phineas Meigs to be Ensign of the 4th 
Company of Militia in the 27th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Grisvvold Avery Junr to be Captain of the 
fourth Company of Militia in the third Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Stephen Prentis Junr to be Lieutenant of 
the fourth Company of Militia in the third Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Zebulon Rogers, to be Ensign of the fourth 
Company of Militia in the third Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Penuel Child to be Captain of the 5th Com- 
pany of Militia in the 22d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Snell to be Lieutenant of the 5th 
Company of Militia in the 22d Regiment in this State. 

This xVssembly do establish James Moore to be Ensign of the 5th Com- 
pany of Militia in the 22d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Langton to be Lieutenant of the third 
Company of Cavalry in the fifth Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Solomon Fish to be Cornet of the third 
Company of Cavalry in the fifth Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elijah Coe to be Captain of the sixth Com- 
pany of Cavalry in the fifth Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Andrew Everitt to be Lieutenant of the sixth 
Company of Cavalry in the fifth Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Martin Smith to be Cornet of the sixth 
Company of Cavalry in the fifth Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Bille Williams to be Captain of the third 
Company of Cavalry in the second Regiment in this State. 



30 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

This Assembly do establish Jacob Loomis to be Lieutenant of the third 
Company of Cavalry in the second Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Simon Fitch to be Lieutenant of the third 
Company of Cavalry in the second Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Lsaiah Loomiss Junr to be Cornet of the 
third Company of Cavalry in the second Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Lott Morgan to be Captain of the fourth 
Company of Cavalry in the fourth Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Hart to be Captain of the first 
Company of Cavalry in the first Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Eli Hartshorn to be Cornet of the first 
Company of Cavalry in the second Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Giles Loomiss to be Lieutenant of the third 
Company of Cavalry in the fourth Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish William Wilson to be Cornet of the third 
Company of Cavalry in the 4th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Dudley Tracy to be Lieutenant of the first 
Company of Cavalry in the 4th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Timothy Babcock to be Captain of the first 
Company of Cavalry in the 4th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly to establish Richard Hall to be Lieutenant of the first 
Company of Cavalry in the 4th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Clark to be Lieutenant of the first 
Company of Cavalry in the 4th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jehiel Storrs to be Cornet of the first Com- 
pany of Cavalry in the fourth Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Ephraim Kirby to be Captain of a Company 
of Light Infantry in the 17th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Phelps to be Lieutenant of a Company 
of Light Infantry in the 17th Regiment in this State 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Collier to be Ensign of a Company 
of Light Infantry in the 17th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Medad Hotchkiss to be Captain of the 
second Company of Grenadiers in the 32d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Thadeus Thompson to be Lieutenant of 
the second Company of Grenadiers in the 32d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Fletcher Merwin to be Ensign of the second 
Company of Grenadiers in the 32d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Sacket to be Captain of the first 
Company of Grenadiers in the 32d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Abraham V.H. De Witt to be Lieutenant 
of the first Company of Grenadiers in the 32d Regiment in this State. 

This xA.ssembly do establish Benjamin Bull to be Ensign of the first 
Company of Grenadiers in the 32d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elisha Starling to be Captain of a Company 
of Light Infantry in the 14th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Lott Norton Junr to be Lieutenant of a 
Company of Light Infantry in the 14th Regiment in this State. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 31 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Canfield Junr to be Ensign of a 
Company of Light Infantry in the 14th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Hubbard to be Captain of a Com- 
pany of Light Infantry in the 20th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathaniel Shipman to be Lieutenant of a 
Company of Light Infantry in the 20th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Peleg Tracy to be Ensign of a Company 
of Light Infantry in the 20th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Nicholas Shelton Masters to be Captain of 
the first Company of Light Infantry in the 29th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Solomon Bostwick to be Lieutenant of the 
first Company of Light Infantry in the 29th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Curtiss Warnerr to be Ensign of the first 
Company of Light Infantry in the 29th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elijah Simons to be Captain of a Company 
of Grenadiers in the 29th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Stedman Junr to be Lieutenant 
of a Company of Grenadiers in the 29th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Farnam to be Ensign of a Company 
of Grenadiers in the 29th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Isaac Fuller to be Captain Lieut of a 
Company of Artillery in the 21st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Josiah Fasset to be first Lieutenant of a 
Company of Artillery in the 21st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Shubael Adams to be 2d Lieutenant of a 
Company of Artillery in the 21st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish William Fillmore to be Lieutenant Fire 
Worker of a Company of Artillery in the 21st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Anderson to be Captain of a 
Company of Artillery in the 33d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Seth Ely Junr to be 1st Lieutenant of a 
Company of Artillery in the 33d Ivegiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish David M Jewett to be 2d Lieutenant of a 
Company of Artillery in the 33d Regiment in this State. 

This x-\ssembly do establish Isaac Owen to be Captain of the fourth 
Company of Militia in the 18th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Cornish to be Lieutenant of the 
fourth Company of Militia in the 18th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Roswell Phelps to be Ensign of the fourth 
Company of Militia in the 18th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Solomon Griswold to be Captain of the 
7th Company of Militia in the first Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Allen to be Ensign of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the first Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Canfield to be Captain of a Company 
of Artillery in the 35th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Judson Canfield to be Lieutenant of a Com- 
pany of Artillery in the 35th Regiment in this State. 



32 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

This Assembly do establish Samuel R Granger to be Second Lieutenant 
of a Company of Artillery in the 35th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Calvin Comstock to be Captain of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 17th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathaniel Goodwin to be Lieutenant of the 
7th Company of Militia in the 17th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Lldad Gibbs to be Ensign of the 7th Com- 
pany of Militia in the 17th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Edniond Freeman Jun to be Captain of a 
Company of Light infantry in the 5th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Roger Waldo to be Lieutenant of a Company 
of Light Infantry in the 5th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Royal Storrs to be Ensign of a Company of 
Light Infantry in the 5th Regiment in this State. 

This xVssembly do establish Rufus Hitchcock to be Captain of the 10th 
Company of Militia in the 10th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Ebenezer Hale to be Lieutenant of the 10th 
Company of Militia in the 10th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Peck Junr to be Ensign of the 10th 
Company of Militia in the 10th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Timothy Rosseter to be Captain of the 5th 
Company of Militia in the 27th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Gideon Norton to be Lieutenant of the 5th 
Company of Militia in the 27th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathan Sanford to be Captain of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 34th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Isaac St John Junr to be Lieutenant of the 
8th Company of Militia in the 34th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Aaron Moorehouse to be Ensign of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 34th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Asahel Raymond to be Captain of the 1st 
Company of Grenadiers in the 34th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Clap Raymond Junr to be Lieutenant of 
the 1st Company of Grenadiers in the 34th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Benjamin Brooks to be Ensign of the first 
Company of Grenadiers in the 34th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Boughton to be Captain of the 2d 
Company of Grenadiers in the 34th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Stephen Hoyt to be Lieutenant of the 2d 
Company of Grenadiers in the 34th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathan Sealy to be Ensign of the 2d 
Company of Grenadiers in the 5th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Charles Case Junr to be Captain of the 5th 
Company of Cavalry in the 5th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do estal^lish Israel Case to be Lieutenant of the 5th 
Company of Cavalry in the 5th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Theodore Dwight to be Cornet of the 
Governors Independent Troop of Horse Guards. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 33 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Scovil to be Captain of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 17th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Robert Pierpont to be Lieutenant of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the l/th Regiment in this State. 

Tnis Assembly do establish Job Ashford Junr to be Ensign of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 17th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Job Cande to be Captain of the 4th Company 
of Militia in the 32d Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Asahel Hyde to be Lieutenant of the 4th 
Company of Militia in the 32d Regiment in said State. 

1 iiis Assembly do establish John Davis to be Ensign of the 4th Company 
of Militia in the 32d Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Crofutt to be Captain of the 9th 
Company of Miltia in the 16th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish William Burch Jun to be Lieutenant of the 
9th Company of Militia in the 16th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Silas Burton Judson to be Ensign of the 9th 
Company of Militia in the 16th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Ives to be Captain of the 9th Com- 
pany of Militia in the 10th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Levi Hall to be Lieutenant of the 9th 
Company of Miltia in the 10th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Israel Hall 2d to be Ensign of the 9th Com- 
pany of Militia in the 10th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Squire to be Captain of the 9th 
Company of Militia in the 29th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elijah Hoyt to be Lieutenant of the 9th 
Company of Militia in the 29th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Ebenezer Trowbridge to be Ensign of the 
9th Company of Militia in the 29th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Philip Covell to be Captain of the 9th 
Company of Militia in the 6th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Frary Hale to be Lieutenant of the 9th 
Company of Militia in the 6th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Charles Treat to be Ensign of the 9th 
Company of Militia in the 6th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Benjamin Sanford to be Captain of the 5th 
Company of Militia in the 4th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish David Jackson Ju to be Lieutenant of the 
5th Company of Militia in the 4th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Aaron Rogers to be Ensign of the 5th 
Company of Militia in the 4th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Augustus Cook to be Captain of the third 
Company of Militia in the 10th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Dickerman Hall to be Lieutenant of the third 
Company of MiHtia in the 10th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Cooley to be Ensign of the third 
Company of Militia in the 10th Regiment in this State. 



34 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

This Assembly do establish William RoUo to be Captain of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 12th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Russell Wells to be Lieutenant of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 12th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do estabhsh Ralph Marsh to be Ensign of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 12th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Dudley Woodford to be Captain of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 15th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Ezra Wilcox to be Lieutenant of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 15th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elijah Covel to be Lieutenant of the sixth 
Company of Militia in the 6th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish James McLean to be Ensign of the sixth 
Company of Militia in the 6th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathaniel Cornwell to be Captain of the 
7th Company of Militia in the 23d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Selah Savage to be Lieutenant of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 23d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Solomon Norton to be Ensign of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 23d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Roger Moore to be Captain of the 10th 
Company of Militia in the 18th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Dan Dibol to be Lieutenant of the 10th 
Company of Militia in the 18th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Fithin Case to be 2d Lieutenant of the 5th 
Company of Cavalry in the 5th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Job Case to be Cornet of the 5th Company 
of Cavalry in the 5th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Gideon Hart to be Captain of the third 
Company of Militia in the 15th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Ozias Coles to be Lieutenant of the third 
Company of Militia in the 15th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jonathan Seymour to be Ensign of the 
third Company of Militia in the 15th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Hezekiah Baldwin to be Captain of the 
third Company of Militia in the 32d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Newton to be Lieutenant of the 
third Company of Militia in the 32d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Enoch Hine to be Ensign of the third 
Company of Militia in the 32d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jonathan Root Junr to be Captain of the 
4th Company of Militia in the 15th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Hart to be Lieutenant of the 4th 
Company of Militia in the 15th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Barns to be Ensign of the 4th Company 
of Militia in the 15th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Caleb Hitchcock to be Captain of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 15th Regiment in this State. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 35 

This Assembly do establish Amos Newell to be Lieutenant of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 15th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Selah Lewiss to be Ensign of the 7th Com- 
pany of Militia in the 15th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Abraham Talcott to be Captain of the third 
Company of Militia in the 6th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Risley to be Lieutenant of the third 
Company of Militia in the 6th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Case to be Ensign of the third Company 
of Militia in the 6th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Crary Junr to be Ensign of the 5th 
Company of Militia in the 30th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Eliakim Terrell to be Lieutenant of the 6th 
Company of Militia in the 32d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Demas Sperry to be Ensign of the 6th 
Company of Militia in the 32d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Timothy Rogers to be Captain of the 9th 
Company of Militia in the 23d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Sparrow Smith to be Lieutenant of the 
9th Company of Militia in the 23d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Brown Junr to be Ensign of the 9th 
Company of Militia in the 23d Regiment in this State. 

This i\ssembly do establish Isaac Buck to be Captain of the 2d Company 
of Militia in the 15th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish James Judd Junr to be Lieutenant of the 2d 
Company of Militia in the 15th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish James Merrills to be Ensign of the 2d 
Company of Militia in the 15th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Barnard to be Captain of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 18th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Abel Adams to be Ensign of the 8th Com- 
pany of Militia in the 18th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish James Buttys to be Captain of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 34th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do esablish John Olcott to be Lieutenant of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 19th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Ithemar Smith to be Ensign of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 19th Regijiient in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Eleazer Payne to be Captain of the 10th 
Company of Militia in the 19th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jabez Sill to be Lieutenant of the 10th 
Company of Militia in the 19th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Solomon Elsworth Junr to be Ensign of the 
10th Company of Militia in the 19th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Peck to be Captain of the 11th 
Company of Militia in the 19th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Ashbel Keeney to be Lieutenant of the 11th 
Company of Militia in the 19th Regiment in this State. 



36 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

This Assembly do establish Stephen Couch to be Ensign of the 11th 
Company of Militia in the 19th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Betts to be Lieutenant of the 6th 
Company of Militia in the 34th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Zadock Raymond to be Ensign of the 6th 
Company of Militia in the 34th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish William A Morgan to be Captain of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 8th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Ebenezer Morgan to be Lieutenant of the 
7th Company of Militia in the 8th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do estabHsh Stephen Alorgan to be Ensign of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 8th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Alva W'est to be Lieutenant of the 2d 
Company of Militia in the 22d Regiment in this State. 

This xA-ssembly do establish Moses Washburn to be Ensign of the 2d 
Company of Militia in the 22d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Parsons to be Captain of the 2d 
Company of Militia in the 31st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Richard Abby to be Lieutenant of the 2d 
Company of Militia in the 31st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Stone Peirce to be Ensign of the 2d Com- 
pany of Militia in the 31st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Lorin Robbins to be Lieutenant of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 21st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Asher Kinne to be Ensign of the 7th Com- 
pany of Militia in the 21st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Grum to be Captain of the third 
Company of Militia in the third Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Asa Deming to be Captain of the 4th 
Company of Militia in the 6th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Hosea Bulkley to be Lieutenant of the 4th 
Company of Militia in the 6th Regiment in this State. 

Ths Assembly do establish Hezekiah Whetmore to be Ensign of the 4th 
Company of Militia in the 6th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Dvvight Ripley to be Captain of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 20th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Peter Lanman Junr to be Lieutenant of the 
8th Company of Militia in the 20th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Simeon Hubbard to be Ensign of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 20th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish William Tully to be Captain of the 1st 
Company of Militia in the 7th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Rufus Clark to be Lieutenant of the 1st 
Company of Militia in the 7th Regiment in this State. 

Upon the Memorial of the Inhabitants of the Town of Ridgefield in Fair- 
field County by their Select Men, Shewing to this Assembly, That Elijah 
Abel Esqr. Sheriff of said County RecoA^ered a Judgment against Daniel 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT ?i7 

Cooley. Jesse Benedict, Benjamin Smith and Thomas St John Select Men 
of said Town, before the County Court holden at Fairfield in and for said 
County on the 4th Tuesday of Decemb 1789, for the Sum of £3423.19.6 and 
thereon took out Execution in due form of Law bearing Date the first Day 
of Febry AD 1790, which Sum was then due from said Town to the Treas- 
urer of this State in Consequence of the Failures of Ebenezer Olmsted 
and Jacob Smith Junr Collectors of State Taxes for said Town on the 
List 1780, 1781 &"l782. That they have Taxed themselves 2/5 d on the 
Pound to make up said Losses, and that during the delays occasioned by 
their reiterated Misfortunes about £203.6.0 hard Money and £484.0.0 in 
Paper has accumulated against them for Interest, and that nothwithstand- 
ing every efl:"ort in their Power to satisfy said Execution there is still due 
to the Treasurer of this State on account of said Taxes £351.5.11^ in 
specie and £1 24.4.0 >4 in State Paper and Praying for Relief as per 
Memorial on file. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Treasurer of this State be and he is 
hereby Ordered and directed to Credit said Town on account of Taxes 
due from them in Paper the Sum of One Hundred and Twenty four 
Pounds four shillings half penny State Paper upon the Select Men of 
said Town paying the Ballance of three Hundred & fifty One Pound five 
& eleven pence three farthings Specie into the Treasury of this State. 

Upon the Memorial of Elihu Kent of Suffield Shewing to this Assembly 
that he delivered to William Hunt Agent of Joseph Trumbull Esqr. late 
Commissary General of the United States, a quantity of W^heat Flour 
for the Use of the United States, and that his Receipt therefor is lost, 
and that he hath received no Compensation for said Flour Praying for 
relief as per Memorial on file. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That the Comptroller be and he is hereby 
directed to Settle the Account of said Elihu Kent, and draw an Order 
on the Treasurer for the Just Ballance and the Treasurer is directed to 
pay the same accordingly.^^ 

Upon the Memorial of Jonathan Burr of Haddam Administrator on 
the Estate of Stephen Burr of said Haddam Deed, Shewing to this xA-Ssem- 
bly there is a Note in the Comptrollers Office in favour of said Stephen 
Burr for the Sum of £7.12.8 L Money for his Service in Colo Sherburns 
Regiment, in the Year 1780 Praying this Assembly to Order the Comp- 
troller to deliver said Note to said Burr as per Memorial on file. 



24. Capt. Elihu Kent, 1733-1814, had the distinction of marching at the head of 

a company of men from Suffield to the relief of Boston in April 1775. In 1777 he 
was promoted to the rank of Major in the First Conn. Regt. of Militia. His delivery 
of the flour must have been in 1777 or early 1778, the year in which Joseph Trumbull 
died. "Historical Address" by John Lewis in Celebration of the Bi-Cenfennial Anni- 
versary of the Tozvn of Suffield, Conn. . . . (Hartford, 1871), p. 43; Henry P. John- 
ston, ed., The Record of Connecticut Men in the Military and Naval Service During 
the War of the Revolution (Hartford, 1889), pp. 22, 432; L. Vernon Briggs, 
Genealogies of the Different Families Bearing the Name of Kent in the United States 
. . . (Boston, 1898), p. 181. 



38 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

Resolved by this Assembly the Comptroller is hereby Ordered and 
directed to deliver said Note of seven pounds twelve shillings & eight pence 
L Money to said Jonathan Burr said Act of Assembly notwithstanding. 

Upon the Memorial of Samuel Flowers of West Springfield in Hamp- 
shire County and Commonwealth of Massachusets Administrator upon 
the Estate of John Way late of the same \^'est Springfield Deceasd., Shew- 
ing to this Assembly that said John Way, while in Life was a Soldier in 
the Service of this State during the late War, and that there is a Ballance 
due to the Estate of said John for his said Services Praying the Assembly 
to direct pavment to be made &c as per Petition on file dated October 
2d 1792. 

Resolved by this Assevibly that the Comptroller be and he hereby is 
Ordered and directed to deliver to said Samuel Flowers a State Note for 
the Sum of f 11.16.7. made payable to said John Way deed for his said 
Services which Note the Comptroller holds in his Custody in pursuance 
of a Resolve pastd May Session 1792, any Thing in any former Resolves 
nothwithstanding. 

Upon the Petition of James Guthrie Shewing to this Assembly that the 
Comptroller has in his Hand a Note for the Sum of Eleven Poimds One 
Shilling & ten pence being the Ballance due to him for his Service as a 
Soldier in the Continental .^rmy in the Year 1780. Praying for the Same 
as per Memorial on file. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Comptroller be and he is hereby 
directed to deliver to said Guthrie said Note for the said Sum of Eleven 
Pound One shilling & ten pence. 

Upon the Memorial of Stephen Stimpson of Tolland Shewing to this 
Assembly That he hath been a Collector of Excise within the County of 
Tolland and that in attending to the Duties of his said Office he suffered 
many Losses by the Poverty and absconding of Excise Debtors, whereby 
he hath hitherto been unable to settle and pay up the full Amount of his 
Returns, and by means thereof an Execution hath been Issued against 
him in lawfuU Money for the Nominal Sum of the Certificates due and 
owing from his for Excise, Praying for an Allowance on Account of 
said Losses and for Liberty to discharge said Execution in lawfull Money 
at a reasonable Discount. 

Resolved by this Assembly that upon the said Stimpson paying to the 
Treasurer of this State the Sum of eighty six Pounds ten shillings and 
Eleven pence farthing lawfull Money he be forever discharged from said 
Execution in favour of said Treasurer against him the said Stimpson. 

Upon the Memorial of Walter Brewster of Canterbury in the County 
of Windham Shewing to this Assembly, that His Hond Father Mr 
Benjamin Brewster late of Preston Deceasd Died possessed of a real 
Estate in said Preston of the Value of £550 L Money as Inventoried 
that the Deed died without a \\\\\ leaving said Estate to be divided among 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 39 

nine Children of which the Memorialist is the Eldest Son and had a 
Double Portion. That the Heirs now of Age have sold out their Part in 
said Estate and that the whole might now be Sold to great advantage for 
the several Heirs &c, and that the Memorialist is Guardian to those who 
are yet under Age, and Praying that some meet Person may be Authorized 
to make Sale of those Parts belonging to said Minors giveing proper Con- 
veyances thereof &c viz, all those Parts which are set out to Abel Brewster 
Benjamin Brewster Betsy Brewster Jabez Avery Brewster & Polly 
Brewster, and to give proper Conveyance securing the Avails for the 
Benefit of said Minors &:c 

Resolved by this Assembly that Liberty be Granted and Liberty and 
Authority is hereby Granted to Oliver Crary Esqr. of said Preston to 
make Sale of all those Parts of said Real Estate belonging to the said Abel, 
Benjamin Betsy Jabez A. and Polly and to give proper Conveyances 
thereof, first giveing sufficient Bond to the Court of Probate for the 
District of Norwich to secure the Avails of said Sales for the Benefit of 
the said several Minors.^^ 

Upon the Petition of Benjamin Belden of Bristol in Hartford County, 
Administrator on the Estate of Jacob Teal late of Farmington in said 
County Deceasd, Shewing to this Assembly that there is now in the Hands 
of the Comptroller of this State a Note Issued by the State in favour of 
said Teal for the Sum of i5.14.10d for his Service in Colo Samuel B 
Webbs Regiment before 1 780. and Praying that said Note may be delivered 
over to his Administrator to said Teal 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Comptroller be and he is hereby 
Ordered and directed to deliver into the Hands of the said Benjamin 
Belden, as Administrator of the Estate of said Teal the aforesaid Note of 
£5.14.10 now in his Hands. 

Upon the Petition of Josiah Huntington of W'eathersfield in the 
County of Hartford, Shewing to this Assembly, that he has a Petition 
pending before the same in which his personal Attendance is necessary. 
and that he is apprehensive of being Arrested for Debt Praying for Pro- 
tection &c 

Resolved by this Assembly that the said Josiah Huntington be and he 
hereby is protected from all Arrest in Civil Matters in comeing to attend- 
ing on and returning from this .Assembly during the sitting of the same, 
And all Officers are to take Notice hereof and Govern themselves 
accordingly.^^ 



25. According to Emma C. Brewster Jones, The Brewster Genealogy, 1566-1907 
. . . (New York, 1908), I, 123-124, Walter Brewster, b. 1764, was in 1793 the eldest 
surviving son of Benjamin Brewster of Preston, 1736-1786. The minor children were 
Abel,b. 1775; Benjamin, b. 1777; EHzabeth, b. 1779; Jabez Avery, b. 1780; and Mary, 
b. 1783. 

26. Josiah Huntington had been held by a federal court in Hartford County 
Jail. He was released and granted freedom from arrest in May 1792. a protection 
which was renewed the following October. See Conn. State Records, VII, 396-397, 
442, 511. In the present session of May 1793 he was granted an act of insolvency. See 
below, pp. 49-50. 



40 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

On the Petition of John Sedgwick, Shewing to this Assembly that in 
the Year 1779, he had living in his Family, Thomas Sackett a Native of 
Africa of the Age of twenty Years, that he Inlisted into the Continental 
Army, And that there is in the Comptrollers Hands a Note in favour of 
the said Thomas Sackett as by Memorial on file 

Resolved by this Asscnihly that the Comptroller deliver the said Note 
to the said John Sedgwick. 

Upon the Memorial of Benjamin Jewett Junr and others of Hampton 
in Windham County, Praying that that part of the twenty first Regiment 
of Militia which lies in the Town of Hampton may be annexed to the sixth 
Company in the fifth Regiment of Militia as per Memorial on file. 

Resolved by this Assembly that that part of the said twenty first Regi- 
ment of Militia which lies in the said Town of Hampton be, and the same 
is hereby annexed to the sixth Company in the fifth Regiment of Militia ; 

Provided nevertJieless that nothing herein Contained, shall affect the 
Commission, of Lieut Silas Cleaveland who is Lievitenant of that Company 
to which the said part of said twenty first Regiment now belongs. 

Upon the Petition of Epaphras Hills of East Hartford in Hartford 
County, Shewing to this Assembly that in the Year 1789, he being indebted 
to sundry Persons, and pressd by them for Payments which were not in 
his Power to make without the Sale of some part of his real Estate, 
which Estate his Creditors refused to receive in payment for their Debts : 
in this Distressed Situation, Mr David Little of said Plast Hartford offered 
to Assist him in making Sale of said Estate, and to enable said Little to 
dispose thereof the Petitioner on the 30th of Novembr 1789, executed 
a Deed to him of about five Acres of Land with Buildings thereon standing ; 
said Land boimding East on Land of Edward Forbs, West on the Country 
Road North on Land sold to Moses Ensign, and South on Colo Jonathan 
Wells' Land ; And that on the first Day of Decmbr in said Year he exe- 
cuted to said Little, a Deed of another Peice of Land, containing about 
eight Acres, bounding East on Mathew Treats Land, West on Land of 
Edward Forbs, North on Land of Edward Warrens, and South on Land 
of Theodore Treat ; which were Deeds in Trust ; And that since said Deeds 
were executed the Petitioner, by Sale of Lands and otherwise, hath settled 
with his Creditors, without any expence to said Little, that he agreed to 
reconvey said Land to the Petitioner, but was prevented by sudden Death 
by which means the fee of said Land is vested in the Heirs of said Little, 
without any Compensation for the same, and contrary to the intent of 
both Parties &c Praying this Assembly to direct and Impower Messrs 
Nathaniel Morrow & Richard Hills the Administrators on the Estate of 
sd Little to execute a Quit Claim Deed to the Petitioner of all the Rights 
and Title that the Heirs of said Little have to said Land by Virtue of said 
Deed &c 

Resolved by this Assembly that the said Nathan Morrow & Richard 
Hills be and they are hereby fully Authorized & Impowered to make 
execute and deliver to the said Epaphras Hills a Quit Claim Deed in 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 41 

due form of Law of the Lands aforesaid, which Deed shall be good and 
effectual in the Law to convey the same from the Heirs of the said 
Little to the said Epaphras & his Heirs &c. 

Upon the Memorial of George Morgan of Killingworth Guardian to 
Charles Morgan a Minor, son of Theophilus Morgan Esqr. late of 
Killingworth Deceasd, Shewing to this Assembly, that the said Charles 
is the Owner of a Tract of rough Land mostly unimproved, containing 
One Hundred and fifty six Acres, descended to him from his said Father, 
And that it would be greatly to the Advantage of said Minor that said 
Land be sold and the Purchase Money placed on Interest, Praying that 
some suitable Person might be Authorized to execute a Deed of Convey- 
ance of said Land, as per Memorial on file. 

Resolved that George Morgan be and he is hereby Authorized and fully 
Impowered to Sell said Land to the best Advantage of said Charles, and 
thereof to execute an Authentic Deed or Deeds to the Purchaser or Pur- 
chasers, under the direction of the Court of Probate for the District of 
Saybrook.^^ 

Upon the Memorial of Sarah Chappel Administratrix on the Estate of 
Brewster Chappel Deed, Shewing to this Assembly, that the Comptroller 
holds in his Hands a Note made out in favour of said Deceasd for Ten 
Pounds & two pence for his Service as a Soldier in Colo Samuel B Webbs 
Regiment in the late Army. Praying that said Note may be delivered to 
her, 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Comptroller deliver said Note to 
said Administratrix any former Resolve of this Assembly to the contrary 
nothwithstanding. 

Upon the Memorial of Jonathan Culver of Norwich and Jonathan Smith 
of Preston, Shewing to this Assembly, that the said Jonathan Culver of 
Norwich is Guardian to Appleton Rossiter Polly Rossiter, Sally Rossiter 
& Esther Rossiter, and the said Jonathan Smith of Preston is Guardian 
to Abigail Rossiter, all Children of Doctr Appleton Rossiter late of 
Preston Deceasd, and Grand Children of the Revd Asher Rossiter late of 
Preston Deceasd ; That the said Appleton Polly Sally Esther & Abigail 
by the Decease of the Widow of the said Reverd Asher Rossiter Deceasd, 
have descended to them of the said Revd Asher Deceasd, about half an 
Acre of Land, which cannot be Improved to advantage, and will not in its 
present situation Rent for any thing Praying for Liberty to Sell the said 



27. According to Nathaniel H. Morgan in the Morgan Genealogy, A History of 
James Morgan of Nczv London, Conn, and His Descendants; from 1607 to 1869 
(Hartford, 1869), pp. 49, 95, George and Charles Morgan were the great-great- 
grandsons of James Morgan, who landed at Boston in 1636 and was one of the first 
settlers of New London. Their father, Theophilus Morgan, 1732-1788, was a wealthy 
and prominent resident of Killingworth, a West Indian trader, large land holder, and 
magistrate. George Morgan, the memorialist, 1768-1830, later moved to Clinton. 
Charles Morgan, b. 1778, died unmarried in the West Indies. 



42 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

Estate of the said Minors and Convey the same, securing the Avales for 
the Benefit of said Minors &c as per Memorial on file 

Resolved by this Assonbly that Liberty be Granted and Liberty and 
Authority is hereby Granted to the said Jonathan Culver and Jonathan 
Smith to Sell the said Small Lott of Land and give Conveyances of the 
same, first giveing sufficient Bond to the Court of Probate for the District 
of Norwich to secure the Avails of said Sales to the benefit of said Heirs. 

Upon the Memorial of Benjamin Pelton of Whitehall in the County of 
Washington State of New York. Shewing to this Assembly there is a 
Ballance due to him of £1.18.2. for his Service in the second Regiment 
of the Connecticut Line, as aapears by the Books in the Comptrollers 
Office Praying for the Interposition of this Assembly in his behalf, as per 
Memorial on file may fully appear. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Comptroller be and he is hereby 
Ordered and directed to give unto the said Benjamin Pelton a Note for 
the Ballance of £1.18.2. in the Common form. 

Upon the Memorial of Joseph Charles & Manuel Simonds Indians in 
behalf of themselves and the rest of their Tribe the Pequod or Massantuxet 
Indians of Groton, by Consent of Major Edward Mott their Overseer, 
Shewing to this Assembly that some few Years ago on the Application 
of their Overseer Your Honors appointed a Comtee to apart and set ofi:' 
to the Memorialists 989 Acres and 68 Rods of Land of the ancient se- 
questration in Groton for the Use of said Tribe and to be the Property of 
them and their Heirs & Successors forever and to make proper Meets & 
Bounds to prevent encroachments &c and that in prosecuting and com- 
pleating said Business, the expence necessary therein hath arisen to thirty 
or thirty six Pounds which the Memorialists are wholly unable to pay 
Praying for Liberty to Sell Part of said Sequestred Lands to pay said 
expence &c as per Petition or Memorial on file more fully appear, 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Memorialists have Liberty and 
Liberty is hereby Granted to Sell so much of said Land as is necessary 
to pay said expence under the direction and Consent of Major Edward 
Mott, and any Sales for the said Purpose by the consent of said Mott is 
hereby declared valid. -^ 



28. The dispute over Indian lands in Groton was long standing and arose out of 
encroachments by white people on lands which had been given the Indians for their 
support. In 1761 the land claimed by the Pequots (1650 acres) was divided, and they 
were confirmed in the possession of the 989 acres and 68 rods. The remaining 656 
acres and 100 rods was granted to the white tenants. The Indian portion was sur- 
veyed but not marked out, and the survey was later lost. Encroachments of tenants 
continued. In 1773 the Pequots presented another petition to the assembly, and the 
overseer received permission to make a new survey. A further petition was presented 
in 1785, and a new committee appointed to survey and mark out the reservation. It 
is this survey that was completed and presented in 1793. Final settlement of the 
controversy did not come until 1800. John W. De Forest, History of the Indians of 
Connecticut from the Earliest Known Period to 1850 (Hartford, 1863), pp. 433-441 ; 
Colonial Records of Connecticut, XI, 547-549 ; XIV, 130, 366 ; Conn. State Records, 
VI, 57. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 43 

Upon the ^Memorial & Petition of Nathan Chittenden Ambrose Chitten- 
den & Lucy the Widow of Melzer Fowler Children of Joseph Chittenden 
of Guilford in the County of New Haven, and Sarah Bradley Wife of 
Aaron Bradley of Hartford, Patience Wife of Benjamin Frisbee, Rachel 
Chittenden & Lucy Norton Wife of Silas Norton Children of Joseph Chit- 
tenden Junr Deed and Grand Children of the said Joseph Chittenden Corine 
Chittenden Widow & Benjamin Frisbee Administrator on the Estate 
of Joseph Chittenden Junr Deceased in behalf of two Children Huldah 
& Polly of the said Joseph Deceasd Shewing to this Assembly that the said 
Joseph Chittenden Ju Deed Nathan Chittenden Ambrose Chittenden & 
Lucy the Widow of Melzer Fowler Deceasd taking into consideration the 
situation of their Honoured Father Joseph Chittenden greatly advanced 
in Years and of great Bodily Infirmity, wholly unable to support himself 
and deprived of his sight, and his Property going to ruin, on the 11th 
Day of April 1791 Bound themselves by agreement to take his Estate into 
their Care, and divide the same among them according to the Intention of 
their Father when in sound Mind and to maintain and Support him com- 
fortably during Life and authenticated said Agreement by Causing it to 
be written and duely Recorded, as by said Agreement may now fully appear 
in Conformity thereto have supported their said Father, divided his Estate 
& actually Bargained away a part of said Estate, and said Agreement and 
Settlement is rendered perplexed by the Death of said Joseph Praying for 
a confirmation of said agreement &s as per Petition on file may more fully 
appear. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the said agreement upon its being Re- 
corded in the Town Records in said Guilford be and the same is hereby 
established and declared efifectual to the holding and possessing the said 
Real Estate, and that the Guardian of said Minor Children in behalf of 
them be and he hereby is Authorized to execute sufficient Deeds of Con- 
veyance of said unimproved Land so sold by said Joseph Deceasd under 
the direction of the Court of Probate for the District of Guilford, and that 
the said Agreement be also efifectual & Binding to the Parties therein 
according to the Tenor thereof for the support and maintenance of said 
Joseph.^^ 

Upon the Memorial of Nathan Seward late of Southington in the State 
of Connecticut now of Whites Town in the State of New York Shewing 
to this Assembly that the Comptroller of the Public Accounts of this State 
holds in his Hands a State Note Issued by Order of this Assembly in 
favour of the Memorialist for his Services as a Soldier in the late 6th 



29. The Chittendens were an old Guilford family. William Chittenden, first 
settler of that name, came from England in 1639, was one of the six persons selected 
to purchase lands in Guilford from the Indians, and one of the four first magistrates 
of the town. Joseph Chittenden, 1702-1794, whose case was here considered, was 
William's great grandson, a cooper by trade. Alvan Talcott, Chittenden Family, 
William Chittenden of Guilford, Conn, and His Descendants (New Haven, [1882j"), 
p. 31 ; Bernard Christian Steiner, A History of the Plantatioti of Menitnkatuck and 
of the Original Town of Guilford, Connecticut . . . (Baltimore, 1897), p. 44. 



44 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

Connecticut Regiment amounting to the Sum of £3.13.0 Praying the 
same may be Issued to him as per Memorial on file. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the sd Comptroller Issue to the Me- 
morialist the aforedescribed Note any Resolve to the Contrary nothwith- 
standing. 

Upon the Petition of josiah Ferriss of Greenwich in Fairfield Count}-, 
Shewing to this Assembly that he was Collector of State Taxes in said 
Town of Greenwich in the Year 1778, 1779, 1780 & 1782, and that his 
Accounts for the Collections made by him have not been Settled with the 
Treasurer of this State, and that he had Monies due for his Collecting fees 
and Travel Praying that Justice may be done to him in the Premisses as 
per Petition on file. And the Comptroller & Treasurer having been ap- 
pointed by this Assembly to enquire into the Facts Stated in said Petition 
and Reported a Statement of Accounts with said Ferriss, and found a 
Ballance due from said Ferriss to this State of £1.15. 5, 

Resolved bv this Assembly that the Petitioner be and he is hereby dis- 
charged from' the said Ballance of £1.15. 5 due to this State, and that the 
Comptroller draw an Order on the Treasurer in favour of the said Joseph 
Ferriss for the Sum of £16.11.7 L Money payable out of the Treasury of 
this State. 

Upon the Petition of Gershom Dunham of Hartford in the State of 
Vermont Shewing to this Assembly that the Comptroller holds in his 
Hands a Note for the Sum of £8.5.3 being the Ballance due to him jor 
his Service as a Soldier in the Continental Army in the Year of 1780 
Praying for the same as per Memorial on file. 

Resolved bv this Assembly that the Comptroller be and he is hereby 
directed to deliver to said Dunham said Note for the said Sum of £8.5. 3d. 

Upon the Petition of Isaac Hotchkiss of Woodbridge and Joseph Lines 
& Anne Ward of Derby in the County of New Haven Shewing to this 
Assembly, that the said Isaac is Guardian to Richard Ward Son of Abel 
Ward late of sd Woodbridge Deceasd, That said Joseph Lines is Ad- 
ministrator on the Estate of said Abel Ward, that there are Lands lying 
in said Woodbridge, One Peice containing containing two Acres and one 
Quarter & One Peice containing about two Acres belong to said Heirs, 
and to the Estate of said Abel Deceasd. with some Buildings thereon, that 
the moveables of said Abel are not sufficient to pay the Debts, and that 
a Sale of a part of said last mentioned Peice would greatly Injure said 
Heirs, and that the first mentioned Peice which belongs to the said Richard 
is so situated that no advantage can be taken of the Improvement thereof the 
said Anne being Widow of said Deceasd Praying for Liberty to Sell the 
whole of said Lands & said Buildings for the Payment of said Debts, and 
for the Benefit of the said Heirs, It appearing that the Facts in said 
Petition are truly Stated by the Certificate of sundry in Authority and 
others & bv other Testimony. 

It is thereupon Resolved by this Assembly that the Petitioners have 
Libertv and Liberty is hereby granted to said Petitioners to make Sale 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 45 

of said described Peices of Land and said Buildings according to the Prayer 
of said Petition taking the Advice of the Court of Probate for the District 
of New Haven therein, and giving sufficient Security to said Heirs to the 
satisfaction of said Court to pay over the Avails of said Land according 
to the respective Rights of said Heirs and others Interested therein viz 
to said Heirs and to the Widow of said Deceasd, first paying such Debts 
as are due from said Deceasd out of the Land belonging to the Estate of 
said Deceased Abel as said Court of Probate shall direct and they the said 
Petitioners are hereby Authorized and Impowered to make and execute 
good and sufficient Deeds and Conveyances of said Lands and Buildings 
according to the Prayer of said Petition on their complying with & Pur- 
suing the aforesaid directions, and under the restrictions aforesaid. 

Upon the Petition or Memorial of Samuel Pomp Shewing to this 
Assembly that there is a Note in the Hands of the Comptroller of this State 
in favour of said Pomp for the Sum of i3.4.2, which Note was for a 
Ballance due him for Services he did in the 1st Connecticut Regiment 
in the Continental Line of the Army. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the said Comptroller be directed to pay 
over or deliver to the said Samuel Pomp, and he the said Comptroller is 
hereby Ordered to deliver over the said Note for said Sum of £3.4.2 L 
Money to the said Pomp. 

Upon the Petition of James Stanley of Weathersfield in the County of 
Hartford Shewing to this Assembly, that he has a Petition pending before 
the same against his Creditors, which his Personal Attendance is necessary, 
and that he is apprehensive of Arrest &c Praying for Protection 

Resolved by this Assembly that the said James Stanley be and he hereby 
is protected from all Arrest and Imprisonment in Civil Process in coming 
to attending on and returning from said Assembly during the sitting of 
the same, and all Officers are to take Notice hereof and Govern themselves 
accordingly.^* 

Upon the Memorial of David F Sill, Seth Smith and Elihu Ely, Select 
Men of the Town of Lyme in behalf of said Town, Shewing to this 
Assembly that Cezar a Negro Man was formerly a Servant of William 
Brown of Salem, and said Browns Estate was holden to discharge the 
expence of supporting the said Caesar in Case of Want, that said Caesar is 
now residing in said Town of Lyme, and hath become infirm, unable to 
support himself and a Charge to said Town, That the Estate of said Brown 
became forfeited and confiscated the Use of this State, Praying this 
Assembly to direct the support of the said Caesar, as One of the Poor of 
this State as per Petition on file. 

30. James Stanley had several times been protected from arrest by the assembly. 
See Conn. State Records, VII, 296-297. 432, 520. He was finally granted an act of 
insulvency in this same session. See below, pp. 51-52. The Connecticut Courant, July 
1 and 15, carried notices of a creditors' meeting to be held the first of August at the 
house of Josiah Grimes, innholder, in Wethersfield. 



46 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

Resolved by this Assembly that the said Negro Man Caesar be con- 
sidered as one of the Poor of this State and be supported accordingly 
while unable to support himself.^^ 

Upon the Memorial of Andrew Lathrop of Bozrah Shewing to this 
Assembly, that in September 1776, he was Captain of a Troop of Light 
Horse belonging to the second Regiment of Cavalry in this State then 
Commanded by Major Ebenezer Backus, and was Ordered by the late 
Governor Trumbull to proceed with his said Company to New York, and 
received of Governor Trumbull, to defray the expence of said Company 
on their March fourteen Pounds, and gave him an Order therefor on 
the Committee of Pay Table, and applied said Money to the Use of said 
Company, and on his receiving said Company s Wages of said Majr 
Backus said fourteen Povmds was deducted by said Backus from the 
Wages of said Company, and said Company were by the Memorialist 
settled with accordingly. And that said Order now stands Charged 
against the Memorialist in the Books of the late Committee of Pay 
Table now in the Hands of the Comptroller for releif 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Comptroller Credit the said 
Andrew Lathrop said Sum of fourteen Pounds in Settlement and dis- 
charge of said Account, and Order that the Comptroller Charge the same 
to said Ebenezer Backus, if on examination it shall appear that said Backus 
received the full Amount of the Wages of said Company without deducting 
said fourteen Pounds advanced by Governor Trumbull as aforesaid. 

Upon the Memorial of Jeremiah West and Mercy Lathrop Admini- 
strators on the Estate of Hope Lathrop late of Tolland Deceasd, and of 
Ebenezer Grant of said Tolland, shewing to this Assembly that the said 
Hope Lathrop in his Life Time did agree with the said Ebenezer Grant 
to make an Exchange of Land for the purpose of streightening their 
Division Line, wherein the said Lathrop was to Convey to the said Grant 
One Acre and One Quarter of an Acre of Land, and that the said Grant 



31. William Browne of Salem, Massachusetts, 1737-1802, had been a prominent 
citizen of the Bay Colony. The wealthiest merchant in Salem, provincial magistrate, 
descendant of John Winthrop and of Governor Burnet, he was a personal friend 
of the last two royal governors of Massachusetts Bay. One of Gage's mandamus 
councillors, he became a Loyalist and in 1776 sailed to England. He was later com- 
missioned governor of Bermuda. The desertion of the colonial cause by so prominent 
a citizen of Salem created ni the minds of the townspeople a bitterness that resulted 
in his being the only resident whose property was entirely confiscated. He was 
denounced by name in the Massachusetts Conspiracy Act of 1779. His landed property, 
exclusive of his buildings and lands in Salem, comprised 4,000 acres in Massachusetts 
Bay and 9,500 acres in Connecticut. Much of this Connecticut property was in 
Lyme. For negotiations and difficulties over his confiscated property there, see 
Conn. State Records. L 311 ; HL 63; IV, 205-206; V, 27-28, 56, 459, 474; VI, 105. 
The best account of Browne's career is in James Duncan Phillips, Salem in the 
Eighteenth Century (Boston and New York, 1937), pp. 384-385. See also E. Alfred 
Jones, The Loyalists of Massachusetts Their Memorials Petitions and Claims (Lon- 
don, 1930), pp. 58-61. Connecticut State Archives, Miscellaneous, vol. II, contains 
other petitions in regard to William Browne's property that make it clear he had 
owned a large number of slaves. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 47 

was to Convey to the said Lathrop four Acres and one Quarter of an Acre, 
but that the said Lathrop Died before any Deeds were executed as per 
Memorial on file, Praying that some Person or Persons may be Authorized 
to execute a Deed to, and receive a Deed from said Grant to compleat the 
aforesaid Agreement, 

Resolved by this Assembly that the said Jeremiah West and Mercy 
Lathrop Administrators be and they are hereby Impowered to make and 
execute a good and Authentic Deed of the One Acre, and One Quarter of 
an Acre of Land to said Grant, and to receive in their said Capacity of 
Administrators a Deed of Conveyance of the four Acres and One Quarter 
of an Acre of Land from the said Grant, which Deeds so executed and 
interchanged shall be valid in Law as if done in the Life Time of said 
Lathrop Deceased. ^^ 

Upon the Memorial of Daniel Whitmore of Middletown in the County 
of Middlesex Shewing to this Assembly, that a former Committee ap- 
pointed by the Assembly, laid out a Road or Highway through a Meadow. 
& across a Brook or Stream of Water in his Land, that in estimating the 
Damages, the Committee did not take into consideration the Damage it 
would be to him, relative to the Roads hindering him from flowing his 
said Meadow, and thereby depriving him from the privelege of a Mill he 
had on said Stream, and that a more convenient Place might be had to 
Cross said Stream, which would be less detrimental to private property, 
and more to the Public Advantage. Praying for relief &c as per Memorial 
on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that James Wadsworth. Simeon Parsons 
& Hezekiah Goodrich Esqrs, be a Committee to view the premisses estimate 
the Damages, and to alter or confirm the said Road as to them shall seem 
best, taking all Matters relative thereto into Consideration, and that said 
Committee go out at the Sole expence and Charge of the Memorialist.^-"* 

Upon the Memorial of Titus Ives, Shewing to this Assembly that he 
Commanded a Militia Company in Norfolk Litchfield County in the 
Year 1780, and for some Time before and after said Year 1780, and that 
according to a Resolve of the General Assembly of this State, he received 
of Henry Akins Collector of State Taxes Eleven Pounds thirteen shillings 
and four pence, which said Sum he received and paid over to seven Soldiers, 
for their Mileage Money in a Detachment to serve in the Hors2neck 
Guards which Sum he receited to said Akans in favour of the State 



32. Hope Lathrop, 1737-1792, was a prominent citizen of Tolland. He had fought 
in the French campaign of 1758, had served on several town war committees during 
the Revolution, and had represented Tolland in the state legislature, 1780-1781. 
Ebenezer Grant of Tolland was his son-in-law. E. B. Huntington, A Genealogical 
Memoir of the Lo-Lathrop Family in this Cotintry . . . (Ridgefield, Conn., 1884), 
pp. 93, 127; Loren P. Waldo, The Early History of Tolland, An Address Delivered 
before the Tolland County Historical Society . . . (Hartford, 1861), p. 96. 

33. The assembly resolve that had accepted the earher committee report and laid 
out the road was in May 1788. Conn. State Records, VI, 443-445. 



48 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

against him the said Memorialist and has not been Credited in the Pay 
Table Office for the same as per Memorial on file. 

Therefore Resolved by this Assembly that the Comptroller of this 
State Credit the said Titus Ives the Sum of Eleven Pounds thirteen 
shillings and four pence as a Ballance of said Receipt of the same Sum. 

Upon the Memorial of Elijah Bill, Shewing to this Assembly that 
there is due to him from this State the Sum of f 11.14.6, as a Ballance for 
his Services in the third Regiment of the Connecticut Line. That a Note 
hath been Issued for the same and now remains in the Comptrollers Office 
of this State as per Memorial &c 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Comptroller be and he is hereby — 
directed to deliver said Note in the Name of the Memorialist to him or 
his Order for said Sum of £11.14.6 any Law of this State to the contrary 
notwithstanding. 

LIpon the Memorial of Thomas Belden and Samuel Comstock of the 
Town of Norwalk in the County of Fairfield in behalf of themselves and 
the rest of the Inhabitants of said Norwalk, Shewing to this Assembly 
that ever since the settlement of said Town the Inhabitants have been 
compelled at a very great expence to support a Bridge in the Center of 
said Town over a Steep Fall of a rapid River confined to the narrow space 
of seventy feet, by high Rocks on each side, which Bridge is subject to 
l)e removed by floods &c. And that in the Conflagration of said Town in 
the Year of 1779. said Bridge was destroyed by Fire at the Expence of 
said Town was then immediately rebuilt, and that since that Time, said 
Bridge has been twice removed by Floods and rebuilt again &c, And 
that previous to the late War, and so long as the Circumstances of the 
Inhabitants enabled them to support said Bridge they chearfully supported 
the same. That their Abilities are greatly dimished by the destruction of 
the Town by Fire and the Calamities of the War, And that they are 
rendered unable to defray the Expence of supporting said Bridge which 
in fact is now going to decay &c Praying this Assembly to Grant them 
the Privelege of a Lottery to raise a Smn of Money to enable them to erect 
a good sufficient & permanent Stone Bridge over said River &c, as per 
Memorial on file. 

Resolved by this Assembly that Liberty be and is hereby Granted to 
the Inhabitants of said Town of Norwalk to set up a Lottery, and thereby 
to raise the Sum of Five hundred Pounds lawfull Money inclusive of 
Expences, at the risque of said Inhabitants, and the Money that shall be 
raised thereby exclusive of said Expences, shall be appropriated for the 
purpose of erecting a good sufficient permanent Stone Bridge over said 
River ; And that Messrs William St John, Thomas Hoyt, John Hanford, 
Taylor Sherman & Asa Hoyt, all of said Norwalk or any three of them 
be and are herel)y appointed Managers of said Lottery, and are fully Im- 
powered and Authorized to establish a Scheme or Schemes of said Lotterv 
to Consist of One or more Classes, and to make Sale of the Tickets, and 
Collect the Moneys arising from .said Sales. And the said Managers shall 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 49 

pay over to said Inhabitants or such Committee as said Town may appoint. 
all such Moneys as they shall so receive as aforesaid after deducting the 
aforesaid Expences, 

Provided that said Town of Norwalk by their Select Men or some 
other Person by them specially Authorized in their behalf, become Bound 
in a Bond with good and sufficient Surety to the Treasurer of this State 
and to his Successors in said Office in the Penal Sum of Five Thousand 
Pounds payable to the Treasurer of this State or to his Successor or 
Successors in said Office, Conditioned, that a good and sufficient Stone 
Bridge shall be erected built and compleated over said River, within the 
space and Term of One Year then next following from and after the draw- 
ing said Lottery, And also Conditioned that said Managers shall well and 
Honestly and faithfully manage said Lottery and the Business thereof, 
and punctually truly and faithfully pay over to the respective possessors 
of Fortunate Tickets all such Prizes or Prize Money, as their several 
and respective fortunate Tickets shall draw after having deducted for the 
Use and benefit of said Lottery and to defray the Expences thereof from 
each of said Prizes, such per Cent or deduction as shall be prescribed in 
the said Scheme or Schemes aforementioned as said Managers shall 
establish. And the same Bond so Conditioned lodge with said Treasurer, 
or with his Successor in said Office, or with the Judge of the County Court 
for Fairfield County previous to the Sale of any of said Tickets 

Provided that the Tickets in said Lottery shall not be exposed for Sale 
before the first Day of December next.^* 

Upon the Petition of Josiah Huntington of Weathersfield in Hartford 
County. Shewing to this Assembly that before the late War he had 
acquired in a Course of Trade an Estate of about six Hundred Pounds, 
consisting of Outstanding Debts, which he received in Continental Money, 
and several of his Creditors having withdrawn from this Country to Great 
Britain, so that he could not make payment of the Debts oweing to them, 
and said Continental Money depreciated in his Hands, whereby and the 
interruption of his said Trade during the War, and unforseen and inevit- 
able Losses, therein or recommencement thereof since the Peace the 
Petitioner has become unable to pay his Just Debts in full. Praying that a 
Bill of Insolvency may be passed in his favour he the Petitioner resigning 
his Estate to and for the Use and Benefit of his Creditors as per Petition 
on file Dated the 30th Day of March A Dom 1 792, which said Petition wa;^ 
first brott to this Assembly at their Sessions holden at Hartford in the 



34. According to the Norwalk Town Records, the town meeting of 1661 first 
provided for a bridge over Norwalk River. In 1680 it appointed a committee to 
determine a site for the bridge and to find labor for building it. In 1694/5 the town 
decided to repair this bridge or build a new one. After passage of the present resolve, 
Taylor Sherman was appointed the foUov/ing October to ascertain the cost of building 
a stone bridge at the falls. The expense was found to be too high, and the bridge 
later built was of wood. The lottery was never run. Edwin Hall, cornpiler. The 
Ancient Historical Records of Nonvalk, Conn. With a Plan of the Ancient Settle- 
ment . . . (Norwalk, 1847), pp. 59, 75, 88: Elsie Nicholas Danenburg, The Romance 
of Norwalk (New York, 1929), pp. 186-187. 



50 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

County of Hartford in May last past and after sundry legal Continuances 
said Petition comes before this Assembly, and the Petitioner appeared 
and answered thereto, and the Creditors of said Huntington Cited to 
answer to said Petition, were three Times publicly called and all said 
Creditors made Default of appearence, except George Deblois and Lewiss 
Deblois, who appeared and objected to the Prayer of said Petition being 
Granted and said Parties were largely heard on said Petition and the 
Objections thereto, and on such hearing the Facts in said Petition were 
found to be true and said Objections insufficient and thereupon. 

It is Resolved by this Assembly that the Person of the Petitioner and 
the Estate he shall hereafter acquire be and the Same hereby are pro- 
tected and exempted from Arrest Attachment Execution or Imprison- 
ment for or on Account of any Debt or Debts due from him on or before 
the said 30th Day of March 1792, the Day of the Date of said Petition, 
on Condition that he the Petitr deliver on or before the first Monday of 
x'Vugust next all his Estate Bonds Notes Books and all kind of Credits cSc 
property real personal and mixed that he stands possessed of except 
necessary Household Furniture and wearing Apparel of himself and 
Family on Oath into the Hands of Aaron Hosford Asa Deming and Thomas 
Danforth. all of said W'eathersfield who are hereby appointed Trustees to 
receive said Estate and Credits and Average the same among the Creditors 
of said Josiah Huntington in proportion to the Debts due to each Creditor, 
and the said Trustees are hereby authorized to receive said Estate, and 
to Convey as Trustees as aforesaid, as Occasion may require, and in their 
own Names to Sue for and pursue to final Judgment & Execution all the 
Credits of said Josiah Huntington, and said Trustees shall be under Oath 
to make a faithfull and Just distribution of said Property, and to render 
to the Creditors the full & Just Statement of the whole of said Estate 
and Credits, And they shall Advertize at least three Weeks successively 
in One of the Publick Newspapers published in the City of Hartford the 
Time and Place of their first Meeting which shall be at the House of 
Josiah Grimes Innholder in said Weathersfield, on the first Monday of 
August next, at which Time the Majority of the Creditors in number 
and Value may appoint One or more Trustees in Lieu of those hereby 
appointed to compleat said Business who shall be considered as vested 
with the same Power which is hereby Vested in the above named Trustees 
for the Purpose of settling and Averaging the Estate &c of the said Hunt- 
ington, and said Trustees shall have Power to receive a reasonable Sum 
out of said Estate for their Services & Expences, and a Certificate under 
the Hands of the Trustees hereby appointed, that the said Huntington 
has complied in full with this Resolve, shall forever thereafter be an ample 
discharge to the said Josiah Huntington from any Debt or Debts due 
from him before the Date of said Petition, And said Huntington is likewise 
hereby protected from Arrests or Imprisonment for Debts contracted 
before the Date of said Petition untill said Business is completed.^^ 



35. See above, p. 39, and note. The Connecticut Cou,rant, July 1 and 8, carried 
notice of a creditors' meeting to be held the last Monday of August at the house 
of Josiah Grimes, innholder, in Wethersfield. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 51 

Upon the Petition of James Stanley of Weathersfield in the County of 
Hartford Shewing to this Assembly that in early Life he began Mercantile 
Business, with a small Capital which by his Industry and diligence he 
increased and extended that soon after the late War he became largely 
concerned in retailing Goods and in Navigation in the Course of which 
Trade he necessarily dealt on Credit in his Purchases and Sales, and thereby 
became indebted in considerable Sums in and out of this State, that he 
has met with unforseen Losses by the reduction of the Prices of Goods on 
Hand, losses of Debts due to him, bad Voyages of his Vessels, and by the 
seizure of One of them by the misconduct of his Agent and Master on Board 
whereby he is rendered unable to pay his Debts, that he has been confined 
to his House for more than two Years for fear of Arrest &c, praying that 
a Bill of Insolvency may be passed in his favour, he the Petitioner resigning 
his Estate to and for the Benefit of his Creditors as pr Petition on file dated 
the 30th Day of April 1792, which Petition was first brott to this Assembly 
at their Sessions holden at Hartford in the County of Hartford in May 
last past, and after sundry Legal Continuances said Petition comes before 
this Assembly, and the Petitioner appeared and answered thereto and 
the Creditors of said Stanley legally Cited to answer to said Petition were 
three Times publickly called and all said Creditors made Default of appear- 
ence except Samuel Corp and Rowlet Corp and Company, who appeared 
and objected to the Prayer of said Petition being Granted, and said Parties 
were fully heard on said Petition and the Objections there to of, and on 
such hearing the facts in said Petition Stated were found to be true and 
said Objections insufficient and thereup it is 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Person of the Petitioner and the 
Estate he shall hereafter acquire be and the same hereby are protected 
and exempted from Arrest Attachment Execution or Imprisonment for 
or on Account of any Debt or Debts due from him on or before said 30th 
Day of April 1792. the Day of the Date of said Petition on Condition that 
he the Petitioner deliver on or before the first Monday of August next 
all his Estate real Personal & Mixed Bonds Notes Books and all kinds 
of Credit & property that he stands possessed of except necessary House- 
hold Furniture and wearing Apparel of himself and Family, on Oath into 
the Hands of Aaron Hosford Asa Deming & Thomas Danforth all of 
Weathersfield aforesaid who are hereby appointed Trustees to receive 
said Estate and Credits and Average the same among the Creditors of 
said James Stanley, in protection to the Debts due to each Creditor, and 
the said Trustees are hereby Authorized to receive said Estate, and to 
Convey as Trustees as aforesaid as Occasion may require And in their 
own Names to sue for and pursue to final Judgment and Execution all the 
Credits of said James Stanley, and said Trustees shall be under Oath to 
make a faithfull & Just distribution of said Property, and to render to the 
Creditors the full and Just Statement of the whole of said Estate and 
Credits, and they shall advertize at least three Weeks successively in 
One of the Public News Papers published in the City of Hartford the 
Time and Place of their first Meeting, which shall be at the House of 
Josiah Grimes Innholder in said Weathersfield on the first Monday of 



52 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

August next, at which Time the Majority of the Creditors in number, 
and vakie may appoint one or more Trustees in heu of those hereby 
appointed, to compleat said Business, who shall be Considered as vested 
with the same power, which is hereby vested in the above named Trustees, 
for the purpose of settling and Averaging the Estate &c of the said Stanley, 
and said Trustees, shall have Power to receive a reasonable Sum out of 
said Estate for their Services, and expences. and a Certificate under the 
Hands of the Trustees hereby appointed, that the said Stanley has com- 
plied in full with the Resolve shall forever thereafter be an ample discharge 
to the said James Stanley from any Debt or Debts due from him before 
the Date of said Petition, and said Stanley is likewise hereby protected 
from Arrests or Imprisonment for Debts contracted before the Date of 
said Petition untill said Business is compleated.^^ 

Upon the Petition of Pantry Jones. John Calder James Bull, Benjamin 
Davenport Nathaniel Blake. Joseph Bradley Reuben Judd Luther Savage 
and others, all of Hartford in the County of Hartford, and the Inhabitants 
of the first School District in said Hartford ; Shewing to this Assembly 
that it would be convenient and beneficial to have said School District 
divided, and to have a seperate School District made within the following 
Limits viz Connecticut River on the East the Little River on the South 
Front Street on the West, and the Street which leads from Messrs Dean 
and Caldwells Distillery to the Great River on the North, including the 
Inhabitants on both sides of the said Streets. And Praying that the Inhab- 
itants within the Limits aforesaid may be made a seperate School District, 
and that such Inhabitants in legal Meeting Assembled may have power 
to tax themselves from Time to Time for the Purpose of Building a 
School House and supporting a School, and to Choose a Treasurer & 
Collector and Committee to manage the prudential Affairs of said District, 
that they may be entitled to their Just proportion of the Publick ^Monies 
appropriated for the Use of Schools, and also to their Just proportion of 
the School Moneys belonging to said first School District. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Inhabitants within the Limits afore- 
said be and they hereby are made a School District by the Name of the 
East District in Hartford, and the Inhabitants of said School District in 
legal Meeting Assembled are hereby impowered to tax themselves from 
Time to Time for the purpose of Building a School House and supporting 
a School for said District and to Choose a Treasurer and Collector and a 
Committee to manage the prudential Afifairs of said District, and said 
District shall be entitled to their Just proportion of Public Monies appro- 
priated for the Use of Schools, and are entitled to their Just proportion of 
the School Monies belonging to said first School District, and said School 
Moneys shall be divided, according to the Lists of the Inhabitants of said 
respective Districts in the Grand Levy for the Year 1792, And the Com- 
mittee of said first School District shall accordingly pay over to the 
Committee to be appointed by said East School District the Moneys to 



36. See above, p. 45 and note. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 53 

which said East School District is entitled as aforesaid to be let on Interest 
for the Use of said East District.^' 

Upon the Petition of Giles Griswold and John Merriam of Wallingford 
Amos Parker and Samuel Ives of Cheshire and Matthew Rice of Sonth- 
ington preferred to the General Assembly holden at New Haven on the 
second Thursday of October 1792, Shewing that the Petitioners in the 
Month of May 1792, purchased and procured Deeds of John Austin, 
John Atwater, Jonathan Hull and others of all their Rights and Titles 
in and to certain Peices of Common Land lying in the Hanging Hill 
\\'oods so called, in the North part of said Wallingford, containing about 
One Hundred and eight Acres exclusive of allowance for broken Land &;c 
and situated between Lands formerly sold and confirmed to John Yale, 
Theophilus Yale, Henry Williams Hawkins Hart Joseph Moss & John 
Moss, that those under whom the Petitioners purchased held the same 
under Daniel Hooper, Edward Parker the Revd Samuel Hall, Joseph Ives 
Thomas Yale Samuel Cook and others who were Original Proprietors 
of said Lands and that the Petitioners have procured a Survey of said 
Lands from the Committee of said Original Proprietors, dated the 8th 
Day of June 1792, Praying this Assembly to appoint a Committee to ex- 
ame into the facts Stated in said Petition and to confirm said Lands to the 
Petitioners their Heirs &c the same not having been confirmed to any 
Person or Persons whatever as per Petition on file &c. Upon which said 
Petition said General Assembly in October last did pass a Resolve or Bill, 
appointing James Wadsworth, Simeon Bristol & Andrew Hull Junr Esqrs 
a Committee to examine into the facts stated in said Petition and report 
the same with their Opinion thereon to this Assembly, with directions to 
give Notice to such Person or Persons as might be interested of the Time 
and Place of their Meeting &c which said Committee having Notified 
all Persons concerned did proceed on said Business and make their Report 
on said Petition in the Words following viz To the Honble Genera] 
Assembly to be holden at Hartford on the second Thursday of May 1793. 
The Subscribers a Committee appointed by Your Honors at your Sessions 
in October last to examine into the facts Stated in the Petition of Giles 
Griswold & preferred to the General Assembly in October 1792 and Report 
make of the same to the next General Assembly with Our Opinion thereon 
take Leave to Report that having Notified Street Hall Esqr. Abraham 
Hills, Israel Johnson Lydia Parker and Elisha Whittlesey Junr to appear 
at the dwelling House of Giles Griswold in Wallingford on the 19th Day 
of Novembr last when and where being met we proceeded to examine into 
the Pacts stated in said Petition Viewed the Lands described, heard the 
Parties concerned their Evidences with their Councel thereon. We 
find there were certain Lands lying between the antient Colonies of Hart- 



37. The Hartford first and second school districts had been established in May 
1761. The first brick schoolhouse, erected in 1758 or 1759, had been destroyed by a 
gunpowder explosion in 1766. The second schoolhouse, in the northeast corner of the 
burying ground, was sold in 1815. Colonial Records of Connecticut, XI. 560; William 
DeLoss Love, The Colonial History of Hartford Gathered from the Original Records 
(Hartford, 1914), pp. 269-271. 



54 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

ford and New Haven called the Hanging Hill Woods lying between the 
Town of Farniington and Wallingford, that said Lands were Sold to 
various Persons in the Year 1707, and untill the Year 1716 by a Committee 
Chosen by the Town of Wallingford, That in the Year 1707 John Yale 
purchased of said Committee part of said Lands; & in the Year 1710 
Theophilus Yale purchased of said Committee part of said Lands That 
in May 1720 the General Assembly appointed a Committee to Sell part 
of the Lands in the Hanging Hill Woods which Committee in Decembr 
1720, executed a Deed to Theophilus Yale of the same peice of Land which 
he purchased of the Committee of the Town of Wallingford, which Peice 
of Land has come by mean Conveyances to Israel Johnson, That in October 
1722 Joseph Moss and others preferred their Petition to the General 
Assembly, praying a Confirmation of the Lands purchased of the Com- 
mittee of the Town of \\^allingford that the Assembly in May following 
appointed a Committee to sell said Lands to the said Purchasers, which 
Committee executed a Deed in October 1723, to John Yale of the same 
Peice of Land which he purchased of the Comte of the Town of Walling- 
ford, which Peice of Land has come by Sundry mesne Conveyances to 
Israel Johnson and the Heirs of Caleb Hall Esqr. Deceasd. That the two 
Peices sold to John Yale and Theophilus Yale are adjoining, the Easter- 
most Lott being said Johns and the Westermost said Theophiluss, and 
that the North East and South East Corners of said Johns Lott and the 
South West and North West Corners of said Theophiluss Lott were 
proved by Testimony to be the reputed Corners of said Lotts for fifty 
Years past though they greatly exceeded the length of Lines mentioned in 
their Deeds, and are supposed to contain double the Quantity of Acres 
contained in their Deeds. That the Committe of Wallingford sold to John 
Moss, Joseph Moss Henry Williams and Hawkins Hart the Land adjoin- 
ing to the Westerly side and Northerly End of the said Land sold to 
Theophilus & John Yale as before mentioned and bounded the same on 
the Land of said Theophilus & John, That on the 8th Day of June 1792 a 
Comittee of the Proprietors of the Town of Wallingford layed out to the 
Petitioners 108 Acres of Land with large allowance for broken Land 
Ledges Swamps &c, within the reputed Bounds of the Lands sold to said 
John & Theophilus Yale as before mentioned, Whereupon We are of 
Opinion that on said 8th Day of June 1792, there was no unlocated Land 
which lay common & undivided between the Lands Sold as aforesaid to 
said John & Theophilus Yale, and the Lands sold as aforesaid to said John 
Moss Joseph Moss Henry Williams and Hawkins Hart nor is their any 
at this Time, all which is Humbly submitted by Your Honors most Obet 
Servants 

James Wadsvvorth ] 
Jany 20th 1793 Simeon Bristol )■ Committee 

Andrew Hull Junr J 

which Report being by said Committee returned to this Assembly, and 
said Johnson and others the Parties Interested and who were Cited and 
did appear before said Committee now appeared and said Cause came 
before this Assembly, when said Petitioners being three Times publickly 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 55 

called made Default of Appearence, Whereupon said Johnson and others 
named in said Report as being the Parties Interested in said Lands moved 
this Assembly that said Report of said Committee should be accepted by 
the Assembly, and it is thereupon 

Resolved by this Assembly that said Report of said Committee be and 
the same is hereby accepted and approved.^^ 

Upon the Memorial of John Hitchcock late of Danbury now of Duchess 
County and State of New York. Shewing to this Assembly that he Inlisted 
as a Soldier in the fifth Connecticut Regiment in the Continental Service 
Commanded by Colo Philip B Bradley for three Years and that he faith- 
fully served during said Term, and there is now in the Hands of the Comp- 
troller a Note in favour of Your Petitioner for the Sum of four Pounds 
eight Shillings & tenpence being due for Service done in said Regiment 
as per Petition on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Comptroller be and he is hereby 
directed to deliver to the Petitioner said Note of £4.8.10 the Statute of 
Limitation notwithstanding. 

Upon the Memorial of .\braham Sturges Shewing to this Assembly 
that there is due to him from this State the Sum of £7.6.2 as a Ballance 
for his Services in the seventh Regiment of the Connecticut Line, and 
for which a Note hath been Issued in his favour & is now remaining in 
the Comptrollers Office of this State as per Memorial &c 

Resolved b\ this Assembly that the Comptroller be and he is hereby 
directed to deliver said Note in favour of the Memorialist to him or his 
( Jrders and in the Name of the Memorialist for said Sum of £7.6.2 any 
Law of this State to the Contrary notwithstanding. 

Upon the Petition of Thomas Bulfinch of Boston in Sufifolk County 
and Commonwealth of Massachusets, Shewing to this /Vssembly that 
Enoch Brown late of said Boston died leaving three Children Heirs to 
his Estate viz Lucy Brown. Nancy Brown, & Plarriet Brown all of said 
Boston, that the said Thomas Bulfinch has l^een appointed and approved 
as a Guardian to said Nancy & Harriet Minors that they are Seized with 
the said Lucy of a Tract of Land with the Buildings thereon, lying partly 
in Voluntown, and partly in Plainfield in Windham County & State of 
Connecticut Containing about four Hundred Acres, which the said Enoch 
Brown purchased of Joseph Parke in the Year 1777, then Bounded 
Northeasterly at a leaning Black Oak Tree, being at the South East Corner 
of Land belonging to Robert Dixon Esqr., thence running West by said 
Dixsons Land to a Walnut Tree about nineteen score Rods, thence South 
by Messrs Bradfords and Halls Lands to a White Oak Tree, about eighty 
score & ten Rods, thence East by Isaac Gallops about eighteen Score and 
and ten Rods to a Stump, or Stake & Stones, thence North by land of 



38. For the petition in October 1792 see Conn. State Records. VII, 515. For nego- 
itions in the 1720's, see Colonial Records of Connecticut, VI. 183. 361, 400-401, 



tiation 
432-433 



56 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

Franciss Smith to the first mentioned Bounds about eight Score and ten 
Rods ; And it appearing to this Assembly that the Sale of said Tract of 
Land would be for the Benefit and advantage of said Minors, 

It is Thereupon Considered and Resolved by this Assembly that the said 
Thomas Bulfinch be and he is hereby fully Authorized and impowered 
to Sell and dispose of the Shares of said Minors in and to said Tract of 
Land before described and to execute Deeds of Conveyance of said Shares 
to the purchaser or purchasers which shall be valid in Law having first 
procured or given sufficient Bond to the Judge of Probate of said County 
of Suffolk Conditioned that if the said Bulfinch shall well and truly 
Account with said Minors when they arrive to full Age for the proceeds 
and Avails thereof that then said Bond to be null & void otherwise to be 
and remain in full force and Virtue.^^ 

Upon the Petition of Moses Stoddard, shewing to this Assembly that 
there is a Note due him in the Hands of the Comptroller for Services he 
did as a Soldier in the seventh Connecticut Regiment in the Continental 
Army in the Year 1780 which was made out and is now held by the said 
Comptroller, agreeable to Act of the Assembly passed May 1792, in 
favour of the Petitioner for the Sum of £2.6.6 L Money, 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Comptroller be and he is hereby 
directed to deliver over said Note unto the said Stoddard amounting 
to £2.6.6. 

Upon the Petition of Andrew Wedger, Shewing to this Assembly that 
there is a Note due him in the Hands of the Comptroller for Services he 
did as a Soldier in the seventh Connecticut Regiment in the Continental 
Army in the Year 1780, which was made out and is now held by the said 
Comptroller, agreeable to Act of Assembly passed May 1792, in favour 
of the Petitioner for the Sum of £2.13.0 L' Money, 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Comptroller be and he is hereby 
directed to deliver over said Note unto the said Wedger Amounting to 
£2.13.0 L Money. 

Upon the Memorial of Hezekiah Keeler of Brookfield in Fairfield 
County and confined in Goal in said County, Shewing to this Assembly 
that he was committed to the Common Goal in said County, at the instance 
of Egbert Dumont of Ulster County in the State of New York in April 
1791, by force of an Execution for the Sum of £43.18.9% Debt & for 
£4.1.3 Costs in favour of said Dumont, and there hath been ever since 
confined till this Time, and that by various Accidents & Misfortunes has 



39. Dr. Thomas Bulfinch of Boston, 1728-1802, father of the famous architect, 
was a wealthy physician, graduate of the University of Edinburgh, and a member 
of King's Chapel, Boston. The Memorial History of Boston, edited by Justin Winsor 
(Boston, 1881), II, xlv; III, 452; Samuel G. Drake, The History and Antiquities 
of Boston, . . . From Its Settlement in 1630, to the Year 1770 (Boston, 1856), foot- 
note to p. 663 ; Thomas Bridgman, Memorials of the Dead in Boston; Containing . . . 
Inscriptions on the Sepulchral Monuments in the King's Chapel Burial Ground . . . 
(Boston, 1853), pp. 187, 281-282. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 57 

become poor and unable to pay the Debts from him Justly due and oweing 
Praving that he may be Liberated from his confinement on Accoimt of 
said Dumonts Execution, and that his Body be no more confined on 
Account thereof, on his delivering up his Estate to Commissioners for 
his Creditors &c as per Memorial on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that the said Hezekiah Keeler, be Liberated 
and discharged and set free from his said Confinement in Goal by force of 
said Execution, on his executing a good and Authentick Deed of all his 
Estate both real and Personal in Law and equity under his Hand and 
Seal and by him duely acknoledged before proper Authority and the same 
deliver unto David Allen Esqr ^Tr Samuel Penfield & Mr Gershom Burr, 
for the Use and Benefit of his Creditors and also the Property of the said 
Keeler which he may in future acquire and his Body and Person is hereby 
exempt and discharged from all and every kind of Arrests Attachment 
or Executions for any Debts from him now due and oweing & the said 
David Allen, Samuel Penfield & Gershom Burr are appointed Trustees 
on the Estate of said Keeler and Authorized to take and receive such Deed 
in Trust for the Use and Benefit of said Creditors and by force thereof 
to sell and dispose of the whole Estate of said Keeler conveyed thereby 
for the LTse and Benefit of said Creditors, and they the said Trustees are 
to advertize the Time and Places of their holding their Meetings for 
the reception examination and allowance of the Several Claims of said 
Creditors at least six Weeks successively as soon as conveniently may be 
after the delivery of said Deed in some News Paper in the County of 
Eairfield and said Trustees to be Sworn to faithfully execute their Trust 
and are to dispose of all the Estate of said Keeler in a reasonable Time 
for the Benefit of his Creditors as shall come to their Hand or knowledge 
except necessary Bedding and wearing Apparel for himself. Wife and 
Children and necessary Household Utensils such as by Law as are exempt 
from Execution, and the Avails of such Sales after deducting the Expence 
& fees which shall be due to said Trustees for their Time Trouble and 
Expence in settling said Estate, which are to be allowed and Taxed by 
the Judge of Eairfield County Court, and such Avails shall divide to and 
among the said Creditors in proportion to the several Sums to them due 
and oweing and the Sherifif of said Eairfield County is hereby Ordered 
and directed to Liberate release and set free the said Hezeldah from his 
Imprisonment in said Goal on his producing to said Sherifif a Certificate 
under the Hands of said Trustees or any two of them that the said Keeler 
has executed and delivered such Deed as aforementioned unto them or 
either of them and that they have received the same and accepted of their 
appointment and are duely qualified to fulfill and execute their said Trust. 

Upon the Petition of Henry Turner Shewing to this Assembly that the 
Comptroller has in his Hands a Note for the Sum of £10.5.2 being the 
Ballance due to him for his Service as a Soldier in the Continental Army 
in the Year 1780. Praying for the same as per Memorial on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Comptroller be and he is hereby 
directed to deliver to said Turner said Note for the sd Sum of £10.5.2. 



58 PUBLIC RECORDS May. 

Upon the Petition of Thaddeus Scofield of Stamford in Fairfield County- 
Shewing to this Assembly that he served as a Soldier in the second Connec- 
ticut Regiment in the Year 1780, and there is in the Hands of the Comp- 
troller of this State a Note in his Name for the Sum of £27.4.5 for his 
Services in said Regiment Praying that the said Note may be delivered 
to the Petitioner as by Petition on file may appear, 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Comptroller of this State be and 
he is hereby directed to deliver to the Petitioner or his Order said Note 
in his Name for £27.4.5 any Law of this State to the contrary notwith- 
standing. 

Upon the Petition of Benjamin Weed of Stamford in Fairfield County, 
Shewing to this Assembly that he Served as a Soldier in the second 
Connecticut Regiment in the Year 1780, and that there is in the Hands 
of the Comptroller a Note in his Name for the Sum of £2.4.4. for his 
Services in said Regiment praying that said Note may be delivered to the 
Petitioner as by Petition on file Dated May 13th may appear 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Comptroller be and he is hereby 
directed to deliver to the Petitioner or his Order said Note in his Name 
for £2.4.4 any Law of this State to the contrary notwithstanding. 

Upon the Petition of Gilbert Smith Junr Administrator to the Estate 
of David Pomp Deed, Shewing to this Assembly that the Comptroller has 
in his Hands a Note for the Sum of £8.2.5 being the Ballance due to 
David Pomp Deceasd for his Service as a Soldier in the first Connecticut 
Regiment in the Continental Line of the Army before the Year 1780 pray- 
ing for the same as per Memorial on file. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Comptroller be and he is hereby 
directed to deliver to said Smith said Note for the said Sum of £8.8.5. 

Upon the Memorial of Noah Baldwin and others the Select Men of 
the Town of Waterbury, Shewing to this Assembly that Ira Beebee was 
appointed Collector of State Taxes in said Waterbury for the Years 1780 
& 1781, That said Beebe proved negligent in his Office, that at the Close 
of the War there appeared to be a large Sum due to the Treasury on the 
Arrearages of said Taxes for which the Treasurer of this State Issued 
an Execution, which went into the Hands of Sherifl: Fitch, and by him was 
delivered to Mr Samuel Thacher as his Deputy, who Levied said Exe- 
cution and took a Receipt of William Leavenworth and Isaac Baldwin 
two of the principal Inhabitants of said Town purporting that they had 
received Personal Estate taken by Virtue of said Execution to the Value 
of about four Hundred Pounds, and promised to deliver the same at the 
Time and Place then appointed by said Thacher for the Sale thereof, but 
failed to deliver said Estate, whereupon said Thacher brought an Action 
in his own Name on said Receipt before the County Court for the County 
of New Haven, whereupon Judgment was rendered, and Execution 
Granted thereon on which Execution said Thacher is now pressing for 
Payment, Praying for a suspension of the Operation of said Execution as 
per Memorial on file 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 59 

Resolved by this Assembly that the operation of said Execution obtained 
by said Thaclier against the said William Leavenworth and Isaac Baldwin 
be. and the same is hereby suspended, and no further proceedings thereon 
shall be had untill the rising of this Assembly in October next 

Provided the said Town of Waterbury shall become Bound by their 
Agents to the Treasurer for the payment of the Interest arising on the 
Ballance now due on said Taxes 

And it is further Resolved that said Town of Waterbury shall have the 
same Liberty of discharging any part of said Taxes in paper Securities of 
this State, as they might have by Law, if no execution had been Issued 
thereon. 

Upon the Memorial of Philemon Wilcox of Waterbury Shewing to 
this Assembly that in the Year 1780, he served in Colo Starrs Regiment 
in the Continental Army, That the Comptroller now holds a Note in his 
favour for the Sum of thirteen Pounds four shillings & seven pence which 
cannot be obtained without special Order of this Assembly 

there jore Resolved by this Assembly that the Comptroller of Public 
Accounts be and he is hereby directed to deliver the abovementioned 
Note to the said ^^'ilcox observing the Resolves of this Assembly in the 
Premisses. 

Upon the Memorial of Samuel Mott & Elias Brown, shewing to this 
Assembly, that they together with Rufus Lathrop Esqr. had been employed 
on a Committee in the Years 1782 and 1783, that as soon as said Committee 
had compleated the Business of their appointment they sent in their Ac- 
counts for settlement but the Memorialists not being present they failed 
of being settled at that Time, that said Lathrops Account has since been 
settled by the Comptroller, but by reasons stated in the Memorial the 
Accounts of said Mott and Brown are yet unsettled, and the Time limited 
for settling Accounts has expired, Praying that the Comptroller may be 
directed to receive adjust and settle the Accounts of the Memorialists in 
the same manner as the Accounts of said Lathrop were settled &c the 
Limitations notwithstanding as per Memorial on file. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Comptroller settle and adjust the 
Accounts of the Memorialists, and extinguish the Ballance appearing 
against them in favour of this State, 

Provided their Just Claims on the State are sufficient for that purpose, 
said Act of Limitation Notwithstanding.^*^ 

Upon the Memorial of James Thompson Junr of Union Shewing to this 
Assembly that he served in the Continental Army for the Term of three 
Years and that in settling his Accounts for Wages &c there was Charged 
to him the Sum of Twelve Pounds L Money for supplies supposed to be 
furnished his Family in the Year 1781, and the same was charged over to 

40. The committee of which the memorialists had been members was that ap- 
pointed to set the tax abatement for war sufferers in New London and Groton. 
Conn. State Records, IV, 176, 238, 293; V, 128. 



60 PUBLIC RECORDS May. 

the United States but that said Thompson in fact never received any 
supplies for his Family nor any thing in Lieu thereof and that the same 
is now due Praying for releif as per Memorial on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Comptroller be and he is hereby 
directed to draw an Order on the Treasurer of this State in favour of the 
said James Thompson Junr for the Sum of twelve Pounds L Money to 
be on Interest from the Time when said Sum became due, And the 
Treasurer is directed to Issue a Note to said Thompson for said Sum 
accordingly. 

Upon the Petition of Gilbert Smith Junr Administrator to the Estate 
of John Pompey Deceasd, Shewing to this Assembly that the Comptroller 
has in his Hands a Note for the Sum of £13.15.4 being the Ballance due 
to John Pompey Deed for his Service as a Soldier in the first Connecticut 
Regiment in the Continental Line of the Army before the Year 1780 
Praying for the same as per Memorial on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Comptroller be and he is hereby 
directed to deliver to said Smith said Note for the said Sum of £13.15.4. 

Upon the Memorial of Andrew Kurd of Woodbury in Litchfield County 
Shewing to this Assembly that he is Administrator on the Estate of Gideon 
Hurd Junr late of said Woodbury Deceasd, And that there is a Note in 
the Hands of the Comptroller formerly belonging to said Gideon Deed 
for the Sum of £15.7.4 praying for releif as per Petition on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Comptroller be and he is hereby 
Ordered to deliver over said Note to said Andrew Hurd any Act of this 
Assembly to the contrary notwithstanding. 

Upon the Memorial of Elizabeth Jackson of Southbury in the County 
of Litchfield Shewing to this Assembly, that she is the Mother of five 
Children viz Samuel Anne Mary Andrew and Alva the eldest about sixteen 
Years of Age, that her Husband Robert Jackson has absented himself for 
about twelve Months last past from his Family, and is not expected 
speedily to return, that she is desirous of binding out her Children that 
they may be brought up in Habits of Industry, that she is advised she 
cannot do it without her Husband and praying that the Judge of Probate 
for the District of Woodbury may be Authorized to appoint a Guardian 
or Guardians to her said Children or either of them &c as per Petition on 
file. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Judge of Probate for the District of 
Woodbury be and he is hereby Authorized and Impowered at his Dis- 
cretion to appoint a Guardian or Guardians to the said Samuel, Anne, 
Mary, Andrew & Alva or either of them, and that said Guardian or Guar- 
dians so appointed, shall have the same Power and Authority as by Law 
is vested in Guardians in Ordinary Cases and be liable in the same manner 
as Guardians in Ordinary Cases are liable. 

Upon the Memorial of Jane Clark, Widow of Isaac Clark late Deceased 
Sole Administratrix on his Estate and Mother and Guardian of all the 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 61 

surviving Children of said Isaac being all Minors under the Age of Twelve 
Years, and Benjamin Stone all of New Milford in Litchfield County, 
Shewing to this Assembly that the Land of said Isaac Deseased and the 
Land of said Stone by adjoining to each other, and before the Decease of 
said Isaac, and while said Isaac was in full Life, said Isaac and said Stone 
mutuall}- agreed and contracted with each other to exchange the following 
Peices of Land, and actually did exchange, meet out, Locate & Bound the 
same in manner following viz the Peice of Land agreed to be conveyed by 
said Isaac Deceasd to said Stone as aforesaid, begins at the South West 
Corner of a Twenty Acre Division, Owned by said Isaac in said New 
Milford North of Mount Tom so called thence Northwardly by Benja 
Stone Junr Land 18 Rods to a heap of Stones thence Easterly by said 
Benja Junr Land & partly by Highway 28 Rods to a heap of Stones 
thence Southwardly by said Isaacs Land 24 Rods to a heap of Stones to 
the first Corner containing about two Acres be the same more or less, 
and the peice of Land agreed to be Conveyed to said Isaac Deed by said 
Stone Your Memorialist as aforesaid begins at the North East Corner 
of Your Memorialists said Stones Land lying North of Mount Tom so 
called in said New Milford at a Heap of Stones by the Highway thence 
Southwardly by the sd Highway 8 Rods to a heap of Stones in said 
Stones Land, thence Westwardly by Your Memoriahsts Land 40 Rods 
to a heap of Stones, thence Northwardly by Your said Memorialists Land 
9 Rods to a heap of Stones in said Deceasd Isaacs Land thence by said 
Deceasd Isaacs Land 40 Rods to the first Corner containing about two 
Acres be the same more or less, and the said Isaac Deceased and said Stone 
having thus made an even exchange of said Peices of Land, and having 
nriitually agreed that they were of equal value and that they would mutually 
interchange their respective Warrantee Deeds thereof as soon as they 
conveniently could attend it, and having full Confidence in the Honesty 
of each other and immediately after the making said agreement & Exchange 
interchanged Possession of said Land above discribed, and said Isaac 
during his Life and said Administratrix ever since his Death had and still 
hath peaceable Possession of said Land so agreed to have been conveyed 
by said Stone to said Isaac as aforesaid and much betterd the same, and 
said Stone hath in like manner to this Time had and still hath peaceable 
Possession of said Land so agreed to have been Conveyed to him by said 
Isaac as aforesaid and hath much betterd the same and Built thereon a 
House and Barn which the Deceasd while in full Life well knew and agreed 
to after said Exchange was made & recognized the same about One Week 
previous to his Decease which happening suddenly about the Time afore- 
said prevented the interchanging said Deeds as aforesaid in the Life Time 
of said Isaac &c Praying that said Administratrix may be Impowered to 
give a Deed of said Land to said Stone and receive a Deed from him in 
Execution and Completion of the aforesaid Contract as fully as said Isaac 
could have done in his Life Time and that said Land which shall be so 
conveyed by said Stone to said Administratrix shall be and belong to 
the Estate of said Isaac Deed, in the same manner to all Intents & purposes 
as it would have been and belonged to said Isaacs Estate had said Deed 
been given in his Life Time &c as per Memorial on file 



62 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

Resolved by this Assembly that Liberty be granted & Liberty and 
Authority is hereby Granted to the said Administratrix to give a Deed 
to the said Stone & the Heirs of said Deceasd to receive a Deed from 
him the said Stone in execution and completion of the aforesaid Contract 
which shall be good and valid as though the said Isaac had done the same 
in his Life Time and that the said Land so conveyed by said Stone to said 
Heirs shall be and belong to the Estate of sd Isaac Deceasd in the same 
manner to all intents & purposes as it would have done had sd Deeds been 
made & exchanged in the Life of the said Isaac agreeable to said Contract.^^ 

Upon the Memorial of John Douglas Esqr of Plainfield in Windham 
County. Shewing to this Assembly that in the Year 1780, he received a 
large Sum of State Money from this State to pay the Men raised from the 
fifth Brigade under his Command their Bounties and Equipments, and on 
the 17th Day of March 1781, settled his Account with the Committee of 
Pay Table, and by said Settlement their was retained in his Hands the 
Sum of £30.18.0 State Money to be paid to Colo Obadiah Johnson for 
Bounties and equipment of said Recruits from his Regiment, And that 
he has paid said Sum to Colo Johnson and taken his Receipt therefor, and 
that the same still remains Charged against him Praying to be discharged 
from all Demands on account of said Sum as per Memorial on file &c 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Comptroller be and he is hereby 
directed to Credit to the Account of said Douglas the Sum of £30.18.0 
State Money paid to the said Colo Johnson aforesd And that the said John 
Douglas be and he is hereby discharged & exonerated from all demands 
this State have against him on Account of the Sum aforesaid. 

On the Memorial of Eehx Huntington of Norwich in the County of 
New London Shewing to this Assembly that on the 17th Day of Septembr 
1792. finding himself unable to pay all his Just Debts he preferred his 
Petition to the General Assembly of this State in October last for an Act 
of Insolvency which was Granted, that the said Assembly appointed 
Andrew Huntington Esqr. Messrs Daniel Lathrop Coit and Uriah Tracy 
all of said Norwich Commissioners to Settle the Estate of said Felix, that 
the said Uriah Tracy refused to accept the Trust of a Commissioner, that 
said Felix Huntington did surrender and resign to the said Andrew 
Huntington Esqr and Daniel Lathrop Coit all his Estate both real & 
personal for the benefit of his Creditors within the Time limited by said Act 
or Resolve of Assembly, that said two Commissioners received the same, 
but being doubtful of their Authority proceeded no further in the settle- 
ment of said Estate Praying for a Resolve of this x\ssembly to Authorize 
and Impower the said Andrew Huntington Esqr and Daniel Lathrop 
Coit two of said Commissioners to Settle said Estate in as ample a manner 



41. Isaac Clark, emigrant from Milford, died January 10, 1792 and was buried in 
the New Milford Burying Place. He married, in 1781, Jane Baldwin. Their four 
children were all girls. Benjamin Stone was a New Milford tavern keeper, a member 
of the Episcopal Church. Samuel Orcutt, History of the Towns of New Milford and 
Bridycwater, Connecticut, 1703-1882 (Hartford, 1882), passim. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 63 

as the same might have done in case said Tracy had accepted said Trust, 
and that the Time limited for the settlement of said Estate by said October 
Assembly may be lengthened as per Memorial on file Dated 10th May 1793 
Resolved by this Assembly that the said Andrew Huntington Esqr. 
& Daniel Lathrop Coit be and they are hereby fully Authorized and 
Impowered to act as Commissioners on the Estate of said Felix Hunt- 
ington, and to do every Act necessary for the Settlement thereof in as 
ample a Manner to all intents and purposes as said three Commissioners 
could have done in Case said Uriah Tracy had accepted said Trust of a 
Commisioner, on said Estate And that said Estate be settled in the same 
way and manner by said Huntington & Coit as is directed by said Resolve 
of said October Assembly, and that the Time for the settlement of said 
Estate be and the same is hereby lengthened for the Term of One Year 
from and after the 30th Day of May instant.^^ 

Upon the Petition of Isaac Barrows Shewing to this Assembly that 
there is in the Comptrollers Office a State Note in his favour for service 
in the third Connecticut Regiment in the Continental Army for the Sinn 
of three Pounds One shilling & five pence praying that the same may be 
delivered to him by the Comptroller as per Petition on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Comptroller be and he is hereby 
directed to deliver to said Barrows said State Note in his favour for said 
Sum of £3.1.5. 

Upon the Petition of Samuel Osborn of Woodbridge in the County 
of New Haven Shewing to this Assembly, That he acted as purchasing 
Commissary in this State during the Year 1780 & 1781, and was also 
employed by his Excellency the then Governor and Council of safety to 
procure supplies for the Guards on the Sea Coast, and for the purposes 
aforesaid received in States Money and in Orders for States Money, 
and expended to a large Amount. That he had with fidelity and assiduity 
discharged the Duties of his appointment and had not to his own 
knoledge appropriated any of his said Moneys to his own purposes, yet 
on the Settlement of his Account with the Committee of Pay Table on 
the 11th of March 1786 without keeping back even his own Commissions, 
there appeared against him a deficiency of £770.3.0y2 in States Bills and 
Orders, and £6.1.8. in specie. That the Petitioner had been sued for said 
defficiency and Judgment rendered against him by Default for £533 T 3.4 
Damage estimating said States Money and Orders at two for One in 
specie, whereas they were then of a much more depreciated value, and 
casting Interest from the Time they were received & for £2.2.0 Cost, on 
which he had paid £171.0.0 in Notes of this State, That his whole personal 
Property had been sunk in the aforesaid Business ; That the allowance 
of two per Cent on the Moneys expended was by no means an adequate 
compensation for his actual expence, That he had been at considerable 
expence in receiving Cattle for which he received no compensation, that 

42. Felix Huntington had first appealed to the assembly in October 1792. Conn. 
State Records, VII, 539-541. 



64 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

he had not been allowed all that he was entitled to on the Monies 
actually expended, That mistakes from his want of information, and 
from the necessary mode of conducting the Business had probably arisen 
by which he had been a great sufferer, and that he had in fact discovered 
sundry Mistakes since said Settlement Praying for releif as per Memorial 
on file. The Subject Matter of said Petition being by the General Assembly 
in October last referred to the then Comptroller to William Hart & 
Simeon Bristol Esqrs. as a Committee to report the Tacts and their 
Opinion thereon, and said Committee having Reported the Sum of 
£242.0.8. in favour of the State exclusive of Sheriffs fees on the Execution 
in the Sheriffs Hands against said Osborn, as by said Report will appear, 
and the same being accepted by this Assembly. 

It is thereupon Resolved by this Assembly that on his the said Samuel 
Osborns paying or securing on said Execution the aforesaid Sum of 
£242.0.8. specie or lawfull Money, and the Sheriffs fees on said Execution, 
within one Year from the rising of this Assembly, he the said Osborn shall 
be and he is hereby discharged from the residue of said Execution or any 
Claim of Principal or Interest on Account thereof and the residue of said 
Execution over and above said Sum of £242.0.8 and said Sheriffs fee 
is hereby discharged.'*"'' 

Upon the Petition of Joseph Whalley Junr Shewing to this Assembly 
that he has a Petition pending before this /Vssembly Praying for protection 
of his Person from Imprisonment and Arrest on Civil Process till the 
rising of the Assembly in October next, and that his personal Attendance 
before this Assembly is necessary on hearing of said Petition and praying 
for Protection of his Person from Arrest during such attendance as per 
Petition on file, 

Resolved bv this Assembly that the Person of the said Joseph Whalley 
Junr be and the same is hereby protected & exempted from Arrest & 
Imprisonment in Civil Process during the Time of his comeing to 
attending on and returning from this Assembly. 

Upon the Memorial of David Thompson of Union Shewing to this 
Assembly that he Inlisted and served in the Continental Army in Colo 
Webbs Regiment, and that there was twelve pounds lawfull Money 
charged to him in the settlement of his Account for service in the Year 
1781, on account of supplies which was then supposed to have been 
furnished to his Family and the same was charged over to the United 
States but that his said Family never received any supplies nor is the 
State Charged for any by said Town of Union Praying for releif as per 
Memorial on file. 

Resolved by this .Issentbly that the Comptroller be and he is hereby 
directed to draw an Order on the 'JTeasurer for the aforesaid Sum of 
Twelve Pounds lawfull Money to draw the Interest thereof from the 



43. The assembly had appointed a committee to inquire into this petition in 
October 1792. Conn. State Records, VII, 527. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 65 

Time the same became due and that the Treasurer Issue a Note to the 
said David Thompson accordingly. 

Upon the Petition of Benjamin fienshaw, shewing to this Assembly 
that in June last he Mortgaged to this State about eight hundred Acres 
of Land to secure the payment of about live Hundred Pounds with 
Interest in one Year Praying that the Treasurer be directed to release 
the Premisses on the Petitioners securing the Payment &c as per Petition 
on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Condition of said Mortgage not- 
withstanding the Petitioner have two Years from the first Day of June 
next to discharge the Contents of said Mortgage, and upon paying the 
Contents of said Mortgage with the Interest at any Time within two 
Years from the said first Day of June, or on his securing the payment of 
the Sums aforesaid, within the aforesaid Term to the satisfaction of the 
Treasurer for the Time being the sd Treasurer be authorized & directed 
to Quit Claim to the Petitioner or any purchaser under him the aforesaid 
Premisses. 

Upon the Petition of Joseph Bushnell & Lemuel Bushnell Junr Shewing 
to this Assembly, that they belong to the first Society in Saybrook in 
Middlesex County in the State of Connecticut Praying this Assembly to 
annex them together with their real & personal i'^state in said Saybrook 
to the second Society in said Saybrook as Petition on file dated May 
15th 1793, 

Resolved by this Assembly that said Joseph Bushnell & Lemuel 
Bushnal Junr be and they are hereby annexed to the second Society in 
said Saybrook together with all their real & personal Estate lying in said 
first Society of Saybrook. 

On the Memorial of the Society of Colebrook Shewing to this Assembly 
that in a Legal Society Meeting they have agreed to remove their 
Meeting House from the Place where it now stands about eighty Rods 
North on Lands belonging to the Heirs of Nathaniel Filley being on 
the North Side of the Brook called Mill Brook where they have aflixed 
a Stake on said Place Praying this Assembly to establish said Place as 
per Memorial on file. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Place agreed on by said Society 
be and is hereby established for the Place to Build a Meeting House on. 

Upon the Memorial of Stephen Chester of Weathersfield Sherift' of 
Hartford County, Shewing to this Assembly that on the 28th Day of 
May A Dom 1792, Josiah Huntington of said Weathersfield in said 
County was in virtue of two Executions Levied on the Body of said 
Josiah by John Dodd Deputy to the Marshall of the District of Connecticut 
Committed to the Goal of said Hartford County, of which said Goal the 
Memorialist was Keeper, said Executions being Issued by the Circuit 
Court, holden at New Haven the 25th Day of April 1792, and in 
favour of Lewiss Deblois of London in the Kingdom of Great Britain 



66 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

and George Deblois late of said London now of Boston in the County of 
Sufifolk in the Commonwealth of Massachusets, Merchants in Company, 
Dated at New Haven the first Day of May 1792, Signed by Simeon 
Baldwin Clerk of said Court, One for the Sum of six Hundred and 
twenty eight Dollars and seven Cents Debt & for twelve Dollars & thirty 
three Cents Costs of Suit, the other for the Sum of six Hundred & forty 
Dollars and ninety five Cents Debt, and for the Sum of twelve Dollars, and 
sixteen Cents Costs of Suit, And said Huntington was on said Execution 
held in said Goal in Custody of Law. untill a Writ of Habeas Corpus 
was Issued by the General Assembly of the State of Connecticut holden 
at Hartford in May last past to the Memorialist him requiring the Body 
of said Huntington to have forthwith before said Assembly with the Day 
and Cause of his taking and detention, in which said Writ the Memorialist 
obeyed and for Cause of the detention of said Huntington did Certify and 
shew the aforesaid Facts and said Assembly did find said Executions to 
have been Levied on said Huntington, and he imprisoned in contempt 
and violation, of a Protection Granted him by said Assembly, and did 
adjudge that the Causes of the detention and imprisonment of said 
Huntington were insufficient, and Order that he should be immediately 
released, in Obedience whereto the Memorialist suffered said Huntington 
to depart said Goal;*'* And the said Lewiss and George Deblois, have 
brott their Action against the Memorialist before the Circuit Court for 
the District of Connecticut to recover the Sums in said Executions 
mentioned and also further Sums in Damages on the sole Ground of the 
Memorialists having released said Huntington as aforesaid, and the same 
is pending Praying for an Act of indemnity in favour of the Memorialist 
and that the expence and costs of defending in said Action may be assumed 
by this State as per Memorial on file. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Memorialist shall be fully indemni- 
fied and saved harmless by this State for and on Account of his having 
released said Huntington as aforesaid, And the Memorialist be and 
hereby is directed to defend in all such Actions and Suits by all lawfull 
ways and means, his reasonable Account wherefor shall be paid, he the 
Memorialist exhibiting the same to this Assembly for their allowance 
and Order of Payment as aforesaid, and from Time to Time making 
Report to this Assembly of what shall be had or done in the Premisses, 
and obeying such directions as he shall receive. 

Whereas at the General Assembly holden at Hartford on the second 
Thursday in May A D 1734, a special Act was passed, on the application 
of the Town of Lebanon in the words following viz At a General Assembly 
holden at Hartford May second Thursday 173'^1 — x-Xn Act in refiference 
to the several Proprieties, and Highways in Lebanon &c — Whereas 
this Assembly have accepted and confirmed the Report of Matthew Allen 
and James Wads worth Esqrs in refiference to the Highways in the several 



44. Huntington had been released by the assembly from federal imprisonment 
in May 1792. Conn. State Records, VII, 396-397. For a further petition of Stephen 
Chester on this case, see below, p. 407. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 67 

Proprieties in Lebanon and differences arisen in said Town, Be it Enacted 
by the Governor Council & Representatives in General Court Assembled 
and by the Authority of the same that there shall be Highway two Rods 
in breadth laid out in said Lebanon according to the report of said Allen 
and W'adsworth to be laid in the Places and manner and form & to be at 
the Charge of the five Mile Proprietors, and particular Persons and Pro- 
prietors as mentioned in said Report and in no other manner, said way to 
strike out the old Road to Windham in Mr Samuel Williams Land and 
to go on the South side of his dwelling House. Be it further Enacted by 
the Authority aforesaid that what Highways or Passages were laid out 
or left out, in any of the several Proprieties in said Lebanon in any of the 
several Proprieties there when the adjoining Lands were laid out and 
have obtained the Name & reputation of Highways and have been generally 
so accounted and used and have not been by Act of said Town or the Act 
of the Proprietors declared no Highway shall be, and forever remain to 
be Highways, and shall every one of them be recorded in the Clerks 
Ofifice in saicf Town, so that there may be a standing Evidence of all such 
Ways, and future Contentions prevented ; Be it further Enacted by the 
Authority aforesaid that what Highways shall be wanting in said Town 
and not above Provided for shall be laid out & Provided at the Common 
Charge of the Proprietors of such Propriety where such Highways shall 
be wanted and not at the Charge of the Town jointly. 
Concurred in the Lower House Passd in the Upper House 

Test John Russell Clerk Test George Wyllys Serety. 

A Copy which said Act of Assembly Attested by the Secretary of this State 
hath been preserved in the Town Clerks Office in said Lebanon and is 
now before this Assembly, and the Inhabitants of said Town have con- 
formed to said Act before recited and by Petition duely served on the 
several proprietors in said Town now pray for a repeal of the last 
recited Paragraph of said Act to which no objection is made, and it appears 
to this Assembly that said Act by some mistake hath never been recorded 
in the Secretaries Office and cannot now be found to be recorded, and 
several of the provisions thereof are of great Importance to said Town 

Be it Enacted by the Governor and Council and House of Representa- 
tives in General Court Assembled, That this Act be and is hereby declared 
to be full ample compleat and conclusive Evidence that the before recited 
Act was passed at said .\ssembly in May 1734, and shall and may be used 
and improved as uncontrovertible Evidence thereof in all Courts of Law 
in this State, and all and every matter Provision and Thing in said Act 
contained and all Proceedings in said Town of Lebanon conformably 
thereto are hereby ratified and confirmed and declared to be of the same 
legal force and efficacy they would have been if said Act had been season- 
ably recorded in the Secretaries Office 

And be it further Enacted that the last Paragraph of the before recited 
Act of May 1734 be and the same is hereby repealed and the Inhabitants 
of said Town of Lebanon shall for the future be subject to the General 
Laws of this State respecting the Charge and expence of laying out 
Highways. 



58 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

Upon the Memorial of Robert Dixon &c Shewing to this Assembly 
that the Public Road leading from Hartford to providence through East 
Hartford Bolton Coventry Lebanon Franklin Norwich Lisbon Preston 
Plainfield & Voluntown in this State is used by Stages carrying the Publick 
Mail may be shortened by sundry aherations therein, is out of repair, and 
that the exertion of the Inhabitants living on said Road have been insuffi- 
cient to repair said Road praying this Assembly to enquire into the Facts 
Stated in said Petition by a Committee to direct the necessary alteration 
and repairs in said Road by Granting them a Lottery for said Purpose as 
per Petition on tile, this Assembly having by a Committee enquired into 
the Facts stated in said Petition, and said Committee having made their 
Report containing a State of the facts found true by said Committee which 
Report is accepted and approved by this Assembly, therefore 

Resolved by this Assembly that Constant Southworth Samuel Mott 
& Marvin Wait Esqrs. be and they are hereby appointed a Committee to 
alter & lay out said Road agreeably to the Report of said Committee 
and to apprize and assess the Damage or Damages done the Proprietor 
or Proprietors of the Land where said alterations are made said Damages 
to be paid by the respective Towns through which said Road passes to 
said Proprietor or Proprietors and Report thereof make to the General 
Assembly of this State ; And that the Memorialists have Liberty to raise 
the Sum of twelve Hundred Pounds lav^^full Money, by a Lottery or 
Lotteries, including the Cost of said Lottery for the purpose of repairing 
said Road after the alteration made thereon. And that David Trumbull, 
James Gordon Daniel White, Thomas Coit, Ebenezer Tracy, Jesse Brown 
& Zachariah Fiuntington. be and they or any three or more of them are 
hereby constituted and appointed Managers of said Lottery, and that said 
Managers before they enter upon the execution of said Trust shall become 
bound with one or more sufficient Sureteys unto the Treasurer of this 
State in the Penal Sum of i 10000 Pounds lawfuU Money Conditioned 
for the discharge of their Duty in said Capacity, and that they will pay 
the respective Prizes to the fortunate Adventurers in said Lottery, and 
the Attorney for this State within the County of New London is hereby 
directed and Impowered to take and receive said Bond and transmit the 
same to said Treasurer, And the Money raised by said Lottery is to be 
expended by said Managers for the repair of said Road in such Place 
and Places on said Road, and in such manner as the Superior Court of 
this State shall appoint and direct, having regard to the Quantity of 
Repairs wanted in each Town, and the Accounts of said Managers to be 
Audited and adjusted by said Court, the said Lottery to be set up and 
drawn within twelve Months from the rising of this Assembly. ^^ 

45. This was the beginning of negotiations that finally resulted in the establishment 
of the New London and Windham County Society, incorporated in May 1795 to 
operate a turnpike road from Norwich to the Rhode Island state line in the present 
town of Sterling and of the Hartford, New London, and Tolland Turnpike Society, 
chartered in October 1795 to build a road from the court house in Hartford to the 
court house in Norwich. Earlier efforts at improving this route had proved abortive. 
Conn. State Records, VII, 26, 511 ; Frederic S. Wood, The Turnpikes of New Eng- 
land (Boston, 1919), pp. 2)2)6-2)7, 338. For further petitions and resolves on these roads 
see below, pp. 170, 202, 214, 219, 286, 338, 413. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 69 

upon the Memorial of the Society of Winsted, shewing to this 
Assembly that in October 1789, they had a Tax granted of 2d, per Acre 
on all the Land lying in said Society for the purpose of building a Meeting 
House, and shewing that they had not collected the same, and praying 
that a like Tax may be Granted as per Memorial on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that a Tax of two pence per Acre be laid 
on all the Land of the resident & non resident Proprietors in said Society, 
and that the same to be collected and paid into the Treasury of said 
Society by the first Day of October next, and David Austin of said Society 
is appointed a Collector to Collect the aforesaid Tax and he is hereby 
fully Authorized and impowered to do the same. 

Upon the Petition of Bela Elderkin of Windham Shewing to this Assem- 
bl}' that he entered into Trade in Company with John Elderkin, and so 
continued till the Commencement of the late War, which wholly inter- 
rupted said Trade and that by means of a variety of losses therein since, and 
misfortunes in Business he is reduced in such manner that he cannot pay 
his Debts, Praying for an Act of Insolvency as per Petition dated 17th 
April 1792 on file, which Petition first came before this Assembly in May 
last, and from thence was Continued to the Session in October last, and 
by further continuance now comes before this Assembly the Petitioner 
has appeared therein, his Creditors have been legally notified to appear 
and object if they should see cause, and have been here three Times 
publickly called but do not appear, and many of them have certified their 
consent to the granting of the Prayer of said Petition ^"^ 

Whereupon it is Resolved by this Assembly that the Person of the 
Petitioner and the Estate which he may herafter acquire be and the same 
are hereby protected and exempted from Arrest and Attachments Execu- 
tiones or Imprisonment for or on Account of any Debt or Debts due or 
oweing from him antecedent to the Date of his said Petition ; On Condition 
that he the Petitioner, deliver on or before the 20th Day of August next all 
his Estate of every kind or description, with all his Credits and property 
which he stands possessed of, except necessary Household Furniture and 
wearing Apparel of himself & Family upon Oath, into the Hands of 
Shubael Abbee and Hezekiah Ripley Esqrs and John Fitch all of said 
Windham who are hereby appointed Trustees to receive said Estate and 
Credits and average the same amongst said Creditors in proportion to 
their several Just Claims, and the said Trustees are hereby Authorized to 
receive said Estate, and to recover or transfer the Efifects of sd Petitioner 



46. Bela Elderkin, 1751-1829, was a son of Col. Jedediah Elderkin of Windham. 
After graduating from Yale in 1767, Bela Elderkin settled in Windham as a trader. 
He served during the Revolution as a lieutenant of marines. In the section of Wind- 
ham now known as Willimantic he later built a mill and kept a tavern. After 
1796 he moved to Cochecton, Sullivan County, New York, where he engaged in the 
lumber business. He first petitioned the assembly for an act of insolvency in May 
1792, but the petition was postponed. John Elderkin, 1745-1796 (?), cousin to Bela. 
was the son of Joseph Elderkin of Windham. He served in the Revolution as 
quartermaster of a Connecticut regiment. Conn. State Records, VII, 435 ; F. B. Dex- 
ter, Biographical Sketches of the Graduates of Yale College, III, 118, 216. 



70 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

from Time to Time as Occasion shall require in their own Names, and 
said Trustees shall be under Oath to make a faithfull and Just distribution 
of said Property, and to render to said Creditors a full Statement of their 
proceedings when thereto required, and they shall advertize at least three 
Weeks successively in the News Paper printed in said Windham the Time 
and Place of their' first Meeting, which shall be at the dwelling House of 
Jonathan Hebard in said Windham on the first Monday in August next, 
at wdiich Time the Majority of the Creditors in number and value may 
appoint One or more Trustees in Lieu of those hereby appointed to 
compleat said Business, who shall be considered as vested with the same 
Powers which are hereby vested in the forenamed Trustees for the pur- 
pose of settling and averaging the Estate of said Petitioner as aforesaid, 
and said Trustees shall have Liberty to receive a reasonable Sum out of 
said Estate for their service and expence. And a Certificate under the 
Hands of the Trustees hereby appointed that the said Petitioner hath 
fully compiled with this Resolve, shall forever after be an ample discharge 
to the said Bela Elderkin for any Debt or Debts due from him before the 
said Date of said Petition, and said Elderkin is likewise hereby protected 
from all Arrest or Imprisonment for Debts contracted before the Date 
of said Petition untill said Business is compleated. 

Upon the Petition of Ezra Bronson Esqr of Waterbury in the County 
of New Haven Shewing to this Assembly, That from an ill state of 
Health he was obliged to undertake Trade at an early Period of Life and 
by failure of one with whom he was Connected he lost a considerable part 
of his own and his Wifes Property that he has ever since pursued Business 
with the utmost assiduity fidelity and integrity but by sundry adverse 
events, misfortunes in Trade by failure of those whom he trusted, and by 
the depreciation of Continental Money he is so far reduced as to be unable 
to pay his Debts, that he is now at an advanced Period of Life and infirm 
Praying that on his delivering up his Property for the benefit of his 
Creditors his Person and future acquirements may be released from any 
Liability on account of Debts due at the Date of his Petition as per 
Memorial on file. It appearing that the facts in said Petition are Justly 
Stated, and that a large Proportion of his Creditors have consented to the 
Prayer of said Petition 

It is thereupon Resolved by this Assembly that the Person and future 
acquirements of the Petitioner be and the same are hereby protected from 
Arrest or any liability to Arrest for any Debt due at the Date of said 
Petition. 

Provided he the Petitioner deliver up to Commissioners hereafter named 
all his Estate both real & personal except necessary wearing apparel and 
property exempted by Law and except such as was under attachment at 
the Date of said Petition, And Ephraim Warner William Adams & Noah 
Baldwin all of Waterbury in the County of New Haven are hereby 
appointed Commissioners to receive under Oath all the Estate of the said 
Bronson under the aforesaid restrictions, and exceptions, and they are 
hereby directed to receive and recover all the aforesaid Estate of said 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 71 

Bronson, and to make disposition thereof for the Benefit of the Creditors 
according to their best discretion and Judgment and the said Commis- 
missioners are hereby directed to fix on some convenient Time and Place 
for the Purpose of receiving Claims in favour of the Creditors to said 
Bronson by Advertising the same in the New Haven, and one of the 
Hartford News Papers at least three Weeks before the Time of their 
Meeting for the Purpose aforesaid, and on receiving and Adjusting such 
Claims the said Commissioners are hereby directed to pay over to said 
Creditors the Avails of said Property according to their respective de- 
mands. And on the Petitioners deHvering to said Commissioners his afore- 
said Property under Oath they are hereby impowered to give him a 
Certificate thereof which shall be full Evidence of his haveing complied 
with the requisitions herein provided. 

And it is also cxpresly Provided that Sales of the Estate of said Bronson 
in Consequence of Attachments previous to the Date of said Petition or 
any attachment or legal Incumbrance on the Estate of the Petitioner shall 
have their legal Course and operation. And nothing herein shall be con- 
strued to extend to afl:'ect an Attachment and Levy of Execution in favour 
of Isaac Tomlinson against said Bronson or an Attachment in favour of 
Daniel Phenix for anv other attachment previous to the Date of said 
Petition.''^ 

Upon the Petition of Timothy Hall Junr of Cheshire in the County of 
New Haven, Shewing to this Assembly, That for a number of Years, he 
has been employed in the most industrious application to business for the 
purpose of procuring a Livelihood, but by sundry misfortunes and by a 
variety of Losses, he is so far reduced that he is totally unable to discharge 
the Debts which now exist and lie against him. That he has a large Family 
dependent on him for a support and that he cannot provide for himself 
or Family in his present situation Praying for an Act of Insolvency and 
that his Person and future acquirements may be protected from Arrest 
for Debts due at the Date of said Petition as per Memorial on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Person of the Pititioner and his 
future acquirements be and the same are hereby protected and exempted 
from Arrest or any liability to arrest or Attachment for any Debt due or 
oweing from him at the Date of his said Petition 

Provided he the Petitioner deliver up to Commissioners hereafter named 
all his Estate both real and personal except necessary wearing Apparel 
Household Furniture and Property exempted by Law, And Andrew Hull 
& William Parker of Cheshire &^ Ensign Hough of Wallingford in the 
County of New Haven are hereby appointed Commissioners to recover 
demand and receive all the aforesaid Estate of the Petitioner under Oath, 
and to make Sale & disposition thereof according to their best discretion 
& to the best Advantage for the benefit of said Creditors and they are 

,-^^- Jhe assembly had granted Ezra Bronson freedom from arrest in October 
1792. Conn. State Records, VII, 539. The Connecticut Courant, August 12, 1793. 
carried notice by Bronson's trustees of a creditors' meeting to be held on the first and 
last Tuesdays of September at the house of Capt. Samuel Judd in Waterbury. 



72 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

directed to meet at some convenient Time and Place for the Purpose of 
receiving & examing the Claims of said Petitioner in favour of said Cred- 
itors, and after givmg due Notice to said Creditors by Advertizing the 
same in the Connecticut Journal at least three Weeks before such Meeting, 
they are directed to make an equal dividend of said Property to said 
Creditors according to their respective Claims, And on the Petitioners 
delivering up his said Property under Oath as aforesaid to said Commisrs. 
they are hereby Impowered and directed to give him a Certificate thereof 
which shall be full Evidence of his having complied with the Provisions 
herein Provided and Enacted. 

Upon the Petition of Amos Allyn of Groton in New London County. 
Shewing to this Assembly that by means of various losses in the Course 
of Business in the late AVar and the depreciation of the Currency with 
which he was paid of forr large Demands for his Labour and service for 
the Pul)lick when the same was at the Rate of Twenty & thirty for One, 
which he received nominally, although he hath always observed the strictest 
Rules of Industry and Oeconomy he is reduced to such Circumstances 
that he is unable to pay his fust Debts, that he is advanced to more than 
fifty Years of Age, hath a large Family to support, and therefor Praying 
for an Act of Insolvency that on delivering up all his Estate both real & 
Personal to Trustees for the Benefit of his Creditors, excepting Household 
Furniture, and wearing Apparel he may be exonerated and discharged 
from all Debts contracted before the Date of said Petition as per Petition 
on file dated the 16th of April 1793, the Creditors of the Petitioner being 
legally Cited to appear before this Assembly, to shew Cause if any they 
had why the Prayer of sd Petition should not be granted, the Petitioner 
appeared but said Creditors being three Times publickly called did not 
appear, and sundry of said Creditors having Certified that they Avere 
willing that the Prayer thereof should be Granted, and by enquiry into 
the Facts stated in said Petition this Assembly find the Facts fully proved, 
and thereupon it is 

Resolved by this Assembly That on the Petitioners delivering up all his 
Estate both real and Personal into the Hands of Colo Nathan Gallop and 
Amos Geer Esqr. who are hereby appointed Trustees excepting House- 
hold Furniture & wearing Apparel on or before the first Day of July next 
on Oath for the Benefit of his Creditors, and obtaining a Certificate from 
them that he hath fully complied with this Act, the Petitioner be and he is 
hereby discharged from all Debts due before the Date of said Petition, 
And said Trustees shall meet at the dwelling House of Joseph Chapman 
on the 20th Day of August next to receive the Claims against said Estate, 
and adjust the same, which said Trustees shall advertize in the New 
London Gazette three Weeks previous to said Meeting, and said Trustees 
shall make a Just estimate and pay to the several Creditors their Proportion 
of said Estate, retaining only a reasonable Reward for Service & Expences, 
and all said Creditors who shall not exhibit their Claims to said Trustees 
within six Months from the first Day of June next, shall be debarred from 
any Benefit from said Estate. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 7Z 

Upon the Petition of John White of Hartford in Hartford County 
Shewing to this Assembly that by Sickness and other Misfortunes & 
losses he hath become wholly unable to pay his Just Debts Praying that 
upon his resigning into the Hands of Trustees upon Oath all his Estate 
for the Benefit of his Creditors his Person thereupon may be exempted 
from Imprisonment for any Debt due or oweing from his antecedent to 
the Date of said Petition, and it appearing to this .Vssembly that the Facts 
Stated in said Petition are Just and true, 

U is thereupon Resolved and Enacted by this Assembly that upon the 
said John Whites delivering upon ( )ath and assigning over into the Hands 
of John Dodd & Roderick Sheldon both of said Hartford who are hereby 
appointed Trustees to receive the same all his Estate both real & personal 
except his Household Furniture and the necessary wearing Apparel of 
himself and his Family, for the Benefit of his Creditors & obtaining from 
said Trustees a Certificate of his having so done, that the Person of said 
John White shall be by force of this Act, forever exonerated from all 
Arrests or Imprisonment, for or on Account of any Debt or Debts con- 
tracted before the Date of said Petition. And said Trustees are hereby 
directed and Impowered to warn a Meeting of said Creditors to be holden 
at the House of Moses Butler Innholder in said Hartford on the 20th Day 
of August next by advertizing the same in two or more of the News Papers 
in this State, three Weeks successively before the said 20th Day of August 
And said Creditors or a Major part of them present at such ]\leeting may 
displace any or both said Trustees, and appoint others in their stead, and 
also agree upon and prescribe regulations for said Trustees in the manage- 
ment and disposal of said Property, and also with respect to the payment 
of the several dividends to the Creditors, and also give Orders & 
directions how any future Meeting shall be warned, and on what Ocassions. 
and to do and conclude upon any other Matters and Things relating to 
said Estate, that may be necessary for the Benefit of said Creditors, And 
that the said John White be and he is hereby discharged from his Imprison- 
ment in Middlesex County Goal for the pur^xjses mentioned in this Act. 

Upon the Petition of David Brunson of Suffield in Hartford County, 
Shewing to this Assembly, that by means of great Losses & Misfortunes 
he is greatly embarrassed in his Circumstances and wholly unable to pay 
his Just Debts, Praying that upon his resigning into the Hands of Trustees 
upon Oath all his Estate for the Benefit of his Creditors, except his House- 
hold Furniture, and the necessary wearing Apparel of himself and his 
Family that thereupon he may be exonerated and discharged from all his 
Debts, contracted before the Date of said Petition and it appearing to this 
Assembly that the Faces stated in said Petition are Just and true, and no 
Opposition being made by any of his Creditors &c 

Whereupon it is Resolved and Enacted by this Assembly that upon the 
said David Brunsons delivering upon Oath and assigning over into the 
Hands of John Dewey and Nathaniel Rising both of said Suffield who 
are hereby appointed Trustees to receive the same, all his Estate both real 
& Personal except his Household Furniture and the necessary wearing 
Apparel of himself and his Family for the benefit of his Creditors, and 



74 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

obtaining from said Trustees a Certificate of his having so done he the 
said David Brunson his Person and Property shall be by force of this Act 
forever exonerated and discharged from all Attachments Executions and 
Suits at Law or Equity for & on Account of any Debt or Debts contracted 
before the Date of said' Petition, and said Trustees are hereby directed and 
Impowered to warn a Meeting of said Creditors to be held at the House 
of Seth Austin Innholder in said Suffield on the 20th Day of August next 
by Advertizing the same in two or more of the News Papers of this 
State three Wrecks successively before the said 20th Day of August, and 
the said Creditors or a Major part of them present at such Meeting may 
displace any or both of said Trustees and appoint others in their stead and 
also agree upon & prescribe regulations for said Trustees in the manage- 
ment and disposal of said Property and also with respect to the Payment 
of the several Dividends to the Creditors and also give Orders &: directions 
how any future Meeting shall be warned and on what Occasions, and to 
do and conclude upon any other Matter & Thing relating to said Estate 
that may be necessary for the Benefit of said Creditors^^ 

Upon the Memorial of William Greaves of Litchfield in the County of 
Litchfield, Shewing to this Assembly that Elisha & Rhoda Greaves are 
Seized in fee of seven Acres and fifty three Rods of Land lying in said 
Litchfield which came to them by Descent from their late Mother the late 
Wife of the said Williams, that the said Elisha & Rhoda are Minors under 
the Age of twenty One Years, and that the said Land is of little or no 
Benefit to them, but might be made beneficial by a Sale thereof Praying 
for an Act of this Assembly authorizing him to Sell the same and give 
a good Title thereto 

Resolved by this Assetnbly that the said William be and he is hereby 
Authorized & fully Impowered to Sell in fee simple and give a good and 
lawfuU Deed of the said Land to any Person or Persons, who may purchase 
the same, taking the direction of the Court of Probate for the District of 
Litchfield, 

Provided the said William do give a sufficient Bond with Surety to the 
said Court to pay over the neet proceeds of said Land to the said Elisha 
& Rhoda on their arriving to the Age of twenty One Years respectively. 

Upon the Petition of Ebenezer Chaplin of Suffield in the State of Connec- 
ticut Shewing to this Assembly. That Ebenezer Copley late of said Suffield 
Deed, while in Life by his two Deeds Dated the third Day of May 1783, 
Deeded to him the said Chaplin two certain Peices of Land lying in said 
Suffield and thereby Conveyed to him the said Chaplin the Use and 
Improvement of said Lands during the Life of said Chaplin, and the said 
Copley died soon after without acknoledging said Deeds. Praying for a 
Decree to record said Deeds as per Petition on file dated May 8th 1793 

48. This petition was continued from the October 1792 session. Conn. State 
Records, VII, 539. Notice of a creditors' meeting, to be held August 20, 1793, at the 
house of Seth Austin, innholder, of Suffield, appeared in the Connecticut Courant, 
July 29. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 75 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Register of Deeds for the Town of 
Sufifield be and he is hereby Ordered & directed to record said Deeds in 
his Office and that the same forever after shall be valid good & Authentick 
from the Date thereof any defect or want of acknoledgment notwith- 
standing. 

Upon the Petition of the Parish of North Fairfield in the Town of 
Weston in Fairfield County Shewing to this Assembly, that on the 25th 
Day of April A Dom 1781, this Parish of North Fairfield was a Part of 
the said Town of F'airfield, And that on that Day. Samuel Staples then of 
said North Fairfield but now deceased intending to make a Donation of 
a part of his Estate for the Purpose of erecting and establishing a free 
School in said Town of Fairfield, viz in said Parish of North Fairfield, to 
promote in Children & Youth usefull knoledge & virtue, did by his the said 
Staples Deed of that Date, duely executed acknoledged and afterwards re- 
corded according to Law, Convey to the Revd Robert Ross, Samuel Sher- 
wood and James Johnson, as Trustees, and to their Successors in Trustee- 
ship forever certain Tracts of Land in said Deed particularly described, to 
Have & to Hold to said Trustees and their Successors forever for the pur- 
pose of erecting maintaining and supporting a Free School as aforesaid in 
said Fairfield as by said Deed of Record may appear. And that it was the 
intention of said Staples that said School should be erected and maintained 
in said Parish of North Fairfield at or near the Lands so as aforesaid 
Granted to said Trustees ; but that it so happened that a Clause particu- 
larly directing that said Free School should be erected in said Parish 
of North Fairfield at or near the said Granted Lands, was omitted in 
said Grant; although it was the intention of said Staples that said Free 
School should be erected maintained and supported in said Parish of 
North Fairfield at or near said Granted Lands, and not elsewhere. And 
that said Staples, afterwards viz on the 30th Day of the same April, 
gave and executed to said Trustees for the same purpose a Power 
of Attorney authorizing said Trustees to Collect certain Sums of Money 
due on certain Notes Bonds Receipts Contracts and Writings belonging 
to said Staples, which had then lately been stolen, and such Sums to appro- 
priate to the support of said Free School, And further shewing that by 
a Resolve of the General Assembly holden at Hartford on the second 
Thursday of May A Dom 1781, the said Robert Ross, Samuel Sherwood 
& James Johnson were incorporated by the Name of Trustees of Staples, 
free School in Fairfield, but that the Trustees of said School do neglect 
and refuse to erect a School in said North Fairfield conformably to the 
intention of said Staples, Praying for releif as per Petition on file 

Resolved by his Assembly that the Trustees of said Free School shall 
within two Years from the rising of this Assembly, cause a School House 
to be built and erected, and a School forever after the expiration of said 
two Years to be maintained and kept on or near the said granted Lands 
near to the said North Fairfield Meeting And that Nehemiah Beardsley, 
David Olmsted & Andrew L Hill Esquires, be a Committee to repair to 
said Parish of North Fairfield and view the Circumstances and situation 
of said Granted Lands, and fix a Stake around which the Sills of such 



76 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

School House shall he laid, And said School House built, and that said 
Trustees shall erect a School House at such Place accordingly and that 
the Profits and avails of said Lands and the Interest of all the Moneys 
which have been by said Trustees at any Time collected from the said 
Notes Bonds receipts Contracts & writings as well that Interest and those 
Profits and Avails which have heretofore arisen and accrued as the 
Interest Profits and arrears which shall hereafter arise and accrue ex- 
cepting only such part of such Interest Profits and Avails which have been 
already bona fide expended in keeping and maintaining said free School, 
shall be by said Trustees applied to set up and erect and build said School 
House or Houses as they shall be needed and other convenient Buildings 
and to maintain and support a free School in said Parish of North Fairfield 
at such Place as shall be fixed upon by said Committee."*^ 

Upon the Petition of Jonathan Hall Junr Elam Cook and Abigail 
his Wife, Samuel Talmadge & Phebe his Wife and David Hall Shewing 
to this Assembly that on the sixth Day of April 1751. Joseph Hall Deceasd 
Father of the Petitioner purchased of Stephen Judd Deceasd then in full 
Life a certain Indian Molattoe Girl named Rhoda as and for a Slave for 
Life and took a Bill of Sale of said Rhoda with Covenants of Warrentee 
that she was a Slave for Life, that Thomas Fenn is Administrator on the 
Estate of said Judd. that said Joseph educated and brought up said Rhoda 
& retained her in his Service for many Years during Vvdiich Time she had 
a number of Children born in the House of said Joseph who was at great 
Expence in taking Care of nursing & bringing them up that said Joseph 
afterwards in his Life Time sold said Rhoda together with Peter One of 
her Children to Joel Ives and said Ives sold said Rhoda to David Hotchkiss 
& said David toDick Bristol and said Ives sold said Peter to Samuel Clark 
& said Clark to Samuel Bellamy, that said Joseph sold Lilly another of 
the Children of said Rhoda to the Revd John Lewiss & said Lewiss to 
John Robins Junr. that said Joseph sold George one other of the Children 
of said Rhoda to Daniel Plumb and said Plumb to Richard Dowd since 
Deceasd upon whose Decease Corn well, Richard, & Benjamin Dowd Sons 
& Executors of said Deceasd in the distribution of the Estate of said 
Deceasd Richard caused said George to be set to Samuel Wilcox who sold 



49. The petition of the inhabitants of the parish of North Fairfield was lengthy, 
recounting in great detail the story of Samuel Staples' (1709-1787)), decision to 
turn over to the society the four hundred acres he owned in the center of the parish 
as a support for a free school. At the time he made his will Staples had no living 
relatives, and had felt that his turning over this trust would enable the prospective 
town of Weston to increase in wealth and population. Robert Ross and Samuel 
Sherwood were the ministers of Stratford and Norfield respectively, and did not 
wish to see the school established in North Fairfield. For more than ten years the 
school had been shifted from one parish of Fairfield to another,__ and at the time of 
the present petition was in the First Society of Fairfield. In 1787 North Fairfield 
Society had been incorporated as the town of Weston. The resolve of 1793 estab- 
lished the school permanently in that town. Barber in his edition of 1849 noted that 
the school still existed as the Staples Free Academy of Weston. Conn. State Records, 
III, 405-406; Connecticut State Archives, Colleges and Schools, Series II, II, 120- 
125; John Warner Barber, Connecticut Historical Collections, . . . (New Haven, 
1849), p. 409. For another resolve on this school see below, p. 462. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 77 

him to said John Robins Junr, that said Joseph at his Death left Hampton 
another of the Children of said Rhoda who came into the Hands of said 
Jonathan Hall Junr his Executor who afterwards sold said Hampton to 
Simeon Bristol Esqr. and said Bristol to Robert Martin since Deed and 
upon his Death said Hampton came into the Hands of Samuel Clark and 
John Martin his Executors, that since the Death of said Joseph said 
Hampton claimed his Freedom upon the Ground of his Mother said Rhoda 
beino^ free born, and bound out to Adam Hurd in 1741, who sold said 
Rhoda to Mary Wheeler in 1747, and afterwards said Mary intermarried 
with said Stephen Judd who sold said Rhoda to said Joseph Hall as 
aforesd That there had been Suits at Law relative to the Freedom of said 
Negroes, which had Issued both for and against the Freedom of said 
Negroes, and that other Suits were Pending and would probably be com- 
menced, that to settle all the various Claims of those Negroes and 
transfers that have been made of them in the ordinary & Common 
Course of Law. would unavoidably end in the total ruin of sundry 
Persons, would probably produce many contradictory Judgments, and 
involve the Parties in endless Litigation, and that there is no Court of 
Law or Equity who have sufficient Power to take up said Controversy 
and do substantial Justice to all the Parties Interested in said Matter 
Praying this Assembly to take up said Matter by themselves or a wise and 
Judicious Committee, and upon examining into the Facts they should 
find said Rhoda to be free Born so to declare and to adjust and settle all 
the Claims which the several Purchasers in Justice and Equity have upon 
each other and render Judgment for such Sum or Sums as they shall be 
Justly entitled &c as per Petition on file &c which Petition being duely 
served and returned to said General Asseml^ly held on said 29th Day 
of December, said Assembly did pass a Resolve and appoint the Honble 
Stephen Mix Mitchell, Jonathan Ingersol & Asher Miller Esqr. a Com- 
mittee to examine into the facts Stated in said Petition and make Report 
to the Assembly to be holden in May or October then next, and in May 
1791, said General Assembly passed a further Resolution impowering said 
Committee to appoint Guardians to such of the Respondents as were 
Minors, and said Committee did make Report in October 1791 that they 
had appointed Guardians to such of the Respondents as were Minors, but 
that the Persons \\'hom they appointed had declined acting as Guardians 
by reason whereof they were prevented from proceeding in said Business, 
which said Petition and Report being Continued to May 1792 said 
Assembly in said May passed a further Resolution reappointing said Com- 
mittee with the same Powers and Authorities as were given by said first 
appointment excepting only that it was Provided by said Resolution that 
nothing done by said Committee or by the General Assembly on said 
Petition should be considered as affecting the Claims of said Negroes to 
their Freedom, and the Committee were thereupon authorized to proceed 
the Minority of any of the sd Respondents notwithstanding and to make 
Report to the General Assembly to be holden in October then next 
or some future Assembly, whereupon said Committee having duely notified 
the Parties and fully heard them on the subject matter of said Petition, 



78 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

did make their Report thereon to this Assembly which has been duely 
accepted and approved by which it appears that on the 6th of April 1751, 
said Stephen judd sold and warranted said Rhoda as and for a Slave for 
Life to said Joseph Hall who in November 1779 Sold said Rhoda to Joel 
Ives and said Ives afterwards sold her to David Hotchkiss and said 
Hotchkiss on the 5th of April 1784 to Dick a free Negroe whose Wife 
she was and with whom she now remains, that while said Rhoda remained 
in the possession of said Joseph and was considered as his Property she 
had four Children viz Lilly, Hampton, George & Peter, that on the 23d 
of October 1779 said Joseph sold said Lilly to John Lewiss & said Lewiss 
to John Robins Junr on the 20th Day of June 1786, who is the last Pur- 
chaser, that said Joseph sold George to Daniel Plumb & said Plumb 
to Richard Dowd who afterwards died and in the Settlement of his Estate 
said George was sett to Samuel Wilcox as part of his Portion, and said 
Samuel on the 9th of February 1785 sold said George to said John 
Robins Junr who is the last Purchaser, that in November 1779 said Joseph 
sold said Peter to said Joel Ives, & said Ives to Samuel Clark on the 6th 
Day of May 1780. and said Clark to Samuel Bellamy on the 29th Day 
of July 1780 who was the last Purchaser, that said Jonathan Hall since 
the Death of said Joseph sold said Hampton on the 16th Day of January 
1786 to Simeon Bristol Esqr and said Bristol on the 20th of February 
1786, to Robert Martin then in Life but since dead. & was the last Pur- 
chaser. And that said Rhoda and all her Children were born free, the 
Committee were therefore of Opinion, that the last and intermediate 
Purchasers ought to recover Damages of the Persons of whom they re- 
spectively purchased, the said John Robins Junr of Eunice Lewiss & 
Martin Lewiss Administrators on the Estate of John Lewiss who is 
Deceased the Sum of £30.0.0 L Money and the said Eunice & Martin in 
their said Capacity of the Petitioners the like Sum of £30.0.0. on the re- 
spective Warrantees of the said Lilly, And that said John Robins Junr 
recover of the said Salmuel Wilcox the sum of £23.0.0 L Money Damages, 
and the said Wilcox of the like Sum of £23.0.0 of Corn well Dowd, Richard 
Dowd & Benjamin Dowd Executors of the last Will & Testament of said 
Richard Dowd Deceasd & said Executors the Sum of £10.0.0 L Money of 
said Daniel Plumb & the said Daniel Plumb the like Sum of £10.0.0 of the 
Petitioners on the respective Warrantees in the Sale of said George, 
And that said Samuel Bellamy recover of the said Samuel Clark the 
Sum of £8.0.0 L Money, and the said Clark of the said Joel Ives the Sum 
of £6.0.0 on the respective Warrantees on the Sales of said Peter. And 
that said Joel Ives recover of the Petitioner the Sum of £20.0.0 L Money 
on the Warranty of said Joseph on the Sale of said Rhoda. the Committee 
awarded no Damages in favour of said Dick against said Hotchkiss nor 
in favour of said Hotchkiss against said Ives, as said Hotchkiss was not 
notified or present to Claim Damages or defend against them, And that 
said Samuel Clark & John Martin as Executors of the last Will & 
Testament of said Robert Martin Deceasd recover of the said Simeon 
Bristol Esqr. the Sum of £40.0.0 L M and the said Bristol of said 
Jonathan Hall the like Sum of £40.0.0. and the further Sum of £4.14.1 1 Cost 
of a Suit pending before the Superior Court for New Haven County on 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 79 

the respective Warrantees on the Sales of said Hampton. And that the 
Petitioners Recover of said Thomas Fenn, as he is Administrator on 
the Estate of said Stephen Judd Deceasd the Sum of £25.0.0 L Money 
Damages on the Warranty of said Stephen, on the Sale of said Rhoda, 
As per Report &c on file &c 

It is thereupon Resolved by this Assembly, that said John Robbins Junr, 
recover of said Eunice Lewiss & Martin Lewiss Administrators on the 
Estate of said John Lewiss Deceasd, the Sum of £30.0.0 L Money Damages, 
and said Eunice & Martin in their said Capacity recover of the Petitionrs 
the Sum of £30.0.0 L Money Damages, and that said John Robins Junr 
recover of said Samuel Willcox the Sum of £23.0.0 L Money Damages. 
And that said Samuel Wilcox recover of said Cornwall Dowd. Richard 
Dowd & Benjamin Dowd Executors of the said Richard Dowd Deceasd 
the Sum of £23.0.0 L Money Damages. And that said Executors recover 
of said Daniel Plumb the Sum of £10.0.0 L Money Damages. And that 
said Daniel Plumb recover of the Petitioners the Sum of £10.0.0 L A^oney 
Damages. And that said Samuel Bellamy recover of the said Samuel Clark, 
the Sum of £8.0.0 L Money Damages ; And the said Samuel Clark recover 
of said Joel Ives the Sum of £6.0.0 L Money Damages, And that said Joel 
Ives recover of the Petitioners the Sum of £20.0.0 L Money Damages. And 
that said Samuel Clark & John Martin as Executors of said Robert Martin 
Deceasd, Recover of said Simeon Bristol Esqr. the Sum of £40.0.0 L 
Money Damages, and the said Simeon Bristol of said Jonathan Hall, the 
Sum of £44.14.11 L Money; And that the Petitioners Recover of said 
Thomas Fenn, Administrator on the Estate of Stephen Judd Deceasd 
the Sum of £25.0.0 L Money Damages, together with the Cost of this 
Suit, the Court Fees. Committees Fees & Expences. taxed at £29.1.9 
L Money And that Executions go forth in due and common Form 

And it is hereby Resolved & declared that all further Claims or Pro- 
ceedings between said Parties for or on xA.ccount of any Purchase or Sales 
of said Negroes be and the same is hereby Barred and forever quieted. ^*^ 

Upon the Petition of Samuel Mclntire and Mary his Wife, both of 
West Springfield in Hampshire County & Commonwealth of Massa- 
chusets, which said Mary is only Child and Heir at Law to Thomas King 
the Younger late of Sufiield in Hartford County Deceased, who was only 
Son. and One of the Heirs at Law to Thomas King the Elder late of the 
same Suffield Deceasd. and Seth Kent & Susa his wife, both of Suffield 
aforesaid which said Susa is only Daughter to Thomas the Elder above 
mentioned and One of his Heirs at Law Shewing to this Assembly that 
said Thomas the Elder, on the 30th of March 1757, for a valuable Con- 
sideration purchased of Martin Kellogg late of said Suffield Deceasd, a 
Peice of Land lying in said Suffield containing five Acres and bounded 
as follows to wit lying on the Pine Plain South of the Brook, beginning 
at a Stake a few Rods from said Brook which is the North East Corner, 

SO. For the appointment of the committee in this case and its subsequent re- 
appomtment m several sessions, see Conn. State Records, VII, 225-227 285-286 
429-430. 



80 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

then running bv Samuel Lanes Lands South 42 Degrees 30 minits West 
31 Rods, thence bv Joseph Kings Land 32 Degrees East, South 27 Rods 
to a Stake & Stones, thence North 42 Degrees 30 Minits to the Highway, 
thence by the Highway to the said first Bounds, And said Martin then 
executed his Conveyance of the Premisses to the said Thomas the Elder 
and his Heirs and Assigns forever, And said Thomas the Elder entered 
and Died Seized thereof, and his Estate was distributed to said Thomas 
the Younger & said Susa, and upon said distribution the Premisses were 
set apart to said Thomas the Younger, who entered thereinto and, and 
[Sici died Seized thereof leaving said Mary his only Heir at Law, who 
was then an Infant, and said Deed never hath been acknoledged & Re- 
corded, and said Martin hath since Died during said Marys minority leav- 
ing Phillis Kellogg his Widow & Jonthn Kellogg, Joseph Kellogg Ardpn 
Kellogg, Rebecca Kellogg & Polly Kellogg his only Children and Heirs 
at Law, which said Polly hath since intermarried with Thomas Pemberton. 
Praying that said Deed might be recorded, and said Mary be vested with 
the same Right & Title to said Premisses as she would have had if said 
Deed had 1)een acknoledged and Recorded according to Law as per 
Petition on file. Dated April 15th 1793 

Resolved bv this Assembly that said Deed shall be Recorded in the 
Records of Deeds of said Town of Suffield, and the Register of Deeds for 
said Town is herel^y directed to record the same, and that thereupon the 
same Right & Title to said Premisses be vested in said Mary, as she would 
[have] had if said Deed had l^een duely acknoledged and Recorded as 
the Law directs. 

Upon the Memorial of John Chester Noadiah Hooker John Caldwell 
& John Morgan the Committee for building a State House in Hartford, 
Representing to this Xssembly that the Money already provided for 
that purpose, will be insufficient to compleat the Building on the plan 
proposed, and Praying for a Grant of a Lottery for raising the Sum of 
Four Thousand Pounds for the said purpose. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Petitioners have Liberty to raise 
by Lottery, the Sum of five Thousand Pounds lawfuU Money including 
Expences, and the said John Chester Noadiah Hooker, John Caldwell, 
John Morgan & John Trumbull or any three of them be and are hereby 
appointed Managers of said Lottery, And the Managers are hereby 
required before they enter on said Trust to enter into Bonds with sufficient 
Sureties to the Treasurer of this State in the Sum of Fifty Thousand 
Dollars Conditioned for a faithful discharge of their Duty in the Manage- 
ment of said Lottery, and application of the Moneys to the Purpose of 
erecting and compleating said .State House in Hartford ; And in Case any 
Surplus of Money so raised by said Lottery should remain after compleat- 
ing said House the Managers are hereby directed to pay over the same into 
the Treasury of the State.^^ 

51. The committee for building the new Hartford State House had been appointed 
in May 1792. Conn. State Records. VIT. 394, and note. This lottery of 1793 was 
unsuccessful. Work came to a halt when only the walls had been completed. For 
further schemes for completing the building, see below% pp. 255-56, 292, 468. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 81 

Resolved by this Assembly that a certain Grant of four thousand Pounds 
L Money for the purpose of erecting a State House for the accomodation 
of the State in Hartford be reconsidered and that the Sum of five Thousand 
Pounds Lawfull Money including expences to be raised by Lottery, be the 
Sum Granted for the Purpose aforesaid. 

Uon the Petition of Daniel Tyler. Daniel Tyler Junr. James Tyler a 
Minor under the Age of 21 Years & who Petitions by and with the advice 
& consent of his Guardian Daniel Tyler Junr vs. Joseph Baker of 
Brooklyn one of the principal Inhabitants of sd Town & the rest of the 
Inhabitants of said Town of Brooklyn Dated the 30th Day of April 1792. 
preferred to this Assembly The Question was put whether the Prayer 
of this Petition should be granted. 

Resolved by this Assembly in the Negative. 

Cost allowed Respondents £5.6.4. 
Execution Granted May 31st 1793. 

Upon the Petition of William Henry Wattles of Norwich in New 
London County vs William Gran and others of New York in the State of 
New York, and George Philips & Company of Middletown &c in the State 
of Connecticut Respondents, on file dated August 29th 1792 ; The Question 
was put whether the Prayer of said Petition should be Granted, 

Resolved by this Assembly in the Negative. 

Upon the Petition of Zebulon Tyler, of Canterbury in the County 
of W^indham vs Oliver Tyler of said Canterbury Executor of the last Will 
and Testament of John Tyler, late of Canterbury aforesaid Deceasd 
Respondent on file Dated October 1st 1792, The Question was put 
whether the Pleas offered on the part of the Respondent in Abatement 
of said Petition are sufficient to abate the same 

Resolved by this Assembly in the Affirmative, 

Costs allowed the Respondents is £2.9.6 L Money. 
Execution Granted May 31st 1793. 

Upon the Petition of John Barker of Windham in the County of 
Windham vs Priscilla Barker & Nehemiah Barker, Administrators on the 
Estate of Eliphalet Barker late of Lebanon in said County Deceasd, and 
others named in said Petition on file Dated February 4th 1793 Respon- 
dents. The Question was put whether the Prayer of said Petition 
should be granted, and 

Resolved by this Assembly in the Negative. 

Costs allowed Respondents is £3.14.6 L Money 
Execution granted May 24th 1793. 

Ebenezer Jackson of Cornwall in the County of Litchfield Petitioner 
vs Judson Canfield Esqr. of Sharon in the County aforesaid. Administrator 
on the Estate of Jabez Swift late of Salisbury in said County Deceasd 
Respondent in a certain Petition lying before this Assembly on file 



82 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

Dated August 12th 1792, The said Parties heing here Present, the 
Petitioner withdrew his said Petition, and would no further prosecute 
the same, And on Motion of the Respondent for Costs &c, the Sum of 
£3.15.0 L Money is allowed to him for Cost against the Petitioner aforesaid. 

Execution Granted May 28th 1793. 

Winthrop Saltonstall of New London in the County of New London 
Petitioner vs. Thomas Wharton & Isaac Wharton both of Philadelphia 
in the State of Pensylvania and others named in a certain Petition Re- 
spondents, lying by Continuance before the present Assembly, and on 
file Dated May 7th 1792; And now the Petitioner the said Winthrop 
Saltonstall. was three Times publickly called but did not appear further 
to prosecute his Petition aforesaid, the said Respondents appeared and 
on their Motion for Costs &c the Sum of £3.10.4 L Money is allowed 
to them for Costs against him the Petitioner aforesaid. 

Execution Granted May 21st 1793. 

William Ryon of New London in the County of New London Petitioner 
vs John Frost of the City County & State of New York & others named 
in a certain Petition brott to and lying before the present Assembly, and 
on file, dated April 10th 1793, Respondents; And now the Petitioner 
the said John Frost •''^ was three Times publickly called but did not 
appear to prosecute his Petition aforesaid the said Respondents appeared 
and on their Motion for Costs &c the Sum of £2.3.8 L Money is allowed 
to them for Costs against him the Petitioner aforesaid. 

Execution Granted May 24th 1793. 

Elisha How of Glastonbury in the County of Hartford Petitioner 
vs Simeon Belden of W^eathersfield in said County and others named in 
a certain Petition brott to and lying before the present Assembly and on 
file, Dated April 25th 1793, Respondents, The said Petitioner appeared 
and the said Respondents were three Times Publickly called but did 
not appear to answer or defend in the Cause ; And after hearing the 
Petitioner and his Council on the subject matter of said Petition, 
The Question was put whether the Prayer thereof should be Granted 
and 

Resolved by this Assembly in the Negative. 

Memorandm, Pursuant to a Resolve of this Present Assembly upon 
the Petition and Report of a Committee, of Jonathan Hall Junr &c vs. 
Samuel Clark &c entered at large on the Proceeding Records, Executions 
were granted out viz Execution was Granted to the Petitioner Thomas 
Fenn Administrator to Stephen Judds Estate for the Sum of £25.0.0 L 
Money Damages and the Cost £29.1.9 L Money Dated May 30th 1793. -^^ 



52. A mistake for William Ryon. 

53. This and the four items immediately following are the money settlements in the 
case of Rhoda (above, pp. 76-79). It would appear that lines 4-5 should read ". . . to 
the Petitioner against Thomas henn Administrator on Stephen Judds Estate . . ." 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 83 

Execution granted to Samuel Wilcox of Berlin against Cornwall 
Dowd, Richard Dowd & Benjamin Dowd of Middletown, Executors of 
the last Will & Testament of Richard Dowd Deceasd for the Sum of 
£23.0.0 L Money Dated June 17th 1793. 

Execution granted to Eunice Lewiss and Martin Lewiss of W^eathers- 
field Administrators on the Estate of John Lewiss late of Weathersfield 
Deceasd, against Jonathan Hall Junr Elam Cook & Abigail his Wife. 
Samuel Talmadge & Phebe his Wife and David Hall all of Cheshire in 
the County of New Haven for the Sum of £v30.0.0 L Money Damages 
dated June 7th 1793. 

Execution granted to Samuel Clark against Joel Ives of Cheshire in 
the Countv of New Haven for the Sum of £6.0.0 L Money Damage 
dated the I'Oth of June 1793. 

Execution granted to Joel Ives against Jonathan Hall Jur Elam Cook 
and Abigail his Wife. Samuel Talmadge & Phebe his Wife & David 
Hall for the Sum of £20.0.0 lawfull Monev Damages dated the 11th 
of June 1793. 

Resolved by this Assembly that all Petitions Memorials, Reports of 
Committees and all Matters pending before this Assembly be Continued 
and they are hereby continued to the General Assembly to be holden at 
New Haven in October next. 

This Assembly do Grant to His Excellency the Governor the Sum 
of One Hundred & Fifty Pounds lawfull Money for the first half of his 
Salary the current Year. 

This Assembly do Grant to His Honor the Lieutenant Governor the 
Sum of Fifty Pounds lawfull Money for the first half of his Salary the 
Current Year. 

This Assembly do Grant to Andrew Kingsbury Esquire late Comp- 
troller of the Public Accounts of this State the Sum of One Hundred 
Pounds Lawfull Money for the last half of his Salary the Year past. 

This Assembly do Grant to George Wyllys Esqr. the Sum of Twenty 
Pounds lawfull Money for his Salary the last Year. 

This Assembly was adjourned by Proclamation until the Governor, 
or in his Absence, the Lieutenant Governor, shall see Cause, to call it, 
to meet again. ^'^ 

Teste George Wyllys Secretary 

54. The Assembly Journal, May 31, contains the following account of the end of 
the session: "The Business of the Session being drawn to a close on Message from 
^? ^r" ^"^^ ^'""^ ^°^^^ attended in Council Chamber, heard prayers by the Reverend 
Mr Flint, and after a concise address from his Excellency in which he recommended 
due subordination to Government and a strict observance of Neutrality with the 
powers at War in Europe the Assembly was adjourned in usual form" 



84 PUBLIC RECORDS October, 

STATE OF CONNECTICUT 

At a General Assembly of the State of Connecticut Holden at 
New Haven in said State, on the second Thursday of October 

BEING THE TENTH DaY OF SAID MONTH, AND CONTINUED BY SEVERAL 

Adjournments to the 31st Day of October instant Anno 
Domini 1793.^ 

Present 

His Excellency Samuel Huntington Esquire Governor. 
The Honorable Oliver Wolcott Esquire, Lieut Governor. 

William Williams Esqr 

Joseph P Cook Esqr 

William Hillhouse Esqr 

John Treadwell Esqr 

James Davenport Esqr 

Roger Newberry EsqrJ' Assistants 

Heman Swift Esqr 

John Chandler Esqr 

Jonathan Ingersoll Esqr 

Thomas Grosvenor Esqr 

Thomas Seymour Esqr 

Representatives of the Freemen of the several Tozvns in this State who 
attended this Assembly are as follow vie. 

Mr Jonathan Bull, Mr Chauncey Goodrich, for Hartford 

Mr Zebulon Peck, , for Bristol 

Mr Gad Stanley, Mr Selah Hart, for Berlin 
Mr Eliphalet Terry, Mr John Reynolds, for Enfield 
Mr Elisha Pitkin, Mr Jonathan Wells, for East Hartford 
Mr Noadiah Hooker, Mr William Judd. for Farmington 
Mr Isaac Wells, Mr Joseph Mosely, for Glastonbury 

Mr Pliny Hillyer, , for Granby 

Mr Daniel Humphry, Mr Noah Phelps, for Symsbury 

Mr Samuel Hale, Mr Gideon Granger Junr, for Suffield 

Mr Timothy Clark. Mr Asa Barns, for Southington 

Mr Roger Wells, Mr Ezekiel P Belden. for Weathersfield 

Mr Oliver Mather, Mr Hezekiah Bissell, for Windsor 

Mr Frederick Elsworth, Mr Samuel Treat, for East Windsor 

Mr David Daggett, Mr William Hillhouse, for New Haven 

Mr Edward Russell, Mr. William Gould, for Branford 

Mr Andrew Hull, Mr Andrew Hull Junr, for Cheshire 



1. Among matters considered at this session but not favorably acted upon were: 
a bill relative to usury ; a bill concerning slavery ; a bill authorizing the appointment 
of trustees to receive grants and hold property for the benefit of the bishop of the 
Episcopal Church ; a bill revoking the powers of the committee for the sale of western 
lands ; and a bill respecting nominations for representatives to Congress. 



^:3 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 85 

Mr Leman Stone, Mr Thomas Clark, for Derby 
Mr Simeon Parsons, Mr Dan Parmcle, for Durham 

Mr Samuel Davenport, , for East Haven 

Mr Simeon Bristol, , for Hamden 

Mr Andrew Ward, Mr John Eliotl, for Guilford 

Mr Charles Pond, Mr Abraham Van Horn De Witt, for Milford 

Mr Joel Blakely, , for North Haven 

Mr John McCleave, Mr Dan Collins, for Wallingford 
Mr Joseph Hopkins, Mr John Welton, for Waterbury 
Mr Samuel Osborn, Mr David French, for Woodbridge 
Mr Joshua Coit, Mr Guy Richards, for New London 

Mr William Throop, , for Bozrah 

Mr John I sham, Mr John R Watrous. for Colchester 

Mr Thomas Hyde, , for Franklin 

Mr Simeon Smith, Mr Nathan Gallop, for Groton 
Mr Lemuel Lee, Mr Israel Reeve, for Lyme 

Mr Samuel Loveit, , for Lisbon 

Mr Joshua Raymond, , for Montville 

Mr Joseph Williams, Mr Elisha Hyde, for Norwich 
Mr Isaac Avery, Mr W'heeler Coit, for Preston 
Mr Latham Hull, Mr Daniel Denison, for Stonington 
Mr Elijah Abel, Mr David Burr, for Fairfield 

Mr Benjamin Bostwick, , for Brookfield 

Mr Eli Mygat, Mr Justus Barnum, for Danbury 

Mr Amos Mead, Mr Jabez Fitch, for Greenwich 

Mr Elihu Curtiss, Mr David Judson, for Huntington 

Mr Thomas Belden, Mr Samuel Comstock, for Norwalk 

Mr James Potter, Mr Nehemiah Beardsley, for New Fairfield 

Mr John Beach, Mr William Edmond, for Newtown 

Mr Hezekiah Sanford, Mr Simeon Munger, for Reading 

Mr John Davenport, Mr Benja Scofield, for Stamford 

Mr Joshua King, Mr David Olmsted, for Ridgfield 

Mr Jabez H Tomlinson, Mr Jeremiah Beardsley, for Stratford 

Mr Samuel B Sherwood, , for Weston 

Mr Zephaniah Swift, Mr Eliphalet Dyer, for Windham 
Mr Eseck Saunders, Mr Jason Woodward, for Ashford 

Mr James Eldridge, for Brooklyn 

Mr Daniel Frost, Mr Stephen Butts, for Canterbury 

Mr Thomas Stedman, , for Hampton 

Mr Eleazer Moffett, Mr Isaac Hutchins, for Killingley 
Mr Elkanah Tisdale, Mr Ebenezer Bushnell, for Lebanon 
Mr Benja Storrs, Mr Jesse M'illiams, for Mansfield 
Mr Jonathn Hammet, Mr William Pierce, for Plainfield 
Mr Ebenezer Kingsbury, Mr John Trowbridge, for Pomfrett 

Mr Isreal Smith, , for Thompson 

Mr David Gallop, Mr Samuel Kinney, for Voluntown 
Mr John McLellan, Mr John Fox, for Woodstock 
Mr Bozaleel Bebee, Mr John Allen, for Litchfield 
Mr David Ambler, , for Bethlem 



86 PUBLIC RECORDS October, 

Mr John Watson, Mr Nathan Hale, for Canaan 

Mr Samuel Wadsworth, Mr Tryal Tanner, for Cornwall 

Mr Adino Hale, Mr Samuel Hopkins, for Goshen 

Mr Uriel Holmes, Mr Eleazer Ensign, for Hartland 

Mr Daniel Catlin, Mr Josiah Phelps, for Harwington 

Mr Aaron Austin, Mr Seth Spencer, for New Hartford 

Mr Giles Pettibone, Mr Asahel Humphry, for Norfolk 

Mr Increase Mosely, , for Southbury 

Mr David Downs, Mr Samuel Canfield, for Sharon 

Mr Hezekiah Fitch, Mr Adonijah Strong, for Salisbury 

Mr Daniel N Brinsmade, Mr David Whittlesey, for Washington 

Mr Seth Hills, , for Winchester 

Mr John Talmadge, , for Warren 

Mr Nathan Preston, Mr Nathaniel Smith, for W^oodbury 
Mr Thomas Fenn, Mr Joseph A Wright, for Watertown 
Mr Elisha Smith, Mr Shubael Griswold, for Torrington 
Mr Elisha Bostwick, Mr Angus Nicholson, for New Milford 

Mr Peter Comstock, , for Kent 

Mr Elijah Hubbard, Mr Samuel W Dana, for Middletown 

Mr Hezekiah Goodrich, Mr Timothy Rogers, for Chatham 

Mr Epaphroditus Champion, Mr Eliphalet Holmes, for East Haddam 

Mr Cornelius Higgins, Mr Ezra Brainerd, for Haddam 

Mr Joseph Wilcox, Mr Abraham Pier son, for Killingworth 

Mr William Hart, Mr Jonathan Lay, for Saybrook 

Mr Jeremiah West, Mr Daniel Edgerton, for Tolland 

Mr Elijah W^hite, Mr Samuel Carver, for Bolton 

Mr John Hale, Mr Eleazer Pomeroy, for Coventry 

Mr Matthew Hyde, , for Ellington 

Mr Samuel Gilbert, Mr Sylvester Gilbert, for Hebron 
Mr Reuben Sykes, Mr Abiel Pease, for Somers 

Mr Samuel Crawford, , for Union 

Mr Minor Grant, Mr Samuel Dunton, for Willington 
Mr J ohn Phelps, Mr Jesse Cady, for Stafford 



Joshua Coit Esqr Speaker 
Zephaniah Swift Esquire Clei'k 
Samuel W Dana Esquire Clerk 
David Daggett Esquire Clerk 



of the House of 
Representatives 



An Act declaring the Tenure of Lands in this State.- 

Whereas by the Charter of Charles second, the Lands in the then 
Colony of Connecticut, were holden of the King of England, by the 

2. The Charter of 1662 had declared: "And Knowc yee further, That Wee . . . 
Doe Give, Graunt and Confirme unto the said Governor and Company and their 
Successors, all that parte of our Dominions in Newe England in America . . . 
To have and to hold the same unto the said Governor and Company, their Successors 
and Assignes, for ever upon Trust and for the use and benefitt of themselves and their 
Associates, freemen of the said Colony, their heires and Assignes, To bee holden 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT ^7 

Tenure of Free and Common Soccage, and by the establishment of the 
Independance of the United States, the Citizens of this State became 
vested with an Allodial Title to their lands ; 

Be it therejorc declared by tJie Governor and Council and House of 
Representatives in General Court Assembled, That every Proprietor in 
fee simple of Lands, has an absolute and direct dominion and property 
in the same. 



An Act for Ordering and disposing of Lunaticks, and other Insane Persons, 
who are dangerous, and unfit to go at large.** 

Be it Enacted by the Governor, and Council and House of Representa- 
tives in General Court Assembled, that if any distracted or Lunatick 
Person shall go at large, who is dangerous, and unfit to be without re- 
straint, whereby any Person may be endangered in Person or Estate, it 
shall be the Duty of the Civil Authority and Select Men of the Town 
where such distracted or Lunatick Person belongs, or resides to Order 
and direct that he be confined in some suitable Place; and in Case the 
Person or Persons under whose Care such Lunatick or distracted Person 
shall be, or who are bound to provide for and support him, shall refuse 
or neglect to confine such Lunatick or distracted Person, in such Place 
and manner as by said Civil Authority and Select Men shall be directed ; 
then the said Civil Authority and Select Men, may and shall take all 
proper and effectual Measures to prevent such Lunatick or distracted 
Person or Persons from going at large, and for his or her confinement in 
some suitable Place, and for his or her support and oversight therein; 
x\nd the said Civil Authority and Select Men may if by them found neces- 
sary Order such Insane Person or Persons to be committed to the Goal in 
that County where he or she dwells, there to be closely and securely kept 

of us, our heires and Successors, as of our Mannor of East Greenewich, in Free and 
Comon Soccage, and not in Capite nor by Knights Service . . . ." The allodial title 
conferred by the establishment of independence was title within the present meaning 
of the term allodial, that of absolutely independent ownership, subject to no "rent, 
service, or acknowledgment to a superior." The present act gave the same title to 
individual proprietors in fee simple. Colonial Records of Connecticut, II, 10 ; Norman 
S. B. Gras, A History of Agriculture in Europe and America (New York, 1925), 
pp. 254-257. 

3. The iirst Connecticut act for care and restriction of the insane, in 1699, made 
the estate of the insane person or idiot liable for his support and placed on the town 
responsibility for his care. A further act of 1727 provided that insane persons not 
otherwise provided for might be placed in workhouses. The present act made the 
selectmen responsible for confining such persons, in jail if necessary, although no 
longer in workhouses. In 1797 jails were closed to insane persons; the first public 
asylum was not established in Connecticut until the 1860's. This act of 1793 probably 
was the result of public reaction to the arrest and trial of Ezekiel Case, whose case 
came before the Hartford Superior Court the previous September. See below, p. 116. 
According to the Assembly Journal, the committee that drew up this act was ap- 
pointed "to prepare a bill for the disposition of lunatics acquitted of murder." 
Colonial Records of Connecticut, IV, 285-286; VII, 129; Edward Warren Capen, 
"The History of Connecticut Institutions," in N. G. Osborn, ed.. History of Con- 
necticut in Monographic I^orni, V (New York, 1925), 404-406; Assembly Journal, 
Oct. 10, 1793. 



gg PUBLIC RECORDS Octobcr, 

during the Continuance of such distraction or Insanity, or until released 
as is hereafter Provided ; which said Commitment shall be by Warrant 
Signed by an Assistant or the Senior Justice of said Civil Authority who 
shall Order the same and thereupon the Keeper of said Goal, shall be 
fully Authorized to receive such Lunatick, insane or distracted Person 
or Persons, into such Goal, there to be kept as aforesaid ; 

And be if further Enacted, That whenever any Person shall on a Tryal 
had for Murther or Homicide, be acquitted on the sole Ground of Insanity, 
the Court before whom such Tryal is had, may if they see fit, Commit such 
Person to the Goal of the County wherein such Tryal is had there to be 
closely confined during such Insanity unless some Person or Persons 
shall undertake and become bound before said Court to their satisfaction 
to confine said Distracted or Insane Person in such manner as said Court 
shall direct and Order. 

And be it further Enacted, that said Person or Persons confined as 
aforesaid or his or her Relations shall have right to apply by Petition to 
the County Court of that County in which Confinement is, for his or her 
enlargement from Confinement, which said Petition shall be served on the 
Select Men of said Town as by Law is Provided for the Service of Peti- 
tions ; and said Court shall thereupon Order and Decree, as to them shall 
appear Just and best in respect to the future disposal of said Person con- 
fined as aforesaid ; And all expences incurred by any Proceedings under 
this Act shall be defrayed by such Persons, and in such manner as is 
Provided and directed by the Act "Entided an Act for releiving and 
Ordering of Ideots, Impotent, distracted and Idle Persons •* 

And it is further Unacted That so much of the Statute Entitled An Act 
for restraining Correcting, Suppressing and Punishing Rogues Vaga- 
bonds Common Beggars and other Lewd, Idle dissolute Profane and dis- 
orderly Persons ; and for setting them to Work as is contained in the 
following Words; Also Persons under distraction, and unfit to go at 
large, whose Relations or Friends do not take Care for their safe con- 
finement;^ Be and the same is hereby repealed. 

An Act in addition to the Law of this State, entitled. An Act for forming and 
conducting the Military force of this State, conformable to the Act of Con- 
gress passed the eighth Day of May Anno Domini 1792." 

Be it Enacted by the Governor Council and House of Representatives 
in General Court Assembled; That the Cavalry of this State shall be 
formed into eight Regiments consisting of four Troops in each Regiment, 
and be commanded by a Major Commandant, That His Excellency the 
Captain General be requested to form the same accordingly, and annex 



4. Acts and Laws, 1784, pp. 98-100. 

5. Acts and Laws, 1784, pp. 206-210. 

6. The act for forming and conducting the military force had been passed in 
October 1792. Conn. State Records, VII, 476-488, and note, 476. The act of Con- 
gress is in The Laws of the United States of America, In Three Volumes, II, Pub- 
lished by Authority (Philadelphia, 1796), pp. 92-98. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 



89 



One Regiment to each Brigade of Infantry, to be under the Command of 
the Officer Commanding the Brigade or any General Officer of Superior 
Rank 

Alwavs Provided That the Regiments now formed retain their Rank, 
and the" Officers their Command; and that future Recruits shall be In- 
listed from the Brigade only to which the Regiment of Horse is annexed ; 
And that the Captain General will order the raising any new Troop of 
Horse that shall be necessary to compleat this establishment. 

And be if jurther Enacted, That whenever any Court Martial shall be 
Ordered for the Tryal of any Officer arrested the Officer Ordering such 
Court, shall in his Orders name the Officer to Act as Judge Advocate, 
the number and Rank of Officers to be detailed and notifyed to compose 
the Court, and shall also notify the Officer arrested of the Time and Place 
of his Tryal, as soon as may be after the Articles of Charge are Lodged : 
the Detail and Notice to be' given by the .^djutant General for the Tryal 
of a General Officer by an Aid de Camp for the Tryal of a Field Officer, 
and by the Brigade Major for the Tryal of an Officer under the Rank of a 
Field Officer, and the Senior Officer of the highest Rank shall be Presi- 
dent of such Court Martial, and shall be of a Rank Superior to the Officer 
on Tryal ; Tliat it shall be the Duty of the Judge Advocate to summon 
such Witnesses on the part of the State which he finds necessary to sup- 
port the Charges in Arrest and such others as the Officer arrested requests 
for his defense at such Officers expense, by Order of the Officer Ordering 
such Court. And if any Witness summoned as aforesaid sh.all refuse or 
neglect to obey such Summons, he shall be subject to be Committed to 
Goal in the County where he lives, by Warrant from the Officer ordering 
the Court, and there to be held and confined at his own Expense until 
he will conform and give Evidence in said Case, or until he be discharged 
by due course of Law. And in Case any Officer under Arrest shall refuse 
or neglect to attend a Court Martial according to Orders, and Notice 
given him to make his defense, he shall by said Court be Cashiered with 
disability of ever after holding a Military Commission in this State, unless 
reasonably prevented by Sickness or some other misfortune, in which Case 
said Court shall have powers to Adjourn to some future Time, and Notice 
thereof shall be given to said arrested Officer, at least ten Days before the 
Time to which said Court is adjourned. That all witnesses summoned on 
the part of the State, shall be allowed for their Travel and attendance 
the same fees, as Witnesses in Civil Causes are. And the Judge Advocate 
for Summoning the Witnesses the same fees as in Civil Cases, to be 
allowed and Taxed by the President of said Court, and Collected by War- 
rant of Distress to be Granted by the Officer Ordering such Court, by the 
proper Orderly Officer, from the Officer Arrested, in Case of his neglect 
to appear, or his being censured by the Court, and such Sentence being 
approved of ; but in Case the Officers arrested be acquitted with Honor, or 
not Censured, then the Expense arising as above shall be taxed as afore- 
said, and the Bill being approved of by the Officer Ordering the Court, 
shall by his Certificate and Order be paid out of the Treasury of this State 
for the several purposes for which it was taxed, and to be distributed and 
paid by the Judge Advocate accordingly. 



90 PUBLIC RECORDS Octobei", 

And he if further Enacted, that a Soldier once enrolled in any Com- 
pany in this State and having had six Months notice to equip himself, and 
afterwards moves into the Limits of any other Company, he shall be sub- 
jected to do Military Duty in the Company in Which he resides, im- 
mediately after warning given him l)y the proper Officer. 

Be it further Enacted that no private Soldier Matross or Horseman, 
shall be discharged from Military Duty for any Cause except, inability, 
in which Case he shall obtain a Certificate from the Surgeon of the Regi- 
ment to which he belongs, and then if such Certificate be approved of by 
the Officer commanding the Company and Regiment to which such Soldier 
l^elongs, the commanding Officer may discharge him from Military Duty 
during the Continuance of such disability. 

Be it further Enacted that the Commanding Officer of the Governors 
Guards may discharge any Soldier from their respective Companies by 
reason of disability during the Continuance thereof 

Be it further Enacted that no General or Field Officer shall have or 
receive any Reward for giving a discharge or Surgeon for giving a Certi- 
ficate. 



An Act in addition to, and in alteration of a certain Statute of this State, 
entitled, an Act for regulating the appointment of the Judges of the Superior 
CourtJ 

Be it Enacted by the Governor and Council and House of Representa- 
tives in General Court Assembled, That the Governor Lieutenant Gover- 
nor and Council for the Time being any eight of whom to constitute a 
Quorum, shall be the Supreme Court of Errors in this State, with the 
same Power, Authority and Jurisdiction with which in and by said Statute 
the Lieutenant Governor and Council are vested. And the Governor or 
in his absence the Lieutenant Governor, or in the absence of both, the 
Senior Councillor present shall preside, and no Judgment complained of 
before the said Court shall be recovered, but by the concurring Voice of 
the Majority of the Members present 

And be it further Enacted, That the supreme Court of Errors shall here- 
after be holden on the first Tuesday of June annually, at Hartford and at 
New Haven alternately beginning at said Hartford, And all writs and 
Processes made returnable to the supreme Court of Errors to be holden 
on the Tuesday of the Week next before the Session of the General As- 
sembly in May next, which have been signed before the passing of this 
Act, and which shall have been served by the tenth Day of December next 
and all such as have been continued to said Court from the last Session 
thereof, shall be returned to and entered in said Court to be holden on the 
first Tuesday of June next. 

7. The Supreme Court of Errors had been established by act of assembly in May 
1784. Conn. State Records, V, 324. The present act made the governor a member 
of this court ; the state secretary was ex officio clerk. The court continued as con- 
stituted by these two acts until it was abolished by the May assembly, 1806. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 91 

And be if further Enacted that so much of said Statute as constitutes 
the Lieutenant Governor and Council to be the Supreme Court of Errors 
and so much of the same as respects the Times when said Court is to be 
holden shall be and the same hereby are repealed. 



An Act in alteration of an Act entitled, an Act for the directing and regulating 
of Civil Actions.'* 

Be it Enacted by the Goverjior Council and House of Representatives 
in General Court Assembled That in all Actions which shall hereafter be 
brought and depending before any Assistant or Justice of the Peace for 
raising or obstructing the \A'aters of any Stream River Arm of the Sea 
or Creek, by the raising or Continuance of any Mill Dam. or other 
obstruction in which the Defendant or Defendants shall plead, that he or 
they have and had good right so to raise and obstruct, or continue the 
raising and obstruction of the said Waters, the Party who shall be ag- 
grieved by the Judgment of such Assistant or Justice of the Peace, shall 
be allowed to appeal from sucli Judgment to the County Court next to be 
holden in and for the County in wliich such raising or obstruction or the 
Continuance thereof shall be made 

Provided he or they shall give Good and sufficient Bond with Sureties to 
prosecute such Appeal to effect. And the Party who shall be aggrieved by 
the Judgment of such County Court in the Action so as aforesaid Appealed 
shall be allowed to Appeal therefrom to the Superior Court next to be 
holden in the same County Provided he or they shall give good and suffi- 
cient Bonds with sureties to prosecute such Appeal to effect as aforesaid, 

Provided also that the Defendt or Defendants on all Actions appealed 
as aforesaid shall not without Leave of such County Court or Superior 
Court, in any manner amend, alter or Change the plea so by him or them 
made before such Assistant or Justice of the Peace. 



An Act in addition to, and alteration of an Act, entitled an Act for the Inspection 
of Provision and other Articles of Commerce. 'j 

Whereas it is found inconvenient, and in some Cases impracticable to 
comply with the regulation in said Act, requiring Certificates of Inspec- 
tion to be produced to the Collector, at the Time of Clearing a Vessel, 
oweing to the various distrilnition of Articles after inspection. 

Be it Enacted by the Governor Council and House of Representatives 
in General Court Assembled, That the Paragraph of said Act requiring 
Certificates to be produced to the Collector be and the same is hereby 
repealed. 

And be it Enacted That every Master of a Vessel who shall receive on 
Board for exportation to a foreign Port, any Beef Pork, Flour Fish Pot 

8. See above, p. 13. 

9. The act for the inspection of provisions and other articles of commerce was 
passed in December 1790. Conn. State Records, VII, 211-214. 



92 PUBLIC RECORDS Octobcr. 

or Pearl Ashes Butter or Lard not duely Branded, agreeably to the re- 
quirements of said Act, shall forfeit and pay the Sum of Twenty shillings 
lawfull Money for every Cask Barrel Keg or Package containing the 
same so shipped for exportation to be recovered by any Person who shall 
sue therefor, And it shall be the Duty of every Master of a Vessel destined 
to a foreign Port to specify in the Manifest of his Cargo to be produced to 
the Collector at the Time of Clearing, the respective Brands affixed to 
each of said Articles which he may have on Board ; to the Truth of which he 
shall solemnly swear, or affirm to the best of his knowlege and belief. 



An Act in addition to an Act, Entitled an Act in alteration of an Act entitled, 
an Act for the direction of Listers in their Office and Duty.i^ 

Be it Enacted by the Governor Council and House of Representatives 
in General Court Assembled, That it shall be the Duty of the Civil Authori- 
ty Select Men and Listers to make the Abatement from the List of Polls 
directed in said Act on or before the first Thursday of October annually, 
and it shall be the Duty of the Listers to make up the List of their respec- 
tive Towns and return them to the Generaly Assembly exclusive of the 
polls which shall have been Abated. 



An Act in addition to and alteration of an Act incorporating a Medical Society.^! 

Be it Enacted by the Governor and Council and House oj Representa- 
tives in General Court Assembled That in future the number of Members 
of said Society necessary to constitute a Quorum to transact Business in 
Convention shall be twelve, any Law to the contrary notwithstanding. 



An Act in alteration of an Act entitled, An Act to incorporate the Union Bank 
in New London.12 

Be it Enacted by the Governor and Council and House oj Representa- 
tives in General Court Assembled, That after the first Monday in March 
One Thousand seven Hundred and ninety four the Annual Meeting of the 
Stockholders of said Bank for the Choice of Directors shall be on the 
first Thursday in June, 

And be it jnrthcr Enacted that the said Stockholders be and they are 
hereby Authorized and Impowered at their Meeting on the first Monday 
of March One Thousand seven hundred & ninety four to chuse Directors 
to continue in Office untill the first Thursday in June One Thousand seven 
Hundred & ninety five. 

10. The act for the direction of listers in their office and duty is in Acts and Laws, 
1784, pp. 128-133. There were numerous additions and amendments in subsequent 
years. For additions to this volume, see above, p. 12, and below, pp. 190, 371. 

11. Act passed at May session 1792. Conn. State Records, VII, 381-383. 

12. Act passed at May session 1792. Ibid., pp. 388-391. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 93 

An Act in alteration of an Act entitled an Act for regulating New Gate Prison 
in Granby and for regulating and Governing the same and for the punishment 
of certain atrocious Crimes and felonies.i^ 

Be it Enacted by the Governor and Council and House of Representa- 
tives in General Court Assembled, That on the Conviction of any female, 
of and for any of the Crimes in said Act specified, whereby the Offender 
is liable and subjected to Imprisonment in said Newgate Prison there to 
be kept to hard Labour ; such Female so offending and Convicted, shall 
instead of being confined in said New Gate Prison, be liable and subjected 
to confinement with none but Females in the Common Work House in the 
County where such Offense is tried there to be kept to such Labour as may 
be suitable, and to be under the direction of the Overseers of said Work 
House ; or to imprisonment in the Common Goal in such County there to 
be kept to Labour as aforesaid, according to the direction of the Court 
before whom such' Conviction is had and for the same Period to whicli 
such Oft'ender is or was liable by the terms of said Act. 



An Act in addition to, and alteration of an Act entitled an Act for encouraging 
and regulating Fisheries.i^ 

Be it Enacted by the Governor and Council and House of Representa- 
tives in General Court Assembled, That no Person or Persons shall draw 
any Seine in Windsor Ferry River for the purpose of taking Fish after 
the setting of the Sun on Friday Evening and before the setting of the Sun 
on Monday Evening in any Week in the Months of May or June annually, 
nor shall any Person or Persons drive the fish in said River in any manner 
whatsoever, so as to impede or divert them from their natural or usual 
Course ; and whoever shall be Guilty of the Breach of this Paragraph 
shall forfeit and Pay the Sum of Ten Pounds lawfull Money to be re- 
covered before the Court of Common Pleas in the County where the 
Offense is committed the one half to him or them who shall prosecute to 
effect, and the other half to the Treasury of the County where such Con- 
viction shall be had, 



13. The act for regulating Newgate Prison was passed in May 1790. Couu. 
State Records, VII, 118-121. There evidently was some sentiment in the assembly 
against imprisoning women at Newgate; the assembly journal for Oct. 11 records 
that Messrs. Dyer, Daggett, and Hillhouse were appointed a committee to take intn 
consideration the punishment of females for crimes that were within the provisions 
of the law respecting Newgate. This act of Oct. 1/93 was later either ignored or 
repealed. Phelps notes that women were, in rare instances, put on the tread-mill at 
Newgate. A legislative committee report of 1825 stated that only one woman had 
ever been imprisoned at Newgate and recommended that the law authorizing the 
imprisonment of women in that place be repealed. There were no separate quarters 
provided, nor was there a woman attendant. Richard H. Phelps, Newgate of Con- 
necticut; Its Origin and Early History . . . (Hartford, 1876), p. 68; Report of the 
Committee Appointed by the Legislature of Connecticut to Inspect the Condition of 
New-Gate Prison (Hartford, 1825), p. 17. 

14. The act for encouraging and regulating fisheries is in Acts and Laws, 1784, 
pp. 78-80. There were many additions and amendments. 



94 PUBLIC RECORDS October, 

And be it further Enacted that no Person or or [sic] Persons, after the 
first Day of September next, shall Build erect place or Continue any Mill 
Dam or other Dam across said River in either of the Towns of \\'indsor 
Granby Symsbury or Farmington unless he or they shall open a Sluceway 
in such Dam twelve feet in width and within six inches of the Bottom of 
said River, and in a proper Place convenient for the free Passage of Fish 
through such opening, and the same Sluceway keep open the width and 
depth aforesaid from the twenty-fifth Day of April to the tenth Day of 
June annually and whoever shall be convicted of the Breach of this Para- 
graph before the Court of Common Pleas in the County where the OfTence 
is committed, shall forfeit and Pay the Sum of ten Pounds lawful! Money 
the one half to him or them who shall Prosecute to full effect and the 
other half to the Treasury of the County where the Offence is committed, 
and the Court before whom such Conviction is had shall cause such Dam 
to be removed at the Cost of the owner or Owners thereof, and every Mill 
Dam or other Dam that shall be Placed erected or continued in or upon 
such River, and where no Sluceway is kept open agreeable to the Pro- 
vision in the preceeding Paragraph, shall be deemed a Common Nuisance 
and may be removed as such by any Person or Persons whatever, This 
Act to continue in force for the Term of six Years from and after the rising 
of this Assembly. 

An Act in alteration of an Act, entitled an Act in addition to an Act entitled an 
Act for the encouraging and regulating Fisheries. i-"^ 

Be it Enacted by the Governor and Council and House of Representa- 
tives in General Court Assembled, That that part of said Statute which 
prohibits Fishing in Willimantick and Nachague Rivers excepting between 
the Setting of the Sun on Tuesday Evening and the Suns rising on Satur- 
day morning in each Week be repealed, 

And be it Enacted that no Person shall draw any Sein or fish Craft in 
said Rivers except Ijetween the setting of the Sun on Monday Evening 
and the Suns rising on Saturday Morning in each Week, upon the Penalty 
mentioned in said Act. 

Whereas the supreme Judicial Court of the United States hath decided 
that a State may be sued in that Court by a Citizen of another State 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Senators and Representatives for 
this State in the Congress of the United States be and they are hereby 
requested to Use their influence that speedy and eft'ectual measures be 
adopted to procure an alteration of the Clause or x'\rticle in the Constitu- 
tion of the United States on which the decision of the said Supreme Court 
is supposed to be founded so that in future no State can on any Construc- 

15. This act altered the act regulating fishing in the Willimantic and Nachaug 
Rivers, passed in Oct. 1792. See Conn. State Records, VII, 495. The inhabitants of 
Windham, Coventry, and Mansfield had complained that the seines of fishers below 
the junction that formed the Shetucket River were ruining the fishing of those who 
worked along the two rivers above the junction. Connecticut State Archives, Indus- 
try, Series 2, III, 139-140. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 95 

tion be held liable to any sucli Suit, or to make answer in any Court on 
the Suit of any Individual or Individuals whatsoever.^*' 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Certificates of Wilhani Imlay Esqr 
Commissioner of Loans of tlie United States in this State for the surplus 
of the Debt of this State subscribed to the Loan of the United States, 
shall be considered as Evidences of Debt due from this State in favour of 
the Persons to whom they were respectively Issued in the same manner 
as the Notes of the Treasurer of this State which were deposited with 
said Commissioner and cancelled were Evidences of Debt and shall be 
considered as on Interest, and the Comptroller of this State is directed 
to apply to said Commissioner, for an Account of all the said Certificates 
by him Issued and to Register the same in the Book of the Office of said 
Comptroller. 

This Assembly do appoint the Honorable Stephen Mix Mitchell Esqr 
to be a Senator in the Congress of the United States for the State of Con- 
necticut in the room of the Honl)le Roger Sherman Esqr. Deceased. ^^ 

At a Meeting of the Governor and Council at the Council Chamber in 
New Haven on the 16th Day of Octol)er A Dom 1793. 



16. The Supreme Court decision in the case of Chisholm v. Georgia, February 
1793, caused an immediate reaction in the different states. When it learned that the 
Supreme Court justices had declared that states might be sued by citizens of other 
states, the lower house of the Georgia legislature passed a bill "providing that any 
federal marshall or other person who executed any process issued in this case should 
be declared guilty of felony and should suffer deatJi, 'without benefit of clergy,' by 
being hanged." Connecticut did not go quite so far. On Oct. 18 the assembly ap- 
pointed members of a joint committee to consider the communication from the 
Governor of Massachusetts to Governor Huntington. On Oct. 29 the lower house 
passed a resolve instructing Connecticut senators and representatives to secure an 
alteration in that part of tlie Constitution which rendered a state liable to the suit 
of an individual of another state. Later in the day, on reconsideration, the assembly 
concurred with the governor and council in rejecting this bill, and instead passed a 
similar bill drawn up in council. For ratification of tlie eleventh amendment, which 
resulted from this case, see below, p. 141. Assembly Journal, Oct. 18 and 29;' Alfred 
H. Kelly & Winifred A. Harbison, The American Constitution: Its Origin and 
Development (New York, 1948), pp. 191-192; Carl Brent Swisher, American Con- 
stitutional Development (New York, 1943), pp. 87-88. 

17. Stephen Mix Mitchell, 1743-1835, was born in Wethersfield, the son of James 
and Rebecca Mix Mitchell. He graduated from Yale in 1763, served as tutor at the 
college, 1766-69, and then studied law with Jared IngersoU. In 1770 he was admitted 
to the bar. He practised law first at Newtown, then at Wethersfield. He served suc- 
cessively as associate judge of the Hartford county court, justice of the superior court, 
and, in 1807, first chief justice of the newly-created state supreme court. A member 
first of the lower house of assembly, then of the Continental Congress and state 
council, he was appointed at this session to fill the unexpired term of Roger Sherman 
in the U.S. Senate. He resigned from the Senate in 1795 to take a seat on the state 
superior court bench. In 1818 he was a delegate to the state constitutional convention. 
Dictionary of American Biography; Biographical Sketches of the Graduates of 
Yale College, III, 37-39. 



96 PUBLIC RECORDS October, 

The Votes of the Freemen of this State taken and returned to his Ex- 
cellency the Governor pursuant to a special Writ of Election by him 
Issued for the Choice of a Representative of the People of this State in the 
Congress of the United States, in the room of the Honorable, Benjamin 
Huntington who has declined said Office, dated the Uth day of August 
last, having been publickly received sorted and Counted by this Board, 
acording to the Directions of the Law in that Case Provided, it appears 
that the Honorable Jonathan Ingersoll, having the greatest number of 
Votes so returned is legally Chosen, and do declare him to be- Chosen 
accordingly.-^^ 

Signed per Order 

Samuel Huntington Governor 

Whereas by an uncommon Concurrence of unexpected Events, there 
are now remaining but two Persons in the Nomination for Representatives 
of the People of this State in the Congress of the United States, to be 
convened on the first Monday of December next, from whom the two 
vacancies which still remain can by the existing Law be filled by means 
whereof the Freemen if confined to the said Nomination in filling the said 
Vacancies, would be, contrary to the Spirit of said Law ; And the Con- 
stitution of the United States, wholly deprived of the Power and Liberty 
of Choice ; it therefore is become necessary that further Measures be taken 
to supply the said Vacancies, and such others, as may happen before an- 
other Nomination shall by Law be made for that purpose ^^ 

18. Jonathan Ingersoll, 1747-1823, born in Ridgefield, graduated from Yale in 
17(-)6. He studied law in Middletnwn with Titus Hosmer, then began practise in 
New Haven. He was a representative in the state legislature in 1785, 1789, and 
1790-1792; councillor, 1792-1798. In 1793, at the present session, he was chosen a 
representative in Congress, but declined to serve. From 1798 to 1801 he was a justice 
of the state superior court. As a member of the Toleration Party he was elected 
lieutenant governor in 1816, an ot^ce he held until his death. In 1816 Yale conferred 
on him the honorary degree of LL.D. V. B. De.xter. Biographical Sketches of the 
Graduates of Yale College, III. 187-189. 

19. By the act for regulating the election of senators and representatives for this 
State in the Congress of the United States (passed January session 1789; Conn. 
State Records, VI, 498-499), the list of nominations was to he made up every two 
years. Of the list of April 1792 (Conn. State Records, VII, 372), Jonathan Trumbull, 
James Hillhouse, Jeremiah Wadsworth, and Amasa Learned were already in Con- 
gress in October 1793. Jonathan Ingersoll had just been elected a representative and 
Stephen Mix Mitchell had just been appointed a senator. Jonathan Sturges had 
resigned from Congress in order to take his seat on the state superior court bench. 
Benjamin Huntington and Asher Miller had also been appointed judges of the superior 
court. Consequently, only Tapping Reeve and Zephaniah Sw^ift remained on the 
nominating list. Agitation in the press over this unique situation had begun as early 
as July. It took the form on the one hand of opposition to electing Zephaniah Swift 
to Congress, probably because he appeared to be only a lukewarm Federalist, and 
on the other of reluctance to go through with the form of electing two men from a 
list of two. The legislature in this session provided for drawing up a new list of 
nominations. The votes cast on November 4 resulted in the nomination of Joshua 
Coit. 2189 votes; Zephaniah Swift, 1663; Roger Griswold, 1599; James Davenport, 
1327; Chauncey Goodrich, 1165; Nathaniel Smith. 846; Samuel W. Dana, 734. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 97 

Therefore Resolved by this Assembly, that the Constables of the several 
Towns of this State, shall warn all the Freemen in their respective Towns 
to meet on the fourth Day of November next at two O Clock, in the after- 
noon, at the usual place of holding Freemans Meeting, and being so met, 
each Freeman shall give in his Vote, or Suffrage, for seven Persons, such 
as he Judges qualified to stand in Nomination for Election as Representa- 
tives of the People of this State in the said Congress, in the same manner, 
and to the same Person presiding, as is Provided by a Statute Law of this 
State Entitled, An Act for regulating the Election of Senators & Repre- 
sentatives for this State in the Congress of the United States, and the said 
Presiding Officer, shall receive and Proceed with the said Votes as by 
said Act is directed, except in transmitting them, which shall be as here- 
after Provided, 

And it is further Resolved that a Committee consisting of One Person 
from each of the Counties in this State be appointed to receive and Count 
the said Votes of the Freemen, and the said Presiding Ofticer shall trans- 
mit a Copy of the List of Persons Voted for, with the Number of Votes 
for each, authenticated and Sealed, as by said Act directed to the Com- 
mittee Man of the County to which he belongs, by the seventh Day of 
said November, And the said Commitee are hereby Authorized and di- 
rected to meet at the City of Middletown on the eleventh Day of said 
November, and being sworn for that purpose by any One Assistant or 
Justice of the Peace to a faithfull discharge of tlieir Trust, to Count the 
Votes by them received as aforesaid, and the seven Persons who shall 
have the greatest number of Votes shall be the Persons whose Names 
shall stand in said Nomination, And the said Committee shall x\uthenticate 



Twenty-three other men received votes, which ranged from 714 for William Edmond 
to 101 for Charles Goodrich. On November 11 Joshua Colt and Zephaniah Swift 
were elected representatives, with 2444 and 1637 votes respectively. James Daven- 
port received 1183 votes; Roger Griswold, 864; Chauncey Goodrich, 352; Nathaniel 
Smith, 211 ; and Samuel W. Dana, 144. These elections were duly announced by the 
governor, lieutenant governor, and council. Connecticut Conrant, July, August, and 
September, passim, Nov. 18, 1793; Connecticut Journal, Sept. 11, Nov. 13, Dec. 5; 
Connecticut Courant, Oct. ZS; American Mercury, Oct. 28, Dec. 9; Connecticut 
Gazette, Oct. 31, Nov. 13, Dec. 5, 12. See below, p. 491. 

Joshua Coit, 1758-1798, the son of Dr. Joseph and Lydia Lathrop Coit, was born 
in New London. He graduated from Harvard in 1776, studied law, and began 
practice in New London. He was a representative in the Assembly, 1784-1793, and 
a member of Congress, 1793-1798. F. W. Chapman, Tlw Coit Family; or the De- 
scendands of John Coit . . . (Hartford, 1874), pp. 58-59. 

Zephaniah Swift, 1759-1823, the son of Robert and Mary Dexter Swift, was boi'n 
in Wareham, Mass., graduated from Yale in 1778, and then studied law. Admitted to 
the bar, be began practice in Windham. He was in the Assembly, 1787-1793; repre- 
sentative in Congress, 1793-1797; assistant, 1799-1801; superior court judge, 1801- 
1819; and chief justice of Connecticut, 1814-1819. He was one of the outstanding 
legal minds of his day. His System of the Lazvs of the State of Connecticut 2 vols. 
(1795-1796), was the first American law text. In 1822-1823 he published a Digest 
of the Laws of the State of Connecticut which became a reference guide for courts 
throughout the State. He was a bitter opponent of slavery, a moderate Federalist, 
and a free-thinker. Dictionary of American Biography; Dexter, Biographical 
Sketches of the Graduates of Yale College, IV, 60-63. 



98 PUBLIC RECORDS October, 

the said Nomination so made out by signing their Names thereto, and 
shall as soon as may be cause the same to be Published in some Public 
NewsPapers in the respective Counties, and also shall cause a sufficient 
number of Copies of the said Nomination so Authenticated to be pre- 
sented and Conveyed to the Sheriffs of the respective Counties by the 
twentieth Day of said November who shall convey a Copy to the Town 
Clerks of the several Towns in their respective Counties by the twenty 
third Day of said November, 

And be it further Resolved that the Freemen of the several Towns in 
this State being warned as aforesaid shall meet on the twenty fifth Day 
of said November, at the usual Place of holding Freemans Meeting, and 
being so met each Freeman shall give in his Vote for two Persons con- 
tained in said Nomination for Representatives in the said Congress of the 
United States to the same Person presiding, and in the same manner as 
is prescribed in the Statute of this State Entitled an Act for regulating the 
Election of the Governor Lieutenant Governor Assistants &c. And the 
Person so presiding shall receive, and proceed with said Votes, as by the 
Statute last aforesaid is directed, and shall transmit said Votes to the 
Sheriff of the County to which he belongs, or to the Governor Lieutenant 
Governor, or any One of the Assistants, by the Twenty sixth Day of said 
November. And the Sheriffs shall also deliver the Votes they shall so re- 
ceive to the Governor Lieutenant Governor or any One of the Assistants, 
by the Twenty eighth Day of said November. 

And it is further Resolved, that the Governor Lieutenant Governor and 
Council, be and they are hereby Authorized and requested to meet at the 
City of Middletown on the first Monday of December next, and Publickly 
to Count said Votes so by them received as aforesaid, and to declare the 
two Persons who have the greatest number of Votes to be legally Chosen, 
and to give Notice to the Persons who shall be so Chosen accordingly 
And the Persons so Chosen shall signify their acceptance or refusal in 
Writing to the Governor, within ten Days after receiving Notice of said 
Choice, or be Considered as refusing the same. And in Case the Persons 
so Chosen or either of them shall signify his or their refusal to accept such 
Choice or appointment, the Governor is Authorized and desired without 
delay to Issue Writs of Election to supply his or their Place out of the 
said Nomination, and so as often as Occasion shall require untill a new 
Nomination shall by Law be made, according to the provisions of the 
Statute first aforesaid 

And it is further Resolved that Chauncey Goodrich David Daggett 
Marvin Wait, Thomas Belden, John McLellan, John Allen, Elijah Hub- 
bard, & Silvester Gilbert Esquires be and they are hereby appointed the 
Committee for the purpose before mentioned in this Act 

And be it further Resolved that in Case of the Sickness or Death of 
either of said Committee the Sheriff of the County to which such Commit- 
tee Man belonged shall receive and return the Votes of such County to 
said Committee at Middletown. 



1793. OF CONNFXTICLT 99 

An Act appointing Commissioners on the part of this State for ascertaining part 
of the Boundary Line between this State and the Commonwealth of Massa- 
chusets.2o 

Whereas an Act of the Legislature of said Commonwealth appointing 
Commissioners for ascertaining the Boundary Line between the two States, 
has been transmitted to the General Assembly of this State, representing 
that Contentions had risen between some of the Citizens of the said States 
relative to such Boundary Line; and Whereas it appears from Official 
Communications from his Excellency John Hancock Esqr late Gover- 
nor of said Commonwealth that the ultimate View of the said Common- 
wealth in the appointment of said Commisioners was to restore Peace & 
Harmony between the Citizens of the two States, who inhabit in or near the 
Line of State Jurisdiction to wit between those in the Towns of Southwick 
Saundesfield & New Marlborough in said Commonwealth, and those in 
the Towns contiguous to them in this State And that the Object of their 
Commission would be compleated by perambulating the Line Westward 
from Connecticut River to the State of New York, and by erecting on 
said Line visible and durable Monuments to attain which Objects 

Be it Enacted by the Governor & Council and House of Representatives 
in General Court Assembled, That the Honble. Oliver Elsworth the 
Honble Roger Newberry & Gideon Granger Junr Esqrs be and they are 
hereby appointed Commissioners on the part of this State for the Purpose 
of ascertaining the Boundary Line or Lines of State Jurisdiction between 
the Towns of Suffield Granby Hartland Colebrook Norfolk & Canaan in 
this State and the Towns adjoining to them in the said Commonwealth as 
far as to the W^estern Bounds of the Town of New Marlborough And the 
said Commissioners are hereby Authorized and Impowered to meet such 
Commissioners as are or may be appointed and vested with simular Powers 
for the purpose aforesaid, by the Legislature of the said Commonwealth, 
and in conjunction with them to ascertain run and mark such Boundary 
Line through the extent aforesaid and for that purpose to perambulate 
if necessary on said Boundary Line from Connecticut River Westward 
to the State of New York, and the Commissioners hereby appointed on 

20. Connecticut established jurisdiction over land in Southwick, south of its 
colony line, in 1774. In 1784 a committee was appointed to locate the bounds at 
this point. The May assembly of 1791 decided to ignore the request of Massachusetts 
for a settlement, but when two years later John Hancock, Governor of the Bay 
State, wrote Governor Huntington that Massachusetts resented Connecticut's action 
and was again appointing a commission to make a peaceful settlement of the disputed 
territory of Southwick, Sandisfield, New Marlborough and west to the New York 
line, the Connecticut legislature reluctantly followed suit. The joint commissioners 
later reported that the line was correct except for a strip two and one half miles 
square at Southwick, which Massachusetts claimed as compensation for her towns 
lost in 1749. A final settlement in 1804 gave Connecticut part of Southwick, and 
gave Massachusetts part of the land south of the pond in that town, resulting in the 
present boundary jog at that point. For an assembly committee on this line, see 
below, pp. 392, 454. Conn. State Records, VII, 262; Connecticut State Archives, 
Colonial Boundaries, III, 154a; Assembly Journal, Oct. 11, 14, 1793; Clarence Win- 
throp Bowen, The Boundary Disputes of Connecticut (Boston, 1882), p. 65, and map 
facing p. 63. 



100 PUBLIC RECORDS October, 

the part of this State are xA.uthorizecl and Impowered to agree upon such 
Principles respecting the running of the said Line as from the best Evi- 
dence they can obtain may appear to them Just and reasonable, which 
Line when so ascertained shall forever afterwards be considered and held 
to be the Just and true Boundary Line of Jurisdiction between this State 
and the said Commonwealth, and the Commissioners hereby appointed 
are Authorized to employ such Surveyors & Chain Bearers, as they may 
think proper to Assist in duely Ascertaining the Line aforesaid. And the 
said Commissioners pryor to their entering on the Business herein As- 
signed them, shall receive a Commission from the Governor under the 
Seal of this State conformable to the Powers with which they are vested 
by this State. 

Resolved by tliis Assembly that a certain Tract or Gore of Land 
Bounded Northerly by the Northern Boundary Line of this State westerly 
by the Town of Union, Southerly by the present Town of Woodstock, and 
Easterly by the Town of Thompson called by the Name of Middlesex be 
and the same is hereby annexed to the said Town of Woodstock and 
County of Windham.^^ 



An Act establishing a fund for the support of the Ministry and Schools of 
Education.2- 

Be it Enacted by the Governor Council and House of Representatives 
in General Court Assembled, That the Monies arising from the Sale of 

21. The geographical description of the "Middlesex Gore" as here given is 
puzzling but the historical facts are as follows : Woodstock seceded from Massa- 
chusetts in 1749, at which time she lost all her territory north of the Connecticut 
colony line. The two towns immediately to her north, Dudley and Sturbridge, had 
had their south bounds fixed at the north line of Woodstock. The strip of territory 
between the colony line and the north line of the old town of Woodstock after 1749 
was not within the jurisdiction of any town, and from its location became known as 
Middlesex, or the Middlesex Gore. Massachusetts ignored the present action by the 
Connecticut legislature, and in June 1794 annexed the land to the two towns of 
Dudley and Sturbridge. In 1816 the section annexed to Sturbridge became part of 
the town of Southbridge. Clarence Winthrop Bowen, The Boundary Disputes of 
Connecticut, pp. 63-64; Holmes Ammidown, Historical Collections (New York, 
1874) , I, 304. 

22. This was the famous appropriation act that caused a furor in the State for 
nearly two years. According to the Journal, debate on the bill began Oct. 24 and 
continued for two days. The bill passed in the lower house by a vote of 83 to 70, a very 
slim majority for so important a decision. Even before the bill became law, there was 
considerable criticism in the press. Several arguments were advanced : the clergy 
ought to be independent of state support, dependent on individual society support ; the 
bill was open to the charge of discrimination in favor of one sect ; the state had 
other and better uses for so large a sum of money — it might better direct the fund to 
development of manufacturing, the arts, agriculture, road and bridge-building. Oppo- 
sition to the act continued with an ever-increasing vehemence through the autumn, 
winter, and early spring of 1794. For further action, see below, pp. 127 note, 187 
note, 237. Assembly Journal, Oct. 23, 24, 26 ; Connecticut Courant, Oct. 23 ; Connecti- 
cut Journal, Nov. 6; American Mercury, Nov. 18. 



1793. • OF CONNECTICUT 101 

the Territory belonging to this State lying West of the State of Pensyl- 
vania be and the same is hereby established a perpetual Fund, the Interest 
whereof is Granted, and shall be appropriated to the Use and benefit 
of the several Eclesiastical Societies Churches or Congregations of all 
denominations in this State, to be by them applied to the support of their 
respective Ministers or Preachers of the Gospel, and Schools of Educa- 
tion, under such Rules and regulations as shall be adopted by this or some 
future Session of the General Assembly. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Committee appointed by the General 
Assembly in May last to Negotiate the Sale of the Western Lands, belong- 
ing to this State be and they are hereby Authorized and Impowered in 
forming a Contract for that purpose to take the Bond or Obligation for the 
Purchase Money Payable, in whole or in part, either in Money or in Six 
Per Cent, three Per Cent or deferred Stock of the United States, and 
Carrying Interest to Commence at a Day subsequent to the Date of such 
Bond or Obligation as thev shall Judge will be most beneficial to the 
State.23 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Committee appointed by the General 
Assembly in May last for the purpose of making Sale of the Lands belong- 
ing to this State West of the Line of the State of Pensylvania, be and they 
are hereby Impowered to make Sale of such lands if they Judge expedient 
to any Foreigner or Foreigners, who may make Proposals respecting the 
same and make good and sufficient Conveyances to such Foreigner or 
Foreigners, and such Conveyances shall inure to such Grantee or Grantees 
in the same manner as it would or might inure if made to any Inhabitant 
of this State. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Comptroller of the Public Accounts 
be and hereby is directed to inforce a Collection of all the outstanding 
Debts in favour of this State with the utmost expedition. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Treasurer of this State be and he 
is hereby directed to correct the Error made in the List of the Town of 
New London for the Year 1792, by adding thereto the Sum of £2027, and 
that his Warrants Issue on said List accordingly. 

The Gentlemen nominated by the Votes of the Freemen of this State to 
stand for Election as xA.ssistants, or Members of the Council in May next 
as sent in to this present Assembly are as follow viz. 



23. See above, pp. 16-17 and note. Even this early in the controversy there seems to 
have been considerable opposition to selling the land at this time. The lower house 
first passed a resolution revoking the powers of the committee, then reconsidered and 
negatived the revocation. At the close of the session, the powers of the committee 
were enlarged to permit sale to non-residents of Connecticut and non-citizens of the 
United States. See next entry. Assembly Journal, Oct. 21, 22, 30, 1793. 



102 PUBLIC RECORDS Octobcr, 

His Excellency Samuel Hunting- John Chandler Esqr 

ton Esqr Jonathan Ingersoll Esqr 
The Honorable OHver Wolcott Thomas Grosvenor Esqr 

Esqr Thomas Seymour Esqr 

William Williams Esqr Araon Austin Esqr 

Joseph Piatt Cook Esqr Joshua Coit Esqr 

William Hillhouse Esqr Roger Griswold Esqr 

John Treadwell Esqr Zephaniah Swift Esqr 

James Davenport Esqr William Edmond Esqr 

Roger Newberry Esqr James Wads worth Esqr 

Heman Swift Esqr Chauncey Goodrich Esqr ^^ 

Resolved by this Assembly That the Secretary of this State be and he is 
hereby directed to be Cause [sic] to be Printed as soon as may be two 
hundred Copies of the Resolutions of this Assembly respecting a new 
Nomination and Election of Representatives in Congress.^^ 

Whereas the Lists of the Towns of Stonington & Norfolk are by Mis- 
take returned to this Assembly in such a manner that they cannot be 
received 

Resolved by this Assembly that the said Towns of Stonington & Nor- 
folk have Liberty and Liberty is hereby Granted to said Towns to return 
the Lists of said Towns of the Year 1793, to the General Assembly to be 
holden at Hartford in May next. 

Whereas it is Represented to this Assembly that the return of the List 
of the Town of Granby for August 1793 is not accompanied with a Certi- 
ficate from lawfull Authority, that the Listers signing the same were 
sworn to their Office according to Law and this Assembly being satisfied 
by the evidence adduced that said Listers were duely qualified 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Committee for receiving the Lists 
of the several Towns be and they are hereby directed to receive and enter 
the said List notwithstanding the want of such Certificate. 

This Assembly do appoint John Treadwell. Roger Newberry and Pliny 
Hyllier Esqrs, to be Overseers of New Gate Prison until! the rising of 
the General Assembly in May next, and all the Contracts Acts and pro- 
ceedings of the Overseers under the appointment in May 1792 since the 
rising of the General Assembly in May last shall have the same operation 
and effect as if they had been made and done under a regular appointment. 



24. The Connecticut Gazette, Oct. 31, and Connecticut Journal, Nov. 6, give the 
list of votes for these men : Governor Huntington, 1844 ; Lieut. Gov. Wolcott, 1383 ; 
William Williams, 2770; Joseph Piatt Cook, 3014; William Hillhouse, 2964; John 
Treadwell, 3129; James Davenport, 2i77 ; Roger Newberry, 2782; Heman Swift, 
3111; John Chandler, 2017; Jonathan Ingersoll, 3010; Thomas Grosvenor, 2616; 
Thomas Seymour, 2406; Aaron Austin, 2092; Joshua Coit, 1299; Roger Griswold, 
1278; Zephaniah Swift, 1225; William Edmond, 809; James Wadsworth, 764; 
Chauncey Goodrich, 681. 

25. See above, pp. 96-98. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 103 

This Assembly do appoint Daniel Tilden Esqr Lieut Colonel Commandt 
of the twelfth Regiment of MiHtia in this State in the room of Colonel 
Gilbert resigned. 

This Assembly do appoint Whiting Backus Esqr. to be Major of the 
twelfth Regiment of Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint John Raymond Esqr Lieut Colonel Com- 
mandt of the third Regiment of Militia in this State in the room of Lieut 
Colonel Hallam resigned. 

This Assembly do appoint Simeon Avery Esqr. Lieut Colonel Com- 
mandt of the eighth Regiment of Militia in this State in the room of Lieut 
Colonel Avery resigned. 

This Assembly do appoint Joseph Wilcox the 2d., Esqr. Lieut Colonel 
Comdt of the seventh Regiment of Militia in this State in the room of 
Edward Shipman Esqr who has resigned. 

This Assembly do appoint Daniel Brainerd Esqr to be Major of the 
seventh Regiment of Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Caleb Booth Esqr. Major of the nineteenth 
Regiment in the first Brigade of Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Andrew Hull Junr Esqr Major of the first 
Regiment of Cavalry in this State in the room of William Hart Esqr 
promoted. 

This Assembly do establish Asa Atwater to be Ensign of the seventh 
Company of Militia in the second Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Josiah Griswold Ely to be Lieutenant of the 
third Company of Militia in the thirty third Regiment in this State. 

This Assemly do establish Benjamin Dart to be Captain of the sixth 
Company of Militia in the third Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Philip ^Morgan to be Lieutenant of the sixth 
Company of Militia in the third Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jason Beckwith to be Ensign of the sixth 
Company of Militia in the third Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Mosely Dunham to be Ensign of a 
Company of Grenadiers in the fifth Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Eleazer Owen to be Captain of the fourth 
Company of Militia in the fifth Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do estal)lish Roswell Burnham to be Lieutenant of the 
fourth Company of Militia in the fifth Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Dow to be Ensign of the fourth 
Company of Militia in the fifth Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jacob Holt to be Captain of the fifth Com- 
pany of Militia in the 5th Regiment in this State. 



104 PUBLIC RECORDS Octobcr, 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Fuller Junr to be Lieutenant of 
the 5th Company of Militia in the 5th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish William Bennit to be Ensign of the fifth 
Company of Militia in the fifth Regiment in this State. 

This Assemlily do establish Ezra Smith Junr to be Ensign of the eighth 
Company of Militia in the fifth Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Henry Hill to be Ensign of the seventh 
Company of Militia in the seventh Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Amos Hubby to be Captain of the fourtli 
Company of Militia in the 9th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Benjamin Hubby to be Lieutenant of the 
fourth Company of Militia in tlie ninth Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Natlianiel Brown to be Ensign of the fourth 
Company of Militia in the ninth Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Isaac Smith to be Captain of the third Com- 
pany of Militia in the ninth Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Henry Wicks to be Lieutenant of the third 
Company of Militia in the ninth Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Ebenezer Webb Junr to be Ensign of the 
third Company of Militia in the ninth Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establisli Jasper Mead to be Lieutenant of the fifth 
Company of Militia in the ninth Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Frederick Hait to be Captain of the sixth 
Company of Militia in the ninth Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Abraham Daviss to be Lieutenant of the 
sixth Company of Militia in the ninth Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Jared Smith to he Ensign of the sixth Com- 
pany of Militia in the ninth Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Israel Peck to be Captain of the 7th Com- 
pany of Militia in the ninth Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Alexander Grigg to be Lieutenant of the 
7th Company of Militia in the ninth Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Mills to be Lieutenant of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the ninth Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Manoah Camp to be Lieutenant of the 
second Company of Mihtia in the 10th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Southmaid to be Ensign of the second 
Company of Militia in the 10th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elisha Merriman to be Captain of the fifth 
Company of Militia in the 10th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Phineas Hall to be Lieutenant of the fifth 
Company of Militia in the 10th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do estaljlish Asaph Meriam to be Ensign of the fifth 
Company of Militia in the 10th Regiment in this State. 

This Assemlily do establish Ja1)ez Chalker Junr to be Captain of the 
sixth Company of Militia in the 10th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do' establish Seth Seward to he Lieutenant of the sixth 
Company of Militia in the 10th Regiment in this State. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 105 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Wright to be Ensign of the sixth 
Company of Militia in the 10th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathan Grosvenor to be Captain of the 
first Company of Militia in the 11th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Day to be Captain of the 5th Company 
of Militia in the 11th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish David Day to be Lieutenant of the 5th 
Company of Militia in the 11th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Luther Warren to be Ensign of the 5th 
Company of Militia in the 11th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Peter Ingals to be Captain of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 11th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Ephraim Ingals Junr to be Lieutenant of 
the 8th Company of Militia in the 11th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Sumner Jur to be Ensign of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 11th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elias Child 2d to be Captain of the 10th 
Company of Militia in the 11th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elisha Gage to be Lieutenant of the 10th 
Company of Militia in the 11th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Ehjah Perry to be Ensign of the 10th Com- 
pany of Militia in the 11th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Amos Goodel to be Captain of the 11th 
Company of Mihtia in the 11th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Whitman Junr to be Lieutenant of the 
11th Company of Militia in the 11th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Isaac Upham to be Ensign of the 11th 
Company of Militia in the 11th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Bethuel Treat Junr to be Lieutenant of the 
6th Company of Militia in the 13th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Seward to be Ensign of the sixth 
Company of Militia in the 13th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Beebe to be Captain of the third 
Company of Militia in the 14th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Beckley Junr to be Lieutenant of the 
third Company of Militia in the 14th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do estabhsh Nehemiah Brown Junr to be Captain of the 
5th Company of Militia in the 9th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Hoiiabert to be Ensign of the third 
Company of Militia in the 14th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathaniel Freeman to be Captain of the 
third Company of Militia in the 14th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do estabhsh Phineas Chapin to be Lieutenant of the 
third Company of Militia in the 14th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do estabhsh Milo Lee to be Ensign of the third Company 
of Militia in the 14th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Asahel Case Junr to be Ensign of the tifth 
Company of Militia in the 14th Regiment in this State. 



106 PUBLIC RECORDS October, 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Jackway to be Lieutenant of the 
7th Company of Militia in the 14th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Benjamin Goodrich to be Ensign of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 14th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Lee Junr to be Captain of tlie first 
Company of Militia in the 15th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Root Junr to be Lieutenant of the 
first Company of Militia in the 15th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elias Lewiss to be Ensign of the first Com- 
pany of Militia in the 15th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Squire Ambler to be Captain of a Company 
of Artillery in the 16th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Rider to be first lieutenant of a Com- 
pany of Artiller}' in the 16th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Adam Stoddard Clark to be second Lieu- 
tenant of a Company of Artillery in the 16th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Alexander McLean to be Lieutenant of the 
first Company of iSIilitia in the 16th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish William Chappel to be Ensign of the first 
Company of Militia in the 16th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Enos Johnson to be Captain of the second 
Company of Militia in the 16th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Philo Botsford to be Lieutenant of the 
second Company of Militia in the 16th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Bennet Judson to be Ensign of the second 
Company of Militia in the 16th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Landon Jur to be Captain of the 
11th Company of Militia in the 17th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Simmons to be Lieutenant of the 11th 
Company of Militia in the 17th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Solomon Simmons to be Ensign of the 11th 
Company of Mihtia in the 17th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Abel Adams to be Lieutenant of the ninth 
Company of Militia in the 18th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elisha Foot to be Ensign of the ninth Com- 
pany of Militia in the 18th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Asher Humphry to be Captain of the 5th 
Company of Militia in the 18th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elias Case to be Ensign of the 5th Company 
of Militia in the 18th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jonah Strickland Junr to be Captain of the 
4th Company of Militia in the 19th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Loomiss to be Ensign of the 4th 
Company of Militia in the 19th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Ebenezer Bushnall to be Captain of the 
first Company of Militia in the 20th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Lord to be Lieutenant of the first 
Company of Militia in the 20th Regiment in this State. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 107 

This Assembly do establish Bela Armstrong to be Captain of the 
seventh Company of Militia in the 20th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Cherib [ ?] Abell to be Lieutenant of the 
seventh Company of Militia in the 20th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Smith to be Ensign of the seventh 
Company of Militia in the 20th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jedidiah Johnson to be Captain of a Com- 
pany of Light Infantry in the 21st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jacob Cleaveland to be Lieutenant of a 
Company of Light Infantry in the 21st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jairus Smith to be Ensign of a Company 
of Light Infantry in the 21st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish David Litchfield to be Captain of a Com- 
pany of Grenadiers in the 21st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Roswell Parish to be Lieutenant of a 
Company of Grenadiers in the 21st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Ebenezer Adams to be Ensign of a Com- 
pany of Grenadiers in the 21st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Seth Clark to be Lieutenant of the second 
Company of Militia in the 21st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Asael Bacon to be Ensign of the second 
Company of Militia in the 21st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Silas Cleaveland Junr to be Captain of the 
fifth Company of Militia in the 21st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Asa Burgis to be Lieutenant of the fifth 
Company of Militia in the 21st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Asa Butt to be Ensign of the fifth Company 
of Militia in the 21st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Noah Cole to be Captain of the sixth Com- 
pany of Militia in the 21st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Anthony Brown to be Lieutenant of the 
sixth Company of Militia in the 21st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elisha Perkins to be Ensign of the sixth 
Company of Militia in the 21st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elisha Boman to be Captain of the ninth 
Company of Militia in the 21st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Roswell Morgan to be Lieutenant of the 
yth Company of Militia in the 21st Regiment in this State. 

This Assemby do establish Benjamin Wood to be Ensign of the 9th 
Company of Militia in the 21st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Ammi Paulk to be Captain of the third 
Company of Militia in the 22d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Warren to be Lieutenant of the third 
Company of Militia in the 22d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do estabhsh Ashbel Steel to be Ensign of the third Com- 
pany of Militia in the 22d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Cotman to be Ensign of the 10th 
Company of Militia in the 22d Regiment in this State. 



108 PUBLIC RECORDS October. 

This Assembly do establish David Hall to be Lieutenant of the 4th 
Company of Militia in the 23d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Wilcox to be Ensign of the 4th 
Company of Militia in the 23d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Timothy Roberts to be Ensign of the 10th 
Company of Miltia in the 23rd Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Uzziel Foot to be Captain of the second 
Company of Militia in the 24th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Gibbons Mather to be Lieutenant of the 
2d Company of Militia in the 24th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Dudley \\'orthington to be Ensign of the 
2d Company of Militia in the 24th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jonathan Morgan to be Captain of the third 
Company of Militia in the 24th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Amos Kellogg to be Lieutenant of the third 
Company of Militia in the 24th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish James Otis to be Ensign of the third Com- 
pany of Militia in the 24th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Eleazer Dunham 2d to be Captain of the 
fifth Company of Militia in the 24th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Benjamin Adams 2d to be Lieutenant of the 
fifth Company of Militia in the 24th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish William Dunham to be Ensign of the 5th 
Company of Militia in the 24th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elijah Crosby to be Ensign of the 9th 
Company of Militia in the 24th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Dodge to be Lieutenant of the 10th 
Company of Militia in the 24th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jabez Jones Jur to be Ensign of the 10th 
Company of Militia in the 24th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Benoni Bronson to be Captain of the 4th 
Company of Mil'itia in the 25th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Peter Corbin Junr to be Lieutenant of the 
4th Company of Militia in the 25th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel W^etmore to be Ensign of the 4th 
Company of Militia in the 25th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Solomon Newel to be Captain of the 5th 
Company of Militia in the 25th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathaniel Lewiss to be Lieutenant of the 
5th Company ofMilitia in the 25th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Humphry Case to be Ensign of the 5th 
Company of Militia in the 25th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Hart Junr to be Captain of the 
first Company of Militia in the 27th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathaniel Fowler to be Lieutenant of the 
first Company of Militia in the 27th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Eliott Junr to be Ensign of the first 
Company of MiUtia in the 27th Regiment in this State. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 109 

This Assembly do establish Elihu Stewart to be Captain of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 29th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish James Addison Potter to be Lieutenant of 
the 8th Company of Militia in the 29th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Gamaliel Baldwin Giddings to be Ensign 
of the 8th Company of Militia in the 29th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Paul Babcock to be Lieutenant of the first 
Company of Militia in the 30th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jesse Stanton to be Ensign of the first 
Company of Militia in the 30th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Park Williams to be Captain of the 5th 
Company of Militia in the 30th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Crary Junr to be Lieutenant of 
the 5th Company of Militia in the 30th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jonathan Fish to be Ensign of the 5th 
Company of Militia in the 30th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Eli Hawkins Junr to be Captain of the 
seventh Company of Militia in the 32d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Enos Smith to be Lieutenant of the seventh 
Company of Militia in the 32d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Merrills to be Ensign of the seventh 
Company of Militia in the 32d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Nehemiah Smith to be Captain of a Com- 
pany of Grenadiers in the 33d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Peck Jimr to be Lieutenant of a 
Company of Grenadiers in the 33d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Strickland to be Ensign of a Com- 
pany of Grenadiers in the 33d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jonathan Jones to be Captain of the first 
Company of Militia in the first Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Burrows to be Captain of the second 
Company of Militia in the third Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish James Thompson to be Lieutenant of the 
Second Company of Militia in the third Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish William Cleaveland to be Ensign of the 
second Company of Militia in the third Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathan Jennings to be Captain of the first 
Company of Militia in the fourth Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Gold Silliman to be Lieutenant of the first 
Company of Militia in the fourth Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Richard Bangs to be Ensign of the first 
Company of Militia in the fourth Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Philo Lyon to be Ensign of the 8th Com- 
pany of Militia in the 4th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elijah Covell to be Captain of the sixth 
Company of Militia in the sixth Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do estabhsh James McLean to be Lieutenant of the 
sixth Company of Militia in the sixth Regiment in this State. 



110 PUBLIC RECORDS October, 

This Assembly do establish Asa Goslee to be Ensign of the sixth 
Company of Militia in the sixth Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Knapp to be Captain of a Company 
of Light Infantry in the ninth Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Griffin to be Lieutenant of a Company 
of Light Infantry in the ninth Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Webb to be Ensign of a Company of 
Light Infantry in the ninth Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Abner Everitt to be Captain of the seventh 
Company of Militia in the 13th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Abner Wheeler to be Lieutenant of the 
seventh Company of Militia in the 13th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Nehemiah Lambert to be Ensign of the 
seventh Company of Militia in the 13th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jonathan Pasko [ ?] to be Captain of the 
second Company of Light Infantry in the 19th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Rufus Payne to be Lieutenant of the 
second Company of Light Infantry in the 19th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Watson Junr. to be Ensign of the 
second Company of Light Infantry in the 19th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Noah Baldwin to be Captain of the first 
Company of Light Infantry in the 26th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Kingsbury to be Lieutenant of the 
first Company of Light Infantry in the 26th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish James Scovil to be Ensign of the first 
Company of Light Infantry in the 26th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jedidiah Beebe to be Ensign of the second 
Company of Militia in the 33d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Asael Roland Junr to be Ensign of the 
fourth Company of Militia in the 33d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Benajah Smith to be Lieutenant of the 
ninth Company of Militia in the 35th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Ebenezer Allen to be Ensign of the ninth 
Company of Militia in the 35th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathan Morgan to be Lieutenant of the 
fourth Company of Light Dragoons in the second Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish William Brown to be Cornet of the fourth 
Company of Light Dragoons in the second Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Gurdon Hewit to be Captain of the fifth 
Company of Light Dragoons in the second Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jonathan Austin to be second Lieutenant 
of the fifth Company of Light Dragoons in the second Regiment in this 
State. 

This Assembly do establish Christopher Raymond to be Cornet of the 
fifth Company of Light Dragoons in the second Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Hezekiah Wakeman to be Captain of the 
third Company of Light Dragoons in the third Regiment in this State. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 111 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Duncan Junr to be Lieutenant 
of the third Company of Light Dragoons in the third Regiment in this 
State. 

This Assembly do establish Jesse Banks Junr to be Cornet of the 
third Company of Light Dragoons in the third Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Chester Child to be 2d Lieutenant of the 
second Company of Light Dragoons in the 4th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish William Willson to be second Lieutenant 
of the third Company of Light Dragoons in the 4th Regiment in this 
State. 

This Assembly do establish John McCray to be Cornet of the third 
Company of Light Dragoons in the fourth Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathan Dow to be first Lieutenant of the 
4th Company of Light Dragoons in the 4th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Cyrus Spalding to be second Lieutenant 
of the 4th Company of Light Dragoons in the 4th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Erastus Hough to be Cornet of the 4th 
Company of Light Dragoons in the 4th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Amos James to be second Lieutenant of 
the 5th Company of Light Dragoons in the 4th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Ebenezer Grant to be Cornet of the 5th 
Company of Light Dragoons in the 4th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Russel Hunt 2d to be 1st Lieutenant of 
the second Company of Light Dragoons in the 5th Regiment in said 
State. 

This Assembly do establish Abraham Burt to be 2d Lieutenant of the 
second Company of Light Dragoons in the 5th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish David Patterson to be Cornet of the 2d 
Company of Light Dragoons in the 5th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Gridley to be Captain of the 3d 
Company of Light Dragoons in the 5th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Solomon Fish to be Lieutenant of the third 
Company of Light Dragoons in the 5th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joel Root to be Cornet of the third Com- 
pany of Light Dragoons in the 5th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Christopher Johnson to be second Lieuten- 
ant of of [sic] the 4th Company of Light Dragoons in the 5th Regiment 
in this State. 

This Assembly do estabHsh Matthew Grant Junr to be Cornet of the 
4th Company of Light Dragoons in the 5th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Martin Smith Junr to be first Lieutenant 
of the 6th Company of Light Dragoons in the 5th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Chauncey Seymour to be second Lieuten- 
ant of the sixth Company of Light Dragoons in the fifth Regiment in this 
State. 

This Assembly do establish Roman Filer to be Cornet of the sixth 
Company of Light Dragoons in the 5th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Luke Wadsworth to be second Lieutenant 
of the 8th Company of Light Dragoons in the 5th Regiment in this State. 



112 PUBLIC RECORDS October, 

This Assembly do establish Chauncey Gleason to be Cornet of the 
8th Company of Light Dragoons in the 5th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Friend Clark to be 2d Lieutenant of the 
first Company of Light Dragoons in the 5th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Oliver Parmelee Junr to be Cornet of the 
first Company of Light Dragoons in the 5th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Amos Alden to be Captain of a Troop of 
Horse annexed to the 31st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish" Phineas Lovejoy Jnnr to be first Lieuten- 
ant of a Troop of Horse annexed to the 31st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Vashni Hall to be 2d Lieutenant of a 
Troop of Horse "annexed to the 31st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Graham to be Cornet of a Troop of 
Horse annexed to the 31st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Lester to be Lieutenant of the 4th 
Company of Mihtia in the 31st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Seth King 2d to be Ensign of the 4th Com- 
pany of Militia in the 31st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Eli Adams to be 2d Lieutenant of the 
seventh Company of Light Dragoons in the 5th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Edmond Loclavood to be Cornet of the 
seventh Company of Light Dragoons in the 5th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish George Lattimer to be Ensign of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the first Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish INIarcus Merriman to be Captain of the 
first Company of Militia in the 2d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Mix to be Lieutenant of the first 
Company of Militia in the 2d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Henry I Cooledge to be Ensign of the 
first Company of Militia m the 2d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Potter to be Captain of the eighth 
Company of Militia in the second Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Isaac Munson to be Ensign of the eighth 
Company in the second Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathaniel Gregory Junr to be Captain 
of the fourth Company of Light Dragoons in the third Regiment in this 
State. 

This Assembly do establish Bradley Hull to be first Lieutenant of the 
4th Company of Light Dragoons in the third Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Eli Hecock to be second Lieutenant of 
the 4th Company of Light Dragoons in the third Regiment in this State. 
This Assembly do establish Abijah Peck Junr to be Cornet of the 4th 
Company of Light Dragoons in the third Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Gershom Bradley 3d to be Captain of the 
seventh Company of Militia in the 4th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Gray to be Lieutenant of the 
seventh Company of Militia in the 4th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do estal^lish James Chapman to be Ensign of the first 
Company of Militia in the seventh Regiment in this State. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 113 

This Assembly do establish Heman Brainerd to be Captain of the 6th 
Company of Militia in the 7th Reg-iment in this State. 

This Assembly do estabHsh John Brainerd to be Lieutenant of the 
6th Company of Militia in the 7th Re.jjiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Stephen Bailey to be Ensig-n of the 6th 
Company of Militia in the 7th Ref^iment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish William Forrester to be Captain of the sixth 
Company of Militia in the 16th Re^^iment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Barnum Junr to be Captain of the 
seventh Company of Militia in the 16th Ree^iment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Benjamin Peck to be Lieutenant of the 
seventh Company of Militia in the i6th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Abel Barnum to be Ensign of the seventh 
Company of Militia in the 16th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Zebina Smith to be Captain of the eighth 
Company of Militia in the 25th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do estabHsh George Frazer to be Lieutenant of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 25th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Betts Junr to be Captain of the 
fourth Company of Militia in the 34th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Zadock Raymond to be Lieutenant of the 
fourth Company of Militia in the 34th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Ebenezer Abbott to be Ensign of the 
fourth Company of Militia in the 34th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do estabHsh Simon Clark to be Lieutenant of the first 
Company of Militia in the first Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Neef to be Ensign of the first Com- 
pany of Militia in the first Regiment in this State.' 

This Assembly do establish Moses Kellogg to be Captain of the first 
Company of Militia in the 25th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jehiel Benham to be Lieutenant of the 
first Company of Militia in the 25th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Cowles to be Ensign of the first 
Company of Militia in the 25th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish William Cook to be Captain of the second 
Company of Militia in the 25th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Riverius Bidvvell to be Lieutenant of the 
2d Company of Militia in the 25th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Earls Thorp to be Ensign of the second 
Company of Militia in the 25th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do estabHsh Dyer White to be Lieutenant of the second 
Company of the Governors Guard in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Stannard to be Captain of the 
ninth Company of Militia in the seventh Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish James Thomas to be Lieutenant of the 
nmth Company of Militia in the seventh Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish David Spencer to be Ensign of the ninth 
Company of Militia in the 7th Regiment in this State. 



114 PUBLIC RECORDS October, 

This Assembly do establish Seth Minor Junr to be Ensign of the 
first Company of Militia in the 13th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John H Strong to be Lieutenant of the 
sixth Company of Militia in the 23d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Park to be Ensign of the sixth Com- 
pany of Militia in the 23d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Josiah James Lindsley to be Ensign of 
the 7th Company of Militia in the 27th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Robert Wetmore to be Captain of a 
Matross Company in the 28th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Ephraim Beardslee to be first Lieutenant 
of a Matross Company in the 28th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Thompson to be second Lieutenant 
of a Matross Company in the 28th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Beardslee to be Captain of the first 
Company of Light Infantry in the 28th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do estai)lish Andrew Curtiss to be Lieutenant of the 
first Company of Light Infantry in the 28th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Henry Curtiss to be Ensign of the first 
Company of Light Infantry in the 28th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish David Baldwin Newton to be Captain of 
the 4th Company of Militia in the 28th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elisha Anthony Clark to be Lieutenant 
of the fourth Company of Militia in the 28th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Wolcott Hurd to be Ensign of the fourth 
Company of Militia in the 28th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish George Healy to be Captain of the sixth 
Company of Militia in the 28th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Cyrus Hawley to be Lieutenant of the 
sixth Company of Militia in the 28th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Wilcoxson to be Ensign of the sixth 
Company of Militia in the 28th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Thaddeus Beardslee to be Captain of the 
8th Company of Militia in the 28th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Silas Wheeler to be Lieutenant of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 28th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Lewiss Shelton to be Ensign of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 28th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Baldwin to be Lieutenant of the third 
Company of Militia in the 29th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Easton Junr to be Ensign of the 
third Company of Militia in the 29th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Isaac Scudder Isaacs to be Captain of the 
third Company of Militia in the 34th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Hoyt 2d to be Lieutenant of the 
third Company of Militia in the 34th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish William Chittester to be Captain of a 
Company of Light Infantry in the 35th Regiment in this State. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 115 

This Assembly do establish Andrew Andrews to be Lieutenant of a 
Company of Light Infantry in the 35th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Amos Bristol to be Ensign of a Company 
of Light Infantry in the 35th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Bartlett to be Ensign of the first 
Company of Militia in the 27th Regiment in this State.^^ 

This Assembly do establish Isaac Hills to be Ensign of the sixth Com- 
pany of Militia in the 19th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Taylor to be Captain oi the second 
Company of Light Dragoons in the second Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Timothy Gates 3d to be first Lieutenant 
of the second Company of Light Dragoons in the second Regiment in this 
State. 

This Assembly do establish Uriah Carrier to be second Lieutenant of 
the 2d Company of Light Dragoons in the second Regiment in this 
State. 

This Assembly do establish Stephen Douglas to be Captain of the 
late 9th Company of Militia in the third Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Waterhouse to be Lieutenant of the 
late 9th Company of Militia in the third Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Waterhouse to be Ensign of the late 
9th Company of Militia in the third Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Blakeslee to be Captain of a 
Company of Light Infantry in the 25th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Sweet to be Lieutenant of a Company 
of Light Infantry in the 25th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Isaac Filley to be Ensign of a Company of 
Light Infantry in the 25th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Arab Phelps to be Captain of the seventh 
Company of Militia in the 25th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel C Chamberlin to be Lieutenant of 
the 7th Company of Militia in the 25th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Isaac Kneeland Junr to be Ensign of the 
seventh Company of Militia in the 25th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Eber Munger to be Lieutenant of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 27th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do estblish Benjamin Field to be Ensign of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 27th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Burwell to be Lieutenant of the 
seventh Company of Militia in the 34th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Eleazer Hanford to be Ensign of the 
seventh Company of Militia in the 34th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Hezekiah Betts to be Ensign of the first 
Company of Militia in the 34th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Eliphalet Austin to be Captain of a Com- 
pany of Light Infantry in the 25th Regiment in this State. 



26. See below, p. 160. 



116 PUBLIC RECORDS Octobcr, 

This Assembly do establish Benja Hutchins to be Lieutenant of a 
Company of Light Infantry in the 25th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Clark Brinsmade to be Ensign of 
a Company of Light Infantry in the 25th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Benjamin Hull to be Lieutenant of the 
fourth Company of Militia in the 4th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Dexters to be Ensign of the 
fourth Company of Militia in the 4th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Charles Miller to be Captain of the fourth 
Company of Militia in the 21st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jonathan Parkhurst to be Lieutenant of 
the fourth Company of MiHtia in the 21st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Waterman Shepard to be Ensign of the 
fourth Company" of Militia in the 21st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Baldwin to be Captain of the third 
Company of Militia in the 29th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Easton Junr to be Lieutenant of the 
third Company of Militia in the 29th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Abner Hollister to be Ensign of the third 
Company of MiHtia in the 29th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Dayid Dickinson to be Lieutenant of the 
second Company of Militia in the 7th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Huntington May to be Ensign of the 
second Company of Militia in the 7th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Elisha Frost to be Captain of the second 
Company of Light Infantr}^ in the 26th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Aaron Smith to be Lieutenant of the 
second Company' of Light Infantry in the 26th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Selah Seymour to be Ensign of the second 
Company of Light Infantry in the 26th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Abijah Henry Beach to be Ensign of the 
first Company of Light Infantry in the 26th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Greenfield H Knaps to be Ensign of the 
first Company of Light Infantry in the 23d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel St John to be second Lieutenant 
of a Company of Artillery Company in the 35th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Calyin Gay to be Ensign of the 4th Com- 
pany of Militia in the 35th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Stephen Lockwood to be Captain of the 
first Company of Militia in the 34th Regiment in this State. 

This Asseml)ly do establish James Hinman to [sic] Ensign of the third 
Company of Militia in the 13th Regiment in this State. 

Whereas Ezekiel Case of Windsor in Hartford County in confined in 
Goal in Middletovvn in Middlesex County for Cost accrued on his Tryal 
before the Superior Court held at Hartford in Hartford County in Sep- 
tember last for Murther of which he was acquitted on the sole Grounds of 
Insanity, and ijy reason of the said Cases inability to pay said Cost the 
State will lie put to additional Cost by his further Imprisonment 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 117 

Resolved by this Assembly That the Keeper of the aforesaid Goal be 
and hereby is directed to release the said Ezekiel Case from Goal and him 
Convey and deliver to one of the Civil Authority or Select Men of said 
Town of Windsor on the second of December next that he may be dis- 
posed of as to Law appertains.^'' 

Upon the petition of Paul Noyes of New Haven in New Haven 
County Shewing to this Assembly that by supplying the late Army with 
Cartouch Boxes, scabbards & Bells and receiving in Payment Continental 
Money he had been rendered Insolvent Praying for relief as per Petition 
on file the said Petitioner having been served according to Law and none 
appearing to oppose Granting the Prayer thereof and it being made to 
appear to this Assembly that the facts Stated in said Petition are true 

Resolved by this Assembly that the said Paul Noyes shall upon deliver- 
ing up and conveying upon Oath to Samuel Bishop David Austin and 
Henry Daggett Esqrs., all his Estate real and personal excepting such 
Estate as is exempted from Execution, by the tenth day of January next, 
be exempted from all Arrest and Imprisonment for or on Account of any 
Debt due from him at the Date of his said Petition, and the said Samuel 
Bishop, David Austin and Henry Daggett are hereby appointed Trustees 
with full Power to receive a Conveyance from the said Noyes of all his 
Estate both real and personal, and to sue for and recover the same by 
Action in their own Names, And the said Trustees shall within two 
Months after the said 10th Day of said January, in case said Noves shall 
convey his Estate to them by that Time give Notice in the News Papers 
published in the City of New Haven for three Weeks successively that 
they are appointed Trustees as aforesaid and shall appoint a Time and 
Place they will meet for the purpose of receiving and examining the 
Claims of all Persons who were Creditors of the said Paul Noyes at the 
Date of his said Petition, And the said Trustees are hereby Authorized 
and Impowered finally to adjust and determine all such Claims so far as 
a rateable division of the Estate in Virtue of this Resolve conveyed to 
them by said Noyes is concerned And said Trustees after deducting from 
the Avails of such Estate the reasonable Expences attending the Execu- 
tion of their Trust, shall divide the remainder rateably among the said 
Creditors, who shall have made out their Claims before said Trustees, and 
shall as soon as may be after they shall have Converted the Estate 
conveyed by said Noyes to them into Money, and adjusted the said 
Claims appoint by Advertisement in said NewsPapers a Time and Place 
at which they will make such Division. 

27. In July 1793 Ezekiel Case of Windsor, while making shoes at the home of 
a Mr. Ackley, a shoemaker in Wintonbury, attacked Mrs. Ackley and killed a young 
child she had been holding. He was tried in September at the Hartford Superior 
Court. "It was proved by a great number of witnesses that said Case had been in a 
state of insanity, for a number of years past — the verdict of the Jury, therefore, was, 
not guilty — The Court have ordered him confined till the sitting of the General 
Assembly in October next, when suitable measures will undoubtedly be taken to pre- 
vent his doing further mischief." American Mercury, July 15, Sept. 16, 1793. For 
the act providing for the confinement of insane persons, which applied to this case, 
see above, pp. 87-88. 



118 PUBLIC RECORDS October, 

Upon the Petition of Isaac Lockwood Silvanus Knapp Nathaniel Webb 
and Charles Smith Select Men of the Town of Stamford, Shewing to this 
Assembly that Ruama Holly, Daughter of Francis Holly late of said 
Stamford Deceased is naturally wanting of understanding and incapable 
of taking Care of herself, that she is and must continue to be Chargeable 
to said Town, and that she is the Owner of about twenty four Acres of 
Land in said Stamford which is unfenced and unprofitable, but would now 
sell to advantage, and that the Avails thereof if now sold and put on 
Interest would provide for her support a much longer Time, than if dis- 
posed of in any way Authorized by Law that said Ruama is less than 
thirty Years of Age, and will in all probability live to expend the whole 
of her own Estate, and be an expence to said Town, Praying Authority 
to sell the real Estate of said Ruama &c as per Petition on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that said Select Men be and they are hereby 
Authorized and Impowered to Sell and Convey the real Estate of said 
Ruama lying in said Stamford and use and improve the Money arising 
therefrom for the support of said Ruama as may be necessary from 
Time to Time, the said Select Men in Case of the Decease of said Ruama 
being Subject to Account with the legal Representatives of said Ruama for 
what of her Estate shall remain unexpended, at the Time of her Decease. 

Upon the Petition of Jonah Smith of Windham Shewing to this As- 
sembly that he purchased of Benjamin Smith a Tract of Land lying in 
said Windham, described as follows viz beginning at a Meer Stone by the 
Highway by Isaiah Woods Shop, and thence Westerly 91^ Rods or so 
far as to contain ten Acres, abutting Southerly on Philemon & John 
Woods Land, Westerly on Land of said Benjamin Smith and Northerly 
on Land of said Jonah Smith to said Highway and Easterly on said 
Highway to the first mentioned Bound, by Deed dated March 25th 1769, 
duely executed and attested by two Witnesses, but that said Benjamin, 
died without acknoledging said Deed, that the Heirs of said Benjamin 
are willing that said Deed should be declared valid but that part of them 
are Minors and incapable of executing a Deed to Convey said Lands 
which Consent has been signified by Benjamin Smith Roger Smith, 
Eunice Smith, Lydia Smith and Caroline Lane who are of full Age, and 
by Chloe Smith Guardian and Mother to Nancy Smith and James Farell 
Smith Minors Heirs of said Benjamin Deceasd as per Memorial on file. 
Praying that said Deed may be declared valid 

Resolved by this Assembly that upon the said Jonah Smith recording in 
the Records of the Town of Windham said Deed from said Benjamin 
Deceased with this Resolve, the same shall Vest the Title of said discribed 
Lands in said Jonah and be compleat and legal Evidence of the same. 

Upon the Memorial of Tryal Tanner Agent for the Town of Cornwall, 
Shewing to this Assembly that the List of the Town of Cornwall for the 
Year 1792 with the additions & fourfolds, returned to the Assembly in 
May 1793, was by mistake too large it being returned at £10402.5.3 L 
Money whereas in fact it ought to have been £10040.5.3 only, and shewing 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 119 

that the Treasurer of this State Issued his Warrant on said List so returned 
through mistake Praying- that said Warrant may be Corrected &c as per 
Petition on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Treasurer of this State be and he 
is hereby directed to correct said Warrant so that the same comport with 
the said List returned to said Town Clerk, and that said last mentioned 
List be the rule for future Warrants in the List of 1792 if any such 
Warrants shall be issued. 

Upon the Petition of Samuel Sanford of Watertown in the County of 
Litchfield, representing to this Assembly that he is the Parent and natural 
Guardian of Anthony Sanford, William Sanford and Harriet Sanford, 
who are Minors and Heirs at Law to Raymond Sanford late of Derby 
Deceased, That as Heirs at Law to said Raymond, the said Anthony 
William and Harriet are entitled in fee simple to a certain Part and 
Proportion of a certain Building Lott in said Derby containing sixty 
Rods, Bounded North on the Lands of Abraham Smith Junr, East on 
Highway, West on the River and South on Jabez Thompson Land, 
and that it would be for their Benefit that the same be sold and Praying 
that some suitable Person be Authorized to sell and dispose of the Right 
and Estate of said Anthony William & Harriet in said Land as by Petition 
on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that said Samuel Sanford be and he is 
hereby Authorized and Impowered to sell and by Deed to convey all the 
Right Interest and Estate which said Anthony ^Villiam and Harriet have 
in or upon said discribed Peice or Parcel of Land under the direction of 
the Judge of Probate for the District of New Haven he the said Samuel 
first giving Bonds to said Judge to his acceptance, that he the said 
Samuel shall well and faithfully account for the Proceeds and Avails of 
said Land with said Minors respectively, as they respectively attain the 
Age of twenty One Years. 

Upon the Memorial of William Nichols and Anne Nichols Adminis- 
trators on the Estate of Hanford Nichols late of Brookfield in Fairfield 
County Deceased Praying for Liberty to sell all the real Estate of said 
Deceased consisting only of a small dwelling House and about two Acres 
of Land for reasons Stated in the Memorial on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that Liberty be & Liberty and Authority 
is hereby Granted to the Memorialists to Sell the whole of said real 
Estate and make return of the Amount thereof to the Court of Probate 
for the District of Danbury and secure the neet Proceeds of the same for 
the Use of the Heir in such a manner as said Court shall direct. 

Upon the Petition of Samuel Johnson, Ebenezer Hopson & Henry 
Hill in behalf of the first Society in Guilford in New Haven County and 
Samuel Johnson Jun & Rufus Norton in behalf of the fourth Society in 
said Guilford Shewing to this Assembly that the said first and fourth 
Societies in legal Society meeting have agreed and Voted tu unite their 



120 PUBLIC RECORDS October, 

Interest as Societies for the Purpose of keeping and maintaining Schools 
and Praying this Assembly to establish and unite them as One Society for 
the purpose of Schooling Youth and Children 

Resolved by this Assembly that the said first & fourth Societies and all 
the Inhabitants residing within their respective Limits be and they are 
hereby united and established in One Society for the purpose of School- 
ing Children & Youth, and as such are entitled and Authorized to Act 
& transact all Matters & Things relative to the Schooling of Children 
& Youth and to receive all the Emoluments & privileges which each of 
said Societies ever have or may have or enjoy.^^ 

Upon the Petition of Enos Granniss, Shewing to this Assembly that by 
a variety of Misfortunes he is reduced in Circumstances and become 
unable to pay his Honest Debts, and that he is able to pay a part of his 
Debts, that one Nehemiah Royce Deceased was his Partner when part of 
his Debts were contracted and has left an ample Estate, and that his 
Creditors the most of them are willing to discharge him but are not willing 
to release the Estate of said Royce Praying for an Act of Insolvency &c 
as per Petition on file, it appearing that his Creditors were duely notified, 
and being publickly called did not appear, and a great Majority of his 
Creditors agreeing to an Act of Insolvency in his favor, And the facts 
stated in the Petition being fully proved 

therefore Resolved by this Assembly that Daniel Catlin & Uriah Tracy 
Esqrs be and they are hereby appointed Trustees to receive the Estate 
and Credits from said Grannis, and the said Trustees are hereby Author- 
ized to receive the Estate and Credits of said Grannis, and to sue for and 
pursue to final Judgment and Execution any Debt or Debts so delivered to 
them as aforesaid, and to dispose of and execute any Conveyance or 
Conveyances of any part or the whole of said Estate, and Average the 
Avails to the Creditors of said Grannis after deducting a reasonable Sum 
for their Trouble, and if said Grannis shall deliver to said Commissioners 
all his Estate and Credits excepting wearing Apparel and necessary furni- 
ture on or before the first Day of May next and shall obtain a Certificate 
from said Trustees that he has fully complied with the directions of this 
Act, then the said Grannis is hereby discharged from all his Debts con- 
tracted before the Date of his said Petition which is the 23d Day of 
April 1792 



28. The Fourth Society in Guilford had been set off by act of assembly in May 
1733; Colonial Records of Connecticut, VII, 437. In 1738 it established its own 
school, but for many years many of its children continued to use the school of the first 
Society on the Green. In 1764 the Fourth Society received a site on the Green for 
a new school, voted in 1770 to build it. The territory of the two societies was identi- 
cal. For years both schools stood on the Green north of the meeting house of the 
First Society. In July 1793 members of both societies attended separate meetings 
where they voted that it was to their mutual advantage to unite their schools. In 
April 1794 the United School Society voted to build a school house, two stories 
high. Bernard Christian Steiner, A History of the Plantation of Mcnunkatuck and 
of the Original Town of Guilford Connecticut . . . , pp. 394-401 ; William C. Moe, 
History of Education in Guilford and Allied Educational Interests (Guilford, 1936), 
pp. 17, 19. 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 121 

Provided that this Act is not to affect any Claim of any Creditor of 
said Grannis upon the Estate of Nehemiah Royce late of said Harwing- 
ton Deceasd, who was a Partner with said Grannis, but all such Claimants 
are left to the decision of Law in the same manner as though this Act 
had never past, excepting such part of any such Claims as may be paid 
by the Average of Grannis Estate, and said Trustees shall be under Oath 
for the faithfull discharge of their Trust, and shall advertise in the Litch- 
field News Paper three Weeks successively the Time and place of their 
first Meeting, and the Time limited for Creditors to lay in their Claims 
against said Grannis, which is hereby directed not to exceed one Year ; 
nor be less than six Months from their first Meeting which shall be on the 
first Day of July next, and all Claims not laid in before said Trustees 
and by them allowed within the Time they shall Limit as aforesaid shall 
be forever Barred of Recovery against said Grannis, and after said 
Trustees shall have ascertained the Claims upon said Grannis they shall 
then Average the Avails of said Grannis' Estate and Credits among them 
in proportion to such Claims by them allowed as aforesaid, after de- 
ducting a reasonable Sum for their Trouble, and if either or both said 
Trustees do not accept of this appointment the Creditors holding a 
Majority of Debts in point of Sum, may appoint one or more Trustees, 
who when appointed are hereby vested with the same Powers with which 
the Trustees above mentioned are vested by this Act. and the Person of 
said Grannis is hereby protected from Arrest or Imprisonment on Civil 
Process for any Debt contracted before the Date of his Petition untill the 
first Day of June next. 

Upon the Memorial of Atwood Bird Shewing to this Assembly that 
his Son Daniel Bird has 65 14/90 Dollars in final Settlements in the 
Treasury of this State, as Wages for Services in the late Continental 
Army, and that he has gone to Sea and has not been heard of for six Years 
or upwards and Praying that he as natural Guardian and Heir to his Son 
may have Liberty to receive said final Settlements as per Memorial on 
file 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Comptroller draw and he is hereby 
directed to draw an Order in favour of the Petitioner on the Treasurer 
for said final Settlements, and the Treasurer is hereby directed to Settle 
with the Petitioner and deliver him Notes in the same manner as he has 
Settled with others in simular Circumstances. 

Upon the Memorial of M. F. Joret De Longchamp Native of France 
now resident in Lyme in the County of New London in said State repre- 
sentmg to this Assembly, that he dreading the Calamities which for some 
Time past and at present distress the Island of Hispaniola^^ has come 

29. The uprisings in Haiti and San Domingo, 1791-1804, were largely the result 
of reaction to the French Revolution in the colonies. In 1791 the French National 
Assembly enacted a decree confirming the right of free mulattoes in all French 
colonies to vote and hold office. So furious were white colonial planters that the decree 
was soon rescinded, but the mulattoes, with the assistance of an ever-increasing 



122 PUBLIC RECORDS Octobcr, 

into this State and now resides at Lyme in said State where he has pur- 
chased a Farm and expects to reside in this State during his Life Pray- 
ing that he may be NaturaHzed or be enabled to hold Lands in this 
State &c as per Memorial on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Memorialist have Liberty and 
Liberty is hereby Granted to him by Purchase to obtain a Title to and 
hold Lands in this State in the same manner that any Citizen of this State 
is now by Law enabled to hold Lands. 

Upon the Memorial of Joseph Poquiantup of Lyme in New London 
County an Indian, Shewing to this Assembly that he is very Old and 
Infirm, and unable to Work, and that he has about fifteen Acres of Land 
which he can receive no Benefit from Praying for Liberty to Sell said 
Land under direction of some suitable Person as per Petition on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that Liberty be and the same is hereby 
Granted to the Memorialist to Sell said Land under the direction of any 
two of the Select Men of said Lyme. 

Upon the Memorial of Judson Stiles & Nathan Stiles, Shewing to 
this Assembly, that they are Tenants in Common with a number of Indians 
whose Names are as follow viz Frank Freeman & Esther his Wife, 
Andrew Moses, John Moses, Philip Pomp, Mary Seymour, & Ely Sey- 
mour, of a certain Peice of Land situate in Derby in the County of New 
Haven, Bounded as follows, beginning at the Northeast Corner, a heap 
of Stones, thence Southward in a streight Line to a certain Rock on the 
Bank of Naugetuck River, thence Northwardly & Westwardly upon said 
River in part, and part on Highway, and Land sold sometime since by the 
Indians, to John Wooster, untill it comes to the Land of Bradford Steel 
Junr, thence running by said Land and Land belonging to Nathan Stiles 
to the River, thence Northwardly & Eastwardly by said River to Battons 
Brook, thence Eastwardly by said Brook to the first mentioned Bounds, 
containing about thirty Acres, two thirds of which Land is Owned by 
said Petitioners, And that they cannot make Partition of said Land with 
said Indians, because said Indians have no Right to make Partition thereof, 
Praying for Releif as per Petition on file ; 

Whereupon Resolved by this Assembly that Leman Stone of said Derby 
be and he is hereby appointed with full Power to agree upon and make 
Partition for and in behalf of said Indians, and the Partition so made 
shall be good and authentic to all Intents and purposes, and said Stone 
is hereby Impowered to make and execute good & effectual Partition 
Deeds as the Case shall require for and in behalf of said Indians. 

number of Negro slaves, embarked on an armed resistance that was not ended until 
the Negro leader, Toussaint TOuverture, was defeated and captured in 1804. The 
revolt was only beginning to gather momentum in 1793, but already outbreaks of 
violence had induced many planters to leave the islands. Ralph Korngold, Citisen 
Toussaint (Boston, 1944); C. L. R. James, The Black Jacobins: Toussaint 
I'Otwerture and the San Domingan Revolution (New York, 1938?) ; T. Lothrop 
.Stoddard, Tlie French Revolution in San Domingo (Boston and New York, 1914). 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 123 

Upon the Petition of Lucy Fitch, Wife of John Fitch, late of Symsbury, 
Shewing to this Assembly, that her said Husband, about twenty Years 
since absconded and went out of this State leaving her with two Children, 
in low and destitute Circumstances, and has not since returned, and that 
she has no Estate of consequence except three Acres and three Quarters 
of Land lying in said Symsbury Bounded West on a Highway, North 
and South on Theodosius Hubbards Land, and East on Land belonging 
to Ozias Loomis, which Land descended to her from her Father Lemuel 
Roberts long since Deceased Praying for Liberty to sell and dispose of 
said Peice of Land as Petition on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that the said Lucy Fitch have Liberty, 
and Liberty and Authority is hereby Granted her to Sell and dispose of 
said Land by good and sufficient Deed notwithstanding her said Coverture. 

Upon the Memorial of Isaac Hiliard of Reading in Fairfield County, 
Shewing to this Assembly that he did by virtue of a Statute Law of this 
State, entitled an Act in addition to an Act Entitled an Act to prevent the 
Slave Trade,^'^ bring an Action or Suit at Law before the County Court 
in said Fairfield in April 1790, against Austin Nichols of Newtown in 
said County for Kidnapping and carrying of out of this State contrary to 
said Act two Negro or Molattoe Giildren Inhabitants and residents of 
this State, entitled to Freedom at the Age of twenty five Years, at the same 
said Time and before the said Court brought an Action against Richard 
Nichols of said Newtown for aiding and assisting said Austin in carrying 
off said Children as aforesaid, and that he had been put to very great 
Cost and expence, in prosecuting said Austin and said Richard as afore- 
said, and had not yet recovered any Judgment against them Praying this 
Assembly to Order and Decree, when he shall obtain a Judgment against 
said Austin and said Richard as above recited the Court before whom said 
Judgment shall be obtained should give out an Execution for the Moiety 
of said Fine or forfeiture for carrying off said Children as aforesaid which 
would come to and for the Use of this State, be given to the Memorialist 
for his extraordinary Cost Trouble and expence which he has had and 
must have if he finally obtains Judgment against said Austin and said 
Richard, and that said Court take no other Bonds but for such Sum, as 
the said Court shall Order for the Use and Benefit of said Children 

Resolved by this Assembly when said Memorialist shall obtain a Judg- 
ment against said Austin & said Richard for carrying off said Children as 
aforesaid that the said Court before whom said Judgment shall be so 
obtained shall Grant out an Execution to said Hiliard the Prosecutor for 
the whole Sum or fine which shall be so recovered against said Austin & 
said Richard without taking any other Bonds of said Memorialist but for 
the Sum said Court shall Order for the benefit of said Children & that 
the Moiety of said fine or forfeiture which by said Act would come to 
and for the Use of said State be given to said 'Memorialist for the extra- 

,-,^9- '^^^ ^^^ '" addition to an act to prevent the slave trade was passed in October 
1789; Conn. State Records, VII, 71. 



124 PUBLIC RECORDS Octobcr. 

ordinary Cost Trouble and expence he has had & must have if he should 
finally obtain against said Austin & said Richard. 

Upon the Petition of Hezekiah Johnson of Wallingford in New Haven 
County Shewing that he has a Petition pending before this Assembly, and 
that his personal Attendance will be necessary to manage the same, and 
that he is in fear of being arrested for Debt and Praying for a Protection &c 

Resolved by this Assembly that the person of the said Hezekiah John- 
son be and hereby is protected from all Arrest let hindrance or molesta- 
tion for or on Account of any Civil Process while he shall be comeing to 
attending on and returning from this Assembly, and all Officers are 
directed to take Notice thereof and govern themselves accordingly. 

Upon the Petition of Henry Tomlinson of Derby in New Haven County 
against his Creditors Stating that on the 10th Day of Decembr 1791, he 
Advertized requesting his Creditors to meet him at his dwelling House 
on the 11th Day of January 1792 that they did in fact meet and appoint 
Trustees with full Power and Authority to receive from him all his real 
and personal property and that on the 6th Day of February 1792 he did 
in fact deliver over to said Trustees all his property under Oath for the 
benefit of his Creditors Praying that in Consequence of his disclosure and 
delivery as aforesaid an Act of Insolvency maght be passed by this As- 
sembly as per Petition on file &c It appearing to this Assembly that the 
facts stated in said Petition are true and none of the Creditors appearing 
to shew reasons why the Prayer of said Petition should not be granted 
therefore. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Person of the Petitioner and all 
the Property which he has acquired since the sixth Day of February 
1792, or which he shall in future acquire be and the same are hereby pro- 
tected from all Suits Arrests and Process of every kind for or on Account 
of any Debt contracted by the Petitioner previous to said 6th Day of 
February 1792. 

This Assembly do appoint Samuel Wyllys & Hezekiah Bissell Esqrs. 
with the Comptroller of Public Accounts to Audit the Accounts of the 
Treasurer of this State to the first Day of May next, and Report make to 
the General Assembly to be holden at Hartford in May next. 

Resolved by this Assembly that Samuel Wyllys and William Mosely 
Esqrs, together with the Comptroller of Public Accounts be and they 
are hereby appointed Auditors to Audit adjust and settle the Accounts of 
the Treasurer of this State up to the 30th Day of September last inclusive 
and Report make to this Assembly. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Treasurer of this State be and he 
is hereby Authorized and directed to Borrow a Sum of Money if practic- 
able, sufficient with what Money is in the Treasury to pay the debenture 



1793. OF CONNECTICUT 125 

of this Assembly at their present Sessions and that the Secretary is di- 
rected to transmit a Copy of this Resolve to the Treasurer accordingly. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Secretary be requested to direct 
the Treasurer of this State immediately to repair to New Haven for the 
purpose of discharging the debenture of the General Assembly. • 

Manoah Pratt & David Pratt both of Glastonbury in the County of 
Hartford Petitioners vs Josiah Benton & Dorothy his Wife of Glaston- 
bury aforesaid Respondents in a certain Petition lying before this As- 
sembly dated March 20th 1793 as on file ; and now the Petitioners were 
three Times publicly called but did not appear to prosecute their Petition 
aforesaid, the Respondents appeared, and on their Motion for Cost &c the 
Sum of £3.3.4 L Money is allowed them for Costs against the Petitioners 
aforesaid. 

Exn granted Novenbr 9th 1793. 

Upon the Petition of Nathan Fowler of Milford in the County of New 
Haven vs William Davidson of Milford aforesaid dated September 24th 
1793 preferred to this Assembly, The Question was put whether the 
Pleas offered in Abatement of this Petition on the part of the Respondent 
are sufficient to abate the same, 

And Resolved in the Affirmative. 

Upon the Petition of Oliver Huntington and others named in said Peti- 
tion vs Zebulon Badcock late of Sharon in the County of Litchfield now 
of Coventry in the County of Tolland Respondent dated April 29th 1793 
by Continuance from the General Assembly in May last. The Question 
was now put whether the pleas oft'ered in Aljatement of this Petition on 
the part of the Respondent are sufficient to abate the same 

And Resolved in the Afiirmative. 

Upon the Petition of Levi Starr of Reading in the County of Fairfield 
vs Thadeus Benedict and others Creditors to the Petitioner named in said 
Petition Dated August 24th 1792 on file, by Continuance from the General 
Assembly in October 1792, The Question was now put whether the prayer 
of this Petition should be Granted, 

Resolved in the Negative. 

This Assembly do Grant to His Excellency Governor Huntington One 
Hundred and fifty pounds for his Salary for the last half of the current 
Year. 

This Assembly do Grant to His Honor Lieut Governor Wolcott Fifty 
Pounds lawfull Money for his Salary the last half of the Current Year. 

This Assembly do Grant to Andrew Kingsbury Esqr Treasurer of this 
State One Hundred Pounds Lawfull Money for the first half of his 
Salary the Current Year. 



126 PUBLIC RECORDS October, 

This Assembly do Grant John Porter Esqr Comptroller of Public 
Accounts, One Hundred Pounds lawfull Money for the first half of his 
Salary the Current Year. 

This Assembly was adjourned By Proclamation untill The Governor, 
or, in his Absence The Lieutenant Governor, shall see Cause to call it to 
meet again.^^ 

Teste George Wyllys, Secretary. 



31. Assembly Journal, 31 Oct: "The Business of the Session being finished on 
Message from his Excellency the House attended in Council Chamber heard prayers 
by the Reverend Dr Stiles and after a short address from his Excellency recommend- 
ing an attention to the preservation of peace and good order in the recess of the 
Assembly, the General Assembly was adjourned in the usual form." 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 127 

STATE OF CONNECTICUT 

At a General Assembly of the State of Connecticut in America 
HoLDEN AT Hartford on the second Thursday of May, being the 
EIGHTH Day of said Month, and Continued by Adjournments 
from Day to Day untill the thirtieth Day of May aforesaid 
Anno Domini 1794} 

Present at the Opening of the Assembly. 

His Excellency Samuel Huntington Esquire Governor. 

The Honorable Oliver Wolcott Esquire Lieutenant Governor. 

William Williams Esqr 

Joseph Piatt Cook Esqr 

William Hillhouse Esqr 

John Treadwell Esqr 

James Davenport Esqr 

Roger Newberry Esqr 

Heman Swift Esqr 

John Chandler Esqr 

Jonathan Ingersol Esqr 

Thomas Grosvenor Esqr 

Thomas Seymour Esqr 

Aaron Austin Esqr 

Representatives oj the Freemen of the several Towns in this State who 
attended this Assembly are as follow vis 

Mr William Mosely, Mr Chauncey Goodrich, for Hartford 
Mr Amos Hosford, Mr Gad Stanley, for Berlin 

Mr Simeon Hart, , for Bristol 

Mr Jonathan Wells, Mr Shubael Griswold, for East Hartford 
Mr Frederick Elsworth, Mr Samuel Treat, for East Windsor 
Mr Eliphalet Terry, Mr John Reynolds, for Enfield 
Mr Noadiah Hooker, Mr William Judd, for Farmington 
Mr Howel Woodbridge, Mr Jonathan Brace, for Glastonbury 

Mr Hezh Holcomb Jr, , for Granby 

Mr Asa Barns, Mr Elizur Andruss, for Southington 
Mr Samuel Hale, Mr Gideon Granger Junr. for .Suffield 



Assistants 



1. At this session began the real fight for the repeal of the act of the previous Octo- 
ber appropriating the proceeds of the sale of western lands, although the following 
pages do not reveal the story. The House of Representatives passed a repealing bill, 
109 to 58, which the Council negatived, 11 to 3. The debate of May 16 on this bill 
is very fully covered in the newspapers (see Introduction). The two houses likewise 
disagreed on the subject of slavery. The lower house passed a bill for total abolition, 
the Council one regulating procedure in individual emancipations ; each house dis- 
agreed with the other's proposal and both measures were postponed to the next 
session. The House of Representatives also considered but did not adopt a proposal 
for the fortification of New London harbor. 



128 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

Mr Noah Phelps, Mr Daniel Humphry, for Symsbury 

Mr Roger Wells, Mr Samuel W Williams, for Weathersfield 

Mr Henry AUyn, Mr Hezh Bissell, for Windsor 

Mr David Daggett, Mr Isaac Beers, for New Haven 

Mr Edward Russell, Mr Timothy Hoadly, for Branford 

Mr Andrew Hull Junr, Mr. Elnathan Beach, for Cheshire 

Mr Daniel Holbrook, Mr Samuel Hull, for Derby 

Mr Simeon Parsons, Mr Dan Parmelee, for Durham 

Mr Samuel Davenport, , for East Haven 

Mr Andrew Ward, Mr William Brown, for Guilford 

Mr Simeon Bristol, , for Hamden 

Mr Gideon Buckingham, Mr Stephen Gunn, for Milford 

Mr Samuel Mix, , for North Haven 

Mr Jared Potter, Mr Samuel Woodruff, for Wallingford 
Mr Isaac Baldwin, Mr Joseph Hopkins, for Waterbury 
Mr Samuel Osborn, Mr Roger Peck, for Woodbridge 
Mr Marvin Wait, Mr Jeremiah G Brainerd, for New London 
Mr Elisha Hyde, Mr Roger Griswold, for Norwich 

Mr Zerubbabel Wightman, , for Bosrah 

Mr Henry Champion Junr, Mr Eliphalet Bulkley, for Colchester 

Mr Eli Hyde, , for Franklin 

Mr Simeon Avery, Mr Robert Gur [Gunn] 2d, for Groton 

Mr Samuel Lovitt, , f or Lisbon 

Mr Matthew Griswold Junr, Mr David F Sill, for Lyme 

Mr Erastus Worthington, , for Montville 

Mr John Crary, Mr Charles Fanning, for Preston 
Mr Latham Hull, Mr Charles Phelps, for Stonington 
Mr Andrew Rowland, Mr Lewis B Sturgis, for Fairfield 
Mr Elisha Whittlesey, Mr Eli Mygatt, for Danbury 

Mr Amos Wheeler, , for Brookfield 

Mr Jabez Fitch, Mr William Knapp, for Greenwich 

Mr Elisha Mills, Mr David Nicolls, for Huntington 

Mr Stephen Barns, Mr Gideon Allen, for New Fairfield 

Mr William Edmonds, Mr John Beach, for Newtown 

Mr Samuel C. Silliman, Mr Taylor Sherman, for Norwalk 

Mr Thaddeus Benedict, Mr Aaron Barlow, for Reading 

Mr Joshua King, Mr William Forrester, for Ridgfield 

Mr David Maltby, Mr Thaddeus Weed, for Stamford 

Mr Jabez H Tomlinson, Mr John Thompson, for Stratford 

Mr John Sherwood, , for Weston 

Mr Hezekiah Ripley, Mr Ebenezer Devotion, for Windham 
Mr Eseck Saunders, Mr Samuel Spring, for Ashford 

Mr James Eldridge, , for Brooklyn 

Mr Moses Cleaveland, Mr Elisha Payne, for Canterbury 

Mr Ebenezer Mosely, , for Hampton 

Mr Sampson Howe, Mr Isaac Hutchins, for Killingley 
Mr Elkanah Tisdale, Mr Peleg Thomas, for Lebanon 
Mr Constant Southworth, Mr Frederick Freeman, for Mansfield 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 129 

Mr William Pierce, Mr Jonathan Hammett, for Plainfield 
Mr Lemuel Grosvenor, Mr John Trowbridge, for Pomfrett 

Mr Israel Smith, , for Thompson 

Mr Lemuel Dorrance, Mr Joseph Wyhe, for Voluntown 
Mr John McClellan, Mr John Fox, for Woodstock 
Mr John Allen, Mr Ephraim Kirby, for Litchfield 

Mr David Bellamy, , for Bethlem 

Mr Charles Burral Jur, Mr John Watson, for Canaan 
Mr Samuel Wadsworth, Mr Isaac Swift, for Cornwall 
Mr x-\dino Hale, Mr Samuel Hopkins, for Goshen 
Mr Uriel Holmes, Mr Israel Williams, for Hartland 
Mr Josiah Phelps, Mr Daniel Catlin Junr, for Harwington 

Mr Joseph Pratt, , for Kent 

Mr Aaron Austin Chosen Assistant, Mr Seth Spencer, for New Hart- 
ford 
Mr Nicholas S Masters, Mr Noble Hine, for New Milford 
Mr Asahel Humphry, Mr Giles Pettibone, for Norfolk 
Mr Joshua Porter, Mr David Waterman, for Salisbury 
Mr Samuel Canfield, Mr David Downs, for Sharon 

Mr Benjamin Stiles Junr, , for Southbury 

Mr Seth Wetmore, Mr William Battle, for Torrington 

Mr Nathaniel Swift, , for Warren 

Mr David Judson, Mr Peter Sherman, for Washington 
Mr Thomas Fenn, Mr Joseph A Wright, for Watertown 

Mr Hewit Hills, , for Winchester 

Mr Samuel Orton, Mr Curtiss Hurd, for Woodbury 

Mr Elijah Hubbard, Mr Samuel W. Dana, for Midletown 

Mr Hezekiah Smith, Mr Edward Selden, for Haddam 

Mr Hezekiah Goodrich, Mr Timothy Rogers, for Chatham 

Mr Jonathan Ogden Mosely, Mr Eliphalet Holmes, for East Haddam 

Mr Joseph Wilcox, Mr Abraham Pierson, for Killingworth 

Mr William Hart, Mr Timothy Starkey, for Saybrook 

Mr Jeremiah West, Mr Daniel Edgerton, for Tolland 

Mr Saul Alvord, Mr Samuel Carver, for Bolton 

Mr John Hale, Mr Eleazer Pomeroy, for Coventry 

Mr Levi Wells, , for Ellington 

Mr Silvester Gilbert, Mr Joel Jones, for Hebron 
Mr Reuben Sykes, Mr Joshua Pomeroy, for Somers 
Mr John Phelps, Mr Jesse Cady, for Stafford 

Mr Samuel Crawford, , for Union 

Mr John Johnson, Mr Elisha Johnson, for Willington 

David Daggett Esquire Speaker] ^^ ^^^^ ^^^^^ . 
Hezekiah Bissell Esquu-e Clerk\ Rep^-esentatives ^ 
Samuel W. Dana Esquire Clerk] ^ 



2. Several newspapers gave accounts of the opening of the assembly session. 
"Last Thursday, the General Election of the Officers of the State, wras holden in 
this city. After the organization of the House of Representatives, His Excellency 



130 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

This Day being appointed by the Laws of the said State of Connecti- 
for the Election of the PubHc Officers of the same viz the Governor Lieu- 
tenant Governor Assistants Treasurer and Secretary ; Proclamation was 
made in manner accustomed, and the Votes of the Freemen of the State 
were given in to the Persons appointed by both Houses of the Assembly 
to receive sort and Count them and publickly to declare the Names of 
such Persons as shall be Chosen to the Offices aforementioned according 
to Law which Persons so appointed are William Williams Esqr Joseph 
Piatt Cook Esqr, William Hillhouse Esqr John Treadwell Esqr. Roger 
Newberry Esqr, Heman Swift Esqr, John Chandler Esqr, Jonathan 
Ingersol Esqr, Thomas Grosvenor Esqr, Thomas Seymour Esqr, Mr 
Hezekiah Bissell, Mr Gad Stanley Mr Shubael Griswold Mr Isaac Beers, 
Mr Simeon Bristol Mr William Brown Mr Elisha Hyde, Mr Matthew 
Griswold Mr Erastus Worthington Mr Thaddeus Benedict Mr Samuel 
C Silliman Mr Jabez H Tomlinson Mr Moses Cleaveland Mr Ebenezer 
Devotion Mr John Fox Mr Nicholas S Masters, Mr Ephraim Kirby Mr 
Joshua Porter Mr Elijah Hubbard Mr Jonathan O Mosely Mr Abraham 
Pierson Mr Joel Jones Mr Jeremiah West and Mr Eleazer Pomeroy, who 
were all present and sworn by his Excellency the Governor to a faithfull 
discharge of the Trust aforesaid ; And the Votes of the Freemen being 
brought in Sorted and Counted by the Persons aforenamed and appointed 
as aforesaid. 

His Excellency Samuel Huntington Esquire is Chosen and publicly 
declared to be Governor of this State of Connecticut for the Year ensuing. 

The Honoral:)le Oliver Wolcott Esquire is Chosen and publicly declared 
to be Lieutenant Governor of this State of Connecticut for the Year 
ensuing. 

William Williams Esqr, Joseph Piatt Cook Esqr William Hillhouse 
Esqr, John Treadwell Esqr, James Davenport Esqr, Roger Newberry 
Esqr, Heman Swift Esqr John Chandler Esqr, Jonathan Ingersol Esqr, 
Thornas Grosvenor Esqr, Thomas Seymour Esqr, & Aaron Austin Esqr, 
were Chosen and publicly declared to be Assistants for the Year ensuing. 

Andrew Kingsbury Esqr is Chosen and publicly declared to be Treasu- 
rer of this State for the Year ensuing. 

George Wyllys Esqr is Chosen and publicly declared to be Secretary 
of this State for the Year ensuing. ^^ 

Governor Huntington, attended by the Lieutenant Governor, the members of the 
Council, the House of Representatives, and the Clergy, moved m procession to the 
North Meeting House, where a sermon was delivered by the Revd. Dr. Edwards, 
of New Haven After divine service was finished, the procession returned to the 
State House This procession was escorted by the Governor's Company of Foot 
Guards commanded by Maj. Hopkins, the musicians of the respective companies, 
and a Band formed in this City. The concourse of people was very great, and the 
military procession unusually regular and beautiful." Connecticut Couranf, American 
Mercury, May 12, 1794; Connecticut Gazette, May 15. 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 131 

The Governors Oath appointed by the Law of this State was duely 
Administred to his Excellency Samuel Huntington Esquire, now Chosen 
Governor of this State of Connecticut who thereupon took his seat in the 
Assembly accordingly. 

The Lieutenant Governors Oath appointed by the Law of this State 
was duely administred to the Honorable Oliver Wolcott Esquire now 
Chosen Lieutenant Governor of this State of Connecticut who thereupon 
took his Seat in the Assembly accordingly. 

The Assistants Oath appointed by the Law of this State was duely Ad- 
ministred to William Williams Joseph P Cook William Hillhouse John 
Treadwell James Davenport Roger Newberry Heman Swift, John Chand- 
ler Jonathan Ingersol, Thomas Grosvenor Thomas Seymour & Aaron 
Austin Esquires now Chosen Assistants in and over this State of Con- 
necticut the Year ensuing who took their Seats in the Assembly accord- 
ingly. 

The Treasurers Oath appointed by the Law of this State was duely 
Administred to Andrew Kingsbury Esqr now Chosen Treasurer of the 
State aforesaid. 

The Secretarys Oath appointed by the Law of this State was duely 
Administred to George Wyllys Esqr. now Chosen Secretary of the State 
aforesaid. 

Ordered that the Honble Jonathan Ingersol, and David Daggett Esqr. 
return the Thanks of this Assembly to the Revd Doctr Edwards for his 
Sermon delivered on the xA.nniversary Election, and desire a Copy thereof 
that it may be Printed,^ 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble Andrew Adams to be Chief Judge 
of the Superior Court over this State for the Year ensuing. 



3. The Necessity of the Belief of Christianity by the Citizens of the State, in 
Order to our Political Prosperity; Illustrated in a Sermon Preached before His 
Excellency Samuel Huntington . . . Governor, and . . . The General Assembly of the 
State of Connecticut . . . Hartford . . . May 8th 1794 (Hartford, 1794). The Rev. 
Jonathan Edwards, 1745-1801, son of the great Northampton clergyman, graduated 
from the College of New Jersey (Princeton) in 1765. Licensed to preach in the 
following year, he was tutor at Princeton from 1767 to 1769. In the latter year he 
was ordained pastor of the White Haven Society in New Haven. Dismissed in 1795 
ostensibly because the parish could no longer support a pastor, actually because of 
doctrinal diflferences with some of his people, he removed to Colebrook. In 1799 he 
became president of Union College, Schenectady, and remained there until his death. 
Dictionary of American Biography; Tryon Edwards, ed., The Works of Jonathan 
Edwards, D.D. Later President of Union College ivith a Memoir of His Life and 
Character, I (x'^ndover and New York, 1842), introduction; Robert Smith, A 
Discourse on the Occasion of the Death of the Rev. Jonathan Edwards, D.D., Presi- 
dent of Union College . . . (Albany, 1801). 



132 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble Jesse Root, Jonathan Sturgiss, 
Benjamin Huntington and Asher Miller to be Judges of the Superior 
Court over this State for the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble Stephen Mix Mitchell to be 
Judge of the County Court in and for the County of Hartford the Year 
ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Samuel Bishop Esqr to be Judge of the 
County Court in and for the County of New Haven the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble William Hillhouse to be Judge 
of the County Court in and for the County of New London the Year 
ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble Joseph P. Cook to be Judge of 
the County Court in and for the County of Fairfield the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble William Williams to be Judge 
of the County Court in and for the County of Windham the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Joshua Porter Esqr to be Judge of the County 
Court in and for the County of Litchfield the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint William Hart Esqr to be Judge of the County 
Court in and for the County of Middlesex the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Samuel Gilbert Esqr to be Judge of the 
County Court in and for the County of Tolland the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Jonathan Bull Esqr to be Judge of the Court 
of Probate in and for the District of Hartford the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Samuel Bishop Esqr to be Judge of the Court 
of Probate in and for the District of New Haven the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble William Hillhouse to be Judge 
of the Court of Probate in and for the District of New London the Year 
ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Andrew Rowland Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate in and for the District of Fairfield the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do apoint the Honble William Williams to be Judge 
of the Court of Probate in and for the District of Windham the Year 
ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble Oliver Wolcott to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate in and for the District of Litchfield the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint John Dickinson Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate in and for the District of Midletown the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint John Douglas Esqr to be Judge of the Court 
of Probate in and for the District of Plainfield the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Edward Russell Esqr. to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate in and for the District of Guilford the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Daniel Sherman Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate in and for the District of Woodbury the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint John Davenport Junr Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate in and for the District of Stamford the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble Joseph P Cook to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate in and for the District oi Danbury the Year ensuing. 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 133 

This Assembly do appoint Isaac Spencer Junr Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate in and for the District of East Haddam the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Andrew Huntington Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate in and for the District of Norwich the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble Thomas Grosvenor to be Judge of 
the Court of Probate in and for the District of Pomfret the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Joshua Porter Esqr. to be Judge of the Court 
of Probate in and for the District of Sharon the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint John Phelps Esqr. to be Judge of the Court 
of Probate in and for the District of Stafford the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Noah Phelps Esqr to be Judge of the Court 
of Probate in and for the District of Symsbury the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Charles Phelps Esqr to be Judge of the Court 
of Probate in and for the District of Stonington the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble John Treadwell to be Judge of 
the Court of Probate in and for the District of Farmington the Year 
ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Oliver Stanley Esqr to be Judge of the Court 
of Probate in and for the District of Wallingford the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Hezekiah Lane Esqr to be Judge of the Court 
of Probate in and for the District of Saybrook the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Robert Walker Esqr. to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate in and for the District of Stratford the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Erastus Wolcott Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate in and for the District of East Windsor the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Joseph Hopkins Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate in and for the District of Waterbury the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Giles Pettibone Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate in and for the District of Norfolk the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Daniel Everit Esqr to be Judge of the Court 
of Probate in and for the District of New Milford the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Samuel Gilbert Esqr to be Judge of the Court 
of Probate for the District of Hebron the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint The Honble John Treadwell & the Honble 
Thomas Seymour to be Justices of the Quorum & the Honble John 
Chester to be Justice of the Peace and Quorum & the Honble Roger 
Newberry to be Justice of the Quorum for the County of Hartford the 
Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint George Wyllys John Lawrence Noah Web- 
ster Jonathan Bull Samuel Wyllys Ralph Pomeroy William Mosely John 
Trumbull Nathan H Whiting Thomas Y Seymour Chauncey Goodrich 
William Imlay, Stephen M. Mitchell, Charles Churchill Samuel W Wil- 
liams, Joseph Bulkley Henry Allyn, Oliver Elsworth Hezekiah Bissell 
Solomon Griswold, Alexander Wolcott Junr Oliver Mather Abiel Gris- 
wold, Josiah Bissell,^ Noadiah Hooker,^ Ichabod Norton William Judd 

4. See below, pp. 233-34. 

5. See below, p. 233. 



134 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

John Mix, Timothy Pitkin Junr Daniel Humphry Noah Phelps, Dudley 
Pettihone Reuben Humphry Moses Case, Gideon Granger, Thadeus 
Leavitt Amos Granger Oliver Phelps Asahel Hatheway, Eliphalet Terry, 
John Reynolds ^' Nathaniel Terry, josiah Hale Philip Selew ElezAir Hale 
Jonathan Brace. John Curtiss timothy Clark Mark Harrison William 
Wolcott Frederick Elsworth Erastus Wolcott, Roswell Grant, George 
Pitkin Jonathan Wells Elisha Pitkin Ashbel Pitkin Richard Pitkin, Timo- 
thy Cheeney Selah Hart Isaac Lee Gad Stanley, Solomon Dunham, Amos 
Hosford, Simeon Hart Zebulon Peck Junr Joseph Byington Asahel 
Holcomb Ozias Pettibone Judah Holcomb Ju Pliny Hylyer Andrew Hyl- 
yer Joseph Forward & Hezekiah Holcomb Junr Esqrs. to be Justices of 
the Peace within and for the County of Hartford for the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Joseph Hopkins Andrew Ward Gideon Buck- 
ingham & Simeon Bristol Esqrs, Justices of the Peace & Quorum in and 
for the County of New Haven the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Samuel Bishop, David Austin, Timothy 
Jones. Henry Daggett Nehemiah Smith Stephen Ball, Joseph Darling 
Joseph Bradley Ephraim Strong Lewiss Mallet. Stephen Gunn. Eliphalet 
Hotchkiss, Thomas Clark, John Humphry, Webb Tomlinson. Levi Tom- 
linson, John Welton Phineas Porter. John Lewiss Reuben Atwater 
Samuel Beach. John Peck. Oliver Stanley, Caleb Cook. Samuel Whiting 
Brintnal Hall, Eliakim Hall, Samuel Woodrufif. John McLeave, Simeon 
Parsons Dan Parmele Augustus Collins Thomas Burgis Junr, Elias 
Graves William Starr. Miles Munger Henry Hill, Jonathan Todd, Wil- 
liam Gould, Edward Russell Ebenezer Russell Jonah Clark, John Russell 
Josiah Bradley, Samuel Davenport David French Thomas Darling Bazel 
Munson, John Hubbard, Thomas Mansfield, Joseph Pierpoint Samuel 
Mix Dyer White Abraham Chittenden Junr & Ethel Bronson Esqrs, 
Justices of the Peace in and for the County of New Haven the Year 
ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint William Noyes, Charles Phelps, Benjamin 
Coit & Marvin Wait Esqrs, Justices of the Peace & Quorum within and 
for the County of New London for the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Timothy Green, Joshua Coit Griswold 
Avery, Joseph Harriss, Thomas Shaw, Jeremiah Gates Brainerd, George 
Williams Elijah Backus, Christopher Leffingwell, Samuel Tracy, Rufus 
Lathrop, Samuel Leffingwell Jonathan Huntington, John McClarren 
Breed Andrew Tracy, Benjamin Huntington Junr Elisha Hyde Andrew 
Huntington, Samuel Mott, John Tyler, Jeremiah Halsey, Elias Brown, 
Daniel Morgan Junr Oliver Crary Nathaniel Lord Nathaniel Minor. 
Jonathan Palmer Junr. William Williams of Stonington, Joshua Bab- 
cock, Elijah Palmer, Joshua Prentiss, Latham Hull, Ebenezer Ledyard, 
Thomas Northrop Niles Amos Geer. Thomas Avery Stephen Billings, 
Charles Eldridge Junr Ezra Selden, Richard Wait, Seth Ely, Andrew 

6. See below, p. 233, 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 135 

Griswold, Matthew Griswold Junr David Fithin Sill, John Watrous 
Daniel Foot, David Kilborn, Henry Champion Junr Eliphalet Bulkley, 
Ebenezer Lathrop Nehemiah Waterman Junr Benjamin Throop, Ebenezer 
Hartshorn, Eli Hyde, John Perkins Ezra Bishop, John Griswold Hill- 
house Joshua Raymond, Jonathan Starr Junr Roger Griswold Amos 
Prentis, Joel Foot John Gager & Moses Warren Junr Esqrs. Justices 
of the Peace in and for the County of New London for the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble, John Chandler to be Justice 
of the Quorum Lemuel Sanford & Philip B Bradley Esqrs. Justices of the 
Peace & Quorum & the Honble James Davenport Justice of the Quorum 
in and for the County of Fairfield for the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Robert Walker, Abijah McEwen, Daniel 
Judson, Jabez Huntington Tomlinson, Philip Nichols "^ Abijah Starling 
Abraham Brinsmade Daniel Fairchild Andrew Rowland. Joseph Noyes, 
David Allen Joseph Strong, Ebenezer Jessup, George Burr ^ Thaddeus 
Betts, Eliphalet Lockwood, Job Bartram Matthew Mead, Samuel C 
Silliman, Charles Webb, John Davenport Junr Reuben Scofield Amos 
Mead Jabez Fitch, John McKay, Benjamin Mead, John Benedict Daniel 
Cooley, Ezekiel Wilson, Thaddeus Benedict of Danbury, Thomas Taylor, 
Eli Mygatt Elisha Whittlesey William Edmond, Jabez Botsford, David 
Baldwin Thaddeus Benedict of Reading Andrew L Hill, Elisha Mills 
Daniel Bennit Deodate Silliman, Ebenezer Beach, Samuel Wakeman, 
John Sherwood, Daniel Duncan Samuel B Sherwood Nehemiah Beards- 
lee, James Potter Dan Towner Henry Peck Joseph Smith Amos Wheeler 
Walter Bradley David Maltby Lewis Burr Sturges & Augur Judson 
Esqrs. to be Justices of the Peace for the County of Fairfield for the Year 
ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Ebenezer Devotion and Constant South- 
worth Esquires to be Justices of the Peace and Quomm, the Honble 
Thomas Grosvenor Esqr to be Justice of the Quorum & James Gordon 
Esqr. to be Justice of the Peace & Quorum within and for the County of 
Windham for the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble Eliphalet Dyer and Hezekiah 
Manning Hezekiah Ripley Zephaniah Swift. Timothy Larabee, Jabez 
Clark Samuel Gray Jonathan Trumbull John Clark, James Pineo Elkanah 
Tisdale Peleg Thomas Jeremiah Mason Elisha Perkins, William Dixon 
Andrev^^ Backus, John Douglas, Joshua Dunlop Anthony Bradford Elia- 
sheb Adams, Sherebiah Butt Daniel Frost Moses Cleaveland Elisha Payne 
Luther Payne Allen Cambell, Joseph Wiley John Gaston Benjamin Dow, 
John Williams Lemuel Ingalls John Salter Experience Storrs, Jesse 
Williams Elisha Childs. Jedediah Morse Nathaniel Marcy John McLellan 
Nehemiah Childs Isaac Perkins Simeon Smith, Sampson Howe Eleazer 
Moffatt, James Danielson, Jason Phips, Thomas Dike Thaddeus Learned 
Joseph Baker, Joseph Scarborough Ebenezer Mosely, Isaac Bennit Alex- 

7. See below, p. 235. 

8. See below, p. 235. 



136 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

ander Gordon, Frederick Freeman Lemuel Dorrance Samuel Spring, 
James Eldridge & Abel Simmons Junr Esqrs to be Justices of the Peace 
within and for the County of Windham the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Daniel Tilden Esqr Justice of the Peace 
within and for the County of Windham for the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble Heman Swift and Aaron Austin 
to be Justices of' the Quorum, and Nathan Hale & David Smith Esquires 
to be Justices of the Peace and Quorum in and for the County of Litch- 
field for the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Joshua Porter, Isaac Baldwin Abraham 
Bradley, Tapping Reeve. James Morriss, Uriah Tracy. John Welch. 
Daniel Sherman Hezekiah' Thompson, Nathan Preston Curtiss Hurd, 
Benjamin Hinman, Edward Hinman Justus Johnson, Sherman Board- 
man, Daniel Everitt, Josiah Starr Nicholas Shelton Masters Jethro Hatch. 
Jedidiah Hubbel. John Eliott, David Downs, Isaac Pardee, Augustin 
Taylor Lott Norton, Samuel Lee Adonijah Strong, Charles Burrall, 
Samuel Forbes. Giles Pettibone Judah Kellogg, Edward Rogers, John 
Pierce, Asaph Hall, Adino Hale, Justus Sacket Nathaniel Swift, Daniel 
N Brinsmade, David Judson. David Whittlesey, Oliver Parmelee David 
Ambler Thomas Fenn Daniel Potter, Eli Curtiss Daniel Catlin Junr 
Mark Prindle Ebenezer Moody. Epaphras Sheldon, Shubael Griswold 
Elisha Smith, Eleazer Ensign Uriel Holmes, Joseph Wilder, Elijah 
Rockwell. Eliphaz Alvord, Benjamin Stiles Junr Asahel Humphry and 
Samuel Haydon Esqrs, to be Justices of the Peace in and for the County 
of Litchfield for the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint John Dickinson, Hezekiah Brainerd, Eben- 
ezer White & Hezekiah Lane Esqrs. to be Justices of the Peace & Quorum 
in and for the County of Middlesex for the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint William Hart, Matthew Talcott Comfort 
Sage, Isaac Miller, Elijah Hubbard, Samuel W Dana Amos Churchill 
Isaac Gridley, Chauncey Whittlesey, Stephen Titus Hosmer Nehemiah 
Brainerd Cornelius Higgins Ezra Brainerd, Benjamin Williams, Timothy 
Starkey, Jedidiah Chapman, Samuel Tully Thomas Silliman, Jonathan 
Lay, George Eliott, Job Wright, Abraham Pierson, Martin Lord William 
Morgan Joseph Wilcox 2d, Bozaleel Bristol, Jabez Chapman Timothy 
Gates Israel Spencer, John Percival, Isaac Spencer Junr, Eliphalet 
Holmes, Jonathan Ogden Mosely, Jonathan Penfield, Bryan Parmelee, 
Hezekiah Goodrich Chauncey Bulkley James Bill Samuel Hart & Joseph 
Willard Esquires to be Justices of the Peace in and for the County of 
Middlesex for the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Jeremiah Ripley, Reuben Sikes John Phelps, 
and Jeremiah West Esquires, Justices of the Peace & Quorum in and for 
the County of Tolland the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Samuel Gilbert, Samuel Whittlesey Samuel 
Carver, Ichabod Warner Oliver King Ephraim Kingsbury, Benajah 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 137 

Strong, Daniel Els worth Matthew Hyde Elijah Kellogg, Elihu Marvin 
Benjamin Buell Silvester Gilbert, Timothy Button Thomas Pitkin, Jesse 
Cady Solomon Wales, John Sessions Samuel Dunton, Elisha Johnson, 
John Hale & Levi Wells, Esqrs Justices of the Peace in and for the 
County of Tolland the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Samuel Chapman Esqr Justice of the 
Peach within and for the County of Tolland for the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Joseph Parker of Hebron, Justice of the 
Peace within and for the County of Tolland for the Year ensuing. 



An Act authorizing the Use of the Goals in this State for the Confinement of 
Prisoners under the Authority of the United States. 

Be it Enacted by the Governor Council and House of Representatives 
in General Court Assembled, that the Goals in the several Counties, may be 
used and Improved under the Authority of the United States, for the 
purpose of confining and safe keeping Prisoners, and that the Marshall 
of the District of Connecticut, or any other Officer acting under the 
Authority of the United States, shall have the same Liberty to use said 
Goals, the same Authority in the keeping of Prisoners in said Goals under 
the Authority of the United States as the keepers of said Goals under the 
Authority of this State have ; 

Be it further Enacted, that the Act intitled An Act, in addition to an 
Act intitled an Act regulating Goals & Coalers passed in October Session 
One thousand seven hundred & eighty nine be and the same is hereby 
repealed ;^ 

Provided that such repeal shall not extend to affect the Case of any 
Prisoner already Committed to any Goal by Virtue of said Act. 



An Act authorizing Amendments in Proceedings at Law and in Equity. 

Be it Enacted by the Governor Council and House of Representatives 
in General Court Assembled, that the several Courts of Law and Equity 
in this State in any Action hereafter brought may at any Time permit the 
Parties respectively to amend any defect mistake or informality in the 
Writ declaration PleacUngs or other parts of the Record in Civil Causes 
pending before them upon payment of the lawfull Costs to the other Party, 
at the discretion of the Court in which the same shall be pending. And in 
Case of any Amendment of a declaration the Court shall Grant the De- 
fendant a reasonable Time to make Answer thereto. 



An Act directing Barr Iron to be Stamped. 

Be it enacted by the Governor and Council and House of Representa- 
tives in General Court Assembled ; That all Barr Iron manufactured within 



9. See Conn. State Records, VII, 69-70. 



138 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

this State after the first Day of September next, shall before such Iron 
is sold or Ofifered for Sale, be stamped with the Name of the Manufac- 
iirer thereof, and of the Town where such Iron is manufactured And 
that whosoever shall Sell or offer for Sale, any Barr Iron manufactured 
in this State after the first Day of September next, and not stamped as 
aforesaid shall forfeit the value of such Iron so sold or offered for Sale 
as aforesaid to him or them that shall Sue for and prosecute to final 
Judgment. 



An Act in addition to an Act for appointing encouraging and supporting 
Schools.io 

Be it Enacted by the Governor Council and House of Representatives 
in General Court Assembled, that the several School Districts in this 
State divided and ascertained as is provided by Law, the Members whereof 
are qualified to Vote in Society Meetings, shall have Power and Authority 
to tax themselves for the purpose of Building and repairing a School 
House in every such District ; and such District shall have Power to 
Choose a Clerk, who shall be sworn to make true entries and give true 
Copies of all the Votes and Proceedings of said District ; and such Dis- 
trict shall also have Power to appoint a Collector of any Tax they shall 
grant on the Polls and rateable Estate of the Inhabitants of such District 
which Collector shall have the same Authority to Levy and Collect such 
Tax as Society Collectors have by Law to Levy and collect Society Taxes, 

Provided that the School Committee within the District, or some other 
Person by such Committee appointed, shall duely warn all the Inhabitants, 
living within such District, who by Law are liable to pay Rates and 
qualified as aforesaid to meet at some convenient Place within said Dis- 
trict, at least three Days inclusive before any Tax shall be laid on said 
Inhabitants ; 

And Provided, two thirds of the Members qualified as aforesaid, and 
present at such Meeting, shall concur in laying and Granting such tax 
and also agree to the Place whereon such School House, hath been or 
shall be erected, 

Provided, That this Act shall Continue and be in force for the Term of 
two Years from the first Day of June next and no longer. 



10. See Acts and Laws, 1784, pp. 215-218. This act of 1794 gave school districts 
a new degree of independence ; for the first time they were permitted, by a two-thirds 
vote, to tax themselves in order to build schools, to choose tax collectors, and to 
locate the schools. Bernard C. Steiner, The History of Education in Connecticut; 
Contributions to American Educational History, edited by Herbert B. Adams, No. 4 
(Washington, 1893), p. 35; Orwin Bradford Griffin. The Et'olution of the Connecti- 
cut State School System With Special Reference to the Emergence of the High 
School. Columbia University Teachers College Contributions to Education. No. 
293 (New York, 1928), p. 7. ' 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 139 

An Act repealing part of an Act, entitled an Act for regulating the appointment 
of the Superior Court-H 

Be it Enacted by the Governor Council and House oj Representatives 
in General Court Assembled, that so much of the second Paragraph of 
said Act as Authorizes the Judges of the Superior Court, to hold their 
Offices, during the Pleasure of the General Assembly, be and the same is 
hereby repealed. 



An Act in addition to an Act, entitled an Act for regulating Ferries.12 

Be it Enacted by the Governor Council and House of Representatives 
in General Court Assembled, That Licence and Authority be Granted 
to the Town of Saybrook in the County of Middlesex, and to the Town of 
Lyme in the County of New London, respectively, to have use and keep, 
the Ferry on Connecticut River, between said Towns commonly called 
Saybrook Ferry, and respectively to take and receive, all the emoluments, 
Profits, and Fare which may arise from the transportation of Passengers, 
and of any and every thing necessary to be transported across said Ferry, 
that is to say, that Licence, and Authority be Granted to said Town of 
Saybrook, to take and receive all the emoluments Profits and Fare which 
may arise from the transportation of Passengers, and of any and every 
Thing necessary to be transported across said Ferry from the West side 
of said River to the East side thereof, And that Licence and Authority be 
Granted to said Town of Lyme to take and receive all the Emoluments 
Profits and Fare which may arise from the like transportation from the 
East side of said River to the West side thereof, to the sole Use and 
benefit of said Towns respectively, for and during the space of Twenty 
Years from the first Day of June in the Year One Thousand seven 
Hundred and ninety four ; and after the expiration of said Twenty Years 
during the Pleasure of the General Assembly; 

And be it Enacted by the Authority aforesaid That the Fare of said; 
Ferry, shall be as follows (to wit) for transporting of a Man, Llorse and 
Load, from the first Day of October to the first Day of April in each 
Year, ten pence, and from the first Day of April to the first Day of 



11. The act for regulating the appointment of the superior court and containing 
the paragraph here repealed was passed in May 1784; see Conn. State Records, V, 
323-324. The assembly had consistently ignored the provision which gave the judges 
tenure during the pleasure of the legislature and had continued to appoint the judges 
annually. Dwight Loomis and J. Gilbert Calhoun, eds., The Judicial and Civil 
History of Connecticut (Boston, 1895), p. 133. 

12. See Acts and Laws, 1784, pp. 74-77. The first public ferry between Say- 
brook and Lyme had been established in 1662 by John Whittlesey and William 
Dudley. An assembly act of 1720 permitted the two families to operate the ferry 
alternately, and a fare was set in 1732. Saybrook had failed to comply with the 
provisions of the present act as late as May 1795; see below, p. 254. Colonial 
Records oj Connecticut, VI, 212-213; VII, 395; Charles W. Whittlesey. Crossing 
and Recrossing the Connecticut River (New Haven, 1938), p. 32; History of 
Middlesex County, Connecticut, zcith Biographical Sketches of Its Prominent Men 

(New York, 1884), pp. 457-458. 



140 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

October eight pence ; for that of a Footman, the first Term of Time four 
Pence, and the last three Pence ; for that of a lead Horse the first Term 
of Time eight Pence, and the last six Pence ; for that of an Ox, or other 
neat Kine, the first Term of Time ten Pence, and the last eight Pence; 
for that of a Sheep Hog or Goat, the first Term of Time, one penny half- 
penny, and the last One Penny; And that the Fare of every two Wheel 
Carriage with One Man and Draft Horse shall be double, and every four 
Wheel Carriage, one Man and draft Horse treble ; the fare of a Man, 
Horse and Load as Stated as aforesaid ; and that the fare of every addi- 
tional Person or Horse or other Beast, shall be the same as stated as afore- 
said, for such Single Person Horse or other Beast. 

And be it jurtJier Enacted, That said Towns, shall respectively, at all 
Times, keep in good repair, a suitable well found and convenient Boat, 
for the purpose of transporting Passengers Horses Neat Kine, Carriages, 
and every Thing Proper and necessary to be transported in said Boat 
across said River ; and shall procure provide, and keep in constant readi- 
ness, a Man or Men, as Circumstances may require, to manage said Boats 
respectively, in transporting Passengers, and whatever else may be neces- 
sary to be transported as aforesaid. 

And be it further Enacted That said Town of Saybrook shall keep in 
good and sufficient repair, the Path Way and High Way, which leads to 
said River or Ferry Place, on the West side thereof, and shall raise the 
the [sic] same, so as not to be overflowed by the Tides ; and shall build 
and keep in good repair a Wharf, and a Causeway adjoining said Wharf, 
and raise said Wharf six feet higher than low Water Mark, and raise said 
Causeway, so as to be of an equal Heighth with said Wharf, and said 
Wharf and Causeway shall be at least eighteen feet wide, and said Town 
shall Build and provide Steps or Stairs to said Wharf, so as to make it 
convenient to go on Board of any Ferry Boat from said Wharf, and to 
land from such Boat on said Wharf, at all Times of Tide, And said Town 
of Lyme shall in like manner, keep in god and sufticient repair the High- 
way leading to said River or Ferry Place, on the East side thereof, and 
shall raise the same so as not to be overflowed by the Tides ; and shall 
build and keep in repair, or shall keep in good repair a Wharf, if the 
same shall have been Built on the East side of said River, at said Ferry 
Place, which shall be of equal width, and of equal height with said Wharf 
provided to be Built, and kept in repair as aforesaid by said Town of 
Saybrook; And said Town of Lyme shall build and provide Steps or 
Stairs to the same in the same manner as the same are to be Built and 
Provided by said Town of Saybrook; 

And be it jurthcr Enacted, that all Things Provided by this Act to be 
done and performed by said Towns respectively, shall be done and per- 
formed within the Space of six Calendar Months from said first Day of 
June; and on failure thereof said Licence and Authority to said Towns 
respectively, and all other Licences Authorities or Grants to them to 
keep said Ferry shall cease and be void, so far as respects said Town, 
which shall fail to perform what is provided to be done and performed 
as aforesaid. 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 141 

An Act for continuing in force, an Act entitled an Act for instituting, defining, 
and regulating the Office of Comptroller of the Public Accounts.i^ 

Be it Enacted by the Governor, Council, and House of Representa- 
tives ill General Court Assembled, That said Act, and every Paragraph 
thereof shall shall [sic] Continue in full force, untill the rising of the 
General Assembly in May next. 

Whereas the Congress of the United States, hath proposed to the 
Legislatures of the several States, as an amendment to the Constitution 
of the United States, an Article in the Words following viz. The Judicial 
Power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any Suit 
in Law or Equity, commenced or prosecuted against One of the United 
States by Citizens of another State, or by Citizens or Subjects of any 
foreign State 

Resolved by the Governor Council and House of Representatives in 
General Court Assembled that the said Article be and the same hereby is 
approved Adopted and ratified as part of the Constitution of the United 
States." 

Resolved by the Governor Council and House of Representatives in 
General Court Assembled that Oliver Elsworth and Oliver Wolcott 
Junr Esquires be and they or either of them are hereby fully Authorized 
and impowered in behalf of this State to Loan to the United States the 
Ballance which hath been declared by the Commissioners for that pur- 
pose appointed to be due and oweing from the United States to this 
State, and which stands Credited to this State on the Books of the 
United States agreeable to the Terms and Provisions of the Act of Con- 
gres Entitled "An Act to provide more effectually for the settlement of 
the Accounts between the United States, and the Individual States,^^ 

13. See above, p. 12. 

14. This was Connecticut's ratification of the eleventh amendment. For reaction 
in the state to the Supreme Court decision in the case of Chisholm v Georgia and 
efforts to get the amendment submitted, see above, p. 95 and note. Virginia and 
Massachusetts, as well as Connecticut, had instructed their congressmen to secure 
the adoption of an amendment. Even before these states had taken action, on Feb- 
ruary 3, 1793, two days after the decision was announced, a resolution was offered 
in the United States Senate proposing the eleventh amendment. It was debated 
in both houses but not passed. In the third Congress, in January 1794, Caleb Strong 
of Massachusetts proposed a new resolution for an amendment. It was passed by 
Congress in March and submitted to the states for ratification. The states were 
slow to act. Up to March 1797 eight of them had as yet done nothing. Congress 
requested the president to communicate with these states, with the result that in 
a message to Congress of January 8, 1798, John Adams declared the amendment 
ratified by three-fourths of the states. New Jersey and Pennsylvania had refused 
to ratifv, while South Carolina and Tennessee did not act. Assembly Journal, 
May 12, 13, 14, 1794; Connecticut Gazette, May 22; WilHam D. Guthrie, The 
Eleventh Article of Amendment to the Constitution of the United States (New 
York, 1908), pp. 3-5. 

15. The Laws of the United States of America. In Three Volumes, vol. I, Pub- 
lished by Authority (Philadelphia, 1796), p. 29. 



142 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

And in Case any other or different Act relative to the funding of the 
said Ballance, shall be made and passed by the Congress of the United 
States at the present Session thereof the said Oliver Elsworth and Oliver 
Wolcott Junr Esqrs, or either of them are hereby Impowered and Au- 
thorized in Loaning of the said Ballance as aforesaid to conform to the 
Terms & Provisions of any such Act which may be so made and passed. 

This Assembly do appoint. John Porter Esqr to be Comptroller of the 
Publick Accounts for the Year ensuing. 

Resolved bv th's Assembly that the next Superior Court within and 
for the County of Middlesex shall be holden at Middletown on the last 
Tuesday save two in July instead of the last Tuesday in said July, And 
all Causes before said" Court shall be entered and proceeded with accord- 
inglv. 



^b>^.' 



Resolved by this Assembly that the Captain General be authorized 
and impowered, and he is hereby Authorized and Impowered to detach 
from the Militia of this State Five Thousand eight Hundred and eighty 
one Men Officers included, and Organize the same as soon as may be 
in conformity to and in pursuance of an Act of the Congress of the 
United States, entitled An Act directing a detachment from the Militia 
of the United States, ^*^ that the Commanding Officer of each Regiment 
detached and Organized as aforesaid shall be the reviewing Officer who 
shall Inspect & review the Regiment & note the deficiency of each non 
Commissioned Officer and Private either in Arms Amunition or ac- 
coutrements and give a Certificate under his Hand particularizing the 
same, and shall transmit and Lodge such Certificate with the Select Men 
of the Town to which such non Commissioned Officer and Soldiers re- 
spectively belong, and thereupon it shall be the Duty of the Select Men 
to give a Certificate agreeably to Law to the Officers of the Company to 
which such deficient Officers or Soldiers belong of their Opinion, as to 
the ability or inability of each of such deficient Officer or Soldier, to 
furnish himself therewith ; and it shall be the Duty of the Officer of the 
Company to which any such deficient Non Commissioned Officer or 

16. The Assembly Journal for May 29 reads : "A letter from the Secretary of 
War, dated at Philadelphia May 19, 1794, to the Govr of Connecticut, relative to 
detaching a body of militia, being communicated from the Govr was read by the 
Clerk, with an Act of Congress accompanying the same : And thereupon concurred 
on bill, received from the Govr & Council, for appointing a Joint Committee to take 
into consideration & report upon the subject of the above Communications . . ." 
On the following day the lower house passed the bill. The American Mercury. 
when it reported the closing of the legislative session, commented on this act : 
"Among the variety of business brought upon our state carpet, nothing seemed to 
demand a more deliberate consideration, than the late Act of Congress, directing 
a detachment of militia from the several states. Unluckily the act was laid upon 
the table, at an hour when the members were desirous of returning home to their 
families." Acts Passed at the Third Congress of the United States of America . . . 
Published by Authority (Philadelphia, 1794) I, 60-61. 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 143 

Soldier belongs, forthwith to cause him or them to be Armed and 
Accoutered agreeable to the Provisions of the Act entitled an Act for 
forming and conducting the MiHtary force of this State conformable 
to the Act of Congress passed the eighth Day of May A Domm 1792. 

Whereas this Assembly passed a Resolve at their Sessions in May 
1793, directing the Comptroller of Public Accounts, under certain Rules 
and Restrictions, to Issue Notes for the Ballances due to the Officers 
and Soldiers of the late Army of the United States, and therein Pro- 
vided that no Person should take Benifit of said Resolve that did not 
make application within twelve Months from the rising of said Assem- 
bly ^^ 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Comptroller of Public Accounts, 
shall Issue Notes for the Ballances due to the Officers and Soldiers of 
the late Army of the United States under the same Rules and restrictions 
as is provided by said Resolve, provided that Application be made within 
twelve Months from the rising of this Assembly. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Honble James Wadsworth Esqr 
be and he is hereby Authorized and Impowered to settle the Accounts 
of this State with the State of New York, and to receive the Ballance 
which may be due to this State on such Settlement. 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble John Treadwell and Roger 
Newberry Esqrs. and Pliny Hyllier Esqr to be Overseers, of the Prison 
of New Gate for the Year ensuing. 

Resolved by this Assembly That a Tax of Two Pence on the Pound 
be Levied on the List of the Polls and rateable Estate for the Year 
1793 as returned to this Assembly, Payable the first Day of November 
next for the support of Civil Government, and that the Treasurer Issue 
his Warrants accordingly. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That so much of the Lands, the Property 
of this State within the Town of Groton, upon which Fortifications with 
the necessar}' Buildings may be erected, or intended to be erected, by 
Order of the United States for the Defense of the Port or Harbour of 
New London in this State, according to the Provisions of an Act of 
Congress, Entitled an Act to provide for the Defense of certain Ports 
and Harbours in the United States, be and the same is hereby Ceded to 
the said United States for the purposes aforesaid, And His Excellency 
the Governor is hereby Authorized to make and execute a proper Deed 
of Cession thereof in behalf this State accordingly.^^ 



17. See above, pp. 15-16. 

18. Assembly Journal, May 29, 1794; The Laws of the United States of Ameri- 
ca .. ., Ill, 18-19. 



144 



PUBLIC RECORDS May, 



This Assembly do appoint The Honble Thomas Seymour, and Chaun- 
cey Goodrich and Gideon Granger Junr Esqrs, a Committee to make 
inquiry and Report, what effect the Dam lately erected across Connecti- 
cut River at South Hadly will prc^bably have upon the Fishery m said 
River, and to Report the same with their Opinion thereon to this As- 
sembly in October next.^^ 

Whereas it has been represented to this Assembly by the Overseers 
of New Gate Prison, that violent and Continued efforts have been made 
for some Time Past by the Prisoners in said Prison to make their escape, 
that two of them had worked their way under the foundation of the 
House and escaped in the Night Season, that repairs were frequently 
necessary to secure the Prison, but no express Authority was bv Law 
given to the Overseers to make them ; That from the increase of Prison- 
ers and other Circumstances it might be necessarv to augment the 
Guard, and that in the late disturbances, it had been found necessar}^ to 
add One Private to the Guard beyond the Numbers Limited by this 
Assembly, therefore 

Resolved that the Overseers of New Gate for the Time being be and 
thev are herebv Authorized and Impowered to make such Repairs in the 
Buildings Works & appendages belonging to said Prison, as frorn Time 
to Time thev shall find needfull to secure and to employ the Prisoners, 
and also to support such numbers of Lamps in the Prison Yard, as may 
enable the Gentries to discover in Time and to defeat any Attempts to 
escape, also as often as they shall find Occasion for the effectual security 
of the said Prison, to augment the number of Privates in the Guard ac- 
cording to their best discretion, and to draw for the necessary Sums of 
Money as in other Cases they are enabled to do for the expence incurred 
in any of the Wavs aforesaid, and also for the Payment of the Private 
added to the Guard as aforesaid for his past Services: And to make 



19. For renewal of this committee, see below, p. 204. The Massachusetts legis- 
lature in February 1792 issued a charter to the Proprietors of the Locks and Canals 
on the Connecticut River, who were to make the river passable for boats. The 
proprietors wished to put locks on the two great falls within that state. Turner's 
Falls and those at South Hadley. The organization included prominent men in 
several of the lower valley towns, and these men brought in Dutch capital for their 
enterprise. The proprietors marked out and surveyed both canals in the summer 
of 1792. The South Hadley work was completed first. The supervising engineer. 
Benjamin Prescott of Northampton, began this canal near the South Hadley end 
of the present dam, and extended it two and one-half miles along the river, causing 
it to enter the river again at a new dam built obliquely outward. The first boat 
passed through this canal in 1795 ; a year after it was opened it had received tolls 
aggregating $3,109.45. Later, because the dam caused river water to flood North- 
ampton meadows, where stagnant water infected the people with epidemic fevers, a 
large part of the construction had to be torn down. Edwin M. Bacon, The Con- 
necticut River and the Vallev of the Connecticvt . . . (New York and London, 
1906), pp. 311-314; Collins G. Burnham. "Early Traffic on the Connecticut River.' 
The New England Magazine, New Series, XXIII, 143-145. 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 145 

Report to the General Assembly in May annually of the State and Cir- 
cumstances of the Prison with their Proceedings by Virtue of this Act.^" 

Whereas in Consequence of Our Present doubtfuU situation as rela- 
tive to the British Nation the Communication to the Western Territory 
belonging to this State by the Waters of the Lakes Ontario and Erie at 
this Time commanded by that Nation is much interrupted and rendered 
more difficult than before, and it is become proportionablv difficult for 
such as do or may Contemplate the Purchase of said Territory to nego- 
tiate an extinguishment of the Indian Title, to explore and survey the 
Territory, or to sell the Lands to Settlers on advantageous Terms es- 
pecially in the present Hostile situation of the Indian Tribes, and of 
Course is an unfavourable Time for this State to alienate those Lands, and 
their being no negotiations for the Purchase of those Lands, brought to 
such Maturity as to render it necessary on Principals of Justice or 
Honour on the Part of this State soon to Sell them ; therefore 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Committee appointed by the 
General Assembly in May last to negotiate the Sale of those Lands, 
be and they are hereby directed not to form and Compleat any Contract 
for that purpose with any Person or Persons whatever, untill the rising 
of the General Assembly in October next.^^ 



20. This was part of the process begun by an act of 1773 of making Newgate 
the Connecticut prison (see Colonial Records of Connecticut, XIV, 205-208: Conn. 
State Records, VII, 118-121 and note). The report of the overseers asking for 
the present resolve showed that there were twenty-three prisoners in Newgate in 
1794, and that during the past year there had been several desperate efforts at 
escape on the part of these prisoners. Connecticut State Archives, Crimes and 
Misdemeanors, Second Series, I, 33. 

21. For the appointment of the committee, see above, p. 16. Opposition to the 
sale of Connecticut's western territory was twofold. In part it was based on a 
dislike of the appropriation act of October 1793 (See above, p. 100). One good 
way of insuring that the avails of the sale of western lands should not go to the 
support of the clergy was to prevent the sale. In the second place, many citizens 
opposed an immediate sale for economic and political reasons. The western terri- 
tory, they agreed, could only increase in value as time went on : an early relinquish- 
ment would mean a far smaller monetary return than would be likely in a few years. 
Furthermore, Connecticut might some day find the territory of great value if the 
United States should become involved in the European war and have to call on the 
states for aid. An even more powerful argument against selling in 1794 was the 
political situation of the West in general. England had never evacuated the western 
posts renounced in the treaty of 1783, and Lord Grenville at the close of the year 
1793 informed the American minister in London that the British government in- 
tended to hold the posts indefintely. To make relations between the two nations 
even more strained, British Orders in Council of June and November 1793 made it 
clear that England would do its best to prevent the United States from continuing 
its neutral carrying trade with France and French possessions. The British gover- 
nor of Canada secretly incited the Indians of the Northwest against the Americans. 
In October 1793, in the face of widespread Indian mobilization. General Anthony 
Wayne marched 2,000 men into winter quarters at Greenville, in the heart of the 
Indian territory. In the spring of 1794 his forces were increased. With the Battle 
of Fallen Timber and Jay's Treaty still in the future, the Connecticut legislature 
in May 1794 saw little hope that a peaceful settlement of any sort could be made 
in the Reserve. Thus, for several different reasons, the committee on the sale of 
western lands was instructed to suspend all negotiations until the meeting of the 



146 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

Resolved by this Assembly That Timothy Jones Esqr Henry Dagget 
Esqr., Elias Beers William Lyon & Nathan Beers all of New Haven in 
the County of New Haven the present Managers of a certain Lottery 
Granted by the General Assembly on the second Thursday of October 
1791 for the purpose of giving encouragement to certain Manufactures 
therein specified, be Authorized and Impowered and they the said 
Managers are hereby Authorized and impowered by and with the consent 
and advice of the Honble Jonathan IngersoU Esqr., and according to 
their best Judgment and discretion to sell and dispose of said Lottery 
taking sufficient Bonds to exonerate this State from any Cost liability 
or expence on Account thereof, 

Provided said Managers give no Authority for any Proceedings under 
the Grant of said Lottery further than to carry into full efifect the Scheme 
of a Lottei-y by them already Issued.^^ 

Resolved by this Assembly that Liberty be Granted and Liberty and 
Authority are hereby Granted, during the Pleasure of this Assembly 
to the Inhabitants of the North Highway District in the Town of Hart- 
ford, to appoint annually, two or more Surveyors of Highways, to lay 
out upon the Roads within the Limits of said District, such Monies, 
as shall from Time to Time, be Granted for that Purpose ; And also to 
appoint Annually three Freeholders in said District to superintend 
and direct said Surveyors in laying out said Monies; And the Inhabi- 
tants of said North Highway District, shall be Warned by said Com- 
mittee, to meet some Time in the Month of March Annually to appoint 
said Surveyors, and do such other Business, as shall regularly come 
before them, 

Provided nevertheless, that if said District shall at any Time refuse or 
neglect to appoint said SurA^eyors, or to Grant sufficient Taxes to keep in 
repair their Highways it shall be the Duty of the Civil Authority, and 
Select Men of said Town of Hartford to appoint two or more Surveyors, 
who shall be sworn to the faithfuU performance of their Office, and shall 
have the same Powers and Authorities as by Law are given to Surveyors 
of Highways. 

Resolved by this Assembly That the Towns of Windsor, and Suffield, 
be and they are hereby Authorized, to make such By Laws, as they shall 
think needfull for the restraining of Horses, Asses, Mules, Neat Cattle, 

October assembly. The suspension was continued in October until the following 
May. Assembly Journal, May 28, 1794; American Mercury, January 20; Connecti- 
cut' Ga::etfc, January 9, March 13, 27; Connecticut Courant, January 6; Con- 
necticut Journal, January 23, February 27, March 13, 27 ; Andrew C. McLaughlin, 
"The Western Posts and the British Debts," Annual Report of the American 
Historical Association, 1894, pp. 413-444. 

22. This was the lottery granted to William Mcintosh in October 1791 ; Conn. 
State Records, VII, 330-332. For previous action taken on Mcintosh's petitions 
and later developments in his factory, see above, pp. 17-18, and below, pp. 254, 293, 
492, 495, 50O. The present petition is in Connecticut State Archives, Industry, Series 
2, II, 106-107. Notice of the lottery is in the Connecticut Courant, July 7, 1794. 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 147 

Sheep, and Hogs, in such parts of said Towns, as they shall find to be 
necessary, and to remain in force, for the Term of One Year from the 
rising of this Assembly. 

Resolved by this Assembly, that Liberty be Granted and Liberty and 
Authority is hereby Granted to the Inhabitants of the Town of Stoning- 
ton, to repair their Highways, by a Tax upon the Polls and rateable Es- 
tate of the Inhabitants in said Town during the Pleasure of this Assembly. 

Resolved by this Assembly, that the Town of Woodbury have Liberty 
and Authority, and Liberty and Authority is hereby Granted them to 
repair their Highways by a Tax upon their Polls & Rateable Estate, 
during the Pleasure of this Assembly. 

Resolved by this Assembly, that Liberty be Granted and Liberty and 
Authority is hereby Granted to the Town of Winchester to lay a Tax on 
the Polls and Rateable Estate of the Inhabitants of said Town for the 
purpose of mending and repairing their Highways, during the Pleasure 
of this Assembly. 

Resolved by this Assembly that Liberty be Granted and Liberty and 
Authority is hereby Granted to the Town of Colchester, to lay a Tax 
on the Polls and Rateable Estate of the Inhabitants of said Town for 
the Purpose of mending and repairing their Highways during the Pleasure 
of this Assembly. 

Resolved by this Assembly that Liberty be Granted and Liberty and 
Authority is hereby Granted to the Inhabitants of the Town of Woodstock 
to repair their Highways by a Tax upon the Polls and rateable Estate 
of the Inhabitants in said Town during the Pleasure of this Assembly. 

Resolved by this Assembly that Liberty be and Liberty and Authority 
is hereby Granted to the Inhabitants of the Town of Stamford to repair 
their Public Highways by a Tax or Taxes, on the Polls and rateable 
Estate of said Inhabitants during the Pleasure of the General Assembly. 

Resolved by this Assembly that His Excellency the Governor, be re- 
quested to transmit to the Executive of the United States, an Authenticated 
Copy of the Act passed by this Assembly, relative to Prisoners Committed 
to Prisons in this State, under the Authority of the United States.-^ 

Resolved by this Assembly, that the Secretary Publish the Act passed 
the Present Session ; Intitled "An Act authorizing Amendments in Pro- 
ceedings in Law and Equity in one of the News Papers printed in Hart- 
fard. And also the Resolve Authorizing His Excellency the Governor to 

23. See above, p. 137. 



148 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

cause the detachment of the MiHtia to be made in this State agreeably to 
the Act of Congress.24 

This Assembly do appoint Timothy Skinner Esqr to be Brigadier 
General of the sixth Brigade of Militia in this State in the place of General 
John Sedgwick resigned. 

This Assembly do appoint Thaddeus Brooks Esqr Major in the third 
Regiment of Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Hezekiah Hopkins Esqr to be Major in the 
17th Regiment of Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Robert Hannah Esqr Major Comdt. of the 
eighth Regiment of Light Dragoons, annexed to the 8th Brigade of Con- 
necticut Militia. 

This Assembly do appoint David Boardman Esqr Major in the eighth 
Regiment of Militia of this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Joshua King Esqr Lieut Colonel Comdt of 
the 34th Regiment of Militia in this State in the room of Lieut Colo Ozias 
Marvin resigned. 

This Assembly do appoint Roswell Grant Esqr to be Lieut Colonel 
Comdt of the 19th Regiment of Militia in this State in the room of Lieut 
Colonel King resigned. 

This Assembly do appoint William Lyon Esqr Lieut Colonel Comdt 
of the second Regiment of Militia in this State in the room of Colo Jonas 
Prentice resigned. 

This Assembly do appoint Samuel Bellamy Esqr. Major of the second 
Regiment of Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Uriah Tracy Esqr to be Lieut Colonel Comdt 
of the 17th Regiment of Militia in this State in the place of Timothy 
Skinner Esqr promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Elihu Lewiss Esqr to be Major Comdt 
of the sixth Regiment of Cavalry annexed to the sixth Brigade of Militia 
in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Joseph Walker Esqr to be Major of the 
4th Regiment of Horse annexed to the 4th Brigade in the room of Major 
David Wood resigned. 

24. See above, pp. 137, 142. The act and resolve were published in the Con- 
necticut Courant and American Mercury, June 9, 1794; Connecticut Journal, 
June 18; Connecticut Gazette, June 19. 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 149 

This Assembly do appoint Josiah Lacy Esqr to be Major of the 28th 
Regiment of Militia in this State in the room of Major Isaac Mills resigned. 

This Assembly do appoint Ebenezer Avery Esqr. to be Major in the 
eighth Regiment of Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Benjamin Gold Esqr. Major of the v35th 
Regiment of Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Ashbel Stanley Esqr. to be Major in the 
19th Regiment of Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint David Olmstead 2d Esqr. Major of the 
34th Regiment of Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Roger Bulkley Esqr. Major Commdt of 
the seventh Regiment of Cavalry in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Ezekiel Porter Belden Esqr Lieut Colonel 
Comdt of the 6th Regiment of Militia in this State in the room of Lieut 
Colonel Wells resigned. 

This Assembly do appoint Justus Francis Esqr to be Major of the 
sixth Regiment of Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Joseph Smith Esqr. to be Major Commandt 
of the 3d Regiment of Light Dragoons annexed to the 3d Brigade of 
Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Spencer to be Lieutenant of the 
9th Company of Militia in the first Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Timothy Burr Junr to be Ensign of the 
9th Company of Militia in the first Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Benham Junr to be Lieutenant 
of the 7th Company of Militia in the 2d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Gold Smith to be Ensign of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 2d Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Benjamin Tracy to be Lieutenant of the 
second Company in the 20th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Gurdon Gifford to be Ensign of the second 
Company in the 20th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Mulford Raymond to be Captain of the 
third Company of Militia in the third Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Allen to be Lieutenat of the 
third Company of Militia in the third Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Joshua IVIainerd to be Ensign of the 
third Company of Militia in the third Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Gershom Burr to be Captain of the 
second Company of Militia in the 4th Regiment in said State. 



150 PUBLIC RECORDS ^^Y' 

This Assembly do establish Barnabas Lathrop Sturges to be Lieuten- 
ant of the second Company of Militia in the 4th Regiment in said Sta e. 

This Assembly do establish Aaron Burr Sturges to be Ensign ot the 
second Company of Militia in the 4th Regiment m said State 

This Assembly do establish Allen Bradley to be Ensign of the seventh 
Company of Militia in the 4th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish William Rudd to be Captain of the third 
Company of Militia in the 5th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Jonathan Kingsley to be Lieutenant of 
the third Company of Militia in the 5th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Vaniah Palmer to be Ensign of the third 
Company of Militia in the 5th Regiment in said State. . , , 

This Assembly do establish Roswell Burnham to be Captain ot the 
4th Company of Militia in the 5th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Asaph Smith Junr to be Lieutenant of 
the 4th Company of Militia in the 5th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathan Burnham to be Captain of the 
seventh Company of Militia in the 5th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Benjamin Oens to be Lieutenant ot the 
7th Company of Militia in the 5th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Smith Kendall to be Ensign of the /th 
Company of Militia in the 5th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish John Case to be Leiutenant of the third 
Company of Militia in the 6th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Elisha Wells to be Ensign of the third 
Company of Militia in the 6th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish George Morgan to be Captain of the third 
Company of Militia in the 7th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Elias Crane to be Lieutenant of the third 
Company of Militia in the 7th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Redfield 3d to be Ensign of the 
third Company of Militia in the 7th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish John Pratt 2d, to be Captain of the fourth 
Company of Mihtia in the seventh Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Jabez Denison to be Lieutenant of the 
4th Company of Militia in the seventh Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Abraham Waterhouse Junr to be Captain 
of the 8th Company of Militia in the seventh Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Avery 2d, Captain of the 6th 
Company of Militia in the 8th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish William Latham Junr to be Lieutenant 
of the 6th Company of Militia in the 8th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Ebenezer A Parker to be Ensign of the 
6th Company of Militia in the 8th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish David Maltby to be Captain of the first 
Company of Light Infantry in the 9th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish David Waterbury to be Lieutenant of 
the first Company of Light infantry in the 9th Regiment in this State. 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 151 

This Assembly do establish John Davenport 3d to be Ensign of the 
first Company of Light Infantry in the 9th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Grif^n to be Captain of the second 
Company of Light Infantry in the 9th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Webb to be Lieutenant of the second 
Company of Light Infantry in the 9th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Mackay Junr to be Ensign of the 
second Company of Light Infantry in the 9th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jotham Wilcox to be Ensign of the third 
Company of Militia in the 9th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Wood Palmer to be Captain of the 
4th Company of Militia in the 9th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jonathan Jessup Junr to be Lieutenant 
of the 4th Company of Militia in the 9th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Timothy Reynolds to be Ensign of the 
4th Company of Militia in the 9th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish David Heusted to be Ensign of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 9th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Mills to be Captain of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 9th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Dean to be Lieutenant of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 9th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish James Stevens to be Ensign of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 9th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Maneah Camp to be Captain of the second 
Company of Militia in the 10th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Southmaid to be Lieutenant of 
the second Company of Militia in the 10th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Israel Camp to be Ensign of the second 
Company of Militia in the 10th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Timothy Childs to be Ensign of the 
Company of Grenadiers in the Uth Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Aholiab Johnson to be Lieutenant of a 
Company of Artillery in the 11th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Bushnell Hibbard to be Lieutenant Fire- 
worker of a Company of Artillery in the 11th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish William Russell to be Captain of a Com- 
pany of Light Infantry in the 11th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Noadiah Russell to be Lieutenant of a 
Company of Light Infantry in the Uth Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Prentice Barrows to be Ensign of a 
Company of Light Infantry in the Uth Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathan Smith to be Captain of the [sic] 
of the 6th Company of Militia in the 12th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Elisha Buel to be Lieutenant of the 
6th Company of Militia in the 12th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Carrier 2d to be Ensign of the 
6th Company of Militia in the 12th Regiment in said State. 



152 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

This Assembly do establish John Wilks Parker to be Ensign of the 
9th Company of Militia in the 12th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Abraham Wilcox to be Captain of the 
10th Company of Militia in the 12th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jonathan Cole to be Lieutenant of the 
10th Company of Militia in the 12th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Roger McCall to be Ensign of the 10th 
Company of Militia in the 12th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Asa Osborn to be Ensign of the second 
Company of Militia in the 13th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Nehemiah Lambert to be Captain of the 
7th Company of Militia in the 13th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Thompson Junr to be Lieutenant 
of the 7th Company of Militia in the 13th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Jackson to be Ensign of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 13th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Salmon Hunt to be Ensign of the first 
Company of Light Infantry in the 14th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish John Adam to be Captain of the first 
Company of Militia in the 14th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish James Walling to be Lieutenant of the 
first Company of Militia in the 14th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Elisha Hinsdale to be Ensign of the 
first Company of Militia in the 14th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Sweet to be Captain of the 5th 
Company of Militia in the 14th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Pettibone to be Lieutenant of the 
5th Company of Militia in the 14th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Benjamin Goodrich to be Captain of the 
7th Company of Militia in the 14th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish David Hunt to be Lieutenant of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 14th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Joel Howe to be Ensign of the 7th Com- 
pany of Militia in the 14th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Darius Phelps to be Captain of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 14th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Solomon Curtiss to be Lieutenant of the 
8th Company of Militia in the 14th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elijah Lawrence to be Ensign of the 
8th Company of Militia in the 14th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Moss Kent Botsford, to be Captain of the 
5th Company of Militia in the 16th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Ezra Sherman to be Lieutenant of the 
5th Company of Militia in the 16th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Abijah B Curtiss to be Ensign of the 
5th Company of Militia in the 16th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Ezra Northrop to be Captain of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the l6th Regiment in said State. 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 153 

This Assembly do establish Comfort Ruggles to be Lieutenant of 
the 8th Company of Militia in the 16th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Asa Northrop to be Ensign of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 16th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Silas Burton Judson to be Lieutenant of 
the 9th Company of Militia in the 16th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Lamson Birck to be Ensign of the 9th 
Company of Militia in the 16th Regiment in said State. 

This xA.ssembly do establish Joel Catlin Junr to be Captain of the 4th 
Company of Militia in the 17th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Bull to be Lieutenant of the 4th 
Company of Militia in the 17th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Frederick Phelps to be Ensign of the 
4th Company of Militia in the 17th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Seth Wetmore to be Captain of the 5th 
Company of Militia in the 17th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Taylor to be Lieutenant of the 
5th Company of Militia in the 17th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Harvey Whiting to be Ensign of the 5th 
Company of Militia in the 17th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Woodruff to be Captain of the 
second Company of Militia in the 17th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Norman Buell to be Lieutenant of the 
second Company of Militia in the 17th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Salmon Buell Junr to be Ensign of the 
second Company of Militia in the 17th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathaniel Austin to be Ensign of the 
ninth Company of Militia in the 17th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Solomon Simmons to be Lieutenant of the 
11th Company of Militia in the 17th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Flezekiah Smith to be Ensign of the 11th 
Company of Militia in the 17th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish David Hays to be Captain of the 6th 
Company of Militia in the 18th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Benjamin Hays to be Lieutenant of the 
6th Company of Militia in the 18th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Asa Higby to be Ensign of the 6th Com- 
pany of Militia in the 18th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Oliver Gillett to be Ensign of the 10th 
Company of Militia in the 18th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Asahel Stiles to be Captain of the second 
Company of Militia in the 19th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Henry White to be Ensign of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 19th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish James Pease to be Lieutenant of the 
second Company of Militia in the 19th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish James Chamberlain Junr to be Ensign of 
the second Company of Militia in the 19th Regiment in said State. 



154 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

This Assembly do establish Jared Cone Junr to be Lieutenant of 
the third Company of Militia in the 19th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathaniel Hubbard to be Ensign of the 
third Company of Militia in the 19th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Jonathan Stoughton to be Captain of the 
8th Company of Militia in the 19th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Oliver Grant to be Lieutenant of the 
8th Company of Militia in the 19th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish George Denniss Junr to be Captain of the 
second Company of Militia in the 20th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Hezekiah Kingsley to be Lieutenant of 
the 9th Company of Militia in the 20th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Asael Bottom to be Ensign of the 9th 
Company of Militia in the 20th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Shubael Brown to be second Lieutenant 
of a Matross Company in the 21st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jabez Winchester to be Lieutenant fire 
Worker of a Matross Company in the 21st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Douglas Junr to be Captain of the 
first Company of Militia in the 21st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Moses Branch Junr to be Lieutenant of 
the first Company of Militia in the 21st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Levi Robinson to be Ensign of the first 
Company of Militia in the 21st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joel Day to be Lieutenant of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 21st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Roswell Fairman to be Ensign of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 21st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Ripley to be Captain of the first 
Company of Militia in the 22d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Henshaw to be Ensign of the first 
Company of Light Infantry in the 23d Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Wetmore 2d to be Lieutent of the 
4th Company of Militia in the 25th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Benjamin Benedict Junr to be Ensign 
of the 4th Company of Militia in the 25th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Wait to be Ensign of the 8th Com- 
pany of Militia in the 25th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Andrew Curtiss to be Captain of the 
first Company of Light Infantry in the 28th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Henry Curtiss to be Lieutenant of the 
first Company of Light Infantry in the 28th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Wells Judson to be Ensign of the first 
Company of Light Infantry in the 28th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Andrew Leavenworth to be Captain of 
the seventh Company of Militia in the 28th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Jabez Beardsley to be Lieutenant of the 
seventh Company of Militia in the 28th Regiment in said State. 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 155 

This Assembly do establish Amos Osborn to be Ensign of the 7th 
Company of Mihtia in the 28th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do estabHsh Eli Todd to be Captain of the 1st Com- 
pany of Militia in the 29th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Benjamin R Bostwick to be Lientent of 
the 1st Company of Militia in the 29th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Beebe Hine to be Ensign of the first 
Company of Militia in the 29th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Reuben Warner Junr to be Captain of 
the 4th Company of Militia in the 29th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Elisha Downs to be Lieutenant of the 
4th Company of Militia in the 29th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do estabHsh Elizur Warren Junr to be Ensign of 
the 4th Company of Militia in the 29th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Peat to be Captain of the 6th 
Company of Militia in the 29th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Stiles Goodsell to be Lieutenant of the 
6th Company of Militia in the 29th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Amos Hubbel to be Lieutenant of the 
10th Company of Militia in the 29th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Abner Meacham to be Captain of the 
5th Company of Militia in the 31st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Asaph Terry to be Lieutenant of the 
5th Company of Militia in the 31st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Asa Meacham to be Ensign of the 5th 
Company of Militia in the 31st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Abel Thompson to be Captain of the 
second Company of Militia in the 32d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Abijah Smith to be Lieutenant of the 
second Company of Militia in the 32d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Gideon Blackman to be Ensign of the 
second Company of Militia in the 32d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Vincent Ford to be Ensign of the 4th 
Company of Militia in the 32d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Thomas Junr to be Ensign of the 
6th Company of Militia in the 32d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish George Mitchell to be Lieutenant 6th 
Company of Militia in the 33d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Shadrack Gillet to be Ensign of the 
6th Company of Militia in the 33d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elisha Smith 2d to be Ensign of the 
8th Company of Militia in the 33d Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Belden 2d to be Ensign of the 
first Company of Grenadiers in the 34th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Isaac Keeler to be Ensign of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 34th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Jesse Stanley to be Lieutenant of the 
second Company of Militia in the 35th Regiment in this State. 



156 PUBLIC RECORDS 



Mav, 



This Assembly do establish Cyprian Collins Junr to be Ensign of the 
second Company of Militia in the 35th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Timothy Buell to be Captain of the 4th 
Company of Militia in the 35th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Abraham Humphry to be Lieutenant of 
the 4th Company of Militia in the 35th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Levi Humphry to be Ensign of the 4th 
Company of Militia in the 35th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Edmond Bennet to be Captain of the 6th 
Company of Militia in the 35th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Fuller to be Lieutenant of the 6th 
Company of Militia in the 35th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Michael Hill to be Ensign of the 6th 
Company of Militia in the 35th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Cyrus Brinsmadeto be Captain of the 
6th Company of Militia in the 4th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish William Gregory to be Lieutenant of 
the 9th Company of Militia in the 4th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Isaac Bennet to be Ensign of the 9th 
Company of Militia in the 4th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish James Mason to be Captain of a Company 
of Grenadiers in the 12th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Eliphalet Dewey to be Lieutenant of a 
Company of Grenadiers in the 12th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish William Swift Junr to be Ensign of a 
Company of Grenadiers in the 12th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Hanover Barney to be Ensign of the 
second Company of the Governors Guards in this State. 

This Assembly do establish George Dolbear Avery to be Ensign of 
the second Company of Militia in the third Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Abel Osborn to be Captain of the 4th 
Company of Militia in the 4th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Israel Hall to be Captain of the 5th 
Company of Militia in the 10th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Asaph Merriman to be Lieutenant of 
hte 5th Company of Militia in the 10th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Couch Junr to be Ensign of the 
5th Company of Militia in the lOth Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Lee Jur to be Captain of a 
Company of Grenadiers in the 15th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Root to be Lieutenant of a 
Company of Grenadiers in the 15th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Elias Lewiss to be Ensign of the Com- 
pany of Grenadiers in the 15th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do estal)lish Jonathan Root Junr to be Captain of a 
Company of Light Infantry in the 15th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Hart to be Lieutenant of a Com- 
pany of Light Infantry in the 15th Regiment in this State. 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 157 

This Assembly do establish John Barnes to be Ensign of a Company of 
Light Infantry in the 15th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish James Merrell to be Ensign of the first 
Company of Militia in the 15th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Tillotson to be Ensign of the 
first Company of Militia in the 15th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Judah Barns to be Captain of the 4th 
Company of Militia in the 15th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do estabhsh Ashbel Cowles to be Captain of the 5th 
Company of Militia in the 15th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elias Tillotson to be Captain of the 
6th Company of Militia in the 15th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jesse Dickinson to be Lieutenant of the 
second Company of Militia in the 15th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Beecher Junr to be Ensign of the 
9th Company of Militia in the 15th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Hodges to be Captain of the 
5th Company of Militia in the 16th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Benja Bearss Junr to be Lieutenant of 
the 5th Company of Militia in the 16th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Eli Bearss to be Ensign of the 5th 
Company of Militia in the 16th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Stephen Ranny to be Captain of the 11th 
Company of Militia in the 17th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elias Case to be Lieutenant of the 5th 
Company of Militia in the 18th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Dan Case to be Ensign of the 5th Compan}- 
of Militia in the 18th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Ozias Bissell to be Captain of the sixth 
Company of Militia in the 19th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Levi Goodwin to be Captain of the first 
Company of Militia in the 19th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Amanah Miller to be Ensign of the first 
Company of Militia in the 19th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish James Otiss to be Lieutenant of tlie third 
Company of Militia in the 24th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Whittlesey to be Lieutenant of 
the 7th Company of Militia in the 29th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Hezekieh Ackley to be Ensign of the 
7th Company of Militia in the 29th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Paul Smith Junr to be Captain of the 
first Company of Militia in the 35th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Demas Marthers to be Lieutenant of 
the first Company of Militia in the 35th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Solomon Strong to be Ensign of the 
first Company of Militia in the 35th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Ashbel Keeney to be Captain of the 
10th Company of Militia in the 19th Regiment in this State. 



158 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

This Assembly do establish Moses Gleason to be Lieutenant of the 
10th Company of Militia in the 19th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Aden Andruss to be Ensign of the 10th 
Company of Militia in the 19th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Eleazer Richardson to be Lieutenant of 
the 4th Company of Militia in the 12th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Hezekiah Hartshorn to be Ensign of 
the 4th Company of Militia in the 12th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Benjamin Holt to be Captain of the 
first Company in the third Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Henderson to be Lieutenant of 
the first Company of Militia in the third Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish William Brown to be Captain of the 
first Company of Light Infantry in the 27th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Eliott Junr to be Lieutenant of the 
first Company of Light Infantry in the 27th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Eliott to be Ensign of the first 
Company of Light Infantry in the 27th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Elisha Wells to be 1st Lieutenant of 
a Company of Cavalry in the first Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Elisha Allen to be 2d Lieutenant of a 
Company of Cavalry in the first Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Aaron Hall to be Captain of a Company 
of Cavalry in the second Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Benajah Moses to be 1st Lieutenant of a 
Company of Cavalry in the second Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish John Beach to be 2d Lieutenant of a 
Company of Cavalry in the second Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Beri Tuttle to be Cornet of a Company 
of Cavalry in the second Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Hanly Bushnell to be 2d Lieutenant of 
a Company of Cavalry in the second Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish John Curtiss to be 2d Lieutenant of a 
Company of Cavalry in the 4th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish John Williams to be Cornet of a Com- 
pany of Cavalry in the third Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jacob Loomiss to be Captain of a Com- 
pany of Cavalrv' in the third Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Isaiah Loomiss to be Lieutenant of a 
Company of Cavalry in the third Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Metcalf to be Cornet of a Com- 
pany of Cavalry in the third Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Abel Hall Junr to be 1st Lieutenant of 
a Company of Cavalry in the 4th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish David Turney to be Cornet of a Company 
of Cavalry in the 4th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Curtiss Tomlinson to be Captain of a 
Company of Cavalry in the 4th Regiment in said State. 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 159 

This Assembly do establish Nathaniel Lewiss to be 1st Lieutenant 
of a Company of Cavalry in the 4th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Garlick to be Cornet of a Com- 
pany of Cavalry in the 4th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Squire Session to be 2d Lieutenant of 
a Company of Cavalry in the 5th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daviss Carpenter to be Cornet of a 
Company of Cavalry in the 5th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Ephraim Brigham Fay to be Cornet of 
a Company of Cavalry in the 5th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathaniel Chamberlain to be Cornet of 
a Company of Cavalry in the seventh Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Elisha Hills to be Captain of the 4th 
Company of Militia in the 19th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Timothy Benton to be Captain of a 
Matross Company in the 22d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Silas Hibbard to be first Lieutenant of 
a Matross Company in the 22d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Edward Dimock to be second Lieutenant 
of a Matross Company in the 22d Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Ebenezer Colborn to be Captain of a 
Company of Light Infantry in the 22d Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish John Orcutt to be Lieutenant of a Com- 
pany of Light Infantry in the 22d Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Porter Walbridge to be Ensign of a 
Company of Light Infantry in the 22d Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathan Washburn to be Captain of the 
second Company of Militia in the 22d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Solvin Converse to be Lieutenant of 
the 2d Company of Militia in the 22d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jonathan Pool to be Ensign of the second 
Company of Militia in the 22d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Christopher Johnson to be Captain of a 
Company of Cavalry in the 6th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Aaron Bradley to be first Lieutenant of 
a Company of Cavalry in the 6th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Elijah Gaylord to be 2d Lieutenant of 
a Company of Cavalry in the 6th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Jacob Kilborn to be Cornet of a Com- 
pany of Cavalry in the 6th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Dimock to be Lieutenant of the 
1st Company of Militia in the 22d Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Bildad Curtiss to be Ensign of the 1st 
Company of Militia in the 22d Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Epaphras Sage to be Captain of the 
2d Company of Militia in the 23d Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Elisha Sage to be Lieutenant of the 2d 
Company of Militia in the 23d Regiment in said State. 



160 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

This Assembly do establish Samuel White to be Ensign of the 2d 
Company of Militia in the 23d Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Hart to be Captain of the Govern- 
ors Independent Volunteer Troop of Horse Guards in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Jones to be first Lieutenant of 
the Governors Independent Volunteer Troop of Horse Guards in this 
State. 

This Assembly do establish Jonathan Belden Balcli to be Lieutenant 
oi the 5th Company of Militia in the first Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish John Hickox to be Ensign of the 9th 
Company of Militia in the 26th Regiment in this State. 

Whereas the Military Committee in their Report to this Assembly 
m October 1793 by mistake inserted the Name of Samuel Bartlet as 
Ensign of the first Company of the 27th Regiment of Connecticut Mili- 
tia, instead of Ensign of the 5th Company in said Regiment, 

Resolved by this Assembly that said Samuel Bartlet be and he is 
hereby appointed Ensign of the said 5th Company of said twenty seventh 
Regiment of Connecticut Militia, to take Rank from 17th Day of October 
1793, And that he be Commissioned accordingly.^^ 

To the Honble General x\ssembly now sitting. 
The Committee appointed by Your Honors to receive sort and count 
the Votes returned to this Assembly for Gentlemen to stand in Nomination 
for Election as Representatives of the People of this State in the Congress 
of the United States beg leave to Report that on the eighth Day of this 
present Session, they received Sorted and publicly Counted such Votes 
so returned, and find duely Nominated to stand in such Nomination the 
following Gentlemen viz. 

Jonathan Trumbull James Davenport 

James Hillhouse Nathaniel Smith 

Uriah Tracy Samuel W Dana 

Joshua Coit William Edmonds j- Esquires. 

Roger Griswold David Daggett 

Zephaniah Swift John Allen 

Chauncey Goodrich John Treadwell 

All which is humbly Submitted, Signed by Order Roger Newberry.^*^ 

Upon the Petition of Comfort Titus of Voluntown in the County of 
Windham, Shewing to this Assembly that in the year 1775, he purchased 
of his Father Mr Ebenezer Titus then of Voluntown since Deceased, a 



25. See above, p. 115. 

26. The votes on these men nominated for Congress were : Jonathan Trumbull. 
2739; James Hillhouse, 2738; Uriah Tracy, 2700; Joshua Coit, 2590: Roger 
Griswold, 1970; Zephaniah Swift, 1921; Chauncey Goodrich, 1940; Nathaniel 
Smith, 1365; Samuel W. Dana. 1293; William Edmond, 1217; David Daggett, 
705; John Allen, 678; John Treadwell, 674. Twenty-five other men polled votes 
but did not succeed in getting on the list. Connecticut Gazette, May 22, 1794. 



1794." OF CONNECTICUT 161 

certain Tract of Land lying in said Voluntown, bounded as follows viz, 
beginning at a heap of Stones by the Path which leads from the House in 
which the said Ebenezer then lived to a Grist Mill then the property of 
Elijah Gore from thence running North 10^^° West 53 Rods, to a Stake 
and Stones about it, thence running North 89°, West 36 Rods to a heap of 
Stones in a Line, then Elijah Gores Line now Josiah Bennets thence rim- 
ing South 10 Degrees East 46 [ ?] Rods to a Rock with Stones upon it 
a little North from the House which John Titus formerly owned, thence 
West one Rod to a heap of Stones thence South 673 West 30 Rods to a 
heap of Stones, thence North 85° East 42 Rods to a Rock with Stones 
upon it, thence the same Course to line of Land formerly Owned by Elijah 
Gore, now by Josiah Bennit ; thence running by said Bennits Line to a 
heap of Stones, and from thence to the Bound first mentioned, that he 
took of the said Ebenezer a Bond for Deed, Conditioned that upon pay- 
ment of the Sum of nineteen Pounds ten shillings by the 25th Day of 
December 1775, And the Sum of nineteen Pounds ten shillings by the 
first Day of March 1775 [sic], the said Ebenezer should give to the said 
Comfort a Warrantee Deed of said Land, that he the Petitioner had paid 
the Sums mentioned in said Bond, but that the said Ebenezer Dyed in the 
Year 1793, having never executed said Deed, but having Given directions 
to a Scribe to Write the same. And that the Heirs of the said Ebenezer 
were scattered into remote Parts of the World to the Petitioner unknown 
and many of them Minors under the Age of twenty One Years, Praying 
this Assembly to confirm to him the said Comfort the Title to said Lands, 
and Order and Decree that Noah Cole the Administrator to the Estate 
of said Ebenezer, be Authorized to make and execute to the Petitioner 
a Warrantee Deed of said discribed Land, which shall be binding & con- 
clusive upon the Heirs to the Estate of the said Ebenezer and all others 
who are or may be interested in the Estate of said Ebenezer. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the said Noah Cole the Administrator 
upon the Estate of the said Ebenezer is hereby Authorized and directed 
to make and execute to the said Comfort Titus a good Release Deed of 
said discribed Land, thereby releasing all the Interest and Title which the 
said Ebenezer had in and to said Lands, upon said Comforts giving up to 
the said Noah the said Bond for said Deed from said Ebenezer, and said 
Deed so executed shall be good and Authentick against all the Heirs to the 
Estate of said Ebenezer, and Convey to the said Comfort all the Title and 
Interest which the said Ebenezer had in and to said Lands and be con- 
clusive against the Heirs of the said Ebenezer. 

Upon the Memorial of Nathaniel Wolcott of Weathersfield in Hart- 
ford County Shewing to this Assembly that by repeated Misfortunes and 
Sickness of himself and Family he has become reduced in his Circum- 
stances and unable to pay his Creditors the Demands they have against 
him, That he is infirm of Body and unable to do any Labour for his 
support Praying this Assembly that upon his resigning up the Estate 
that he has in his Hands to Commissioners hereafter named for the 
benefit of his Creditors, his Person may be protected from Arrest and 



162 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

Imprisonment for Debts contracted before the Date of said Petition, and 
his future Acquirements remain free from Attachment or Execution 
from said Demands 

Tills Asscuibly do thereupon Order that John Franciss & Chester 
Wells of Weathersfield be appointed Commissioners under Oath to 
receive and adjust the Claims that may be due from the said Wolcott, and 
make a dividend among the Creditors, they giving three Weeks Notice 
to the Creditors of the Time and Place when they shall Meet, And upon 
the said Wolcott resigning up all his Estate except his wearing Apparel 
and necessary Household Furniture to the said Commissioners And 
they making an Average as aforesaid, the Body of the said Wolcott and 
the Property that he may in future acquire shall be free and exempt from 
any of said former Demands, And the said Commissioners have Power 
hereby to Collect all Debts due to said Wolcott.^^ 

Upon the Petition of Ebenezer Dart and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of New London & Montville in New London County, situated 
within the following Lines viz beginning at Lyme Line, thence an East 
line to the Dwelling Houses of Walter Chapel Samuel Douglas & James 
Douglas in New London thence an East Line to Alewise [Alewives'] 
Brook so called, thence Northerly by said Brook to the Old North 
Parish Line thence Westerly by said Parish Line to the Line of the 
ancient Town of Lyme, thence Southerly by said Lyme line to the first 
Station, Representing to this Assembly, that the West School Society in 
said Town of New London, were by a Resolve at the General Assembly 
of this State holden at Hartford on the second Thursday of May 1743, 
divided into two distinct Societies or Districts for the purpose of regula- 
ting Schools, and that the Petitioners and their Predecessors were in- 
corpo^rated into a Separate School Society or District and were endowed 
with compleat Powers of a Corporation for the purpose of regulating 
Schools, And that subsequent to said Resolve dividing said School 
Society 'or District, the Eclesiastical Society of Chesterfield in New Lon- 
don County was by a Resolve of the General Assembly of this State holden 
at New Haven on the 5th Day of January 1769 Incorporated into an 
Eclesiastical Society, And that a part of said School Society or District 
was included within the Limits of said Chesterfield, without exempting 
those of said School Society or District within the Limits of said Chester- 
field Society from being incorporated both as to School as well as Eclesi- 
astical Purposes, as has been adjudged and determined by the Superior 
Court of this State, Praying for an Exemption so far as respects the 
regulation of Schools as per Petition on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that the said Act incorporatmg the Society 
of Chesterfield so far as it respects the regulating or Supporting or Schools 

"~27 Nathaniel Wolcott, 1748-1810, was the grandson of Samuel Wolcott, 2nd, 
a prominent merchant of Wethersfield. Nathaniel Wolcott had a tamily of six 
children. Henry R. Stiles, The History of Ancient Wethersfield Connecticut . 
II (New York 1904) 844; Chandler Wolcott, Wolcott Genealogy; The Family 
of Henry Wolcott One of the First Settlers of Windsor, Connecticut (Rochester, 
1912), p. 122. 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 163 

or Schooling within said District or School Society shall not be con- 
strued to extend to the Petitioners or any others living within the Limits 
of said School Society or District or their Estates, any Thing in said Act 
incorporating said Society of Chesterfield notwithstanding And that they 
be excused from paying any Thing for the support of Schools in the 
several Eclesiastical Societies to which they respectively belong, and that 
said School Society be called by the Name of Lake Pond School District 
and that the Petitioners and those within the Limits of said School Dis- 
trict shall not interfere Vote or Act in any Meeting of said several Socie- 
ties touching Schools or Schooling.^^ 

Upon the Petition of Ezra Adams & Deborah Adams of Symsbury, 
Guardians to x\bner Hosea & Kesia Adams Minors and Heirs to the 
Estate of Hosea Adams late of Symsbury Deceased, Shewing that the 
said Hosea died possessed of one certain Peice or Parcell of Land lying 
in said Symsbury on the East Mountain Bounding North on a Highway 
South on Jonathan Humphrys Land, East on John Pettibone, and West 
on John Pettibone Junr Land, containing One Acre One Quarter & thirty 
One Rods in quantity, laying remote from the other Lands of said Estate 
and so shaped and situated that said Heirs can have no Profit therefrom 
Praying that some proper Person might be appointed and Impowered to 
sell the same for the Benefit of said Heirs &c as per Petition on file 

Resolved that the said Ezra Adams be and the said Guardians are 
hereby Authorized to sell and dispose of said Land to the best advantage 
under the direction of the Judge of Probate for the District of Symsbury, 
and thereof to make ample Conveyance to the Purchaser or Purchasers, 

Provided that the said Guardians shall first give sufficient Bond with 
surety to said Probate Judge, Conditioned that said Guardians Conduct 
according to such directions and Account with said Heirs respectively 
when arrived to full Age for the Avails & Profits of the same. 

One the Memorial of the Honble Stephen Mix Mitchell, Shewing that 
having lost by accident during his absence on Public Business the Papers 
containing an Account of Duties received on Process the Year past had 
been lost, That he could not at present ascertain that he had received 
more than forty shillings, though doubtless more had been received and 
Praying that the Treasurer might be Authorized to receive to the Amount 
of what had been or might in future be ascertained as per Memorial on 
file, 

Resolved that the Treasurer be and he is hereby Authorized to receive 
of the Memorialist the said Sum of forty shillings already discovered, 
and such other Sums as the Memorialist may hereafter discover to have 
been received by him although the Account may not be made out in 
Strict conformity to the Law in that Case Provided. 

28. For division of the West School Society and incorporation of the Chester- 
field Ecclesiastical Society, see Colonial Records of Connecticut, VIII, 532; 
XIII, 151-153. 



164 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

Upon the Petition of Andrew L Hill of Reading in Fairfield County, 
Shewing to this Assembly that John Hill a Minor about the Age of eight 
Years, Son to Daniel Hill Jur late of said Reading Deceasd, is the Owner 
and Possessor of One third Part of the dwelling House and Barn stand- 
ing in said Reading which was formerly the Homstead and Property 
of John Sanford late of said Reading Deceasd, and where the said John 
Sanford dwelled while he Lived, and where he died. And that the said 
Minor owns no Land adjoining said Buildings, And that said Buildings 
are much out of repair, and that it will be much for the benefit of said 
Minor to have his part of said Buildings sold and the Avails thereof put 
to Interest or otherways applied for the Benefit of said John Hill the 
Minor, Praying this Assembly to Authorize and Impower some suitable 
Person to make Sale of said John Hills part of said Buildings &c as 
per Petition on file may appear 

Resolved by this .Issembly that the said Andrew L Hill be and he is 
hereby Impowered and Authorized to make Sale of the said John Hills 
part of said Dwelling House and Barn, And he the said Andrew L Hill 
is hereby enabled to execute and make a legal Deed of Conveyance of the 
same on his giving a Bond in the Sum of One Hundred Pounds lawfull 
Money to the Judge of the Court of Probate for the District of Danbury 
Conditioned for the faithfull Application of the Avails of said Buildings 
for and to the Use and Benefit of said John Hill. 

Upon the Petition of Zadoc Granger & Als Inhabitants of the Town 
of Sut^eld, Shewing to this Assembly that by reason of Ice & great 
Freshets in Connecticut River the crossing of said River is sometimes 
wholly Impracticable, frequently difficult & dangerous and always at- 
tended with considerable delay &c Praying this Assembly to grant to 
them their Associates &c the exclusive Right of erecting a Bridge across 
said River between the Towns of Enfield & Suftield near mad Tom Barr 
so called, with such Toll or Fare for Crossing said Bridge as to this 
Assembly shall seem reasonable, and to incorporate the Petitioners their 
Associates «&c for that purpose &c as per Petition on file. 

Resolved by this Assembly that a Committee be appointed & Messrs 
James Hooker, Jonathan Brace & John Morgan be and are hereby ap- 
pointed a Committee at the expence of the Memorialists to view said 
River and its Shores at said mentioned Place and determine whether a 
Bridge can be erected at said Place across said River without Injuring 
the Navigation up & down said River of Boats & other Watercraft, and 
the floating of Rafts of Logs & Boards & other Lumber down said River 
so as to benefit the Petitioners & the Public at large and Report thereon 
to this Assembly at their Session in October or May next, and that said 
Petition be Continued to the General Assembly to be holden at New 
Haven on the second Thursday of October next.^^ 

29. Apparently no further action was taken at this time. The Suffield-Enfield 
bridge, the first to cross the Connecticut River, was opened in 1808. Charles W. 
Whittlesey, Crossing and Recrossing the Connecticut River, p. 9. 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 165 

Upon the Petition of Amos Dutton of Wallingford in New Haven 
County Shewing to this Assembly, that he is Guardian to Charles Dut- 
ton and Lucy Dutton both of said Wallingford Minors under the Age of 
twenty One Years and Children and Heirs of Charles Dutton late of 
said Wallingford Deceased, that in the Settlement and distribution of 
the Estate of said Deed Charles a certain Peice of Land lying in Water- 
town in Litchfield County in quantity about thirty three Acres was set 
out to the said Children in equal proportion and was apprized at £66. 
L Money, That the fences of said Land have gone to decay since the 
Death of the said Deceasd, and that there is no Timber on said Land 
and the Pasturage and Produce of said Land is of small value to the said 
Children, that a good Opportunity now presents for the Sale of said 
Land to the advantage of said Minors Praying for Power and Liberty 
to sell and dispose of said Peice of Land as Guardian aforesaid for the 
Use and Benefit of the said Minors under the directions of the Judge of 
Probate in and for the District of Wallingford as per Memorial on file 
Dated October 14th 1793, 

Resolved by this Assembly that Liberty and Authority be Granted, 
and Liberty and Authority is hereby Granted to the said Amos Dutton as 
Guardian to the said Charles & Lucy Minors as aforesaid to sell and 
dispose of the said piece of Land by good and Authentic Conveyance of 
the Same, and under the directions of said Judge of Probate for the 
Use and benefit of the said Minor Children the said Amos first procuring 
and giving good and sufficient Bonds with surety to said Judge of Pro- 
bate for his faithfull accounting and Paying over the Avails of said 
Land when sold to the said Minors or to their Use and Benefit when 
they shall arrive to the Age of twenty One Years or sooner if required 
by said Judge of Probate. 

Upon the Petition of Solomon Elsworth Benjamin Elsworth Israel 
Allen & Stoddard Elsworth and others shewing to this Assembly, That 
the Petitioners live near and adjoining to Scantick River so called that 
said Scantick River communicates with Connecticut River and is navi- 
gable for Boats &c for five Miles into the Country, That the Lands 
adjoining said River Scantick abound with firewood Timber &c and the 
most feasible mode of transporting said Articles to market is by Boats 
down said River Scantick, that the Boating Business in said River 
Scantick is considerable increasing and highly beneficial to the Inhabi- 
tants living near thereto, and the Market Towns on Connecticut River 
below that about twelve Years ago a Saw Mill now owned by Elihu 
Loomiss was erected with a Dam across the Mouth of said River Scan- 
tick to the entire obstruction of the Passage by Boats and also the 
Passage of fish into said River Scantick &c &c praying for Releif as per 
Petition on file. 

Resolved by this Assembly that a Committee be appointed, and Messrs 
Jonathan Brace William Judd & Samuel W. Williams Esqrs, are hereby 
appointed a Committee at the expence of the Petitioners to view the situ- 
ation of the Dam therein mentioned and whether a Lock or Pent Locks 



166 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

may not be formed in said Dam to facilitate the navigation of the River 
Scantick without injuring said Dam or without much expence of Water 
& to see if the obstructions to the Navigation & Fishery in said River 
Scantick can in any Just and reasonable mode be removed and whether 
the Petitioners are entitled to any and what releif in the Premisses &■ 
Report their Opinion to the General Assembly during the present or 
some future Session.^" 

Upon the Memorial of Daniel Tilden of Lebanon in the County of 
Windham Conservator of the Person and Estate of Nathan Chiver of 
said Lebanon, shewing to this Assembly that the said Nathan is indebted 
for Doctoring nursing &c the Sum of thirty five Pounds L Money to dis- 
charge which and procure him present & future support there are no 
means but from the Avails of his real Estate consisting of twenty nine 
Acres of Land in said Lebanon, so situated that a part thereof cannot be 
sold at its Just value without lessening the value of the remainder Pray- 
ing for Liberty and Authority to sell the whole of said Land for the 
benefit of said Nathan 

Resolved by this Assembly that Liberty & Authority be and hereby is 
granted to the said Daniel Tilden to make Sale of the whole of said Land 
belonging to said Nathan Chiver to the best Advantage, and to make and 
every way well Authenticate a Deed thereof to the Purchaser or Pur- 
chasers of said Land, And the said Tilden is hereby directed to render 
his Account in the said Premisses to the County Court for Windham 
County. 

Upon the Memorial of Hezekiah Wyllys of Hartford, Shewing that 
in the Year 1780, the State of Connecticut appointed three Regiments of 
three Months Men so called Commanded by Colonels Canfield, Richards 
and the Memorialist that he being first in the Order of said appointments 
the Commiteee of Pay Table opened an Account with him alone, and all 
Orders Issued for said Regiments they Charged immediately to the Me- 
morialist amounting to £16780.17.3 Considered as State Money, all of 
which was paid into the Hands of the Captains in his said Regiments and 
said other Officers except one of ilOOO, received by the Memorialist, that 
on the 10th day of January 1782 said Pay Table Committee received 
back from him i745.4.10 part of said £1000 Order and considered his 
Account as adjusted and ballanced untill after said Committee discovered 
that they had Ordered and paid to John Grase one of his Captains more 
than the Amount of his Pay Roll £52.7.2, by their mistake, of which Sum 
he has had no Benefit and ought not to be accountable therefor, though 
of him it is demanded by the Comptroller, Praying that he may be dis- 
charged from said Demand as per Memorial on file, and it appearing that 
said overplus Sum was received of said Pay Table Committee by Daniel 
Learned 



30. For further action on this memorial, see below, pp. 294, 332-33. 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 167 

Resolved that the Memorialist be and hereby is exonerated from ac- 
counting for said Sum of £52.7.2, and that the Comptroller Charge the 
same to Daniel Learned who received the same as aforesaid. 

Upon the Memorial of Eliphalet Austin and others Shewing to this 
Assembly that the Public Road from New Hartford to Norfolk through 
the Towns of Barkhemsted and Cole Brook commonly called the Green 
Woods road being a Road of great Travil and for the most part of the 
way rough Stony & mountanous that in Consequence of the badness of 
said Road great inconvenience doth arise not only to those who 
travel said Road but to the Public in General, and that the Commercial 
Interest of this State is greatly Injured, as great part of the Produce 
of the North & Western part of the State, and that part of Massachusets 
which lies contingous to it which would otherwise be carried to Hart- 
ford and other places on Connecticut River is now oweing to the badness 
of said Road [carried] to Hudson & other Places on the North River, 
and that the Inhabitants living on said Road being few in number and 
under the inconvenience of new Settlers and said Road hard to cultivate 
are wholly unable to mend and keep said Road in such repair as in any 
Measure to answer the public convenience Praying for a Turnpike or 
Turnpikes may be established on said Road, and that a Committee may 
be appointed to explore said Road and see if any alteration ought to be 
made in said Road and to affix upon a Place or Places for said Turnpike 
or Turnpikes as shall best answer the Publick as per Memorial on file 
Dated May first 1794. 

Resolved by this Assembly that Messrs Noadiah Hooker Joshua 
Porter & Daniel Humphry are appointed a Committee at the expense of 
the Memorialists to view said Road and see if any alterations can be 
made for the better and the Place or Places for a turnpikes [sic] and 
make a Report of their Opinion in the Premisses to the next General 
Assembly to be holden at New Haven in October next.^^ 

Upon the Memorial of John Bulford and his Associates Shewing to 
this Assembly that the Publick Road from Southbury to Derby through 
the Parish of Oxford is extremely bad and in its present State almost 
impassible that there [are] but few Inhabitants living on said Road for 
near eight Miles thereof, that the same with a sufficient quantity of 
Labour may be made an excellent Carriage Road and that it is a Road 
through which the greater part of the produce from Litchfield County is 
Carried to Market and of course much Travelled that Your Memorialists 
will be at the expence of repairing said Road provided that this Assembly 
will establish a Turnpike thereon and permit Your Memorialists to re- 
ceive the Profits thereof for such a length of Time as shall be sufficient 
to reimburse them for their said Expenditures Praying for a Committee 
&c as per Memorial on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that Simeon Bristol Ephraim Kirby and 
John Dibble Esqrs. be and hereby are appointed a Committee to enquire 

31. This resolution began the investigation which ultimately led to the estab- 
lishment of the Greenwoods Tumpilce. See below, pp. 318, 396-402. 



168 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

into the Facts stated in said Memorial at the Expence of the Memorial- 
ists and that they Report the same with their Opinion to this or some 
future Assembly.^^ 

Upon the Petition of Eliakim Starr of Danbury in Fairfield County, 
Shewing to this Assembly that he now lives within the Limits of the 
Parish of Bethel, which some Years since was incorporated and set off 
from the first Eclesiastical Society in said Danbury, that about three 
Acres of I>and whereon said Eliakim now lives is situate in said Parish 
of Bethel Praying that the same may be annexed to said first Society as 
per Petition on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that the three Acres of Land whereon the 
Petitioner now lives Bounded East on Highway South on Josiah Starrs 
Lands West and North on said first Society be and the same is hereby 
annexed to the first Eclesiastical Society in said Danbury to be and 
remain hereafter as part of said first Society, and that the said Eliakim 
have Liberty and Liberty is hereby Granted to him to attend Public 
Worship in said first Society subject to the Rules and Regulations of the 
same.^^ 

Upon the Memorial of the Inhabitants of the Town of Voluntown in 
Windham County Praying to be incorporated into two Distinct Towns, 
on Condition that each Town should have but One Representative in 
the General Assembly as per Memorial on file Dated the 7th Dav of 
April 1794 

Resolved by this Assembly That all that part of the ancient Town of 
Voluntown within the following Bovmds, beginning at the North West 
Corner of said anceint Town of Voluntown at the South Line of Killing- 
ley thence running Southerly on the East Line of Plainfield untill it 
comes to the South East Corner of Plainfield thence East ten Degrees 
South to the Division Line between this State and the State of Rhode 
Island thence by said State Line to the South East Corner of Killingley 
thence Westerly on the Line of Killingley to the first mentioned Bound, 
be and the same is hereby Constituted and Incorporated into a Distinct 
Town by the name of Stirling, and shall be and remain in and of the 
County of Windham, 

And it is further Resolved by this Assembly that said Town of Stirl- 
ing shall not have more than One Representative in the General Assem- 
bly at any one Time, and shall at all Times have possess and enjoy all 
the other Powers, Priveleges Rights and Immunities, and be liable to all 
the Duties of a Town which the other Towns in this State by Law es- 
tablished have and do enjoy and are liable to. And the said Town of 



32. For the incorporation of the Oxford Turnpike Company see below, pp. 
276-77 and note. 

33. Eliakim Starr, ca. 1749-1825, lived at Grassy Plains, Danbury. A farmer 
in comfortable circumstances, he took the covenant of the church at Bethel in 
1784. At this time he transferred to the church in Danbury, of which he was 
deacon for thirty vears. Burgiss Pratt Starr, A History of the Starr Family . . . 
(Hartford, 1879),' p. 394. 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 169 

Stirling shall take to themselves and maintain their proportion, of all 
the Poor Persons now supported or assisted by said antient Town of 
Voluntown, and shall receive and ackoledge tlieir Proportion of the 
Inhabitants of said antient Town of Voluntown who now dwell in other 
Places by Permission or Certificate or otherwise, and shall hereafter re- 
turn as legal Inhabitants of said antient Town, and said Town of Sterl- 
ing shall be liable for their proportion of all Debts now due from said 
Ancient Town of Voluntown, and shall be entitled to their Proportion 
of all the Publick Moneys of said ancient Town and of all other corporate 
property now belonging to said Antient Town, all which proportion 
shall be ascertained by the List 1793, And said Town of Stirling shall 
have a Town Meeting on the 9th Day of June 1794 to Choose Town 
Officers for said Town which Meeting shall be warned by a warning 
Signed by John Gaston Justice of the Peace posted upon the Public 
Sign Post in said Town at least five Days before said Meeting which 
Meeting shall be holden in the Dwelling House of Robert Dixon Esqr. 
in said Town of which Meeting the said John Gaston Esqr shall be 
Moderator, and said Town shall proceed to Choose a Clerk for said 
Town and other Town Officers for said Town, which said Officers being 
so Chosen, shall continue in Office untill the first Day of January next 
or untill others are Chosen in their Stead, and the residue of said Antient 
Town of Voluntown shall remain a distinct Town by the Name of Volun- 
town and shall not have more than One Representative in the General 
Assembly at any one Time.^"* 

On the Memorial of Lycas Simonds of Dummers Town in the State 
of Vermont Heir and the only Representative of Hewit Simons late a 
Soldier in the Old First Connecticut Regiment in the Army of the United 
States, Shewing to this Assembly that there remains in the Office of 
the Comptroller of Public Accounts a State Note payable to said Hewett 
Simons, for the Sum of Eleven Pounds six shillings & seven pence for 
Services in said Regiment before the Year 1780 as per Memorial on file. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Comptroller of Public Accounts 
be and he is hereby directed to deliver to said Lycas Simons said Note. 

Upon the Petition of Joseph Sage, William Tryon, Ephraim Hollister 
Salmon Hollister, Abel Hollister & Samuel Norton of Berlin Shewing 
to this Assembly, that they by the present Military establishment of this 
State are enrolled in the 16th Company of the 15th Regiment of Militia, 



34. Voluntown had been laid out as a series of grants to war volunteers in 
1706. The town was sixteen miles long, only three to four niiles wide. From the 
beginning, the northern section of the town was more prosperous than the 
southern. It was this northern section that in 1794 petitioned for and received 
incorporation as a separate town. It was named Sterling in honor of a temporary 
resident. Dr. John Sterling, who had promised to donate a public library in 
return for the honor of havmg the town named for him. The first town meeting 
was held June 9, 1794, the dwelling house of Robert Dixon being selected as a 
temporary place for town meetings. Richard M. Bayles, ed., History of Windham 
County, Connecticut (New York, 1889), pp. 005-613; A Modern History of 
Windluxm County Connecticut . . . (Chicago, 1920), 1, 360-362. 



170 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

that their distance from the Usual Place of Parade of said Company is 
three Miles, and a bad road for travelling, and otherwise inconvenient 
for them there to attend and perform their Military Duty, And further 
Shewing, that the 7th Company in the 23d Regiment of Militia are so 
deficient in numbers, that with the addition of the Memorialists, and 
others dwelling with them, said 7th Company would not exceed the 
established Complement of sixty four Privates, Praying that the Bound- 
ary Line between the Societies of Kensington & Worthington in said 
Berlin as far North as the Bounds of the 16th Company of the 15th 
Regiment of the Militia of this State extends be the Eastern Boundary 
of the sd 16th Company, and the Western Boundary of the 7th Company 
of the 23d Regiment as per Memorial on file. And the Commissioned 
Officers of said Companys having signified their Consent to said Altera- 
tion 

Resolved that the above discribed Line be and the same is established 
the dividing Line between said Companys, and that the Memorialists 
and others dwelling East of said dividing Line at the Place aforesaid 
be annexed to said 7th Company in the 23d Regiment, and be and remain 
a Part and Parcel of the same. 

On the Petition of Elias Woodward and others Inhabitants of the 
Towns of Preston and Plainfield, Shewing to this Assembly that there 
is need of an alteration of the Post Road, which leads through Preston 
& Plainfield, from the dwelling House of Samuel Smith in said Preston 
to the dwelHng House of John Welch in said Plainfield, that the same 
as lately laid and established by the Com_mittee which was appointed 
by this Assembly in May 1793, whose Report was returned to the As- 
sembly in October Session 1793, and accepted and the Alterations by 
said Comittee made are not so beneficial to the Public as said Road 
would be in Case the same was altered from the dwelling House of said 
Samuel Smith, in said Preston, thence to run by the dwelling House of 
Oliver Walter so Continuing the Course of the open Road or Highway 
untill it comes to the House of said John Welch in said Plainfield, in case 
some small Alterations should be made in said Road by said Walters 
in such Places in said Road as should be found necessary, and that said 
Post Road would be shortened thereby, and also stating to this Assem- 
bly that said Road from said Smiths to said Welchs House as lately laid 
by said Committee is not much better for the Public Use by the Altera- 
tions made by said Committee, and that great Damages are done to In- 
dividuals thereby through whose Lands the same are made, Praying 
that a Committee may be appointed to repair to the said two Highways 
above mentioned, and enquire into the situation of said Highways, and 
to make Report what alteration will be necessary if any. and which of 
said Highways will best accomodate and be most convenient for a Post 
Road or for the transportation of the Public Mail, and that a Just propor- 
tion of the Avails of the Lottery lately granted by this Assembly for 
repairing the Post Road may be laid out thereon as per Memorial on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that Ezra Bishop, Daniel Frost & Eleazer 
Moffatt Esqrs. be and they are hereby appointed a Committee to repair 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 171 

to and view said Highways and examine into the situation thereof and 
to Report to this Assembly in October next which of said Highways will 
in their opinion be most beneficial for the Public for a Post Road, and 
what alterations will be necessary to be made therein if any alteration 
are [sic] necessary and also to Report what alterations are necessary 
to be made, in the said Post Road through Preston and Plainfield, at the 
expence of said Elias Woodward & others the said Petitioners, and also 
to Report whether said Alterations made by said former Committee in 
said Post Road between the House of said Smith and the House of said 
Welch may not be discontinued consistent with Public convenience.^^ 

Upon the Memorial of Hannah Hall Administratrix on the Goods and 
Estate of Benjamin Hall Esqr late of Cheshire in the County of New 
Haven Deceasd, Shewing to this Assembly that before the Superior 
Court held at New Haven within and for the County of New Haven on 
the last Tuesday of August 1780 he the said Deceasd being indicted for 
passing six fifty Dollar Counterfeit Continental Bills, and, having there- 
upon with Henry Brooks & Moses Moss both of said Cheshire entered a 
Bond of Recognizance, forfeited said Bond which was afterwards by the 
General Assembly holden at New Haven on the second Thursday of 
October 1783 on the Petition of the said Deed remitted to the Sum of 
fifty Pounds in Securities of this State, stating the difficulties and dis- 
tresses of her Situation, Shewing that said Claim had never l)een Chal- 
lenged as a Charge against the Estate of said Deceasd & Praying that said 
Claim of fifty Pounds in Securities on said Bond be relinquished and that 
said Bond be discharged as per Memorial on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that said Claim of fifty Pounds in favour of 
this State in Securities on said Bond be and the same is hereby relinquished 
and said Bond annulled and discharged as far as respects any Claim against 
said Deceasd or against both or either of said Sureties who are hereby 
released therefrom.^® 

Upon the Memorial of Caleb Mallery late of Maugerville in New 
Brunswick, a Subject of Great Britain now resident in Washington Litch- 
field County, State of Connecticut, representing to this Assembly that he 
has disposed of all his Interest in said New Brunswick, and has come into 
this State with his Family where he expects to reside during his Life 
Praying that he may be naturalized or enabled to hold Lands in this State 
&c as per Memorial on file 

35. For the initial petition for this road, see above, p. 68. Whatever com- 
mittee report was returned in the October 1793 session was not entered on the 
manuscript record. For further negotiations, see below, p. 202, 214, 286-88. 

36. For the remission of Benjamin Hall's bond in October 1783 see Conn. State 
Records, V, 224. Joseph Perkins Beach, in the History of Cheshire, Connecticut from 
1694 to 1840 . . . (Cheshire_, 1912), pp. 414, 555, records that a Benjamin Hall 4th 
of that town married in 1767 Hannah Burnham, and died in 1786. This is probably 
the Benjamin Hall referred to in this petition. F. B. Dexter in Biographical Sketches 

of the Graduates of Yale College, II, 332-333, states that Benjamin Hall appears to 
have been a Loyalist during the Revolution, a fact which might help to explain his 
having been convicted of passing counterfeit money during the war years. 



172 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Memoriahst have Liberty and 
Liberty is hereby Granted to him by purchase to obtain a Title to & hold 
Lands in this State in the same manner that any Citizen of this State is 
now by Law enabled to hold Lands. ^" 

Upon the Memorial of Michael Mills, Bigelow Lawrence, Ariel Law- 
rence Edward Case and Dudley Pettibone, Shewing that the said Michael 
Bigelow Ariel & Edward are Heirs to the Estate of Samuel Lawrence late 
of Symsbury Deceasd, And that one Samuel Lawrence is also an Heir to 
said Estate, said Pettilione being his Conservator, that his Share therein is 
in Lands of little value in Improvement but worth about £70, that said 
Samuel is insane and wholly incapable of taking Care of or supporting 
himself Praying that said real Estate belonging to said Samuel might be 
sold and the Avails thereof applyed to the support of said Samuel as per 
Memorial on file 

Resolved by tliis Assembly that the said Dudley Pettibone Esqr. have 
Liberty & Liberty and Authority is hereby Granted to him to Sell and 
dispose of said Lands to the best Advantage for the future maintenance 
and support of said Samuel Lawrence, and to make and execute ample 
Conveyance of said Lands to the Purchaser or Purchasers of the same, 
and for the Avails of the Sale of said Lands, that the said Dudley Pettibone 
Account with the Court of Common Pleas for Hartford County. 

Upon the Memorial of Aaron Barns shewing to this Assembly that on 
the third Day of February 1787, he was owner of two State Notes Signed 
by John Lawrence One of them for the Sum of £8.1.9 payable in June 1786 
& in the Name of Daniel Bradley, the other for £9.7.8 payable in June 
1788, in the Name of Benjamin Hayes that on said third Day of February 
1787'said Notes were burnt. Praying that a Note or Notes may be given 
to the Petitioner in Lieu of said destroyed Notes &c per Petition on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Treasurer be and he is hereby 
directed to Issue a Note to the Petitioner for the Sum of the said two 
Notes specifying the Time which the Interest is due thereon & also that 
it is in Lieu of said two lost Notes and also that it is to be Payable in three 
Years from its date if said two Notes or either of them are not by that 
Time brought in for discharge. 

Upon the Petition of Theodore Beckley Luther Porter Solomon Beck- 
ley Daniel Andruss, Enoch Kelsey Azel Belden, Richard Buckley. Hannah 

37 The Mallerys before the Revolution had settled in several towns in Fairfield 
and Litchfield counties. One of them Caleb Mallery, b. ca. 1756 was a resident of 
Woodbury and had three children. He is probably the Caleb Mallery who made 
the oresent petition. Sabine notes that a Caleb Mallery was ni 1782 a member of a 
Loyalist association in New York that was planning to settle at Shelburne, Nova 
Scotia He intended taking his family of four persons. In 1783 he washsted as a 
erantee of St John New Brunswick. William Cothren, History of Ancient Wood- 
bury, Connecticut . . ., I (Waterbury. 1854), p. 618; Lorenzo Sabme, TheAmertcan 
Lovalists or Biographical Sketches of Adherents to the British Crown w the War of 
the Revolution .. . (Boston, 1847), p. 440; Sahinc Biographical Sketches of 
Loyalists of the American Revolution with an Historical Essay (Boston, 1864), ii, 
548. 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 173 

Buckley all of \\^eathersfield in Hartford County and Members of the 
Parishes of Stepney & Newington, and Aaron Porter, Joseph Richards & 
David Webster of the Town of Berlin, Praying that that part of said 
Weathersfield which lies within the Bounds hereinafter mentioned may be 
annexed to the Parish of Worthington in said Berlin viz beginning at the 
North West Corner of said Enoch Kelseys Farm near his dwelling House 
and running a line from that spot Eastwardly in the line of said Farm to 
an Highway, and from said Highway continuing the same Line to an 
Highway leading from Newington. then turning Southwardly by said 
last Highway to the North East Corner of a tract of Land called and 
known by the Name of Beckleys farm, and from thence a Streight Line 
about One Hundred and thirty five Rods Easterly to the North west 
Corner, of Solomon Beckleys Common Lott thence keeping that Line 
Eastward to the end of said Lott about One Hundred & twenty Rods on 
Land belonging to Samuel W Williams Esqr., and from thence nearly 
South a Streight Line, to the North East Corner of Stoddard Lott so 
called, now belonging to the Heirs of Lieut Beckley late of Worthington 
Deed, and from thence in the Line of said Lott to Middletown Line, on 
Land belonging to the Heirs of Colo John Belden late of Weathersfield 
Deceasd as per Petition on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that that part of said Town of Weathers- 
field herein before described be and the same is hereby annexed to said 
Parish of Worthington accordingly for parochial purpose merely, and 
shall hereafter be holden and Considered as part and parcell of said 
Parish of Worthington.^^ 

Upon the Memorial of Ebenezer Whiting and others Shewing to this 
Assembly that there is a fire Engine kept in the Parish of Chelsea in the 
City of Norwich which in a great measure is rendered Useless for want 
of a well Organized fire Company to work said Engine Praying this 
Assembly to Grant Liberty for raising a fire Company to Work said 
Engine, with an exemption to such Company from Military Duty as per 
Memorial on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that Liberty be and Lilierty is hereby 
Granted unto the City of Norwich to raise by voluntary enlistment 
two fire Companies within the Limits of said City, consisting of twenty 
Men each for the Purpose of working fire Engines, and that said fire 
Companys or either of them when raised shall be under the direction of 
the Mayor Aldermen & Common Council of the City of Norwich, who 
are hereby Authorized from Time to Time to appoint the necessary 
Of^cers to Command said Companies to make and establish necessary 
Rules regulations & Bye Laws for Governing and Ordering said Com- 
pany or Companies, which Rules regulations and By Laws shall be bind- 
ing on said Companys or either of them in two Weeks after having been 
Published to said Company or Companys. unless said Rules Regulations 
or By Laws or any of them shall be reversed by the Superior Court of 



3S. The ecclesiastical society of Worthington had been established in October 
1772. Colonial Records of Connecticut, XIV, 61-63. 



174 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

this State, which Court is herehy authorized on apphcation to revise any 
such Rule Regulation or By Law and repeal the same, and said Com- 
pany or Companies when raised shall be by enlistment recruited from 
Time to Time as is necessary, as said Mayor Alderman and common 
Council shall direct to compleat the number of twenty Men each. And the 
said Companies and either of them after being raised Organized and 
furnished with a fire Engine shall be exempt from Military Duty during 
the Pleasure of this Assembly.^^ 

Upon the Petition of Jonathan Ambler Shewing to this Assembly that 
he was a Soldier in the 5th Connecticut Regiment during the late War, 
that there is Ballance due to him for his Services from this State for 
which Notes are made out in his Name and is in the Hands of the 
Comptroller but that the Comptroller cannot deliver said Notes to him 
as he has no discharge from the Service Praying the Comptroller may be 
directed to deliver him said Notes the want of a discharge notwithstanding 
&c as per Petition on file, 

Resolved by this Asseuihlv that the Comptroller be and he is hereby 
directed to deliver to him the Petitioner the Notes made out for the 
Ballance due to him the want of a discharge notwithstanding. 

Upon the Memorial of Joel Tirrell of Waterbury in the County of 
New Haven, Shewing to this Assembly that he served as a Soldier in 
the late Army under the United States, for the Term of three Years, and 
that by accident he failed to obtain a regular discharge. And that there is 
now in the Comptrollers Office a Note in his favour to the amount of 
ill. 6. 10 with Interest from the first of June 1780, And that the Comp- 
troller is not Authorized to deliver said Note to Your Memorialist because 
he is unable to produce a discharge from said Service Praying for releif 
as per Petition on file, 

Whereupon Resolved by this Assembly that the Comptroller be di- 
dected to deliver said Note over to said Joel Tirrell the want of said dis- 
charge notwithstanding. 

Upon the Memorial of John Benjamin of Stratford in the County 
of Fairfield as Agent for said Town, Shewing to this Assembly that 
there is due from said Town to the Treasurer of this State the Sum of 
£125.9.5 on the three penny and One shilling Taxes laid in the Year 1782, 
And that said Town were obliged to abate upwards of eight Hundred 
Pounds over and above the two twentieth Parts allowed bv this State 



39. On November 26, 1793 there broke out in the Chelsea section of Norwich a 
great fire which before it was put out had destroyed nearly two blocks of stores 
and dwellings. Miss Caulkins notes that "there was at this time a fire-engine of 
small power in Norwich, which was brought out on this occasion, but the hose 
broke at the first trial, and little could be done to arrest the flames." The present 
petition was no doubt an effort to prevent a repetition of this experience. For a 
memorial of the inhabitants asking to take up a collection for the fire sufferers, 
see below, p. 492. F. M. Caulkins, History of Norzvich, Conncctictit. From Its 
possession by the Indians to the Year 1866 (Hartford. 1874), p. 552. 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 175 

And that said Town were prevented from paying into the Treasury the 
one fourth part of the two aforesaid Taxes in Imlays Certificates agree- 
able to Law in consequence of the Treasurers applying the hard Money 
paid in by said Town in discharge of the three penny Tax & closing the 
same &c Praying Releif &c as per Memorial on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Treasurer of this State be and he 
is hereby Authorized and directed to Credit the Town of Stratford the 
Sum of ninety four pounds thirteen shillings & nine pence half penny, 
on the July One shilling Tax laid in 1782 and also to Credit said Town 
the Sum of ;£7.10.5 for a mistake in the Charge of Interest against said 
Town on the aforesaid Tax. 

Upon the Memorial of James Cromwell of Colchester in the County of 
New London Shewing to this Assembly that he was formerly Claimed by 
One Frederick Hutson late of Long Island, and that he was Compelled 
by him to Inlist into the British Service in the late War with America, and 
that he left their Service and put himself under the Protection of the 
Authority of the United States, and that he was subsequent to the War 
reclaimed by the Heirs of said Frederick Deed. And Messrs John Eells 
David Skinner & Solomon Phelps Junr purchased the said James and 
took a Bill of Sale of him from John Hutson the then Claimant of said 
James for the express purpose of emancipating him the said James and 
that he is still holden in Servitude Praying for releif as per Memorial 
on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that the said James Cromwell be and he 
is hereby emancipated and set at Liberty from all and every Claim of the 
said John Eells David Skinner & Solomon Phelps Junr their Heirs or 
Assigns on Account of said Bill of Sale & in Case the said James Crom- 
well be reduced to want he shall be supported & maintained as other State 
Paupers by Law are. 

Upon the Memorial of the Inhabitants of the Town of New London 
Shewing to this Assembly that there is now in the Hands of the Sheriff 
of New London County an Execution for the Sum of £450 for a deficiency 
in said Towns Quota of Recruits for the Continental Army in the Year 
1781, Praying that an Abatement allowed by a Committee from this 
Assembly for the Sum of £76.9.11 and a Judgment of £24, Recovered 
by John Deshon against said Town at the Superior Court held in New 
London in September last may be applied in part of said Execution That 
they may have Liberty to pay the Sum of £90.17.8 in Pay Table Orders 
in part of said Execution, and that they may have Liberty to pay the 
Ballance then remaining due on said Execution in Notes of this State 
as per Memorial on file dated the 15th of May 1794 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Inhabitants of said Town of New 
London have Liberty and Liberty is hereby Granted them to apply said 
Abatement of £76.9.1 1 and £14.0.0 on Account of said Judgment recovered 
by said John Deshon against said Town in part payment of said Execu- 
tion, And that they have also Liberty to pay over the said Sum of £90.17.8 



176 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

in Pay Table Orders when reduced to Specie value by the Rule heretofore 
established in the Public Office in further Payments of said Execution, 
And that they liave Liberty to pay the Ballance then remaining due on said 
Execution over and above the said Sums before mentioned in any Liqui-. 
dated Notes of this State. 

Provided no Interest be computed on said Notes after the first Day of 
Feby 1792, 

And Provided the Petitioners first pay all Sheriffs fees and legal Cost 
of a Suit brought by said Sheriff against the Select Men of said Town on 
Account of said Execution, 

And Provided a final Settlement of said Execution be made in manner 
aforesaid before the first Day of October next, on which said Execution 
shall be cancelled and discharged. 
• 

Upon the Memorial of Sarah Crandall of Coventry in Tolland County 
and others of said Coventry in behalf of said Sarah Shewing to this As- 
sembly that the said Sarah was Daughter of Ebenezer Brown late of 
said Coventrv Deceasd, And that Timothy Brown Son of said Ebenezer 
was prosecuted for Criminal Conduct against the State, and that the 
said Father in an advanced Age gave Bail for the appearance of his said 
Son before the Superior Court, but that the said Timothy failed of appear- 
ing according to the Tenor of said Bond wherel)y said Bond was for- 
feited. Judgment passed against said Ebenezer and Execution of said 
Judgment was levyed on the real Estate of said Ebenezer, and about 
twenty six Acres of his Land were sett off to said State, which was the 
greater part of his Landed Estate that the said Ebenezer & Wifebeing in 
advanced Life was soon after obliged to sell the remainder of his Lands 
for their support which Sale he made to a Person who proved Insolvent, 
so that said Ebenezer was reduced to Poverty and in a State of Blind- 
ness & great Infirmity, that the said Ebenezer had neither Son or Daugh- 
ter to aid or support him and his said Wife, also infirm except the said 
Sarah, and that she moved by filial Duty did with great Labour Industry 
and expence, attend to and provide for her said Parents to the Time of 
their respective Deaths, And that she by means thereof and other mis- 
fortunes is now in want Praying that said Lands now the Property of this 
State be granted to her &c as per Memorial on file, and said facts being 
found to be true 

Resolved that the Memorialist shall have and enjoy the Use and Im- 
provement of said Lands during the Term of her natural Life.^° 

Upon the Memorial of Betty Hanford & Barnabas Marvin Jun Admin- 
istrators on the Estate of Phineas Hanford late of Norwalk Deceasd 
Shewing to this Assembly that said Deceasd in his Life Time, and till his 
Death was seized in fee of a certain Tract or Peice of Land in said Nor- 
walk lying at a Place called Old Hill and is the same set in the Partition 
of the Estate of Anthony Beers Deed to his Widow, And that said Phineas 

40. For the petition of Ebenezer Brown to keep the bond forfeited by Timothy 
Brown in May 1782, see Conn. State Records, IV, 206. 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 177 

before his Death Bargained and Sold said Tract or Peice of Land to 
Stephen Hanford and received payment therefor and Died without execu- 
ting a Deed thereof, iVnd also Shewing to this Assembly that said Phineas 
a little Time previous to his Death sold two Acres of Salt Meadow lying 
in the Common Field in said Norwalk for six pounds £ Money unto 
Stephen & Andrew Morehouse of said Norwalk & received payment there- 
for and Died having Executed no Deed thereof Praying this Assembh- 
to Authorize and impower them the said Betty & Barnabas as Adminis- 
trators as aforesaid to Convey said two Tracts or Peices of Land, One 
whereof to said Stephen Hanford and the other thereof viz said two Acres 
of Salt Meadow to said Andrew & Stephen Morehouse, and to execute 
good and Lawfull Deeds accordingly as may at large appear by Memorial 
on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Memorialists have Liberty and 
Authority, and to them Liberty and Authority is hereby Granted to 
execute a Deed of said Tract or Peice of Land to said Staphen Hanford, 
and also a Deed of said two Acres of Salt Meadow to said Stephen & 
Andrew Morehouse and that said Deeds shall be good and effectual in 
Law for vesting & securing the Title of said Land & Salt Meadow unto 
the respective Grantees against the Heirs of said Phineas Deceased as 
prayed for. 

Upon the Petition of Abraham Chittenden Junr Administrator on the 
Estate of Eber Norton late of Guilford Deceasd and Ruth Norton of 
the same Guilford Guardian to Parnel Norton the only surviving Heir 
to the said Deceasd, Stating that the real and personal Estate of said 
Deceasd amounting to the Sum of two Hundred and seventy three Pounds 
was and is indebted to sundry Persons in the Sum of forty Pounds, and 
that the late dwelling House of said Deceasd requires considerable repairs 
and by reason of said Nortons having inproved said real Estate in com- 
rnon with his Brother the same was never fenced in severalty but that by 
his Death it becomes necessary to fence and improve the same in severalty, 
and that said Personal Estate is insufficient in the Sum forty Pounds for 
the purpose of discharging said Debts, repairing said House and fencing 
and putting said real Estate in a situation to be improved advantageously. 
And praying that the Petitioners may be enabled to sell and dispose of so 
much of the real Estate aforesaid as will raise the Sum of fortv Pounds 
£ Money to be applyed to the Purpose aforesaid, 

Resolved by this Assembly that Liberty and authority be and the same 
is hereby Granted to the said Abraham Chittenden and the said Ruth 
Norton under the direction of the Judge of Probate for the District of 
Guilford to Sell and dispose of so much of the real Estate of the sd 
Deceased as will raise the Sum of forty Pounds L Money tojje applied as 
aforesaid, and to make and execute any Deed or Deeds respecting the 
Premisses which shall be Binding and efficacious in the Law. 

On the Memorial of Shubael Breed State Collector of the Town of 
Norwich on the List of 1792, Shewing to this Assembly that by means of a 



178 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

Mistake his Warrants which he had received from the Treasurer sur- 
mounts the List of said Town which is returned to the Town Clerks Office 
in said Norwich £1901.5.0 on which List he has made up his Rate Bill as 
per Memorial on file, 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Treasurer of this State be and he is 
hereby directed to Abate to said Breed Collector as aforesaid, all the 
Rates arising to this State in said Sum of £1901.5.0. 

Upon the Memorial of Joseph Williams & others in behalf of and Agents 
for the Parish of Chelsea in the Town of Norwich & County of New 
London. Shewing to this Assembly that by a late conflagration in said 
Parish their Meeting House and other Property hath been destroyed, 
and that thev are unable to raise a Sufficient Sum to rebuild their Meeting 
House Praying this Assembly to Authorize them to raise the Sum of eight 
Hundred Pounds by a Lottery for that purpose as per Petition on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that Liberty be and Liberty is hereby Granted 
unto the said Parish of Chelsea at the risque of said Parish to raise the 
Sum of eight hundred Pounds Lawfull Money by a Lottery in one or more 
Classes exclusive of Expence. And that Joseph Williams Lynde McCurdy. 
Joseph Howland. Joseph Perkins. Thomas Coit Samuel Woodbridge. 
Ebenezer Huntington, Thomas Fanning, Jacob De Witt. Jabez Perkins 
Ju & Hezekiah Perkins or any five or more of them, be and they are hereby 
appointed Managers of said Lottery, who before they enter on their Trust 
shall execute a Bond to the Treasurer of this State with two sufficient 
Sureties in the penal Sum of six thousand Pounds L Money Conditioned 
for their faithfull performance of the Trust aforesaid, and that said Bond 
be by said Managers lodged in the Office of the Treasurer of this State, And 
that the Sum raised by said Lottery shall be by said Managers paid into 
the Treasury of said Parish of Chelsea and be by said Parish expended in 
the Building a Meeting House for said Parish.'*^ 

Upon the Petition of Mary Silliman Administratrix on the Estate of 
Gold Selleck Silliman Esqr late of Fairfield Deceasd, shewing to this 
Assembly that in the course of the late War the said Silliman was a 
Colonel & Brigadier General in the Service of this State and as such 
received from the Treasury of this State, several Sums of Continental 
Money to pay out to the Troops under his Command, that upon a final 
Adjustment of the Accounts of the Ballance against the Estate of the 
said Gold Selleck Silliman Esqr Deed by report of Commissioners it 
appears that there is an Account of said Continental Money due from the 
Estate of said Deceasd Silliman to the State the Sum of £394.8.10 lawfull 

41. The Chelsea Congregational Church had been destroyed in the great fire 
of November 26, 1793. For two months afterwards, services were held in the 
Episcopal Church, trustees of which had offered their premises. The members 
then adopted a nearby room as a temporary meeting place while they made plans 
for rebuilding. Joseph Howland and Thomas Fanning ofifered land on Chelsea 
hill with a small sum of money in return for the site of the old church. The 
lottery brought in £850. The new church was completed in 1795, its opening 
service being held on Thanksgiving Day of that year. F. M. Caulkins, History of 
Nonvlch, pp. 552-553. 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 179 

Money that said Sum is the ballance of a long Account for Continental 
Money received merely as a Baihff of the State, at a Time when a loss upon 
such Money was not in the Imagination of either Debtors or Creditors 
but resulted from depreciation unthought of, That said Memorialist has 
belonging to said Estate of said Deceased securities of this State on Interest 
which said Memorialist considers as valuable as the Ballance claimed by 
this State, That upon her Paying into the Treasury of this State the 
Amount of said Ballance in any securities of this State on Interest the 
Treasurer be directed to discharge said Memorialist from said Sum in 
specie as per Memorial on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that upon the Memorialists paying into 
the Treasury of this State in any liquidated Securities of this State 
on Interest and now due the said Sum of £394.8.10 together with the 
Sum arisen in hard Money for Costs of Suit within sixty Days from 
the rising of this Assembly the Memorialist be and is hereby discharged 
& exonerated from said Sum in specie, and the Comptroller of this 
State is hereby directed to receive the said Securities in discharge in 
full of said Sum in Specie accordingly. 

Upon the Petition of Abraham Waterhouse Junr of Saybrook Shewing 
to this Assembly that he is Collector of the Public Tax in said Town and 
that he received from the Treasurer of this State a Warrant to Collect 
from the Inhabitants of said Town one penny half penny Tax made on 
the List of 1792, amounting to £22809.19.0 and that the List as returned 
to the Town Clerk in said Town on which his Rate Bill is made is 
£1200.0.0 short of the Amount of the List returned to the General Assem- 
bly in October 1792, which was occasioned by a mistake made by the 
Listers of said Town in returning four Hundred Horses too many at 
60/ each making £7.10.0 L Money Praving for releif as per Petition on 
file, 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Treasurer be and he is hereby di- 
rected to deduct from the Amount of the List of said Town for 1792 
£1200, and Settle the Tax accordingly. 

Upon the Petition of William Powers & Elizabeth Powers both of New 
Haven, Shewing to this Assembly that they are the Guardians of the 
Persons and Property of Samuel Whiting of said New Haven, a Minor, 
And that he the said Samuel is the Owner of a Dwelling House partlv 
and about two Hundred & fifty feet of Land, situate in Fleet Street in 
said New Haven, and that it would be beneficial to said Samuel that One 
Hundred and fifty feet of said Land should be exchanged with Alexander 
Langmuir for other lands in Front of said House Praying that some meet 
Person may be Authorized to convey &c as per Petition on file, 

Resolved by this Assembly that said William Powers be and he is hereby 
Authorized to convey to said Langmuir under the direction of the Court 
of Probate for the District of New Haven One Hundred and fifty feet of 
said Land belonging to said Samuel and adjoining to the Land of said 
Langmuir and to execute a Deed therefor and in Payment therefor to 



180 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

receive of said Langmuir a Conveyance to sd Samuel of certain Lands 
fronting that part of said dwelling House which belongs to said Samuel. 

Upon the Memorial of Seth Deming of Berhn, and Isaac Lewiss and 
Levi Lewiss both of Southington in this State Shewing to this Assembly 
that the said Seth Deming on the second Day of October 1792 purchased 
of the said Levi and Achsa his Wife, the said Achsa then being a Minor 
under the Age of twenty One Years for a valuable consideration then 
paid or secured by the said Seth Deming to the said Levi and Achsa, One 
certain Peice of Land the Property of said Achsa, laying in the Town- 
ship of Weathersfield butting South on Land of John Beckley, East on 
Nathaniel Cornwell Northwardly in part on Highway, and in part on 
Theodore Beckley, West in part on said Theodore Beckley, and in part on 
the Heirs of Colo John Belding Deceasd, containing Twenty two Acres 
three Roods & ten Rods of Land being all the Right the said Achsa, as 
distributed to her of the real Estate of her father, John Beckley Deceasd, 
and to carry such into effect the said Levi Achsa and Isaac executed their 
Bond under their Hands and Seals in the penal Sum of One Hundred 
and fifty Pounds lawfull Money Conditioned that the said Achsa, should 
execute unto the said Seth. a good and sufficient Deed of Warranty of 
the said Lands, within three Months after the said Achsa should arrive to 
the Age of twenty One Years, except the Right of Dower of the Widows 
of John Beckley therein; And that said Achsa died before she arrived 
to the Age of twenty One Years, leaving Issue Samuel Beckley Lewiss 
an Infant, and that it is become impossible for the said Levi and Isaac 
literally to fulfill the Conditions of said Bond or to procure for said Seth 
a safe Title to said Lands, and that the Avails of said Lands were applied 
for Household Furniture and Cloathing for said Achsa, Praying that 
some meet Person may be Authorized to Convey to said Seth Deming the 
Lands aforesaid as per Memorial on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that the said Levi Lewiss be and he hereby 
is, empowered and Authoribzed to make execute and deliver to said 
Deming a good and ample Deed of Bargain and Sale of the Lands afore- 
said, except the said Right of Dower of said Widow Beckley, which Deed 
compleated. and acknoledged agreeably to Law and Recorded in the 
Records of the said Town of Berlin shall vest a good and compleat Title 
in the said Seth Deming his Heirs & Assigns forever in the Lands afore- 
said. 

This Assembly do appoint Hezekiah Bissell and Samuel Wyllys Es- 
quires with the Comptroller to Audit and adjust the Public Accounts 
of this State with the Treasurer thereof up to the first of October next 
and Report to the General Assembly in October next. 

Joseph Webb of Weathersfield in the County of Hartford, Joseph 
Barrell & Sarah his \Yiie, both of Charlestown & Commonwealth of 
Massachusets, Samuel Blackley Webb of Claverack in Columbia County 
and State of New York Mihitabel Webb of Charlestown aforesaid, John 
Webb of Claverac aforesaid, and Amos Bull & Abigail his Wife both of 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 181 

the Town and County of Hartford Petitioners vs Charles McEvers of the 
City County and State of New York, Executor of the last Will and 
Testament of James McEvers late of said New York Deceasd, Stephen 
Chester, John Hanmer John Williams and John Treat 2d all of Weathers- 
field in Hartford County, Barnabas Dean of the Town and County of 
Hartford, David Sabin of Enfield in said Hartford County, Levi Knight 
& Sarah Knight both of Enfield in said Hartford County, Administrators 
of the Goods and Estate of Joseph Knight late of said Enfield Deceasd 
and Jesse Dean of Hartford in the County of Hartford Administrator 
of the Goods & Estate of Silas Dean late of Weathersfield aforesaid Deceasd 
Respondents, as per Petition on file dated April 29th 1794. The said 
Parties appeared, and the Petitioners withdrew their said Petition, and 
would no further prosecute the same, and the said Respondents then 
prayed Judgment for the Cost which is allowed to be the Sum of £2.16.6 E 
Money, and execution is Ordered to Issue accordingly. 

Execution Granted September 6th A D 1795. 

On the Petition of Zebulon Waterman and the rest of the Inhabitants 
of the Eclesiastical Society of New Salem in the County of New Lon- 
don vs, Daniel Worthington, Clerk of the Baptist Society within the So- 
ciety of New Salem in the County of New London aforesaid, and the 
rest of said Baptist Society Respondents as on file dated April 29th 1794. 
The Question was put whether the Pleas oft'ered on the part of said Re- 
spondents in Abatement of said Petition are sufficient to abate the same. 

Resolved by this Assembly in the Affirmative ; Costs allowed to said 
Respondents is £2.13.0 L Money. 

Execution granted May 27th 1794."*- 

On the Petition of ThankfuU Fuller of East Hadam in the County of 
Midlesex vs John Howard late of sd East Haddam, absconded to some 
part of the World unknown, Thomas Fuller of Hartland in Litchfield 
County, Joseph Gates and Abigail Gates his Wife & Mary Spencer all of 
said East Haddam & Jared Parmely & Susanna Parmely his Wife of 
Chatham in the County of Midlesex & Elijah Day & Dorothy Day his 
Wife of Colchester in the County of New London Respondents as per 
Petition on file, dated Septembr 4th 1793 The Question was put whether 
the Pleas offered on the part of said Respondents in abatement of said 
Petition are sufficient to abate the same 

Resolved by this Assembly in the Affirmative. 

This Assembly do Grant to His Excellency Samuel Huntington the 
Sum of One Hundred & fifty Pounds for the first half of his Salary as 
Governor for the current Year. 

This Assembly do Grant to his Honor Oliver Wolcott the Sum of Fifty 
Pounds for the first half of his Salary as Lieutenant Governor for the 
Current Year. 



42. See below, p. 221. 



182 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

This Assembly do Grant to Andrew Kingsbury Esquire One Hundred 
Pounds for the last half of his Salary the last Year. 

This Assembly do Grant to John Porter Esqr One Hundred Pounds 
for the last half of his Salary the last Year. 

This Assembly do Grant to George Wyllys Esquire Twenty Pounds 
for his Salary the last Year. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That all Petitions and Memorials and Re- 
ports of Committee thereon pending before this Assembly be and the 
same are hereby Continued to the General Assembly to be holden at 
New Haven in October next. 

This Assembly was adjourned (By Proclamation), until the Gover- 
nor, or in his Absence, The Lieutenant Governor, shall see Cause to call 
it to meet again.^^ 

Teste George Wyllys Secretary. 

43. The Assembly Journal, May 30, 1794, records the end of this session as 
follows: "There being now no business on the table, and it being past five in the 
afternoon, Messrs. Southward & wright were appointed to communicate to his 
Excellency the Governor & the Council, that the business was so far closed that the 
house was ready to attend in the Council Chamber for the purpose of closing the 
Session. And, on return of above Committee, a message from his Excellency, by the 
Sherifif, requested the attendance of the house as above. Whereupon the house 
attended accordingly. And after prayer by the Revd Nathan Strong, the Governor 
administered the oa'ths of office to Judges of County-Courts, Judges of Probate, & 
Justices of Peace. After which the Gov. addressed the Assembly, and, in a short 
speech, touched upon the situation of affairs, and recommended harmony, order & 
promotion of peace and subordination. After which the Assembly, by order of the 
Governor, was dismissed in usual form." 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 183 

STATE OF CONNECTICUT 

At a General Assembly of the State of Connecticut, Holden at 
New Haven in said State on the second Thursday of October 
being the ninth Day of said Month Anno Dom. 1794.^ 

Present 

His Excellency Samuel Huntington Esquire Governor. 
The Honorable Oliver W'olcott Esquire Lieut. Governor. 

William Williams Esqr ] 

Joseph Piatt Cook Esqr 

William Hillhouse Esqr j 

James Davenport Esqr j 

Roger Newberry Esqr | 

Heman Swift Esqr } Assistants 

Jonathan Ingersol Esqr j 

Thomas Grosvenor Esqr | 

Thomas Seymour Esqr j 

Aaron Austin Esqr J 

Representatives of the Freemen of the several Towns in this State zvho 
attended the Assembly are as joUozv vis. 

Mr Samuel Wyllys, Mr Nathan H. Whiting, for Hartford 
Mr Gad Stanley, Mr Amos Hosford, for Berlin 

Mr Zebulon Peck Jur, , for Bristol 

, , East Hartford 

, , for East Windsor 

. . . , , for Enfield 

Mr Timothy Pitkin Jur. Mr Solomon Cowles. for Farmington 

, for Glastonbury 

Mr Hezekiah Holcomb , for Granby 

, , for Southington 

Mr Samuel Hale, , for Suffield 

Mr Noah Phelps, Mr George Humphry, for Symsbury 

Mr Ezekiel P. Belden, Mr Samuel W. Williams, for Weathersfield 

, Mr Solomon Griswold, for Windsor 

Mr David Daggett, Mr Abel Burritt, for New Haven 
Mr William Gould, Mr Timothy Hoadley. for Branford 
Mr Andrew Hull Jur, Mr Selden Spencer, for Cheshire 
Mr Daniel Holbrook, Mr Thomas Clark, for Derby 
Mr Simeon Parsons. Mr Dan Parmelee, for Durham 

Mr Samuel Davenport, , for East Haven 

, , for Guilford 

Mr Simeon Bristol, for Hamden 

1. There was no business transacted at this brief session. See below, p. 186 note. 



184 PUBLIC RECORDS October, 

Mr Charles Pond, Mr Abraham VH DeVVitt, for Milford 

Mr Samuel Mix , for North Haven 

Mr Jared Potter, Mr John McCleave, for Wallingford 

, Mr John Lewiss, for Waterbury 

Mr Samuel Osborn, Mr Roger Peck, for Woodbridge 

, , for New London 

Mr Joseph Williams. Mr Roger Griswold, for Norwich 

, , for Bozrah 

Mr Henry Champion 2d, Mr John Isham 2d, for Colchester 

' , for Franklin 

, for Groton 

Mr Elisha Morgan, , for Lisbon 

Mr Samuel Mather, Mr Elisha Way, for Lyme 

Mr Erastus Worthington , for Montville 

Mr Jonathan Brewster, Mr John Wilson, for Preston 
Mr Latham Hull, Mr Elias S Palmer, for Stonington 
Mr Andrew Rowland, Mr Lewis B Sturgis, for Fairfield 
Mr Joseph M White, Mr Benjamin Hicock, for Danbury 

Mr Timothy Ruggles, for Brookfield 

, for (Greenwich 

Mr Elias Hawley, , for Huntington 

, , for New Fairfield 

Mr William Edmond, Mr David Baldwin, for Newtown 

, Mr Samuel C Silliman, for Norwalk 

Mr Thaddeus Benedict, Mr Aaron Barlow, for Reading 

, Mr William Forrester, for Ridgefield 

, , for Stamford 

Mr Samuel Wm Johnson, 2\lr Jabez H Tomlinson. for Stratford 

Mr John Sherwood , for Weston 

, , for Windham 

Mr Esek Saunders, for Ashford 

Mr Ebenezer Scarborough, , for Brooklyn 

Mr Moses Cleaveland, Mr Luther i*ayne, for Canterbury 

Mr Philip Pearl, , for Hampton 

Mr Sampson Howe, Mr Silas Hutchins, for Killingley 

, , for Lebanon 

Mr Jonathan Hovey, Mr Nathaniel Atwood, for Mansfield 
Mr Joshua Dunlap, Mr William Pierce, for Plainfield 

, Mr John Trowbridge, for Pomfret 

Mr Lemuel Dorrance, for Sterling 

Mr Thaddeus Learned, , for Thompson 

Mr Samuel Robbins, , for Voluntown 

Mr John Fox, Mr Ebenezer Smith, for Woodstock 
Mr John Allen, Mr Ephraim Kirby, for Litchfield 

, , for Bethlem 

, , for Canaan 

, , for Cornwall 

, , for Goshen 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 185 

. , for Harwington 

, for Hartland 

Mr John Eliott , for Kent 

, Mr John Henderson, for New Hartford 

Mr Josiah Starr, Tvlr Noble Hine, for New Milford 

Mr Asahel Humphry, Mr Nathaniel Stevens, for Norfolk 

Mr Joshua Porter, for Salisbury 

, for Sharon 

Mr Joel Hinman for Southbury 

Mr Seth Wetmore, for Torrington 

Mr Ebenezer Tanner for Warren 

Mr Daniel N Brinsmade , for Washington 

Mr Elijah Woodward for Watertown 

Mr Hewit Hills for \\"inchester 

Mr Nathaniel Smith, for Woodbury 

Mr Elijah Hubbard. IMr Samuel W Dana, for Middletown 
Mr Edward Selden, Mr Daniel Brainerd, for Haddam 
Mr Hezekiah Goodrich, Mr Chauncey Bulkley, for Chatham 
Mr Jonathan O Mosely, Mr Elipt Holmes, for East Haddam 
Mr Joseph Wilcox. Mr Abraham Pierson, for KilHngworth 

for Saybrook 

Mr Daniel Edgerton. Mr Elijah Chapman Jr, for Tolland 
Mr Samuel Carver, Mr Saul Alvord. for Bolton 

, Mr. Nathaniel Root, for Coventry 

, for Ellington 

, , for Hebron 

Mr Reuben Sikes, Mr Abel Pease, for Somers 

, Mr Jesse Cady, for Stafford 

for Union 

Mr John Johnson. Mr Elisha Johnson, for W'illington 

David Daggett Esquire Speaker ] , , ^ . 

Samuel W Dana Esquire Clerk \ ^ ^''^ ^""'^ °^ 
Roger Griswold Esquire Clerk J Representatives 

Whereas a Contagious Disorder prevails in the City of New Haven 
and it is therefore Judged inexpedient at this Time to hold the Session 
of the General Assembly in this place. 



186 PUBLIC RECORDS October, 

Resolved that His Excellency the Governor be requested to direct this 
Assembly to be Adjourned to the tenth Day of October instant, at two 
of the Clock in the Afternoon, then to be holden at the Court House in 
the City of Middletown.- 

This Assembly was by Proclamation Adjourned accordingly 

Teste George Wvllys Secretary 

2. In June 1794, while New Haven physicians were fighting an epidemic of scarlet 
fever, there appeared in the city a case of dreaded yellow fever. The woman who had 
it died, while the source of the contagion was traced to the Long Wharf and to a 
vessel which had come in from the West Indies. This was the beginning of an 
epidemic that raged through summer and early autumn, throwing the city into a 
panic and bringing business and commerce almost to a standstill. When the disease 
was finally halted at the end of October it had killed sixty-three of the one hundred 
fifty inhabitants it had attacked. Contemporary physicians had a variety of hypotheses 
to explain the virulence of the epidemic, which today is known tobe transmitted 
by the mosquito. Certainly, to judge by contemporary evidence, sanitary conditions 
both at the Long Wharf and in the city were such as to encourage the breeding of 
the fever-bearing insects. A call of the roll, when the legislature met on October 9, 
showed that many representatives were unwilling to risk their lives in so unhealthy an 
atmosphere as that of the New Haven State House. The governor met both houses 
in the council chamber, where he suggested an adjournment to another town. The 
lower house wished to meet in Middletown, the upper house to adjourn to a December 
meeting in New Haven. Apparently the governor supported the lower house, with 
the result that its resolution was carried. Assembly Journal, October 9, 1794; 
Connecticut Courant, Sept. 1, Oct. 13; Connecticut Gaceite, Oct. 16; Connecticut 
Journal Oct. 16; The Literary Diary of Ezra Stiles, D.D., L.L.D. President of Yale 
College, edited by F. B. Dexter (New York, 1901), 526-545; Ezra Stiles. Account 
of the Yellow Fever in New Haven, 1794 (manuscript in the possession of the New 
Haven Colony Historical Society, 34 pp.) ; Frederick J. Hoadley, "A Review of 
the History of the Epidemic of Yellow Fever in New Haven, Conn, in the Year 1794,^' 
Papers of the New Haven Colony Historical Society, VI, 223-262; Edward E. 
Atwater, ed., History of the City of New Haven to the Present Time pp. 86-88. 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 187 

STATE OF CONNECTICUT 

At a General Assembly of the State of Connecticut, Holden by 
Adjournment at the Court House in the City of Middletown 
on THE tenth Day of October, and Continued by Adjournments 

FROM day to day, UNTILL THE THIRTY FIRST DaY OF THE SAME 

Month, Anno Dom 1794.^ 

Present. 

His Excellency Samuel Huntington, Esquire Governor. 
The Honorable Oliver Wolcott, Esquire, Lieut. Governor. 

William Williams Esqr ' 

Joseph Piatt Cook Esqr 

William Hillhouse Esqr 

John Treadwell Esqr 

James Davenport Esqr 

Roger Newberry Esqr \ Assistants 

Heman Swift Esqr 

John Chandler Esqr 

Jonathan IngersoU Esqr 

Thomas Grosvenor Esqr 

Thomas Seymour Esqr 

Aaron Austin Esqr 

Representatives of the Freemen of the several Towns in this State zvho 
attended the Assembly are as follow viz 

Mr Samuel Wyllys, Mr Nathan H Whiting, for Hartford 
Mr Gad Stanley, Mr Amos Hosford, for Berlin 

Mr Zebulon Peck , for Bristol 

Mr Jonathan Wells, Mr Elisha Pitkin, for East Hartford 

Mr Frederick Elsworth, Mr Samuel Treat, for East Windsor 

Mr Eliphalet Terry, Mr Daniel Perkins, for Enfield 

Mr Timothy Pitkin Ju, Mr Solomon Cowles, for Farmington 

1. Soon after the opening of the session at Middletown the lower house rejected 
a bill introduced by John Sedgwick of Cornwall to divide the State into seven districts 
for the election of representatives to Congress. After consideration the house also 
negatived the bill for the abolition of slavery it had already passed in May. Also 
turned down was a bill to prevent "theatrical and certain other exhibitions." With 
regard to the act appropriating the proceeds from the sale of western lands the repre- 
sentatives again voted to repeal, 110 to 51, but later agreed to postpone the Council's 
compromise bill by a vote of 83 to 78. George Kirkland offered to buy the State's 
western lands ; the Council apparently favored his bid but the lower house felt that 
the times were inexpedient. A scheme of Andrew Ward and Jeremiah Halsey for the 
purchase of Connecticut's claims to land between the northern boundary of Pennsyl- 
vania and the supposed southern boundary of New York seemed more attractive; 
a joint committee reported but the matter was continued to the next session. The 
Assembly also rejected a proposed amendment to the United States Constitution, 
but there is no indication as to what the proposal was (see Introduction). 



188 PUBLIC RECORDS Octobcr 

Mr Howell Woodbridge, Mr Elisha Hale, for Glastonbury 

Mr Hezekiah Holcomb, , for Granby 

Mr Asa Barns, Mr Elizur Andruss, for Southington 

Mr Samuel Hale. Mr Thaddeus Leavit, for Suffield 

Mr Noab Phelps, Mr George Humphry, for Symsbury 

Mr Ezekiel P Belden, Mr Samuel W Williams, for Weathersfield 

Mr Henry Allyn, Mr Solomon Griswold. for Windsor 

Mr. David Daggett, Mr Abel Burrit, for New Haven 

Mr William Gould, Mr Timothy Hoadley, for Branford 

Mr Andrew Hull Jur Mr Selden Spencer, for Cheshire 

Mr Daniel Holbrook, Mr Thomas Clark, for Derby 

Mr Simeon Parsons. Mr Dan Parmelee, for Durham 

Mr Samuel Davenport for East Haven 

Mr Andrew Ward, Mr WilUam Brown, for Guilford 

Mr Simeon Bristol for Hamden 

Mr Charles Pond. Mr Abraham VH DeWitt, for Milford 

Mr Samuel Mix , for North Haven 

Mr Jared Potter, Mr John McCleave. for Wallingford 

Mr Isaac Baldwin. Mr John Lewiss, for Waterbury 

Mr Samuel Osborn, Mr Roger Peck, for Woodbridge 

Mr Marvin Wait. Mr Jeremiah Gates Brainerd, for New London 

Mr Joseph Williams, Mr Roger Griswold, for Norwich 

Mr Nehemiah Waterman. Jur, , for Bozrah 

Mr Henry Champion 2d, Mr John Isham 2d, for Colchester 

Mr Eli Hyde, .for Franklin 

Mr Simeon Avery. Mr Robert Geer 2d, for Groton 

Mr Elisha Morgan , for Lisbon 

Mr Samuel Mather, Mr Elisha Way, for Lyme 

Mr Erastus Worthington , for Montville 

Mr Jonathan Brewster, Mr John Willson, for Preston 
Mr Latham Hull, Mr Elias S Palmer, for Stonington 
Mr Andrew Rowland. Mr Lewiss B Sturgiss. for Fairfield 
Mr Joseph M White, Mr Benja Hicock, for Danbury 

Mr Timothy Ruggles, , for Brookfield 

Mr John McKay, Mr William Knapp, for Greenwich 

Mr Elias Hawley, Mr David Nicoll. for Huntington 

Mr Stephen Barnes, Mr Amos Brush, for New Fairfield 

Mr William Edmond, Mr David Baldwin, for Newtown 

Mr Eliphalet Lockwood, Mr Samuel C. Silliman, for Norwalk 

Mr Thaddeus Benedict, Mr Aaron Barlow, for Reading 

Mr Joshua King. Mr William Forrester, for Ridgfield 

Mr Thaddeus Weed, Mr John Davenport, for Stamford 

Mr Samuel Wm Johnson, Mr Jabez H Tomlinson, for Stratford 

Mr John Sherwood, , for Weston 

Mr Shubael Abbe, Mr Timothy Larrabe, for Windham 
Mr Esek Saunders, Mr Thomas Huntington, for Ashford 

Mr Ebenezer Scarborough, , for Brooklyn 

Mr Moses Cleaveland, Mr Luther Payne, for Canterbury 
Mr Philip Pearl, for Hampton 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 189 

Mr Sampson Howe, Mr Silas Hutchins, for Killingley 
Mr Elkanah Tisdale, Mr Elisha Hutchinson, for Lebanon 
Mr Jonathan Hovey, Mr Nathl Atwood, for Manslield 
Mr Joshua Dunlap, Mr William Pierce, for Plainfield 
Mr Lemuel Grosvenor, Mr John Trowbridge, for Pomfret 

Mr Lemuel Dorrance, , for Sterling 

Mr Thaddeus Learned, for Thompson 

Mr Samuel Robbins, , for Voluntown 

Mr John Fox, Mr Ebenezer Smith, for Woodstock 
Mr John Allyn, Mr Ephraim Kirby, for Litchfield 

Mr David Bellamy, , for Bethlem 

Mr John Watson, Mr Charles Burrall Jr for Canaan 
Mr John Sedgwick, Mr Issac Swift, for Cornwall 
Mr Adino Hale, Mr Samuel Hopkins, for Goshen 
Mr Josiah Phelps, Mr Abner Willson. for Harwington 
Mr Uriel Holmes, Mr Israel Williams, for Hartland 

Mr John Eliott, , for Kent 

Mr Seth Spencer. Mr John Henderson, for New Hartford 
Mr Josiah Starr, Mr Noble Hine, for New Milford 
Mrs Asahel Humphry, Mr Nathaniel Stevens, for Norfolk 
Mr Hezekiah Fitch, Air Joshua Porter, for Salisbury 
Mr Samuel Canfield. Mr David Downs, for Sharon 

Mr Joel Hinman, for Southbury 

Mr Seth Wetmore, Mr William Battle, for Torrington 

Mr Ebenezer Tanner , for Warren 

Mr Daniel N Brinsmade, Mr Peter Sherman, for Washington 
Mr Elijah Woodward. Mr David Smith, for Watertown 

Mr Hewitt Hills, , for Winchester 

Mr Nathaniel Smith, Mr Samuel Orton, for Woodbury 

Mr Elijah Hubbard. Mr Samuel W Dana, for Middletown 

Mr Edward Selden, Mr Daniel Brainerd, for Haddam 

Mr Hezekiah Goodrich. Mr Chauncey Bulkley, for Chatham 

Mr Jonathan O Mosely, Mr Eliphalet Holmes, for East Haddam 

Mr Joseph Wilcox, Mr Abraham Pierson, for Killingworth 

Mr William Hart, Mr Jonathan Lay, for Saybrook 

Mr Daniel Edgerton, Mr Elijah Chapman Jun, for Tolland 

Mr Samuel Carver, Mr Saul Alvord. for Bolton 

Mr Jeremiah Ripley, Mr Nathaniel Root, for Coventry 

Mr Matthew Hyde, .for Ellington 

Mr Sylvester Gilbert. Mr Elijah House, for Hebron 
Mr Reuben Sikes, Mr Abel Pease, for Somers 
Mr John Phelps, Mr Jesse Cady, for Stafford 

, for Union 

Mr John Johnson, Mr Elisha Johnson, for Willington 

David Daggett Esquire Speaker ] of the House 
Samuel W Dana Esquire Clerk } of 

Roger Griswold Esquire Clerk j Representatives 



190 PUBLIC RECORDS October, 

An Act to Authorize the Governor in Certain Cases to alter the place for holding 
a Session of the General Assembly of the State.2 

Be it Enacted by the Governor Council and House of Representatives in 
General Court Assembled, That whenever the General Assembly shall 
be about to Convene, and from the prevalence of Contagious Sickness, or 
the existence of other Circumstances it would in the opinion of the Gov- 
ernor, be hazardous to the Lives or Health of the Members to meet at the 
place to which the General Assembly stands Adjourned or at which by 
Law they were next to meet, the Governor be and he is hereby Authorized 
by Proclamation to Convene the General Assembly at such other place 
within the State as he shall Judge proper 



An Act in alteration of An Act entitled An Act concerning the Dowry of 
Widows.3 

Be it Enacted by the Governor Council and House of Representatives 
in General Court Assembled, that in future the Assignment of Dower, 
according to the Provisions of said Act, shall be made by Order of the 
Judge of Probate to whom the Probate of the Will of the Deceased, or 
the Granting of Administration on his Estate appertains; any thing in 
said Act notwithstanding. 



An Act in addition to an Act entitled An Act in addition to and in alteration 
of a Law of this State, for Constituting and regulating Courts, and and [sic] 
appointing the Times and Places for holding the same. 

Be it Enacted by the Governor, Council and House of Representatives 
in General Court Assembled, That the Time for holding the Court of 
Common Pleas at Tolland in the County of Tolland, shall be the second, 
instead of the third Tuesday of September annually. 



An Act to repeal part of an Act entitled An Act for the direction of Listers in 
their Office and Duty. 

Be it Enacted by the Governor Council and House of Representatives 
in General Court Assembled, That such part of said Act, as exempts the 
Governor, Lieutenant Governor, and /\ssistants of this State from being 
set in the List be and the same is hereby Repealed. 



An Act in Alteration of An Act, entitled an Act for regulating Ferries. 

Be it Enacted by the Governor and Council and House of Representa- 
tives in General Court Assembled , That, the fare of Hurlburt Ferry shall 

2. The purpose of this act was to make unnecessary a meeting such as had just 
taken place at New Haven, where the yellow fever epidemic had made it necessary to 
adjourn the session to Middletown. See above, p. 186 note. 

3. Acts and Lazvs, 1784, pp. 42-43. This bill apparently originated in the Council ; 
sec Assembly Journal, Oct. 15, 1794. 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 191 

be as follows viz, for every Man, Horse and Load, six pence ; for every 
Man two pence ; for every Horse four pence ; for every Ox, or other Neat 
Kine six pence, every Sheep Swine or Goat three farthings, for every two 
Wheel Carriage, with One Man and draft Horse shall be double, and for 
every four Wheel Carriage One Man and draft Horse, treble the fare for 
a Man Horse and Load ; any Law tc the contrary notwithstanding. 

Resolved by this Assembly, That the Supreme Court of Errors be 
Authorized to meet at the Court House in Middletown on the fourteenth 
Day of Instant October, and their Session to hold at the same place, 
during the present Session of the General Assembly, and to take Cogniz- 
ance of all Causes brought before said Court, and proceed therein, in the 
same manner as if said Court had and might have been by Law Adjourned 
to Meet as aforesaid. 

Resoived by this Assembly that all holders of Evidences of Debt against 
this State may bring in and deposit with the Comptroller of Public Accounts 
all such Evidences and receive in satisfaction thereof transfers of the Debt 
due to this State from the United States in the manner and Sums herein 
after mentioned. That the Evidences of Debt so to be received shall be 
the following viz Notes Issued by the several Treasurers of this State 
computing Interest on such thereof as bear Interest up to the first Day 
of January which will be in the Year 1795 and reducing to their Specie 
value such thereof as are by Law liable to liquidation, Certificates Issued 
by William Imlay which have been acknowledged as Evidences of Debt 
against this State by An Act of Assembly passed in October 1793,^ and 
computing Interest thereon as aforesaid. Certificates for Interest on the 
Liquidated Debt of this State, Orders Issued by the late Committee of 
Pay Table and the several Comptrollers of Public Accounts subject to 
Liquidation in Cases where such Orders are unliquidated, Bills of Credit 
of this State emitted in the Year 1780 computing Interest thereon, accord- 
ing to the Tenor of the same. And Bills of Credit of this State emitted 
before the Year 1780, at the Rate of One Dollar for every forty Dollars 
thereof. That for every Hundred Dollars of the Liquidated Value of the 
said Notes Certificates, Orders and Bills of Credit principal and Interest 
due on the said first Day of January 1795, the said Comptroller be and 
he hereby is Authorized and Impowered to transfer to the Person Persons 
or Bodies Publick who shall so bring in and deposit the Evidences afore- 
said, of the Stock of the Debt due from the United States to this State, 
bearing an Interest of six per Centum per Annum from the said first Day 
of January in the Year 1793 forty four Dollars and forty four Cents of 
the Stock of the said Debt, bearing an Interest of six per Centum per 
Annum from the first Day of January which will be in the year 1801. 
twenty two Dollars and twenty two Cents, and of the Stock of the said 
Debt bearing an Interest of three per Centum per Annum, from the first 
Day of January which will be in the Year 1795, thirty three Dollars, and 

4. See above, p. 95. 



192 PUBLIC RECORDS October, 

thirty four Cents, and at and after that Rate for any greater or less sum. 
That in all Cases of transfers, which shall be made as aforesaid after 
an Interest hath accrued to this State on the said Debt due from the United 
States the said Comptroller shall draw an Order on the Treasurer of this 
State in favour of the Person or Persons so receiving such transfers, for 
so much Money as hath accrued to this State as Interest as aforesaid on 
such parts of the said Debt as shall be so transferred. 

Provided that no such Deposits and transfer shall be made as aforesaid 
untill the Congress of the United States shall have passed an Act enabling 
and Authorizing this State to transfer so much of the said Debt due from 
the United States to this State as shall be sufficient to discharge the public 
Debt of this State.^ 

This Assembly do appoint Jonathan Trumbull to be a Senator for this 
State in the Congress of the United States for the Term of six Years 
commencing on the fourth Day of March next.^ 

To the Honorable General Assembly of the State of Connecticut now 
sitting at Middletown 

5. This resolve authorized payment of state creditors by the federal government. 
The third h^an of Hamilton's funding act of 1/90, to the amount of $21,500,000, pro- 
vided for assumption of state debts. Subscriptions acceptable in certificates issued by 
the states for war purposes, were to be redeemed by the federal government at fixed 
rates of interest. "Each subscriber received three certificates, one for a sum equal 
to four-ninths of the subscribed sum with interest at six per cent ; another for two- 
ninths of the subscribed sum, to bear interest at six per cent after 1800, and the third 
certificate for the remaining three-ninths, bearing an interest of three per cent." By 
this act the federal government assumed $1,600,000 of Connecticut's debt. The 
remaining public debt of the state in 1791 was about $458,437. By the end of 1795, 
after the creditor states had received federal balances, Connecticut was entirely free 
of debt. The Aincricaii Mercury. Feb. 16, 1795, printed the assembly resolve of the 
previous October along with the act of Congress of Jan. 2, 1795 authorizing the 
transfer of state debts to the federal government within two years and a notice from 
from the state Comptroller's office, dated Feb. 10, informing the public that his office 
was then open for the reception of their paper. Assembly Journal, Oct. 11, 1794; 
American Merciirv. Feb. 16, 1795; D. R. Dewey, Financial History of the United 
States, 12th ed. (New York and London, 1939), pp. 94-95; B. U. Ratchford, 
American State Debts (Durham, North Carolina, 1941), pp. 52-76, and table 4. 

6. Jonathan Trumbull, 1740-1809, was a son of the famous Revolutionary governor 
of Connecticut. Born in Lebanon, he graduated from Harvard in 1759, received an 
M.A. in 1762, and then took up a political career in his native colony. He first 
served for five years as selectman in Norwich, then as representative in tlie colonial 
and state legislature, and, during the Revolution, as paymaster of the forces of the 
New York department. In the government of the Confederation he was comptroller 
of the treasury and secretary to General Washington. Elected representative to the 
first two Federal Congresses, he was in 1794 appointed U. S. senator to replace 
Stephen Mix Mitchell. This office he resigned in 1796 to become lieutenant governor 
of Connecticut, and when' Governor Wolcott died in 1797 he became governor. A 
staunch Federalist, his record as governor, until his death, was one of opposition to 
the Jeffersonian program and support of New England isolation. Dictionary of 
American Biography; Timothy Dwight, A Discourse Occasioned by the Death of His 
Excellency Jonathan Trumbull, Esq. Governor of the State of Connecticut . . . 
(New Haven, 1809). 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 193 

Your Honors Committee appointed to receive Sort and Count the Votes 
of the Freemen of this State, returned to this Assembly for Persons to 
serve as Representatives of the People of this State in the Congress of 
the United States, and declare the Names of the Persons Chosen according 
to Law, Report that pursuant to Our said appointment We have received 
Sorted and Counted said Votes and find that the following Persons are 
by said Freemen Chosen Representatives as aforesaid according to Law 
to wit 

Jonathan Trumbull 

Uriah Tracy 

James Hillhouse 

Joshua Coit j- Esquires 

Roger Griswold | 

Zephaniah Swift | 

Chauncey Goodrich J 

And have declared them duely Chosen Representatives of the People of 
this State in the Congress of the United States which will commence 
on the fourth Day of March 1795. 

Signed pr Order William Williams '^ 
In the Upper House read Accepted & Ordered to be Recorded 

Teste George Wyllvs Secrty 
In House of Representatives October 17 1794 Concurd 

Test Samuel W. Dana Clerk 

To the Honorable General Assembly now sitting at Middletown 

Your Honors Committee appointed to receive Sort and Count the 
Votes returned to this Assembly for Persons to stand in Nomination for 
Election for Assistants in May next. Report that the following persons 
are nominated for said purpose viz 

7. The Connecticut Journal. Oct. 22, and Connecticut Gazette, Oct. 23. give the list 
of votes on these men ; Jonathan Trumbull. 3575 : Uriah Tracy, 3414 ; James Hillhouse, 
ji382; Joshua Coit, 2948; Roger Griswold, 2778; Zephaniah Swift, 2667; Chauncey 
Goodrich, 1825. Several other nominees were defeated. 

On Jonathan Trumbull see note 6 above. On Uriah Tracy, see above pp. 20-21 ; on 
James Hillhouse, see Conn. State Records, VII, 175 note and below, p. 363 note; on 
Joshua Coit and Zephaniah Swift see above, pp. 96-97 note. 

Roger Griswold, 1762-1812. the son of Matthew and Ursula Wolcott Griswold, 
graduated from Yale in 1780, was admitted to the bar in 1782, and began practice 
in Norwich. He was a member of the Connecticut state legislature, f794 ; repre- 
sentative in Congress, 1795-1805; superior court and state supreme court judge 
1807-1809; lieutenant governor, 1809-1810; and governor, 1810-1812. He was an 
extreme Federalist and bitter opponent of Jefferson's policies. Dictionary of American 
Biography; F. B. Dexter, Biographical Sketches of the Graduates of Yale Colleae 
IV, 146-149. ^oucge, 

Chauncey Goodrich, 1759-1815, the son of the Rev. Elizur and Catherine Chauncey 
Goodrich, was born at Durham, Conn. He graduated from Yale in 1776, then studied 
law. He was a representative in the state legislature, 1792-1794; representative in 
Congress. 1795-1801; state councillor, 1802-1807; U.S. Senator. 1807-1813- lieu- 
tenant governor, 1813-1815; mayor of Hartford, 1813-1815. He was a staunch 
federalist, and in 1814 a member uf the Hartford Convention. Dictionary of 
American Biography; Dexter, ibid., Ill, 609-611. 



194 PUBLIC RECORDS October, 

Samuel Huntington Esqr Thomas Grosvenor Esqr 

William Williams Esqr Thomas Seymour Esqr 

Joseph P Cook Esqr Aaron Austin Esqr 

William Hillhouse Esqr Roger Griswold Esqr 

John Treadwell Esqr William Edmonds Esqr 

James Davenport Esqr Jeremiah Wadsworth Esqr 

Roger Newberry Esqr Nathaniel Smith Esqr 

Heman Swift Esqr David Dagget Esqr 

John Chandler Esqr John Allen Esqr 

Jonathan Ingersol Esqr Marvin Wait Esqr 

Middletown October 23 1794. Signed per Order James Davenport** 
In House of Representatives October 28th 1794. This Report is 
accepted Test Samuel W. Dana Clerk 

Concurred in the Upper House Test George Wyllys Clerk 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Committee appointed to make Sale 
of the Western Lands belonging to this State be and they are hereby 
directed not to proceed to Compleat any Contract with any Person or 
Persons for the transfer of these Lands, untill the rising of the General 
Assembly in May next.'' 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Company of Cavalry in the Towns 
of Midletown, Chatham and Berlin be annexed to and Constitute a part 
of the 7th Regiment of Cavalry. That the Company of Cavalry in the 
Towns of Lebanon and Hebron be annexed to and Constitute a part of 
the fifth Regiment of Cavalry, and that the Company of Cavalry in the 
Towns of Tolland Coventry Stafford Union and Willington be annexed 
to and Constitute a part of the first Regiment of Cavalry. 

And it is further Resolved that his Excellency the Captain General 
xA.uthorize the raising One or more new Company or Companies of Cavalry 
as he shall Judge expedient in the Limits of any Brigade to Compleat a 
Regiment of Cavalry consisting of four Companies to a Brigade. 

Whereas it is represented to this Assembly by a number of the Soldiers 
lately belonging to the second fourth and fifth Connecticut Regiments in 
the Army of the United States that the Ballances due to them for their 
Services in said Army have never been paid and that John Sherman who 

8. The American Mercury, Nov. 3, and Connecticut Jounml, Nov. 6, give the 
votes on these men: Jonathan Ingersoll, 4606; Thomas Grosvenor. 4168; Roger 
Griswold, 3603; John Chandler, 3462; Heman Swift, 3107; William Edmond, 2844; 
Aaron Austin, 2736; John Treadwell, 2688; Jeremiah Wadsworth. 2585; Nathaniel 
Smith, 2527 ; William Hillhouse, 2485 ; Joseph P. Cook, 2456 ; David Daggett, 2378 ; 
Roger Newberry, 2367; John Allen, 2325; James Davenport, 2210; Samuel Hunt- 
ington, 2137; Marvin Wait, 2017; Thomas Seymour, 2000; William Williams, 1998. 
The American Mercury lists sixty-five others who polled votes but did not succeed 
in getting on the list of nominations. The order given here is not that of the nominat- 
ing list. The two men polling the greatest number of votes, and John Chandler, 
polling the fourth largest, were the three men who had voted for repeal of the appro- 
priation act in May. 

9. See above, p. 145, Assembly Journal, Oct. 29. 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 195 

was appointed Agent by Congress to receive the final Settlement Notes 
for said Ballances has neglected to pay out the Sum so received by him 
to the Amount of sixteen thousand nine hundred & ninety Dollars, and 
that said Sherman has become poor and wholly unable to pay any part of 
said Sum, and that said Soldiers are without redress unless releived by 
this Assembly or by the Congress of the United States 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Senators and Representatives of 
this State be and they are hereby requested to Use their Influence, that 
effectual provision be made by the Congress of the United States for the 
Payment of said Ballances. 

This Assembly do appoint Samuel Wyllys & Hezekiah Bissell Esqrs, 
together with the Comptroller to Audit and adjust the Public Accounts 
with the Treasurer to the thirtieth Day of April next inclusive and Rejxjrt 
make to the General Assembly to be holden in May next. 

This Assembly do appoint Abraham Pettibone Esqr to be Lieutenant 
Colonel Commdt of the 15th Regiment of Militia of this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Ezra Wait Esqr Lieut Colonel Command- 
ant of the thirty third Regiment of Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Solomon Cowles Esqr to be a Major of the 
15th Regiment of Mihtia in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Thomas Anderson Esqr Major of the 33d 
Regiment of Mihtia in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Lebbeus Larrabee Esqr to be Major of the 
fifth Regiment of Militia of this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Edmond Curtiss Junr Esqr to be Major 
of the twenty eight Regiment of Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Munsel to be Ensign of the seventh 
Company of Militia in the 20th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Thaddeus Cook to be Captain of the fourth 
Company of Militia in the 8th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish William Cogswell to be Lieutenant of the 
fourth Company of Militia in the 8th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elisha Lester to be Ensign of the 4th 
Company of Militia in the 8th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathaniel Pomeroy to be Captain of the 
first Company of Militia in the 31 Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do estabHsh Timothy Phelps to be Lieut of the 1st 
Company of Militia in the 31st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Morehouse Cooley to be Lieutenant of 
the 6th Company of Militia in the 4th Regiment in this State. 



196 PUBLIC RECORDS Octobcr, 

This Assembly do establish Hezekiah Dickman to be Ensign of the 
6th Company of MiHtia in the 4th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Ezra Gilbert ^° to be Ensign of the third 
Company of Militia in the 33d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Timothy Liston to be Ensign of the first 
Company of Militia in the 20th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Wyman Parker to be Captain of the ninth 
Company of Militia in the 12th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John W Parker to be Lieutenant of the 
9th Company of INIilitia in the 12th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Bartholomew Turner to be Ensign of the 
9th Company of Militia in the 12th Regiment. 

This Assembly do establish John Hanford to be Captain of the 5th 
Company of Militia in the 34th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Matthias St John to be Lieutenant of the 
5th Company of Militia in the 34th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Levi Lusk to be Captain of the sixth 
Company of Militia in the 6th Regiment in this State. ^^ 

This Assembly do establish Robert Wells Junr to be Lieutenant of the 
6th Company of Militia in the 6th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Levi Wells to be Ensign of the sixth 
Company of Militia in the 6th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Roger Riley to be Captain of the 4th Troop 
in the 7th Regiment of Cavalry in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Sampson Hunt to be first Lieutenant of the 
4th Troop in the 7th Regiment of Cavalry in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Elisha Williams to be second Lieutenant 
of the 4th Troop in the 7th Regiment of Cavalry in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Seth Martin to be Captain of the first Troop 
in the 8th Regiment of Cavalry in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Friend Clark to be first Lieutenant of the 
first Troop in the 8th Regiment of Cavalry in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Oliver Parmelee J r to be 2d Lieutenant of 
the first Troop in the 8th Regiment of Cavalry in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Billy Ambler to be Cornet of the first Troop 
in the 8th Regiment of Cavalry in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Simeon Mitchell to be 2d Lieutenant of the 
4th Troop in the 8th Regiment of Cavalry in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Stephen Chittenden Junr to be Cornet of 
the 4th Troop in the 8th Regiment of Cavalry in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Aaron Case 2d to be Lieutenant of the first 
Company of Militia in the 18th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Amaziah Humphry to be Captain of the 
first Company of Militia in the 18th Regiment in said State. 

10. A mistake for Ezra Gillett; see below, p. 270. 

11. The commission issued to Levi Lusk, and the two following, to Robert Wells, 
Jr., and Levi Wells, were all in the fifth, not the sixth company of the sixth regiment. 
See below, p. 269. 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 197 

This Assembly do establish Noah A Phelps to be Captain of the third 
Company of Militia in the 18th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do appoint Phineas Nobles to be Lieutenant of the third 
Company of Miltia in the 18th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Reuben Fuller to be Ensign of the third 
Company of Militia in the 18th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Uriah Haydon 2d, to be Ensign of the 4th 
Company of Militia in the 7th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish John PhiHps to be Captain of the 4th 
Company of Militia in the 19th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Isaac Hills to be Lieutenant of the 4th 
Company of Militia in the 19th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Moses Ensign to be Ensign of the 4th 
Company of Militia in the 19th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Friend Smith to be Lieutenant of the third 
Company of Militia in the 13th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Jones to be Captain of the 10th 
Company of Militia in the 7th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Dan Piatt 2d to be Lieutenant of the 10th 
Company of Militia in the 7th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish George Clark 2d to be Ensign of the 10th 
Company of Militia in the 7th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Hezekiah Betts to be Lieutenant of the 
first Company of Militia in the 34th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish A\'illiam Fitch to be Ensign of the first 
Company of Militia in the 34th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Ithemar Cooley to be Ensign of the first 
Company of Militia in the first Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Bradford Jur to be Ensign of the 
7th Company of Militia in the third Regimant in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Stephen Wood to be Ensign of the third 
Company of Militia in the 34th Regiment in said State. 

This .\ssembly do establish Benjamin Meeker to be Ensign of the 5th 
Company of Militia in the 4th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Abner Newton to be Lieutenant of of [sic] 
the 6th Company of Militia in the 25th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Sutliff to be Ensign of the 6th 
Company of Militia in the 25th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Maxley to be Captain of the third 
Company of Militia in the 8th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Ralph Hurlburt to be Ensign of the third 
Company of Militia in the 8th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Chester to be Captain of the second 
Company of Militia in the 8th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Stephen Morgan 2d to be Lieutenant of 
the 2d Company of Militia in the 8th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Gordon Ledyard to be Ensign of the 
2d Company of Militia in the 8th Regiment in this State. 



198 PUBLIC RECORDS October, 

This Assembly do establish Martin Smith to be Captain of the third 
Company in the 6th Regiment of Cavalry in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Chauncey Seymour to be first Lieutenant 
of the third Company in the 6th Regiment of Cavalry in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Benjamin Wells to be 2d Lieutenant of 
the third Company in the 6th Regiment of Cavalry in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Amasa Bradley to be Captain of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 2d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Asa Atwater to be Lieutenant of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 2d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elias Hotchkiss to be Ensign of the 
7th Company of Militia in the 2d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish W^illard Child Captain of a Grenadier 
Company in the 11th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Timothy Child to be Lieutenant of a 
Grenadier Company in the 11th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish William Sawyer to be Ensign of a Grenadier 
Company in the 11th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Eli Rowe to be Lieutenant of the 4th 
Company of Militia in the 15th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Amos Ives to be Ensign of the 4th Company 
of Militia in the 15th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jesse Foot to be Captain of the 11th 
Company of Militia in the 22d Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Simeon Dimick to be Lieutenant of the 
1 1th Company of Militia in the 22d Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Ebenezer Chubbuck Junr to be Ensign 
of the 11th Company of Militia in the 22d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Handley Bushnel Junr to be 1st Lieutenant 
of the 2d Troop in the second Regiment of Cavalry in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jonathan W^illiams to be 2d Lieutenant of 
the 2d Troop in the second Regiment of Cavalry in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Noah Benton Junr to be Cornet of the 
second Troop in the second Regiment of Cavalry in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Ballford to be Captain of the second 
Company of Militia in the 13th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Asa Osborn to be Lieutenant of the second 
Company of Militia in the 13th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Hezekiah Hine to be Ensign of the 2d 
Company of Militia in the 13th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Gray to be Captain fo the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 4th Regiment in' said State. 

This Assembly do establish Albin Bradley to be Lieutenant of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 4th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Miles Marwin to be Ensign of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 4th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Philo Lyon to be Captain of the 8th Com- 
pany of Militia in the 4th Regiment in said State. 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 199 

This Assembly do establish Lazarus Hull to be Lieutenant of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 4th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Street Richards to be Captain of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 26th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Mark Warner to be Lieutenant of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 26th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Twichel to be Ensign of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 26th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do estabhsh John Brainerd to be Captain of the 6th 
Company of Militia in the 7th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Stephen Bailey 2d to be Lieutenant of the 
6th Company of Militia in the 7th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Giles Brainerd to be Ensign of the 6th 
Company of Militia in the 7th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Abel Thorp to be Captain of the 3d Com- 
pany of Militia in the 35th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish John Briston to be Lieutenant of the 3d 
Company of Militia in the 35th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish William Southworth to be Lieutenant of 
the 8th Company of Militia in the 7th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Edward Allen Leet to be Ensign of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 7th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly Nehemiah Gaylord Junr to be Captain of the 2d 
Company in the 6th Regiment of Cavalry in said State. 

This Assembly do establish David Thomson to be 1st Lieutenant of the 
2d Company of Cavalry in the 6th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish William Grant Junr to be 2d Lieutenant 
of the 2d Company of Cavalry in the 6th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Erastus Thrall to be Cornet of the 2d 
Company of Cavalry in the 6th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Allyn to be Lieutenant of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 1st Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Hezekiah Parsons Junr to be Ensign of 
the 7th Company of Militia in the first Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathan Blodget to be Ensign of the 3d 
Company of Militia in the 24th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Stephen Woodward to be Captain of the 
third Company of Militia in the second Regiment of Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Russell to be Lieutenant of the third 
Company of Militia in the second Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Amos Bradley to be Ensign of the third 
Company of Militia in the second Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish David Keeler to be Captain of the 2d Com- 
pany of Militia in the 34th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Isaac Olmsted to be Lieutenant of the 2d 
Company of Militia in the 34th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do estabhsh Nathan Dauchy Junr to be Ensign of the 
2d Company of Militia in the 34th Regiment in this State. 



200 PUBLIC RECORDS Octobcr, 

This Assembly do establish Nehemiah Hanford to be Captain of the 
6th Company of Militia in the 34th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish David Street to be Lieutenant of the 6th 
Company of Militia in the 34th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Enos Waterbury to be Ensign of the first 
Company of Militia in the ninth Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Amos Snow to be Ensign of the 4th 
Company of Militia in the 5th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Bennet Pickett to be Ensign of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 29th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Seth Bishop to be Lieutenant of the third 
Company of Militia in the 27th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish James Daviss to be Ensign of the 3d 
Company of Militia in the 27th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Timothy Stone to be Ensign of the first 
Company of Militia in the 27th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Piatt Bennett to be Ensign of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 4th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Benjamin Hanks Junr to be Captain of a 
Matross Company in the 5th Regiment in Said State. 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Jones to be first Lieutenant of a 
Matross Company in the 5th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Eliphaley Dyer Junr to be 2d Lieutenant 
of a Matross Company in the 5th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Job Smith to be Captain of a Matross 
Company in the 34th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Josiah Thacher Junr to be first Lieutenant 
of a Matross Company in the 34th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Stebbins 2d Lieutenant of a Matross 
Company in the 34th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Lawrence to be Captain of a Matross 
Company in the 11th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Aholiab Johnson to be Captain Lieut of a 
Matross Company in the 11th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Bushnel Hibbard to be Lieutenant of a 
Matross Company in the 11th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Oliver Leavins to be Lieut Fi^^eworker of 
a Matross Company in the 1 1th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Isaac Jones to be Cornet of the 3d Troop 
in the 6th Regiment of Cavalry in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Elislia Swan to be Captain of the 3d Troop 
in the 3d Regiment of Cavalry in said State. 

This Assembly do establish William Brown to be Lieutenant of the 
third Troop in the 3d Regiment of Cavalry in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Isaac Hewett to be Cornet of the 3d Troop 
in the 3d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jesse Holcoml) to be Captain of a Company 
of Light Infantry in the 18th Regiment in this State. 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 201 

This Assembly do establish Butler Pinney to be Lieutenant of a 
Company of Light Infantry in the 18th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Barnum to be Captain of the 3d 
Company of Militia in the lO Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Russell White to be Lieutenant of the 3d 
Company of Militia in the 16th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Asa Bouton to be Ensign of the third 
Company of Militia in the iOth Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Cowle to be Captain of the 3d 
Troop in the 8th Regiment of Cavalry in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Ldmond Lockwood to be 1st Lieutenant 
of the 3d Troop in the 8th Regiment of Cavalry in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Obadiah Warner to be 2d Lieutenant of 
the 3d Troop in the 8th Regiment of Cavalry in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Glazier to be Cornet of the 3d troop 
in the 8th Regiment of Cavalry in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Lli Wilcox to be Captain of the 5th Com- 
pany of Militia in the 23d Regiment in this State. 

Ihis Assembly do establish Selah Savage to be Lieutenant of the 5th 
Company of Militia in the 23d Regiment in this State. 

Ihis Assembly do establish Simeon North to be Ensign of the 5th 
Company of Militia in the 2od Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Benjamin Gilbert to be Captain of the 3d 
Company of Militia in the 23d Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish John Prout to be Lieutenant of the 3d 
Company of Militia in the 23d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Cotton to be Ensign of the 3d 
Company of Alilitia in the 23d Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Elisha Wells to be Captain of the first 
Troop in the first Regiment of Cavalry in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Elisha Allen to be 1st Lieutenant of the 
1st Troop in the first Regiment of Cavalry in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Aaron Cadwell to be 2d Lieutenant of the 
1st Troop in the first Regiment of Cavalry in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Jonah Phelps to be Cornet of the 1st Troop 
in the first Regiment of Cavalry in said State. 

This Assembly do establish David Richardson Jun to be Captain of 
the 5th Company of Militia in the 31st Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Seth Dwight to be Lieutenant of the 5th 
Company of Militia in the 31st Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Oliver Hall to be Ensign of the 5th Com- 
pany of Militia in the 3ist Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish J ohn Strong to be Cornet of the 4th Troop 
in the 7th Regiment of Cavalry in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Solomon Tallmadge to be Captain of the 
first Troop in the 2d Regiment of Cavalry in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Timothy Higgins to be first Lieutenant 
of the first Troop in the 2d Regiment of Cavalry in said State. 



202 PUBLIC RECORDS October, 

This Assembly do establish Richard Treat to be second Lieutenant 
of the first Troop in the 2d Regiment of Cavalry in said State. 

This Assembly do establis Ebenezer Linsley Junr to be Cornet of the 
first Troop in the 2d Regiment of Cavalry in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Jonathan Stoddard Whitman to be Captain 
of the 5th Company of Militia in the 15th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish David Turney to be 2d Lieutenant of the 
3d Troop in the 4th Regiment of Cavalry in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Lyman Edwards to be Cornet of the 3d 
Troop in the 4th Regiment of Cavalry in said State. 

This Assembly do establish John Rider to be Captain of the Danbury 
Company of Artillery in the 16th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Adam Stoddard Clark to be first Lieutenant 
of the Danbury Company of Artillery in the 16th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathan Dibble to be second Lieutenant 
of the Danbury Company of Artillery in the 16th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Oliver Comstock to be Captain of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the third Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Bradford Junr to be Lieutenant 
of the 7th Company of Militia in the third Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Azel Rogers to be Ensign of the 7th Com- 
pany of Militia in the third Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Willard to be Captain of the second 
Troop in the second Regiment of Cavalry in this State. 

Whereas the General Assembly of this State at their Sessions in May 
last, on the petition of Elias Woodward and others Inhabitants of the 
Towns of Plainfield and Preston Praying said Assembly for a Committee 
to View the Post Road from the dwelling House of Samuel Smith in 
Preston, to the dwelling House of John Welch in Plainfield with a pro- 
posed alteration in said Post Road, and make Report to this Assembly, 
did appoint a Committee to repair to and view said proposed alteration 
in said Post Road and Reoort their Opinion thereon ^~ which Report 
hath been made to and accepted by this .Vssembly and on File. 

Resolved by this Assembly that Ezra Bishop Daniel Frost and Eleazer 
Moffat Esqrs, be a Committe and they are hereby appointed a Committee 
to view and lay out the alterations mentioned in said Report to be necessary 
to be made in the Highway leading from Samuel Smith in Preston to 
John Welch in Plainfield, which are ; first to ly on the North side of the 
Highway near Philip Olin's House to begin near the East End of said 
House and to extend easterly till it comes into the Open Road again about 
30 or 40 Rods ; 2d, Alteration to begin on the Top of the Hill 60 or 70 
Rods Southerly from Oliver Waltons House in the East Line of the 
Highway thence to extend Northerly across the Land of William Cogs- 
well and said Walton, and to come into the Highway again near said 
Waltons House, and also to extend Northerly to take part of said 
Waltons Orchard West of the Road. 3d Alteration to be made West side 



12. See above, pp. 68, 170. 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 203 

of the Road on the Land of Daniel Bennet. 4th Alteration to be made on 
the East side of said Highway on the Lands belonging to the Heirs of 
Zebulon Bennet Deed, about 100 Rods Southerly of the dwelling House 
belonging to said Heirs and also one other Alteration North side of said 
Highway Easterly of said dwelling House to extend across the Brook 
and on Ridge Hill into said Highway again. 5th Alteration to be on the 
West Side of the Highway on the Ridge Hill so called on the Land of 
Daniel Bennet and Peleg Fry, And Assess such Damages to the Owners 
of the Land on which such alteration shall be made if any be, as they shall 
Judge Just, after giving reasonable Notice of their Meeting to the Select 
Men of the Town of Preston and all persons concerned, And make return 
of their Doings to this Assembly or to the Assembly to be holden at 
Hartford in May next, the Committee to be at the Cost of the Petitioners.'^ 

Amount of the List for the several Counties in the State of Connecticut 
the Town of New Haven excepted 

Hartford County i268240 5 4 
New Haven County Do 196317 4 >4 

New London Do 195980 16 3 >4 

Fairfield Do 251728 7 1 % 

Windham Do 200779 8 10 >^ 

Litchfield Do 268925 13 6 

Middlesex Do 125608 6 11 

Tolland Do 100126 9 8 



£1607706 11 8 ^ 
To the Honble House of Representatives now sitting, Your Committee 
appointed to receive the Lists from the several Towns & to make up the 
Grand List of the State, respectfully Report that such Lists are according 
to the Statement herewith presented. 

Solomon Cowles ] 

Abel Burritt | 

John Wilson | 

T-> .. J ^7M-jii *. Benjamin Hickox 

Dated at Middletown t t-> /- 

O fh ^OtVi 1794 Lemuel Dorrance }■ Committee 

John Elliott | 

Daniel Brainerd | 

Nathaniel Root J 

1794 Octobr 30th In the House of Representatives the within Report 
is accepted Test R Oris wold Clerk 

Concurrd in the Upper House Test George Wyllys Secretary 

Whereas by Reason of the Sickness lately prevalent in New Haven the 
Listers of that Town have failed to make Return to this Assembly of the 
List of Polls & Rateable Estate as by Law required 



13. This road in May 1795 became the New Lxjndon and Windham Turnpike; 
see below, p. 219-20, 286-88. 



204 PUBLIC RECORDS Octobcr, 

Resolved by tJiis Assembly that the List of the Town of New Haven 
with an Account of the Assesments and Abatements Authorized by Law 
as also the Certificate that such Listers were duely sworn, may be returned 
to the General Assembly to be holden in May next and such Abatements 
& Assesments may be made at any Time previous to the first Day of 
December next. 

\Miereas the Committee appointed by the General Assembly in October 
A D 1793, to make up the List returned to said Assembly from the several 
Towns, did through Mistake add the Assesment for the Tovv-n of Killing- 
worth, to the Sum Total as returned by the Listers, in which said Asses- 
ment was included, by which Alistake, the Assesment for said Town, 
amounting to £456.0.0 is added twice, and the Treasurer has Issued his 
Warrant against said Town accordingly, which Facts appear on compar- 
ing the Report of said Committee and the Treasurers \\arrant with the 
return of the List from said Town, 

therefore Resolved by this Assembly that the Treasurer l;e directed to 
Abate from the List of the said Town of Killingworth as returned to the 
Assembly in October 1793 the aforesaid Sum of £456 and settle the Tax 
with the Collector of said Town accordingly. 

Whereas the Legislature at their Session in May last, appointed the 
Honble Thomas Seymour and Chauncey Goodrich. & Gideon Granger 
Junr Esqrs, a Committee to enquire what efi:'ect the Dam lately erected 
across Connecticut River at South Hadley will probably have upon the 
Fishing in said River, and to Report the same with their Opinion thereon 
to this Assembly,^'* and said Committee have attended to said appoint- 
ment but are not sufficiently informed to Report at present, 

Therefore Resolved by this Assembly that said Committee be and they 
are hereby directed to enquire and Report make, according to said Reso- 
lution past last May to the Assembly in May next. 

Resolved by this Assembly That the Inhabitants of the Town of Granby 
in the County of Hartford be and they are hereby Authorized and Ini- 
powered on the Days appointed by Law in this State for holding Freemans 
Meetings to Choose two Representatives to Represent said Town in the 
General Assembly of this State any Law or Usage to the contrary 
notwithstanding.^'"' 

Resolved bx this Assembly That the Treasurer be directed to Borrow 
on the Credit of the State a Sum sufficient to enable him to discharge 
the Debenture of the present Assembly. And that the Secretary transmit 
him an Authentic Copy of this Resolve. 

Upon the Memorial of Josiah Patterson and Mary Patterson his Wife 
of Canaan in the State of New York & Noah Amherst Phelps of Symsbury 

14. See above, p. 144 and note. 

15. By the act of incorporation of Oct. 1786 Granby had been given only one 
representative in the General Assembly. Conn, ^itatc Records, VI, 258-259. 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 205 

in the County of Hartford, as he is Guardian to Timothy Woodbridge the 
Younger of said Canaan a Minor, Shewing to this Assembly that the 
said Timothy is the Owner of fifty Acres and three Quarters of Land 
in said Symsbury, devised to and distributed to him ; that said Land is 
distant from and of little Profit to the said Minor, Praying for Liberty 
to sell said Land for the Benefit of said Minor, the said Mary being the 
Mother of said Minor &c as pr Memorial &c 

Resolved by this Assembly that the said Josiah Patterson be and he is 
hereby fully Impowered and Authorized to make Sale of the said Lands 
of said Minor with the advice and under the direction of the Judge of 
Probate for the District of Symsbury. and to give a Deed thereof, to the 
Purchaser or Purchasers which shall be valid in the Law he the said 
Josiah having first given and lodged his Bond with a sufficient surety 
"in this State to the Judge of said District to account for the Avails of 
said Land when sold and the Interest thereof, for the benefit of said Minor 
when he shall arrive to full Age. 

On the Petition of Samuel Doud of Sharon in Litchfield Coutny, 
Shewing to this Assembly that he is now about sixty six Years of Age 
and once a man of affluence, that he hath always been industrious but 
by a course of Misfortunes he is now rendered unable to pay all his Just 
and Honest Debts, that he is now Imprisoned for Debt in Litchfield Goal 
labouring under many bodily Infirmities Praying for an Act of Insolvency 
in his favour as pr Petition on file dated the 13th Day of September 1794. 
The Creditors of said Samuel the Major part of whom in number and 
value, concurrd with him in said Petition, having been Notified did not 
appear to object to the Granting of said Petition, 

Resolved by this Assembly that the said Samuel Doud upon delivering 
up on Oath all his property of every kind, except necessary wearing 
Apparel for himself and Family, and such Articles of Household Furni- 
ture as by Law are exempt from Execution, into the Hands of Trustees 
hereafter' named, for the benefit of his Creditors, shall be released^ and 
discharged from his said Imprisonment for Debt, and from any Imprison- 
ment for or by reason of any Debt by him Contracted prior to the 13th 
Day of September A D 1794, And the said Samuel is protected, from 
all Arrests or Imprisonment on mesne process or Execution for or on 
Account of any Debt by him Contracted prior to said 13th Day of 
September for and during the Term allowed to said Trustees to settle 
said Estate, and execute their Trust, And that David Downes Esqr.. 
Isaac Pardee Esqr, and Augustus Taylor Esqr, all of said Sharon, be 
and they are hereby appointed Trustees to receive the Property and 
Estate of said Samuel Doud, who being sworn to a faithful discharge 
of said Trust, shall receive from said Doud, all his Property and Estate, 
to be by them disposed of at public Auction or otherwise, as they shall 
Judge most beneficial for his Creditors, and the Avails thereof pay to 
"said Creditors in proportion to their respective Debts or Demands ; And 
the said Samuel shall within one ]\Ionth from the 30th Day of instant 
October, deliver to said Trustees under Oath, all his Property & Estate 



206 PUBLIC RECORDS October, 

for the purposes aforesaid, and assign the same to them, and if he fail so 
to do, this Act shall be void, and said Trustees are hereby Authorized 
and Impowered in their own Names to sue for and recover all Debts 
due to said Doud, and said Trustees shall within One Month after said 
Doud shall deliver up his Estate in Conformity to this Act, give publick 
Notice in the Litchfield Gazette that they are appointed Trustees on said 
Estate, and request all persons to bring in their Demands to them against 
said Doud within six Months from the Date of said Notice and in Case 
any Dispute shall arise respecting any Demand brought in to said Trustees, 
against said Doud. said Trustees or the Major part of them, after having 
Given the parties reasonable Notice of the Time and place where they 
will hear them respecting said Disputed Demands shall proceed to hear 
them and shall have Authority finally to decide upon and determine 
such Demands, And said Trustees shall within One Year from said 30th 
Day of October instant distribute to and amongst said Creditors whose 
Debts are allowed their respective proportion of the Avails of such 
Estate according to the Amount of their respective Debts and Demands 
after deducting therefrom the reasonable Charge and Expences attending 
the Execution of said Trust, and he the said Samuel Doud having fully 
complied with this Act shall ever after be exonerated and discharged 
from all Debts and Demands for or on Account of any Contract or 
indebtedness of him the said Samuel prior to said 13th Day of September 
1794, And a Certificate thereof under the Hands of said Trustees or the 
Major part of them shall be Conclusive Evidence of such Compliance, 
And this Act may be pleaded by said Doud in any Court of Law or 
Equity in this State. 

On the Petition of Oliver Woodrufif of Litchfield in the County of 
Litchfield Shewing to this Assembly that by reason of sickness in his 
Family and a train of unavoidable Misfortunes and Losses he has become 
so far reduced in his Property that he is unable to pay and satisfy his 
Just and Honest Debts, that he hath a Wife suffering under continual 
Weakness and infirmity who hath been Confined to her Bed the greatest 
part of the Time for several Years and a Family of small Children who 
depend wholly for their daily support upon his Labour and Industry, that 
he is now confined in Litchfield County Goal, for Debt and his Family 
left to the Mercy of their humane & generous Neighbours for daily Sub- 
sistance Praying for an Act of Insolvency in his favour as pr Pteition on 
file Dated the 13th Day of September 1794. The Creditors of said Wood- 
ruff more than three fourths of whom in number and value Concurd 
with him in said Petition, having been Notified &: being called did not 
appear or object to the Granting of said Petition. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the said Oliver WoodrufiF upon deliver- 
ing upon Oath all his Property of every kind except necessary wearing 
Apparel for himself and Family and such Articles of Household Furniture 
as by Law are exempt from Execution into the Hands of Trustees here- 
after named for the Benefit of his Creditors shall be released and dis- 
charged from his said Imprisonment for Debt & from any Imprisonment 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 207 

for or by reason of any Debt by him Contracted prior to the 13th of 
Septembr 1794, And the said Oliver is protected from all Arrests or 
Imprisonment on Mesne Process or Execution for or on Account of any 
Debt by him Contracted prior to said 13th Day of September for and 
during the Term allowed to said Trustees to settle said Estate and execute 
their said Trust. And that Moses Seymour, Roger P Whittlesey and 
Ozias Lewiss all of said Litchfield, be and they are hereby oppointed 
Trustees to receive the Property and Estate of said Oliver Woodruff 
who being sworn to a faithful discharge of said Trust shall receive from 
said Woodruff all his Property and Estate to be by them disposed of at 
public Auction or otherwise as they shall Judge most beneficial for his 
Creditors, and the Avails thereof pay to said Creditors in proportion to 
their respective Debts or Demands, And the said Oliver Woodruff shall 
within One Month from the 30th Day of Instant October, deliver to said 
Trustees under Oath all his Property and Estate for the purposes afore- 
said, and if he fail so to do this Act shall be void, And said Trustees are 
hereby Authorized and Impowered in their own Names to sue for and 
recover all Debts due to said Woodruff & said Trustees shall within One 
Month after said Woodruff shall deliver up his Estate in Conformity to 
this Act give Publick Notice in the Litchfield Gazette that they are 
appointed Trustees on said Estate and request all Persons to bring in 
their Demands to them against said Woodruff within six Months from 
the Date of said Notice, And in Case any Dispute shall arise respecting 
any Demand brought in to said Trustees against said Woodruff said 
Trustees or the Major part of them after having Given the Parties 
reasonable Notice of the Time and Place where they will hear them 
respecting such disputed Demands shall proceed to hear them and shall 
have Authority finally to decide upon and determine such Demands, and 
said Trustees shall within one Year from said 30th Day of October 
instant distribute to and amongst said Creditors whose Debts are allowed 
their respective proportion of the Avails of such Estate, according to 
the Amount of their respective Debts and Demands after deducting there- 
from the reasonable Charge & Expences attending the Execution of said 
Trust; And the said Oliver Woodruff having fully Complied with this 
Act shall ever after be exonerated and discharged from all Debts and 
Demands for or on Account of any Contract or indebtedness of him the 
said Oliver prior to the said 13th Day of September A D 1794. And a 
Certificate hereof under the Hands of said Trustees, or the Major part 
of them shall be Conclusive Evidence of such Compliance, And this Act 
may be pleaded by said Woodruff in any Court of Law or Equity in this 
State. 

Upon the Memorial of James Wadsworth, Simeon Parsons, Samuel 
Camp, Elnathan Camp & Jeremiah Butler Select Men of Durham in the 
County of New Haven Shewing to this Assembly, that Samuel Squire 
late of Durham Deceasd was married to Sarah Hale and that said Samuel 
at his Death was seized of a small real Estate, one third of which was 
set out to said Sarah as her Dower, that said Sarah has since become 



208 PUBLIC RECORDS October, 

very Old and Infirm and that the said Town of Durham have been Obliged 
to expend out of the Treasury thereof for the support of said Sarah to the 
Amount of £10.2.0, and that said Sarah has no Relations able to aiTord any 
support to the said Sarah Praying for Releif as pr Memorial on file, 

Whereon Resolved by fJiis Assembly that the Memorialists have Liberty 
and liberty and power is hereby Granted them to Sell so much of the Land 
owned by the said Samuel at his Death, set out to the said Sarah as afore- 
said, as will be sufiicient to raise the said Sum of i 10.2.0 lawfull money 
with the incident Charges, for the Use of said Town, And that the Me- 
morialists have full power to make a Conveyance in fee thereof which 
shall be good and efifectual in Law. 

Upon the iMemorial of the Inhabitants of the Town of Windsor Praying 
that they may be Authorized and Impowered to make Bye Laws for 
regulating and restraining Neat Cattle, Horses Asses Mules and Geese ; 

Be it Enacted by the Governor and Council and House of Representa- 
tives in General Court Assembled, that the Inhabitants of said Town at 
their lawfull Town Meeting, shall have Power and Authority to make Bye 
Laws for restraining the aforesaid Creatures or any of them from going 
at large on the Highvv^ays and Commons in said Windsor & for regulating 
said Creatures, or any of them, that shall be suffered to go at large as 
aforesaid. 

Provided nevertheless that the penalty for one Offense against any such 
Bye Laws shall not exceed the Sum of Twenty Shillings, And that all such 
Bye Laws shall be subject to a Repeal by the County Court for Hartford 
County ; x\nd that no Bye Law made by said Town shall be in force, till 
after a Session of said Court, which shall be next after the making such 
Bye Law, nor untill such Bye Law be published three Weeks in one of the 
News Papers printed in Hartford. 

Upon the Memorial of Jonathan Lay of Saybrook Middlesex County, 
Shewing to this Assembly that he is Guardian to James Murdock a 
Minor in the nineteeth Year of his Age, That said Minor is possessed in 
Joint Tenancy of a Right in fee to one half part of a dwelling House Barn 
and Store, and also of about fifty Acres of Land in the third Society of said 
Saybrook some part of which is Subject to the incumbrance of the Widows 
Dower, and that said Minor is now a Student in Yale College, and has no 
Interest but said Premises, Praying for Liberty to sell said Premises, 
Praying for Liberty to sell said Premises for the purpose of compleating 
said Minors Collegiate Education, as per Memorial on file. Dated at Mid- 
dletown 25th of October 1794. 

Resolved by this Assembly that Jonathan Lay have Liberty and Liberty 
is hereby Granted unto him to Sell said Minors Moiety of said House Barn 
& Land with the Incumbrance of Widows Dower, and give a good and 
Authentick Warrantee Deed or Deeds thereof taking the Direction of the 
Court of Probate for the District of Saybrook therein. 

Provided that he give Bond with Surety to the acceptance of said Court 
to apply so much of the Avails of said Lands & Tenements in the Collegiate 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 209 

Education of said Minor as may be necessary for that purpose and pay 
over to said Minor the Surpkis when he shall arrive at full ,\o^e.^^ 

Upon the Memorial of Edward W'inton formerly of Great Britain now 
residing at Enfield, praying to be Capacitated to purchase & hold real 
Estate as pr Memorial on file Dated October 12th 1794, 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Memorialist ma}' purchase and 
hold real Estate in this State, and the Deeds thereof to himself shall be 
good and valid in Law. 

On the Petition of Lazarus Watrous of Colchester in the County of 
New London Shewing to this Assembly that he belongs to the Parish of 
Marlborough in said Town of Colchester, and in the Southwest Corner of 
said Marlborough Parish and four Miles from the Meeting House in 
said Parish. And that between his House, and the said Meeting House, the 
face of the Country is very rough & uneven, and the Road almost impas- 
sible ; That for twenty three Years past he and his Family have attended 
Publick \\^orship in the Parish of East Hampton in the Town of Chatham 
and received all the Benefitt of Schooling for his Family, from said East 
Hampton Parish, that he lives but two miles from said East Hampton 
Meeting House, that his Farm lies a part in East Hampton Parish, and 
part in West Chester Parish in said Colchester, and about One hundred 
Acres of the same in said Marlborough Parish, nearly in the form of a 
Square, on the Southwest Corner of said Parish, Praying that he with 
his family, and that part of his Farm which lies within the Limits of said 
Parish of ^.larlborough may be annexed to the Parish of East Hampton 
in Chatham for parochial purposes, as pr Petition on file Dated 20th 
September 1794, which said Parish of Marlborough have been duely Cited 
and being three Times called made Default of Appearance 

Resolved by this Assembly that the said Lazarus Waters together with 
his said Lands lying in said Marlborough Parish, be and the same are 
hereby Annexed to the said Parish of East Hampton in Chatham for all 
Parochial Purposes. 

Upon the Memorial of John McMoran, Paul Rising and others pro- 
prietors of a certain Fishery or Fish Pots, built and erected near to and 
adjoining the Western Bank of Connecticut River, on the Falls between 
the Towns of Suffield and Enfield. Representing to this Assembly that 

16. Jonathan Lay, 1784-1831, the uncle of James Murdock on his mother's side, 
was a well-known inhabitant of Saybrook, a judge of probate and of the court of 
common pleas and and a county treasurer. Jonathan's sister, Hannah, married 
Abraham Murdock of Saybrook, who died in 1777, leaving James as his only child. 
James Murdock, 1776-1856, was prepared for college by his uncle, Jonathan Murdock 
of Bozrah. He graduated from Yale in 1797, taught for two years at Hopkins Grammar 
School in New Haven and then at an academy in Clinton, New York. After he was 
licensed to preach he became minister at Princeton, Mass. In 1815 he was appointed 
professor of Latin and Greek at the University of Vermont, in 1819 Brown professor 
of sacred rhetoric and ecclesiastical history in tlie theological seminary at Andover. 
Harvard made him an honorary D.D. in 1820. F. B. Dexter. Bioqraphical Sketches 
of tlie Graduates of Yale College, V, 299-303 ; Edwin A. Hill, fjie Descendants of 
Robert Lay of Sayhrooti, Conn. (Boston, 1908), pp. 8, 10. 



210 PUBLIC RECORDS October, 

the Memorialists and those under whom they Claim, have uninterruptedly 
held and Occupied the Premisses for the purpose of taking Salmon and 
other Fishes common in said River for more than Eighty five Years, that 
they have expended more than i25.0.0 in erecting and repairing said 
Fish Pots, that the Memorialists and the publick are greatly benefitted by 
the Salmon and other Fish caught in said Pots, that the said Works have 
not and do not in the least hinder or obstruct the Navigation of said 
River or floating any kind of Boats or Lumber up or down said River, 
that the Memorialists are advertized by some that the said fish pots or any 
other obstructions in any part of the \\^aters of said River are a Publick 
Nusance, Praying this Assembly to enquire into the facts stated in said 
Memorial by a Judicious Committee and by a Resolve secure to the 
Memorialists their Heirs and Assigns forever in the place and manner 
above mentioned so as to prohibit any person demolishing said Fish Pots 
or disturbing the Memorialists in the Use and Occupation of said Fishery 
on the ground of its being a publick Nusance &c as pr Memorial on file. 

Resolved by this Assembly that Isaac Owen, Joseph Forward & Levi 
Haydon Esqrs be a Committee to enquire into "the Facts stated in said 
Memorial at the expence of the Memorialists and Report thereon to this 
or the next Assembly that will be held at Hartford in May next, 

Always Provided that said Committee advertize in some one of the 
publick News Papers printed in the City of Hartford at least three Weeks 
successively before the}- begin said enquiry the Time when and the place 
where they shall begin the same.^'^ 

Upon the Memorial of Rufus Swift Shewing to this Assembly that he 
is Guardian to Thomas Dibble of Cornwall in Litchfield County a Minor 
under the Age of twenty One Years, and that the said Thomas is possessed 
in his own Right in fee simple of about thirty one Acres of Land lying in 
the South part of said Cornwall which Land was necessarily so distributed 
that the greatest part thereof is inaccessible to Teams without crossing the 
Lands of others, by which means the same will not rent for more than 
about one half what the Interest will amount to arising on the Money 
for which said Land will now sell, and that one third of said Land is 
incumbered with the Widows Dower praying for releif as pr Memorial 
on file 

IVhereupOii Resolved by this Assembly that on the Memorialists giving 
Bonds to Account for the Avails of said Land to the satisfaction of the 
Judge of Probate for the District of Litchfield, in such Case, Isaac Swift 
of said Cornwall shall have full power and Authority and the same is here- 
by Granted to the to the [sic] said Isaac to Sell and dispose of said Land 
under the incumbrance of the said Widows Dower, taking the Advice and 
direction of the said Judge of Probate in the premisses and that said Isaac 
shall have power to give a Deed thereof which Deed shall be good and 



17. This petition was renewed and negatived on report of the committee in May 
1795. Connecticut State Archives, Industry, Second Series, III, 23-25. The text of 
the present memorial and resolve, with tlic committee's notice of its meeting in 
Suffield at the house of John McMoran, Dec. 30, 1794, is in the Connecticut Courant, 
Dec. 8, 1794. 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 211 

valid to all Intents & purposes as if the same was executed by said Thomas 
wlien of full Age and when said Land is sold said Isaac shall Account with 
the Memorialist for the Avails of said Land with the Interest arising 
thereon. 

Upon the Memorial of the Inhabitants of the Town of New London 

Shewing to this Assembly that the true List of said Town for the Year 

1793 as returned to the General Assembly in October last was as follows 

Rateable Estate £10698.0.7 

Assesments 2065.0.0 



£12763.0.7 
That the Additional List of said Town as made up by the Listers and sent to 
the Assembly in May last was £7624.2.9 in which were included 315 Polls 
at £18 each which number of Polls were by mistake in October last added 
by the Assembly Committee to the General List of the said Town that 
said mistake arose from a Certificate signed by the Clerk of said Listers 
which was handed to said Committee in October last with the true returns 
of said Towns List, and which said Committee took to be a part thereof by 
means of which said 315 Polls amounting to the Sum of £5670, were twice 
included in the List of said Town for said Year 1793 once in October last 
& again in May last Praying for a Deduction of said Mistake of said Poll 
amounting to said Sum of £5670, from the List or Grand Levy of said 
Town for said Year as pr Memorial on file, 

Resolved by this Assembly that said Sum of £5670, arising from said 
315 Polls twice included as aforesaid be and the same is hereby deducted 
from the List or Grand Levy of said Town for said Year 1793, and the 
Treasurer is hereby directed to deduct the same accordingly. 

Upon the Petition of Annah Hemington as Parent and natural Guardian 
to Lucy Cutler a Minor, and Webb Cutler & Sampson Howe who is Guar- 
dian to the said Webb, he being a Minor Shewing to this Assembly that the 
said Webb and Lucy are the only Heirs to about thirty Acres of Land, 
with an old dwelling House thereon situated in the Town of Killingley 
in the County of Windham, which House and Land is under the Incum- 
brance of a Lease to One Rebeckah Cutler & one Joannah Cutler during 
the natural Lives of the said Rebeckah & Joannah, and the said Joannah 
not being more than thirty Years of Age, which House is much gone to 
decay, and unless soon repaired will be wholly useless, and that said Land 
is very poor and not Timber on the same sufficient to keep the fences in 
repair, And should the said Rebeccah and Joannah Cutler live to the 
common Age of Man said Premisses will become of small value to the 
said Webb & Lucy the said Minors and that a good Opportunity now 
presents for the Sale of said premisses to the Advantage of said Minors 
praying that some proper Person may be Impow^ered to sell and dispose 
of said Premisses for the Use and Benefit of said Minors as pr Memorial 
on file Dated October 6th 1794, 

Resolved by this Assembly that Liberty and Authority be Granted, 
and Liberty and Authority is hereby Granted to the said Sampson Howe, 



212 ' PUBLIC RECORDS October, 

who is Guardian to the said Webb Cutler, one of said Minors to sell and 
dispose of the said Premisses, under the Incumbrance of the said Lease 
to the said Rebeccah and Joannah Cutler, by a good and Authentic Con- 
veyance of the same by and under the Directions of the Judge of Probate 
for the District of Pomfritt for the Use & benefit of the said Minor 
Children the said Howe procuring and giving good and sufficient Bonds 
with Surety to the said Judge of Probate, for his faithful Accounting and 
Paying over the Avails of said Premisses when Sold, to the said Minors, 
or to their Use and Benefit with the Interest thereof, when they shall arrive 
to the Age of Twenty One Years or Sooner if required by said Judge of 
Probate. 

Upon the Memorial of Stephen Barns & Amos Brush, both of New 
Fairfield in Fairfield County, as they are a Committee of the Town of 
said New Fairfield, Shewing to this Assembly, that the North East Bounds 
of said Town of New Fairfield for a long Time since have been and now 
are lost and cannot be found or ascertained, and that the proprietors of 
said Town of New Fairfield preferred a Memorial to the General Assembly 
holden at Hartford on Thursday the 9th Day of May 1745, Praying said 
Assembly that said Bounds might be fixed and ascertained, and said 
Assembly Granted the Prayer of said Memorial, and directed how the 
Lines should be run to ascertain said Bounds, and appointed Edmond 
Lewiss Esqr. then County Surveyor for the County of Fairfield to run 
the Lines aforesaid and to make a Monument for said North East Bounds, 
and his return to the then next General Assembly,^^ And that said Edmond 
Lewiss Esqr. died before he had run said Line and affixed said Monument, 
and that said Line has never been run, nor said Monument fixed. And 
thereupon Praying this Assembly to appoint some other proper Person to 
run said Line according to the Directions of said Resolve of said General 
Assembly, and to erect & fix a Monument as aforesaid. And that the 
Monument so erected and fixed, may forever hereafter be and remain 
to be the North East Boundary of said Town of New Fairfield, as pr 
Memorial on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that Joseph Moss White County Surveyor 
for the County of Fairfield be and he is hereby appointed to run said Line, 
according to the directions of said Resolve passed by said General Assem- 
bly in May 1745. And that he erect and fix a Monument as aforesaid, 
and that the Monument so erected and fixed shall forever here after be 
and remain to be the North East Boundry of said Town of New Fairfield, 
and that said White make his return to the next General Assembly, and 
that the expence of running said Line be at the Cost of the Memorialists. 

On the Memorial of Benjamin Henshaw & Joshua Henshaw both of 
New Hartford in Litchfield County Executors of the last Will and Testa- 
ment of Benjamin Henshaw late of said New Hartford Deceasd, Shewing 
to this Assembly that the said Benjamin late Deceased when in Life on 

18. Colonial Records of Connecticut, IX, 135. 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 213 

the 14th Day of June 1792, executed to Peter Colt then Treasurer of 
said State a Deed of Land lying in Winchester & New Hartford for the 
Use of the State, as Collateral Security for a Debt of Four Hundred & 
sixty six pounds eighteen shillings & eleven pence lawfull money, payable in 
One Year from the Date of the Deed aforesaid with the lawfull Interest 
thereof, said Debt having been originally due from said Benjamin Deceasd 
to Thomas Apthorp & by said State Confiscated, Praying for the Reasons 
and facts therein at large Stated, that said Memorialists may satisfy the 
Debt secured by the Mortgage aforesaid in State Notes at their Nominal 
value &c as pr Memorial on hie Dated the 7th Day of October 1794. The 
Facts stated in this Memorial being found true, 

it is thereupon Resolved by this Assembly that said Memorialists be and 
they are hereby allowed to satisfy the Debt including the Interest arising 
thereon secured by the Mortgage aforesaid in liquidated State Notes bear- 
ing Interest at their Nominal value 

Provided the same be paid into the State Treasury within twenty Days 
from the rising of this Assembly, and that thereupon the Treasurer of this 
State for and in behalf of this State be Authorized and directed and he is 
hereby Authorized and directed to reconvey said Mortgaged Estate by 
Deed of release or Quit Claim well executed to said Memorialists. 

Upon the Memorial of James Lee, Caleb Matthews and Samuel Newell, 
Select Men of the Town of Bristol, Shewing to this Assembly, that John 
Donaghy and Huldah his Wife, have been under the Care of the Select 
Men of said Town for more than two Years past, and that they have ex- 
pended more than all the real and Personal Estate of the said John & 
Huldah, in supporting the said Huldah, and that there is about ten Acres 
and three Roods of Land lying in said Town of Bristol, of which the said 
Huldah is possessed in her own fee, and that the same cannot be sold for 
her support without the interposition of this Assembly, Praying to this 
Assembly that some meet Person may be appointed to Sell and dispose of 
said Land and to execute a good Warrantee Deed of said Land and to 
appropriate the Avails thereof to the Support and maintenance of the said 
Huldah Donaghy as pr Memorial on tile, 

Resolved by this Assembly that James Lee of said Bristol is hereby 
appointed with full and ample Powers to sell and dispose of the aforesaid 
ten Acres & three Roods of Land and to execute a good Warrantee Deed 
of the Premisses & to appropriate the Avails thereof to the support & 
maintenance of the said Huldah Donaghy And that he shall be account- 
able to the Select Men of said Bristol for his Doings thereon. 

Upon the Petition of John Wells of Glastonbury in the County of Hart- 
ford Shewing to this Assembly that he has a Petition pending before the 
same in which his personal Attendance is necessary Praying for Protection 
&c 

Resolved by this Assembly that Protection be and the same is hereby 
Granted to said John W^ells, from all Arrest & Imprisonment in Civil 
Matters in coming to attending on & returning from said Assembly during 



214 PUBLIC RECORDS October, 

the present Session & all Officers are directed to take Notice thereof & 
Govern themselves accordingly.^^ 

On the Memorial of Jesse Brown of Norwich Shewing to this Assembly 
that the Assembly, on the Re^xDrt of their Committee in October 1793, 
established Material Alterations in the Post Road from Hartford to 
Providence in the Towns of Bolton & Coventry,^" and that part of the 
Avails of a Lottery Granted for the purpose of repairing said Highway 
are by Order of the Superior Court now in the Hands of Capt Daniel 
White of Coventry, and that the Towns of Bolton & Coventry neglect & 
refuse to lay open said New Highway agreeable to the Alterations made 
by said .Assembly, by means whereof said White is prevented from laying 
out said Monies for said Purpose praying this Assembly to give Order to 
the Sheriff of the Country of Tolland to lay open said Highway agreeable 
to said Alteration made by said Assembly as pr Memorial on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Sherifif of the County of Tolland 
be and he is hereby Ordered and directed to lay open said Highway in 
the Towns of Bolton & Coventry agreeable to the Alterations made by 
the General Assembly in October 1793, in Case said Towns or either of 
them shall neglect to lay open the same untill the 1st Day of Novembr 
1794. 

On the Memorial of Daniel Howe Junr Administrator on the Estate 
of Solomon Howe late Deceasd Shewing to this Assembly that the said 
Solomon when in Life was a Surgeons Mate in the 8th Regiment of the 
late Continental Army in the Connecticut Line, and that on Settlement of 
the Wages of said Solomon pursuant to Act of Assembly passed May 1792. 
there was found due said Solomon a Ballance of £114.8.0 for Service done 
in the Year 1780, and the Note made out in the Name of said Solonion 
bore Interest from June 1st 1782. but on the examination of said Matter 
the entry made by the late Comptroller is found to be erroneous And that 
the aforesaid Ballance due to said Solomon was in fact due for Services 
done before the Year 1780, and that the Interest of said Note ought to 
have Commenced January 1st 1780, which entitles the Memorialist in 
said Capacity to have and receive a Security Issued by the Treasurer of 
said State for the Amount of the Interest on the aforesaid Ballance of 
£114.8.0 for the Term of two Years & five Months, Praying for releif in 
the Premisses as pr Memorial on file, This Assembly having enquired 
into the Facts stated as aforesaid, do find that the same are true, 

And thereupon it is Resolved by this Assembly that the Memorialist 
shall have and receive a Note Issued by the Treasurer of this State, for 
the Amount of the Interest of £114.8.0 for the Term of two Years and 
five Months payable as other Securities Issued by this State in such Cases, 
and that the Treasurer is hereby Ordered and directed to Issue such Se- 
curity accordingly. 

19. The legislature had freed John Wells from arrest in May 1790. Co)in. State 
Records, VIII, 169. 

20. No mention of this committee report is to be found in the records of the session 
uf October 1793 above. 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 215 

Upon the Memorial of Hezekiah Perkins of Norwich in New London 
County, Shewing to this Asseml)ly. that he is Guardian to Edward 
Whiting, Nancy W'hiting Henry \\'hiting P^Hzabeth Whiting Charles 
Whiting & Bowen Whiting all Minors of said Norwich and Children & 
Heirs of Major Ebenezer Whiting late of said Norwich Deceasd, That the 
said deed died possessed of about three Acres of improved Land with a 
Dwelling House thereon, a distillery and about thirty Acres of Woodland 
lying in said Norwich, that said Deceasd a short Time before his Death 
had agreed to purchase a farm of about three Hundred Acres of Land 
in Kinderhook in the State of New York and for the purpose of making 
Payment therefor it is necessary to make Sale of said House and Lands 
at Norwich Praying this xAssembly to Authorize him to Sell said Houses 
and Lands at Norwich & to invest the Avails thereof in said Farm at 
Kinderhook for the Benefit of said Minors as pr Memorial on file, 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Memorialist have Liberty and 
Liberty and Authority is hereby Given & Granted unto him to Sell and 
dispose of all the Right and Title of said Minors to said Houses & Lands 
in said Norwich and to give and execute a Warrantee Deed or Deeds to 
the Purchaser or Purchasers thereof which shall be good and effectual 
in Law to Convey the Title of said Minors to said Lands & to Invest the 
proceeds of said Sales in said Farm at Kinderhook for the Benefit of said 
Minors taking the direction of the Judge of Probate for the District of 
Norwich therein, 

Provided that the Widow of said Deceased, and the Heirs of said 
Deceasd of full Age Unite in said Sales, and that the Debts due from the 
Estate of said Deceasd be first paid, and the Memorialist first give Bond 
with Surety to the satisfaction of the Judge of Probate for the District of 
Norwich for the faithfull performance of the Trust aforesaid. 

Provided also that said Lands so to be purchased in said Kinderhook 
shall vest in said Pleirs in the same manner & proportion as said Houses 
& Lands in Norwich have vested.-^ 

Upon the jMemorial of the Inhabitants of Litchfield in the County of 
Litchfield Shewing to this Assembly in the return of the Grand List or 
Levy of the said Town for the Year 1793, there is by mistake contained the 
Sum of £1161 more than by Law ought to be, and that the Treasurer of 
the State hath Issued his \\ arrant thereon to the Collector of State Taxes 
for the said Town accordingly iSc praying for releif as pr Memorial on file 



21. Ebenezer Whiting, 1735-1794, had been a merchant and bridge-builder in 
Norwich. Miss Caulkins states that in 1790 he built a large house in Norwich, and 
that "the ground plot included the ancient Indian Cemetery, and sixteen acres of land 
running down to the neighborhood of Lathrop's Mills, where Major Whiting had a 
distillery." The house was sold in 1795, evidently under authority of the present 
resolve. Ebenezer Whiting's wife was Ann Fitch, daughter of the Lebanon Loyalist, 
Col. Eleazer Fitch. Whiting's elder brother, William Bradford, had earlier 
moved to Canaan, New York. Ebenezer was preparing to follow his brother's example 
at the time of his death. Frances Manwaring Caulkins, History of Norxuich, Connec- 
ticut . . ., pp. 386, 535; Mary E. Perkins, Old Houses of the Antient Town of 
Norwich 1660-1800 . . . (Norwich, 1895), pp. 273, 586. 



216 PUBLIC RECORDS October, 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Treasurer of this State be and he 
is hereby directed to abate & deduct from the List of said Town of Litch- 
field for'the Year 1793 the said Sum of £1161 and from the Taxes thereon 
arising and that he Settle with the said Collector accordingly. 

Upon the Memorial of Lucretia Lee, Jedediah Lee & Sabia Lee all of 
Lyme in New London County, Shewing to this Assembly they are Minors 
unable to execute valid Deeds of and, and together with Christopher Lee 
are Heirs of Martin Lee late of said Lyme Deceasd, whose Lands they 
Inherit, that the Memorialists together with the said Christopher & Nathan 
AUyn & Sabia his wife have Signed a Quit Claim Deed of said Lands to 
Lemuel Lee of said Lyme bearing DateThe sixth Day October 1794 pray- 
ing this Assembly by a Legislative Act to Authenticate said Deed & render 
the same good and effectual in Law to convey said Land as pr Memorial 
on file. 

Resolved by this Assembly that on the Memorialists lodging said Deed 
with the Register of the said Town of Lyme & procuring the same to be 
there Recorded and delivering the same to the said Lemuel Lee that said 
Deed be & the same is hereby declared to be good & effectual in Law to 
Convey the Right & Title of the Memorialist in said Land to the said 
Lemuel Lee. 

Upon the Petition of Daniel Dwight of Hartford in the County of 
Hartford Shewing to this Assembly that he has now depending before 
this Assembly a Petition Praying that his Person and the Property that 
he shall in future acquire may be protected and secured from Arrest & 
Suits for or on Account of any Debts or Dues contracted or arisen before 
the Date of said Petition on his delivering up all his Property & Estate 
for the Use of his Creditors, and that his personal attendance is necessary 
on the Tryal of said Petition Praying that his Person may be protected 
from Arrest & Imprisonment for or on account of any Debt or in any Civil 
Suit while coming to attending upon and in returning from said General 
Assembly as pr Petition on file Dated the 18th Day of October 1794. 

Resolved & Ordered by this Assembly that the Person of the said Dwight 
be protected from Arrest & Imprisonment for or on Account of any Debt 
or in any Civil Suit while coming to in attending upon & in returning 
from said General Assembly & all Officers and others are to take Notice 
thereof & Conduct themselves accordingly. 

Upon the Memorial of Ferdinand Smith and Seth Smith of Barkhemsted 
in the County of Litchfield, Executor on the last \\ ill and Testament of 
Colo Seth Smith late of New Hartford Deceased, Shewing to this Assem- 
bly that Martin Smith of said New Hartford, in the Life Time of Colo 
Smith, mortgaged to him a Farm of Land lying in said New Hartford, 
for the Security of a Sum of Money then due to the Deceasd, That after 
the Mortgage aforesaid, Stephen Chubb Junr a Collector of State Taxes 
for the Town of New Hartford, Sold two Acres two Roods and seventeen 
Rods, of the aforesaid Farm, being worth about Twelve Pounds lawfull 
money for the payment of 1 axes due said Chubb, which Land was Con- 
veyed by said Chubb to Dudley Case of New Hartford, as the Highest 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 217 

Bidder for said Land, and afterward was Quit Claimed by said Case to 
said Chubb. And that afterwards the whole of the Taxes due from Martin 
Smith for the payment of which said Lands were sold were abated to 
said Chulib by the Select Men of New Hartford notwithstanding which 
the Deeds before mentioned still lye on file in the Office of the Town Clerk 
for the Town of New Hartford and not any way nulHfied or made void 
by said Chubb, and that said Chubb soon after became a Bankrupt al)- 
sconded and died. That Peletiah Allyn beings a Creditor of nearly three 
fourths the Sum due from the Estate of said Chubb took Administration 
on said Estate, and that the Dividend on said Estate to the Creditors was 
but about One penny on the pound, and that said Allyn is now willing 
to nullify and make void the Deeds aforesaid in Case he could be indemni- 
fied from other Creditors Praying for relief in the Premisses as pr other 
Creditors Praying for releif in the Premises as pr Memorial on file. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Town Register for the Town of 
New Hartford be and he is hereby Authorized and directed upon the 
Application of the aforesaid. Peletiah Allyn to deliver to him the Deeds 
before mentioned if the same should be unrecorded, and the said Allyn 
is hereb)' Authorized to deliver the same to the Executors of Colo Seth 
Smith Deceasd, and the said Allyn is hereby fully indemnified from any 
Claims of the Creditors of sadi Chubbs Estate on Account of the same. 

Upon the Memorial of Israel Park of Stonington in New London 
County and Abigail his Wife, Shewing to this Assembly that the said 
Abigail is one of the Daughters of Roger Sterry Esqr. late of Preston in 
said County Deceasd And that in the distribution of the Estate of said 
Deceasd, there was divided and set out to the said Abigail about fifteen 
Acres of Land lying in said Preston as part of her portion in the Estate 
of said Deceasd, and that said Lands has no buildings therein and is 
inconvenient for Improvement in severalty having no dividing fence be- 
tween said Lands and the adjoining proprietors, that since the inter- 
marriage of the Memorialist which was in April last, the Memorialist 
Considering the High Price which Lands then demanded and Mr Daniel 
Morgan being willing to purchase said Lands at the price of £85.5.0 L 
money and the Memorialist have Sold said Lands to said Morgan for that 
Sum, and taken his Security for the payment thereof, and gave said 
Morgan a Deed of said Lands with Covenant of W^arrenty, And at the 
Time of executing said Deed the said Israel was & still is a Minor under 
the Age of twenty one Years which was not then recollected by them as 
the said Abigail was then of full Age to convey said Lands if she had not 
been under Coverture, and that said Morgan refuses to make payment 
for said Land unless said Deed be confirmed by an Act of the Legislature 
as compleat as though the said Israel had been of full Age Praying that 
the said Deed given by the Memorialist to said Morgan may be confirmed 
as though the said Israel was of full Age as pr Memorial on file Dated 
the 9th Day of June 1794. 

JVJiereupon if is Resolved by ihis Assembly that the said Deed given 
by the I\Iemorialist to said Morgan of said Lands be and the same is 
hereby confirmed and established as a good &: legal Conveyance thereof to 



218 PUBLIC RECORDS October, 

the said Morgan his Heirs & Assigns for ever as fully as though the said 
Israel had been of full Age at the Time of Ensealing the same.^^ 

Upon the Petition of Ebenezer French of Huntington in Fairfield 
County Shewing that he is a Suitor at this Assembly and Praying for a 
Protection as pr Petition on file, 

Resolved by this Assembly that said Ebenezer French be and he hereby 
is protected from all Arrest in Civil Process while coming to attending 
upon & returning from this Assembly he being a Suitor at this Assembly 
and his Attendance necessary of which all Officers are to take Notice.^ 

Upon the Petition of Thomas Belden. Thaddeus Betts & William 
St John of Norwalk. Shewing to this Assembly that in the Year 1787 
the Proprietors of the Common and undivided Lands in said Town of 
Norwalk w^ere by the Sale of said Lands possessed of about six Hundred 
Pounds of lawfull Money in good Notes & publick Securities in the Hands 
of their Committee, that the same was Ordered to be divided out to the 
several proprietors who had a right to receive the same, and Advertise- 
ments were set up for the purpose, that since the first settling of said 
Town many of the Original Proprietors have emigrated to distant parts 
are long since Dead and whether they left any Heirs or not they cannot 
tell, other Proprietors left their several Rights to their Heirs, and those 
Heirs to their Heirs and so on in Succession till they are become small 
& inconsiderable, that it is more than seven Years since said Proprietors 
were Advertised, to come and take their several Proportions of said 
Dividend, yet not much more than One half of said said Money has been 
called for by Reasons aforesaid that said Moneys will lie in the Hands of 
said Committee and become their Property without they are by this 
Assembly enabled to dispose thereof to such of said Proprietors who are 
known. Praying that on Advertising four Weeks successivelv in the 
Publick News Papers of the County of Fairfield for all Proprietors who 
have not received their dues to call & receive the same on or before the 
first Day of May next or that they shall forever be debarred of any 
Claims or demand for the same and that whatever of said ^loney or Notes 
shall remain after said Time may be disposed of as sd Proprietors in a 
Legal Meeting shall Vote and direct as Pr Petition on file, 

Resolved by this Assembly that on said Proprietors duly advertising 
four Weeks successivelv in One or more Publick News Papers in said 
County of Fairfield and causing the same to be posted up on the several 
Sign Posts in said Town of Norwalk requesting said Proprietors to call 
on their Committee and receive the Ballances due them, that on their 
neglect or refusing to call & receive the same on or before said first Day 
of May next they and their Heirs shall forever hereafter be debarred & 

22. Israel Palmer Park of Stonington, 1774-1868, married, on April 1, 1794. 
Abigail Sterry. She died, probably after the birth of her sixth child, Dec. 1809. 
certainly before Sept. 1810, when Israel Park remarried. Genealogy of the Parke 
Families of Connecticut . . . (Washington. D.C.. 1906). p. 258. 

23. Ebenezer French was again freed from arrest and granted an act of insolvency 
in :\Iay 1795. See below, pp. 278, 285. 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 219 

secluded from any part thereof, and that after said first Da>^ of May next 
said Proprietors may dispose of said Money or Notes that shall remain 
in their Hands not called for as aforesaid in such way & manner as they 
in legal ]*kleeting shall direct.'^ 

Upon the Memorial of John Tyler and others. Shewing to this Assembly 
that the Post Road leading from Norwich to Providence through the Towns 
of Norwich & Lisbon in New London County runs over Ground naturally 
rough, but by great Expence hath been rendered Convenient, that the 
situation of the'lnhabitants in said Town of Lisbon is such that the great 
Repairs on said Road will be lost unless some provision is made to preserve 
said Road in repair. Praying this Assembly to establish a Turn Pike on 
said Road that the Avails thereof may be expended in keeping said Road 
in repair as pr Petition on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that there may be erected and established 
by the Commissioners to be appointed as is hereafter Provided, at such 
Place on said Road between the Dwelling House of Zephaniah Lathrop in 
said Norwich, and Olive Perkins in said Lisbon, as such Commissioners 
shall Judge expedient a Gate or Turn Pike for the purpose of Collecting 
a Toll from persons travelling said Road which shall not exceed the Rate 
following 

Every Travelling or Pleasure four Wheel Carriage & Draft 

Horses except a Stage carrying the Mail £0.0.9 

A Stage four Wheel Carriage carrying the Public Mail 0.0.4 ^4 

Loaded ^^'aggon or Cart 0.0.3 

Empty Do Do 0.0.2 

Single Horse Cart Loaded 0.0.2 

Empty Do 0.0.1 

Horses Cattle & Mules 0.0.1 

Pleasure & Travelling Sleigh 0.0.3 

Loaded Sled or Sleigh 0.0.2 

Empty Do 0.0.1 

Man & Horse 0.0.1 

And it is further Resolved That the Monies Collected by the said Toll 
shall be expended in repairing the Road leading from Norwich to the 
Bridge lying over the River between said Lisbon and said Preston, at a 
place called Jewetts City by said Commissioners and the said Commis- 
sioners shall annually in the the Month of June Account with the County 
Court in New London County for the expenditure of said Toll. 

And it is further Resolved that if any person or persons shall remove or 
destroy any Gate or other Obstruction placed in said Road by said Com- 
missioners for the purpose of collecting said Toll, such person or persons, 
shall forfeit and pay the Sum of five Pounds lawfuU Money, and such 
further Sum as shall be adjudged necessary to repair the Damage done. 

24. In Elsie Nicholas Danenberg's Ronwucc of Nnnvalk, facing p. 46, is a map 
of original homelots (1652) of Norwalk, which marks out some of the common and 
undivided lands. One of the ancient commons was at Fort Point. The common 
planting field was at Gregory Point. Ibid., pp. 47-48. 



220 PUBLIC RECORDS Octobcr, 

to be recovered by Action to be brought in any Court proper to try the 
same by said Commissioners, the Sum so recovered to applied [sicl in the 
same manner as the Avails of said Toll ; 

Provided nevertheless that said Commissioners shall provide some meet 
person to attend constantly at said Gate so that Travellers paying said 
Toll be not obstructed thereby ; 

And it is further Resolved that said Commissioners shall set up on the 
post of the Gate of said Turnpike, and in open view of Travellers, an 
Account written in Capitals of all the Fares allowed by this Resolve, and 
payable at said Gate in the same manner as is directed by Law to be done 
at Ferries within this State. 

And he it further Resolved that the said County Court be and they are 
hereby Authorized and Impowered to appoint from Time to Time five 
persons to be Commissioners of said Turnpike to establish &: superintend 
the same and to carry the foregoing Resolves into effect, which Commis- 
sioners before entering on the Duties of said Trust, shall execute with 
Surety a Bond to the Treasurer of this State in the penal Sum of One 
Thousand Pounds lawfull Money Conditioned for the faithful performance 
of said Trust, and the Resolutions of any three of said Commissioners 
relating to the placing of said Turnpike and expending the .V vails shall 
be conclusive on said Commissioners 

Provided nevertheless that no Turnpike or obstruction shall be erected 
in said Road by said Commissioners for the Collection of said Toll untill 
said Road shall be well repaired to the approbation of said Court ; And 
this Resolve shall continue in force during the pleasure of the General 
Assembly.-^ 

Upon the Petition of the Inhabitants of the Eclesiastical Society of New 
Salem in the County of New London representing to this Assembly that 
the Petitioners had been Constituted a distinct Eclesiastical Society within 
the Limits of the ancient Parish of New Salem, upon application to the 
Assembly by a former Petition. Shewing that the Baptists Separatists and 
other Denominations within the Limits of said ancient Society interfered 
with and interrupted the Petitioners in the Mode of their religious Wor- 
ship, and that since their Incorporation of the Petitioners as aforesaid new- 
Difficulties have Occurred that they have been sued in several Actions for 
Debts contracted by those Inhabitants of the Ancient Parish of New Salem, 
who opposed the former Application of the Petitioners, and that in One 
Instance a Collection had actually been made of the Petitioners for a Debt 
Incurred by their Opponents, And that no Provision was made by the Bill 



25. This was the establishment of the New London and Windham County Turn- 
pike. The road was a continuation of that cstabHshed by the Providence and Norwich 
Turnpike Company of Rhode Island, chartered at the same time. The condition set 
by the legislature, that the road be put in good repair before the toll gate could 
be set up, proved too heavy a burden, and a further appeal was made to the legislature 
in May 1795, resulting in the incorporation of the New London and Windham County 
Society. See below pp. 286-88, Wood, Turnpikes of New England, pp. 336-337. 
The road followed approximately the course of the present Route 12 from Norwich to 
l^lainheld, then probably turned east on a road now unnumbered to Sterling Hill, 
after which it followed Route 95 to the state line. 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 221 

in form on their former Petition in respect of the adjustment and discharge 
of the Expences incurred hy the different Parties to a former Petition nor 
in respect to the Debts due from the said Ancient Parish Praying that a 
Committee be appointed to examine into the Matter aforesaid and that a 
Tax be laid on all the Inhabitants within the Limits of said y\ncient Parish 
of New Salem sufficient to pay all Debts due from said ancient parish and 
the expence incurred by each party to said former Petition, and this present 
application ; 

Resolved the Jabez Chapman Epaphroditus Champion and David Trum- 
bull be a Committe to examine & ascertain what is the Amount of Debts 
if any there be now due from said Antient Parish and the Amount of 
expences incurred by each Party on said former Petition & this present 
Application, And that the Committee discriminate between said Debts 
& Expences & seperate them in their Statement & make Report to this 
Assembly as soon as may be.-*' 

Upon the Petition of Philo Murray of Woodbury in Litchfield County 
Shewing to this Assembly that he has suffered many losses in the Business 
he has pursued and is thereby rendered unable to pay his Debts but is 
willing to resign up all his property for the Benefit of his Creditors Praying 
for an Act of Insolvency, and that of his delivering to Trustees or Assign- 
ees appointed for that purpose, all his Estate both real & personal he may 
be discharged from any Liability for said Debts as pr Memorial on file. 
The Facts stated in said Petition being found true and the Creditors to 
said Petitioner not objecting but principally agreeing that the Prayer of 
said Petition should l^e Granted. 

It is thereupon Resolved that the Prayer of said Petition be and the 
same is hereby Granted ; 

■And it is further Resolved that Shadrach Usborn & John Clark both 
of Woodbury in Litchfield County be and they are hereby appointed Com- 
missioners or Trustees to receive under Oath the Estate both real & 
personal of the Petitioner, except necessary Wearing Apparel Household 
Furniture and Articles exempted by Law from Execution, And they are 
hereby Impowered to receive the same to be disposed of as hereafter 
directed. And said Assignees or Trustees are hereby directed to give Notice 
to the Creditors of the Petitioner to bring in their respective Claims, by 
publishing the Time and Place of their Meeting in the News Paper printed 
at New Haven, or the Connecticut Journal, at least six weeks before the 
Time of such Meeting, And after receiving said Claims, they shall proceed 
to adjust the same. And said Assignees shall and they are hereby Im- 
powered to take and pursue all suitable Measures to recover the Debts due, 

26. For earlier petitions of this society, see Conn. State Records, VII, 357-358, 
423-425. New London County was a stronghold of the Baptists in the eighteenth 
century. Backus Hsts a Baptist group in Colchester, founded in 1743, with Abel 
Palmer as its minister, a second group in Lyme, founded in 1752, with Jason Lee 
as its minister, and a third in Montville, founded in 1786, with Reuben Palmer as its 
minister. It may have been any or all of these congregations that were irritating 
the members of New Salem Society. Isaac Backus, A History of Ncki England. 
With Particular Reference to the Denotniiiation of Christians Called Baptists, second 
edition (Newton, Mass., 1871), II, 397, 519-520. 



222 PUBLIC RECORDS October, 

and Estate of him the Petitioner and to make Disposition thereof, as they 
shall Judge most for the Benefit of said Creditors ; And the said Assignees 
or Trustees, after the Charges of their said Commission are satisfied, are 
hereby directed to pay over the net Avails or residue of said Estate to the 
said Creditors according to their respective Claims 

And it is further Resolved that for the Purpose of carrying this Act 
into effect the Body of the Petitioner be and he is hereby protected from 
Arrests, on his delivering up his Estate and eft'ects on Oath by an Assign- 
ment of the same into the Hands of said Trustees which shall be done 
within three Months from the rising of this Assembly ; 

And it is further Resolved that on his having delivered up on Oath his 
Estate both real & personal except what is exempted by Law as aforesaid, 
and having Complied in every particular with this Resolve and having 
procured a Certificate thereof from said Assignees, the Body and future 
Estate of the Petitioner shall be forever discharged from any liability for 
or on Account of any Debts due as aforesaid ^^ 

Upon the Memorial of the Inhabitants of that part of Litchfield com- 
monly called the South East Farms in the County of Litchfield, and of the 
Inhabitants of part of the tlclesiastical Society of Northbury in the Town 
of Watertown in said County Shewing to this Assembly that for several 
Years last past they have been an Incorporated Society for the purpose of 
holding publick Worship six Months in the Year that their Society is 
Located witjiin the following Lines and Boundaries viz beginning at the 
South East Corner of the Society of South Farms in said Litchfield on 
Watertown Line, thence running Northwardly on the East Line of said 
South Farms to a heap of Stones about twenty Rods South East of 
Stephen Websters dwelling House, thence Eastwardly to the North West 
Corner of a fifty Acre Lott. now owned and possessed by Benjamin Hart, 
thence along the North Line of said Lott in a Streight Course to Waterbury 
River thence down the middle of said River to the North Line of said 
Watertown; thence Westwardly by Highway being the dividing Line 
of said Litchfield & said Watertown to the great Brook so called, thence 
down said Brook three Quarters of a Mile to a White Oak Bush with 
Stones by it, thence Westward one Mile to a Highway running between 
Abner Blakeslee & Micajah Blakeslee. thence Westward by said Highway 
to the dwelling House of William Hickox, thence Northward to a Hemlock 
Tree by the West Branch so called, thence Northward up said West 
Branch to the first mentioned Boundary. That their distance from the 
xMeeting Houses of the respective Societies to which they belong renders 
it very inconvenient for them to attend publick Worship, and that they are 
numerous and able to support public Worship constantly of themselves, 
and Praying to be Incorporated into an Eclesiastical Society with all Legal 
Privileges &c. And the said Petition having been duely served on the first 
Eclesiastical Society in said Litchfield, and on the Eclesiastical Society of 

27. The Connecticut Journal, Feb. 18, 1795. carried notice by the trustees of Philo 
Murray of a creditors' meeting to be held on the second Mondays of March and 
April at the house of the Widow Gilchrist in Woodbury. 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 22Z 

Northbury aforesaid, and the Respondents having been duely called did 
not appear to make Defence against the said Petition 

Resolved by this AsseDibly that the Petitioners Inhabitants of the afore- 
mentioned District be and they are hereby Constituted & Incorporated an 
Eclesiastical Society by the Name of Northfield with all the Powers Privi- 
leges Rights & capacities by Law annexed to Eclesiastical Societies within 
this State, And William Washburn of the said Society is hereby Im- 
powered &: directed to Warn a Meeting of the Inhabitants of said Society 
to be holden on Monday the tenth Day of November next at One o'Clock 
Afternoon at the Dwelling House of William Washburn in said Society 
of which Meeting Roger Marsh shall be Moderator and at which Meeting 
the said Inhabitants shall proceed to the Choice and Election of proper 
persons to fill all the several Offices by Law required & instituted for 
Eclesiastical Societies, and shall do and transact all Matters & things 
proper to be done in such Meetings. ^*^ 

Upon the Petition of Halsey Mead late of Greenwich in the County of 
Fairfield now of Mareneck in the State of New York Shewing to this 
Assembly that he is poor and not able to pay all his Debts and that he is 
now confined to the Common Goal in Fairfield in Fairfield County by 
Virtue of an Execution in favour of Richard Mead of said Greenwich 
Granted on a Judgment rendered by the Adjourned County Court held 
at Fairfield in and for Fairfield County on the last of February 1794, 
against the said Halsey Mead for the Sum of i 10.0.0 New York Money 
Damages & £6.11.2 LawfuU Money Costs, including One Shilling Money 
for the Price of an Execution which Execution is Signed by David Burr 
Clerk of said County Court and dated the 7th Day of March 1794. And 
that the said Halsey has not Estate sufficient to pay the Contents of said 
Execution, And that on the ninth Day of May 1794 the Petitioner took 
the Oath iDy Law provided for Poor Prisoners confined & imprisoned 
for Debt Praying this Assembly to Order and Decree that he the Petitioner 
be released from his present Imprisonment & be discharged from all De- 
mands and Debts now due from him on his delivering up & Conveying 
to Assignees to be appointed by this Assembly all his Estate, excepting 
such Articles as by Law are exempted from being taken by Execution, 
for the Use & Benefit of his Creditors as pr Petition on file may appear 

IV hereupon it is Resolved by this Assembly , That Andrew Rowland 
Lewis B Sturges & David Burr all of Fairfield in L^airfield County 
Esquires Be and they hereby appointed Assignees to receive the Estate 
of the said Halsey Mead for the Use & Benefit of his Creditors, And the 
Assignees shall Notify the Creditors of said Halsey Mead to appear before 
them at Time & Place to be by them appointed to exhibit their respective 
Demands against said Halsey by Advertising the same in some Public 

28. The first recorded society meeting at Northfield took place Oct. 15, 1789. In 
1792 the society appointed a committee to build a meeting house. In April 1794 it voted 
to petition the assembly to be set off as a distinct ecclesiastical society. The church 
was formed in January 1795, and consisted of fourteen members. The Rev. Joseph 
E. Cap was its first pastor. The meeting house was completed in 1803. History 
of Litchfield County, Connecticut, With Illustrations and Biographical Sketches 
(Philadelphia, 1881), p. 132. 



224 PUBLIC RECORDS October, 

News Paper in this State And upon the said Halsey Meads deHvering up 
on Oath and Conveying all his Estate excepting such Articles as are by 
Law exempted from being taken by Execution to said Assignees for the 
Use and Benefit of his Creditors the said Halsey Mead shall be discharged 
from all Demands & Debts due from him on the 12th Day of September 
1794, and on his producing a Certificate Signed by said Assignees that he 
has delivered up & Conveyed to them his Estate as aforesaid to the Keeper 
of the Goal in Fairfield the said Coaler shall release the said Halsey from 
his Imprisonment, And the said Assignees are hereby Authorized and 
Impowered to take such Measures, as are necessary for the Purpose of 
recovering all the Debts dues & Estates of the Petitioner, and to make 
disposition thereof in the best manner for the Benefit of said Creditors, 
and to pay over the same to them according to their respective Demands, 
after deducting the expence which may arise under said Commission. ^'^ 

Upon the Memorial of Minor Grant. Abel Johnson & Samuel Dunham 
Select Men of the Town of Willington, Shewing to this Assembly that 
Seth Robinson of said Willington is insane and unable to provide for him- 
self and hath no Relations who are by Law liable for his support and the 
said Seth is Owner of a small piece of Land in said Willington which may 
be disposed of to the Advantage of said Seth & the said Town of Willington 
Praying for Liberty and Authority to sell said Land for the support & 
Benefit of said Seth as pr Memorial on file. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the said Minor (/.rant Abel Johnson 
& Samuel Dunham or either two of said Select Men have Liberty & Liberty 
and -Vuthority is herebv Granted to them to Sell and dispose of the Land of 
said Seth lying in said Willington for the support and Benefit of said Seth 
And to make and execute a good & Authentick Conveyance of said Land 
for the Use and Purpose aforesaid ; 

Provided that said Persons Authorized to Sell said Land & receive the 
Avails thereof as aforesaid, shall give Bond to the Judge of Probate for 
the District of Stafl'ord to pav such part of said Avails, as shall not be 
necessary tor the support of said Seth Robinson in Case of his Death to 
his Heirs at Law. 

Upon the Petition of Waters Pettit of Waterford in Country of 
Albany in the State of New York vs. Garret Kettletus [ ?1 and Willett 
Seaman both of the City and State of New York Respondents, as on file 
dated September 22d 1794, preferred to this Assembly, The Question was 
put whether the Prayer of this Petition should be Granted 

Resolved in the Negative. 

Levi Forbes of East Haven in the County of New Haven Petitioner 
vs George King late of East Haven aforesaid Respondent m a certain 
Petition lying before this Assembly Dated April 25th 1793 as on file \nd 
now the Petitioner was three Times publickly called but did not appear to 

~29 Halsey Mead of Greenwich, I.. 1751, had been a corporal in the Revolution. 
He later moved to New York. Spencer P. Mead. History aud Gcwa/0^3; o/ the 
Mead Family of Fairfield County. Connecticut . . . (New York, 1901), p. 379. 



1794. OF CONNECTICUT 225 

prosecute his Petition aforesaid, the Respondent appeared And on his 
Motion for Cost &c the Sum of £4.8.0 is allowed for Cost against the 
Petitioner aforsd. 

Exn granted October 30th 1794. 

This Assembly do Grant to his Excellency Samuel Huntington One 
Hundred & fifty pounds Lavvfull Money for the last half of his Salary the 
Current Year. 

This Assembly do Grant to the Honble. Oliver Wolcott Fifty Pounds 
lawfull money for the last half years Salary the Current Year. 

Resolved by this Assembly That all Memorials Petitions Reports of 
Committees, and all Proceedings thereon pending before this Assembly 
be referred to the Consideration of the General Assembly to be holden in 
May next. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Senators and Representatives 
of this State in the Congress of the United States be and they hereby are 
requested to adopt proper measures to obtain an Act of the said Congress 
enabling and Authorizing this State to transfer to its several Creditors so 
much of the Debt due from the United States to this State as shall be 
sufficient to discharge the Public Debt thereof now outstanding not ex- 
ceeding four Hundred & thirty thousand Dollars, And that as soon as such 
Act shall have passed they transmit an exemplification thereof to the 
Comptroller of Public Accounts of this State. •^■' 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Treasurer of this State for the 
Time being be and he hereby is Authorized and Impowered on behalf of 
this State to draw from the Treasury of the United States or from the 
Office of the Commissioner of Loans in this State the Interest which shall 
accrue and become payable from Time to Time on the Ballance due from 
the United States to this State, and that the said Treasurer's Receipts 
thereof shall be to the said Commissioner sufficient Evidence of the 
Payment thereof. 

This Assembly was Adjourned by Proclamation untill the Governor 
(or in his Absence) the Lieutenant Governor shall see Cause to call it to 
meet again. 

Teste George Wyllys, Secretary. 



30. See above, pp. 191-92. 



226 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

STATE OF CONNECTICUT 

At a General Assembly of the State of Connecticut in America 
HoLDEN AT Hartford on the second Thursday of May being the 

FOURTEENTH DaY OF SAID MONTH AND CONTINUED BY ADJOURN- 
MENTS FROM DAY TO DAY UNTILL THE 5tH DaY JUNE FOLLOWING 

Anno Domini 1795 ^ 

Present 

His Excellency Samuel Huntington Esquire Governor 
The Honorable Oliver Wolcott Esquire Lieut Governor. 

William Williams Esqr 

Joseph Piatt Cook Esqr 

William Hillhouse Esqr 

John Treadwell Esqr 

Roger Newberry Esqr ^ ^^,,,^-^^^„/^ 

Heman Swift Esqr 

Jonathan IngersoU Esqr 

Thomas Grosvenor Esqr 

Thomas Seymour Esqr 

Aaron Austin Esqr 

Representatives of the Freemen of the several Towns in the State who 
attended this Assembly are as follozv vis 

Mr Jeremiah Wadsworth, Mr William Mosely, for Hartford 
Mr Gad Stanley, Mr Selah Hart, for Farmington ^ 

Mr Abraham Pettibone, , for Bristol 

Mr Jonathn Wells, Mr Samuel Flagg, for East Hartford 

Mr Frederick Elsworth, Mr Erastus Wolcott, for East Windsor 

Mr Elipt Terry, Mr Daniel Perkins, for Enfield 

Mr Timothy Pitkin Ju, Mr Solomon Cowles, for Farmington 

Mr Howell Woodbridge, Mr Elisha Hale, for Glastonbury 

Mr Pliny Hillyer, Mr Hezh Holcomb, for Granby 

1. The Assembly Journal shows that the legislature devoted a very large share 
of its time in this session to the problems of western lands and the proposals which 
resulted in the establishment of the Connecticut School Fund with the proceeds of 
the land sales. As an indirect result of this controversy Asa Spaulding of Norwich 
introduced a bill to arrange the names of persons nominated for governor, lieutenant 
governor, and assistants at the election in the order of the number of nominating 
votes received instead of according to seniority, but the Assembly rejected the pro- 
posal. The house also rejected a memorial asking for the incorporation of the 
Society of the Cincinnati in order to secure its funds, but later reconsidered and 
agreed to permit a bill. Nothing came of the concession. Evidence of the increasing 
cost of living, which the assembly was not yet willing to provide for generally, came 
in the form of proposals, both rejected, to increase the salaries of superior court 
judges and of the assemblymen themselves. 

2. A mistake for Berlin. 



1795. OF CONNECTICUT 227 

Mr Asa Barns, Mr Elizur Andrews, for Southington 
Mr Samuel Hale, Mr Gideon Granger Jr, for Suffield 
Mr Daniel Humphry, Mr Jonathn Pettibone, for Symsbury 
Mr Roger Wens,^ Mr Ezekiel P Belden, for Weathersfield 
Mr Henry Allen, Mr Hezh Bissell, for Windsor 
Mr David Daggett, Mr Elizur Goodrich, for New Haven 
Mr William Gould, Mr Timothy Hoadley, for Branford 
Mr Elnathan Beach, Mr Ruf us Hitchcock, for Cheshire 
Mr Daniel Holbrook, Mr John Humphry, for Derby 
Mr Simeon Parsons, Mr Dan Parmelee, for Durham 

Mr Samuel Davenport, , for East Haven 

Mr Andrew Ward, Mr Nathl Rossiter, for Guilford 

Mr Samuel Bellamy, , for Plampden 

Mr Charles Pond, Mr Abraham VH DeWitt, for Milford 

Mr Joseph Pierpoint, , for North Haven 

Mr Jared Potter, Mr Samuel Hall Jur, for Wallingford 
Mr Joseph Hopkins, Mr Aaron Benedict, for Waterbury 
Mr Thomas Darling, Mr Roger Peck, for Woodbridge 
Mr Marvin Wait, Mr George Williams, for New London 
Mr Elisha Hyde, Mr Asa Spalding, for Norwich 

Mr Nehemh Waterman Jur, for Bozrah 

Mr Henry Champion Jur, Mr John R Watrous, for Colchester 

Mr Silas Hartshorn, , for Franklin 

Mr Thomas Avery, Mr Benadam Gallup Jr, for Groton 

Mr Samuel Lovett, , for Lisbon 

Mr Israel Reeve, Mr Ezra Wait, for Lyme 

Mr Matthew Turner, , for Montville 

Mr Isaac Avery, Mr Elias Brown, for Preston 
Mr Latham Hull, Mr Sanford Billings, for Stonington 
Mr Andrew Rowland, Mr Lewiss B Sturges, for Fairfield 
Mr Elisha Whittlesey, Mr Eli Mygatt, for Danbury 

Mr Daniel B Cook, , for Brookfield 

Mr Jabez Fitch, Mr William Knapp, for Greenwich 
Mr Elisha Mills, Mr David Nichols, for Huntington 
Mr James Scofield, Mr Stephen Barns, for New Fairfield 
Mr William Edmond, Mr David Baldwin, for Newtown 
Mr Taylor Sherman, Mr Eliphalet Lockwood, for Norwalk 
Mr Thaddeus Benedict, Mr Aaron Barlow, for Reading 
Mr Joshua King, Mr David Olmsted 2d, for Ridgfield 
Mr David Maltby, Mr Thaddeus Weed, for Stamford 
Mr Samuel W Johnson, Mr Abijah Brooks, for Stratford 

3. Roger Welles died May 27, while the legislature was in session. The Assembly 
Journal, May 28, contains the following note: "From respect to the memory of the 
late Genl. Roger Welles at his death a member of this house, Resolved that this 
house will excuse the attendance of any of its members this afternoon, in the busi- 
ness of the house, for the purpose of attending on Genl Welle's funeral, and that each 
member of this house be desired to wear on his arm a badge of mourning during the 
remainder of this Session of Assembly." For a petition concerning the estate of 
Roger Welks, see below, p. 408. 



228 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

Mr John Sherwood, , for Weston 

Mr Timothy Larabee, Mr Shubael Abbe, for Windham 
Mr Esek Saunders, Mr Thomas Huntington, for Ashford 

Mr James Eldridge, , for Brooklyn 

Mr Moses Cleaveland, Mr EHsha Payne, for Canterbury 

Mr Ebenezer Mosely, , for Hampton 

Mr Sampson Howe, Mr Ezra Hutchins, for Kilhngley 
Mr Asahel Clark, Mr Daniel Tilden, for Lebanon 
Mr Daniel Crocker, Mr Frederick Freeman, for Mansfield 
Mr William Pierce. Mr Phineas Pierce, for Plainfield 
Mr Ebenezr Kingsbury, Mr Lemuel Ingals, for Pomfret 

Mr Anthony Brown, , for Sterling 

Mr Thaddeus Learned, , for Thompson 

Mr Samuel Robbins, , for Volentown 

Mr John Fox, Mr John McClellan, for Woodstock 
Mr John Allen, Mr Ephraim Kirby. for Litchfield 

Mr David Bellamy, , for Bethlem 

Mr Charles Burrall Junr, Mr John Watson, for Canaan 
Mr John Sedgwick, Mr Ebenezer Jackson, for Cornwall 
Mr Adino Hale, Mr Samuel Hopkins, for Goshen 
Mr Josiah Phelps, Mr Abner Willson, for Harwington 
Mr Uriel Holmes, Mr Israel Williams, for Hartland 

Mr Joseph Pratt, , for Kent 

Mr Seth Spencer, Mr John Henderson, for New Hartford 

Mr Josiah Starr, Mr Noble Hine, for New Milford 

Mr Giles Pettibone, Mr Nathl Stevens, for Norfolk 

Mr Hezh Fitch, Mr Joshua Porter, for Salisbury 

Mr David Downs, Mr Isaac Pardy, for Sharon 

Mr Elisha Smith, Mr William Battle, for Torrington 

Mr John Tallmadge, , for Warren 

Mr Joel Hinman, , for Southbury 

Mr Daniel N Brinsmade, Mr Peter Sherman, for Washington 
Mr Aner Bradley, Mr Joseph A Wright, for Watertown 

Mr Robert McCune, , for Winchester 

Mr Nathl Smith, Mr Samuel Orton, for Woodbury 

Mr Elijah Hubbard, Mr Samuel W Dana, for Middletown 

Mr Edward Selden, Mr Ezra Brainerd, for Haddam 

Mr Hezh Goodrich, Mr Joseph Sage, for Chatham 

Mr Epaphroditus Champion, Mr Isaac Spencer Jur, for East Haddam 

Mr Joseph Willcox 2d, Mr Abraham Pierson, for Killingworth 

Mr William Hart, Mr Jonathan Lay, for Saybrook 

Mr Daniel Edgerton, Mr Samuel Ladd, for Tolland 

Mr Samuel Carver, Mr Saul Alvord, for Bolton 

Mr John Hale, Mr Eleazer Pomeroy, for Coventry 

Mr Matthew Hyde, , for Ellington 

Mr Sylvester Gilbert, Mr Elijah House, for Hebron 
Mr Reuben Sykes, Mr Joshua Pomeroy, for Somers 
Mr John Phelps, Mr Jesse Cady, for Stafford 



1795. OF CONNECTICUT 229 

Mr Samuel Crawford, , for Union 

Mr John Johnson. Mr Elisha Johnson, for Willington 

David Daggett Esquire Speaker} ^^ ^^^ ^^^^^^ ^^ 

Hezekiah Bissell Esquire Clerky j^ , .■ 

c 1 ixr T-. T- • /-7 L Representatives 

bamuel W Dana Esquire Clerk} ^ 

This Day being appointed by the Laws of the said State of Connecticut 
for the Election of the Public Officers of the same viz the Governor Lieut 
Governor Assistants Treasurer «& Secretary Proclamation was made in 
Manner accustomed, and the Votes of the Freemen of the State were given 
in to the Persons appointed by both Houses of the Assembly to receive 
sort and count them and publicly to declare the Names of such Persons 
as shall be Chosen to the Offices aforementioned according to Law which 
Persons so appointed are William Williams Esqr Joseph Piatt Cook Esqr 
William Hillhouse Esqr John Treadwell Esqr Roger Newberry Esqr, 
Heman Swift Esqr, Jonathan Ingersoll Esqr Thomas Grosvenor Esqr 
Thomas Seymour Esqr Aaron Austin Esqr Selah Hart, Gideon Granger 
Jur Timothy Pitkin Jur Nathaniel Rossiter, Elizur Goodrich Samuel 
Bellamy Isaac Avery John R Watrous, Henry Champion Samuel W 
Johnson Lewiss B Sturges Daniel B Cook Shubael Abbe Daniel Crocker 
John McClellan, Joseph A Wright, Elisha Smith, John Talmadge Elijah 
Hubbard Epaphroditus Champion Abraham Pierson John Phelps Elea- 
zer Pomeroy & Jesse Cady who were all present and sworn by His Excel- 
lency the Governor to the faithfull discharge of the Trust aforesaid, And 
the Votes of the Freemen being brott in sorted and Counted by the Per- 
sons as aforesaid 

His Excellency Samuel Huntington Esquire is Chosen and publicly 
declared to be Governor of this State of Connecticut for the Year ensuing. 

The Honorable Oliver Wolcott Esquire is Chosen and publickly de- 
clared to be Lieutenat Governor of this State of Connecticut the Year 
ensuing,* 

William Williams Esqr, Joseph Piatt Cook Esqr, William Hillhouse 
Esqr John Treadwell Esqr, James Davenport Esqr, Roger Newberry 
Esqr, Heman Swift Esqr, Jonathan Ingersoll Esqr, Thomas Grosvenor 

4. Oliver Wolcott's name had not appeared in the hst of nominations presented to 
the assembly the previous October (see above, p. 194). In the September nominating 
election he had come out thirtieth of the group of eighty-five who received votes — 
he had polled only 1357 ballots — yet he was elected lieutenant governor in April 
1795 in accordance with a provision of the act regulating the election of the governor, 
lieutenant-governor, and assistants, which declared that "the Freemen shall have 
liberty to chose the Governor and Lieutenant-Governor, when they see Cause, of all 
or any Freemen within this State." This was the first instance in the state govern- 
ment of the election of a lieutenant-governor without his name having appeared on 
the nominating list. Wolcott's election at this time would appear to indicate that 
a state-wide animosity to the council of the previous year had pretty well disappeared. 



230 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

Esqr, Thomas Seymour Esqr, Aaron Austin Esqr & Jeremiah Wads- 
worth Esqr, were Chosen and pubHcly declared to be Assistants for the 
Year ensuing.^ 

Andrew Kingsbury Esqr is Chosen and publickly declared to be Treas- 
urer of this State for the Year ensuing. 

George Wyllys Esqr is Chosen and publicly declared to be Secretary of 
this State for the Year ensuing. 

The Governors Oath appointed by the Law of this State was duely 
administred to His Excellency Samuel Huntington Esqr now Chosen 
Governor of this State of Connecticut who thereupon took his Seat in the 
Assembly accordingly. 

The Lieutenant Governors Oath appointed by the Law of this State 
was duely Administred to The Honorable Oliver Wolcott Esqr now 
Chosen Lieut Governor of this State of Connecticut who thereupon took 
his Seat in the Assembly accordingly. 

The Assistants Oath appointed by the Law of this State was duely 
administred to William Williams Joseph P Cook, William Hillhouse John 
Treadwell, James Davenport Roger Newberry Heman Swift, Jonathan 
Ingersoll, Thomas Grosvenor, Thomas Seymour Aaron Austin & Jere- 
miah \\'adsworth Esquires now Chosen Assistants in and over this State 
of Connecticut, who thereupon took their Seats in the Assembly accord- 
ingly. 

The Treasurers Oath appointed by the Law of this State was duely 
administred to Andrew Kingsbury Esqr now Chosen Treasurer of said 
State. 

The Secretarys Oath appointed by the Law of this State was duely 
administred to George Wyllys Esqr now Chosen Secretary of said State. 

Ordered that the Honble, William Hillhouse and Samuel Lovat Esqr, 
return the Thanks of this Assembly to the Revd Mr Andrew Lee, for his 

5. The Assembly Journal for May 14 records a piece of business that reflects the 
opposition in the State to the way in which council nominations were listed. "The 
Joint Committee, appointed as before mentioned, rejected the votes for Assistants 
sent from Wallingford and Harwinton; the rejection was made in consequence 
of their being illegally taken in not propounding the persons nominated to stand for 
election according to the order in which they were arranged in the nomination pub- 
lished for the General Assembly. Before the rejection of the votes above mentioned, 
the Sheriff was directed to call for the representatives from those towns that they 
might be heard on the Subject, if they choose; but, they not appearing, and the 
irregularity above mentioned being proved by witnesses sworn before the Committee, 
the votes were rejected as above — there not being a single vote, in the Committee, 
for their admission." 



1795. OF CONNECTICUT 231 

Sermon delivered before this Assembly at the General Election on the 
14th Instant and desire a Copy thereof that it may be printed.*' 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble Andrew Adams to be Chief 
Judge of the Superior Court in and over this State for the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble Jesse Root Jonathan Sturges, 
Benjamin Huntington & Asher Miller Esquires to be Judges of the Su- 
perior Court in and over this State for the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble Stephen M Mitchell to be Judge 
of the County Court within & for the County of Hartford for the Year 
ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Samuel Bishop Esqr to be Judge of the 
County Court for the County of New Haven the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble William Hillhouse to be Judge 
of the County Court in and for the County of New London the Year 
ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble Joseph P Cook to be Judge of 
the County Court in and for the County of Fairfield the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble William Williams to be Judge of 
the County Court in and for the County of Windham the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Joshua Porter Esqr to be Judge of the County 
Court in and for the County of Litchfield the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint William Hart Esqr to be Judge of the County 
Court in and for the County of Middlesex the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Samuel Gilbert Esqr to be Judge of the 
County Court in and for the County of Tolland the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Jonathan Bull Esqr to be Judge of the Court 
of Probate for the District of Hartford the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Samuel Bishop Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the District of New Haven the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble William Hillhouse to be Judge of 
the Court of Probate for the District of New London the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Andrew Rowland Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the District of Fairfield the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble William Williams to be Judge 
of the Court of Probate for the District of Windham the Year ensuing. 

6. The Origin and Ends of Civil Government; zvith Reflexions on the Distin- 
guished Happiness of the United States. A Sermon preached before . . . Samuel 
Huntington Governor . . . and the . . . General Assembly of the State of Connecticut 
at Hartford, on the Day of the Anniversary Election, May 14, 1795 (Hartford, 
1795). The Rev. Andrew Lee, 1795-1832, was pastor of the Eighth Church in Nor- 
wich. Born in Lyme, he graduated from Yale in 1766, and began preaching in Norwich 
two years later. He served as army chaplain during the Revolution. Harvard gave 
him the honorary degree of D.S.T. in 1809. He was a member of the Yale Corpora- 
tion, 1807-1823. F. B. Dexter, Biographical Sketches of the Graduates of Yale Col- 
lege, III, 189-193; F. M. Caulkins, History of Norzmch, Contiecticitt, p. 444. 



232 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble Oliver Wolcott to be Judge of 
the Court of Probate for the District of Litchfield the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint John Dickinson Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the District of Middletown the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint James Gordon Esqr to be Judge of the Court 
of Probate for the District of Plainfield the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Edward Russell Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the District of Guilford the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Nathan Preston Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the District of Woodbury the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint John Davenport Jur Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the District of Stamford the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble Joseph P Cook to be Judge of 
the Court of Probate for the District of Danbury the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Isaac Spencer Junr Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the District of East Haddam the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Andrew Huntington Esqr to be Judge of 
the Court of Probate for the District of Norwich the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble Thomas Grosvenor to be Judge of 
the Court of Probate for the District of Pomfret the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Joshua Porter Esqr to be Judge of the Court 
of Probate for the District of Sharon the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint John Phelps Esqr to be Judge of the Court 
of Probate for the District of Stafford the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Noah Phelps Esqr to be Judge of the Court 
of Probate for the District of Symsbury the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Charles Phelps Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the District of Stonington the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble John Treadwell to be Judge of 
the Court of Probate for the District of Farmington the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do apoint Oliver Stanley Esqr to be Judge of the Court 
of Probate for the District of Wallingford the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Hezekiah Lane Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the District of Saybrook the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Robert Walker Esqr to be Judge of the Court 
of Probate for the District of Stratford the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Erastus Wolcott Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the District of East Windsor the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Joseph Hopkins Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the District of Waterbury the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Giles Pettibone Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the District of Norfolk the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Daniel Everett Esqr to be Judge of the Court 
of Probate for the District of New Milford the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Samuel Gilbert Esqr to be Judge of the 
Court of Probate for the District of Hebron the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble John Treadwell and the Honble 
Thomas Seymour to he Justices of the Quorum and the Honble John 



1795. OF CONNFXTICUT 233 

Chester to be Justice of the Peace & Quorum & the Honble Roger New- 
berry to be Justice of the Quorum for Hartford County the Year ensuing. 
This Assembly do appoint George Wyllys, John Lawrence Noah Web- 
ster, Jonathan Bull Samuel Wyllys Ralph Pomeroy William Mosely, 
John Trumbull Nathan Haynes Whiting, Thomas Young Seymour Chaun- 
cey Goodrich, Jonathan Brace WilHam Imlay, Stephen M Mitchell, 
Charles Churchill Samuel Wm Williams, Joseph Bulkley Henry Allyn 
Oliver Elsworth Hezekiah Bissell, Solomon Griswold Oliver Mather 
Abiel Griswold, Ichabod Norton \\'illiam Judd John Mix Timothy Pit- 
kin Junr Daniel Plumphry Noah Phelps, Dudley Pettibone Reui:)en Hum- 
phry Gideon Granger Thaddeus Leavitt Amos Granger, Oliver Phelps 
Asahel Hatheway, Eliphalet Terry Nathaniel Terry, Josiah Hale, PhiHp 
Selew Elizur Hale, John Curtiss Timothy Clark Mark Harrison WilHam 
Wolcott Frederick Ellsworth Erastus Wolcott Roswell Grant, George 
Pitkin Jonathan Wells Elisha Pitkin Ashbel Pitkin, Richard Pitkin 
Timothy Cheney, Selah Hart, Isaac Lee Gad Stanley Solomon Dunham 
Amos Hosford Simeon Hart Zeluilon Peck Junr Joseph Byington Asahel 
Holcomb Ozias Pettibone Judah Holcomb Junr Pliny Hyllier Andrew 
Hillyer Joseph Forward & tiezekiah Holcomb Esquires to be Justices of 
the Peace within and for the County of Hartford the Year ensuing. 

Whereas Noadiah Hooker Esqr a Justice of the Peace for Hartford 
County the Year past, inadvertently omitted to pay the Treasurer within 
the Time prescribed by Law the Duties he received on Writts & Processes 
owing to his close attention to the drawing the State House Lottery, but 
having discovered his neglect on the 21st Day of May last he instantly 
paid in the same, 

Resolved by this Assembly that the said Noadiah Hooker Esqr be and 
he is hereby appointed and 'Authorized to execute the Office of Justice 
of the Peace for said County of Hartford for the current Year anything 
in the disquaHfying Act of this State to the contrary notwithstanding.'^ 

Whereas John Reynolds Esqr. a Justice of the Peace for the County 
of Hartford the Year past omitted to pay the Treasurer within the Time 
prescribed by Law the Duties he received on Writs & Processes pwing to 
a providential hurt which happened to his Son but that he hath since paid 
the same, 

Resolved by this Assembly, that the said John Reynolds Esqr be and 
he is hereby appointed and Authorized to execute the office of a Justice 
of the Peace for said County of Hartford for the current Year anything in 
the disqualifying Act of this State to the contrary notwithstanding.^ 

Whereas Josiah Bissell Esqr a Justice of the Peace for the County of 
Hartford the Year past omitted to pay the Treasurer within the Time 

7 The disqualifying act is the Act in Addition to an Act Entitled An Act Laying 
a Duty in Certain Cases, passed May 1789. Conn. State Records, VII, 11. For 
Noadiah Hooker's appointment in May 1794 see above p. 133. 

8. For John Reynolds' appointment in May 1794, see above, p. 134. 



234 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

prescribed by Law tbe Duties be received on Writs & Processes owing to 
his not attending to tbe alteration of Law wbich directs said Duties to be 
paid between tbe lOtb & 20tb Days of May, but that immediately after his 
discovery of said Omission on the 23d Day of May last he paid tbe same 
Resolved by fliis Assembly that the said Josiah Bissell Esqr be and he 
is hereby appointed and Authorized to execute tbe Office of a Justice of 
tbe Peace for said County of Hartford for the current Year any thing in 
the disqualifying Act of this State to the contrary notwithstanding.^ 

This Assembly do appoint Joseph Hopkins AndrewWard Gideon Buck- 
ingham and Simeon Bristol Esquires Justices of the Peace and Quorum 
for tbe County of New Haven the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Samuel Bishop David Austin Timothy Jones 
Henry Dagget Stephen Ball, Joseph Darling Joseph Bradley Dyer White 
Nebemiah Smith Ephraim Strong Lewis Mallet Stephen Gunn Eliphalet 
Hotchkiss Thomas Clark John Humphry, Levi Tomlinson Webb Tom- 
linson John Wilton Phineas Porter John Lewiss Junr Ethel Brunson 
Samuel Beach John Peck Barber Atwater. Oliver Stanley Caleb Cook 
Samuel Whiting Brenton Hall Eliakim Hall John McCleave Samuel 
Woodruff Simeon Parsons Dan Parmelee Augustus Collins Thomas 
Burgess Jun, Elias Graves William Starr Miles Munger Jonathan Todd 
Henry Hill Abraham Chittenden Junr Edward Russell Ebenezer Russell 
Jonah Clark John Russell Josiah Bradley Samuel Davenport Thomas 
Mansfield Joseph Pierpoint Samuel Mix Bazel Munson John Hubbard 
David French Thomas Darling Elizur Goodrich David Dagget & Abraham 
VH DeWitt & Andrew Hall Esqrs, to be Justices of tbe Peace within 
and for tbe County of New Haven the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint William Noyes, Charles Phelps Benjamin 
Coit and Marvin Wait Esquires Justices of tbe Peace & Quorum within 
and for tbe County of New London the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Timothy Green Joshua Coit Griswold Avery 
Joseph Harriss, Thomas Shaw Jeremiah G Brainerd George Williams 
Jonathan Starr Elijah Backus Christopher Leftingwell Samuel Tracy. 
Rufus Lathrop Samuel Leffingwell Jonathan Huntington John M Breed 
Andrew Tracy Benjamin Huntington Junr Andrew Huntington Elisha 
Hyde Samuel Mott John Tyler, Jeremiah Halsey Elias Brown Daniel 
Morgan Junr Oliver Crary Nathl Lord Natbl Minor Jonathan Palmer 
William Williams Joshua Babcock Elijah Palmer Latham Hull Ebenezer 
Ledyard Thomas N Niles Amos Geer Thomas Avery Stephen Billings, 
Charles Eldridge Junr Ezra Selden Richard Wait Seth Ely Andrew Gris- 
wold Matthew Griswold Jr David F Sill Moses Warren Junr John 
Watrous David Kilborn Henry Champion Junr Eliphalet Bulkley, Ebene- 
zer Lathrop, Joel Foot Nebemiah Waterman Junr Benjamin Troop Eli 
Hyde John Perkins, Ezra Bishop John G Hillhouse Joshua Raymond, 
Asa Spalding Isaac Avery Sanford Billings Simeon Avery & Silas Harts- 

9. For Josiah Bissell's appointment in May 1794, see above, p. 133. 



1795. OF CONNECTICUT 235 

horn Esqrs Justices of the Peace within and for the County of New 
London for the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Daniel Foot Esqr a Justice of the Peace for 
tlie County of New London the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Lemuel Sanford & Philip Burr Bradley 
Esqrs. Justices of the Peace & Quorum, the Honble, James Davenport 
Esqr a Justice of the Quorum & Samuel William Johnson Esqr Justice 
of the Peace & Quorum for the County of Fairfield for the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Robert Walker Abijah McEwen Abijah 
Starling Jabez Huntington Tomlinson Abraham Brinsmade Daniel Fair- 
child Daniel Judson Thaddeus Benedict Joseph Strong Joseph Noyes 
David Allen, Lewiss B Sturges Andrew Rowland Ebenezer Jessup Walter 
Bradley Thaddeus Betts, Eliphalet Lockwood Job Bartram Matthew 
Mead John Davenport Junr Charles Webb. Reuben Scovield David Malt- 
by Amos Mead Jabez Fitch John McKay, Benjamin Mead, John Bene- 
dict, Daniel Cooley, Elisha Whittlesey Eli Mygatt, Thomas Taylor Andrew 
L Hill, John Sherwood Samuel B Sherwood W^illiam Edmond Jabez Bots- 
ford David Baldwin, Henry Peck, Joseph Smith Amos Wheeler James 
Potter Dan Towner Nehemiah Beardsley Elisha Mills, Agur Judson 
Ebenezer Beach, Deodate Silliman Joshua King William Forrester Nathan 
Wheeler & Daniel Benedict Cook Esqrs. Justices of the Peace for the 
County of Fairfield the Year ensuing. 

Whereas George Burr Esqr. a Justice of the Peace for Fairfield County 
in the Year past forwarded to Hartford by the 20th of May last his 
Certificate of Duties received on W^rits and Civil Processes together with 
Money to pay the same but the person who received said Certificate and 
Money omitted to settle with the Treasurer untill the Morning of the 
21st of said May when the same was paid to said Treasurer, 

Resolved by this Assembly that the said George Burr Esqr be and he 
is hereby appointed to execute the Ot^ce of Justice of the Peace for said 
County of Fairfield the current Year anything in the disqualifying Act of 
this State to the contrary notwithstanding.^^ 

Whereas Philip Nichols Esqr a Justice of the Peace for Fairfield 
County for the Year past was on a Journey out of this State and omitted to 
pay the Duties which he had Collected to the Treasurer of the State within 
the term prescribed by Law, and said Nichols hath since returned and paid 
said Duties to the Treasurer on the 27th Day of May last 

therefore Resolved by tliis Assembly that Philip Nichols Esqr be and 
he is hereby appointed and Authorized to execute the Oftice of Justice 
of Peace for said County of Fairfield for the current Year any Thing in 
the disquahfying Act of this State [to the contrary] notwithstanding.^^ 

This Assembly do appoint Ebenezer Devotion Constant Southworth 
Esquires Justices of the Peace & Quorum, the Honble Thomas Gros- 

10. For George Burr's appointment in May 1794, see above, p. 135. 

11. For Philip Nichols' appointment in May 1794, see above, p. 135. 



236 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

venor Esqr a Justice of the Quorum, and James Gordon Esqr. a Justice 
of the Peace & Quorum within and for the County of Windham for the 
Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint EHphalet Dyer Hezekiah Manning Heze- 
kiah Ripley Zephaniah Swift Timothy Larrabee Samuel Gray Jabez 
Clark Jonathan Trumbull John Clark James Pineo, Elkanah Tisdale 
Peleg Thomas Jeremiah Mason Daniel Tilden William Dixon Andrew 
Backus, John Douglas, Joshua Dunlap Anthony Bradford Sherebiah Bull, 
Daniel Frost, Eliashib Adams Moses Cleaveland Elisha Payne Luther 
Payne Alexander Gordon Allen Campbell Joseph Wylie, Lemuel Ingalls, 
John Salter, Experience Storrs, Frederick Freeman Elisha Child Jede- 
diah Morse Nathaniel Marcy John McClellan Nehemiah Child Simeon 
Smith Abel Simmons Jr Samuel Spring Sampson Howe Eleazer Moffat 
James Dennison Jason Phips Thomas Dyke Thaddeus Learned Joseph 
Baker, Joseph Scarborough James Eldridge, Ebenezer Mosely Isaac 
Bennet John Gaston Benjamin Dowe Lemuel Dorrance, Ebenezer Kings- 
bury Lemuel Grosvenor John Fox Ezra Hutchins Calvin Goddard & 
Jonas Byles Esqrs. to l)e Justices of the Peace within and for the County 
of Windham for the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Jesse Williams a Justice of the Peace in and 
for the County of Windham for the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble Heman Swift the Honble Aaron 
Austin Justices of the Quorum & Nathan Hale & David Smith Esqrs. 
Justices of the Peace & Quorum for the County of Litchfield the Year 
ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Joshua Porter Isaac Baldwin Tapping Reeve 
James Morriss Uriah Tracy, John Welch Daniel Sherman Hezekiah 
Thompson Nathan Preston Curtiss Hurd, Benjamin Hinman, Edward 
Hinman, Justus Johnson. Benjamin Stiles Jr Sherman Boardman Daniel 
Everitt Josiah Starr Nicholas S Masters, Jethro Flatch, Jedediah Hub- 
bell John Eliott, David Downs. Isaac Pardy Augustin Taylor, Lott Norton 
Adonijah Strong Samuel Lee, Charles Burrall, Samuel Forl)es, Giles 
Pettibone Asahel Humphry Asaph Hall Adino Hale, John Pierce. Judah 
Kellogg, Edward Rogers Justus Sackett Nathaniel Swift Daniel N Brins- 
made, David Whittlesey, David Judson, Oliver Parmelee David Ambler, 
Thomas Fenn Daniel Potter, Eli Curtiss Mark Prindle, Daniel Catlin 
Junr, Epaphras Sheldon, Shubael Griswold, Elisha Smith Eliphaz Alvord 
Elijah Rockwell, Eleazer Ensign Uriel Holmes Joseph Wilder & Samuel 
Hayden Esqrs, to be Justices of the Peace within and for the County of 
Litchfield the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Seth Spencer Israel Jones Junr, John Tall- 
madge Daniel Bellamy & John Whittlesey Esqrs., Justices of the Peace 
within and for the County of Litchfield the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Reuben Warner Junr to be a Justice of the 
Peace within and for the County of Litchfield for the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint John Dickinson, Ebenezer White Heze- 
kiah Lane & Jabez Chapman Esqrs, to be Justices of the Peace and Quorum 
in and for the County of Middlesex for the Year ensuing. 



1795. OF CONNECTICUT 237 

This Assembly do appoint William Hart Matthew Talcott, Comfort 
Sage. Isaac Miller. Elijah Hubbard, Samuel W Dana Amos Churchill, 
Isaac Gridley, Chauncey Whittlesey Stephen Titus Hosmer, Hezekiah 
Brainerd Nehemiah Brainerd. Cornelius Higgins Ezra Brainerd, Timo- 
thy Starkey, Jedediah Chapman, Samuel TuUey, Thomas Silliman Jona- 
than Lay Samuel Hart, George Eliott, Job Wright Abraham Pierson 
Martin Lord William Morgan, Joseph Wilcox 2d, Bozaleel BristollTimo- 
thy Gates, Israel Spencer, John Percivall, Isaac Spencer Junr, Eliphalet 
Holmes, Jonathan Ogden Mosely Bryan Parmelee Hezekiah Goodrich 
Chauncey Bulkley, James Bill Edward Selden, John Bull & Daniel Shep- 
ard Junr Esquires to be Justices of the Peace in and for the County of 
Middlesex for the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Jeremiah Ripley. Reuben Sikes Jeremiah 
West and Jesse Cady Esquires Justices of the Peace S: Quorum within 
and for the" County of Tolland the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Samuel Gilbert Samuel Qiapman Samuel 
Whittlesey, Samuel Carver, Ichabod Warner, Oliver King, Ephraim 
Kingsbury Benajah Strong, John Hale Abraham Burnap, Daniel Els- 
worth Matthew Hyde Levi Wells, Elijah Kellogg, Elisha Marvin, Silves- 
ter Gilbert, Benjamin Buell Timothy Dutton, Joseph Parker John Phelps, 
Thomas Pitkin Solomon Wales, John Sessions Samuel Dunton & Elisha 
Johnson Esquires to be Justices of the Peace within and for the County 
of Tolland the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Samuel Hale & Samuel Flagg Esqrs. to be 
Justices of the Peace within and for the County of Hartford the Year 
ensuing. 



An Act appropriating the Moneys which shall arise on the Sale of the Western 
Lands belonging to this State.^- 

Be it Enacted by the Governor and Council and House of Representa- 
tives in General Court Assembled, That the principal Sum which shall be 
received on the Sale of the Lands belonging to this State lying West of 
Pensylvania, shall be and remain a perpetual Fund for the purposes 

12. This act marked the end of the controversy, lasting nearly two years, over the 
appropriation of the avails of the western lands. The act of Oct. 1793, which estab- 
lished the avails as a fund for education and for support of the ministry, had been 
bitterly resented by many elements among the people (see note, p. 100). Following 
passage of this act, town meetings in various sections of the state had condemned 
both it and the plan for selling the western land as soon as possible. In May 1794 
the lower house voted to repeal the act, but the council dissented. This action on the 
part of the upper house led to a long and vitriolic newspaper correspondence in the 
summer and early autumn of 1794 over the past, present, and future functions and 
constitutional position of the council in state government. 

In October 1794 the lower house again voted to repeal the appropriation act; then, 
on the council's refusal to concur and proposal for a new appropriation act, (text 
of the proposed act is in Connecticut Courant, Nov. 3, 1794) postponed the issue 
until the following spring for the specific purpose of giving the freemen a chance to 



238 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

hereafter mentioned in this Act to be Loaned or otherwise improved for 
those purposes as the General Assembly shall direct ; and the Interest 
arising therefrom shall be and hereby is appropriated to the support of 
Schools in the several Societies constituted or which may be Constituted 
by Law within certain Local Bounds within this State, to be kept accord- 
ing to the Provisions of Law which shall from Time to Time be made 
and to no other Use or Purpose whatsoever ; except in the Case and under 
the Circumstances hereafter mentioned in this Act. 

Be it further Enacted, that the said Interest as it shall become due from 
Time to Time shall be paid over to the said Societies in their Capacity of 
School Societies, according to the List of Poll's and rateable Estate of 
such Societies respectively which shall when such payment shall be made, 
have been last perfected. 

Provided nevertheless, and he it further Enacted, That whenever such 
Society shall pursuant to a Vote of such Society passed in a legal Meeting 
warned for that purpose only, in which Vote two thirds of the Legal Voters 
present in such Meeting shall concur, apply to the General Assembly re- 
questing Liberty to improve their proportion of said Interest, or any part 
therof for the support of the Christian Ministry or the Public Worship of 

express their opinion. Town meetings during the winter and spring of 1795 showed 
a fairly strong trend in favor of the new bill, although there was still considerable oppo- 
sition to sale of the land at that time. The Rev. Timothy Dwight, soon to be presi- 
dent of Yale, came out openly in favor of the bill in his Thanksgiving Day sermon 
at Greenfield Hill, which was published in the newspapers. When the legislature 
met in May, the lower house at first rejected the council bill, then, after a conference 
committee had worked on it, accepted it with amendments that made it clearly a 
school rather than a clerical support act and that specifically repealed the act of 1793. 
No society ever applied to have its funds diverted to ministerial support. 

This act created the nucleus of the Connecticut School Fund. The Western lands 
were sold in the autumn of 1795 for $1,200,000. The first dividend was paid in 1799, 
the second in 1800. In the latter year the legislature appointed a Board of Managers 
for the fund, which in 1810 turned over its functions to James Hillhouse, Commis- 
sioner of the School Fund, who set up the scheme as it operated during the nine- 
teenth century. The State Constitution of 1818 provided that the money should remain 
a perpetual fund for the support of public or common schools throughout the state. 
In the first thirteen years of its existence, from 1797, when payment of interest first 
began, to 1810, when James Hillhouse took over as Commissioner, the total amount 
of dividends paid to the school societies was $456,757.44, or an average of $35,135.19 
per year. 

The best source for the long controversy over the appropriation act is the Connecti- 
cut newspapers of the period. The Conn. Courant, Conn. Journal Conn Gazette 
and American Mercury, Oct.-Dec. 1793, all of 1794, and Tan.-June 1795 contain 
scores of articles, letters, and sermons discussing various aspects of the question 
They reported fully most of the assembly debates in May 1794. The Assembly Journal 
for the Oct. session 1793, May and Oct. 1794, and May 1795 shows the course the 
bills took during debate and gives several figures on votes in the lower house. The 
text of the repeal bill is in the Connecticut State Archives, Schools and Colleges, 
Second Series, I, 3a. For other books on the subject, see M. Louise Greene, The 
Development of Religious Liberty in Connecticut (Boston and New York, 1905) 




\?^^h\ ?oo^ ^' '" ^" ^" O^born, ed.. History of Connecticut in Monographic Form, 
V, lo4-188. 



1795. OF CONNECTICUT 239 

God. the General Assembly shall have full power to grant such request 
during their pleasiu'e ; and in Case of any such Grant the School Society 
shall pay over the amount so granted to the religious Societies Churches 
or Congregations of all denominations of Christians with its Limits to 
be proportioned to be proportioned [sic] to such Societies Churches or 
Congregations according to the List of their respective Inhabitants or 
Members which shall when such payment shall from Time to Time be 
made have been last perfected And in Case there shall be in such School 
Societys any Individuals composing a part only of any such religious So- 
ciety Church or Congregation, then the proportion of such Individuals 
shall be paid to the Order of the Body to which they belong by the Rule 
aforesaid, and the Money of such Individuals shall be discounted from 
their Ministerial Taxes or Contributions, and in that way inure to their 
Exclusive Benefit : And the Moneys so paid over shall be applied to the 
purposes of the Grant, and to no other whatsoever ; 

Be if further Enacted that if any Society Church or Congregation shall 
apply any of the aforsd Moneys to any other LTse or purpose than those 
to which they shall or may have a right to apply them pursuant to this 
Act such Society Qiurch or Congregation shall forfeit and pay a Sum 
equal to that so misapplied to the Public Treasury of this State, 

Be it further Enacted that all the Inhabitants living within the Limits 
of the Located Societies who by Law have or may have a right to Vote in 
Town Meetings, shall Meet some Time in the Month of October Annually 
in the wav and manner prescribed in the Statute Entitled "An Act for 
forming Ordering and regulating Societies" and being so met shall exer- 
cise the Powers given in and by said Act in Organizing themselves and in 
apointing the necessary Officers as therein directed for the Year ensuing 
and may transact any other Business on the Subject of Schooling in 
General and touching the Moneys hereby appropriated to their Use in 
particular according to Law, and shall have Power to Adjourn from Time 
to Time as they shall think proper. 

Be it further Enacted that the Inhabitants or Members of the several 
religious Societies Church or Congregations aforesaid who have Right 
by Law to Vote in their respective Meetings on the Subject of Ministry, 
and the public Worship of God, shall assemble themselves some time in 
the Month of December annually, or at such other Time as they shall 
Judge convenient, and may Organize themselves and appoint the neces- 
sary Officers as in said Act is directed, all in the Way and manner therein 
prescribed with Power to Adjourn from Time to Time as they may think 
proper and in any of their said Meetings they shall have power to transact 
any Business relating to the Ministry and the Public Worship of God 
according to Law, but shall have no power to act on the Subject of School- 
ing, any Law Usage or Custom to the contrary notwithstanding 

Be it further Enacted, That an Act passed October 1793, Entitled an 
Act for the establishing a fund for the support of the Gospel Ministry, 
and Schools of Education ^^ be and the same is hereby Repealed. 

13. See above, pp. 100-101. 



240 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

An Act providing Compensation to the Judges of the Superior Court for Sessions 
thereof holden by Adjournment. 

Be it Enacted by the Governor and Council and House of Representa- 
tives in General Court Assembled, That for such Sessions of the said 
Court as shall necessarily be holden by Adjournment in the several Coun- 
ties the Chief Judge thereof shall receive three Dollars and fifty Cents, 
and the rest of the Judges three Dollars a Day each as Compensation there- 
for, And this Act shatl Continue in force untill the first Day of January, 
One Thousand seven Hundred & ninety seven. 



An Act for providing and regulating of Jurors in Civil Actions. 

Be it Enacted by the Governor and Council and House of Representa- 
tives in General Court Assembled, That the Civil Authority Select Men 
Constables & Grand Jury Men in the several Towns hereafter in this Act 
named, shall sometime in the Month of January annually meet together, 
and when so met shall Choose to serve as Jurymen in the several Superior 
and County Courts in that County to which such Towns respectively be- 
long, such a number of their able Judicious Freeholders as is hereafter 
in this Act prescribed each of which Freeholder shall have a Freehold Es- 
tate rated in the General List at fifty shillings or more ; 

Provided that no Person holding the Office of Grand Juror, shall be 
eligible to the Office of Petit Juror, And that in each of the said Towns 
hereafter named there shall be a Box provided at the Cost of the Town 
with a Lock to it, and lodged in the Town Clerks Hands ; And when the 
Jurymen are Chosen as aforesaid the Town Clerk shall Write each Mans 
Name so nominated on a Peice of Paper by itself and put the several 
Names so written in the said Box, and keep the same locked in his Hands 
that the said Names may be drawn as hereafter provided, 

Be it Enacted by the Authority aforesaid That some convenient Time 
before the sitting- of the aforesaid Courts the Clerk of the Superior and of 
the respective County Courts in this State, shall Issue out Warrants di- 
rected to either of the Constables of the several Towns hereafter named, or 
to some of them in the County in which the Court is to be held to summons 
[sic] & warn so many Able Judicious and lawfull Freeholders of their 
Town as the Warrant directs to attend and serve as Jurors at such Court, 
And the Jurors of the Superior Court shall be summoned to attend at 
two of the Clock on the first Day of the Sessions of sd Court And the 
Jurors for the County Courts shall be Summoned to attend at eight of 
the Clock on the third Day of the Sessions of said Court, and when any 
Constable shall receive any such Warrant, to summon any certain number 
of Jurymen to attend and serve as such at any of the said Courts he shall 
repair to the Town Clerk and in his presence or in his absence in the 
presence of One of the Select Men of such Town or a Justice of the 
Peace, draw out of the Box aforesaid the Number his Warrant directs 
him to Summon, without seeing those Names he draws before he draws 
them, and having so done shall then proceed to summon those Men for 
Jurymen whose Names he has so drawn, but if any or all the Men whose 



1795. 



OF CONNECTICUT 



241 



Names are thus drawn be at the Time either from Home or Sick or other- 
wise unavoidably hindered from attending such Court, his or their Name 
or Names shall be returned into said Box. and others in his or their room 
drawn and summoned in manner aforesaid And the Constable shall make 
timely return of his Warrant unto the Clerk that Granted the same with 
an indorsement thereon Certifying whom he hath summoned for the pur- 
pose aforesaid, On pain that every Constable failing of his Duty therein 
shall forfeit and pay unto the County Treasurer for the Use of the County 
a fine not exceeding five Dollars at the discretion of the Judges of the 
Court unless such Constable shall seasonably make his excuse to the 
acceptance of said Court. 

Be it further Enacted by tJie Authority aforesaid That if any Juryman 
Chosen drawn and summoned as afoi*visaid shall make Default of ap- 
pearance according to the directions of such Warrant he shall forfeit and 
pay to the Treasurer of the County wherein he dwells the Sum of two 
Dollars unless the Court on hearing the excuses made on his behalf shall 
Judge them sufficient. An the several Towns hereafter named shall Choose 
the number of Turvmen to each Town annexed. 



For Hartford County 


For N'ew London 


County 


Hartford 


Twelve 


New London 


Twelve 


East Hartford 


Twelve 


Norwich 


Twelve 


Weathersfield 


Twenty two 


Preston 


Fifteen 


Windsor 


Twelve 


Stonington 


Fifteen 


Farmington 


Ten 


Groton 


Fifteen 


Symsbury 


Nine 


Lyme 


Fifteen 


Glastonburv 


Twelve 


Colchester 


Eight 


Enfield 


Ten 


Bozrah 


Five 


Suftield 


Ten 


Franklin 


Eight 


East Windsor 


Twelve 


Lisbon 


Five 


Southington 


Seven 


Montville 


Eight 


Berlin 


Seven 






Bristol 
Granby 


Six 
Nine 


For Fairfield County 






Fairfield 


1 hirteen 


For Nezv Haven County 


Stratford 


Twelve 


New Haven 


Twelve 


Norwalk 


Twenty 


Wallingfor 


Eleven 


Stanford 


Twelve 


Milford 


Fourteen 


Danbury 


Twelve 


Branford 


Twelve 


Newtown 


Twelve 


Guilford 


Fifteen 


Ridgfield 


Ten 


Durham 


Eight 


Greenwich 


Ten 


Derby 


Eight 


Redding 


Ten 


Waterbury 


Eight 


New Fairfield 


Eight 


Cheshire 


Eight 


Brookfield 


Six 


Woodbridge 


Eight 


Huntington 


Nine 


East Haven 


Five 


Weston 


Eight 


Hamden 


Seven 






North Haven 


Seven 







242 



PUBLIC RECORDS 



May, 



For Windham County 



Windham 

Lebanon 

Plainfield 

Canterbury 

Pomfret 

Voluntown 

Ashford 

Mansfield 

Woodstock 

Brooklyn 

Hampton 

Killingley 

Sterling 

Thompson 



Twelve 

Twelve 

Twelve 

Twelve 

Ten 

Seven 

Twelve 

Twelve 

Eight 

Eight 

Eight 

Eight 

Seven 

Seven 



For Litchfield County 



Litchfield 

Woodbury 

New Milford 

Kent 

Sharon 

Salisbury 

Canaan 

Cornwall 

Goshen 

Harwington 

New Hartford 

Torrington 

Norfolk 



Fourteen 

Seven 

Twelve 

Six 

Ten 

Ten 

Ten 

Ten 

Ten 

Eight 

Eight 

Eight 

Eight 



Washington 

Watertown 

Winchester 

Hartland 

Bethlem 

Warren 

Southberry 

Colebrook 

Barkhemsted 

Plvmouth 



Eight 

Five 

Five 

Five 

Five 

Five 

Five 

Five 

Five 

Five 



For Middlesex County 

Middletown Twenty 

Haddam Twelve 

Qiatham Twelve 

East Haddam Fourteen 

Killingworth Twelve 

Savbrook Fourteen 



For Tolland Countv 



Tolland 

Bolton 

Coventry 

Ellington 

Hebron 

Somers 

Stafford 

Union 

Willington 



Fourteen 

Ten 

Twelve 

Ten 

Twelve 

Twelve 

Twelve 

Eight 

Twelve 



And if any of the said Towns sliall neglect or refuse to provide such Box, 
or the Officers aforesaid shall neglect to Choose such Jurymen as herein 
provided such Town shall forfeit and pay to the Treasurer of the County 
to which it belongs the Sum of eight Dollars to be recovered on Informa- 
tion made by the State Attorney of that County to the County Court, in 
which Tryal no appeal shall be allowed, 

And be it further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid that if it shall 
so happen that a sufficient number of Jurors summoned as aforesaid do 
not appear, or if by a reason of Challenges or for other Cause there shall 
not be a sufficient number of lawfull Men to make up the pannell or pannells 
ordered by the Court to attend the same, the Court shall Order the Jury 
or Juries to be made or filled up of any good and lawfull Freeholders in 
the County whose Names shall be returned by the Sheriff, and where the 
Sheriff is concerned or related to either of the parties in the Case by the 
Constable or such Officer as the Court shall appoint, which Jurors being 



1795. OF CONNECTICUT 243 

so returned shall attend the Service on the Penalty above Ordered to be 
inflicted on those who make Default of Appearance, 

And be it further Enacted that every Constable that shall Summon such 
Jurors shall be allowed therefor save only for return of such Summons, 
the same fees for Travel and servins^ as are by Law allowed in Processes 
in Civil Cases, to be paid out of the County Treasury of the respective 
Counties where such persons are to attend the County Courts ; and out 
of the State Treasury where such Jurors are summoned to attend the 
Superior Court, 

And be it further Enacted that the Clerks of the Superior & County 
Courts in this State shall summon as is herein before directed fourteen 
Turvmen to attend said Courts who shall receive five Cents per Mile for 
their Travel out and seventy five Cents pr Day Sundays excepted for their 
attendance in Lieu of all other fees, which shall be paid to them out of the 
same Treasuries as the fees of the Constables who Summon said Jurymen 
are by this Act directed to be paid any Law or Usage to the contrary not- 
withstanding 

Provided nothing in this Act shall be construed to excuse the parties in 
litigation from paying to the Clerks of said Courts the same Court and 
Jury fees as is now by Law Provided, And the said Clerks shall account 
with the proper Treasurers for the same. 

And be it Enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That the Act heretofor 
made Entitled an Act for providing and regulating of Jurors in Civil 
Actions, and all Acts made in addition thereunto be and the same are 
hereby repealed. 

Provided nevertheless that the Jurors whose Names are now legally in 
the Boxes shall be drawn and be liable to Serve according to the Provi- 
sions of this Act. 



An Act for recording Conveyances of certain Lands lying on Lake Erie.i^ 

Whereas the General Assembly at their Sessions in May A D 1792 
Granted to Thadeus Burr and others half a Million Acres of Land lying 
on Lake Erie, and sundry of said Grantees and Proprietors in said Land 
have executed Deeds of Conveyance of their Rights in said Land and 
others Interested in said Grant are desirous to convey their Interest there- 
in, and no provision is made by Law for recording such Deeds of Convey- 
ance, 

Be it Enacted by the Governor and Council and House of Representa- 
tives in General Court Assembled, That all Deeds conveying any of said 
Lands shall be recorded in the Town Clerks Office in the Town or Towns 
where the loss or Damage of the Original Grantee or Grantees mentioned 
in said Grant was sustained by the Town Clerk of such Town, in a Book 
to be by him kept for that purpose only, and by him to be provided at his 

14. This was the land granted to the war sufferers in May 1792; Conn. State 
Records, VII, 448-472. The Ohio land had not yet been surveyed, not had it been 
apportioned. See Clarence D. Laylin, "The Firelands Grant," Ohio Archeological 
and Historical Quarterly. X (April, 1902), 435-450. See also below pp. 252, 438-42. 



244 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

own expence. and he to be entitled to his lawful! fees for recording which 
Record shall be of the same validity as other Town Records, and all such 
Deeds already executed when so recorded as aforesaid shall be considered 
as if recorded at the Date thereof, provided the same are recorded before 
the first Dav of October next. 



An Act in addition to, and alteration of an Act entitled An Act providing in 
Case of Sickness.i^ 

Be it Enacted hv the Governor and Council and House of Representa- 
tives in General Court Assembled, that whenever any Person or Persons 
shall come into anv Town in this State either by Land or Water from any 
Place where the Smallpox or other Conta.gious disease is or hath lately 
been prevalent, or whenever the Select Men of any Town shall suspect 
that anv Person in their Town hath come from such Place, or is infected 
with, or hath been exposed to the Smallpox or such other Disease, or that 
anv Goods Wares or Merchandize on board any Ship or Vessell ariving 
in such Town if Landed would be Likely to communicate the smallpox 
or such other Disease it shall be lawfull for the Select Men of such Town 
or such Person or Persons as they shall appoint the Health Officer or 
Officers thereof to require such Person or Persons so coming or suspected 
to disclose on Oath whether he or they have come from such place, or are 
infected with, or have been exposed to the Smallpox or such other Dis- 
ease, as also his or their whole knoledge concerning such Goods Wares 
and Merchandize, and for that purpose to administer an Oath or Oaths 
to such person or persons, or enter on Board any such Ship or Vessell ; 
and in Case any such Person or Persons shall when required refuse to 
suflfer such Select Men or Health Officer or Officers to enter into such 
Ship or Vessell or shall refuse to disclose on Oath as aforesaid, said Select 
Men shall without further Proof have the same Authority to Order and 
effect the Confinement of such Person or persons so refusing as is by said 
Act granted and provided for the Confinement of persons who have or are 
Justly suspected to have the smallpox or such other Disease, And if such 
Select Men shall on examination be of Opinion that such Goods Wares 
and Merchandize or any part thereof if Landed would expose the Inhabi- 
tants to the smallpox or other contageous Disease, it shall be the Duty of 
such Select Men with the Advise of the Civil Authority of such Town to 
secure the same on board such Ship or Vessell and prevent the Landing 
thereof untill they shall be suitably aired and cleansed in such manner 
as such Select Men shall Order & direct. 

Be it further Enacted that in Case any Person or Persons shall Land 
or unlade in any Town in this State from any Ship or Vessell any Cloath- 
ing or Bedding which hath been used by any Person or Persons infected 



15. Acts and Lazvs, 1784, pp. 227-231. This alteration was probably the result 
of the yellow fever epidemic in New Haven in 1794 and serious outbreaks of both 
yellow fever and smallpox in New York, Philadelphia, and other seaboard cities in 
1794 and 1795. 



1795. OF CONNECTICUT 245 

with the smallpox or such other Disease without the Consent of the Select 
Men of such Town, knowing the same to have been Used as aforesaid he 
she or they shall forfeit to the Treasurer of such Town One Hundred 
Dollars to be recovered by Bill Plaint or Information ; 

Be it further Enacted, that in Case any Person shall voluntarily receive 
or take the smallpox by Inoculation, without the Limits of this State, and 
come into any Town in this State and have the same, he or she shall for- 
feit to the Treasurer of such Town, the Sum of One Hundred and fifty 
Dollars, and whenever any Person shall be brought to Tryal for such 
Offence, he or she shall be liable to be Convicted on the same Proof, as is 
directed in said Act for the Tryal of Persons complained against for the 
receiving the Smallpox by Inoculation within the Limits of this State. 

Be it further Enacted that whenever any Contageous Disease shall be 
prevalent in any Town in this State, the Civil Authority and Select Men 
of such Town shall have Authority to do and perform all Matters and 
Things relative thereto ; and to give, and make, and publish in such man- 
ner as they shall Judge proper, all such Rules Orders and Regulations for 
preserving the Inhabitants therefrom, as they are by said Act authorized 
to give, and make, or to do and perform in Case the smallpox is prevalent 
in such Town, and whenever any person shall transgress any Rule Order 
or direction made, or given by the Civil /\uthority and Select Men of any 
Town in pursuance of this Act, or said Act ; "entitled An Act providing in 
Case of Sickness, such Person shall forfeit any pay to the Treasurer of 
such Town, a Sum not exceeding twelve Dollars, nor less than One, to be 
recovered before any Assistant or Justice of the Peace proper to try the 
same by Bill Plaint or Information And no Appeal shall be allowed from 
the Judgment of such Assistant or Justice of the Peace, And in Case any 
person on a conviction for such Offence, shall neglect or refuse to pay 
such forfeiture, and the Cost of Conviction, any Assistant and Justice of 
the Peace or two Justices of the Peace in such County, may on the request 
of the Select Men of such Town dispose of such Person in Service to any 
Inhabitant of this State for so long a Time as shall be necessary to pay 
such forfeiture and Cost. 

And be it further Enacted that said Act so far as the same Authorizes 
and Impowers any County Court to render Judgment against any Person 
or Persons for transgressing any Rule Order or direction made or given 
by the Civil Authority and Select Men of any Town in pursuance of said 
Act, and so far as the same imposes the Penalty of Eight Pounds for such 
transgression, be and the same is hereby repealed. 

Provided nothing herein Contained shall extend to prevent any County 
Court from rendering Judgment on any Action already Commenced, or 
which shall be commenced for any Penalty already incurred by virtue of 

said Act. 

Be it further Enacted that the Penalty of fifty pounds to be forfeited 
by virtue of said Act for receiving taking giving or communicating the 
Smallpox within this State, shall instead of being paid to the Treasurer of 
this State, as m said Act is provided be paid to the Treasurer of the Town 
where the infected Person shall have such Disease. 



246 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

An Act for regulating the Manufacture of Nails made for Sale, or exportation 
within this State. 

Be it Enacted by the Governor and Council and House of Representa- 
tives in General Court Assembled, That from and after the first Day of 
January next, all Nails exposed for Sale or exportation in any Town or 
Place within this State, shall be of the weight and Assize following, (that 
is to say,) every Thousand of two penny Nails shall weigh not more than 
One Pound and fourteen Ounces and each Nail shall measure not less in 
length than three quarters of an Inch, every Thousand of three Penny 
Nails shall weigh not more than two pounds and eight Ounces and each 
Nail shall measure in length not less than seven eights of an Inch. Every 
Thousand of four penny Nails shall weigh not more than three pounds & 
twelve Ounces and each Nail shall measure in length not less than One 
Inch and a Quarter. Every Thousand of six penny Nails shall weigh not 
more than seven pounds, and each Nail shall measure not less in length 
than One Inch and three Quarters. Every Thousand of Eight penny 
Nails shall weigh not more than Ten Pounds, and each Nail shall measure 
in length not less than two Inches and one eighth of an Inch. Every 
Thousand of Ten Penny Nails shall weigh not more than thirteen pounds, 
and each Nail shall not be less in length than two Inches and one half. 
Every Thousand of Twelve Penny Nails shall weigh not more than Six- 
teen pounds, and each Nail shall Measure in length not less than three 
Inches. Every Thousand of Twenty penny Nails shall weigh not more 
than Twenty Pounds, and each Nail shall measure not less in length than 
three Inches and One Quarter. Every Thousand of twenty four penny 
Nails shall weigh not more than Thirty Pounds, and each Nail shall be 
made with a flat point and shall measure in length not less than four 
Inches and an half. 

Be it Enacted by the Authority aforesaid that the Civil Authority and 
Select Men of each Town where Nails are, or shall be made for Sale as 
aforesaid, be and are hereby Authorized and required sometime in the 
Month of January annually to appoint some suitable person or persons 
to be Inspector or Inspectors of Nails within such Towns who shall be 
sworn by some Assistant or Justice of the Peace in the same County to 
the faithfuU performance of his or their Duty according to the require- 
ments of this Act, and shall receive as fees from the Owner of such Nails 
nine pence for every Cask of Nails so Inspected and it shall be the Duty 
of every Inspector of Nails appointed as aforesaid carefully to Inspect every 
Cask of Nails made for Sale or exportation in such Town or Place, and 
if he shall find the same are made conformably to the Assize and Quality 
hereinbefore directed, he shall Brand the same with the Letters A.P and 
the weight per Thousand, and the name of the Town or Place where he 
Inspects the said Nails and the Inspectors Name shall be at large on one 
Head of the Casks containing the same. 

Be it further h)iacted by the Authority aforesaid that if any Inspector 
or Inspectors of Nails appointed and sworn as aforesaid shall be guilty 
of any neglect or fraud in inspecting Nails contrary to the true Intent 



1795. OF CONNECTICUT 247 

& meaning of this Act or shall mark with their respective Brands or 
Stamps any Casks containing Nails made for Sale which he or they have 
not actually and thoroughly Inspected he or they shall forfeit and pay the 
Sum of four pounds for every Cask of Nails so falsely marked or Branded 
to be recovered by Action of Debt in any Court of Record proper to try 
the same by any Person who shall sue and prosecute therefor, and every 
Cask Parcell & quantity of Nails that shall be offered for Sale or exporta- 
tion after the first Day of January next and which shall have been wrought 
or made after that Day which shall not have been Inspected and the Casks 
branded as aforesaid shall be forfeited One half of such forfeiture shall 
accrue to the Person or Persons who shall seize the same by virtue of a 
Warrant to be Issued by some Assistant or Justice of the Peace on proper 
Information for that purpose, and the other half to the Town Treasury 
of the Town where such Nails may be found, 

Be it further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid That if any Person 
or Persons shall knowingly put into any Cask after the same has been 
Inspected and branded as aforesaid any Nails which have not been 
examined and approved by the Inspector or Inspectors of the Town where 
such Nails were manufactured, and shall expose them to Sale contrary 
to the true intent and meaning of this Act he or they shall for every such 
(3ffence forfeit and pay double the value of every such Cask or quantity 
of Nails to be recovered and appropriated as aforesaid. 

And be it further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That every Thou- 
sand of Nails shall be computed not less than five score to the Hundred, 
and all Nails which may be manufactured for Sale or exportation as afore- 
said shall be made of Iron of a suital)lc and good Quality well wrought 
and rose Headed : 

And be it further Enacted That if any Manufacturer of Nails shall pre- 
sume to sell any Nails of either of the denominations aforementioned not 
being of the Quality and Assize required by this Act. he shall for every 
Thousand of Nails so sold forfeit and pay the Sum of six shillings, and 
in the same proportion for any less Quantity to be sued for and recovered 
to the Use of the Prosecutor in any Court proper to try the same. 

Be it further Enacted that nothing in this Act shall be considered as 
controuling the Manufacture & Sale of Nails cut or made from cold Iron 
any Thing herein to the contrary notwithstanding. 



An Act in addition to an Act entitled an Act for providing altering regulating 
and mending Highways.i*5 

Be it Enacted by the Governor Council & House of Representatives, 
That each Town in this State have Liberty and the same is hereby Granted 
to said Towns to tax themselves upon the List of their Polls and rateable 
Estate for the purpose of repairing their Highways during the pleasure 
of the General xAssembly. 



16. See Acts and Laws, 1784, pp. 94-97. 



248 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

An Act to repeal an Act entitled "An Act in addition to and alteration of an 
Act entitled an Act for Licensing and regulating Houses of Public entertain- 
ment or Taverns and for suppressing unlicensed Houses; and also part of an 
Act entitled an Act for licensing and regulating Houses of Public Entertain- 
ment or Taverns and for suppressing unlicensed Houses.^^ 

Be it Enacted by the Governor Council and Representatives in General 
Court Assembled, That an Act in addition to and alteration of an Act for 
Licensing and regulating Houses of public entertainment or Taverns, 
and for surpressing unlicensed Houses, and also the twenty first and the 
last paragraphs of An Act entitled An Act for Licensing and regulating 
Houses of Public entertainment or Taverns and for the suppressing un- 
licensed Houses be and the same are hereby repealed. 



An Act in alteration of an Act Entitled An Act for regulating Ferries.is 

Be it Enacted by the Governor Council & Representatives in General 
Court Assembled, That from and after the 10th Day of February next the 
fare of a Team & Load be nine pence and the fare of a Waggon Horses 
and load six pence at the Ferry in Hartford any Law, Usage or Custom 
to the contrary notwithstanding. 



An Act for further Continuing in force an Act entitled An Act for instituting 
defining and regulating the Office of Comptroller of the Public Accounts. 

Be it Enacted by the Governor Council and House of Representatives 
in General Court Assembled, That said Act and every Paragraph thereof 
shall continue in full force untill the rising of the General Assembly in 
May next. 

This Assembly do appoint John Porter Esqr. to be Comptroller of 
the Public Accounts of this State for the Year ensuing. 

This Assembly do appoint Hezekiah Bissell and Samuel Wyllys Esqrs, 
with the Comptroller of the Public Accounts, to Audit and Adjust the 
Accounts of the Treasurer of this State, to the thirtieth of September 
next, and Report thereon to the next Session of the General Assembly. 

At a Meeting of the Governor and Council of the State of Connecticut, 
at the Council Chamber at Hartford on the 20th Day of May Anno Dom 
1795 



17. See Acts and Laivs, 1784, pp. 240-244. 

18. In Dec. 1681 the Town of Hartford granted to Thomas Cadwell the right to 
establish a ferry across the Connecticut River for public convenience. The landing 
place of the ferry on the west shore was at the foot of what is now Kilbourn St., 
but was afterwards moved to the foot of Ferry St. It never became a pubHc ferry. 
George E. Wright, Crossing the Connecticut . . ., p. 5 ; WiUiam DeLoss Love, The 
Colonial History of Hartford Gathered from the Original Records, pp. 173-176. 



1795. OF CONNECTICUT 249 

Present 

His Excellency Samuel Huntington Governor 
His Honor Oliver Wolcott Lieut, Governor 

William Williams 
Joseph P Cook 
William Hillhouse 
John Treadwell 
Roger Newberry 
Honble. Heman Swift *• Assistants 

Jonathan Ingersol 
Thomas Grosvenor 
Thomas Seymour 
Aaron Austin 
Jeremiah Wadsworth 

The Votes of the Freemen of this State taken and returned to his 
Excellency the Governor, pursuant to a special Writ of Election by him 
Issued for the Choice of a Representative of the State in the Congress 
of the United States in the room of the Honble. Jonathan Trumbull ap- 
pointed a Senator Dated the 18th Day of February last, having been 
publicly received Sorted & Counted by the Governor and Council accord- 
ing to the direction of the Law in that Case provided, it Appears that the 
Honble Nathaniel Smith having the greatest number of Votes so returned 
is Legally Chosen, and do declare him to be Chosen accordingly.^*' 

Signed pr Order 
Samuel Huntington 

Resolved by tJiis Assembly that a Tax of One Penny on the Pound be 
laid on the Polls & rateable Estate of the List of this State given in in 
August 1794 and compleated May 1795 payable by the first Day of 
December next into the State Treasury. 

To the Honorable General Assembly now sitting 

The Committee appointed to take into consideration that part of the 
Governors Speach which relates to the Western Lands belonging to this 
State and to report beg leave to report that having considered the subject 
they are of Opinion that it would be expedient for your Honors to take 

19. On the appointment of Jonathan Trumbull to the United States Senate, see 
above, p. 192 and note. Nathaniel Smith, 1762-1822, was born in Woodbury, the 
son of Richard and Annis Hurd Smith. Because of his poverty, he received little 
formal schooling, and early took up the work of a country peddler. Later he studied 
law with Tapping Reeve, and was admitted to the bar in 1787. He practised law in 
Woodbury. He was a member of the State General Assembly, 1790-1795 ; a repre- 
sentative in Congress, 1796-1799; state councillor, 1800-1804; and superior court 
justice, 1806-1819. Because of his services in securing the passage of the appropria- 
tion act of 1795 that paved the way for Connecticut's school fund, he was in that year 
given an honorary M.A. by Yale College. In 1814 he was a member of the Hartford 
Convention. Dictionary of American Biography; William Cothren, History of 
Ancient Woodhury, Connecticut . . ., I, 398-405. 



250 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

the necessary measures as soon as may be to Sell by Deed of Quit Claim 
the Title and Interest of this State in the Lands lying West of Pensyl- 
vania Provided it be for a Sum not less than One Million of Dollars, 
which they submit, And are Your Honors most Obedt 

and most Humble Servants, 
Signed pr Order 
John Treadwell 

In the House of Representatives May 30 1795. 
The foregoing Vote is accepted and approved 

Test S W Dana Clerk 

Concurd in the Upper House, Test George Wyllys Secrty ^^ 

Resolved by this Assembly that a Committee be appointed to receive 
any proposals that may be made by any Person or Persons whether In- 
habitants of the United States or others for the Purchase of the Lands 
belonging to this State lying West of the West Line of Pensylvania as 
Claimed by said State, and the said Committee are hereby fully Author- 
ized and Impowered in the Name & behalf of this State to negotiate with 
any such person or persons on the Subject of any such Proposals, and also 
to form and compleat any Contract or Contracts for the Sale of the said 
Lands, and to make execute tmder their Hands & Seals to the purchaser 
or purchasers a Deed or Deeds duely Authenticated quitting in behalf of 
this State, all Right Title and Interest Juridicial & Territorial in and to the 
Lands to him or them & to his or their Heirs forever; That before the 
executing of such Deed or Deeds the purchaser or purchasers shall give 
their Personal Note or Bond payable to the Treasurer of this State for 
the purchase Money carrying an Interest of six per Centum pr Annum, 
payable annually to Commence from the Date thereof or from stich future 
Period not exceeding two Years from the Date as Circumstances in the 
Opinion of the Committee may require and as may be agreed on between 
them and the said purchaser or purchasers with good and sufficient Sureties 
Inhabitants of this State, or with a sufficient deposit of Bank or other 
Stock of the United States or of the particular States which Note or Bond 
shall be taken payable at a period not more remote than five Years from 
the Date or if by annual Installments so that the last installment be pay- 
able within ten Years from the Date either in Specie or in six pr Cent 
three pr Cent or deferred Stock of the United States at the discretion of 
the Committee, That if the Committee shall find that it will be most 
beneficial to the State or its Citizens to form several Contracts for the 
Sale of said Lands, they shall not consummate any of the said Contracts 
apart by themselves, while the others lye in a Train of negotiation only 
but all the Contracts which taken together shall comprize the whole 



20. Huntington had recommended in his opening speech that the question of sale 
of the Reserve be settled as soon as possible. The joint committee made this report 
on May 30. The question of its acceptance was put to a vote, and the resolve passed 
in the lower house, 69 to 66. The Assembly Journal, May 30, 1795, gives the list of 
votes on acceptance of the report. It is also given in Conn. Courant, June 1, American 
Mercury, June 1, Conn. Journal, June 3, and Conn. Gazette, June 4. 



1795. OF CONNECTICUT 251 

Quantity of the said Land shall he consumated together, and the pur- 
chasers shall hold their respective parts or proportions as Tenants in 
Common of the whole Tract or Territory and not in severalty. That the 
said Committee in whatever manner they shall find it best to Sell the 
said Lands whether by an entire Contract or by several Contracts shall 
in no Case be at Liberty to Sell the whole Quantity for a principal Sum 
less than One Million of Dollars in Specie or if Day of Payment be given, 
for a Sum of less value than One Million of Dollars in Specie with In- 
terest at six pr Cent pr Annum from the Time of such Sale.^^ 

This Assemblv do appoint John Treadwell, Janies Wadsworth Marvin 
Wait William Edmond, Thomas Grosvenor Aaron Austin Elijah Hub- 
bard & Sylvester Gilbert Esquires a Committee to Negotiate a Sale of the 
Western Lands belonging to this State Iving West of the West Line 



21. This resolve of 1795 enabled the committee appointed for that purpose to go 
ahead and sell the western lands. General Anthony Wayne had by then subdued the 
Ohio Indians and was preparing to sign with them a final peace treaty ; relations with 
England were more amicable than they had been for some time ; there seemed no 
good reason not to lift the previous year's suspension on sale of the territory. The 
debate on the third reading of the resolve on June 3 hinged on whether or not to add 
at the end of the bill the amendment carried earlier in the lower house : "in specie, or, 
if day of payment be given, for a Sum of less value than one million of dollars in 
Specie with interest at six per cent per annum from the time of such sale." This 
amended resolve passed in the assembly by a vote of 94 to 56, and was accepted by 
the council. The Connecticut newspapers in the first and second weeks of June carried 
notices of a committee meeting in Hartford the following August for the purpose 
of receiving proposals for purchase. 

The provision that all the territory was to be sold at once, even though in parcells, 
at first caused some difficulty. Zephaniah Swift was ready to purchase the whole 
tract for $1,000,000, but a group of .speculators made a higher bid, at first $1,150,000. 
then $1,200,000. The purchases were made individually by forty-eight persons the 
following September ; they included among others the names of Oliver Phelps, the 
largest purchaser, Moses Cleaveland, Gideon Granger, Moses Coit, Aaron Austin, 
Roger Newberry, Pierpont Edwards. Ephraim Root, and Daniel Holbrook. The 
committee granted to each proprietor a deed for his share of the total purchase. These 
grantees then formed themselves into the Connecticut Land Company. They deeded 
their purchase in trust to John Caldwell, Jonathan Brace, and John Morgan. At 
their first meeting in Oct. 1795 they chose seven directors to manage their business 
and to make provision for governing the company, surveying the land into town- 
ships, partitioning the shares, transferring and selling the stock, and clearing the 
Indian title. Moses Cleaveland was named general agent to make the surveys. For 
other negotiations in regard to the committee on the sale of western lands, see above, 
pp. 16, 101, 145, 194, and notes. Assembly Journal, May 30. June 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 1795; 
Conn. Courant and American Mercury, June 1, 8, Aug. 17; Conn. Gazette, June 4; 
Conn. Journal, June 3, 10; Harlan Hatcher, The Western Reserz'e. the Story of Nezv 
Connecticut in Ohio (New York and Indianapolis, 1949) pp. 24-26; Alfred Mathews, 
Ohio and Her Western Reserve . . . (New York, 1902), pp. 139-142; Beverley w! 
Bond, Jr., The Foundations of Ohio. vol. I of The History of the State of Ohio 
edited by Carl Wittke (Columbus, 1941), pp. 360-363; Claude Shepard, "The Con- 
necticut Land Company : A Study in the Beginnings of Colonization of the Western 
Reserve," in Annual Report of the Western Reserve Historical Society (Cleveland, 
1916), pp. 71-74; Harriet Taylor Upton, H. G. Cutler, and others, eds.. History of 
the Western Reserve, I (New York and Chicago, 1910). pp. 10-11; Shaw Liver- 
more, Early American Land Companies: Their Influence on Corporate Development 
pp. 177-187. 



252 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

of Pensylvania as Claimed by said State, according to a Resolve for 
that purpose passed at the present Session of the General Assembly.^^ 

Resolved by tJils Assembly that the Treasurer be and he is hereby 
Authorized if he Judge it expedient to deposit the Moneys which are in 
the Treasury, in the Hartford Bank for safe keeping. 

Whereas the General Assembly in their Sessions held at Hartford in 
May 1792 Upon the Memorial of the Inhabitants of the Towns of Fair- 
field and Norwalk Shewing to the Assembly that many Inhabitants of 
said Towns suffered great Losses by the devastation of the Enemy during 
the late War praying a Compensation therefor, and Whereas on Report 
of a Committee appointed by the Assembly at their Sessions, held at 
Hartford in May 1791, to ascertain from Documents in the Public Offices 
the Amount of the Losses of the said Memorialists and others under 
simular Circumstances which had been estimated conformably to Acts 
of the Legislature &c and to Report the same with their Opinion relative 
to the Ways and Means of affording further releif &c, did by a Resolve 
release and Quit Claim to the Sufferers named in said Resolve, and their 
legal Representatives where they are Dead and to their Heirs and Assigns 
forever five hundred Thousand Acres of the Lands belonging to this 
State lying West of the State of Pensylvania and bounding Northerly on 
the Shore of Lake Erie beginning at the West Line of said Lands and 
extending Eastwardly to a Line running Northerly and Southerly parra- 
lel to the East Line of said Tract of Land belonging to this State and 
extending the whole width of said Land and Easterly so far as to make 
said Quantity of Five hundred Thousand Acres of Land exclusive of 
any Lands within said Bounds if any be which may have been before 
that Time Granted ; to be divided to and among the said Sufferers and 
their legal Representatives where they are Dead in proportion to the 
several Sums annexed to their Names mentioned in said Resolve, and 
it was further Resolved that a Survey of said Lands be made at the 
expence of the Grantees to contain within the outlines thereof the said 
Contents of five Hundred Thousand Acres and a plan therof to be 
laid before the General Assembly in Order that due Measures may be 
taken to settle and establish the Line on the Eastern side of said Grant 
as a Boundary or dividing Line between said Grant and the remaining 
Lands of this 'State,^-'^ And Whereas it appears to this Assembly that such 
Survey cannot be made without great Cost and Charge to said Sufferers 

22. The lower house voted on this committee on June 4. It had decided not to 
appoint by ballot each member of the committee, but rather to reappoint by one 
general vote the committee of the previous year. The council preferred a committee 
of three members only, but the lower house, on reconsideration, insisted on keeping 
the former committee intact. Thus it was the assembly, not the council measure, 
that finally passed. Assembly Journal, June 4 and 5, 1795. 

23. For the committee report on war losses of May 1791 and the memorial of the 
inhabitants of Fairfield and Norwalk, May 1792, see Conn. State Records, VII, 239, 
273-274, 448-472. A survey of the fire sufferers' lands was not made until after 1804, 
by which time Connecticut had renounced all title to the Reserve. In that year a 
committee was appointed to survey all lands of the fire sufferers and to settle any 



1795. OF CONNECTICUT 253 

and that no Important Advantages by means thereof can be derived to 
this State, 

Resolved by this Assembly that said Sufferers and the legal Repre- 
sentatives of such of them as are dead mentioned in said Resolve or 
Grant & their Heirs Executors Administrators & Assigns be exonerated 
released and discharged and they are hereby Exonerated released and 
discharged forever from making such Survey of said Lands required in 
and by said Resolve or Grant and from performing or fulfilhng any of 
tlie requirements thereof or therein Contained. 

Whereas the Commissioners who were appointed by a Resolve of the 
General Assembly in May 1792 to receive all Ballances then due to the 
State payable in Public Paper and to deliver over the same to the Presi- 
dent and Fellows of Yale College on their giving Bond to transfer to 
the Treasurer of said State the Amount of fifty pr Cent of the Sums 
Collected in Stock of the United States,-^ And Whereas it is represented 
to this Assembly by said Commissioners that a Question has arisen 
whether the said President and Fellows are required by said Resolve to 
transfer to the Treasurer fifty pr Cent of the real value of the Stock 
produced by the papers so paid over or fifty pr Cent nominally in any 
kind or denomination of Stock of the United States at the option of said 
President and Fellows which Question the said Commissioners have 
requested this Assembly to decide that said transfer may be made, 

Resolved as the sense of tliis Assembly that by the fifty pr Cent 
mentioned in said Resolve is to be understood fifty pr Cent real value and 
that said Commissioners Govern themselves accordingly. 

This Assembly do appoint the Revd James Dana & the Revd Thomas 
W. Bray to receive and pay over Moneys contributed for the support of 
Missionaries to the Northern and Western Parts of the United States, 
and to render their Account in the room of the Revd Ezra Stiles Deceasd, 
and the Revd Jonathan Edwards resigned, pursuant to an Act entitled an 
Act for the support of Missionaries to preach the Gospel in the Northern 
and Western Parts of the United States.-^ 

disputes with the Connecticut Land Company. The first survey contract, niade in 
Dec. 1805, was rejected because of error. Almon Ruggles then received appointment 
to do a new survey, which he completed in 1807. C. D. Laylin, "The Firelands Grant," 
Ohio Archeological and Historical Quarterly, X, 448-449. 

24. The act for turning over funds to Yale College was passed in May 1792; 
Conn. State Records, VII, 392-394. See also below pp. 304 note and 403. 

25. The act for the support of missionaries was passed in Oct. 1792; see i*- and 
note ibid., pp. 488-489. The Rev. James Dana, 1735-1812, was at this time pastor of 
the First Church in Wallingford ; he later became pastor of the First Church in New 
Haven. The Rev. Thomas Wells Bray, 1738-1808, was pastor of the First Church in 
New Haven. President Stiles had died a few months previously, and the Rev. 
Jonathan Edwards, on leaving the White Haven Church in New Haven, resigned 
his post on the mission committee of the General Association. The General Associa- 
tion meeting at the same time, voted that this committee render a serni-annual ac- 
count to the Association as well. The Records of the General Association of the 
Colony of Connecticut, 173S-1799, edited by Lavalette Perrin (Hartford, 1888), p. 
153. 



254 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

Resolved by tins Assembly that the Honble James Davenport Samuel 
Bradley & Eli Mygatt Esquires or any two of them be a Committee with 
full power, and Authority is Given to them to view the great Road 
leading from Fairfield to Byram Bridge through Fairfield Norwalk 
Stamford and Greenwich, and make such Alterations as they shall think 
proper in said Road and Assess Damages as such alterations may occasion 
to any Individual or Individuals if any, and Report make to the General 
Assembly, at their Sessions in October next with their Opinion, whether 
a Turnpike or Turnpikes on said Road is necessary, and if so to point 
out the Place or Places where the same ought to be erected first giving 
Notice to all Parties concerned by posting up a Notification in the Towns 
through which said Road runs that is to be viewed Twenty Days pre- 
vious to the Time they shall enter on said Business.^*' 

This Assembly do appoint the Honble John Treadwell and Roger 
Newberry, and Pliny Hillyer Esqrs. to be Overseers of New Gate Prison 
for the Year ensuing. 

Whereas it is Represented to this Assembly that the Town of Saybrook 
hathe altogether failed to comply with the Provisions of an Act of this 
Assembly passed on the second Thursday of May 1794, Entitled An 
Act in addition to an Act intitled an Act for regulating Ferries, 

It is hereupon Resolved by this Assembly that said Town of Saybrook 
be Notified to appear before the General Assembly to be holden at New 
Haven on the second Thursday of October next, then and there to shew 
Cause, why the Right of said Town to keep and hold the Ferry called 
Saybrook Ferry and to receive the Emoluments & Profits thereof shall 
not be forfeited to this State, by reason of not having complied with said 
Act, and that said Notification shall be made by leaving a Copy of this 
Resolve Authenticated by the Secretary of this State with the Town 
Clerk of said Saybrook at least twelve Days before the Tuesday next 
after said second Thursday of October.^^ 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Managers of the Connecticut 
Manufactory Lottery, be and they are hereby Authorized to Sell the 
said Lottery Provided they take good and sufficient security to Indem- 
nify themselves and this State from any risque or expence on Account of 
said Lottery, 

And it is further Resolved that the drawmg said Lottery shall be under 
the directions of the purchaser or perchasers, provided that it shall not be 
postponed further than the first of January next.-^ 

26. In October 1792 the legislature had authorized a tollgate on this road in Green- 
wich. Conn. State Records, VII, 536-537. For later action concerning this route see 
below, pp. 317, 393, 456. 

27. See above, pp. 139-40. 

28. On the lottery granted to William Mcintosh and applications for running and 
selling it, see above, pp. 18, 146, and below, pp. 293, 492, 495, 500. 



1795. OF CONNECTICUT 255 

Resolved by this Assembly that Liberty be and the same is hereby 
Granted to the Town of Colebrook to tax the Polls & rateable Estate of 
said Town for the purpose of mending and repairing the Highways in 
said Town during the pleasure of the General Assembly. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Town of Saybrook have Liberty 
and Liberty is hereby Granted to the said Town of Saybrook to Levy a 
Tax or Taxes upon their Polls and rateable Estates from Time to Time 
during the Pleasure of this Assembly for the purpose of repairing their 
Highways. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Town of Bethlem have Liberty to 
lay Taxes on the Polls and rateable Estate of said Town for the purpose 
of mending their Highways during the pleasure of this Assembly. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Town of Guilford be and they are 
hereby Impowered to lay a Tax from Time to Time upon the Polls and 
rateable Estate of said Town for the purpose of mending & repairing the 
Highways in said Town during the Pleasure of the Gene- 
ral Assembly. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Town of Hartland have Liberty 
and Liberty is hereby Granted to said Town to repair their Highways 
by a Tax on the Polls and rateable Estate of the Inhabitants of said 
Town during the Pleasure of the General Assembly. 

On the Memorial of Andrew Ward and Jeremiah Halsey Shewing 
to this Assembly, That they have heretofore made Proposals for pur- 
chasing of this State all its Right Title and Literest in and unto a certain 
Tract or Parcell of Land lying within the Original Charter Limits of 
this State North of and adjoining upon the North Line of the Common- 
wealth of Pensylvania. and South of the Original Charter South Line of 
the Commonwealth of Massachusets, extending from the Northwest 
to the North East Corner of Pensylvania, and that they are willing to 
receive a Conveyance thereof, and in payment therefor to finish and 
compleat the State House now building in the City of Hartford the 
Outside and second Story thereof fit for the Use of the General Assem- 
bly by the first Day of May next, and the residue thereof by the first 
Day of May A D 1797, taking to themselves the Benefits of all 
Materials heretofore purchased for that purpose the neet avails of the 
Lottery heretofore granted and drawn for the same purpose, and all 
Moneys given or Granted toward the Building of said State House, 
and Praying that the said Land may be Conveyed by Deed of Quit 
Claim to them upon the Terms aforesaid. 

Resolved by this Assembly that as soon as the said Jeremiah & Andrew 
shall have executed and given a Bond with sufficient Sureties to the satis- 
faction of the Committee heretofore appointed to superintend the Building 
of the said State House in the Penal Sum of Eorty thousand Dollars pay- 
able to the Treasurer of this State and his Successors in that Office, Con- 



256 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

ditioned that they the said Andrew & Jeremiah do cause the said State 
House to be finished and compleated according to the Original Design and 
Plan thereof the Outside and second Story or upper part thereof by the 
first Day of May next and the residue thereof by the first Day of May 
1797, by the advice and according to the directions of the said Committee 
and also to discharge and save this State and the said Committee harmless 
of and from all Just Demands and Contracts heretofore made and arising 
in and about the Buildings of the said State House and all the Just 
Demands which the said Committee may have against this State or any 
other Body or Persons on Account of their Concerns therein and the same 
being Certifyed by the said Committee to His Excellency the Governor 
His Excellency the Governor be and he is hereby requested Authorized and 
Impowered in the Name and behalf of this State to execute and deliver to 
the said Andrew and Jeremiah a Deed or Deeds therein and thereby Con- 
veying releasing and quitting to them their Heirs and Assigns forever all 
the Right Title and Interest which this State hath in and unto so much of 
the before described land lying North of and adjoining upon the said North 
Line of Pensylvania as the same is now Claimed by the said State or 
Common wealth of Pensylvania and South of the said South Line of 
Massachusetts, and lying East of a Tract of Land Sold by the United States 
to the State of Pensylvania lying near Presque Isle And upon the Execu- 
tion and delivery of the said Bond the said Andrew & Jeremiah are auth- 
orized to receive from the said Committee all the Materials already pro- 
vided for the said State House and also the neat Avails of the said Lottery 
heretofore Granted and drawn for the said Building but no other or 
further Lottery or Scheme of a Lottery shall be made upon the Grant of 
the said Lottery heretofore made.^^ 



29. The memorial of Andrew Ward and Jeremiah Halsey dated back to the May 

1794 session, when the two men proposed that if Connecticut would turn over to them 
its claim to the narrow strip of land on the southern border of New York, the Connecti- 
cut Gore, they would sell it and turn over to the state half the proceeds. The strip of 
land, two and a half miles wide and two hundred twenty miles long, was included m 
Connecticut's claim because of a faulty adjustment of the boundary between New 
York and Pennsylvania. In 1791 New York claimed the territory when the New York 
legislature established the County of Tioga and made the Pennsylvania boundary its 
southern limit. Ward and Halsey's petition to the Conn, legislature in May 1794 
was rejected in committee. The powers of this committee, given the duty also of 
investigating Connecticut's claim to the territory, were continued to October and then 
to the following May. The committee received from the two men in the spring of 

1795 a new offer to complete the Hartford State House instead of making a cash 
payment to the state. The present bill accepted this offer with the proviso that the 
State House was to be completed by May 1797 and an interim bond of $40,000 posted 
for its completion. Proceeds of the 1793 lottery were turned over to the two men, but 
they were expressly forbidden to run another lottery. 

In the summer of 1795 Halsey purchased Ward's interest and organized the Con- 
necticut Gore Land Company, which in April 1796 turned over its property to trustees. 
The New York legislature, aroused at this high-handed action on the part of Connecti- 
cut, at once passed an act forbidding purchase of land in the territory and directing the 
breaking up of settlements already established; it directed its governor to issue a 
proclamation to this effect. In Oct. 1795 and again in both sessions of 1796 Halsey 
attempted to persuade the Connecticut legislature to interfere. Finally, in Oct. 1796 the 
assembly definitely refused to appoint a commission to treat with New York. Mean- 
while, early in 1796, the Coma. Gore Land Company brought a test case to the Federal 



1795. OF CONNECTICUT 257 

To the Honorable the General Assembly now sitting 

Being appointed by Your Honors to Settle the Accounts between the 
State of Connecticut and the State of New York, take Leave to Report 
that I have settled and adjusted the Accounts touching Cannon and Mili- 
tary Stores, and have received the Ballance due to this State amounting 
to One Thousand five Hundred ninety four Dollars and twenty eight 
Cents lodged tlie same in the Treasury taken triplicate Receipts for the 
same One of which I have lodged with the Secretary, and One with the 
Comptroller which is Submitted, By Your Honors most Obedient Humble 
Servant James Wadsworth Hartford 22d May 1795 

In the Upper House The above Report 
is accepted and approved. 

Test George Wyllys Secretary 
In the House of Representatives, Read and Con- 
curred 

Test S W Dana Clerk 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Supreme Court of Errors by Law to 
be holden on the first Tuesday of June next, and all Business pending 

District Court in Hartford. New York refused to accept a decision made in a state 
favorable to the suitors. When the case reached the Supreme Court, with Alexander 
Hamilton acting as counsel for New York, that body refused to accept jurisdiction or 
to permit removal of the case to a new court. 

By 1798 speculation in Gore land had reached a peak. An ofifer of $300,000 was 
made for the area, but the Gore Land Company refused it, insisting that the claim 
was worth at least $600,000. New York then offered to recognize private claims to the 
Gore if Connecticut would give up its claim to jurisdiction. At that point the Conn, 
representatives in Congress, in order to secure a clear title to the Western Reserve, 
agreed to renounce jurisdiction and claims to title to all other lands either to the Fed- 
eral Government or to the states concerned. This was a renunciation in New York's 
favor of Connecticut's title to the Gore, an act resulting from political pressure on the 
part of the Connecticut Land Company. 

The Connecticut Gore Land Company had spent about $45,000, half for the State 
House, half for legal expenses. The cost to the shareholders of acquiring the land 
had been about $300,000. The company repeatedly petitioned for redress in the years 
after 1800. Finally, in 1805, the legislature appropriated $40,000 to be paid in amiual 
installments to the remaining shareholders. 

Jeremiah Halsey, 1743-1829, was born in Stonington, the son of William and Sarah 
Stanton Halsey. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1770. It was said 
that he gave more of his time and money to the defense of the U.S. during the Revolu- 
tion than any other citizens of Connecticut except Gov. Trumbull and Gen. Putnam. 
He advanced in rank from lieutenant in 1775 to lieutenant colonel in 1780. In 1795 he 
purchased title to the Connecticut Gore, bought out his partner, Andrew Ward, and 
spent the rest of his life first in trying to establish his claim, then in trying to get 
compensation from the state legislature. 

Assembly Journal, 1794, 1795, 1796, passim; Connecticut State Archives, Susque- 
hanna Settlers, Second Series, Western Lands, Second Series, pp. 42-45, 51, 56, 59-62; 
An Inquiry Concerning the Grant of the Legislature of Connecticut to Andrew Ward 
and Jeremiah Halsey . . ., no author (Hartford, 1829). Albert C. Bates, "The Con- 
necticut Gore Land Company," in Annual Report of the American Historical Associa- 
tion, 1898, pp. 141-162; Shaw Livermore, Early American Land Companies; Their 
Influence on Corporate Development, pp. 192-196; Jacob L. and Edmund D. Halsey, 
Thomas Halsey of Hertfordshire, England, and Southampton. Long Island, 1591-1679, 
With His American Descendants . . . (Morristown, New Jersey, 1895), pp. 57-59. 



258 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

therein, be and the same hereby is Adjourned to the fourth Tuesday of 
said June there to be holden at New Haven. And all Writs and Processes 
returnable to said Court shall be returnable to the Clerk thereof on or 
before the twenty fourth Day of June aforesaid. 

This Assembly do appoint Moses Cleaveland Esqr to be Brigadier 
General of the fifth Brigade of Militia of this State in the room of Daniel 
Learned Esqr resigned. 

This Assembly do appoint George Phillips Esqr a Brigadier General 
of the seventh Brigade of Militia in this State in the room of Roger Wells 
Esqr Deceasd. 

This Assembly do appoint Samuel W Dana Esqr a Lieutenant Colonel 
Commandant of tlie twenty third Regiment of Militia in this State in the 
room of George Phillips Esqr promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Augustin Taylor Esqr Lieutenant Colonel 
Commandt of the Thirty fifth Regiment of Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Luther Bingham Esqr to be Lieutenant Colo- 
nel Commandant of the twenty first Regiment of Militia of this State in 
the room of Moses Cleaveland Esqr promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Shubael Hutchins Esqr a Major of the 21st 
Regiment of Militia of this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Abel Simmons Junr Esqr to be Lieut Colonel 
Commandt of the fifth Regiment of Militia of this State in the room of 
Zephaniah Swift Esqr resigned. 

This Assembly do appoint Elijah Symons Junr Esqr to be Major of the 
fifth Regiment of Militia of this State in the room of Abel Simmons Junr 
Esqr promoted. 

This Assembly do appoint Timothy Russell Esqr a Major of the sixth 
Regiment of Militia in this State in the room of Justus Francis Esqr 
resigned. 

This Assembly do appoint Jonathan Bovvers Esqr. a Major of the twenty 
third Regiment of Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint Heber Stone Esqr a Major of the seven- 
teenth Regiment of Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do appoint David Lyman Esqr Major Commandant 
of the seventh Regiment of Cavalry within this State. 



1795. OF CONNECTICUT 259 

This Assembly do appoint Perry Averill Esqr a ^lajor of the 29th 
Regiment of Militia in this State in the room of Daniel Boardman Esqr 
resigned. 

This Assembly do appoint Jacob Loomis Esqr Major of the 5th Regi- 
ment of Cavalry in this State in the room of Major Ebenezer Smith 
resigned. 

This Assembly do appoint Timothy Hale Esqr to be a Major of the 
35tli Regiment of Militia in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Asa Seymour to be Lieutenant of the third 
Company of Militia in the first Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish William Boardman to be Ensign of the 
third Company of Militia in the first Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Gold Smith to be Captain of the 4th Com- 
pany of Militia in the second Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish David Benham to be Lieutenant of the 
4th Company of Militia in the second Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish David Trowbridge to be Ensign of the 
4th Company of Militia in the second Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish John Frost to be Captain of the 5th Com- 
pany of Militia in the second Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish James Pierpoint to be Lieutenant of the 
5th Company of Militia in the second Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Oliver Todd to be Ensign of the 5th Com- 
pany of Militia in the second Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Lema Brooks to be Captain of the 6th 
Company of Militia in the second Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Stephen Dorman to be Lieutenant of the 
8th Company of Militia in the second Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Lewis Bradley to be Ensign of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the second Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish George D Avery to be Captain of the 
second Company of Militia in the third Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Emerson to be Ensign of the 2d 
Company of Militia in the third Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Bliss Willoughby to be Ensign of the third 
Company of Militia in the third Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish William Bennet to be Captain of the third 
Company of Militia in the 4th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Jesup Taylor to be Lieutenant of the 
third Company of Militia in the 4th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Abraham Morehouse to be Ensign of the 
third Company of Militia in the 4th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish David Jackson Jur to be Captain of the 
fifth Company of Militia in the 4th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Benjamin Meeker to be Lieutenant of the 
fifth Company of Militia in the 4th Regiment in said State. 



260 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

This /^.ssembly do establish Stephen Gray Junr to be Ensign of the 
fifth Company of MiHtia in the 4th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Lazarus Hull to be Captain of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 4th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Eli Lyon to be Lieutenant of the 8th Com- 
pany of Militia in the 4th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish William Young Junr to be Captain of the 
first Company of Militia in the 5th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Jonathan Robinson to be Lieutenant of the 
first Company of Militia in the 5th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Eliphalet Young to be Ensign of the first 
Company of Militia in the 5th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Ezra Smith Junr to be Lieutenant of the 
8th Company of Militia in the 5th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish John Warner Junr to be Ensign of the 
8th Company of Militia in the 5th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do estal)lish Charles Treat to be Lieutenant of the 9th 
Company of Militia in the 6th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do estabhsh Matthew House to be Ensign of the 9th 
Company of Militia in the 6th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Stannard Junr to be Captain of the 
5th Company of Militia in the 7th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathan Kirtland to be Lieutenant of of 
[sic] the 5th Company of Militia in the 7th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Peter Spencer to be Ensign of the 5th 
Company of Militia in the 7th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Asa Buell to be Captain of the 7th Com- 
pany of Militia in the 7th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Henry Hill to be Lieutenant of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 7th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Dan Lane to be Ensign of the seventh 
Company of Militia in the 7th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Ebenezer Packer to be Captain of the 
sixth Company of Militia in the 8th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Gideon Niles to be Lieutenant of the 
6th Company of Militia in the 8th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Rosvvell Fish to be Ensign of the 6tli 
Company of Militia in the 8th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Ralph Hurlburt to be Lieutenant of the 
third Company of Militia in the 8th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Gilbert Edgcomb to be Ensign of the 
third Company of Militia in the 8th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish James Cook to be Lieutenant of the 
first Company of Militia in the 8th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish David Avery to be Ensign of the first Com- 
pany of Militia in the 8th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Augustus Learned to be Captain of a Com- 
pany of Light Infantry in the 11th Regiment in this State. 



1795. OF CONNECTICUT 261 

This Assembly do establish Elias Child to be Captain of the 6th Com- 
pany of Militia in the 11th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Ephraim May to be Lieutenant of the 6th 
Company of Militia in the 11th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish William May to be Ensign if the 6th Com- 
pany of Militia in the 11th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Chester Converse to be Captain of the 
seventh Company of Militia in the 11th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Jonathan Ellis Junr to be Ensign of the 
7th Company of Militia in the 11th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establisli Wyman Carroll to be Lieutenant of the 9th 
Company of Militia in the 11th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Joslin to be Ensign of the 9th Com- 
pany of Militia m the 11th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Sanford Holmes to be Captain of the second 
Company of Militia in the 11th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Leonard Mason to be Lieutenant of the 
second Company of Militia in the 11th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish David Frissell to be Ensign of the second 
Company of Militia in the 11th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Amos Fowler to be Captain of the 5th 
Company of Militia in the 12th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Seth Bartlett to be Lieutenant of the 5th 
Company of Militia in the 12th Regiment in said State. 

This x^ssembly do establish Caleb Stark to be Ensign of the 5th Com- 
pany of Militia in the 12th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Silas Crowell to be Captain of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 12th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Benoni Clark to be Lieutenant of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 12th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Benjamin Buell Junr to be Ensign of the 
7th Company of Militia in the 12th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Myls Lee to be Captain of the 2d Company 
of MiHtia in the' 14th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish John Ure to be Lieutenant of the 2d Com- 
pany of Militia in the 14th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Elisha Landon to be Ensign of the 2d Com- 
pany of Militia in the 14th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Johnson to be Captain of the 4th 
Company of Militia in the 14tb Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Bird to be Lieutenant of the 4th 
Company of Militia in the 14th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Bissell to be Ensign of the 4th 
Company of Militia in the 14th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Simon Jaqua to be Captain of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 14th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Henry Yenduzen to be Lieutenant of the 
8th Company of Militia in the 14th Regiment in said State. 



262 ' PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

This Asseml)ly do establish Stephen Allen to be Ensign of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 14th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Jacob Hungerford to be Captain of a 
Matross Company in the 15th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Newall to be Lieutenant of a 
Matross Company in the 15th Regiment in said State. 

This Assemljly do establish Jesse Gaylord to be Lieutenant of a 
Matross Company in the 15th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Root to be Captain of a Company 
of Grenadiers in the 15th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Elias Lewiss to be Lieutenant of a Com- 
pany of Grenadiers in the 15th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish John McCase Ensign of a Company of 
Grenadiers in the 15th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish James Morrell to be Captain of the first 
Company of Militia in the 15th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Tillotson to be Lieutenant of the 
first Company of Militia in the 15th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Obed Gridley to be Ensign of the first 
Company of Militia in the 15th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Benjamin Hopkins to be Captain of the 
lOtli Company of Militia in the 15th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Amos [Peck( ?bloffc(I) ] to be Lieutenant of 
the 10th Company of Militia in the 15th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Abel Gridley to be Ensign of the 10th Com- 
pany of Militia in the 15th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Isaiah Tuttle to be Captain of the 7th Com- 
pany of Militia in the 17th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathaniel Austin to be Lieutenant of the 
7th Company of Militia in the 17th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do estal)lish Seth Coe to be Ensign of the 7th Company 
of Militia in the 17th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathaniel Goodwin to be Captain of the 
5th Company of Militia in the 17th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Eldad Gibbs to be Lieutenant of the 
5th Company of Militia in the 17th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Elias Hinsdale to be Ensign of the 
5th Company of Militia in the 17th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish James Marsh Ju to be Lieutenant of 
the 9th Company of Militia in the 17th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathaniel Marsh to be Ensign of the 9th 
Company of Militia in the 17th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish George Phelps to be Ensign of a Com- 
pany of Light Infantry in the 18th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elijah^ Hubbard to be Captain of the 
second Company of Militia in the 18th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Elijah Gillet to be Ensign of the second 
Company of Militia in the 18th Regiment in this State. 



1795. OF CONNECTICUT 263 

This Assembly do establish Ezra Brainerd to be Lieutenant of the 
4th Company of MiHtia in the 19th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Isaac Keeney [ ?] Junr to be Ensign of the 
10th Company of Militia in the 19th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Peleg Tracy to be Captain of a Company 
of Light Infantry in the 20th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Tracy to be Lieutenant of a Com- 
pany of Light Infantry in the 20th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Cushing Eelles to be Ensign of a Company 
of Light Infantry in the 20th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Asa Benjamin to be Captain of the 5th Com- 
pany of Militia in the 20th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Simeon Morgan to be Lieutenant of the 
5th Company of Militia in the 20th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathaniel Kimball to be Ensign of the 
5th Company of Militia in the 20th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Minor Grant to be Captain of the 4th 
Company of Militia in the 22d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Noah Pomeroy to be Lieutenant of the 
4th Company of Militia in the 22d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Aaron Hall to be Ensign of the 4th Com- 
pany of Militia in the 22d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Phineas Nash to be Ensign of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 22d Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Ebenezer Durfey to be Ensign of the 10th 
Company of Militia in the 22d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Stephen Turner to be Captain of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 23d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elisha Coe to be Lieutenant of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 23d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Oliyer Bailey to be Ensign of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 23d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Pelton Jur to be Captain of the 
10th Company of Militia in the 23d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Abner Sage to be Lieutenant of the 10th 
Company of Militia in the 23d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Penfield to be Ensign of the 10th 
Company of Militia in the 23d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Stephen Rossiter to be Ensign of the 6th 
Company of Militia in the 24th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Isaac Filley to be Lieutenant of the Com- 
pany of Light Infantry in the 25th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Moses Wright to be Ensign of the Com- 
pany of Light Infantry in the 25th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Giddings to be Captain of the third 
Company of Militia in the 25th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Abel Moses to be Lieutenant of the third 
Company of Militia in the 25th Regiment in said State. 



264 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

This Assembly do establish Thomas Bushnell to be Ensign of the 
third Company of Militia in the 25th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Amzi Talmadge to be Lieutenant of the 
second Company of Light Infantry in the 26th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Allyn Wells to be Ensign of the second 
Company of Light Infantry in the 26th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Caleb Hickox to be Captain of the second 
Company of Militia in the 26th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Amos Titus to be Ensign of the 2d Com- 
pany of Militia in the 26th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Fenn 3d to be Captain of the 
4th Company of Militia in the 26th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Rufus Lockwood to be Lieutenant of the 
4th Company of Militia in the 26th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Eleazer Judd to be Ensign of the 4th 
Company of MiHtia in the 26th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jared Terrell to be Captain of the 6th 
Company of Militia in the 26th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Stiles Hotchkiss to be Ensign of the 6th 
Company of Militia in the 26th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Isaac Judd Junr to be Captain of the 10th 
Company of Militia in the 26th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Walter Judd to be Lieutenant of the 10th 
Company of Militia in the 26th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jacob Hemingway to be Lieutenant of 
the 6th Company of Militia in the 26th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Sanford to be Ensign of the 
6th Company of Militia in the 26th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Solomon Lindsley to be Captain of the 
1st Company of Liglit Infantry in the 27th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Eliott to be Lieutenant of the 1st 
Company of Light Infantry in the 27th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Gamaliel Conkling to be Ensign of the 
1st Company of Light Infantry in the 27th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Gershom Turney to be Captain of the 
5th Company of Militia in the 28th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish James Beardsley to be Lieutenant of the 
5th Company of Militia in the 28th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Stephen Beardsley to be Ensign of the 
5th Company of Militia in the 28th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Briggs Ingersoll to be Lieutenant of 
the first Company of Light Infantry in the 29th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Stephen Beacher to be Ensign of of [sic] 
the first Company of Light Infantry in the 29th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Revilo Fuller to be Lieutenant of the second 
Company of Light Infantry in the 29th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Ethel Carter to be Ensign of the second 
Company of Light Infantry in the 29th Regiment in this State. 



1795. OF CONNKCTICUT 265 

This Assembly do establish Stiles Goodsell to l)e Captain of the sixth 
Company of Militia in the 29th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Ebenezer Peet to be Lieutenant of the sixth 
Company of Militia in the 29th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish El:)enezer Trowbridge to be Lieutenant of 
the 9th Company of Militia in the 29th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish George C .Smith to be Ensign of the 9th 
Company of Militia in the 29th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Jeptha Brown to be Lieutenant of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 30th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Edward Holmes to be Ensign of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 30th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Alpheus Pease to be Captain of the third 
Company in the 31st Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Timothy Kibl^e Junr to be Lieutenant of the 
3d Company of Militia in the 31st Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Richard Pease Junr to be Ensign of the 
3d Company of Militia in the 31st Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Walter Ainsworth to be Ensign of the 
5th Company of Militia in the 31st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish William Granger to be Captain of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 31st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Abijah Remington to be Lieutenant of 
the 7th Company of Militia in the 31st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Seth Kent Junr to be Ensign of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 31st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Lemuel Russell to be Ensign of the 2d 
Company of Grenadiers in the 32d Regiment in this State. 

This y\ssembly do establish Asahel Hyde to be Captain of the 5th Com- 
pany of Militia in the 32d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John Davis to be Lieutenant of the 5th 
Company of Militia in the 32d Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Eljenezer Buckingham to be Ensign of the 
5th Company of Militia in the 32d Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Eliakim Terrell to be Captain of the 6th 
Company of Militia in the 32d Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish John Thomas Junr to be Lieutenant of the 
6th Company oi Militia in the 32d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish i'eter Perkins J unr to be Ensign of the 6th 
Company of Militia in the 32d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Elijah Clark to be Captain of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 32d Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Holbrook Jur to be Lieutenant of 
the 8th Company of Militia in the 32d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Ebenezer B Johnson to be Ensign of the 
8th Company of Militia in the 32d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish i>eth Ely Junr to be Captain of a Matross 
Company in the 33d Regiment in this State. 



266 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

This Assembly do establish Marsh Ely to be Lieutenant of a Matross 
Company in the 33d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Watrous Beckwith to be Captain of the 
first Company of Militia in the 33d Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish David Avery to be Lieutent of the 1st 
Company of Militia in the 33d Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Stephen Minor to be Captain of the 6th 
Company of Militia in the 33d Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Noah Beebe Junr to be Lieutenant of the 
6th Company of Militia in the 33d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Caleb Benedict to be Ensign of the 5th 
Company of Militia in the 34th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Henry Skovil to be Ensign of the 6th Com- 
pany of Militia in the 34th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Kennedy to be Captain of the 3d 
Company of Militia in the 21st Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish John Douglas to be Lieutenant of the 
3d Company of Militia in the 21st Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish John Hunter to be Ensign of the 3d Com- 
pany of Militia in the 21st Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Palmer to be Ensign of the 6th 
Company of Militia in the 21st Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish George Bull to be Captain of the first 
Company of the Governors Guards in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Day to be Lieutenant of the first 
Company of the Governors Guards in said State. 

This Assemlily do establish Abel Hall to be Captain of the third 
Company of Cavalry in the 4th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish David Turney to be Lieutenant of the 
third Company of Cavalry in the 4th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Lyman Edwards to be Lieutenant of the 
third Company of Cavalry in the 4th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Moses Hubbel to be Cornet of the third 
Company of Cavalry in the 4th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish William Waterbury 3d to be Lieutenant 
of the 4th Company of Cavalry in the 4th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Silvanus Silleck to be Lieutenant of the 
4th Company of Cavalry in the 4th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Robert Mead to be Cornet of the 4th Com- 
pany of Cavalry in the 4th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish John Clark to be Captain of the first Com- 
pany of Cavalry in the 5th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Ephraim B Fay to be Lieutenant of the 
first Company of Cavalry in the 5th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Timothy Stanneford to be Cornet of the first 
Company of Cavalry in the 5th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish John W Chandler to be Cornet of the 2d 
Company of Cavalry in the 5th Regiment in said State. 



1795. OF CONNECTICUT 267 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Graham to be Lieutenant of the 
4th Company of Cavalry in the 5th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Job Daviss to be Cornet of the 4th Company 
of Cavalry in the 5th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Oliver Warner to be Cornet of the first 
Company of Cavalry in the 7th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Jonathan Cowles to be Captain of the 4th 
Company of Cavalry in the 7th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Luke Wadsvvorth to be Lieutenant of the 
4th Company of Cavalry in the 7th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Chauncey Gleason to be Lieutenant of the 
4th Company of Cavalry in the 7th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish William Samuel Judd to be Cornet of the 
4th Company of Cavalry in the 7th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Simeon Hart Junr to be Captain of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 15th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Ard Hart to be Lieutenant of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 15th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Zechariah Marks to be Ensign of the 8th 
Company of Militia in the 15th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Giles Humphry to be Captain of the 9th 
Company of Militia in the 15th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Reuben Moses to be Lieutenant of the 
9th Company of Militia in the 15th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Theodore Pettibone to be Ensign of the 
9th Company of Militia in the 15th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Reuben Fuller ^'^ to be Lieutenant of 
the third Company of Militia in the 18th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Ariel Case to be Ensign of the third Com- 
pany of Militia in the 18th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Philip Withey to be Lieutenant of the first 
Company of Militia in the 11th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish William Waldo Cheney to be Ensign of the 
first Company of Militia in the Uth Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Richard Ely Selden to be Captain of the 
5th Company of Militia in the 33d Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do estabhsh Selden Warner to be Lieutenant of the 5th 
Company of Militia in the 33d Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Abner Comstock Jur to be Ensign of the 
5th Company of Militia in the 33d Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Abiel Wolcott to be Lieutenant of the 
first Company of Light Infantry in the 19th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Aaron Bissell to be Ensign of the first 
Company of Light Infantry in the 19th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Royal Storrs to be Lieutenant of a Com- 
pany of Light Infantry in the 5th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Nathaniel Duntram to be Ensign of a Com- 
pany of Light Infantry in the 5th Regiment in this State. 

30. A mistake for Reuben TuUer ; see below, pp. 269-70. 



268 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

This Assembly do establish Artemas Gurley to be Ensign of the 6th 
Company of Militia in the 5th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Giles Brainerd to be Lieutenant of the 6th 
Company of Militia in the 7th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Noadiah Cone to be Ensign of the 6th 
Company of Militia in the 7th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish David Waterbury 3d to be Captain of the 
first Company of Light Infantry in the Qth Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Strong Sturges to be Lieutenant of the 
first Company of Light Infantry in the 9th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Asa Terry to be Captain of a Matross 
Company in the 2d Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Benjamin Phelps to 1)e Lieutenant of a 
Matross Company in the 2d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Hubl^ard Button to be Lieutenant of a 
Matross Company in the 2d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Russel Wells to be Captain of the 4th 
Company of Militia in the 2d Regiment in this State.^^ 

This Assembly do establish Ralph Mack to be Lieutenant of the 4th 
Company of Militia in the 2d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Oliver Ingham to be Ensign of the 4th 
Company of Militia in the 2d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Asa Burr to be Ensign of the 10th Com- 
pany of Militia in the 18th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish George Pitkin Junr to be Captain of a 
Matross Company in the 19th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish James Benjamin to be Captain Lieut of 
a Matross Compraiy in the 19th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Samuel Pitkin to he Lieutenant of a 
Matross Company in tlie 19th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Richard Hills to be Lieutenant Fireworker 
of a Matross Company in the 19th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Henshaw to be Lieutenant of a Com- 
pany of Light Infantry in the 23d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do estabhsh Thomas Leverett to be Ensign of a Com- 
pany of Light Infantry in the 23d Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Daniel Smith to be Captain of the 9th 
Company of Militia in the 26th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Ephraim Tuttle to be Lieutenant of the 
9th Company of Militia in the 26th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Joseph Whittlesey to be Captain of the 
7th Company of Militia in the 29th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish William Cogswell to be Lieutt of the 7th 
Company of Militia in the 29th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Hosea Nelson to be Lieutenant of the 6th 
Company of Militia in the 31st Regiment in this State. 



31. For corrections in this and the next two appointments, for Wells, Mack, and 
Ingham, changing them to the eighth company, twelfth regiment, see below, p. 329. 



1795. OF CONNECTICUT 269 

This Assembly do establish Judah Phelps to be Captain of the 9th 
Company of Militia in the 31st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Justice Pease to be Lieutenant of the 9th 
Company of Militia in the 31st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish John C Miller to be Ensign of the 9th 
Company of Militia in the 31st Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Jesse Stanley to be Captain of the 2d 
Company of Militia in the 35th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Ephraim Collins Junr to be IJeutenant 
of the 2d Company of Militia in the 35th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Timothy Collins to be Ensign of the 2d 
Company of Militia in the 35th Regiment in said State. 

This Assembly do establish Amoriah Miller to be Lieutenant of the 
1st Company of Militia in the 19th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Ashbel Olmsted to be Ensign of the 1st 
Company of Militia in the 19th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Cyrus Spalding to be Captain ^^ of the 
third Company of Cavalry in the 5th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Erastus Hough to be Lieutenant ^^ of the 
third Company of Cavalry in the 5th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Amos Cady to be Cornet of the third Com- 
pany of Cavalry in the 5th Regiment in this State. 

This Assembly do establish Dyer White to be Captain of the second 
Company of the Governors Guards in this State. 

This x\ssembly do establish Hanover Barney to be Lieutenant of the 
second Company of the Governors Guards in this State. 

This Assembly do establish James Merriman to be Ensign of the 
second Company of the Governors Guards in this State. 

Whereas in Issuing Commissions for the Captain Lieutenant and En- 
sign of a Company of Militia in the sixth Regiment on the 29th Day of 
October 1794 an Error intervened by Issuing such Commissions for the 
sixth instead of the fifth Company 

Resolved that Commissions be Issued to Levi Lusk as Captain, to Robert 
Wells Jur as Lieutenant and to Levi Wells as Ensign of the fifth Company 
of Militia in the sixth Regiment to take Rank as such from the 29th Day 
of October Seventeen Hundred & ninety four.^^ 

Whereas the Committee appointed to receive the Returns of the Choice 
of Military Officers and Report thereon, by mistake in their Report, entered 
the Name of Reuben Fuller as Lieutenant of the third Company in the 
18th Regiment of Militia in this State instead of the Name of Reuben 
Tuller the Person Chosen and approved and that a Commission hath 
Issued accordingly 



32. A mistake for first lieutenant. See below, pp. 328-29. 

33. A mistake for second lieutenant. See below, pp. 328-29. 

34. For issuing of these commissions in Oct. 1794, see above, p. 196. 



270 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

Resolved that said Commission to Reul:)en Fuller be remanded and that 
a Commission be made to said Reuben Tuller according to his said Choice 
and approbation thereof. ^^ 

Whereas in Issuing a Commission on the 29th of October 1794 for the 
Ensign of the third Company of Infantry in the thirty third Regiment of 
Connecticut Militia an Error intervened by inserting therein the Name 
of Ezra Gilbert in the stead of Ezra Gillett, who was nominated by the 
Company to that Office 

Resolved by this Assembly that a Commission be Issued to Ezra Gillett 
as Ensign of said Company to take Rank as such from the 29th Day of 
October 1794.36 

Upon the Memorial of Andrew Kingsbury of Hartford Shewing to this 
Assembly that his Annual Salary as Treasurer of Connecticut is Two 
Hundred Pounds, that this Salary was established at a Time when the 
Necessaries of Life were procured from 50 to 75 pr Cent less than what 
they can be now procured for praying for 25 pr Cent or fifty pounds to be 
added to his annual Salary for the Year past as pr Memorial on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that there be allowed and paid out of the 
Treasury to the Memorialist in addition to his usual Salary the Sum of 
Fifty Pounds lawfuU Money for the Year past. 

Upon the Memorial of John Porter of Hartford Shewing to this Assem- 
bly, that his Stated Salary as Comptroller of Public Accounts for said 
State is in Consequence of the inhanced prices of almost all the Necessaries 
of Life, and the expensiyeness of supporting a Family in Hartford, beyond 
that in other Towns within said State, a Compensation far from an 
equivalent of former Years and praying for an Increase of his Salary for 
his Services the Year past of the Sum of Fifty Pounds in addition to 
the usual allowance as pr Memorial on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that there be allowed to the said John 
Porter & paid out of the State Treasury the Sum of Fifty pounds in 
addition to his Stated Salary as Comptroller for the Year past. 

Upon the Petition of John Jeffery Shewing to this xA.ssembly, that he 
is the only Clerk in the Comptrollers and Treasury Office, and that he 
has received the Sum of eight Shillings pr Day for his Services praying 
for an Increase of his future Wages as pr Petition on file 
^ Resolved by this Assembly that the said John Jeffrey be allowed the 
Sum of Ten Shillings lawfull money pr Day for his Services while at- 
tending the Duties of his Office the ensuing Year. 

^ Upon the Memorial of Jonathan Bull of Hartford in Hartford County, 
Shewing to this Assembly, That in an Action of Account in favour of 
this State against him for certain Sums of State paper unaccounted for, 

35. See above p. 267. 

36. See above, p. 196. 



1795. OF CONNECTICUT 271 

in his Department as Collector of Excise, an Award had been made and 
Judgment of the Superior Court rendered against the Memorialist, for the 
Sum of £1200,0,0 Lawfull Money Damages and i 15,2,3 Costs, whereon 
Execution had Issued and been Levied on his Estate, That in said Award 
a large Sum in Interest more than he had Collected had been Charged, 
and said State paper Computed to be equal to the Specie and a consider- 
able part of the Sum included in said Award remained uncollected praymg 
Releif in the Premisses as pr Memorial on file &c 

Resolved by this Assembly that upon the Memorialists paying into the 
Treasury of this State the Sum of five Hundred and forty two pounds in 
Specie or such paper as was receivable on the Excise and the Costs which 
has been recovered against him being il 5.2.3, and the Officers fees on the 
aforesaid Execution in Specie within thirty Days from the rismg of this 
Assembly, he be discharged from said Judgment. 

Upon the Representation of the Officers of the first Regiment of Militia 
in this State Shewing to this Assembly that a Company of Matrosses was 
established in Hartford in said State on the 6th Day of January 1780 by 
this Assemblv that said Companv is now nominally Commanded by 
Frederick Bull of said Hartford that no Military Duty has been done by 
said Company for ten or twelve Years past and that its Continuance 
onlv serves to screen likely voung Men from doing Military Duty as they 
are' constantly enlisting into the same in order to sheUer themselves from 
doing any Military Duty whatever, and praying that said Company of 
Matrosses might be disbanded as pr Representation on file &c 

Whereupon it is Resolved by this Assembly that said Company of 
Matrosses be and thev are herebv disbanded and disolved and that the 
Act of January 1780 incorporating & establishing said Company be and 
the same is hereby repealed.^'^ 

Upon the Memorial of Morgan Goodwin and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Farmington praying to be transferred from the Military Company 
in the Parish of Northington to the Military Company in the Parish of 
West Division agreeably to a special Act passed by the General Assembly 
in May 1784, which became annulled by the new Law relating to the 
Militia as pr Memorial on file &c 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Tract of Land lying North of the 
East and West Highway that runs between the dwelling Houses of Step- 
hen Sedgwick and Samuel Stanley and South of a paralel Line drawn 
West from the North West Corner of the Town of Hartford and to 
extend One Mile West from Hartford West Line and the Inhabitants 
thereon residing be and the same hereby are transferred from the Mili- 
tary Companv in the Parish of Northington in said Farmington to the 
Military Company in the Parish of West Division in the Town of Hart- 
ford any Law Usage or Custom to the Contrary notwithstanding. 

37. For the establishment of the first matross company in January 1780, see Conn. 
State Records, II, 461-462. For the upholding of the present dissolution, see below, 
pp. 272-73. 



272 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

On the Memorial of Messrs Hudson & Goodwin proposing to print 
a new Edition of the Laws of this State and representing the expedience 
of expunging therefrom such Statutes as are repealed Messrs. Enoch 
Perkins Jonathan Brace and Chauncey Goodrich are appointed a Com- 
mittee at the expence of the ]\Temoria'lists to revise the Laws contained 
in the present Edition of the Statutes of this State and Report to this 
Assembly what Acts or parts of Acts have been repealed and may therefore 
be expunged. ^^ 

Upon the Petition of the Inhabitants of the Town of Bolton by their 
Agent Oliver King Esqr. Shewing to this Assembly that there are but 
two Societies in said Town of Bolton the South and North, And that said 
Societies are nearly equal in point of Wealth & number that the Town & 
Freemens Meeting in said Town have been generally held in the South 
or first Society that the North or second Societv Claim a right to part of 
said Meeting which has been denied and that Strife and contention have 
arisen between said Societies respecting said Meeting And that Town 
Meetings have been warned and held in each of said Societies & two 
sets of Town Officers appointed for the present Year bv which means 
said Town of Bolton is plunged into disorder and confusion in their Town 
Affairs Praying for releif &c as pr Petition on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Freemens IMeeting in future shall 
be holden alternately in the first & second Societies in said Town of 
Bolton the first meeting to be holden in the first Society. And the annual 
Town Meeting in Decembr to be also holden alternately in said Societies, 
the first to be holden in the second Society, and that in Case of any 
special Town Meeting to be warned and holden according to the direc- 
tion of the Select Men of said Town, 

And be it jiwther Resolved that the Town Officers appointed in said 
Town of Bolton at a Town Meeting holden in the second Society in 
said Town on the first Monday of Decembr last past be considered as 
legally appointed. ^^ 

Upon the Petition of Frederick Bull & Consider Burt Captain and 
Lieutenant of the Matross Company in and about Hartford, Shewing 
to this Assembly that in the Year 1780 a Matross Company was established 
for the purpose of exercising Field Peices and that they were appointed 
to the Offices of Captain and Lieutenant in said Company, that they faith- 
fully discharged their Duty untill they were prevented by the removal of 
all the Field Peices in the Use of said Company by Order of Congress, 
that since said removal tliey have not l)een al)le to fulfill their Duty in 

38. For resolutions on the new edition of the laws see below, pp. 330-31, 277. 

39. The North Society of Bolton, in East Windsor, was annexed to the town of 
Bolton in May 1789. This included about a mile and a half of the north boundary line 
of Bolton, including what is now Talcottville and a section north of it. Trouble be- 
tween the two societies continued after 1795. The difficulties were finally settled in 
1808, when the North Society was set off as the town of Vernon. Conn. State Records. 
VII, 62; Samuel Morgan Alvord, An Historical Sketch of Bolton Connecticut For 
the Bolton Bicentennial Celebration . . . (Manchester, Conn., 1920), pp. 17-18. 



1795. OF CONNECTICUT 273 

exercising said Company praying this Assembly to examine into the 
Facts respecting said Company and to Order and Decree whether said 
Company shall be Continued or whether it shall be disolved as pr Peti- 
tion on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Company mentioned in said 
Memorial be and the same is hereby dissolved.'*'^ 

Upon the Petition of Oliver Pease Joseph Pease and Mindwell Pease 
all of Sufifield in the county of Hartford Executors of the last Will and 
Testament of Joseph Pease late of said Suffield Deceasd, and Joseph 
Gilbert of Plartland in the County of Litchfield. Shewing to this Assem- 
bly that said Joseph Deceasd while in Life on the 29th Day of May 
1791, bargained and Sold to said Gilbert a Peice of Land lying in said 
Hartland supposed to contain 30 Acres, Bounded East and South upon 
a Highway. West on Benoni Beach, and North partly upon said Joseph 
Gilbert and partly upon Earl Stanley. And said Deceasd by his Deed 
of that Date bound himself under a Penalty to Deed said Land by War- 
ranty Deed unto said Gilbert upon his paying Thirty six pounds with 
Interest before the 20th of October 1794, that said Deceasd died on the 
14th Day of October 1794, having by Will disposed of his property, and 
leaving three Heirs at Law and Legatees under said Will who are Minors, 
that said Joseph Gilbert made full Payment of said £36. on said 20th of 
said October, according to the Tenor of said Contract ; Praying this As- 
sembly to Impower said Executors to Convey said Land &c as pr Peti- 
tion on file Dated May 18th 1795 

Resolved by this Assembly that said Executors be and thev hereby 
are Lnpowered and Authorized to Convey said Land to said Gilbert and 
his Heirs forever by suitable Deed of Conversance which Deed when 
executed acknoledged and Recorded in due form of Law shall fully trans- 
fer to said Gilbert his Heirs and Assigns forever a fee simple Title to said 
Lands, as if said Deed had been executed by said Joseph Pease in his Life 
Time. 

Upon the Memorial of Ebenezer Lane & Marian Lane both of North 
Hampton in the Commonwealth of the Massachusets, Shewing to this 
Assembly that they are Guardians to Ursula Chandler. Hannah Chand- 
ler & Sally Chandler all of said North Hampton, Children and Heirs of 
Charles Church Chandler Esqr late of Woodstock Deceasd, And that the 
said Minors are the Owners in fee of three fifth parts of a Farm of Land 
lying in the Town of Pomfrett which they Inherit from their said Father, 
And that it is highly for the Interest of said Minors that their Right in 
said Farm shall be sold, as pr Memorial on file dated May 26th 1795 

Resolved by this Assembly that the said Ebenezer Lane & Marian 
Lane be and they are hereby Authorized and Impowered to make Sale 
of the Right and Interest of the said Minors in said Farm of Land to 
Thomas Coit of said Pomfrett, and execute any Deed or Deeds thereof 
unto the said Coit which shall be good and effectual in Law to Convev 



40. This company had been dissolved earlier in the session ; see above, p. 271. 



274 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

the Title of said Minors in said Farm, taking the Direction of the Court 
of Probate for the District of Pomfrett therein, and that they the said 
Ebenezer & Mariann hold the Purchase Money, of said Farm as Guardians 
as aforesaid for the Use of said Minors & Account with said Minors for 
their several Proportions of the same when they severally arrive at full 
Age, or at such other Time as said Court of Probate may appoint, and 
shall give sufficient Bond to the acceptance of said Court to account with 
said Minors for the Purchase Money received for said Land.^^ 

Upon the Memorial of Ephraim Colman of Coventry Guardian to 
Patty Robinson a Minor of about ten Years of Age, Shewing to this 
Assembly, that there is descended and fallen to the said Patty a small 
Tract of unproductive Land situate in said Coventry and containing about 
seventeen Acres. And that it will be greatly to the Advantage of the said 
Patty to have said Land sold and disposed of for her Use & benifit. Pray- 
ing that some suitable Person may be appointed to Sell said Land as by 
Memorial on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that Liberty be and the same is hereby 
Granted to Ephraim Colman of Coventry aforesaid to make Sale and 
Conveyance of said Land in such manner as shall be most for the Benefit of 
said Patty taking the Advice of the Judge of Probate for the District of 
Hebron therein, and giving Bond with Surety to said Judge and his 
Successors in said Of^ce to Account with said Patty when arrived to 
full Age, or with said Judge when thereto required. 

Upon the Memorial of Timothy Keeler 3d of Ridgfield in the County 
of Fairfield Shewing to this Assembly that he was duely appointed 
Collector of State Taxes on the List for the Year 1793, And received 
from the State Treasurer a Warrant to Collect two pence on the pound on 
said List, that in returning the List of said Town to the Treasurer for 
said Year a Mistake of £869.16.9 intervened by which he is subjected to 
a Loss of £7.5.0, which his Rate Bill will not warrant him to Collect 
and Praying for Releif pr Memorial on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Treasurer of this State be and 
he is hereby Authorized and directed to rectify said mistake, and to 
settle with said Collector upon their true List for said Year being 
£14161.3.3 and no more in the same manner as he might have done had no 
such Mistake intervened. 



41. Charles Church Chandler, 1747-1787, member of a prominent Woodstock 
family, a graduate of Harvard in 1763, was judge of probate in Woodstock and a 
member of the town committee of correspondence during the Revolution. He was a 
representative in the state legislature in several sessions between 1779 and 1784, and 
had been elected to Congress at the time of his death. His widow, Marian Griswold 
Chandler, 1750-1829, daughter of Matthew Griswold of Lyme, married after Charles 
Chandler's death Captain Ebenezer Lane, 1747-1808, of Northampton, Massachu- 
setts ; they are the present memorialists. Charles Church Chandler and his wife had 
nine children, only three of whom, referred to in this memorial, were minors in 1795. 
They were, Ursula, 1776-1848; Hannah, b. 1781; and Sally, 1782-1854. Charles 
Winthrop Bowen, The History of Woodstock, Connecticut ; Genealogies of Wood- 
stock Families, HI (Norwood, Mass., 1930), 336-337. 



1795. OF CONNECTICUT 



275 



Upon the Petition of Joseph Benham Charles Ailing & Abraham Ailing 
all of Hamden in New 'Haven Countv and a large Majority of the rest 
of the Inhabitants of that part of said Town of Hamden which is not 
included in the Parish or Society of Mount Carmel, Shewing that it is 
inconvenient for them to attend' public Worship in the Town of New 
Haven, that that part of said Hamden in which they live would form a 
convenient district for a distinct Eclesiastical Society and Praying to be 
established as such as pr Petition on file, 

Resolved by this Assembly, That all that part of said Town of Hamden 
which is not included in the Society of Mount Carmel, and all the Inhabi- 
tants thereof be and the same hereby are Sett of [sic] Constituted and 
established an Eclesiastical Societv by the Name of East Plain, and that 
the Societv hereby Constituted shall be entitled to have and enjoy all the 
Powers Privileges and immunities of other Eclesiastical Societies legally 
established in this State ; 

Provided nevertheless that all such Persons Inhabitants of said District 
as shall Choose to continue annexed to either of the Societies in New 
Haven to which they now belong and who shall manifest such a Choice 
by lodging a Certificate thereof with the Clerk of the Society hereby es- 
tablished within One Year from the passing this Resolve, shall together 
with the Estates of such Persons be exempted from and not considered 
as belonging to the Society hereby established, And that the descendants 
of such excepted Persons 'and their Estates shall be entitled to the same 
exception provided such Descendants shall lodge a Certificate of their 
Choice as aforesaid with the Clerk of said Society within one Year from 
the Time they shall respectively arrive to full Age.^^ 

Upon the Memorial of Simon Kendoll of Suffield in Hartford County 
Guardian to the Person and Estate of David Kendoll of said Suffield a 
Minor Shewing to this Assembly that said David is possessed of a small 
Landed Estate^ in said Suffield with two or three Hundred pounds and 
very little personal Estate that the said David is Lame and unable to 
Labour, that said David is now at School with a view of obtaining an 
Education which he cannot pursue without Selling his Lands Praying that 
said Guardian may be Authorized to sell so much of said Land as shall 
be necessary to enable said David to compleat his Education &c as pr 
Memorial on file. Dated May 8th 1795, 

42. The inhabitants of the Hamden Plains made plans for a separate church as 
early as 1780. In 1790 they organized the Hamden East Plains Society, and three 
years later began to build their church on what is now the site of the Hamden Plains 
Methodist Church, on the corner of Dixwell Avenue and Church Street. The society 
in 1834 became the Whitneyville Congregational Church, on Whitney Avenue. After 
hicorporation by the assembly, in August 1795, an ecclesiastical council of the ministers 
of New Haven, West Haven, Mount Carmel, and Woodbridge voted to accept the 
society as a member church. There were twelve charter society members. The first 
minister was Abraham Ailing, who remained until 1822. William P. Blake, ed.. 
History of the Toivn of Hamden. Connecticut, With an Account of the Centennial 
Celebration . . . (New Haven, 1888), pp. 178-192; Rachel M. Hartley. The History 
of Hamden Connecticut 1786-1936 (Hamden, 1943), pp. 111-116. 



276 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

Resolved by this Assembly that said Simon Kendoll be and he is hereby 
Authorized and Impowered under the direction of the Court of Probate 
for the District of Hartford to sell and transfer so much of the said Davids 
Lands as shall be sufficient to compleat his Education, and said Simon is 
hereby Authorized and Impowered to execute and deliver to any Pur- 
chaser or Purchasers good and sufficient Deed or Deeds of Conveyance of 
said Minors Land which shall be effectual in Law to vest a Title to said 
Land in the Purchaser as though said David at full Age had conveyed said 
Lands by his Deed, 

Provided alzvays that no Sale shall be made by said Guardian untill 
he hath given Bond to said Judge of Probate or his Successor in Office 
with sufficient Surety in a Sum equal to twice the value of said Lands 
Conditioned that he the said Simon shall Account with said David upon 
his Arrival at full Age for all the Moneys received for said Land and also 
shall account therefor with said Judge of Probate at any Time when 
thereunto requested. 

Upon the Petition of Timothy Kibbee Junr of Somers in Tolland 
County Shewing that he has a Petition depending before this Assembly 
wherein his personal attendance is necessary praying for protection from 
Arrest during the Session of Assemblv as pr Petition Dated the 25th Dav 
of May 1795 

Resolved by this Assembly that protection be Granted to the said Timo- 
thy Kibbee Junr from all Arrest in Civil Causes while comeing to attend- 
ing upon & returning from this Assembly. 

Upon the Petition of John Bullford and his Associates Shewing to this 
Assembly that there is a necessity of immediately repairing the great 
Road leading from Southbury to Derby and New Haven through the 
Parish of Oxford Praying for Liberty to erect a Turnpike on said Road 
and to Collect a Toll from Travellers to be applied for the keeping said 
Road in repair, and to reimburse those who shall repair said Road the 
Sums by them advanced with an Interest thereon as pr Petition on file, 
_ Resolved by this Assembly that the said John Bulford and his Asso- 
ciates together with such other Persons as shall associate with them their 
Heirs Assigns & Sucessors be and they are hereby constituted a Cor- 
poration by the Name of the Oxford Turnpike Company, by which Name 
to sue & be sued in all Courts of Record, to Ordain and establish such 
Bye Laws Ordinances and Regulation as shall appear necessary for the 
Government of said Society, and shall be necessary and expedient for 
carrying into effect the Objects of said Society not contrary to Law, 
subject nevertheless to be repealed by the superior Court of this State 
And be it further Resolved that a Meeting of said Society shall be 
held at Southbury on the first Monday of July next, and Annual and 
other Meetings of said Society shall be held from Time to Time as said 
Society shall direct for the Choice of necessary Officers and establishing 
regulations, and the Members of said Society shall have as many Votes 
in said Meeting as they hold Shares therein,' 



1795. OF CONNECTICUT 277 

And be it further Resolved that as soon as said Society shall have 
fully repaired said Road from the House lately owned by Ebenezer 
Bronson in Southbury to John Woosters in Derby or expended thereon 
in Repair the Sum of £700.0.0 lawfull Money, and obtained a Certificate 
thereof from the County Court of New Haven County, the said Pro- 
prietors shall be and they are hereby authorized to erect and establish 
a Turnpike on said Road in the most convenient Place, at which Turn- 
pike the Proprietors shall l)e And they are hereby Authorized to Col- 
lect the following Tolls viz. 

Cents 
Every Travelling or Pleasure four Wheel 

Carriage and Draft Horses 25 

Chaise Chair or Sulkey 12^/2 

Loaded Cart 12^ 

Loaded Waggon 12^ 

Empty Do 6}i 

Empty Cart 6% 

Single Horse Cart 6J4 

Empty Do 4 

Horses Cattle & Mules in Droves 3 

Pleasure and Travelling Sleighs 6>/; 

Loaded Do 614 

Empty Do 4 

Loaded Sleds 8 

Empty Do ' 6J/4 

Man & Horse 4 

Sheep & Hoggs H 

Provided neverthlcss that persons travelling on the Lords Day and 
other Public Days to attend Public \\'orship, Persons travelling to attend 
Town & Society Meetings Persons attending Funerals, and Farmers in 
the Neighbourhood of said Turnpike passing through the same to attend 
their Farming Business shall not be liable to the payment of said Toll, 
And said Society shall at all Times keep the said Turnpike Road in good 
repair at the expence of said Corporation so long as they shall receive said 
Toll, and a fair Account of the Produce of said Toll and the expence of 
repairing and keeping in repair said Road shall be kept by said Pro- 
prietors, and said Proprietors shall render an Account of said Toll and 
expence annually to the County Court for the County of New Haven 
holden the third Tuesday of March, And whenever or as soon as the 
aforesaid Toll shall reimburse the Proprietors their Successors Heirs & 
Assigns the Sums by them advanced together with Interest at twelve pr 
Centum pr Annum then the said Road shall be and remain discharged 
from said Toll.^^ 

43. This is the first turnpike company to be formally incorporated in Connecti- 
cut; the three turnpike roads previously authorized were ordered to be operated by 
commissioners appointed by public authority. This road was improved at about the 
time New Haven was completing the Long Wharf and much of the cargo imported 
into New Haven and exported from it travelled along this road. In 1794 a Derby 
town meeting had authorized a committee to investigate the possible advantages of a 



278 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

Upon the Petition of Ebenezer French of Huntington in Fairfield 
County stating a variety of Misfortunes that he is wholly unable to pay 
his Debts and therein praying an Act of Insolvency to be passed in his 
favour as pr Petition on file. This Petition was brought to this Assembly 
at their last October Session, and by a Legal remove came to this As- 
sembly when the facts therein stated were fully proved, and the Creditors 
to said French neglecting to appear, excepting One whose Debt amounted 
to £20.0.0 L Money 

It is thereupon Resolved by this Assembly that the said Ebenezer 
French shall within three Months next after the rising of this Assembly 
and without Fraud deliver over to Trustees hereafter named upon Oath, 
all the Property both real and Personal which he now owns or possesses, 
except such Articles as are by Law exempted from being Levied upon by 
Execution, for the benefit of his said Creditors ; And Messrs David Burr 
of Newtown & Stephen Babl)et and Elias Hawley both of said Hunting- 
ton, are hereby appointed Trustees to said Ebenezer French, and are 
Impowered or any two of them under Oath, to receive at the Hands of 
said Ebenezer, his Property to be delivered as aforesaid. And upon 
the Receipt of the same, and upon said Frenchs complying with this Act 
in every Particular to make and deliver to said Ebenezer a Certificate 
thereof, which Certificate shall operate as a Discharge from all the Debts 
which he Contracted previous to the 30th Day of August 1794, and shall 
be a good discharge against any Demand of his said Creditors ; And there- 
upon the Person of the said Ebenezer, and all the Property which he shall 
in future acquire be and the same are hereby discharged and forever 
exonerated from all his Debts contracted before said 30th Day, And said 
Trustees are hereby Impowered to Sell or otherwise dispose of all such 
Property as shall be delivered to them as aforesaid in such way as they 
shall Judge most for the Interest of said Creditors, and shall pay over 
to said Creditors the Avails thereof, in proportion to the Amount of their 
several Demands, having previously Notified said Creditors in One or 
more of the News Papers in this State of this their appointment and 
requested them to bring in their several Demands against said French in 
such a Limited Time as they shall Judge sufficient and reasonable. Pro- 
vided it do not exceed six Months from the rising of this Assembly, And 
Provided that nothing herein be Construed to efifect any security which 
a Creditor may have obtained by Mortgage or otherways. And said 
Trustees are Impowered to take a reasonable Compenstion for their 
Trouble & Expence in this Business.*^ 

turnpike. The committee report led to the present incorporation in 1795. Tolls 
were collected on this turnpike for nearly a century ; the road did not become free 
until the 1880s. The Oxford Turnpike followed in part the present Route 67 south- 
easterly from Southbury but turned to the east at Oxford and reached the Naugatuck 
River at Pines Bridge in the present Beacon Falls, then a part of Derby. Wood, 
Turnpikes of Nezv England, p. 337; Samuel Orcutt, The History of the Old Toim 
of Derby, Connecticut, 1642-1S80 (Springfield, 1880), p. 305; W. C. Sharpe and H. 
A. Campbell, Seymour Past and Present (Seymour, 1919), p. 87. For an earlier 
petition on this road see above p. 167, and for permission to alter the route see below 
pp. 294-95. 

44. Ebenezer French had been freed from arrest in October 1794 and again in the 
present session. See above, p. 218, and below, p. 285. 



1795. OF CONNFXTICUT 279 

Upon the Memorial of Abel Tibballs of Wallingiord in New Haven 
Shewing to this xA^ssembly that from the Operation of various unfortunate 
Causes he hath become Insolvent Praying this Assembly to Resolve that 
upon his deHvering up and Conveying to Trustees to be appointed by this 
Assembly all his Estate in Trust for the Use and Benefit of all his Credi- 
tors in proportion to their respective Debts he may be discharged from all 
Debts due from him at the Date of said Petition as pr Petition on file &c, 
the Creditors of the said Tibballs having been notified and three Times 
publicly Called, and all of them having made Default of Appearence, 

Therefore Resolved by this Assembly That if the said Tibballs shall on 
or before the first Day of August next upon Oath deliver up and Convey 
to Oliver Stanley and Caleb Cook Esqrs. both of said Wallingford all his 
Estate of every kind, excepting only his wearing Apparel and such Articles 
of Household Furniture necessary to him and his Family as in the Opinion 
of said Stanley and Cook ought to be reserved for the Use of said Tibballs 
and his Family in Trust and for the Use of all said Tibballs Creditors 
in proportion to their respective Demands he the said Tibballs shall be 
and is hereby discharged from all Debts due and Oweing from him 
at the Date of his said Petition, And the said Oliver Stanley and Caleb 
Cook are hereby directed as soon as it conveniently can be done, after 
the said Tibballs shall have delivered and Conveyed to them his Estate 
as aforesaid being first qualified by Oath, to give Public Notice for 
three Weeks successively in the News Papers published in New Haven 
and Middlesex Counties, that they have been appointed by this Assem- 
bly Trustees to receive said Tibballs Estate in Trust for all his Credi- 
tors, And that said Tibballs hath Conveyed his Estate to them accord- 
ingly, and as soon as the said Trustees shall have realized the Money for 
such Estate they shall in the News Papers published in the same Counties 
give Public Notice thereof and appoint a Time and Place at which they the 
said Trustees will attend upon said Creditors to adjust their respective 
Demands on said Tibballs and pay to them their respective proportions 
such Money, And said Trustees are hereby Impowered after said Tib- 
balls shall have Conveyed to them his said Estate to Institute and prose- 
cute to final Judgment & Execution Suits in their own Names for tb.L- 
recovery of such Estate. 

Upon the Petition of Henry Hopkins late of Reading in Fairfield 
County now of the County of Orange in the State of New York Shewing 
to this Assembly that in the Month of January 1781 he Inlisted as a 
private Soldier in the Connecticut Line of the Continental Army for the 
Term of three Years and served therein accordingly, and that by some 
Mistake the Petitioner was not returned to the Pay Table Office as a 
Soldier in actual Service in the Year 1781, and that he has never received 
satisfaction for his Service as aforesaid in the Year 1781 Praying this 
Assembly to Grant him compensation for his said Service in the said 
Year 1781 as pr Petition on file, and it appearing that nine Months of the 
Service of the Petitioner in said Year 1781 has never been paid 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Sum of i 18.0.0 Lawfull Money with 
the Interest thereof from the first Day of January 1782 be Granted to the 



280 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

Petitioner as his Wages fur nine Months in the Year 1781, And that the 
Treasurer be directed to pay the same accordingly. 

Upon the Petition of Amos Barns of Litchfield Shewing to this Assem- 
bly that he is unable to pay his Debts Praying for an Act of Insolvency as 
pr Petition on file Dated 6th Day of May 1795, and it appearing the 
Creditors of said Barns have been Notified and not appearing to defend 
or Object, and a great proportion of them consenting to a Grant, 

Therefore Resolved by this Assembly that John Allen & Moses Sey- 
mour Esqr. be and they are hereby appointed Commissioners to receive the 
Estate of said Barns if any he have for the purpose of averaging the same 
among his Creditors and to receive examine and allow the Claims of his 
Creditors, and the said Commissioners shall be under Oath for the faith- 
full discharge of said Trust. And the said Barns shall deliver into the 
Hands of said Commissioners all his Estate on or before the first Day of 
July next and when said Commissioners are convinced that the said 
Barns has delivered all his Estate into their Hands according to the 
true intent of this Act they shall deliver him a Certificate to that effect 
and said Amos Barns upon receiving a Certificate as aforesaid is hereby 
discharged from all Claims and demands for any Debt contracted before 
the first Day of May 1793, and if any Estate of more than sufficient value 
to satisfy the expence and Pay of said Commissioners shall be delivered 
into their Hands and they have Certified as aforesaid they shall Notify 
all the Creditors to said Barns that live out of the State, and shall 
Advertize in the Newspaper printed at Litchfield three Weeks success- 
ively Notice to Creditors to bring in their Claims giving a Time not 
exceeding six Months & not less than three, and all Claims not presented 
to them by the Time thus given shall be barred, and the said Commissioners 
hereby vested with power to Sell and Convey all or any Estate real or 
personal which may be delivered to them as aforesaid and in their Names 
to sue for and prosecute to final Judgment Execution & Collection all 
Debts of said Barns and shall Average and Pay to Creditors from Time to 
Time such Sums as may be their due proportion of such Money after de- 
ducting their own Expences & Trouble, if any remains. 

Upon the Memorial of the Inhabitants of the Town of Watertown 
Shewing to this Assembly that tlie said Town as the same is now incor- 
porated including the parishes of Westbury & Northbury and a part of 
the Parish of Northtield extends from East to West on the North adjoin- 
ing on Harwington and Litchfield about ten Miles and an half and from 
North to South adjoining West on Woodbury & Bethlem about eight 
Miles, and from West to East adjoining on the South on Waterbury 
about nine Miles and from South to North adjoining East on Bristol 
about five Miles & half, And that the same is so situated that it is very 
Inconvenient to do their Town Business owing to the badness of the 
Roads, length of Way and other Inconveniences, And also Shewing 
that the situation of said Town, and their amount in the List are suffi- 
cient to entitle them to be Incorporated into two distinct Towns, And 



1795. OF CONNECTICUT 281 

that they are wilh'ng to be restricted to One Representative for each of said 
Towns at the General Assembly Praying for releif as pr Memorial on file 
Resolved by this Assembly That all the Land lying in the Limits of 
said Watertown West of the River Naugatuck and South West of the 
West Branch of said River and the Inhaliitants within the said Limits 
shall retain the said Name of Watertown. and shall have and retain all the 
Books of Record belonging to said Town and shall have and retain all the 
Privileges incident to any other Town in this State, except only that said 
Town shall hereafter send but One Representative to the General Assem- 
bly of this State, And that the said Town of Watertown shall hereafter 
support all the poor who resided within its Limits on the 5th Day of May 
1795, except One Mabel Luddington of said Watertown And that all the 
Lands lying within the Limits of the Original Town of Watertown East 
of the River Naugatuck & North East of the West Branch of said River, 
and the Inhabitants living within those Limits be Incorporated into a 
Distinct Town, by the Name of Plymouth with all the Priveleges and 
under the same regulations of any other Town in this State, except only 
that said last mentioned Town shall hereafter send but One Representa- 
tive to the General Assembly of this State And that said Town of Ply- 
mouth shall hereafter maintain all the poor who resided within its Limits 
on the 5th of Instant May and also maintain the said Mabel Ludding- 
ton, And the now Town of Watertown shall maintain all the Bridges 
within its Limits and also all the Bridges across the W^est Branch of said 
River Naugatuck, And that the said Town of Plymouth shall maintain 
all the Bridges within its Limits except the Bridges across said West 
Branch, And that the now Town of Watertown shall pay to the said Town 
of Plymouth agreeable to Stipulations by them heretofore made the Sum 
of eighty seven pounds ten shillings lawfull Money to be made in two 
equal Payments the one half to be paid in four Months from the rising 
of this Assembly, and the remainder to be paid in One Year from the 
expiration of said four Months and the whole which remains unpaid at 
the end of said four Months to be on Interest from that Time untill paid, 
And that the said Town of Plymouth shall have a Town Meeting on or 
before the 10th Day of July next to Choose Town Officers for the said 
Town, which said Town Meeting shall be warned by a Warrant Signed 
by David Smith Esqr, posted on the Public Sign Post in said Town at 
least five Days before holding said Meeting, and the said David Smith 
Esqr shall be Moderator of said Meeting, and said Town shall then and 
there proceed to appoint a Town Clerk and other Town Officers ^or said 
Town who shall continue in Office untill the 14th Day of December or 
untill others are Chosen in their room ; And that all the Debts and Credits 
of said Original Town of Watertown shall be equally divided between the 
said now Town of Watertown and Plymouth, according to their respec- 
tive Lists in the Year 1794, And Whereas Samuel Hitchcox Jur who now 
resides within the Limits of said Town of Plymouth and Boadicea Wil- 
liams who now resides within the Limits of the present Town of Water- 
town were not taken into Consideration in the division of the poor of the 
original Town of Watertown, it is to be understood that if the said Samuel 



282 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

Hichcox or both the said Samuel and the said Boadicea Williams shall 
necessarily become Chargeable to the respective Towns to which they 
belong, the expence of their support while so chargeable is to be paid by 
the said Two Towns in proportion to their respective Lists of their Polls 
& rateable Estate, but if the said Boadicea Williams shall become neces- 
sarily Chargeable, and the said Samuel shall not be so Chargeable then 
the now Town of Watertown shall be at the whole expence of the support 
of the said Boadicea \\'illiams while so Chargeable.^^ 

Upon the Petition of Elihu Benedict of Danbury in Fairfield County 
Shewing to this Assembly that on the 27th Day of March 1794 he was 
lawfully Married to Sarah Clemens and soon after he discovered said 
Sarah was with Cliild by One [Jesse] O'Hara, begotten before said Inter- 
marriage of which he was totally Ignorant of at the Time of his Marriage, 
and the said Child hath since been born, and the said Sarah acknoledges 
the same to have been begotten by said O'Hara as aforesaid Praying for a 
Divorce as pr Petition on file Dated 2d April 1795 which Petition it 
appears has been Served upon the said Sarah, and she being called made 
Default of Appearence. And the said Elihu being heard on said Petition 
with his Evidences and Arguments, this Assembly find the Facts Stated 
in said Petition to be true 

Therefore Resolved by this Assetubly that the said Elihu Benedict be 
and he is hereby liberated from the said Marriage Contract, and a Bill 
of Divorce against said Sarah is hereby granted to said Elihu.^^ 

Upon the Petition of Daniel Cook and others Inhabitants of Parts of the 
Towns of Litchfield Goshen Cornwall & Warren, Praying to be an 
Eclesiastical Society with all the priveleges of simular Societies in this 
State as pr Petition on file Dated 29th April 1795, 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Inhabitants living and w-ho shall 
hereafter live within the Limits hereafter described viz Beginning at the 
Corner of the Dam on Shippaug River, on which the Forge stands, com- 
monly called Pratts new Forge, between said Forge and a Saw Mill stand- 



45. Westbury had been a society in Waterbury until 1780, when it became the 
town of Watertown. Until 1795 the society of Northbury was included in Watertown, 
but it elected its own officers and representatives. The population of Plymouth in 1795 
was probably about 1,200. The first town meeting was held on June 24. Conn. State 
Records, III, 73-75; History of Ancient Westbury and Present Watertoimi from Its 
Settlement to 1907, under the sponsorship of the Sarah Whitman Trumbull Chapter, 
D.A.R. (Waterbury, n.d.) p. 79; Francis Atwater, ed., History of the Town of 
Plymouth Connecticut . . . (Meriden, 1895), pp. 171-173. 

46. The petitioner was probably Elihu Benedict, born about 1765, son of Nathan 
Benedict of Danbury. Elihu had been in Clinton, New York for several years before 
his marriage, until January 1794, and had there met his future wife. She had re- 
turned to New York State at the time of this petition, which is probably the reason 
for her default of appearance. Elihu moved to Delaware County, New York in 
1804. Connecticut State Archives, Divorces and Lotteries, Second Series, I, 20-29; 
Henry Marvin Benedict, The Genealogy of the Benedicts in Avwrica (Albany. 1870)' 
p. 368. 



1795. OF CONNECTICUT 283 

ing on said Dam ; thence running East 637 Rods to a Rock with Stones 
on it, on Capt Nathaniel Smiths Land, thence East 9 Degrees North 201 
Rods to an old Elm Stump and Stones laid to it, on Land belonging to 
Daniel Rowe, then North 12 Degrees East 1250 Rods to a heap of 
Stones being an Ancient Monument in Goshen Line on the North Line 
of Litchfield\ then North 33 Degrees & 30 Minits West 500 Rods to two 
soft Maple Trees growing together at the Bottom with Stones in the 
Crotch thereof and marked S.P.D.W.W.S.H.B. then North 35 Degrees 
West 187 Rods to a Chestnut Stump and Stones laid to it, on the East 
side of the Road near Jonathan Thompsons House, then North 70 De- 
grees West 458 Rods to a heap of Stones on the Line between Goshen & 
Cornwall, then the same Course in Cornwall 248 Rods to a large White 
Oak Tree, and Stones laid to it. then South 68 Degrees West 178 Rods to 
the North East Corner of a Farm of Land, which Rufus Hart bought of 
Nathan Seward, then North 68 Degrees & 30 Minits West 113^^ Rods 
to the North West Corner of said Farm, then South 18 Degrees .30 Minits 
West 328 Rods to a heap of Stones then South 196 Rods to a red Ash 
Tree near a Brook in a Meadow lately belonging to Samuel Green De- 
ceasd, then South 2 Degrees 30 Minits East 130 Rods to a large Pine 
Stump and Stones laid to it at the Head of the West Branch of Shippaug 
River, thence by said West Branch till it Joins the East Branch, and by 
Shippaug River to the first mentioned Boundary be and they are hereby 
Constituted an Eclesiastical Society to be known and Called by the Name 
of Milton with all the Power xA.uthoritys, Right and Immunities which 
by Law the other Eclesiastical Societies established by Law in this State 
now have and enjoy And Whereas a great part of the Inhabitants now 
formed into a Society by this Act were in January 1769 by Act of Assem- 
bly formed into a Society for the Term of four Months in each Year & 
in Consequence have been and remain to this Time organized as a Society 
& have been known and called by the Name of the third Society in Litch- 
field, and as such have Voted Taxes appointed Collectors and purchased 
& hold Property &c. The Inhabitants of said Society of Milton & their 
Successors are liereby vested with all the property which is now holden 
by said third Society and are liable to pay and enabled to Collect all Debts 
due from or to said 3d Society in Capacity of a Society and to enforce 
Collection of all Taxes laid by said third Society which remain uncol- 
lected, and in all respects to proceed in all Matters & Concerns of said 
third Society in Litchfield which are now unfinished as they in Capacity 
of a Society could have done if the Society of Milton had not been formed. 
And the Powers and Authorities of the Collectors of Taxes already ap- 
pointed in said third Society and who have not compleated their Col- 
lection are hereby Continued to them. And John Welch Esqr who is an 
Inhabitant of said Society of Milton is hereby Authorized to give Notice 
to the Inhabitants of said Society to meet at the Meeting House in said 
Society at two o'clock in the afternoon of the second Monday in June 
next at which Meeting the said John Welch Esqr is authorized to Act 
as Moderator, and the Inhabitants of said Society being met as aforesaid 
on said second Monday of June are hereby Authorized to proceed in the 



284 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

same manner and vested with the same powers as the Inhabitants of other 
Eclesiastical Societies in this State are.'*'^ 

On the Memorial of Isaac Lewiss of Southington in Hartford County 
Guardian to John L Lewis a Minor Shewing to this Assembly that there 
was distributed to the said John after the Decease of his Father two thirds 
of a dwelling House and four Acres and a half of Land adjoining lying 
in Weathersfield in said County that said John is now a Student in Yale 
College, and has no other means of paying his Expences already incurred 
and for the completion of his Education but by the Sale of said real Estate 
which may now be advantageously sold, Praying this Assembly to give 
Liberty for the Sale of said Minors part of said Dwelling House and 
Land, and to Authorize some Person under the direction and with the 
advice of the Court of Probate for the District of Hartford to execute 
a Deed or Deeds of the same to the Purchaser or Purchasers thereof on 
giving such Bond as said Court of Probate shall Order to account for the 
Avails of said House and Land as pr Memorial on file Dated the 20th 
Day of May 1795, Whereupon the facts in said Petition having been found 
true. 

It is by tJiis Assembly Ordered and Resolved that Isaac Lewiss afore- 
said be and he is hereby authorized to Sell said House and Land under the 
direction of said Court of Probate and that he execute a Deed or Deeds to 
the Purchaser or Purchasers thereof he gi'^'ing Bond with Surety to the 
Judge of said Court of Probate & his Successors in Office to Account for 
the Avails of said House and Land, which Deed or Deeds shall be valid 
in Law to Conve)' the Title of said House and Land to the Purchaser or 
Purchasers thereof as fully as if the same should have been executed by 
said Minor when of full Age.^^ 

Upon the Memorial of Mary Judd & Allen S Judd of Watertown and 
others shewing to this Assembly, that Timothy Judd Escir of said Water- 
town has by reason of Age and Bodily Infirmity lost the powers of his 
Mind & Memory and is incapable of transacting Business, and that ex- 
pence hath arisen in his support and maintenance and is likely to arise 
in his support and maintenance. And that there are other Debts due from 
the said Timothy, And that he the said Timothy is possessed of real Estate 
which may with more conviency for the purpose of paying said Debts and 

47. The first notice of the Milton church is a record of an adjourned meeting of 
the Third Society of Litchfield in 1779, when it was decided to hire a preacher. 
Organization of the new society took place on August 19, 1798, with eleven men and 
thirteen women from Litchfield, Goshen, Cornwall, and Warren. The first permanent 
pastor was the Rev. Benjamin Judd, installed in 1802. History of Litchfield County 
Connecticut . . . (Philadelphia, 1881), pp. 131-132. 

48. John Livy Lewis, b. 1779, was in the Yale class of 1796, but dropped out at 
the end of his junior year, soon after the granting of this petition. His father, John 
Lewis, 1746-1792, a graduate of Yale in 1770, had served as tutor at Yale and then as 
pastor of Stepney Parish in Wethersfield until his death. Class Lists of Yale Col- 
lege, 1792-95 ; F. B. Dexter, Biographical Sketches of the Graduates of Yale College, 
III 385-387; Henry R. Stiles, The History of Ancient Wethersfield Connecticut, U, 
483. For a petition in behalf of a minor sister of John Lewis, see below p. 460. 



1795. OF CONNECTICUT 285 

expellees be Sold and praying that some meet and proper Person may be 
appointed & Impowered to Sell and Convey said Lands for the purpose 
aforesaid, as pr Memorial on file Dated 27th Day of March 1795, 

Resolved by this Assembly that Allen S Judd be appointed and Im- 
powered and "he the said Allen S. Judd is hereby appointed and fully 
Impowered to Sell and Convey said real Estate and to execute and give 
a Deed or Deeds to the Purchaser or Purchasers thereof for the purposes 
aforesaid. And that the Deed or Deeds as given as aforesaid shall be good 
and effectual in Law for Conveying said Estate to the Purchaser or Pur- 
chasers thereof and to their Heirs and Assigns forever as though said 
Deed or Deeds had been Given and every way Legally authenticated by 
the said Timothy Judd in the full possession and use of his Mind and 
Memory.'*^ 

On the Memorial of Ebenezer French of Huntington in the County of 
Fairfield Shewing to this Assembly that he has depending before this 
Assembly a Petition vs his Creditors praying for an Act of Insolvency in 
his favour &c, and that his personal Attendance is necessary on the Tryal 
of said Petition, Praying that his person may be protected and secured 
from Arrest on Civil Process in comeing to said Assembly &c as pr Me- 
morial on file Dated 20th Day of May 1795, 

Resolved by tJiis Assembly that the person of the said Ebenezer 
French be protected and secured from all Arrests on Civil Process while 
comnig to attending upon and returning from this Assembly, and all 
Sheriffs and other are to take Notice thereof and Conduct themselves 
accordingly.^^ 

Upon the Memorial of John Hands of Middletown in the County oi' 
Middlesex Shewing to this Assembly that he is Owner of four fifths of a 
Dwelling House and about seven Acres of Land in said Middletown. 
And that the fee of the other one fifth part of said House and Land is in 
his only Child a Minor Aged nine Years 

Resolved by this Assembly that Liberty and Authority be and the 
same is hereby Given to the Memorialist to Sell and dispose of said 
Minors One fifth part of said House and Land and to make legal Con- 
veyance thereof under the direction of the Judge of the Court of Probate 
for the District of Middletown, on his securing the value of said One 

49. Timothy Judd, 1713-1796, was born in Farmington but moved to Watertown 
as a child. He graduated from Yale in 1737, was licensed to preach, but never had 
a parish. He served as representative in the Connecticut assembly for twenty ses- 
sions between 1746 and 1773. He held a commission in the provincial militia and 
was for many years a selectman in Watertown. His son, Allen Southmayd, b. 1756, 
lived in Northfield Parish, Litchiield, and it was in his house that his father lived 
in his last years and died a year after this petition. The statement in the memorial 
that Allen S. Judd was an inhabitant of Watertown is erroneous. F. B. Dexter, 
Biographical Sketches of the Graduates of Yale CoUege, I, 579-580; Henry Bronson, 
The History of IVaterbury, Connecticut . . ., pp. 509-510; Sylvester Judd, Thomas 
Judd and His Descendants (Northampton, Mass., 1856), pp. 16-17, 21. 

50. See above, pp. 218 and 278 for an earlier freedom from arrest and the act of 
insolvency in the case of Ebenezer French. 



286 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

fifth part of said House and Land to said Minor by giving him a good 
and Authentick Deed of Land in manner and form as said Judge shall 
direct. 

Upon the Memorial of Daniel Dwight, Shewing to this Assembly that 
he has pending before this Assembly a Petition vs. John I Glover and 
others and that his personal Attendance is necessary on the Tryal &c of 
said Petition & praying for protection of his person while going to sd 
Assembly as pr Memorial on file 

Resolved by this Asseuibly that the person of the said Dwight l)e pro- 
tected while comeing to attending upon & returning from this Assembly, 
and all Sheriffs and others are to take Notice thereof and conduct them- 
selves accordingly. 

Upon the Memorial of John Bulkley of Colchester Guardian to Roxana 
Bulkley Daughter of John Bulkley Junr late of Colchester Deceasd the 
said Roxana being about seven Years old. And Aaron Buckland and 
Theodosia Buckland his Wife of East Hartford, representing that the 
said John Buckley Junr died Seized of the undivided half of One half of an 
Acre of Land lying in Colchester with a House standing thereon bounded 
West on the Town Street Southerly on the Land belonging to the Heirs 
of Jonathan Deming Deceasd, Westerly and Northerly on the Land of 
said John Buckley, and that said John Buckly Jur. died and left but One 
Child, and the said Theodosia his Widow who holds a Right of Dower in 
said Estate, and that the Estate is so situated that a distribution can not be 
made without Injury to said Estate and the Owners thereof and that 
it may be Sold to advantage Praying for Liberty to sell said Roxanas 
Right in said Estate 

Resolved by tJiis Assembly that Power and Authority be given and 
Authority is hereby Given unto John Buckley of Colchester to sell and 
convey for the full value thereof all the Interest the said Roxana has in 
the aforedescribed Land and give a Deed of the same to the Purchaser 
first giving Bonds to the Judge of Probate for the District of East Hadam, 
that the Avails thereof shall be secured and applied to the benefit of said 
Roxana. ^^ 

Upon the Petition of Joshua Lathrop and others Shewing to this As- 
sembly that there is necessity of immediately repairing the Stage road 
leading from the Line of this State Westward through the Towns of 
Sterling Plainfield Preston Lisbon and Norwich to Norwich Praying 
for Liberty to erect and establish Turnpikes on said Road, and to Collect 
a Toll from Travellers to be applied to the keeping said Road in repair and 

51. John Bulkeley of Colchester, 1738-1807, was a great-grandson of the famous 
Rev. Gershom Bulkeley. John Bulkeley's son, John Bulkeley, Jr., 1759-1788, married 
Theodosia Foote, 1766-1802 and their only child, Roxanna, was born in 1788. Mary 
Bulkeley, daughter of John, Sr., and sister to John, Jr., married Aaron Buckland of 
liast Hartford. The reference in this memorial to Aaron Buckland and his wife 
Theodosia is thus incorrect. Aaron's wife was Mary ; Theodosia was the widow of 
John Bulkeley, Jr. Donald Lines Jacobus, The Bulkeley Genealogv . . . (New Haven 
1933), pp. 291,721-722. 



1795. OF CONNECTICUT 287 

to the reimbursing to those who shall repair said Road the Sums by them 
advanced with an Interest as pr Petition on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that the said Joshua Lathrop and his Asso- 
ciates together with such other Persons as shall associate with them their 
Successors Heirs and Assigns be and they are hereby Constituted a Cor- 
poration by the Name of the New London and Windham County Society 
for establishing a Turn Pike Road from Norwich to Rhode Island Line 
through Norwich Lisbon Preston Plainfield and Sterling, and by that 
Name to Sue and be Sued in all Courts of Record, to ordain and establish 
such By Laws Ordinances and Regulations as shall appear necessary for 
the Government of said Society not contrary to Law Subject neverthe- 
less to be repealed by the Superior Court of this State 

And be it further Resolved that a Meeting of said Society shall be held 
at Norwich on the first Monday of July next, and annual and other 
Meetings of said Society shall be held from Time to Time as said Society 
shall direct for the Choice of Necessary Officers and establishing regula- 
tions and the Members of said Society shall have as many Votes in said 
Meeting as they hold Shares therein 

And be it further Resolved that as soon as said Society shall have fully 
repaired said Road and expended thereon in repair the Sum of twelve 
Hundred pounds lawfull Money, the said Proprietors shall be and they 
are hereby Authorized to erect and establish two Turn Pikes on said 
Road the one within ten Miles of Norwich Court House and the other 
within five Miles of Rhode Island Line, at which Turn Pikes the said 
Society shall be and they are hereby authorized to Collect the following 
Tolls viz 

Cents 
Every Travelling or Pleasure four Wheel 

Carriage & Draft Horses 25 

Chaise Chair or Sulkey & Horse 12^ 

Mail Stage 634 

Loaded Waggon or Cart 12J/2 

Empty Do Do 6>4 

Single Horse Cart loaded 6V4 

Empty Do 4 

Horn Cattle & Mules each 3 

Pleasure & travelling Sleys 6>4 

Loaded Sleds & Sleys 4 

Empty Do Do 3 

Man & Horse 3 

Provided nevertheless that persons travelling on the Lords Day, and 
other Publick Days to attend Publick W'orship, Persons attending Funer- 
als, Persons travelling to attend Town or Society Meetings and Farmers 
in the Neighbourhood of said Turn Pikes passing through said Turnpikes 
to attend their farming Business, shall not be liable to the payment of said 
Toll, 

And be it further Resolved that said Society shall at all Times keep 
said Turn Pike Road in good repair at the expence of said Corporation 



288 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

so long as said Corporation shall receive said Toll, and a fair Account of 
the produce of the said Toll and the expence of repairing and keeping in 
repair said Road shall he kept hy said Proprietors, subject to Inspection 
by any Committee appointed by the General Assembly of this State for 
that purpose. And whenever and as soon as the aforesaid Toll shall reim- 
burse to the Proprietors their Successors Heirs and Assigns the Sums 
by them advanced together with Interest at twelve pr Centum pr Annum 
the said Road shall be and remain discharged from said ToU.^- 

Upon the Memorial of William Edmond of Newtown in the County of 
Fairfield Shewing to this Assembly that as Collector of Excise for said 
County he employed Andrew Rowland Esqr. as his Deputy, that on a final 
Adjustment of Accounts with said Rowland relative to his Collections of 
Excise as Deputy as aforesaid there remained in his Hands a Ballance of 
£101.0.4. together with a Sum in Interest for which Sums amounting in 
the whole to il07.13.1, said Rowland together with David Burr 3d, as 
his Surety gave their Note dated April 7th 1791, payable on Demand with 
Interest to the Treasurer of this State in Certificates for Interest on 
Money Loaned to this State, on which Note nothing has ever been paid. 
That the Petitioner instituted a Suit on said Note in the behalf of said 
Treasurer which Suit by legal removes came to and is still depending 
before the Superior Court in said County, That the Defendants have 
suffered a Default and moved to said Court to be heard in Damages for 
the purpose of obtaining a Liquidation and adjustment of the value of 
said Securities at the Time of executing said Note, and for that purpose 
have ffiled a Motion before said Court for the admission of Witnesses to 
prove the value of said Securities, That ow^eing to the increased Business 
of said Court he has been unal)le to obtain final Judgment in said Cause, 
that in the mean Time the Comptroller has obtained an Execution against 
the Petitioner in favour of the Treasurer of this State for the Ballance 
found against him for Excise amounting to £270.12.7 &c and pravini; 
releif as pr Memorial on file. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Comptroller be and he is hereby 
directed not to enforce the Collection of said Execution within the princi- 
pal Sum of said Note, untill finall Judgment and Execution be had upon 
the same, And that upon the Petitioners paying over to the Comptroller 
such Sum as shall be recovered for said Note in said Suit by the Judg- 
ment of said Superior Court after Judgment had thereon or the full 
Amount of said Note Principal and Interest in any Securities that were 
by Law receivable for Excise the Comptroller Credit the Petitioner to the 
full Amount of the Principal Sum of said Note & his Collecting fees 
thereon upon said Execution. 

On the Memorial of a number of the Inhabitants of the City of Norwich 
in the County of New London in behalf of themselves and their Asso- 
ciates Signed by Joshua Lathrop their Chairman, Shewing to this As- 

52. For the initial establishment of a turnpike on this road in October 1794 see 
above, pp. 219-20. 



1795. OF CONNECTICUT 289 

sembly that for the purpose of rendering any future Loss which may 
happen to them by Fire as hght as possible to Individuals sustaining 
such Loss, they have formed themselves into a mutual Assurance Com- 
pany, for the purpose of mutually assuring each other from Losses happen- 
ing by Fire, And that to carry into effect the Object of their Institution 
have drawn up a Deed of Settlement, and Subscribed the same Contain- 
ing a variety of Covenants mutually to Compel each other to the per- 
formance of the several Articles of their Institution, and have appointed 
Directors of their Business, with Authority to Insure in their behalf. 
And that in Order to carry said Institution into compleat effect, they find 
difficulties which cannot be surmounted without applying to this Assem- 
bly for an Act of Incorporation which difficulties consist principally in 
the want of legal Authority to establish and inforce necessary regulations 
amongst themselves for guarding against and extinguishing Fires and 
inforcing the necessary Contributions expediciously when Losses happen 
to the insured Praying that they their Associates and Successors may be 
incorporated with such Powers as are necessary to effect the Objects of 
said Institution as pr Petition on file Dated 18th May 1795. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Memorialists be and they are here- 
by Constituted and incorporated into a Society by the Name of the Mutual 
Assurance Company of the City of Norwich by which Name the Me- 
morialists their Associates & Successors may forever hereafter sue mid 
be sued plead and be impleaded with every Power necessary to carry into 
compleat Effect the Articles Covenants and Agreements contained in said 
Deed of Settlement with full power of making all necessary Bye Laws 
for the regulation of the Affairs of said Society Provided such Bye Laws 
be not contrary to the Laws of this State or inconsistant with the pro- 
visions of said Deed of Settlement and that they be subject to be repealed 
by the Superior Court of this State.^^ 

Upon the Petition of Elijah Baldwin of Derby in New Haven County 
stating that from a variety of Misfortunes he is reduced and unable to pay 
his Debts Praying therein that an x^ct of Insolvency be passed in his 
favour as pr Petition on file This Petition was l^rought to this Assembly 

53. The Norwich Mutual Assurance Company, still in operation, was the first 
insurance company incorporated in Connecticut. It held its first preliminary rneeting 
in Dec. 1794, when a number of Norwich citizens decided to form an organization 
for protection against loss from fire. A second meeting in January 1795 approved 
a set of by-laws and a deed of settlement. Each person joining the association was to 
pay on his policy a premium of one-half of one per cent for the first year, one-third 
for the second, and one-quarter thereafter After the profits of the company reached 
$6,666.66, the surplus was to be divided annually. The company has never had a 
president.' Zachariah Huntington was its first secretary. Until 1825 its annual meet- 
ings were held in Norwich Town Court House, after that year alternately in Chelsea 
and Norwich Town. The company has always issued policies only from its home 
office and through its agency in New London. It insures only the property of persons 
known personally to its officers, and since 1838 has insured only buildings used ex- 
clusively as dwellings. On Joshua Lothrop, see below, p. 340 note Caulkins, History 
of Norwich Connecticut, p. 649; P. H. Woodward, "Insurance in Connecticut," 
in The New England States, edited by W. T. Davis, II, 508-509; Archibald Ashley 
Welch, A History of Insurance in Connecticut; Publications of the Tercentenary 
Commission of the State of Connecticut, No. 43, pp. 4, 14. 



290 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

at their last October Session and by a legal remove came to this Assem- 
bly when the Creditors being called publicly three Times did not appear, 
And the facts therein Stated being fully proved, 

It is thereupon Resolved by this Assembly that the said Elijah Baldwin 
shall within three Months next after the rising of this Assembly and 
without fraud deliver over on Oath to Trustees hereafter named all the 
Property both real and personal which he now owns and Possesses except 
such Articles as are by Law exempted from being Levied upon by Execu- 
tions for the benefit of his said Creditors, And Messrs Joseph \\'heeler, 
Joseph Daviss & Jesse Beach all of said Derby are hereby appointed 
Trustees to said Elijah Baldwin and are Impowered or any two of them 
being first under Oath, to receive at the Hands of said Elijah his Property 
to be delivered as aforesaid and upon the receipt of the same and Elijah 
complying with this Act in every particular to make and deliver to said 
Elijah a Certificate thereof which Certificate shall operate as a Discharge 
from all the Debts which he contracted previous to the 24th Day of July 
1794. and shall be a good Discharge against any Demand of his said 
Creditors, And thereupon the Person of the said Elijah and all the prop- 
erty which he shall in future acquire be and the same are hereby discharged 
and forever exonerated from all his Debts contracted before said 24th 
Day, And said Trustees are hereby Impowered to Sell and dispose of all 
such Property as shall be delivered to them as aforesaid in such way as 
they shall Judge most for the Interest of said Creditors, And they shall 
pay over to said Creditors the Avails thereof in proportion to the Amount 
of their several Demands against said Elijah having previously notified 
said Creditors in one or more of the newspapers in this State of this their 
appointment & requested the said Creditors to bring in their several De- 
mands in such a Limited Time as they shall Judge reasonable provided 
it dot [ ?don't] exceed six Months from the rising of this Assembly and 
said Trustees are Impowered to pay themselves reasonably for Trouble 
and expence out of the Avails of said Property.-'^'* 

Upon the Memorial of William Hubbard Shewing to this .\ssembly that 
the List of the Town of Guilford for the Year 1792 was by mistake aug- 
mented the Sum of £1066.0.0, by an erroneous addition of a number of 
Oxen and Cows included therein to the .Amount of the aforesaid Sum by 
means of which the Treasurer of the State issued his Warrant to the 
Memorialist as Collector of said Guilford requiring a Collection of 
£6.12.3 upon said Erroneous Sum of said List which Sum is not collectible, 
praying that the Treasurer be directed to rectify said Mistake &c as pr 
Memorial Dated May 20th 1795 

Resolved that the Treasurer be and he is hereby directed to Credit the 
said Collector of Guilford the aforesaid Sum of £6.12.3 included in said 
Warrant, and also rectify the List of said Town for the Year aforesaid 
upon the Mistakes appearing thereon. 



54. The petitioner was probably the EHjah Baldwin, 1740-1816, who practiced 
medicine in Derby. Charles Candee Baldwin, The Baldwin Genealogy, from 1500 to 
1881 (Cleveland, 1881), 1, 113. 



1795. OF CONNECTICUT 291 

upon the Memorial of Josiah Hammond Hezekiah Hammond John 
Hammond Asa Hammond and Anne Kimball, Shewing to this Assemble 
that they together with Mary Hammond late Deceasd, were the only 
Children of Josiah Hammond late of Woodstock in the County of Wind- 
ham Deceasd That said Mary Deed, some Time in the Year 1779, and 
that a little Time before her Death she was delivered of an Illegitimate 
Daughter who was called by the Name of Hannah Hammond and was 
brought up in the Family and at the expence of said Josiah Deceasd. And 
that said Josiah Deceasd sometime before his Death gave to said Hannah 
in Notes of Hand and other Personal Property to the amount of about 
fifty pounds lawfull Money, and in and by his last Will & Testament did 
bequeath to said Hannah a variety of Household Furniture amounting to 
about £119.19.2, And that said Hannah Deceased in the Month of Novem- 
ber 1794, without making any Disposition of her said Property and with- 
out Heirs at Law. Praying that the Estate of said Hannah Deceasd, after 
Just Debts and Funeral Charges are paid may be distributed and divided 
amongst the Memorialists in the same Manner as if they were Heirs at 
Law to said Hannah And that the Court of Probate for the District of 
Pomfrett be directed to Order distribution of said Estate accordingly as 
by Memorial on file, Which facts being found by this Assembly to be true 

// is thereupon Resolved by this Assembly that said Estate of said 
Hannah Deceasd, shall descend to and vest in the said Josiah Hammond, 
Hezekiah Hammond John Hammond Asa Hammond and Anna Kimball 
in the same manner as it would if they were Heirs at Law to said Flan- 
nah, And that the Judge of the Court of Probate for the District of Pom- 
frett be and he is hereby directed to Order the distribution of said Estate 
accordingly.^^ 

Upon the Memorial of Benajah Billings of Chatham in Middlesex 
County Shewing to this Assembly that he was a Soldier in Capt James 
Eldridges Company in Colo Jedidiah Huntington Regiment of the Con- 
necticut Line of the Continental Army in the Year 1777, that he was 
Honorably discharged on the 16th Day of April 1780, That he has a 
State Note due him for said Service of the Sum of £8.9.7 principal in the 
Hands and Possession of the Comptroller which said Comptroller cannot 
deliver to said Petitioner without the Direction of this Assembly praying 
that said Comptroller may be directed to deliver said Note to said Peti- 
tioner as pr Petition on file Dated 3d Day of June 1795, 

55. Josiah Hammond, Sr., 1700-1793, had moved from Newton to Woodstock in 
1724. His landed property in Woodstock extended from Woodstock Hill to Woodstock 
Lake. His children were: Capt. Josiah, 1724-1802; Hezekiah, 1733-1813; Asa, 1732- 
1814; Anne, b. 1725, and Mary, 1744-1779. Mary's daughter, Hannah, was born in 
1772. Deacon Jedediah Morse wrote to his son Jedediah of her death in November 
1794: "Hannah, daughter of Polly Hammand born & brought up at old Mr. Ham- 
mond's her grandfather's, who was about twenty years old, died last Tuesday of a 
consumption." C. W. Bowen, The History of Woodstock, Connecticut ; Genealogies 
of Woodstock Families, VI (Norwood, 1935), 575-582; Frederick Stam Hammond, 
History and Genealogies of the Hammond Families in America, H (Oneida N Y 
1904), 270-271. 



292 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 



)V 



Resolved by this Assembly that the Comptroller be and he is herel __ 
Ordered and directed to deliver said State Note to the said Benajah Bill- 
ings taking his Receipt for the Sum in due form. 

Resolved by this Assembly that Jeremiah Ripley Syh-ester Gilbert & 
Elijah Chapman junr Esquires be a Committee with full powers, and 
Authority is given to them to view the great Road leading from Windham 
to Providence through Canterbury & Plainfield untill it falls into the 
Road that leads from Norwich to Providence in the Town of Plainfield, 
and make such Alterations as they shall think proper in said Road and 
Assess Damages as such Alterations may occasion, to any Individual or 
Individuals if any And Report make to the General Assembly at their 
Sessions in October next with their Opinion whether a Turnpike or 
Turnpikes on said Road is necessary and if so to point out the place or 
places where the same ought to be affixed, first giving Notice to all 
Parties concerned by posting up a Notification in the Towns through 
which said Road runs that is to be viewed twenty Days previous to the 
Time they shall enter on said Business. ^*^ 

Upon the Memorial and Representation of John Chester, John Trum- 
bull Noadiah Hooker, John Morgan & John Caldwell a Committee ap- 
pointed to build a State House in Hartford, Shewing that they have been 
appointed by the Legislature Managers of a Lottery Granted for the pur- 
pose of compleating said State House and that they have proceeded to 
draw the same that seven Thousand of the Tickets were unsold and that 
a Loss of £2784.0.0 has been thereby occasioned leaving but £2216.0.0 
including all Expences, and losses that may arise from bad Debts for the 
benefit of said State House. Also Shewing that the Amount of Bills in- 
curred by covering the said State House last Fall in Order to Secure 
the Walls against the Injury of the Weather is about eighteen Hundred 
pounds more than has been by them received, the greatest part of which 
they have since borrowed on their private Credit on Interest, and advanced 
in payment ; That part of said Bills still remain unpaid, and that the Time 
for which they borrowed said Money will expire soon after the rising of 
the present General Assembly, 

Resolved by this Assembly that there be Loaned to the Memorialists 
out of the Treasury the Sum of eighteen Hundred pounds lawfull Money 
on their giving their Note for the same payable to the Treasurer of this 
State in twelve Months from its Date without Interest. °'' 



56. In May 1799 the Windham Turnpike Company was incorporated to operate 
a road which ran from Wilhmantic through Windham Center, Scotland, and Canter- 
bury to Plainfield (the course of the present Route 14), where it joined the road of the 
New London and Windham County Society leading on to the Rhode Island state 
line in Sterling. Wood, Turnpikes of New Enyland, pp. 352-354. 

57. For resolves for building the State House and authorizing this lottery, see 
Conn. State Records, VII, 394, and above, p. 80. The present memorialists, appointed 
to raise money from the citizens, were by now discouraged. The legislature had 
agreed to contribute to the building fund about $5,000 on condition that the city, 
town, and county of Hartford match its subscription. Hartford citizens raised the 
sum without difficulty, but $10,000 was insufficient to complete the building. The 



1795. OF CONNECTICUT 293 

Upon the Petition of Benoni Grant of St Armand in the Province of 
Lower Canada, Shewing to this Assembly that he served in the different 
Offices of Serjeant Ensign & Lieutenant in Colo Seth Warners Regiment 
in the late Continental Army and was dismissed in the Month of Decembr 
1780 during which Time he was reckoned and returned as one of the Con- 
necticut Troops for which Service their remains due to him from said 
State the Sum of ill 1.7.4 with the Interest thereon from the first Day 
of January 1780 for the depreciation of Continental Money and also the 
Sum of £80.4.10 for the Arrearages of his pay for said Service with the 
Interest thereon from the first Day of June 1782, And that on application 
for said Pay in the Month of December 1794 found that the Comptroller 
had delivered the Notes made out for said Pay to One Punderson upon 
a forged Power of Attorney &c Praying for releif, which Facts being 
satisfactorily proved &c 

Resolved by this Assembly That the Treasurer be directed to Issue and 
deliver to said Benoni Grant two Notes of the same Sum Tenor & Date 
of two Notes delivered over by the Comptroller on the 26th Day of May 
1794 to Ahimiaz C Punderson who presented the forged Power of At- 
torney as aforesaid. 

Upon the Petition of Timothy Jones Henry Daggett Elias Beers Wil- 
liam Lyon & Nathan Beers all of New Haven in the County of New Haven 
representing to this Assembly that in the Month of October 1793 they 
were appointed Managers of a certain Lottery Granted by the General 
Assembly of this State at their Session in the Month of October 1791, for 
the encouragement of usefull Manufactures in this State, And that in 
pursuance of their said appointment they have accepted said Trust and 
entered into Bonds for a faithfull discharge thereof, and published a 
Scheme for said Lottery and disposed of part of the Tickets thereof Pray- 
ing this Assembly to direct and appoint the Time when the drawing of 
said Lottery shall commence as by Petition on file. 

Resolved by this Assembly that said Managers be and they are hereby 
Authorized and directed to begin and Commence the drawing of said 
Lottery on the first Monday of September next.^^ 

Upon the Petition of Stephen Gray Junr and his Wife Annis Gray both 
of Reading in Fairfield County, Shewing to this Assembly that the said 
Annis is now upwards of nineteen Years of Age, and is under Twenty One 
Years of Age, and that she owns a certain peice of Land in fee lying in 
Danbury in said County Bounded North & South by the Land of Nathaniel 
Starr West by Still River so called and Easterly on Nathaniel Dibbles 

lottery of 1793 had dragged on for two years before enough tickets had been sold; 
the final lottery profit was less than ten per cent. The present grant tided over the 
committee financially. The entire responsibility of completing the State House was 
now turned over to Andrew Ward and Jeremiah Halsey. See above, pp. 255-56. Shaw 
Livermore, Early American Land Companies: Their Influence on Corporate Devel- 
opment, pp. 192-193. 

58. Permission for a lottery was granted in Oct. 1791 ; Conn. State Records, VII, 
330-332. For other petitions and grants on this lottery, see above, pp 18 146 254 
and below, pp. 492, 495, 500. 



294 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

Land contaiiiinc^ about ten Acres. And that she also Owns an undivided 
Right in the thirds of the Widow of John Starr Junr late of said Danbury 
Deceasd, And the Petitioners conceive it will be for their advantage to 
make Sale of said Land and the said Anniss Right in said thirds, praying 
this Assembly to impower the said Stephen Gray to execute a Deed of 
Conveyance of the premisses &c as pr Petition on file 

JJliercupon Resolved by this Assembly that the said Stephen Gray 
Junr have power to make Sale of the said described premisses, and that a 
Deed of Conveyance thereof executed by the said Stephen shall be god 
[sic] and effectual to convey the Title in the premisses to the Grantee as 
if the said Annis was of full Age and executed the same Deed with him 
the said Stephen. 

Upon the Petition of Solomon Elsworth Benjamin Elsworth Israel 
Allen & Stoddard Elsworth and others Shewing to this Assemblv that 
the Petitioners live near and adjoining to Scantick River so called that 
said Scantick River Communicates with Connecticut River and is navig- 
able for Boats &c for five Miles into the Country, that the Lands adjoining 
said River Scantick abound with Eirewood Timber &c and the most 
feasible mode of transporting said Articles to Market is by Boats down 
said River Scantick That the boating Business down said River Scan- 
tick is considerably increasing and highly beneficial to the Inhabitants 
living near thereto and the Market Towns on Connecticut River below, 
that about twelve Years ago a Saw Mill now Owned by Elihu Loomiss was 
erected with a Dam across said River Scantick to the entire obstruction of 
the passage by Boats and also the passage of Fish into said River Scan- 
tick &c S:c Praying for releif as pr Petition on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that a Committee be appointed & Samuel 
Hale Reuben Sikes & Matthew Hyde Esqrs. are hereby appointed a Com- 
mittee at the expence of the Petitioners to view the situation of the Dam 
therein mentioned, and whether a Lock or Pent Locks may not be formed 
in said Dam to facilitate the Navigation of the River Scantick without 
Injuring said Dam or without much expence of Water & to see if the 
obstructions of the navigation & Eishery in said River Scantick can in any 
Just & reasonable Mode be removed and whether the Petitioners are en- 
titled to any & what releif in the premisses and Report their Opinion to 
the General Assembly during the present or some future Session. ^^ 

Upon the Memorial of Peter Sherman in behalf of the Oxford Turn- 
pike Company Shewing that they have obtained a Grant from this Assem- 
bly to erect a Turnpike on the Road leading from Southbury to Derby and 

59. For an earlier petition of Solomon Ellsworth, see above, pp. 165-66, and for 
further action, see below, pp. i2)2-2>Z. This mill was mentioned in another petition for a 
right in it in May 1788. Elihu Loomis, 1758-1816, owned the mill at the mouth of the 
Scantic. Since shipbuilding was carried on there, the mill probably cut boards for 
that industry. The Loomis family lived in East Windsor. Henry R. Stiles, The 
History and Genealogies of Ancient Windsor, Connecticut .... I. 542; Elias Loomis, 
The Descendants of Joseph Looynis . . ., 2nd ed. (New Haven, 1875), p. 59. 



1795. OF CONNECTICUT 295 

New Haven through the Parish of Oxford, after having put the same in 
good repair,*'" And" that the Memorialists propose to accomphsh the same 
as soon as possible but that in many places said Road may be streightened 
and thereby much Shortened and laid on much better Ground which will 
greatly lessen the expence of repairing said Road and accomodate the 
public much better than where it now runs, and as repairing said Road will 
be attended with verv great Expence it will be necessary to have such Al- 
teration take place before said Repairs are begun Praying for a Com- 
mittee &c as pr Memorial on file. 

Resolved by this Assembly that David Whittlesey Esqr. of Washing- 
ton Nathan Preston Esqr & Doctor Samuel Orton both of Woodbury be 
and thev are hereby appointed a Committee with full Power and Auth- 
ority to view said Road from Southbury to Derby and make such altera- 
tions therein as thev shall Judge necessary for accomodating the Publick 
in the best manner'and said Towns of Derby & Southbury. and all per- 
sons whose interest may be affected by such alterations shall be Notified 
to attend said Committee when thev view said Road, and said Committee 
after having heard all Parties Concerned shall Assess to such Persons 
such Sums of Damages as they Judge Just and reasonable and the expence 
of such Alterations "as said Committee shall make in said Road shall be 
paid by the Town in which such alterations are made, and said Commit- 
tee shall report their Doings to this or some future Assembly. 

Upon the Petition of Joseph Webb of Weathersfield in Hartford County 
and others Heirs of the" Estate of Joseph Webb late of said Weathersfield 
Deceasd against Jesse Dean of Hartford in Hartford County Administra- 
tor of the Estate of Silas Dean late of said Weathersfield Deceasd and 
others dated the 29th Day of May 1794 which Petition was first brott 
before this Assembly at their Session in October last, and by sundry 
Continuances came before this Assembly at their present Session, and 
since the last Session of this Assembly the said Barnabas Dean hath Died 
having made his last Will and Testament, and thereby appointed Jere- 
miah Wadsworth Esqr of said Hartford Executor thereof and in and by 
said Last Will hath devised his Estate to said Jesse Dean & Hannah 
Buck the Wife of Josiah Buck of said Weathersfield and now at this 
Assembly the said Wadsworth & the said Jesse Dean & the said Josiah 
& his said Wife Hannah voluntarily came before this Assembly and agreed 
to enter themselves respondents in said Petition in the room and place of 
said Barnabas Dean Deceasd so far as the right and the Estate of said 
Barnabas are affected by said Petition, and at this Assembly the Peti- 
tioners and Respondents all appeared and by Consent of all Parties it is 

Resolved by this Assembly that Jonathan IngersoU Alexander Wolcott 
Roger Griswold Esqrs be and they are hereby appointed a Committee 
with full Power to enquire into the Facts stated in said Petition & Report 
the same with their Opinion thereon to the next or some future Assembly 
and said Committee are hereby .-Xuthorized to meet at the dwelling House 
of Jonathan Jones in Hartford aforesaid on the last Tuesday of August 

60. See above, pp. 276-77. 



296 PUBLIC RFxoRDS ^lay, 

next at 8 OClock in the forenoon and said Committee or either one or 
more in Case of the Absence of the other or Others shall have full Power 
to Adjourn from Time to Time.^^ 

Upon the Memorial of Daniel Ames of Berlin in Hartford County 
Shewing that on the first Monday of October 1788 when the Militia Com- 
pany to whicli he lielonged was called out upon a Review he was Ordered 
by his Commanding Officer to fire his Peice at a Mark, that he did it in 
Obedience to those Orders that in the Act of firing his Peice split and 
wounded his left Arm, and soon after suffered an amputation, And 
praying the Consideration of this Assembly in his afflicted Case and it 
appearing that the Misfortune happened to the Memorialist in the Act 
of Obedience to the Order of his Commanding Officer and without any 
Default or Imprudence of the Memorialist, 

Whereupon Resolved by this Assnnhly that there be paid to the Me- 
morialist out of the pul)lick Treasury sixty pounds Money and the Comp- 
troller is hereby directed to draw on the Treasurer for the said Sum in 
favour of the Memorialist accordingly. 

On Memorial of Elijah Abel Sheriff of the County of Fairfield Shew- 
ing to this Assembly that the Treasurer of this State put a lauge number 
of Executions against sundry Collectors in said County into his Hands 
to Collect, And that after he had spent much Money and Time in en- 
deavouring to Collect said Executions, and before he had made a full 
Collection of the same Executions were by Act of Assembly in October 
1782 taken out of his Hands and returned to said Treasurer, and that the 
Memorialist never did receive any fees or Compensation for his Services 
and expences thereon Praying this Assembly to Grant him such Sum 
for his said Services as may appear Just as pr Memorial on file 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Sum of Twenty Pounds nineteen 
shillings & three pence half penny lawfull Money be granted to the Me- 
morialist for his Service and expence on said Executions And that the 
Treasurer pay the same accordingly. 

Upon the Memorial of the Inhabitants of the Town of Norwich Shewing 
to this Assembly that no Work House or House of Correction hath been 
established within the County of New London under necessary regula- 
tions to answer the Object of Law and that the Memorialists are desirous 



61. The Webb-Deane relationship in Wethersfield is an intricate one. Joseph 
Webb, Sr., b. 1727, whose estate is here under discussion, was a tanner and merchant 
in the town. In 1752 he purchased a house next to that of Silas Deane, with three 
and a half acres of land, a barn, and other buildings. In 1753 he bought additional 
adjoining land from the Wolcott family. He died in 1761, and his widow, Mehitabel 
Nott Webb, in 1763 married Silas Deane. Joseph Webb's son, the Joseph Webb who 
presented this petition, 1749-1815, was a merchant and West India trader. Silas 
Deane, the merchant and diplomatist, had died in 1789, leaving one son, Jesse, 1764- 
1828. Silas' brothers, Barnabas, d. 1794, a sea captain and merchant, had moved to 
Hartford. Their sister, Hannah, had married Capt. Josiah Buck of Wethersfield. 
Joseph Webb, Jr., was thus half-brother to Jesse Deane. Adams and Stiles, The 
History of Ancient Wethersfield. Connecticut, I, 438, 480-481, 566; H, 271 754-755 



1795. OF CONNECTICUT 297 

of erecting and establishing a Work House or House of Correction within 
said Town under proper regulations 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Town of Norwich in the County 
of New London be and they are hereby authorized and Impowered to 
erect and establish a Work House in said Town of Norwich and to make 
such Bye Laws as said Town shall Judge necessary relative to the Per- 
sons who may be Committed to said Work House, relative to the manner 
of their being Committed and confined therein, and relative to the well 
Ordering and Governing said House, and keeping the persons confined 
therein to Labour; Provided all the Bye Laws made by said Town by 
Virtue of this Resolve shall at any Time be liable to be repealed by any 
Superior Court holden in the said County if by such Superior Court on a 
hearing Judged to be unreasonable or unjust.^^ 

Upon the Memorial of John Johnson of Newtown in the County of 
Fairfield Shewing to this Assembly that he is Guardian duely appointed to 
Abigail Peck of said Newtown a Minor and Daughter of Daniel Peck late 
of said New Town Deceasd that the said Abigail ever has been and still 
Continues weak and infirm and unable to support herself that the said 
Abigail had no Personal Estate except the Sum of i5.16.0>4 which had 
been expended in her support and that the said Johnson had over and 
above contracted Debts for the maintenance & support of said Abigail to 
the Amount of £48.5.0 which he is liable to pay out of his own Estate that 
the said Abigail is possessed of real Estate sufficient to satisfy said Debts 
which are uncultivated and yield nothing towards the support of said 
Abigail, and Praying for Liberty to dispose of so much of the real Estate 
of said Abigail as shall be sufikient to discharge said Debts and incident 
Charges of Sale taking the directions of the Court of Probate therein &c 
as pr Petition on file 

Whereupon Resolved by this Assembly that said Johnson be and he is 
hereby Authorized and Impowered to Sell and dispose of so much of the 
real Estate of said Abigail described in said Petition as shall be suffi- 
cient to raise said Sum of £48.5.0 L Money and Incident Charges of Sale, 
and to make and execute to the Purchaser a Deed thereof which Deed 
being duely acknoledged & Recorded in the Publick Records in said New 
Town shall be as good & valid in Law to convey the Title of such Lands 
or real Estate of said Abigail to the Purchaser or Purchasers as the same 
would be if executed by the said Abigail when of full Age taking the 
Advice of the Judge of Probate for the District of Danbury therein, and 
under such regulations Limitation & restrictions as said Judge shall Order 
and direct in the premisses. 

On the Memorial of John R Watrous of Colchester in New London 
County Administrator on the Estate of Frederick Wm Wack of said Col- 
chester Deceased representing to this Assembly that there is in the Comp- 

62. The work house in Norwich was not built at this time. In 1800 an alms 
house was erected in Chelsea, and soon after a work house was put up next to it. The 
work house went into operation in 1806. F. M. Caulkins, History of Norwich, Con- 
necticut, p. 374. 



298 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

troUers Office of this State a Ballance due to said Frederick of about 
£45.0.0 which the said Memorialist prays may be ordered out of said 
Office for the Widow & Son of said Deceased which Memorial has been 
granted in both Houses of Assembly 

Resolved by this Assembly that the said Comptroller be and he is hereby 
directed to deliver out to said Administrator whatever Ballance shall be 
due the said Frederick on the Books of his Office for the Benefit of said 
Widow & Son as set forth in said Memorial. 

Resolved by this Assembly that the Honble Heman Swift John Wat- 
son & Noadiaii Hooker Esqrs be and they are hereby appointed a Commit- 
tee with full power and Authority to view the great Road leading from 
Hartford to Albany from the Eastern extremity of the Town of New 
Hartford to the western extremity of the Town of Norfolk, and also to 
view such other place or places in the intermediate or adjoining Towns as 
may be proposed by the Inhabitants of that Country as being better 
adapted to promote the Public Convenience, and to make such Alterations 
in said Road as they may Judge necessary, and assess the Damages that 
may thereby Accrue to any Individual or individuals, and also to State 
their Opinion with respect to the expediency of establishing One or more 
Turnpikes on said Road, shoul[d] a Company hereafter at their own 
expence put the same in a Sufficient State of repair and be incorporated 
for that end. 

Upon the Petition of Caleb Bull of Hartford in Hartford County 
and of Abigail his Wife Shewing to this Assembly that the said Abigail 
Bull before her intermarriage with said Caleb Bull was the Widow and 
Relict and formerly the Wife of Normand Morrison late of said Hartford 
Deceasd that said Normand Morrison during his Life and at his Death 
was well seized and possessed of a valuable real Estate in Land and Build- 
ings in said Hartford which desended to him by devise from his Ancestor 
the late Doctor Morrison of said Hartford Deceased, that during the 
intermarriage of said Normand and said Abigail viz on the twenty first 
Day of August A D 1779, the said Normand then in Life and of sound 
Mind and having no Issue living and no kindred of his Blood, except 
Collaterals in due form of Law made executed and published his last Will 
& Testament under his Hand & Seal in the presence of three legal Wit- 
nesses thereto subscribing in the Words & figures following viz In the 
Name of God Amen. I Normand Morrison of Hartford in the County of 
Hartford being sensible of the uncertainty of Human Life and being now 
in good Health and of sound disposing Mind and Memory, do make this 
my last Will & Testament in the manner following viz I recommend my 
Soul into the Hands of God who gave it and my Body to the Earth in such 
manner and under tlie Circumstances as God in his Providence may 
allow, hoping through the Merits and attonement of Jesus Christ my alone 
Saviour & redeemer for the free Pardon of all my Sins and an Inheritance 
among the Saints in Light, And as touching my Temporal Interest I dis- 
pose of the same in the manner and form following after my Just Debts and 
Charges are paid. I Give and bequeath unto my beloved Wife Abigail 



1795. OF CONNECTICUT 299 

all my Estate both real and personal to be hers and her Heirs forever 
except my House and Home Lott which I give to Thomas Morrison son 
of my Sister Margaret Morrison after the Decease of my said Wife if he 
shall return into this Country and be esteemed a Friend to his Country 
and the American Cause, but if he should not return or not prove Friendly 
to the American Cause, I then give it to my said Wife and to her Heirs 
forever the said House & Home Lott, my further Will is that whoever 
Inherits my House Lott shall always keep and maintain a good fence 
around the place where my Grandfather Doctor Normand IMorrison was 
Buried, and I appoint my said Wife my Executrix to this my last Will & 
Testament. In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my Hand & Seal 
this 21st Day of August 1779 Normand Morrison Signed Sealed pro- 
nounced and delivered in presence of James Smith, Susanna Chauncey 
Mary Smith And that the Parents of said Thomas Morrison in said Will 
mentioned who were Benjamin Morrison & the said Margaret his Wife 
formerly of said Hartford were at the Commencement of the late War 
between Great Britain & the United States of America Inimical to the 
Liberties of said States and for that reason removed from said Hartford 
and Joined the Enemies of said States carrying with them said Thomas 
then an Infant And that said Thomas never did return into said States 
but before the Close of said War viz in the Year 1780 died in his minority 
whereby said devise to him became wholly void and after the executing 
said Will said Normand Morrison & said Abigail the Petitioner his then 
Wife lived together at said Hartford in the greatest Union and Harmony 
for more than four Years during which Time they were blessed with 
Issue viz Normand Morrison the Younger late of said Hartford Deceasd, 
who was born in sd Hartford on the 15th Day of March A D 1782, And 
said Normand the elder constantly at said Hartford resided with his Wife 
& Child from its Birth untill the Month of October 1782, when he went 
on a Voyage to the West Indias and on his return from which he died at 
Sea in the Month of January 1783 without having altered or revoked 
said Will or made any new disposition of his Estate leaving the said Abi- 
gail his Widow, and said Normand the Younger his only Child and Heir 
at Law and said Normand, for more than two Years before his Death 
was informed & well knew that said Thomas had died, and thereupon 
afterwards said x-Vbigail Executrix of said Will caused the same to be duely 
proved before the Court of Probate for the district of Hartford to which 
the Probate thereof by Law appertained on the 11th Day of March 1783, 
and duely offered the same to said Court for approbation but the Honble 
Judge of said Court being doubtfull of the propriety of approving the 
same on account of the Birth of said Normand the Younger, after the 
execution of said Will reserved the same for his further consideration at 
some future Period but did not adjourn said Court for hearing to any 
certain Day, And said Judge at the same Time informed said Abigail 
that she was by Law entitled to her Dower in said Estate and to be 
Guardian of her Son who was Heir at Law, and that the approbation 
or rejection of said Will was almost immaterial as the Estate of said 
Normand the Elder would vest & descend in a manner perfectly agree- 
able to the intention of the Testator and and [sic] the Wishes of said 



300 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

Abigail, and that she could safely hold possession of said Estate and pro- 
ceed to settle the same, which he would Impower her to do, whether he 
should approve or disapprove of said Will hereafter. And said Abigail 
being thus advised by said Judge, and understanding from her Friends, 
that by the then existing Laws of this State, she would be Heiress at Law 
to her said Son in Case of his Death without Issue, and not desirous to 
wrest said Estate out of his Possession, made no further application to 
said Court of Probate nor ever received from said Court of Probate any 
Notice to attend and be heard on the Probate of said Will and thereupon 
supposed that no further Proceedings were had thereon, and afterwards 
said Judge sent to her Letters of Administration in Common form on 
said Estate which she received & proceeded to Settle said Estate, That 
said Normand the Younger her Son unhappily sickened & Died at said 
Hartford on the 10th Day of February 1790, whereupon the said Abigail 
Executrix as aforesaid, and the said Calel) Bull with whom she had 
intermarried, in her Right applied afterwards to said Court of Probate and 
moved that said Will might be approved and an hearing granted on the 
same, but to their surprize were informed that a Record was entered in 
the files of said Court disapproving said Will, on the 21st Day of March 

1783. Which said Judgment of disapprobation was entered by the then 
Judge of said Court, without ever hearing a single Witness to any Fact 
relative to said Will whereon the same could be groimded, or even stating 
to said Abigail, the grounds of his Objection, and said Judge as the 
Petitioners are now informed proceeded on a mistaken Idea contrary to 
Fact, and not founded on any proof, that said Normand the Elder dying 
abroad never knew of the Birth of his said Son, and therefore supposed 
the same to be a revocation of said Will, and that the Petitioners never 
had any actual Notice of said disapprobation of said Will untill after the 
Death of the said Norman the Younger unless as the same might be 
implied in the granting said Letters of .\dministration, of which Implica- 
tion the said Abigail was wholly Ignorant. And the Petitioners are fully 
able to evince that said Judgment was erroneous both in Law and fact. 
And further Shewing that the Legislature of this State at their Session in 

1784, holden after the Time by Law Limited for taking an Appeal from 
said erroneous Judgment of said Court of Probate was elapsed, in case 
said Abigail had Legal Notice of said Judgment did in the revisal of the 
Statutes of this State, wholly alter the Law relative to descents of real 
Estate, and did Enact that all real Estate received by descent Gift or 
Devise from any Parent or Ancestor should belong equally to the Breth- 
ren & Sisters of any Intestate, and those who legally represent them, or 
next of Kin of the Blood of the Person or Ancestor from whom such 
Estate came or descended, by the Operation of which new Law on the 
Decease of said Normand the Younger son to said Abigail, said real Es- 
tate would descend & vest in Mrs Jennet Knox of said Hartford who hath 
since intermarried with John Calder of said Hartford as next of Kin of 
the Blood of the said Doctor Morrison Deceasd Great Grandfather to 
said Norman the Younger. That if any legal neglect is imputable to said 
Abigail, in not urging said Court of Probate to a hearing of Witnesses 
on said Will and an approbation of the same, or in not Appealing from 



1795. OF CONNECTICUT 301 

said erroneous Judgment it arose wholly from her Confidence in the then 
existing Laws of this State, explained to her as aforesaid and said new 
Law in the present Instance operates merely as an ex post facto Law to 
deprive the said Abigail of her Just Title to said Estate vested in her by 
the Will of her said Deceased Husband, and also at Law descendible to 
her on the Decease of her said Son, and also to vest the same in a distant 
Collateral Heir, who by the existing Laws of this State, had at the Time 
of said neglect if any were no possibility of Inheriting the same as the 
Case appears. And also further Shewing that the Petitioners brot their 
Petition to the General Assemblv holden at New Haven the second Thurs- 
day of October 1792. which said Petition came to Tryal before said As- 
semblv at their Session holden at Hartford on the second Thursday of 
Mav 1793, and the Praver thereof was Granted in the House of Repre- 
sentatives but NejjatiA^ed bv the Governor & Council and thereupon dis- 
continued. That the Petitioners on said Trval were unable to prove the 
Time of the Death of the said Thomas Morrison One of the Devisees 
named in said Will, though thev well knew that the said Thomas died be- 
fore the said Normand the Elder Devisor as aforesaid, & to the Petitioners 
Surprize Mr Elisha Wadsworth who was Improved as a Witness on said 
Trval. Testified that in the Summer of the Year 1783, he was in the Citv 
of New York and was there informed that the said Thomas about six 
Weeks before had died in said City, which said Time so mentioned by 
said Wadsworth was after the Death of Normand the Devisor and said 
Evidence was stronglv urged and relied on as an objection to granting 
the praver of said Petition and as the Petitioners beleive was the Sole and 
material Objection with the Governor and Council for negativing the 
same, but that the Petitioners can fully prove by Testimonv unknown to 
them on said Trval that the said Thomas died more than two Years befov^ 
the Death of said Normand the Devisor, and that the said Wadsworth was 
mistaken in respect to the Time when the Death of said Thomas happened 
and also that the said Normand the Devisor for more than two Years 
before his Death was informed of the Death of said Thomas, and ever 
after during his Life knew that he had died, And that the Petitioners are 
advised that they have no remedy at Law against said erroneous Judgment 
of said Court of Probate and that the said Abigail must loose all Benefit 
from the benevolent Intention of her sd first and deceased Husband unless 
releived by the equitable interposition of this Assembly. Praying this 
Assembly to Grant a new Tryal on said Will before the Court of Probate 
for said District of Hartford as no hearing or Tryal thereof on said Point 
on which said Court adjudged said Will to be revoked was ever had and to 
Order and Decree that said Court of Probate shall proceed to a hearing 
and Tryal and adjudication thereof in the same manner as though no such 
Judgment disapproving the same had been and had rendered, or that Liber- 
ty of an Appeal from said erroneous Judgment of said Court of Probate 
disapproving said Will to the next Superior Court to be holden at Hart- 
ford in said County of Hartford, or in some other way grant releif as by 
her Petition on file dated the 9th Day of July 1794. This Petition first 
came to the General Assembly liolden at New Haven within the County 
of New Haven on the second Thursday of October A D 1794 and after- 



302 PUBLIC RECORDS May, 

wards to said Assembly holden by Adjournment at Middletown within 
the County of Middlesex on the lOth Day of October A D 1794 when and 
where the parties appeared and the Petitioners pleaded in Abatement 
and Issue were Joined on said Pleas as by the same on file appears, and 
said Parties were fully heard thereon, and it was considered and Adjudged 
by said Assembly that said Petition should not Abate and the same was 
Continued and said Petition now comes before this Assembly, and said 
Parties being fully heard thereon with their Evidence and Arguments by 
Council Learned in the Law This Assembly finds the aforesaid Facts to be 
proved and substantiated 

And thereupon Resolved by this Assembly that a new Trval be and 
hereby is granted to the Petitioners for and on the Probate and approba- 
tion of said Will, before the Court of Probate within and for the District 
of Hartford, and that said Court of Probate be and hereby is Tmpowered 
and directed to proceed to an hearing Tryal and adjudication thereof in 
the same manner as though no such Judgment Sentence or Decree dis- 
approving said Will had been had or rendered And any Person or Per- 
sons aggreived by the Judgment Sentence or Decree that shall be made 
or rendered in the Premisses may appeal therefrom at any Time within 
six Months after the making and rendring such Sentence Judgment or 
Decree to the Superior Court to be holden within and for Hartford County 
then next after such Appeal shall be Granted And said Court of Probate 
taking Bonds for the Prosecution of said Appeal in like manner as by Law 
directed in Cases of Appeals from the Judgments Sentences or Decrees 
of Courts of Probate in this State.*'^ 

This Assembly do Grant to His Excellency Governor Huntington five 
Hundred Dollars for the first half of his Salary the current year. 

This Assembly do Grant to His Honor Lieut Governor Wolcott One 
Hundred & sixty six Dollars & sixty seven Cents for the first half of his 
Salary the Current Year. 

This Assembly do Grant to Andrew Kingsbury Esqr Treasurer of this 
State six hundred & sixty six Dollars &- sixty seven Cents for his last 
Years Salary. 

This Asseml:)ly do Grant to George Wyllys Esqr Secretary of this 
State Sixty six Dollars & sixty seven Cents for his Salary the last Year. 

63. Dr. Normand Morrison, d. 1761, had been a Scottish physician, a graduate 
of the University of Edinburgh, who had settled in Hartford, and owned a house 
north of that owned by Caleb Bull. His nephew, Normand Morrison, 1750 [?1 — 
1783, had inherited his estate. The nephew's widow. Abigail Chauncey Morrison, 
1756-1799. in 1788 married Caleb Bull, 1746-1797. Caleb Bull was a merchant who 
lived in the eastern part of the city, near the river. He owned warehouses, a lumber- 
yard, house, and store, all of them somewhere near Front Street. Lucius Barnes 
Barbour, Early Families of Hartford, Connecticut, 2 vols. Photostat, in the Con- 
necticut State Library, 1945, L 248: H, 1914-1915; W. D. Love, The Colonial His- 
tory of Hartford, J. Hammond Trumbull, The Colonial History of Hartford County 
Connecticut 1633-1884, I, 138. 



1795. OF CONNECTICUT 303 

This Assembly do Grant to John Porter Esqr Comptroller of the 
Publick Accounts of this State six Hundred & Sixty six Dollars & sixty 
seven Cents for his last Years Salary. 

Resolved that all Petitions and Suits between Party and Party pending 
in this Assembly unheard and undetermined be Continued to the General 
Assembly to be holden at New Haven in October next. 

This Assembly was Adjourned by Proclamation until the Governor or 
in his Absence the Lieutenant Governor shall see Cause to call it to meet 
again.^* 

Teste George Wyllys, Secretarv 



64. The session closed on June 5, shortly after sunset. After the usual oaths of 
office were administered, the Rev. Abel Flint offered a closing prayer "according to 
his usual manner — that is, very pertinent in sentiment, cloathed in excellent language, 
and delivered with oratorical dignity and solemnity. This Service being closed, the 
Governor addressed the Gentlemen of the Council, the Speaker, and the Gentlemen 
of the House of Representatives in a short speech, — informing that the business of 
the session was closed, thanking the Assembly for the candour and respectful atten- 
tion which he had experienced from them ; reminding them of the importance of 
attending to their executive duties, for securing the beneficial effects of their legisla- 
tive labours ; stating the necessity of maintaining due subordination to civil govern- 
ment and cultivating order and tranquillity, if we would preserve the blessings of 
which we are so happily distinguished from countries where a spirit of faction and 
anarchy has deprived the inhabitants of the advantages of liberty, prosperity, and safe- 
ty." Assembly Journal, June 5. The Connecticut Courant, noting the end of the 
session, commented : "A great variety of business was accomplished, and an unusual 
degree of harmony appeared, throughout the session. The spirit of party which has 
existed for a year or two past, subsided; and all seemed anxious to promote the 
interest, happiness, and respectability of the state." 



304 PUBLIC RECORDS Octobcr, 

STATE OF CONNECTICUT 

At a General Assembly of the State of Connecticut Holden at 
New Haven in said State, on the second Thursday of October 

BEING the eighth DaY OF SAID MONTH, AND CONTINUED BY 

Adjournments from day to day, untill the 29th Day of the 
SAME Month Inclusive A. Domm 1795.^ 

Present 

His Excellency Samuel Huntington Esquire Governor. 
The Honorable Oliver Wolcott Esquire Lieut Governor. 

William \Villiams Esqr ] 

Joseph Piatt Cook Esqr j 

\\'illiam Hillhouse Esqr | 

John Treadwell Esqr 

James Davenport Esqr j 

Roger Newberry Esqr | 

Heman Swift Esqr {■ Assistants 

Jonathan IngersoU Esqr 

Thomas Grosvenor Esqr 

Thomas Seymour Esqr 

Aaron Austin Esqr 

Jeremiah W'adsworth Esqr 

Representatives of the Freemen of the several Towns in this State zvho 
attended the Assembly, are as follozv viz. 

Mr William Mosely, Mr Thomas Y Seymour, for Hartford 
Mr Selah Hart, Mr Gad Stanley, for Berlin 

Mr Zebulon Peck , for Bristol 

Mr Jonathan Wells, Mr Shubael Griswold, for East Hartford 
Mr Caleb Booth. Mr Daniel Rockwell, for East Windsor 
Mr Eliphalet Terry. Mr Daniel Perkins, for Enfield 
Mr John Mix, Mr Noadiah Hooker, for Farmington 
Mr Elisha Hale, Mr John Hale, for Glastonbury 
Mr Pliny Hillyer. Mr James Huggins, for Granby 

1. In this session the AssemWy again rejected bills to reform the elections of 
governor, lieutenant governor, and assistants and to authorize trustees to hold prop- 
erty for the Episcopal Bishop of Connecticut. They accepted the report of the 
committee which sold the Western Reserve lands to the group which soon became 
the Connecticut Land Company and considered, without final action, some other 
proposals concerning the State's western land claims. The Council favored a request 
^'^°™ ^u"" "^''"^^ "^""^^ ^^^^ doubled the net income to the college from the grant 
of 1792, but the House of Representatives insisted on deferring a decision to the next 
session Among other individuals who sought financial help from the State were 
Jesse Waterbury and Jared Byington, who had plans for a nail factory but no capital 
T^" 'LjSn*''.^"'^'^ ^^'"^ necessary rolling mill. They vainlv asked the State to lend 
them $5,000 without interest. 



1795. OF CONNECTICUT 305 

Mr Elizur Andruss, Mr Samuel Hart, for Southington 

Mr Samuel Hale, Mr Gideon Granger Junr, for Suffield 

Mr Noah Phelps, Mr Dudley Pettibone, for Symsbury 

Mr Ezekiel P Belden, Mr Samuel W Williams, for Weathersfield 

Mr Henry Allyn, Mr Oliver Mather, for Windsor 

Mr David Daggett. ]\Ir Elizur Goodrich, for New Haven 

Mr Timothy Hoadley, Mr James Barker, for Branford 

Mr Rufus Hitchcock, Mr Andrew Hull Junr, for Cheshire 

Mr Thomas Clark, Mr Daniel Holbrook. for Derby 

Mr Simeon Parsons, Mr Dan Parmelee, for Durham 

Mr Samuel Davenport , for East Haven 

Mr Augustus Collins, Mr WilHam Brown, for Guilford 

Mr Samuel Bellamy , for Hamden 

Mr William Coggeshall, Mr Abraham V Horn DeWitt, for Milford 

Mr Joseph Pierpont , for North Haven 

Mr Caleb Atwater, Mr Dan Collins, for Wallingford 

Mr Joseph Hopkins, Mr Aaron Benedict, for Waterbury 

Mr Samuel Osborn. Mr Roger Peck, for Woodbridge 

Mr Marvin Wait, Mr Elias Perkins, for New London 

Mr Joseph Williams, Mr John Backus, for Norwich 

Mr Henry Champion Junr. Mr John R Watrous, for Colchester 

Mr Silas Hartshorn for Franklin 

Mr Thomas Avery, Mr Benadam Gallop Junr, for Groton 

Mr Levi Perkins , for Lisbon 

Mr Matthew Griswold Jur, Mr David F Sill, for Lyme 

Mr Joshua Raymond, for Montville 

Mr Samuel Mott, Mr Nathel Lord, for Preston 
Mr Amos Palmer. Mr Isaac V\' illiams 2d. for Stonington 
Mr Lewiss B Sturges, Mr David Burr, for Fairfield 
Mr Timothy Taylor, yir Isaac Ives, for Danbury 

Mr Preserve Wood, , for Brookfield 

Mr William Knapp. Mr Elkanah Mead, for Greenwich 
Mr Ebenezer Beach. Mr Agur Judson. for Huntington 
Mr James Potter, yir James Scofield, for New Fairfield 
Mr William Edmond, Mr David Baldwin, for Newtown 
Mr Eliphalet Lockwood, Mr Samuel Comstock, for Norwalk 
Mr William Keron. Mr Andrew L. Hill, for Reading 
Mr Joshua King, Mr William Forrester, for Ridgfield 
Mr John Davenport, Mr George Mills, for Stamford 
Mr Jabez H Tomlinson. Mr John Thompson, for Stratford 

Mr Samuel B Sherwood , for Weston 

Mr Timothy Larrabee, Mr Shubael Abbe, for Windham 
Mr Samuel Spring, Mr Josiah Boyle, for Ashford 

Mr Ebenezr Scarborough, , for Brooklyn 

Mr Moses Cleaveland, Mr Daniel Frost, for Canterbury 

Mr Ebenezer Mosely, for Hampton 

Mr Sampson Howe, Mr Ezra Hutchins, for Killingley 

Mr Daniel Tilden, Mr Peleg Thomas, for Lebanon 

Mr Daniel Crocker, Mr Frederick Freeman, for Mansfield 



306 PUBLIC RECORDS October, 

Mr Stephen Hall Jiinr, Mr Calvin Goddard, for Plainfield 
Mr Ebenezer Kingsbury, Mr Lemuel Ingalls, for Pomfrett 

Mr Archibald Gordon, , for Sterling 

Mr Henry Learned, , for Thompson 

Mr Samuel Robbins , for Voluntown 

Mr Elijah Williams, Mr Ebenezer Smith, for Woodstock 
Mr Bozaleel Bebee. Mr Moses Seymour, for Litchfield 

Mr David Bellamy for Bethlem 

Mr John Adam, Mr Jonathan Burrall, for Canaan 
Mr Isaac Swift, Mr Samuel Wadsworth, for Cornwall 
Mr x\dino Hale, Mr Samuel Hopkins, for Goshen 
Mr Daniel Catlin, Mr Josiah Phelps, for Harwington 
Mr Uriel Holmes, Mr Eleazer Ensign, for Hartland 

Mr Joseph Pratt for Kent 

Mr "Seth Spencer, Mr John Henderson, for New Hartford 
Mr Josiah Starr, Mr lilisha Bostwick, for New Milford 
Mr Giles Pettibone, Mr Nathl Stevens, for Norfolfk 

Mr David Smith, for Plymouth 

Mr Joshua Porter, Mr Samuel Lee. for Salisbury 
Mr Samuel Canfield, Mr Enoch Pearson, for Sharon 

Mr Benjamin Stiles Jur , for Southbury 

Mr Elisha Smith, Mr William Battle, for Torrington 

Mr John Tallmadge for Warren 

Mr Daniel V Brinsmade, ^Ir David \Miittlesey, for Washington 

Mr Thomas Fenn, for Watertown 

Mr Heman Smith for Winchester 

Mr Nathan Preston, Mr Samuel Orton, for Woodbury 

Mr Elijah Hubbard, Mr Samuel W Dana, for Middletown 

Mr Edward Selden, Mr Daniel Brainard, for Haddam 

Mr Hezh Goodrich, Mr James Bell, for Chatham 

Mr Epaphroditus Champion, Mr Jonathn O Mosely, for East Haddam 

Mr Abraham Pierson, Mr Job Wright, for Killingworth 

Mr Jonathan Lay, Mr William Hart, for Saybrook 

Mr Daniel Edgerton. Mr Samuel Ladd, for Tolland 

Mr Ichabod Warner, Mr Ezekiel Olcott, for Bolton 

Mr Jeremiah Ripley, Mr Eleazer Pomeroy. for Coventry 

Mr Matthew Hyde , for Elington 

Mr Silvester Gilbert, Mr Joel Jones, for Hebron 
Mr Reuben Sikes, Mr Abiel I^ease. for Somers 
Mr John Phelps, Mr Jesse Cady. for Stafford 

Mr Samuel Crawford , for Union 

Mr John Johnson, Mr Noah Pomeroy, for \\'illington 

David Daggett Esquire Speaker] of the House 
Samuel W Dana Esquire Clerk \ of 

William Edmond Esquire Clerk J Representatives.^ 

2. According to the Assembly Journal, the Governor opened the session with a 
speech in which he "mentioned it as very singular circumstance that there were no 
public papers which he [thought] requisite to be communicated." 



1795. OF CONNECTICUT 307 

An Act for the providing and regulating of Jurors in Civil Action.^ 

Be it Enacted by the Governor and Council and House of Representa- 
tives in General Court Assembled, That the Civil Authority Select Men 
Constables and Grand Jurymen in the several Towns hereafter in this Act 
named, shall some Time in the Month of January annually meet together, 
and when so met shall Choose to serve as Jurymen in the several Superior 
and County Courts in that County to which such Towns respectively be- 
long such a number of their able Judicious Freeholders as is hereafter in 
this Act prescribed; each of which Freeholders, shall have a freehold 
Instate rated in the General List at fifty shillings and more. And that in 
each of said Towns hereafter named there shall be a Box provided at the 
Cost of the Town with a Lock to it. and lodged in the Town Clerks Hands, 
and when the Jurymen are Chosen as aforesaid the Town Clerk shall write 
each mans Name so nominated on a peice of paper by itself, and put the 
several Names so written in the said Box. and keep the same Locked in his 
Hands, that the said Names may be drawn as hereafter provided.' 

Be it Enacted that some convenient Time before the sitting of the afore- 
said Courts, the Clerk of the Superior and respective County Courts in 
this State, shall Issue out Warrants directed to either of the Constables 
of the several Towns hereafter named, or to some of them in the County in 
which the court is to be held, to Summon and warn so many able Judicious 
and lawfull Freeholders of their Town, as the warrant directs to attend and 
serve as Jurors at such Court : And the Jurors of the Superior Court shall 
be summoned to attend at two of the Clock on the first Day of the Sessions 
of said Court ; And the Jurors of the County Courts shall be summoned 
to attend at eight of the Clock on the third Day of the Sessions of said Court. 
And when anv Constable shall receive any such Warrant to summon any 
certain number of Jurymen to attend and serve as such at any of the said 
Courts he shall repair to the Town Clerk, and in his presence, or in his 
absence in the presence of One of the Select Men of such Town or a Justice 
of the Peace, draw out of the Box aforesaid the number his Warrant 
directs him to summon without seeing the Names he draws, before he 
draws them, And having so done shall then proceed to summon those Men 
for Jurymen whose Names he has so drawn. But if any or all of the Men 
whose names are thus drawn be at the Time either from Home or sick 
or otherwise unavoidably hindered from attending such Court his or their 
name or names shall be returned into said Box. and others in his or their 
room drawn & summoned in manner aforesaid. And the Constable shall 
make timely return of his Warrant unto the Clerk that granted the same, 
with an endorsement thereon certifying whom he has summoned for the 
purpose aforesaid, on pain that every Constable failing of his Duty therein, 
shall forfeit and pay unto the County Treasury for the use of the County, 
a fine not exceeding five dollars, at the discretion of the Judges of the 
Court, unless such Constable, shall seasonably make his excuse to the 
acceptance of said